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Full text of "Indiana's roll of honor"

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INDIANA'S 



ROLL OF HONOR. 



BY THEO. T. SCRIBNER. 



VOLUME II. 



A. D. STREIGHT, PUBLISHER: 

N. E. COR. WASHINGTON AND MERIDIAN STREETS, 

INDIANAPOLIS, IND. 

1866. 






Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 18C6, by 
A. D. STBEIGHT, 
In the Clerk's Office of tlie District Court of tlie United States, for the District of Indiana. 



THE 

NEW YORK 

'PUBLIC LIBRARY' 

yAstor, LenoK and Tlldeii/ 

Foun^loni. 

1699 



27301 



CONTENTS. 



CHAPTER I. 

BIOGEAPHICAL SKETCH. 

General John F. Miller — Birth and Education — Post Commander at 
Nashville — The " Light Brigade" — Dispersing Guerrillas — 
Defeats Forrest — Battle of Stone River — Wounded — The Post 
of Honor — Recommended for Promotion — Liberty Gap — Again 
Wounded — Back to Nashville — Promotion — Commands District 
of Mobile— Collector of the Port of San Francisco, 13-26 

CHAPTER II. 

REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

History of th^ Organization and Services of the Seventy-Third and 
Forty-Seventh Regiments, with their Marches, Battles, Inci- 
dents, etc., 27-76 

CHAPTER III. 

BIOGRAPHICAL SEETCH. 

General Solomon Meredith — Birth and Education — Sheriff of Wayne 
County — Representative — Marshal of the State — Internal Im- 
provements — Agriculture — Clerk of Wayne County — The Sol- 
dier — Gainsville and Gettysburg — Wounded — Post Commander 
at Cairo — Commands District of Western Kentucky — Suppres- 
sion of Guerrillas — Promotion, 77-90 

CHAPTER IV. 

REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

History of the Organization and Services of the Fortieth, Fifty- 

(III) 



IV CONTK.N'l'S. 

First, Thirtieth, Sixty-Ninth, Sixty-Seventh, Thirty-First and 
Twenty-Fourth Kcginients, witli their IMarchcs, Battles, Inci- 
dents, etc., including the famous Streight Expedition and Sur- 
render, Battle of the Quartermasters, and Biographical Sketches 
of Officers, 91-230 

CHAPTER V. 

BIOGRAPUrCAL SKETCH. 

General Nathan Kimball — liaises a Company — Elected Captain — 
Commissioned Colonel — Cheat Mountain — Greenbriar — Com- 
mands a Brigade — Winchester — Appointed Brigadier General — 
Front Royal — Antietam — Fredericksburg — Wounded — " Kim- 
ball's Provisional Brigade" — Operations Around Vicksburg — 
Enrolling Loyal Citizens — Commands Department of Arkan- 
sas, etc., 231-240 

CHAPTER VI. 

REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

History of the Organization and Services of the Eleventh and Sixth 
Regiments, with their Marches, Battles, Incidents, etc., including 
the Capture of Forts Heiman, Henry and Donelson, Battle of 
Shiloh, Yazoo Pass Expedition, Vicksburg Campaign, Battle of 
Winchester, and Battle of Fisher's Hill, 241-300 

CHAPTER VII. 

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH. 

General Jefferson C. Davis — Birth and Education — Services in 
Mexico — Ordered to Baltimore — Fort Washington — The Rio 
Grande — Florida — Fortress Monroe — Fort McHeury — Indian 
Scouting Expeditions — Fort Sumter — The Captured Africans — 
First Shell of the Rebellion— The Siege— The Evacuation- 
Mustering Officer for Indiana — Commissioned Colonel — Jeffer- 
son City, Missouri — The Blackwater Expedition — Advance upon 
Springfield — Battle of Pea Ridge — March to Corinth — Defense 
of Louisville — Killing of General Nelson — Stone River — Promo- 
tions, etc., 301-310 

CHAPTER VIII. 

REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

History of the Organization and Services of the Thirty-Eighth and 



CONTENTS. V 

Ninth Regiments, with their Marches, Battles, Incidents, etc., in- 
eluding the Battles of Stone River and Chicamauga, 311-360 

CHAPTER IX. 

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH. 

Greneral William E, Grose — Birth and Education — Admitted to the 
Bar — Elected to the Legislature — Elected Judge — Enters the 
Service — Battle of Pittsburg Landing — Wounded — Recaptures 
Murfreesboro — Pursues Bragg — Battle of Stone River — Again 
W^ounded — Promotions, etc., 360-364 

CHAPTER X. 

REGIMENTAL HISTORY, 

History of the Organization and Services of the Thirty-Sixth, 
Twenty-First; (First Heavy Artillery) — Fifteenth and Sixteenth 
Regiments, with their Marches, Battles, Incidents, etc., including 
the Battles of Stone River and Baton Rouge, 361-406 

CHAPTER XI. 

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH. 

General Robert H. Milroy — Birth and Education — Military Training — 
Mexican War — The Lawyer, the Judge and the Politician — The 
"War for the Union" — Enters the Service and the "Sacred Soil" 
almost simultaneously — Battles in Western Virginia — Commands 
the Cheat Mountain District — Ordered to Eastern Virginia — The 
Winchester Affair — General Halleek — What a Military Moloch 
can do — Vindication of General Milroy — Promotions, etc., 

407-420 

CHAPTER Xn. 

REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

History of the Organization and Services of the Eighty-Fourth and 
Thirty-Seventh Regiments, with their Marches, Battles, Inci- 
dents, etc., including the Battles of Stone River and Chicamauga, 

421-452 

CHAPTER XIII. 

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH. 

Colonel B. F. Scribner — Birth and Profession — The " Spencer 
Greys " — Mexican War — The " War for the Union "' — Buckner's 



VI fONTKN'JS. 

Advance on Louisville — Operations in Kentucky, Tennessee, 
Alabama and Georgia — Buttle of Chaplain Hills — Wounded; — 
Commands a Brigade, etc., 453-460 

CHAPTER XIV. 

REGIMENTAL niSTORY. 

History of the Organization and Services of the Seventeenth Regi- 
ment, with its IMarchcs, Battles, Incidents, etc., including the 
Munfordsville Surrender and the Wilson Raid, with a List of 
the Killed and Wounded, 461-488 

CHAPTER XV. 

BIOGRAPUICAL SKETCH. 

General Joseph J. Reynolds — the Rebellion in its Infancy — Stealing 
from Uncle Sam — the Rebel Convention at New Orleans — How 
the Rebels talked — the General Returns to the North — Interview 
with Governor Morton — " No Party War " — Organizing the 
State Troops — Western Virginia — Chasing John Morgan — Chic- 
amauga, etc., 489-496 

CHAPTER XVI. 

REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

History of the Organization and Services of the Twenty-Sixth, 
Twenty-Fifth, Eighty-Eighth, and Eighty-Second Regiments, 
with their Marches, Battles, Incidents, etc., including General 
Fremont's Springfield Expedition, and the Prairie Grove Cam- 
paign in Missouri, 497-528 

CHAPTER XVII. 

ARTILLERY HISTORY. 

History of the Organization and Services of the Eleventh Indiana 
Battery, with its Movements, Battles, Incidents, etc., 529-534 

CHAPTER XVIII. 

REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

History of the Orgaaization and Services of the Ninety-Ninth and 
Seventy-Fifth Regiments, with their Marches, Battles, Incidents, 
etc., including a list of casualties, 535-564 



CONTENTS. , VII 

CHAPTER XIX. 

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 

Lieutenant James B. Pratt, Captain Samuel H. Dunbar, and Lieuten- 
ant Colonel Noah Webb Mills, 565-578 

\ 

CHAPTER XX. 

REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

Concluding Histories of the Fourteenth, Nineteenth, Twentieth, 
Twenty-Seeond and Thirty-Third Regiments, and complete his- 
tory of the Twenty-Third Regiment, 579-614 

CHAPTER XXL 

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 

Major General Thomas J. Wood, Colonel Richard Owen, Colonel 
Reuben Williams, Colonel John A. Hendricks, General George 
H. Chapman, and Lieutenant Colonel John Gerber, 615-652 



TO THE MEMORY OF 



INDIANA'S PATRIOTIC DEAD, 



THIS WORK 



IS RESPECTFULLY DEDICATED 



BY tup: AUTUOR. 



INTEODUCTION. 



The first volume of the Roll of Honor was issued from 
the press to the public nearly two years since, under the aus- 
pices of Governor Morton, the General Assembly and the 
patriotic people generally. It was written by men of experi- 
ence and marked ability, and was intended as a slight tribute 
of respect to the patriotic dead and patriotic living of our 
State, who, taking their lives in their hands, went forth to 
battle with the enemies of our country and preserve in tact 
the Union of the States and the principles of Republicanism 
and Freedom. 

Since the first volume was published, Mr. Stevenson has 
transferred his entire interest to Colonel A. D. Streight. 
This fact, combined with other circumstances beyond the 
control of the publisher, furnishes the sequel to the change 
of editors. 

It will not be thought strange that the present editor un- 
dertook the arduous task of completing the work — the labor 
of gathering together the facts and compiling them into a 
volume — with some misgivings; knowing, as he did, that 
more illustrious foot-steps had gone before him, and that older 
and wiser heads had commenced the work. 

But the mantle fell upon our shoulders, and we have en- 
deavored to wear it with meekness and honor. The result 
of our labors now goes to the world, resting, not so much 
upon its own intrinsic merit, as upon the motives which 



X INTROBUCTIOX. 

prompted its production, und the {i:lori()iis deeds it is designed 
to iiiKiiortulize. 

Those wlio look Avilliin lliese pages for models of rhetori- 
cal composition, sublime metai)hors or poetical effusions, 
■will be disappointed ; but those who search for the plain un- 
varnished stor}' of the great deeds of Indiana's noble sons, 
not only in the great '• War for the Union," but iu the war 
with Mexico, and even in the civil walks of life, will find 
them truthfully, and, we believe, graphically portrayed. 

It is to be resrretted that the resrimental histories could not 
have been numerically arranged, but circumstances have com- 
bined to make such an arrangement impossible without de- 
laying the publication of the work too long. We have, 
therefore, been obliged to write the histories in such order 
as we were able to obtain the facts, and we have not designed 
to show partiality or preference to one regiment over auotlier. 
Some are more complete than others, because our notes have 
beeji more perfect, and for this the members of those regi- 
ments are indebted to their gallant and accomodating officers 
— Adjutant's generally — who generously supplied us with the 
facts. 

We think we shall be justified in saying that Indiana's 
glory will not be dimmed by a comparison of hev record in 
the late war with that of any State in the Union. In fact, 
she stands pre-eminent among the States whose soldiers stayed 
the tide of the Confederate armies in the South-west, and tore 
down the rebel strong-holds on the Mississippi river. Nor is 
this all. The blood of her patriotic sons has stained almost 
every battle-field, from the first skirmishes in Western Vir- 
ginia to the capture of Macon, Georgia, by Wilson's cavalry, 
where, we believe, the last gun was fired, by the Seventeenth 
Indiana, under Lieutenant Colonel White. 

The author has often been pained at the thought that, 
while the deeds of some Indiana soldiers are emblazoned in 
these pages, those of others no less worthy of note, are entire- 
ly ignored. This is no fault of the author. ]S'o fidelity on 
his part could have obviated the difficulty, from the fact that 
he has not been sup]ilied with the materiel from wliich to 
write their biographies. Those whose great deeds are nnre- 



INTRODUCTION. XT 

corded must blame either their immediate friends or their 
own modesty, and find consolation in the proud conscious- 
ness of having done their duty faithfully, nobly, manfully. 

The publisher intends to issue a third volume, by which 
means we will be enabled to do justice to a great number of 
gallant officers and worthy regiments as yet not included 
in the work. 

It has been the design of the author to make the Roll of 
Honor acceptable to all patriotic people, and for that reason 
every thing of a virulent nature has been carefully excluded 
from its pages. The language used is universally plain and 
easy of comprehension ; for it must be understood that it is a 
book written for the people, and not alone for the dusty 
shelves of professional scholars. We have endeavored to write 
the histories and biographies in such a manner as to present 
vivid pictures to the minds of those who were not active partic- 
ipants in the war, and at the same time bring back to the 
minds of the actors themselves the bloody fields, the arduous 
marches, and the varied scenes of army life, in which they 
played a part. 

As the years pass away, and the auburn hair of youth 
turns to the silvery gray of old age, this book will be more 
valued than now, and the soldier of the " "War for the 
Union" will find a more hallowed place in the hearts of 
his countrymen. Then will the glorious fruits of the 
blood-bought victory begin to ripen, and Freedom, firmly 
seated upon her throne, will defy the world. The youth 
of one decade are the men of the next, and the exam- 
ples of their noble • ancestry will not be lost upon them, 
when the record of their deeds is in the family library, easy 
of access, and full of thrilling events. 

As yet no complete and reliable history of the late war has 
been written, and those that have been published give the 
accounts of battles as seen from one stand-point, and as im- 
perfectly published in the newspapers. This work, therefore, 
will be found of great value as giving accounts of battles 
from different stand-points, and witnessed by the participants 
themselves from all parts of the fields. Taken in connec- 
tion, we believe that they furnish a better idea of the princi- 



XII INTRODUCTION. 

pal campaigns and battles of tlie war, than will Lc found 
elsewliorc ft)r sonic time to come. 

The author has often felt incompetent for the task of writ- 
ing these pages as the}' should be written, and now that the 
work is completed, he sends it forth with but little hope that 
it will go through the fiery ordeal of criticism without being 
somewhat injured by the trial ; for 

" He that writes, j 

Or makes a feast, more certainly invites 
His judges than his friends ; there's not a guest 
But will find something wanting or ill drest." 

But we have said sufficient to indicate the design and char- 
acter of this work, and will close these introductory re- 
marks by acknowledging our obligations to those officers 
and soldiers who 'have kindly furnished us information, 
without which we could not have written reliable his- 
tories. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH. 



CHAPTER I. 

GENERAL JOHN F. MILLER, 



Was born in Union county, in the State of Indiana, l^o- 
vember twenty-first, 1831. In 1833, his father, the lion. 
AVm. Miller, removed with his family to St. Joseph county, 
Indiana. General Aliller received his preparatory education 
at South Bend, Indiana, and in the Academy at Chicago, 
Illinois, and commenced the study of law at the age of nine- 
teen years; graduating and taking the degree of Bachelor 
of Laws in August, 1852, at the State and l*^ational Law 
School, Ballston Spa, New York. In February 1853 he 
went to California by the way of N^icaragua, and there com- 
menced the practice of law. He remained in California 
three years, having acquired an extensive practice in !N"appa 
City and Benicia; and then returned to South Bend, Indiana, 
and engaged in the pursuit of his profession in that place. 
In 1860, he was elected to the State Senate of Indiana, and 
served two sessions (the general session of 1860-'61, and the 
special session of 1861), and while in the Senate was appointed 
Aide to Governor Morton, with the rank of Colonel, and 
assisted in placing the State on a war footing. Colonel Mil- 
ler resigned his seat in the Senate to enter the military ser- 
vice, and in July, by order of Governor Morton, commenced 
the organization of the Twenty-ljTinth Indiana Volunteers, 
being entirelv successful in the undertaking, when it was 

(13) 



14 BTOfiRArinCAL iJXETCn. 

regarded as .almost ini[)Ossil)lo to raise a regiment nt that 
time luid ])lace. Colonel Miller was ajipoiiited to the com- 
mand oi' the regimcnc, without solicitation on his part; went 
into camp at Laporte, Indiana, in Jul}-, and was mustered 
into the service of the United States with Iws regiment, on 
the twenty-seventh day of August, 1861. On tlie first of 
Octohcr, Colonel Miller ^^■as ordered to Indianai)olis, where 
he armed and equipped liis regiment, then numhering over 
nine hundred men, and on the seventh of Octohcr, started by 
way of Louisville, to join Rousseau, then defending that 
city; reaching the General's cajnp on the ISTolin, about the 
tenth of the same month. 

The facts concerning Colonel Miller's further connection 
with his regiment will be found in the history of that organ- 
ization given in another part of this work; but it is proper 
here to state that no efforts were spared by the Colonel to 
promote and improve the drill and discipline of the regiment, 
which was soon brought to a high state of proficiencj' through 
his exertions. 

In December, 1861, Colonel Miller was taken seriously ill 
with ty})hoid fever, the result of exposure on outpost duty, 
and was conveyed to Louisville, where Mrs. Miller then was; 
remaining absent some weeks, but returning to his regiment, 
then at Bowling Green, Kentucky, as soon as able to walk. 
On his arrival, Colonel Miller was assigned to the command 
of the brigade, of which his regiment then formed a part. 
About the first of March, 1862, he marched with his brigade 
to i^ashville, and camped at that place. This march was 
remarkable for the suffering of the men for want of food and 
shoes, which articles could not be procured for them. 

On the fourteenth day of March, 1862, Colonel Miller was 
detached from his brigade, by order of Major General Buell, 
and assigned, much against his will, to the command of the 
convalescent barracks and camps at Nashville, a position 
requiring, in no small degree, the exercise of those adminis- 
trative abilities, the capacity for organization, and the main- 
tai nance of strict discipline which the Colonel so eminently 
possesses. 

On the twenty-seventh of June, 1862, Colonel Miller sue- 



GENERAL JOHN F. MILLER. 15 

ceeded General Dumont in the command of the post at !N"ash- 
ville, and the district embracing the approaches to the city; 
the troops at his disposal varying in number from two thou- 
sand to seven thousand men. At this time the safety of the 
city was threatened by the forces of Morgan, Stearns, and 
numerous other predatory guerrilla band's, who infested the 
neighboring country, and who hoped, in conjunction with 
the rebel citizens of Nashville, to easily overcome the slender 
garrison assembled wuthin its fortifications. But they had 
vastly underrated the resources and the resolution of the 
commander of the beleaguered place, who, posting his artil- 
lery in a commanding position, coolly gave the rebel inhabi- 
tants warning that he would level the city with the ground 
on the first intimation of an attack or revolt. This exhibi- 
tion of determination had its due eflect, and the assault was 
never made. 

It soon became apparent, not only to the military authori- 
ties, but to the citizens, that Colonel Miller possessed quali- 
ties of the highest order as a post commandant — maintaining 
strict discipline among his troops; ever w^atehful and on the 
alert against an attack or surprise; firm, unyielding and un- 
sympathising with citizens of secession proclivities, and 
untiring in his efforts to crush the rebellion ; but never allow- 
ing his loyalty to run away with his discretion or good man- 
ners; accepting no proffered rebel hospitalities, yet affable, 
courteous and gentlemanly to all; his administration may be 
favorably contrasted with either rude, blustering, injudicious 
blundering, or on the other hand, sycophantic cringing to 
southern wealth and aristocracy ; which extremes have unhap- 
pily but too often characterized the policy of many of our 
army officers in the South. 

On the night of August fifteenth, 1862, Colonel Miller sal- 
lied forth with fifteen hundred infantry, and four pieces of 
artillery, with the intention of attacking the guerrilla Mor- 
gan at Gallatin, twenty-six miles north of J^ashville. The 
rebels however, had heard of his approach, and left the town 
at daybreak. Colonel Miller arriving there just in time to 
attack their rear, killing six of them, and hastening the flight 
of tho remainder. Pursuit with infantry being useless, as 



16 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH. 

Morgan's racn wcro mounted, Colonel Miller commenced 
loading liis artillery on the ruilroud train, preparatory to 
starting back, when Morgan, conlident in his superior num- 
bers, returned and charged on the train, hoping to capture 
the artillery. A severe skirmish ensued, in which the rebels 
were beaten off, and again put to flight, with a loss of seven- 
teen killed and many wounded; Colonel Miller losing but 
two men. 

The fortifications now surrounding Nashville, w^ere com- 
menced during the administration of Colonel Miller, and most 
of the labor on them was performed by negroes, impressed. 
from rebel slaveholders by his orders. In the latter part of 
August, 1862, Colonel Miller was succeeded by Major Gene- 
ral Rousseau, and ordered by General Buell to proceed to 
Murfrcesboro', and assume command of a brigade. 

Colonel Miller left Nashville on the thirty-first of August, 
and on his arrival at Murfrcesboro', at once proceeded to 
organize the new command to which he had been assigned, 
which was known as the "Light Brigade," and consisted of 
five regiments of cavalry, two regiments of infantry, and a 
battery of artillery. Colonel Miller had instructions to ope- 
rate, at his discretion, against the enemy's cavalry generally, 
and more especially against the forces under Morgan and 
Forrest; the command to leave all baggage and camp equip- 
age behind them, and to subsist as far as practicable, on the 
country, each infantry regiment being supplied with forty 
wagons, in which the troops were to ride, in order not to retard 
the movements of the.cavalry and artillery; in short, he had 
a regular roving commission. This organization under such 
a leader as Colonel Miller, would doubtless have accomplished 
even greater results than were expected from it; but, unfortu- 
nately for these expectations. General Buell commenced his fa- 
mous retrogade movement into Kentucky a few days after- 
wards, and, as he needed all his cavalry for other purposes, 
the Light Brigade was broken up almost as soon as formed, 
and Colonel Miller ordered to take command of the Seventh 
Brigade, General Negley's Division, then at ISTashville. 

The Colonel assumed command of the Seventh Brigade, 
Eighth Division, on the seventh day of September, 1862. 



GENERAL JOHN F. MILLER. 17 

This command varied in strength during its stay in Nash- 
ville from four to seven regiments. Shortly after General 
Buell marched into Kentucky, Nashville was again menaced 
by marauding bands of rebel guerrillas, who regularly invested 
the place, cut oft' all communication by railroad and telegraph, 
and declared the city in a state of siege. Provisions of all 
kinds became very scarce; wealthy citizens experienced great 
difiiculty in procuring the absolute necessaries of life; the 
troops were reduced to half rations, and were compelled to 
forage in the surrounding country for their support. The 
rebel cavalry swarmed around our outposts, harassing, driv- 
ing in, and sometimes capturing, our pickets; and the force 
accompanying foraging trains was consequently large, often- 
times amounting to half the strength of the garrison. Severe 
skirmishes ensued, in which the rebels were generally worsted, 
and sallies were made by the garrison whenever they could 
obtain informatioti as to the actual whereabouts of the enemy. 
The inhabitants of the district contiguous to the city, em- 
boldened by the success of Morgan, Forrest and others, and 
deeming the capture of Nashville a certainty, began to organ- 
ize into similar bands for the purpose of attacking foraging 
trains, burning railroad bridges, preventing market people 
from bringing in supplies, and committing all kinds of out- 
rages in the name of the Southern Confederacy, such as steal- 
ing horses, robbing travellers of tlieir watches and money, 
and conscripting Union men for the southern army. Among 
others, a notorious rebel. Colonel Bennett, of Gallatin, had 
formed a camp of this description about thirteen miles from 
the city. 

At one o'clock on the morning of October first, 1862, 
(when Bennett had collected between four and five hundred 
men). Colonel Miller marched with a part of his command to 
attack them. He came upon their camp at daylight, com- 
pletely surprising the rebels, and utterly routing them, with- 
out losing a man of his own forces. The flight of the rebels 
was a headlong one, ajid their various paths through the 
woods were strewn with hafs, guns, pistols, and every descrip- 
tion of arms, clothing and equipments, the chase being kept 
up for three miles. The rebel loss on this occasion was forty 
Vol. II.~2. 



18 Blor.UAIMUCAL SKETCH. 

killed, and a large miniber of woiuidi'd iind prisoners, includ- 
ing Colonel I'ennett, wlio was mortally wonnded. Colonel 
Miller returned to Nashville in triiiinpli, bringing in a largo 
lot of liorses, slieep and cattle. This expedition was planned 
and executed with great skill, and exerted a salutary influence 
upon the citizens of the surrounding country. 

The next demonstration made h}' the Colonel against the 
enemy met with great success, and was even more imiiortant 
in its results. 

The rebel General S. K. Anderson, with some three thousand 
confederate troops (magnified by rumor to ten thousand), occu- 
pied Lavergne, a small hamlet fifteen miles south of Xashville. 
On the night of the sixth of October, I>rigadier General 
Palmer, with a force of cavalry and artillery, left the city on 
the road leading directly to Lavergne, with the view of en- 
gaging the enemy's attention in their' front, while Colonel 
Miller, with about two thousand infantry, by taking a cir- 
cuitous course, should make the real attack u[)on the enemy's 
flank and rear. Colonel Miller started from Nashville about 
ten o'clock, p. m., on the Nolensvillc pike, and was frequently 
tired upon on the route by the enemy's pickets, several of 
whom were captured. After marching about ten miles, his 
command left the pike, and struck off through the woods and 
fields so as to enter Lavergne on the west side of the town. 
The time dgreed upon for the attack was four o'clock, a. m., 
and the whole aftair came near being a failure through the 
precipitancy of General Palmer, who arrived at Lavergne, 
and commenced a demonstration on the enemy's front at 
three and a half o'clock, The rebels under command of 
General Anderson opened fire upon General Palmer, and at- 
tempted to flank him by throwing the Thirty-Second Ala- 
bama regiment on his right ; in which movement they would 
doubtless have succeeded, to the serious detriment of General 
Palmer, had not Colonel Miller just then opportunely arrived 
with his force, consisting of the Seventy-Eighth Pennsylva- 
nia, Twenty-First Ohio, Eighteenth Ohio, and Fourteenth 
Michigan volunteers, which the Colonel immediately disposed 
along the left flank of the enemy, who, soon perceiving how 
martors stood, endeavored to cut thcit- way through the troops 



GENERAL JOHN F. MILLER. 19 

of Colonel Miller. The rebel cavalry dashed with great force 
upon his lines, but were met by a succession of volleys of 
musketry that quickly repulsed them. From one end of the 
line to the other blazed forth a sheet of fire before which the 
rebels reeled in their saddles, fell back in disorder, and then 
betook themselves to headlong flight. The Thirty-Second 
Alabama soon threw down their arms and either surrendered 
or fled. Colonel Miller then deplo}' ed his command in order 
to search the woods and bring in such prisoners as could be 
overtaken. The rebel loss at Lavergne was forty-six killed, 
about eighty wounded, and between three and four hundred 
prisoners, including two Colonels and a large number of line 
ofiicers. General Anderson fled precipitately at the first fire 
of our forces. The rebels had but one piece of artillery 
which was captured. Their entire camp equipage, stores, 
arms and ammunition, fell into our hands and were taken to 
jN^ashville. Our loss was but four killed, and seven wounded 
and missing. Among the spoils of this victory were a regi- 
men ral stand of colors, belonging to the Thirty-Second Ala- 
bama, fifty-six wagon loads of flour, and a large lot of bacon, 
beef cattle, and horses. The gallantry and coolness of Colo- 
nel Miller in this affair were conspicuous and highly spoken 
of by all. He took the lead of his troops from the time of 
leaving Nashville, and kept it throughout, being himself the 
first man of our forces in Lavergne. 

On the night of Sunday, October nineteenth, 1862, infor- 
mation was received in Xashville that the rebel General For- 
rest, with a large force of cavalry and artillery, had com- 
menced crossing the Cumberland river, and that his advance, 
about one thousand strong,, had encamped at ITeeley's Bend, 
seven miles north of Xashville. Colonel Miller immediately 
started with a detachment of infantry, a battery, and one 
regiment of cavalry, to intercept the rebels. They were 
attacked by the Colonel at daylight next morning, and were 
soon routed and driven in the utmost confusion across the 
river. In their consternation they lost one of their cannon 
overboard from a flatboat in recrossing, and the pathway of 
their flight was strewn with arms, clothing and knapsacks. 
There were but few killed and wouuded, \>\\t a number of 



20 DIOUKAI'UICAL SKETCH. 

priaoucra were taken, inehnJing a Colonel. The whole of the 
eneniy'rt ads'ance would have been eaptured en masse, had it 
not been for the unaceountable tardiness of the cavalry, who 
were ordered by Colonel Miller to gain the ford in the rear 
of the rebels, and thus cut oft' their only path of retreat, but 
who did not arrive at their destination until the panic-stricken 
enemy had recrossed the river. 

On the tenth of December, 1862, Colonel Miller and his com- 
mand left Nashville, with the center corps of the Army of the 
Cumberland, and encamped six miles from the city, on the 
Franklin pike, remaining there several weeks, nothing occur- 
ring to relieve the monotony of camp life but an occasional 
foraging expedition, skirmish, or reconnoissance. On Friday, 
December twenty-sixth, the Seventh Brigade left Camp Ham- 
ilton with the remainder of General Negley's division, and 
marched by a circuitous course to Nolensville, where they 
camped for the night, arriving there too late to participate in 
the skirmish between the forces of Generals McCook and 
Hardee. On Saturday, December twenty-seventh, the march 
was resumed to Stewartsboro', twelve miles from Murfrees- 
boro'. where the troops lay in the woods over Sunday, start- 
ing again on Monday, December twenty-ninth, skirmishing 
with, and driving in, the enemy's pickets, and arriving, with 
the whole army, in front of Murfreesboro' in the evening 
The general events of the battle of Murfreesboro' or Stone's 
river, are now a matter of history, and are familiar to the 
American public, and it is only necessary therefore, to recount 
the important part taken in that great struggle, by the sub- 
ject of the present sketch. The command of Colonel Miller 
rested on their arms for the night, in a field to the right of 
the Nashville pike, and at daylight on the morning of Decem- 
ber thirtieth, took position on the right of General Palmer's 
division, in the edge of a dense cedar wood fronting to the 
south. Colonel Miller then deployed skirmishers in his front, 
across and to the left of the Wilkinson pike, to act in con- 
junction with the skirmishers from Colonel Stanley's bri- 
gade on his right. A brisk fire was kept up all the morning 
between the skirmishers and the enemy's sharpshooters in 
the field and the woods in front, until the arrival of General 



GENERAL JOHN F. MILLEK. 21 

Sheridan's division on the right, when the ski rniisliers were 
withdrawn. During the day General McCook's corps ad- 
vanced on Colonel Miller's right, and a change of front to 
the left was made by him. The main force of the enemy had 
rcnjained quiet, behind his entrenchments, which were plainly 
visible in tlie field in front of Colonel Miller's position, and 
had kept a battery in position at his works all day without 
tiring; the batteries of Colonel Miller firing an occasional 
shot at the enemy without eliciting reply. Colonel Miller 
lost only about twenty men killed and wounded during the 
da}'. Skirmishers were kept out well to the front during the 
night, and two regiments and the batteries posted in the open 
field. On the morning of the thirty-first, skirmishing was 
resumed along the line of Colonel Miller, and very heavy 
firing was heard on his right along the line of General Mc- 
Cook. The firing on the right gradually increased, and 
neared the position of Col. Miller, until a continuous roar of 
artillery and musketry was heard in his rear, and numerous 
heavy columns of the enemy were advancing on his right 
and front, threatening to overwhelm his gallant brigade 
by sheer force of numbers and weight. It then became 
apparent to all that the right wing of the army had been 
defeated, and were falling back before the rebels, -who, infu- 
riated and flushed by success, now menaced the command of 
our brave Colonel with instant annihilation. At this time 
Colonel Miller received orders to ''hold his position to the 
last extremity !" For this purpose he executed rapidly a 
partial change of front, and placed his troops in convex 
order; the Seventy-Eighth Pennsylvania volunteers on the 
right, the Thirty-Seventh Indiana volunteers on the right- 
center, the Seventy-Fourth Ohio on the left-center, and the 
Twenty-First Ohio volunteers on the left; Captain Marshall's 
battery being posted on the left of the Seventy-fourth Ohio, 
and Lieutenant Ellsworth's battery on the left of the Twenty- 
First Ohio volunteers, having in his rear a dense wood of 
cedars. Simultaneously with the advance of the enemy on 
his right, a heavy force advanced on his left wing from the 
enemy's works; the rebel batteries were manned, and a most 
terrific fire was opened upon every part of Colonel Miller's 



22 BlUiJUAl'IIK.'AL SKETCH, 

lino; but there was lu) wavering there, and as the dense masses 
of the enemy approadied, they were met by a well directed 
and terribly destructive lire from the Colonel's line; the but- 
teries being worked with admirable rajiidity and skill, and the 
firing of the- ranks executed with clockwork precision, the men 
closing up the gaps made by the enemy with a cheerful alac- 
rity that told of a settled j»nr[)()se to "conquer or die." At 
this time Colonel Miller was severely wounded by a rifle ball, 
the shot just missing the jugular vein, and passing througl) 
his neck; but, though the injury was of the most painful 
nature, he flinched not for a moment, but, wrap{>ing a scarf 
around his neck, rode along the line amidst a shower of sliot 
and shell, delivering his orders and cheerfully encourtiging 
his brave men, who were not aware that their gallant leader 
was wounded. Checked by the withering fire from Colonel 
Miller's brigade, the advancing enemy halted. The roar of 
artillery and musketry now became almost deafening, and 
more terrible as the unequal struggle progressed. Once the 
strong force in the open field attempted a bayonet charge 
upon the Colonel's left wing, but were gallantly met and 
repulsed with great slaughter. The battle continued with 
unabated fierceness on both sides until the sixty rounds ot 
ammunition with which the Colonel's men were supi)lied 
were nearly exhausted. The teamsters of the ammunition 
wagons had moved to the rear, and when ammunition should 
have been brought forward they turned and fled. At this 
juncture the troops on Colonel Miller's right retired; and 
soon after a heavy force advanced on General Palmer's divis- 
ion, immediately to the left of Colonel Miller's brigade, and 
a hard contest ensued. General Palmer's right brigade hold 
their ground for a short time, and then began to retire, leav- 
ing Colonel Miller's left flank and rear entirely uncovered. 
Just at this time the Colonel received orders to retire slowly 
with his command into the woods. His troops were then 
nearly out of ammunition, and would have been entirely so 
had they not obtained a small supply from the cartridge 
boxes of the dead and wounded; the enemy were advancing 
on both his right and left flanks, and the fire in front was as 
destructive as ever. The movement was executed in good 



GENERAL JOHN F. MILLER. 23 

order, and on reaching the wood, Colonel Miller halted and 
delivered several well directed volleys into the enemy's ranks, 
then crossing the open field over which the Colonel liud 
retreated, checking the 'advance of tiie enemy for a short 
time, and strewing the ground with his dead. Being closel}' 
pressed on both flanks, and receiving fire from three direc- 
tions. Colonel Miller again retired his command, the men 
loading while marching, and firing to the rear as rapidly aa 
possible, retreating in a north-east direction towards the 
Nashville pike. While in the wood, being closely pressed by 
an overwhelming column iii his rear, the enemy in strong 
force was encountered on the line of retreat, when still an- 
other destructive fire was opened upon Colonel Miller's bri- 
gade, which obliged them to turn to the right. The men did 
not run, though they were falling fast, but marched to the 
pike, carrying with them many of their wounded comrades. 
Here they were halted by Colonel Miller, who reformed his 
fearfully weakened line, and obtained a fresh supply of am- 
munition. 

During this entire engagement, and under all these terribly 
appalling circumstances. Colonel Miller displayed the most 
admirable coolness and bravery, setting an example of heroic 
daring and cool courage that has seldom been equalled, never 
surpassed, and could not but find a response in the hearts of 
his gallant men. Though severely wounded he persisted in 
remaining on the field, despite the remonstrances of the sur- 
geon; and had his resistance to the enemy been less obstinate, 
and had they succeeded in forcing a passage through his 
lines, the w^hole right wing of the army, which had been 
driven back, would thus have been cut ott' from all support, 
and either captured or dispersed; but they were enabled by 
the fierce, protracted, and gallant struggle of Colonel Miller, 
to gain the rear of the army and there reform their shattered 
lines. 

On the evening of the thirty-first. Colonel Miller was or- 
dered to the support of some batteries on the Nashville pike, 
where he remained until next day, when he took a position 
as reserve to General Haskall's division, and afterwards sup- 
ported the right of General McCook's corps, remaining all 



24 DIOORAPIIICAL SKKTCH. 

iiiu^lit. ill the ojHii lieiil. On the second of Jannury, 18G8, he 
wuH ordered to the support of General Crittenden's corps, on 
the left, and took position as ordered in a field, in the rear of 
a battery on the left of the railroad, and near the bank of 
Stone's river. About four o'clock, p. m., a furious attack was 
made by the enemy on General Van Cleve's division, then 
across Stone's river, who returned the fire with spirit for a 
time, but finally retired across the river, and retreated 
tlirough the lines of Colonel Miller, then formed near the 
banks, and partly concealed behind the crest of a small hill. 
As soon as the men of General Van Clove's division had 
retired entirely from his front. Colonel Miller ordered his 
oommand forward, and advanced under cover of the hill, 
along the river bank. The enemy advanced rapidly, follow- 
ing Van Cleve's division, and gained the bank of the river 
opposite to Colonel Miller, in the meantime firing rapidly at 
his line, when the Colonel opened the fire from the crest of 
the hill, causing the enemy to halt and waver. lie then 
ordered his troops forward to a rail fence on tlie bank of the 
I'iver, where another heavy fire was directed from the rebels 
with great efi'ect. who, although in vastly superior force, and 
supported by two batteries on the hill in their rear, began to 
retreat. Deeming this an opportune moment for crossing 
the river, Colonel Miller followed up his success, and ordered 
his troops to charge over the stream, which they did with 
ffreat gallantry, under a heav}- fire from the front and right 
flank. AVhile the Colonel's command was crossing, and the 
enemy were retreating, a stafl" officer informed him that it 
was General Palmer's order "that the troops should not 
cross." Colonel Miller, however, did cross, and poured a 
heavy fire into the retreating rebel columns, pressing close on 
their flying heels, and at the same time repelling an attack 
made upon his right flank. Soon after Colonel Miller re- 
ceived another order, purporting to come from General 
Palmer, "to recross the river," but as he was doing very 
well, and had no inclination to turn back, the Colonel ordered 
another charge upon tlie infantry supporting the enemy's 
batteries, which, posted on an eminence in the woods near a 
corn field, had all the time kept up a severe tire on the 



GENEKAL JOHN F. MILLER. 25 

Colonel's lines. The enemy's infantry retreated in great dis- 
order before his victorious advance, leaving the ground 
covered with dead and wounded, and when within about one 
hundred and fifty yards of the first battery, Colonel Miller 
led in person still another bayonet charge upon the batter}-, 
swinging his hat in air, and followed by his gallant men, who 
rushed up to the very mouths of the blazing cannon, hurling 
themselves with irresistible force against the rebel foe, bay- 
oneting the gunners at their pieces, and putting the support 
of the battery to flight. The battery, consisting of four guns, 
know*n as the "White Horse Washington Battery," from the 
city of I^ew Orleans, and the stand of rebel colors belonging 
to the Twenty-Sixth Rebel Tennessee, were captured and 
carried oflTthe field by the troops under his command. Col- 
onel Miller then maintained his ground until the enemy had 
retired entirely from sight, and he was relieved by other 
troops, when he recrossed the river, reformed his lines, and 
obtained a fresh supply of ammunition. 

It is now generalh- conceded by most military men that 
this bold and dashing bayonet charge into the very heart of 
the enemy's lines, which was conceived, ordered and led by 
Colonel Miller, and carried into execution solely upon his 
own responsibility, was the great event of the battle, and 
tended, perhaps, more than any other, to dishearten the ene- 
my, and to crown our standards with another glorious vic- 
tor\'. Too much can not be said of the skill and ability, or 
the distinguished bravery of the Colonel in this bloody bat- 
tle, nor of the gallantry of his veteran troops. These quali- 
ties were recognized and appreciated by the commander-in- 
chief. General Rosecrans, who awarded the post of honor to 
the Seventh Brigade in being the first to enter Murfreesboro', 
and telegraphed to the President from the field of battle, 
recommending Colonel Miller's promotion for "gallantry on 
the field." The loss of the Seventh Brigade in this battle 
was six hundred and forty-nine killed and wounded, or one- 
third of the whole number engaged. 

Space will not admit of a detailed account of the further 
services of this distinguished Indianian. After the battle at 
Murfreesboro', he was assigned to the command of Brigadier 



20 I^TOnUAPHTCAL SKKTOIt. 

(ioncral J(ilui?on\s division in MoCook^s corps, and was en- 
gaged ii: several severe battles and skirmishes. At Liberty 
Gap, on the advance to Tallahoma, he vs^as severely wounded, 
losing his left eye, and was carried ott' the field. Afterwards 
he returned to Nashville, and again commanded that post. 
Later he was assigned to the District of Mobile, and is now 
Collector of the Port of San Francisco, California. He was 
promoted to Brigadier General January, 1864, and afterwards 
Breveted Major General of Volunteers. 

But few officers have been so fortunate in securing at once 
the love, respect and confidence of their troops, as General 
Miller, and history, which sooner or later awards justice to 
all men, will wreathe around his gallant deeds in this great 
struggle for freedom and nationality, an immortal halo of 
renown. 



EEGIMENTAL HISTOM. 



CHAPTER II. 



SEVENTY-THIRD REGIMENT. 



The patriotism of the people was strikingly illustrated by 
their prompt response to the call of the President for new 
levies in the summer of 1862. The outburst of enthusiasm, 
and the general rush to arms at that time, were certainly 
unequaled at any other period of the war. A camp was 
established at South Bend, and Gilbert Hathaway, an emi- 
nent lawyer of Laporte, placed in command. In less than 
two months three full regiments, representing the Ninth 
Congressional District, were organized in this camp. The 
first of these, the Seventy-Third, was recruited, organized 
and mustered into the service of the United States, in less 
than two weeks from the date of the call for troops. The 
following is the roster: 

Field and Staff Officers. — Colonel, Gilbert Hathaway, La- 
porte; Lieutenant-Colonel, O. H. P. Bailej^ Plymouth; Ma- 
jor, William Kimball, Lake county; Adjutant, Alfred B. 
Wade; Regimental Qurtermaster, Edward Bacon, South 
Bend; Surgeon, Robert Spencer, Monticello; Assistant Sur- 
geon, Wm. H. Benton, Peru. 

Company A. — Captain, Richard W. Price, Lake county; 
First Iiieutenant, Philip Reid ; Lake county; Second Lieu- 
tenant, Alfred Fry, Lake county. 

(27) 



28 lU;(;i.MKNTAL llkSToUY. 

Coininiiiij B. — C'juitain, George C Gladwyn, ]ja|iorte coun- 
ty; First Jjiciitc'iiaiit, Tlicrdick F. C). Dodd, J>aporte county; 
Second Lieutenant, Jo.seph llagenbnck, Laporte county. 

Coinpamj C — Captain, Cliarles W. Trice, ISouth Bend; 
First Lieutenant, John A. liiclilcy. South J5end; Second Lieu- 
tenant, John G. Greenawalt,* South Lend. 

Company JJ. — Captain, William M. Kendall, Plymouth; 
First Lieutenant, John II. Reeber, Plymouth; Second Lieu- 
tenant, Williaru T. Grimes, IMymouth. 

Company E. — Captain Hiram Green, Porter county; First 
Lieutenant, Gerrett G. Leeger, Porter county ; Second Lieu- 
tenant. Henry IL Tillottson, Porter county. 

Company F. — Captain, Miles H. Tibbitts, Plymouth; First 
Lieutenant, Samuel Wolf, Plymouth; Second Lieutenant, 
Matthew Boyd, Plymouth. 

Company G. — Captain, William L. McConnell, Logansport; 
First Lieutenant, Joseph A. Westlake, Logansport; Second 
Lieutenant, Robert C. Connolly, Logansport. 

Company H. — Captain, Peter Boyle, Logansport; First 
Lieutenant, Baniel II. Mull, Logansport; Second Lieutenant, 
Andrew M. Callahan, Logansport. 

Company I. — Captain, liollan M. Pratt, Valparaiso; First 
Lieutenant, liqbert W. Graham, Valparaiso; Second Lieu- 
tenant, Emanuel Williamson, Valparaiso. 

Company K. — Captain, Ivin N. Walker, South Bend; First 
Lieutenant, Ithamer D. Phelps, South Bend; Second Lieu- 
tenant, John Butterlield, South Bend. 

The rebel Generals Bragg and Kirby Smith were then 
invading Kentucky. Kirby Smith was threatening Lexing- 
ton. The Seventy-Third proceeded towards that point. On 
the twenty-ninth of August, a battle took place, at Rich- 
mond, Ky., which resulted in the defeat of the Federal troops. 
The Seventy-Third at once marched to the relief of the Union 
forces. All night long the column pressed onward, enveloped 
in suffocating clouds of dust, its march impeded by trains of 
wagons, stragglers, and all the debris of a retreating army; 
at daylight the regiment reached the Kentucky river. Here 
it became evident that the whole army was falling back, and 
the Seventy-Third countermarched to Lexington. 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 29 

On the thirtieth of August preparations were made to 
resist the further advance of the rebel forces. It was, how- 
ever, determined by the general in command to fall back to 
Louisville. Great dissatisfaction was felt at the order. Like 
all new troops they were ready to fight, but, like good sol- 
diers, they obeyed orders. Under the scorching rays of a 
September sun, amid the heavy dews of the cold nights, chafed 
in spirit, unused to hard, forced marches, destitute of food 
and water, they toiled on, many sank with fatigue by the 
way. At Frankfort and Shelby vi lie, the Union women gave 
them refreshments; but these were the only oases through 
which they passed in the rebellious desert of Kentucky. On 
the fifth day they arrived at Louisville, having marched ninety 
miles. That first march will ever be remembered by the 
members of the regiment. The sick and those who gave out 
by the way, were captured by the enemy. One man, John 
Rolfe Uptogrove, Co. A., left sick at Lexington, saw the 
rebels occupy that city. He was secreted in the house of a 
l7nion citizen, but the search for Federal soldiers was so 
thorough that he was compelled to disguise himself as a citi- 
joen, and boldly walking into the street, he mingled with the 
rebel oflBcers, took dinner at the hotel with Kirby Smith, and, 
eluding the rebel pickets at night, made his escape on foot to 
Cincinnati. He has since been promoted to a lieutenantcy. 

The regiment was now in camp near Louisville, where 
troops were being concentrated to oppose the advance of the 
rebel General Bragg. It often changed camp, and finally 
removed to the suburbs of the city, and aided in throwing up 
fortifications. Soon, however, Buell's army of veterans ar- 
rived, and our forces assumed the offensive. The rebel Gen. 
Bragg, fearing to risk an engagement, commenced his re- 
treat. 

The regiment was assigned to Harker's Twentieth Brigade, 
Wood's Sixth Division, and on the first of October, the mag- 
nificent army of General Buell marched out of Louisville, in 
pursuit of the retreating troops of Gen. Bragg. The cam- 
paign of the rebel General so far had been nothing but a 
g-igantic raid. With the exception of capturing Col. Wilder's 
troops, by his overpowering numbers, at Mumfordsville, he had 



30 RKQIMENTAL IflSTORY. 

made no attack lipon a fortified post. Tie liad been daunted 
by tlie iirninoss of Gov. Andrew Johnson, at Nashville, and 
declined attacking tliat position. His whole object seemed to 
be liow to remove his plunder from Kentucky as rapidly as 
he had invaded tliat State. This our gallant corps com- 
mander was not disposed to permit. lie pushed the enemy 
so closel}^ as to bring him to bay at Perrysville. The regiment 
was only a silent witness of that battle. Arriving near the 
field at three o'clock, P. M., it was deployed in line, and, with 
skirmishers out, advanced directly upon the left flank of the 
enemy. To have struck him then and there, the Kentucky 
invasion might have ended in utter disaster to the enemy. 
But the order came to halt, and lie down with their arms, 
and they were compelled in idleness to witness McCook's 
corps struggling with an enemy who greatl}' outnumbered 
them. One man from the regiment, detached on artillery 
duty was killed. The rebel army retreated during the night, 
leaving their dead on the field. The pursuit was at once 
commenced, but was not vigorously continued. The rear 
guard of the rebel forces having obstructed the mountain 
roads of liock Castle county, Ky., it was soon ascertained 
that pursuit was useless, and the army of Gen. Buell, after a 
brief rest, retraced their steps to Stamford, and from thence 
by rapid marches to Glasgow, Ky. Here it was announced 
that Gen. Buell had been removed, and (jlcn. Bosecrans ap- 
pointed in his stead. 

On the fourth of November, the camp was broken up at 
Glasgow, and the Sixth division pushed southward, crossed 
the Tennessee State line during a snow storm, and, on the 
night of November seventh, made a forced march for the pur- 
pose of surprising the enemy at Gallatin. At daylight the 
brigade was deployed to the right of the town, and advancing 
at a rapid pace, compelled the enem}'- in haste to vacate their 
camps. Nineteen rebel prisoners were captured in this affair. 
On the tenth of the same month the Cumberland river was 
crossed by means of a foot bridge built by the troops. A 
camp was located at Silver Springs. While stationed at this 
point an expedition, of which this regiment formed a part, 
was sent to Lebanon, Ky. A rapid and fatiguing march was 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 81 

made in one day, to and from that point, and the troops were 
highly complimented by Gen. Wood, for their soldierly con- 
duet during the march. 

Camp Silver Springs proved to be an extremely unhealthy 
place. Col. Hathaway made every exertion to improve the 
health and comfort of his men, but no exertion or precaution 
could prevent an increase of the sick list. A number of 
deaths occurred. On the nineteenth, the camp was removed 
to Spring Place, and on the twenty-sixth of November, the 
regiment marched to Nashville, and took position between 
the Murfreesboro and Nolinsville pikes. 

The rebel Gen. Bragg's army had concentrated, and was 
confronting our forces at Murfreesboro. Gen. Rosecrans was 
quietly collecting and organizing the Army of the Cumber- 
land, for an offensive campaign. The time was devoted to 
drill, agreeably interspersed with foraging forays, which gave 
zest and excitement to the men, and relieved the monotony 
of camp life. Col. Hathaway took charge of one of these 
parties on the first of December, and the regiment, for the 
first time, had a skirmish with the enemy. This occurred at 
Mill Creek, on the Nolinsville pike. The spirit with which 
the men entered into this skirmish augured well' for their 
conduct in the coming campaign. Another skirmish took 
place with the enemy's cavalry, on the twenty-sixth, result- 
ing in some loss on both sides. 

On December twenty-sixth, the Army of the Cumberland 
moved upon the several roads leading south from Nashville. 
Crittenden's corps, to which the Twentieth brigade was at- 
tached, marched on the Murfreesboro' pike. The enemy's 
outposts were easily driven back, and the corps camped that 
night near Lavergue, fifteen miles from Nashville. On the 
twenty-seventh, an ofiicer of the brigade was wounded by the 
enemy's skirmishers, who were in the immediate front, anti 
occupied the village of Lavergne. They were driven back, 
however, after a sharp skirmish, and the regiment deployed 
on the first line left of the pike, and, with skirmishers well 
out, continued the march to Stewart's creek. A force of 
rebels were found at this point, but were soon driven by the 
skirniisli Hue, and the troops went into camp, remaining there 



82 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

during the next day. Ro precipitately liad the enemy, on the 
approach of our forces, fallen ]>ack i'rvux this jxtint, that one 
company eac'n from the Fifty-P^'irst and Sevcnty-'i'iiird regi- 
ments, gatiiered as spoils from the deserted camps, over one 
hundred sabres and other arms. 

On the twenty-ninth the march was resumed, tlie regiment 
fltill in front and on the left of the pike, marched by tlie right 
of companies to the front, with skirmishers out, who, with 
the ai^sistancc of artillery, steadily pushed back the rel)cl cav- 
alry which were hovering in the fi'ont. J^ate in the afternoon 
Crittenden's corps reached Stone's river. The enemy were 
found here in force, but, on the sujipositicjn that they were 
preparing to fall back, the order was given to the Twentieth 
brigade, "Forward to Murfreesboro," and the men dashed on 
the double-quick, for the ford. The Fifty-First and Soventy- 
Tliird jointly claim the honor of being the first regiments to 
cross Stone's river. The enemy's skirmishers met them with a 
rolling fire of musketry, but they rushed across, inmiediately 
re-formed, and drove the rebels back several hundred yards. 
It was now discovered that Bragg meant to give battle with 
his whole army at this point.. The strong division of Breck- 
inridge was found to be in the immediate front of the Twen- 
tieth brigade. The position was perilous in tlie extreme, and 
tiiey could not hope for support from the rest of the corps, 
which remained on the north side of the river. Fixing bay- 
onets, they quietly lay down as commanded, expecting that 
the whole force of the eneni}' would be hurled upon them. 
l>ut the audacity of the movement bewildered the rebels, who 
remained in their entrenchments. The rebel officers were dis- 
tinctly heard trying to inspirit their men to repel the attack 
which tlaey momentarily feared. Taking advantage of this, 
the troops were quietly withdrawn and recrossed the river. 
The regiment lost but one man in this daring movement. 
Chagrined at our escape, the enemy, next morning, opened a 
spiteful fire upon our lines. The fighting during the day, 
however, was confined to the artillery and skirmishers. 

Early on the morning of December thirty-first, prepara- 
tions for a general advance were being rapidly made. It was 
the plan of General Rosecrans that the left wing, (Critten- 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 33 

den's corps,) should swing round and occupy Murfreesboro, 
while the right was to remain stationary and hold the enemy 
at bay. The Seventy-Third, although much reduced by sick- 
ness and details, numbering only two hundred and ninety men, 
was anxious for the fight. Sixty rounds of ammunition were 
being distributed, when the battle commenced on the right. 
First came the sharp fire of skirmishers, then the roar of artil- 
lery, then steady roll of musketry, reverberating without cessa- 
tion for hours. Bragg had concentrated his troops on our 
right and was making a gigantic effort to break our lines at 
that point. Confused movements of troops in our center be- 
tokened something wrong, and soon it was explained by an 
aid from Rosecrans to Harker, ordering his brigade to push 
at once on the double-quick to the right, and at all hazards 
to check the enemy, who, having broken our right Aving, 
was fast gaining a position which seriously endangered the 
whole army. After a quick march of a mile and a half and 
panting with exertion, the brigade took position on the ex- 
treme right of the whole army. A short rest and the troops 
cautiously advanced through the cedar thickets, to find the 
enemy. Emerging from the cedars and entering a neck of 
woods the advance struck him in force and at close rano^e. 
In an instant the woods raged with furious fight. Shot, 
shell, grape and minnie ball tore the cedars. The cheers 
of the charging troops were mingled with the groans of the 
wounded and dying. The Sixty-Fifth Ohio in the advance 
fought bravely and well, but alas, in a few minutes their 
ranks were shattered by the overpowering force of the enemy, 
and they w^ere forced back over the Seventy-Third Indiana, 
which according to orders was lying down to avoid the fire 
and to act as a support. The regiment was armed with 
smooth-bore muskets, carrying a ball and three buck shot, a 
very destructive weapon at close range. The rebels, seeing 
a portion of our troops in full retreat, and supposing that 
nothing was left to oppose them, came on with renewed vigor, 
sending forth their hideous yells. The Seventy-Third waited 
patiently until the last man of the retreating force had passed 
through their ranks, and then rising, confronted the confident 
rebel column with a line of steel, and poured a withering vol- 
VoL. II.— 3. 



34 REGIMENTAL IIISTOKY. 

ley into their very laces, terribly thinning their ranks. But 
the rebels were too numerous and conlident to be daunted by 
one fire. On they came, cliarging, yelling and lireing, volley 
followed volley iu deadly chorus. The buck and ball were 
doing their terrible work. The rebels were literally mowed 
as grass before the scythe. They who escaped, halted, wavered, 
and when the Seventy-Third charged, with a cheer, they sud- 
denly retired, contesting every foot of ground. Col. llatha- 
way's horse was shot early in the fight, but he, on foot, urged 
his men. Adjutant Wade was the only mounted officer left. 
All the others had their horses killed. Slowly, but surely the 
regiment alone pressed forward, for the brigade, with the ex- 
ception of one regiment, had been ordered back to a new po- 
sition far in the rear. Owing to the desperate fighting which 
was going on, this order had failed to reach the regiment, and 
it was gallantly pressing on, receiving and giving such blows 
as w^as seldom seen on the bloody field of Stone's river. The 
gallant Capt. Tibbetts, of Co. F, was killed. The fearless Capt. 
Doyle, mortally wounded. Dr. AVilliamson, Clark, and Key- 
nolds, wounded. Many a brave lad, who half an hour before 
had marched with bounding step, full of life and health, was 
now cold and dead, sad evidence of that short, deadly conflict. 
But they w^ere victorious, and the dead and dying were for- 
gotten in the exultation of the moment. They had pressed 
the sullen enemy back until he showed no line in their front, 
and only kept up a skirmishing fire from behind trees and 
such shelter as the ground afforded. Suddenly, however, 
there was developed upon their left flank four regimental 
lines of gray, bearing the hated stars and bars. Adjutant 
Wade first discovered them and at once communicated the 
intelligence to Col. Hathaway. They were clearly visible 
scarcely fifty 3'ards distant, and executing a rapid left wheel, 
which, soon as completed, would have enabled them to enfilade 
the whole line of the Seventy-Third. There was not time to 
change front. To remain was destruction. The regiment 
fell back at once, carrying their wounded, and rejoined the 
brigade. The loss of the regiment was one hundred and 
four out of two hundred and ninety who went into the fight, 
tw^enty-thrce were left dead upon the field. 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 85 

Many instances of personal bravery occurred, but unfortu- 
nately they have never been 4irnished for this sketch. Every 
member of the color guard, except the color bearer, was 
either killed or wounded. The heroic conduct of the regi- 
ment greatly tended to turn the tide of battle. The enemy's 
massed columns, which had surged and beat against our 
lines, and had steadily forced them back for two miles, were 
here effectually checked, and the hero, Eosecrans, was pleased 
to give in person that praise to the regiment which was so 
justly its due. The enemy was too badly punished to seek 
another conflict at this point, and at night the regiment re- 
sumed its original position on the left, which now became the 
center. 

At eight o'clock on the morning of January first, 1863, 
the enemy advanced on this position, but were soon driven 
back. He then opened a furious cannonade, whicli lasted 
several hours, but the troops were well protected and suffered 
little loss. On the second, twenty men from the regiment, 
with other skirmishers, made a gaUant charge and captured 
one line of entrenchments, losing one man killed. On the 
evening of the same day the brigade moved across Stone's 
river, the regiment taking position on the extreme left of the 
whole army. Here some skirmishing occurred, but the bri- 
gade was not actively engaged. 

It will thus be seen that during this memorable battle, 
which history ranks as one of the hardest contested of the 
war, the three most important positions of our line, viz : the 
extreme right flank, the center, and the extreme left flank, 
were at different times occupied by the Seventy-Third Indi- 
ana. The loss of the entire army — and every regiment was 
engaged — was twenty and one-half per cent. The loss of the 
regiment was thirty-six per cent., and in killed and wounded 
alone thirty per cent. 

On the fourth of January the enemy abondoned Murfrees- 
boro, and hastily fell back. The army of the Cumberland at 
once took possession. The regiment went into camp near 
the town, and during its stay there took part in the construc- 
tion of those splendid fortifications for which Murfreesboro 
is noted. 



86 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

An expedition was orgiinized to penetrate iar into the 
enemy's country, in the rear of Bragg's army, wliich was then 
lying at Tulhilioma, for tlie jjnrpose of cutting tlie main rail- 
road line in Georgia, which furnished liim with supplies. It 
was a liazardous undertaking. Four regiments of established 
reputation were selected for this work, viz: the Fifty-First 
and Seventy-Third Indiana, the Third Ohio, and the Eightieth 
Illinois. These were styled the Independent Provisional 
Brigade. The expedition, under command of Col. A. D. 
Streight, embarked at Kashville oti steamers, on the tenth 
of April, and landed at Palmyra, Tennessee. Here the work 
of mounting the brigade commenced. Several days were 
spent in collecting and breaking in such animals as the 
country afforded. The troops then marched to Fort Donel- 
Bou, and thence to Fort Henry, where they embarked and 
proceeded up the Tennessee river to Eastport, Mississippi. 
From this point they moved with Gen. Dodge's division to 
Tuscumbia, Alabama. By this time several regiments of the 
Provisional Brigade were mounted and equipped, and at 
midnight of April twenty-eighth, they started southward on 
their perilous expedition. At the same time General Dodge 
moved eastward with his division, to engage the encmj' and 
endeavor to prevent pursuit. In this General Dodge was 
unsuccessful. 

At Day's Gap, Alabama, on the thirtieth of April, Colonel 
Streight learned that the rebel Generals Forrest and Eoddy, 
with a combined force of four thousand cavalry, were closely 
following him. Although it was his policy to avoid fighting 
if possible, especially at such an early day, when at least five 
hundred miles of hostile territory were to be traversed before 
the object could be accomplished, and. our lines regained, yet 
there was no alternative, and preparation was at once made 
to receive the foe. Colonel Streight deployed his brigade, 
numbering only sixteen hundred men, in a well selected posi- 
tion, placing the Seventy-Third Indiana on the left flank. 
The pursuing forces came up rapidly and developed in his 
front. The nature of the ground was such that Forrest w^as 
compelled to place his artillery within less than three hun- 
dred yards of the Federal position. Nothing could have 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 37 

been more favorable to our success. Col. Streiglit prepared 
for a charge as soon as the enemy should open with his artil- 
lery. Riding along the line he notified the troops tliat a 
charge would be made, and the artillery captured. Before 
he could give the order, however, the rebel squadrons came 
charging fiercely upon his line. His troops firmly held their 
position, and sent withering volleys into the squadrons of the 
eneraj^'s cavalry. The foremost horsemen came within twenty 
feet of the colors of the Seventy-Third. It was their last 
charge, horse and rider went down to rise no more. The 
main column of the enemy still showed a bold front. A 
thousand Union rifles poured forth fire and lead and filled 
the air with sulphurous smoke. At the third volley the 
rebels halted, wavered, and then, with a ringing cheer, the 
"boys in blue" sprang forward on the charge; the rebels fled 
in wild confusion, and two fine pieces of artillery remained 
as trophies in our hands. Capt. Carle}', Co. E, was wounded 
in the thigh, and Lieut. Bowles, Co. G, was wounded in the 
face. The Union troops now mounted and taking with them 
the captured guns pressed on southward. The enemy soon 
rallied his scattered forces, and, having received reinforce- 
ments, renewed the pursuit, and late in the afternoon, at 
Crooked Creek, Alabama, Colonel Streight concluded that 
he would again halt and offer battle to the enem3^ The line 
was formed with the Seventy-Third on the right, and the 
regiment immediately became engaged. A sharp continuous 
fire was kept up till dark. Forrest had tasted our mettle at 
Day's Gap, and fought shyly; and Col. Streight, although 
occupying a disadvantageous position, could not bring him 
to close quarters. The loss of the regiment in this fight was 
twenty-four killed and wounded, and a few missing. At dusk 
the Provisional Brigade moved back a mile on foot, the 
Seventy-Third acting as rear guard. The enemy followed 
doggedly, and bringing up two new pieces of artillery opened 
a rapid fire, shelling the brigade while engaged in mounting. 
The horses became frightened and much confusion ensued; 
but the Seventy-Third occupied a. pass in the woods and held 
the rebels at bay until the rest of the brigade mounted and 
was on the march, and when the rebels advanced on their 



38 IlEGIMKNTAL HISTORY. 

position tlicy were received with sucli murdcrons volleys as 
to check further pursuit. The regiment then mounted and 
joined the main column. 

The march southward was now resumed. Every effort 
was made to reach and destroy the Atlanta railroad, and thua 
accomplish tlie ohject of the expedition. On the morning 
of May first, the brigade, the Seventy-Third in advance, 
dashed into Gadson, captured a few prisoners, and marched 
to Blount's Farm, Alabama, where it halted to rest and feed 
the men and horses. Col. Streight had been here but half 
an hour when the indefatigable Forrest again appeared. Col. 
Hathaway was ordered out to check him. The Seventy- 
Third deployed in a thick growth of timber, and moving 
forward soon encountered the rebels. Firing continued 
briskly for half an hour. The enemy was driven back, but 
the regiment suffered a heavy loss, the brave Col. Hathaway 
had fallen. Bold as a lion, he was at the head of his regi- 
ment cheering on his men, when he "svas struck in the breast 
by a rebel bullet, which killed him almost instantly. It was 
a sad day for the members of the regiment, who had learned 
to love him for his many noble qualities. Major "Walker 
succeeded in the command. Desultory fighting continued till 
dark. The brigade then pressed forward all night towards 
Rome, Georgia. Fifty picked men from each regiment had 
already been sent forward in hopes of taking the place by 
surprise, but Forrest had succeeded in getting a courier to 
Rome, and the surprise failed. 

About nine o'clock on the morning of May third, the bri- 
gade reached Cedar Bluffs. Both men and animals were 
utterly worn out by five days and nights continued marching 
and fighting. It was impossible to urge the horses forward 
faster than a walk; rest and food were absolutely neces- 
sary. While breakfasting, the tireless Forrest, with his well 
organized and well mounted cavalrj^, again drove in the pick- 
ets, and skirmishing immediately commenced. The situation 
was discouraging — three thousand rebel cavalry in our rear — 
a garrisoned town in the front — the ammunition nearly 
exhausted, and what remained so damaged by dampness as to 
be almost worthless. Our two mountain howitzers belched 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 39 

forth their last rounds of ammunition. The "weary men 
formed for another fight. Coh Streight, in view of the hope- 
less situation, was reluctantly compelled to surrender his com- 
mand, General Forrest agreeing in writing to give the most 
honorable terms, viz: that each regiment should retain its 
colors, side arms and private property, and be immediately 
paroled. Both he and his men treated the captives with the 
utmost courtesy and kindness. The rebel authorities at Rich- 
mond, however, shamefully violated each condition of this 
surrender. The officers were held in close confinement in the 
various prisons of the South, and treated in the most das- 
tardly and cruel manner. The enlisted men, after being ex- 
changed, were sent to Indianapolis, and employed in guarding 
rebel prisoners. Subsequently, the regiment took part in the 
Morgan raid. In October, 1863, it was sent to ISTashville, 
Tennessee. 

Adjutant "VYade, having been promoted to Major, was 
finally released from Libby Prison by special exchange, and 
assumed command of the regiment in March, 1864. The 
Seventy-Third had been so long without officers, that it was 
deficient in organization, but its excellent materiel remained, 
and a few weeks of discipline, rendered it efficient. In April 
it was assigned to guard duty on the railroad between Xash- 
ville and Murfreesboro, a country much infested with guerril- 
las. The regiment performed this duty until June, 1864. 
Meanwhile it was incorporated with the First brigade. Fourth 
division. Twentieth army corps. Lieut.-Col. Walker, having 
been exchanged, took command on the 8th of June. 

About this time the district of Northern Alabama was 
organized, with the above brigade as garrison, the Seventy- 
Third being assigned to guard and picket fifteen miles upon 
the Tennessee river. In July, Lieut.-Col. Walker resigned 
on account of ill health, induced by confinement in the filthy 
prisons of the South. Major Wade was promoted to the 
Lieutenant-Colonelcy, and again assumed command. The 
history of the regiment while upon this line, was full of 
adventure, but space permits us to chronicle but few inci- 
dents. 

Their line extended from Dresser's Ferry, at Limestone 



40 re(iimi:ntal histouy. 

Poiiit, \\\[\i licailquarlers ut Triana. At every town, ferry <»r 
landing, a substantial blockhouse was erected, guarded by 
small garrisons. Forty men were mounted, and equipi>ed as 
cavalry, and the Avhole line patrolled four times a ilay. 
Roddy's rebel cavalr}' brigade was in possession of the oppo- 
fcite bank of the river, but there was a tacit understanding 
that neither party should fire at the other from across the 
river. 

On the twenty-sixth of June, a body of the enemy appeared 
upon the opposite bank, at Limestone I'oint, for the purpose 
of watching the movements of the regiment. Sergeant 0)le, 
and three men from Company C, volunteered to cross and 
reconnoiter their number) One of the men propelled a canoe 
up stream, for a mile. In this canoe they crossed, unseen by 
the eneni}'. Advancing cautiousl}' through the woods, they 
suddenly encountered two rebel scouts of the Fourth Alabama 
Cavalry, who had been detached from the main body, and had 
just dismounted. They summoned them to surrender; but 
the rebels broke and run, when a bullet from Sergt. Cole 
brought one of the runaways down. The firing alarmed the 
main body of the rebels, and the squad of four were in a per- 
ilous position. With admirable presence of mind they seized 
their prisoner, placed him in tlie canoe, and, before the as- 
tonished enemy recovered from their alarm, were safe upon 
the other bank. 

At three o'clock on the morning of July twenty-ninth, an 
expedition of fifty men, under Col. Wade, left Triana, and 
marched to Watkins' Ferry, where five canoes had been col- 
lected during the night, for the purpose of crossing the river. 
Each canoe was capable of carrying two men. Unfortunately, 
the first one that started was loaded with three, and imme- 
diately capsized. Three rifles were lost, but the men were 
saved. Daybreak found the party on the opposite bank. A 
rapid march was made to Somerville, the county seat of Mor- 
gan county. The place was held a few hours, and the expe- 
dition returned, having captured ten horses and one prisoner. 
They marched twenty miles in seven hours, having twice 
crossed the Tennessee river. This raid aroused the enemy, 
and the Question arose whether another party could cross the 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 41 

river. To decide the question, timbers for a block house 
were prepared, and during the darkness of night, floated 
across the river. The morning's light revealed to the sur- 
prised rebels, a substantial and garrisoned blockhouse. This 
exasperated the enemy, for now a crossing could be effected 
at any time. A six pounder upon the north bank covered the 
blockhouse, and rendered assistance to the garrison. Several 
spiteful attacks were made on the blockhouse, which invari- 
ably resulted in the defeat of the rebels. One night it was 
defended by four men, who successfully resisted an assaulting 
party of forty rebels. 

On the fourteenth of August, Col. AYade, with one hun- 
dred men, crossed the river, marched to Vahlermosa Springs, 
destroyed several saltpetre works, and captured a corral of 
twenty-five horses. At the Springs were found a party of 
rebel cavalry, who exchanged shots with our advanced guard. 
Three prisoners were captured. 

During the latter part of August, the regiment was sent 
into Tennessee to check Wheeler, who was then raiding 
through that State. It remained two weeks at Prospect, 
without meeting the enemy. It was then ordered to Moores- 
ville, Alabama. One company was stationed at Triana, and 
three on the Memphis and Charleston railroad. 

In September Forrest crossed the Tennessee with seven 
thousand cavalry, and made his celebrated raid on the Ten- 
nessee and Alabama railroad. The regiment was ordered to 
Decatur. Meanwhile Forrest had captured Athens and Sul- 
phur Trestle, the former having a garrison of six hundred, 
and the latter eight hundred men. Three hundred of the 
brigade were sent to reinforce Athens, but, after an obstinate 
fight, they were captured. Athens being a place of consid- 
erable importance, and the enemy being compelled to pass 
through it on their return, General Granger, commanding 
the district of Northern Alabama, ordered the Seventy-Third 
Indiana to this point, with instructions to "hold the town." 
The march was eagerly undertaken. On the arrival of the 
regiment at Athens it took possession of the fort, and made 
preparations to strengthen its defences. Lieut. Col. Wade 
saw at once their defects, and the reason why its former gar- 



42 RE(UMENTAL niSTOIlY. 

rison of six hundred had been compelled to surrender. There 
was no adequate protection against artillery. Guns could bo 
so arranged as to enfilade the fort, and every point was ex- 
posed to shells. There was no time to remedy this defect by 
the construction of a bomb-proof. The novel expedient was 
adopted of covering a portion of the outer ditch with heavy 
timber and earth, the entrance to which would be a covered 
passage under the gates of the fort. This passage had just 
been commenced when, at three o'clock p. m., October first, 
the pickets were driven in. Information of the enemy's 
approach had been received a few moments before, and the 
troops were ready for the attack. The garrison consisted of 
the Seventy-Third Indiana, two companies of the Tenth 
Indiana cavalry, four companies of the Second Tennessee 
cavalry, and a section of battery A, First Tennessee artillery, 
in all about five hundred efiPective men, under command of 
Lieut. Col. "Wade. Opposed to this little force were Brig. 
Gen. A. Buford's division of rebel cavalry, numbering four 
thousand men, and four pieces of artillery. Several compa- 
nies of skirmishers were sent out, who kept the enemy busy 
during the afternoon. Meantime a force with picks and 
shovels were kept constantly at work upon the entrance to 
the bomb-proof. Many lives depended upon its completion 
before the enemy should get his artillery into position. The 
last shovelful of earth was thrown out just at midnight, and 
although the rebels greatly outnumbered the Federals, they 
felt confident of a successful issue of the morrow's fight. 
During the night the enemy could be distinctly heard getting 
his guns into position. The two twelve-pounder rifled pieces 
in the fort were placed so as to return his fire. At daylight 
a brisk rattle of musketry proceeded from a. portion of the 
enemy who had advanced to within close range, under cover 
of a thick growth of timber. At six o'clock two rifled pieces 
opened fire upon the garrison from the north-west, and shortly 
after two more from the north. Half an hour's slow practice 
enabled the enemy's splendid artillerists to get the range, and 
they threw with surprising accuracy shot and shell directly 
into the fort. The wise forethought which prompted the 
building of the bomb-proof was now fully demonstrated. 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 43 

l^early five hundred men were ready at a moments warning 
to repel any assanlt that might be made. The two guns in 
the fort steadily answered those of the enemy, and in a short 
time had fired fifty-one rounds, and not without eft'ect, as 
was indicated by the movement of ambulances near the 
enemy's batteries. Very soon thirty cavalry horses were 
killed by the rebel shells, two shells passed through the regi- 
mental flag of the Seventy-Third Indiana, one shell struck a 
caisson filled with ammunition, tore off the cover and set it 
on fire. An instantaneous explosion was expected, but pri- 
vate A. H. Kersey, of Co. I, with rare presence of mind, 
seized a bucket of water and extinguished the fire. Not- 
withstanding the severe shelhng, which continued nearly 
two hours, not a man was killed, and only two were slightly 
wounded. 

The rebel Gen. Buford, however, judging from his former 
exploits, supposed the garrison sufficiently demoralized, stop- 
ped his fire, and sent in a flag of truce demanding a surren- 
der. The demand, much to his surprise, was promptly re- 
fused. While the flag was flying he advanced a strong force 
to within two hundred yards of the fort. The parapets were 
at once manned to repel the expected assault; but so soon as 
the flag of truce moved away, the rebel column fell back by 
the right of companies to the rear. Before the rebels got 
beyond range, the white flag disappeared then the garrison 
immediately opened a heavy fire of small arms, killing four 
and wounding several of the rebel force. The rebel General, 
finding his artillery useless, and not daring to charge the 
fort, which was defended by such determined men, drew off 
his troops. 

On October twenty-sixth, the Seventy-Third was ordered 
to Decatur, Alabama, to assist in the defence of that place 
against Gen. Hood, who was investing it with an army of 
thirty-five thousand men. The garrison numbered only five 
thousand but they baflled every attempt of the enemy to gain 
possession of the place, fought him obstinately at every 
point, made frequent sallies upon difierent portions of his line 
and captured many prisoners. The investment lasted four 
days, during which the members of the Seventy-Third were 



44 



REGIMENTAL IIISTOUY. 



distinguished for their bravery. They were almost constantly 
on the skirmish line. At one time a portion of the line was 
driven in when a detail of fifty men from the regiment, un- 
der Lieut. AVilson, gallantly charged the rebels, drove thera 
back and re-established the line, losing one man killed and 
several wounded. 

General Hood, deeming it would be too great a sacrifice of 
the lives of his men longer to continue the siege, withdrew 
his array, and in November crossed the Tennessee river and 
marched northward. This movement compelled the evacua- 
tion of Northern Alabama, and the regiment, joining the 
brigade, marched to Stevenson, Alabama, where it remained 
until the nineteenth of December. After the battle at Nash- 
ville the brigade again occupied Huntsville and Decatur. 
After a short stay at Huntsville the regiment was placed on 
the Memphis and Charleston railroad, with headquarters at 
Larkinsville. 

FORTY-SEVENTH REGIMENT. 

This regiment was organized at Camp Sullivan, Indiana- 
polis, October twenty-first, 1861. The following is the ros- 
ter : 

Field and Staff Officers. — Colonel, James R. Slack, Hunt- 
ington; Lieutenant-Colonel, Milton S. Robinson, Anderson; 
Major, Samuel S. Mickle, Decatur; Adjutant, Marion P. Ev- 
ans, Tipton; Regimental Quartermaster, George Nichol, An- 
derson; Surgeon, James L. Dickon, Wabash; Assistant Sur- 
geon, James R. Mills, Huntington ; Assistant Surgeon, William 
J. Stewart; Chaplain, Samuel W. Sawyer, Marion. 

Compamy A. — Captain, John A. McLaughlin, Indianapo- 
lis; First Lieutenant, Albert Moorehous, Indianapolis; Sec- 
ond Lieutenant, Nicholas Van Horn, Blutfton. 

Company B. — Captain, Louis IL Goodwin, Wabash ; First 
Lieutenant, William M. Henly, Wabash ; Second Lieutenant, 
Christian B. Roger, Manchester. 

Co7npamj C. — Captain, Esais Bailey, Adams County; First 
Lieutenant, Byron II. Dent, Adams County; Second Lieu- 
tenant, Henry C. Weiuner, Adams County. 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 45 

Comjxiny D. — Captain, James E. Brunei', Wabash ; First 
Lieutenant, Tilghraan J. Silling, Manchester; Second Lieu- 
tenant, Conrad H. Tines, "Wabash. 

Company E. — Captain, Jacob Wintrode, Antloch; First 
Lieutenant, Jehu Swaidner, Roanoke; Second Lieutenant, 
Elijah Snowden, Antioch. 

Company F. — Captain, Sextus H. Sheaver, Huntington; 
First Lieutenant, Silas S. Hall, Huntington; Second Lieuten- 
ant, Aurelius Purviance, Huntington. 

Coynjyany G. — Captain, John T. Robinson, Anderson; First 
Lieutenant, John F. Eglin, Anderson; Second Lieutenant, 
William Woodbeck, Antioch. 

Company H. — Captain, Samuel J. Keller, Bluffton ; First 
Lieutenant, George S. Brinkerhoft*, Huntington; Second Lieu- 
tenant, James Gordan, Bluffton. 

Company I. — Captain, Joshua Bowersock, Wabash County; 
First Lieutenant, John R. Emery, Wabash County; Second 
Lieutenant, Edward J. Williams, Wabash County. 

Compa7iy K. — Captain, Ellison C. Hill, Tipton ; First Lieu- 
tenant, William H. Hayford, Tipton; Second Lieutenant, Jo- 
seph A. McKinsey, Tipton. 

On the 13th of December the regiment left Indianapolis 
and reported to General Buell at Louisville; from thence it 
marched in three days to Bardstown, Ky., where it encamped 
on the grounds of Gov. Wickliffe. Company A was detailed 
as provost guard in the town and did important duty. The 
camp was shortly- changed, to one several miles south of the 
town, and while stationed there, the regiment was presented 
■with a beautiful stand of colors by the ladies of Wabash 
county. Chaplain Sawyer presented the flag, with the fol- 
lowing address: 

" Col. Slack : A \Qvy pleasant duty has been assigned me by 
the ladies of Wabash county. 

"Theyhaveprocured this most beautiful banner, and through 
our mutual friend, Mr. T. B. McCarty, it has been safely trans- 
mitted to my care; and I am authorized by the patriotic do- 
nors to present it, through you, in their name, to the Forty- 
Seventh regiment of Indiana volunteers. 

"The county of Wabash has committed to your command 



46 "^ KEGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

three companies of her true-hearted yeoiiiaui-y, and a.s you 
have honored one of theirnumher with the position of eolor- 
bearer of the regiment, the ladies of the county liave sent 
these, as the regimental colors, to he borne by him in every 
storm of battle through which we may pass, till the war shall 
terminate. 

" The costliness of the banner is a compliment to yourself as 
the Colonel commanding, to the men they have sent into the 
field, and to your standard-bearer — a three-fold compliment, 
which they feel assured will be appreciated by us all, and the 
memory of which will make us more devoted to the cause in 
which we are engaged, and more resistless in conflict. 

"Our country's banner! What glorious memories cluster 
around it! Under it our fathers fought through the Kevolu- 
tiouary struggle. Many fell beneath its ample folds — at once 
their banner and their winding sheet. In the war of 1812 it 
was unfurled by our brave soldiers and sailors on the land — 
on the sea. It streamed in the breeze, and waved all the more 
proudly when the "British Lion crouched at the feet of the 
American Eagle." Since then, on the Fourth of July, on the 
Eighth of January, on the Twenty-Second of Februar}^, and 
ou every day made memorable in our history, it has been 
lifted up as the ensign of the millions of a great and growing 
Republic. 

" We know what this banner means. It means civil and re- 
ligious liberty to every American citizen, from the Lakes to 
the Gulf, and from the Atlantic to the Pacific, and the wide 
world over. It means liberty to have and to read the Holy 
Bible; to have and to reverence the sacred Sabbath: to wor- 
ship God according to the voice of our consciences. It means 
law and order, good government, strong, generous, and self- 
reliant, yet leaning upon heaven. It means by its motto, " E 
Pluribus Unum," that, gathered from many, we may be, we 
should be, and we must be, one forever. 

"Those who fired upon the National flag at Fort Sumter, 
and have elsewhere trodden it under their unhallowed and 
traitorous feet, guilty of perjury, and fraud, and plunder, and 
piracy, and war, and murder, would deprive us of all the in- 
estimable privileges which we have inherited as our birth- 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 47 

right. They seem to have forgotten that it was with the 
Uniou banner that Washington and his brave compatriots 
fought, and that England w^as against it, and that Marion and 
Sumter were for it; and Tarleton*and his infamous band against 
it-; that Jackson at Talladega, Emuckfaw and l^ew Orleans was 
filled with a holier patriotism and a firmer courage as ho 
looked upon its stars and stripes, and that they were waving 
over the National Capitol when the Hero of the Hermitage 
wrote the Palmetto State those immortal words, ' The Fede- 
ral Union, it must and shall he -preserved.' 

"Tell your men that this magnificent present Beauty sends 
to Valor. Tell them, as they gaze upon these regimental 
colors, to think of the wives, mothers, sisters and loved ones, 
who are praying for them at home; and who, if they are 
brave, fearless and victorious in the conflict, will welcome, re- 
spect and honor them all the more when they return. Tell 
them, should any of them fall in defense of that banner, God 
and their country will not be unmindful of their services. 

" Tell your color-bearer, as his is a post of danger, that the 
ladies of Wabash county have confidence in his courage, and 
that they hope, on some future Fourth of July — when peace 
shall be restored and the Union preserved — to see that same 
memorable banner, so surely destined to make a history of 
its own, as we advance, having gone safely through the war, 
never dishonored, but evermore covered with glory, borne in 
procession and universally greeted as an object of pride and 
gratulation. 

" Colonel, accept these regimental colors, so honorable to the 
generous-hearted patriotism of the ladies of Wabash county 
— with us, emphatically the banner county of Indiana. 

"May we all live to see them returned to their hands, with 
the proud assurance that their trust has been well placed, and 
that each, having performed faithfully a soldier's duty, may 
calmly await the soldier's reward." 

To this address Col. Slack replied as follows : 

"Chaplain Sawyer: In behalf of the Forty-Seventh regi- 
ment of Indiana volunteers, I accept the beautiful flag which 
you have presented from the generous and patriotic ladies of 
the county of Wabash, and through you to them do I, in the 



48 EEGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

name of the regiment, extend the most heartfelt thanks and 
gratitude for this, tlieir most welcome donation. 

"It is the flag of Washington; the flag of Madison ; the flag 
of Jackson; the flag of our country — our whole country; the 
flag under AvluLh deeds of daring valor have been enacted 
upon many a battle field, in establishing and sustaining Ameri- 
can liberty and American independence. Around it cluster 
so many fond and cherished recollections of the past; so 
many bright and sparkling hopes of the future, that I feel a 
confidence in saying, there is not a soldier belonging to this 
regiment whose soul is inspired with any other feeling than 
that of patriotic love and veneration for this, the ensign of 
American hope and American nationality, and under it, in 
this contest, the murderous hand of treason shall be stayed, 
the assassin's dagger parried, and American freedom estab- 
lished upon a firmer and more reliable foundation. Under its 
inspiring and soul-cheering influence will we 

'Strike — for our altars and our fires I 
Strike — till the last armed foe expires! 
Strike for the green graves of our sires! 
God! and our native land.' 

"And when we reflect that it is not only the ensign of Ameri- 
can liberty, but has been committed to our custody by the pa- 
triotic ladies of Wabash county, each and every one of whom 
has burning within her breast that fire of patriotic love and 
devotion inherited from a noble and gallant ancestry, which 
always characterized the matrons of our common country, I 
think I am safe in pledging to the fair donors, in behalf of this 
regiment, that on every battle field, come success or defeat, 
come what will, this flag shall be upheld and sustained, and 
around its standard will we rally in defense of the rights of 
loyal American citizens everywhere. For this object, and 
none other, have we left home, family, and near and cher- 
ished friends, and no act of dishonor or cowardice shall ever 
tarnish its soul-inspiring folds. All that I ask in making 
good these pledges is the co-operation and aid of each and 
every soldier of this regiment, and I know they will be most 
heartily given. 

"Again, ChapUiin, do I return, through you, to the ladies of 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 4!^ 

Wabash count}-, in the name of the Forty-Seventh regiment, 
the most profound and heartfelt gratitude for this generous 
bestowal. 

" Sergeant Lindsey, you have been selected as the principal 
color sergeant of the Forty-Seventh regiment, and you iiave 
been appointed to that position because of your vsrell known 
coolness, courage and discretion, in every trying emergency. 
While the post which has been assigned you is one of the most 
honorable character, yet it is one of danger and responsibility. 

" Into your hands are committed the colors which the ladies 
of Wabash county have so generously given us. You are a 
citizen of that county; the patriotic donors will look to you 
to bear it aloft upon every battle field, through every trying 
scene. I know the confidence which has been reposed in you 
will not be abused. Take the flag, and always remember it 
is the flag of your country." 

In a short time the regiment was ordered to join the com- 
mand of Gen. Xelson at Camp Wickliffe. On the march it 
camped near the homestead of Senator Rapier, on ground 
made memorable as the birthplace of Abraham Lincoln, and 
also passed by the school house on the summit of Muldrangh's 
Hill, where he learned to read and write. The sun was rising 
as the regiment crossed Muldraugh's Hill, and Col. Slack, dis- 
mounting, marched in advance, singing the old hymn, "Am 
I a Soldier of the Cross," the men joining in the anthem of 
praise. Before noon the tents were pitched, and the Forty- 
Seventh was brigaded with the Forty-Sixth Indiana, Sixth 
Kentucky, and Forty-First Ohio, Col. Hazen commanding. 
Here the regiment received its first lessons in drill and disci- 
pline. Gen. Nelson was inexorable in military discipline, and 
there was no release from the tedious routine of camj) life. 
While at Camp Wicklifte news was received of the defeat and 
death of the rebel Gen. Zollicofier. On the fourteenth of 
February the regiment left Camp Wicklifie, and was yut 
on a forced march to enable it to take part in the Fort 
Donelson fight. A snow storm was prevailing at the time, " 
and the roads were almost impassable, by reason of the mud. 
The men marched eighteen miles the first day, and at night 
encamped without tents, the baggage wagons being far in 
Vol. II.— 4 



50 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

the rear, struggling through the deep mud. The next day, 
haviog waited the arrival of the teams, they marclied four 
miles. On the day following, they marched twenty-four 
miles and struck the Ohio at West Toint, near the nioutii of 
Salt river. Here boats were in waiting. Tiie rain fell in 
torrents. All the troops, about twelve thousand, were aboard 
the boats by dark. Next morning sailed down the river, 
landed at Evansville, and there learned that Fort Donelson 
had surrendered. During the night, went up to the mouth 
of lied river. Next morning steamed up to the mouth of 
Salt river. "Were there but a short time, until ordered back 
to Paducah ; thence to Cairo, and thence to Commerce, 
where the women signaled the steamboat, thereby prevent- 
ing Jeif. Thompson from capturing it. 

From Commerce the force went to Benton in Scott county, 
from which they were ordered to New Madrid. Marched ten 
miles and halted for the night. During the night there 
was a terrible thunder storm, accompanied by heavy rain, 
which continued the greater part of the next day. At seven 
o'clock the command, numbering about twelve thousand, 
took up its line of march and reached Sikeston at five o'clock 
p. M., when it halted and was informed that the men were to 
leave their knapsacks and march seven miles further that 
night. All who regarded themselves unfit to do so, and to 
fight the enemy all the next day, were asked to step out ot 
ratiks. The rain now ceased and the march was resumed. 
Halted about eight o'clock at night, the teams and provision 
trains being six miles behind. The men had not halted 
during the day for dinner and were now destitute of pro- 
visions. Next morning at daylight the teams arrived, coffee 
was hastil}' prepared and drank, and the line of march 
resumed. The following account of what ensued is given by 
one who cook part in the engagement at New Madrid : 

"When our advanced column arrived within one mile of 
town. General Slack's column was within a mile and a half 
of the fort. The enemy opened fire upon us from their gun- 
boats and the fort. The balls and shells fell on either side 
of us rather freely for those who feel a little timid, and have 
any particular objection to taking iron; but fortunately none 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 51 

of our regiment took any. Several of the advanoed column 
were killed. At sundown our force was marched back one 
mile and encamped, General Pope concluding that muscle 
could not do much with gunboats in the middle of the 
Mississippi. 

"Next day we lay quietly in camp, and on Wednesday 
evening, the fifth, our brigade, under General Slack, was 
ordered out to reconnoiter in force above town in the woods. 
As soon as we reached the destined point, the enemy opened 
fire on us; but we came in at dark without any of our men 
being injured. 

The next week was spent in camp, during which time quite 
a number of very large guns had been brought down from 
Cairo, and on Wednesday night, the eleventh of March, our 
men planted four cannon in a corn field, and dug trenches 
within half a mile of the lower fort, which was one mile be- 
low the fort in town, and much the stronger fortified place of 
the two, mounting sixteen thirty-two pound guns. At early 
daylight the enemy discovered our position, and turned all 
their guns upon our four with such spirit and earnestness that 
we were led to think that our men would be utterly unable to 
maintain their position. ^Notwithstanding they were firing 
five and six times to our once, our gunners were cool and de- 
liberate — aiming well their guns. At each fire the chief 
would jump upon the cannon, and, with glass in hand, watch 
the effect of the ball or shell, and then announce the result to 
the men, who frequently sent up loud cheers. 

The grove, about one hundred yards behind our guns, was 
terribly riddled, and a large brick house which stood in the 
grove will long testify to the severity of that day's work. 
Some fifteen or twenty of the Twenty-Seventh Ohio were 
killed, during the day, by shells in the rear of our guns. 
Hundreds of them passed over our heads, or burst a little 
short of us. We could see them bursting almost every min- 
ute, in some direction. Our brigade moved two or three 
times during the day, to support the right or left wing; yet, 
during the moving, we were all the time exposed as much in 
one place as in another. 

"While we were on the right wing the fire of the lower 



52 RKGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

fort, of sixteen guns, played upon us. AVhen moving to the 
left, the sixteen guns of the fort in town were tiring at us, 
while on the left an unknown number of guns on the gun- 
boats was directed at us, as we thought; but about five o'clock 
it was discovered that the enemy had a number of pieces of 
cannon in the upper story of a steam saw mill, which were 
firing very accurately at our men, causing them to hug the 
ground rather closely, to avoid injury when the shells burst. 
At this time the men were ordered back about one mile, 
when the celebrated Totten battery, of Springfield notoriety, 
was brought up and turned loose, together with an Illinois 
battery. Then began a scene which surpasses description. 
All the guns of the enemy were in full blaze — all our large 
ones and the two batteries — well manned with thoroughly 
trained men. My impression is that the rebels and the mill 
were pretty thoroughly used up. This scene lasted about 
thirty minutes, after which we heard no more of the guns in 
the mill. 

"The firing was kept up until dark, when our men were 
ordered back to camp, and the cannonading ceased. During 
the night it rained terribly, yet at three o'clock in the morn- 
ing you could hear oflicers shouting to their men, 'Turn out! 
turn out ! ' and out they went into the rain, without break- 
fast. At daylight the Thirty-Fourth and Forty-Seventh In- 
diana marched into the fort, just in time to see the rear of the 
rebels scudding to the woods in their frightened trot. Soon 
our men hoisted the stars and stripes over the lower fort, cap- 
turing the flag of the enemy, which is still in possession of 
the Forty-Seventh regiment." 

Fort Henry had fallen. Fort Donelson was invested. Re- 
inforcements were needed. Gen. Nelson was ordered to move 
forward his division; and on the fourteenth of February, 
1862, the Forty-Seventh marched for the mouth of Salt river. 
The roads were almost impassable. The night was intensely 
cold, and the men, being without tents, were forced to lie 
down in the snow. After three days' march the regiment 
reached West Point, on the Ohio river, and embarked on 
steamers for Paducah. While lying at this place, on the 
twenty-first of February, information was received of the sur- 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 53 

rePiiler of Fort Donelson,and the rebel General Bnckner, and 
other prisoners, arrived on their way up the Ohio river. The 
same day an order came detaching the Thirty-Fourth, Forty- 
Third, Forty-Sixth, Forty-Seventh and Fifty-Ninth Indiana 
regiments from the command of Gen. Nelson, and directing 
them to report to Gen. Pope, at Commerce, Missouri. The 
regiments lauded at Commerce on the twenty-third, brigaded 
under the command of Col. James R. Slack, and, marching 
to Benton, joined Gen. Pope's army, then investing New Ma- 
drid, on the third of March. The army under Gen. Pope 
numbered thirty thousand men. Drawn up in battle array, 
with music playing and banners waving, it presented a stir- 
ring martial appearance. The rebel gunboats dotted the sur- 
face of the Mississippi river, and annoyed the besiegers with 
Bhot and shell, and the batteries from the rebel forts were 
exceedingly mischievous, wounding and killing several of 
our men. General Pope became convinced that, even if 
the forts were taken, they could not be held against the 
rebel fleet, and sent to Cairo for heavier ordnance to pros- 
ecute the siege. Meanwhile, Col. Plummer, of Illinois, 
planted a battery at Point Pleasant, and another battery, 
consisting of three twenty-four pounders and one sixty- four 
pound mortar, engaged the gunboats and forts, all of which 
did good execution. Our plans were communicated to the 
enemy in the following manner: A spy who had been loung- 
ing about camp for several days, representing himself as a 
"persecuted Union man," asked Col. Slack how the siege was 
progressing. The Colonel told him that several siege guns 
would be there in a few hours, to " blow the rebels to perdi- 
tion." After gaining this intelligence the man left, and soon af- 
ter communicated with the enemy. The same night — which 
was a stormy one — Col. Slack was ordered to occupy the rifle 
pits, with the Thirty-Fourth and Forty-Seventh Indiana, and 
instructed that if at daybreak the enemy opened fire, to ad- 
vance the rifle pits and plant the batteries five hundred yards 
nearer the forts. There was every probability that, within a 
few liourt^, the gallant baud would be terribly decimated; but 
Col. Slack had his orders, and proceeded fearlessly to execute 



54 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

them. The startling events which followed are thus detailed 
by Chaplain Sawyer: 

"When Gen. Pope found that his command had not iriins 
of equal calibre to those of the enemy, he resolved to take the 
place with as little loss of life as possible, and therefore lie or- 
dered several heavy guns and a sixtj'-eight pound mortar from 
Cairo. These arrived on Wednesday evening. The next 
morning, to their great amazement, we had our guns planted, 
and, from behind breastworks nearly half a mile in extent, we 
opened two batteries upon the fortifications of the enemy. 

"The First and Second divisions were in advance of us, but 
Gen. Palmer, at break of day, had his men marching toward 
the river. With one of his aids the General, pushing bravely 
on through the fog, rode close to the rebel pickets, and his 
whole column was pressing on after him. As the balls and 
shells began to fall around us we drew back, under orders, in 
the rear of General Hamilton's division, to await the result of 
the cannonading. The gunboats and forts played on our bat- 
teries their ' level best,' thinking they could easily demolish 
them; but hour after hour passed away, and our batteries 
seemed to be as threatening and formidable as at first. One of 
their largest balls struck the embankment, and our artillerymen 
picked it up and fired it back. It dismounted one of their 
heaviest cannon and killed several of their gunners. Just af- 
terwards, however, one of their balls, a thirty-six pounder, 
entered the muzzle of our best gun, breaking off six or eight 
inches of its mouth, killing two of our men and wounding 
several. For an hour or two it was serious work. 

"During the day Gen. Palmers force changed its position 
several times, and in the middle of the afternoon we found 
ourselves within range of the gunboats, a mile from the river. 
As the enemy seemed not a little alarmed by our driving in 
their pickets, by the numbers we presented, and by our bold 
and skillful cannonading, Gen. Pope felt assured they would 
make no attempt to storm our batteries, and we were ordered 
back to camp. 

"At night we learned through Gen. Palmer that our loss 
in killed was eight, and about twenty were wounded. There 
were various speculations as to the programme for the next 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 55 

day. Some thought it was idle for us to talk of taking the 
fortifications without a further supply of heavy cannon, and 
we might be under the necessity of waiting a week, more or 
less, until we leceived them. The gunboats and the cannon 
on the forts were deemed too strong for us. As yet we had 
heard notbiug of the fatal precision of our shells and balls. 
We did not know that the captain who had been sent from 
Memphis to command the fort had been killed by our bat- 
teries ; that several other officers had fallen ; that Dr. Bell, on 
one of the gunboats, had been instantly killed by a ball that 
took otf the pilot-house, upper deck and chimneys; and that 
the bursting of shells in the fort and among the barracks, had 
sent fear and trembling among the rebels. On our part, we 
heard that the number of gunboats had been increased and 
the fortifications reinforced. 

"At eleven o'clock at night orders were received at our 
headquarters that the First brigade of the Tiiird diviiiion 
should be ready to march to the intrenchments at three o'clock 
Friday morning. At ten minutes before three o'clock our 
guide appeared, and the brigade commenced its march under 
Acting Brigadier-General James R. Slack. The night was 
rainy, the road muddy and dismal, but the men pushed on 
quietly through the open country and long woods, running 
against each other, stumbling over roots and stumps, dashing 
against trees, or stepping down into deep mudholes or rifle 
pits, in the thick darkness, relieved only by an occasional 
lightning flash. At length we reached the extemporized in- 
trenchments. Those coming away hailed us, as we passed, 
with such expressions as these: ' Fou'll catch it to-day, boys,' 
' They'll give it to you, but Indiana is good for them.' If the 
enemy opened their fire on us as the day dawned, desperate 
work was before us. In that case, our brigade was ordered to 
advance in the face of the forts and gunboats, exposed to all 
their murderous fire, throw up new breastworks, replant our 
batteries five hundred yards nearer the foe, and be prepared 
to storm the fortifications at the point of the bayonet. The 
First brigade seemed the forlorn hope, and the known cool- 
ness and courage of Indiana troops were to be once more 
tested in the face of danger and of death. Col. Slack felt 



56 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

this vory sensibly, and when the color-bearer came out in the 
morning with the flag, the Colonel told him to take it hack 
and get iiis rifle and bayonet. -lie wanted every man to carry 
his gun to-da}'. He felt that, in all human j>robability, 
should the enemy hold their ground, one-half of his command 
ere the setting of the sun would be borne out for burial. His 
aids. Adjutant l)e Hart and Lieutenant Daily, were ne/irhim 
to boar his orders over the field. Lieut. -Col. Robinson had 
command of the Forty-Seventh, and, well aware of the bloody 
work which might be before us, he was ready to go bravely 
with his men wherever duty might call. All of the oflicers 
and men seemed animated with one purpose, to sell their lives 
as dearly as possible, and, if destined to fall on the field, to die 
fighting manfully for the honor of Indiana and the glory of 
the Union. ]S^ot a man there would have flinched in the hour 
of peril. 

"Just as our artillerymen were loading their cannon to fire 
upon the enemy, Gen. Hamilton rode up and announced to 
Col. Slack that a rumor had come that the enemy had spiked 
their guns and disappeared, and he ordered him to send out 
two companies from his command, as skirmishers, to visit the 
fort and ascertain whether it was evacuated. Others were de- 
tailed to follow them with the national flag. Then Col. Slack 
regretted that the national banner was left in camp, as the 
Forty-Seventh was on the right and had the post of honor; 
but the flag of the Thirty-Fourth was used, for the time be- 
ing, instead. In a few moments we saw the stars and stripes 
waving from the fort, and loud cheering went up from the 
entire brigade. Lieut.-Col. Cameron was left in temporary 
epmmand of the fort, and companies A and B of the Forty- 
Seventh regiment were ordered forward to take possession. 
In advance of company A, with Aid-de-Camp Daily and 
Ca\)\. McLaughlin, I entered the fort and took a survey of its 
strength. Several of the heavy cannon were dismounted ; one 
piece was broken by our shot, the rest were uninjured. Ev- 
erything indicated that the enemy had fled in iiaste. We 
found the guns poorly spiked. There were three magazines 
full of ammunition. One of our shells or shot felled their 
flag, and they had cut down the stafl", as our gunners took de- 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 57 

ligbt in aiming at it, and every shot in that direction took ef- 
fect. Several rebel flags and numerous canteens and knap- 
sacks were found. We found one knapsack marked 'Vermont 
Second Regiment' — captured, perhaps, in the Bull Run en- 
gagement. A gunboat was seen at a distance coming up the 
river, and we commenced mounting our guns. From our 
batteries to the fort, with the help of ropes, every gun was 
drawn by the brave-hearted and willing men, and under the 
direction and energizing help of Col. Slack, the cannon were 
ready to play all round the fort, and in thirty-live minutes, 
by the watch, the river was effectually blockaded in favor of 
the Union. Several boats appeared in sight, caught a glimpse 
of the stars and stripes, and veering round, disappeared. The 
pulling of the cannon from our batteries and mounting them 
on the fort in a little over half an hour, so as to be ready to 
bear on the enemy, was a feat almost without a parallel in 
history, and was due to the energy of the Colonel command- 
ing the First brigade. 

" We found an officer of the artillery from MclSTairy county, 
Tennessee, who had been shot in the back of the head. We 
lifted the canvass from his face, and saw a vigorous frame 
and an intelligent countenance. His fall struck the gunners 
with terror. Gen. Hamilton ordered that he should be de- 
cently buried, that three prisoners we had taken should be 
accompanied by their guards and dig his grave and bury him. 
At Col. Cameron's request I conducted the religous services 
at the grave. 

"Two of the prisoners w'ere from Arkansas. One of them 
was a wagoner. He was sleeping in the wagon, and his con- 
federates forgot to wake him. He had been in the service 
eight months. He was much agitated when arrested, until 
assured that he would be treated well. His Arkansas com- 
panion was a youth of eighteen. They both had squirrel 
guns, and so had most of their companions in the service. 
The third prisoner was a shrewd Irishman. He had tried to 
come North, but the blockade had stopped him, and thrown 
him into the fort. He had no wish to get away, and having 
slipped through the lines into the town the night befoi'e, he 
came down in a friendly way, he said, to give us welcome. 



58 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

The prisoners stated that the enemy had hcen very much 
alarmed by tlie fearful work of our cannon, and felt certain 
if they stayed another day they would all liave to surrender. 
This was the decided opinion of their commander, Colonel 
Oarnett, of Arkansas, and hence their abrupt departure. As 
we passed through tlieir barracks we saw evidence of their 
hasty flight everywhere. In one tent we found a Major's 
uniform, sword, sash, and all. In another we saw the table 
spread, meat served on the plates, partly eaten. The sugar 
and spoon dropped between the bowl and the cup, the chairs 
upset, their trunks and looking-glasses, spurs and liknesses 
and letters left behind, and the candles burning; flour and 
meal in abundance, and molasses and sugar and mace, and 
barrels of beef and pork and potatoes in large supplies, 
were on hand. They had not only the necessaries, but many 
of the luxui'ies of life. Violins and accordeons, and books of 
poetry, and law books, and blooded dogs were all left for the 
"Yankees." We captured one hundred and twenty mules, 
fifty horses, with their wagons. 

" In our rounds we discovered a clear outline map of the 
fort, which we sent Gen. Pope. It was called Fort Thomp- 
son, and an immense amount of labor has been bestowed 
upon it. Five hundred negroes were at work, under skillful 
directors, until it was complete. It is now ours, and we feel 
strongly entrenched. The universal wonder is why the reb- 
els abandoned such a position. Col. Slack said, after our 
guns had been planted, that it was all owing to the fact that 
" they had a bad cause, and that the God of battles was on 
our side," that the fort fell into our hands without a fearful 
sacrifice of life, and that was the feeling of us all. I have 
given you a brief sketch of Fort Thompson. General Pope 
took possession of the other fortification, half a mile above. 
I had no time to examine its condition before our brigade was 
ordered back to camp. "We returned feeling that our oflicers 
and men had done some good service to their country by 
driving the rebels from their last stronghold in Missouri, 
and in planting upon these fortresses the glorious stars and 
stripes." 

Soon after the fort fell into our hands, the Forty-Third and 



( REGIMENTAL HISTORY. , 59 

Fortv-Sixth Indiana, under Col. G. K Fitch, and the Thirty- 
Fourtli and Forty-Seventh, commanded by Col. Slack, the 
entire force being under command of Gen. Palmer, of Illinois, 
were ordered to take two twenty-four pounders, and proceed 
down the river. Capt. Sheard gives a very interesting ac- 
count of this expedition. He says: 

"After proceeding about two miles, we were ordered to 
make a detail often men from each company for the purpose 
of drawing a twenty-four pounder along with us. It was 
very severe work, but the gallant boys hitched themselves up 
cheerfullj' and kept up with the column all night. 

"Our march was down the river, and a great deal of the 
way immediately along the bank. It was to me very singu- 
lar to see how silently a large body of men can move. The 
commands were given and repeated in a low tone, and no 
other voice above a whisper was heard during the entire 
march. What rendered this extreme caution necessary, was 
the fact that the enemy had their gunboats lying at several 
points along the river, and had they discovei'ed us could 
have annoyed us considerably. 

"Near daylight we arrived at Point Pleasant, about twelve 
miles from our starting point. Here we have a battery of 
four guns, six and twelve pounders. They are too small, 
however, to command the river, but had successfully resisted 
the attack of two gunboats the day before. 

"At this point the column left the river, and after proceed- 
ing about one mile came to a halt. The boys spread their 
blankets on the ground and lay down to get a little rest. 
Here you could have seen how tired soldiers can sleep stretched 
out upon their blankets, with the arm for a pillow. They 
apparentl}' slept as sound as if on soft beds at home. 

"About two o'clock we were called into ranks and started 
for this point. Our march led through swamps and slashes, 
sometime^s over boot-top, arriving here about dark. After 
eating their scanty supper, which they had in their haver- 
sacks, the boys lay down to sleep. At ten o'clock we were 
called into ranks again and marched to the river, where we 
worked u!l night, building a breastwork foi- our gun and dig- 
ging rifie, pits — the enemy's gui. boats lying in sight all the 



60 iii:(;i.mi:ntal history. 

time. But so silently was the woik coiidnctod tliat they did 
not discover us until dayli^lit. In ilic im-aiititno we had 
completed our breastwork, and liad a ritie-jiit sufficiently large 
to acCDinnuxhiti' two hundred men. 'J'iic \'c(^uisit(' iiiinibcr 
of men to occupy them was detailed from each comjiany iu 
our regiment, all the other regiments liaving remained in 
camp. Our battery was commanded by Lieut. Keed, of the 
First United States Artillery, with ten men, and I think a 
braver officer and more gallant men never handled a gun. 

"About seven o'clock the gunboat stcjimed up, came out 
and o[)ened fire upon us. Our little twenty four replied 
sharply, and matters began to assume rather an interesting as- 
pect. Then out came the Revenue Cutter, which the rebels 
stole from us at New Orleans, last Spring. She carries nine 
guns, eight thirty-two's and one long sixty-four on a pivot. 
Flash followed flash in quick succession. Scarcely a foot of 
ground could be seen that was not cut and torn up by the shot 
and shell; but the men stood noljly by their little gun — load- 
ing and firing as coolly as if they were practicing at a target 
— but making almost every shot tell on some of their boats. 

"They stationed one of their gunboats above the Point, 
another below, while the Cutter and the other four btjats oc- 
cupied a position immediately iu front, and now they pour 
in a most terrible cross-lire. It seemed as if (»ur little battery 
of but one gun, protected only by a simple earthwork, would be 
blown into the air. Still our gallant spirits stood by their 
gun, the sweat streaming from their faces, apparently per- 
fectly unconscious of the terrible odds against them. 

"A shot from their sixty-four struck the muzzle of our gun 
and knocked off a piece as large as a nuvn's hand. Two 
inches lower and it would have entirely disabled it. 

"At this time, thinking, I suppose, to make short work of| 
it, they stood in for the shore, and now our Enfield riHes 
came in good play. As soon as they came within range, we 
opened upon tliem and soon drove aw^ay every gunner from 
the guns on the nearest ])()at. Their sharp-shooters returned 
our fire, but their guns were of shorter range and did no 
harm. Concluding, I presume, that it was ratiier a w^arm 
place to laud, they stood ofi' from shore, when a shot from 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 61 

our gun struck the boiler of one of their boats, and a most 
terrible explosion followed. 

"Lieut. Reed seized our flag, (it had been planted in the 
morning at the right of the battery,) and springing upon the 
breastwork, planted it there. Our boys cheered, and poured 
in a parting volley. The boat on which the explosion oc- 
curred, floated down the river, and our scouts report that 
she sunk about three miles below. 

"The others ceased firing and withdrew from the contest. 
Thus did one twenty-four pound gun and two hundred men 
successfully contend for two hours with seven iron-clad gun- 
boats, mounting some thirty-five guns, from thirty-two to 
eighty-four pounders. 

"The loss of the enemy must have been severe, as numbers 
were seen to fall from the fire of our small arms, and the ex- 
plosion must have caused a terrible loss of life. We did not 
have a man hurt.'" 

The capture of Fort Thompson, the running of the block- 
ade, the destruction of the gunboats, as described above, led 
to the abandonment of Island Kumber Ten and Tiptonville, 
by the rebel forces. The Forty-Seventh was ordered to Tip- 
tonville, on the twelfth of April, 1862, and Colonel Slack 
placed in command of the forces stationed at Tiptonville, 
Island Number Ten and New Madrid. 

Our gunboats were bombarding Fort Pillow. Farragut had 
taken ISTew Orleans. The capture of Fort Pillow soon fol- 
lowed, and the fleet moved upon Memphis, which surren- 
dered on the 6th of June. 

On the twelfth. Colonel Slack, with the Thirty-Fourth and 
Forty-Seventh Indiana, marched through its streets, being 
the first Union troops that entered Memphis. By order of 
General Quimby, Colonel Slack was appointed Post Com- 
mander. His executive ability was conceded by friend and 
foe ; his orders were just and faithfully enforced. The Forty- 
Seventh was detailed as provost guard, and won an enviable 
reputation in maintaining order and quiet in the city. One 
order issued by Colonel Slack, forbiding the circulation of 
Confederate Scrip, caused considerable excitement among the 
civil autliorities. The following is the order and correspond- 
ence whic'l; eiiMK'd : 



62 REniMENTAL HISTORY^ 

GENERAL ORDER NUMHKR TliUICE. 

" Headquarters United States Forces, 
Memphis, Tenn., June 13, 18G2. 
"Hereafter tlie dealing in, and passage of, currency known 
as "Confederate Scrip" or "Confederate Xotes" is jtosi- 
tiveh' prohibited, and tiie use thereof as a circulating medium 
regarded as an insult to the government of the United St.ntes, 
and an imposition upon the ignorant and deluded. 

All j)ersons offending against the provisions of tliis order 
will be promptly arrested and severely punisiied by the mili- 
tary authorities. 

By order of James 11. Slack, Colonel Commanding Post. 

M. P. Evans, A. A. A. G." 

" To James B. Slack, Colonel Commanding Post : 

*'The Board of Mayor and Aldermen beg leave to represent 
that the condition of their constituents is such as to make 
the order you have issued in regard to the circulation of 
Confederate notes, a great hardship. Scarcely any other 
circulating medium is now held by them, and thoui^ands will 
be unable to purchase food witliout their use. Without the 
opportunity to earn wages by their labor, and deprived the 
privilege of using the money they now hold, there must be 
great distress and suffering, and, perhaps, even starvation. 
Were the matter left for sixty days' time to the judgment 
and discretion of the people, the usual results would be 
secured, of banit^hing from circulation the medium which is 
an object of distrust, and the common employments and 
course of business being revived, the poor and laboring class 
would be enabled to provide means of support for themselves 
and their families, by resuming their accustomed occupations. 
This has been the course, as we are informed, in Xew Orleans 
and other captured cities, and the Board of Aldermen trust 
that their constituents are not to be subjected to acts of op- 
pression, and to causes of sufi'ering greater than have been 
visited upon other cities. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

John Park, Mayor." 
Memphis, June 13, 1862. 



regimental history. 63 

" Headquarters United States Forces, 
Memphis, Tenn., June 14, 1862, 
"Hon. John Park, Maijor : 

*'SiR: The communication received from you in belialf of 
the Board of Aldermen and IVIayor of the citj' of Mempliis, 
has been most respectfully considered, and due weight given 
to all the argument you have made. The destitution and 
distress of which you speak, it strikes me, will be much more 
likely to affect a very different class from those to whom 
you refer. 

"It is a fact, the truth of which I presume will not be ques- 
tioned, that the so-called Confederate States issued nearly all 
their notes in bills of the denomination of fifty dollars and 
twenty dollars, and from this fact I conclude the laboring 
class of your city — those who are dependent upon their daily 
toil for a subsistence — are not found with any considerable 
amount in their possession, and the ruinous effect, to which 
you allude, will strike a different class altogether. The 
calamity of having to contend with a depreciated currency, 
and to which you refer, will come upon the people sooner or 
later, and I see no reason why it may not as well come noio 
as sixty days hence. 

" Those who have been the most active in getting up this 
wicked rebellion are the individuals whose pockets are lined 
with Confederate notes, and if sixty days' time should be 
given them, it is only giving that much time for those who 
are responsible for its issue to get rid of it without loss, and 
the worthless trash will be found in the hands of the unsus- 
pecting and credulous, wdio have always been the dupes of 
designing Shylocks, by inducing them to accept of a circula- 
ting medium which was issued to aid in the destruction of 
the first and best government ever known to civilization. I 
never will by any act of mine, or the failure to discbarge any 
duty imposed upon me, do that which will directly or re- 
motely contribute to the downfall of the government of my 
country, nor will I permit to be done that which would tend 
to such an unholy purpose. 

"Should 'Confederate Notes' be permitted to be used as 
a cii-culati^ig medium where the flag of the United States 



64 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

flouts, so far as an act of that could give character to such a 
treasonahlc currency, it wonUl (h) so, and thus the very basis 
of" the rebellion be made res[)ectable by contact with the gov- 
ernment it seeks to destroy, an act which I shall, in no in- 
stance, be found aiding or abetting. With the ardent hope 
that you have mistaken the legitimate results of the effect 
to be produced upon the citizens whom you represent, I am 
compelled to say there is nothing in your arguments which 
I can see, that will induce me to change or modify the terms 
of General Order number three, but I shall insist upon its rigid 
enforcement. 

I have the honor to be, sir, 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Jas. 11. Slack, 
Colonel Commanding Post." 

Contrary to the predictions of the disloyal citizens of 
Memphis, "General Order, Ino. 3," was universally approved 
by the army, and sanctioned by a majority of the people. 
Col. Slack was continued in command by Maj. Gen. J.ew, 
Wallace, and on the arrival of Major General Grant was 
assigned to the command of the troops for the defense of 
Memphis. 

On the twentj^-fourth of July, the Forty-Seventh was 
ordered to report to Major General Curlis, at Helena, 
Arkansas, and, on arriving there, was brigaded with tlie 
command of General Washburn, and detailed as provost 
guard. 

On the fifteenth of August, a detachment of the Fortj-- 
Seventh, in charge of Captain Moorhouse, Company A, sent 
by General Washburn into the State of Mississippi, opposite 
Helena, for the purpose of guarding government cotton, was 
surprised by guerrillas, in a night attack, and Company A 
lost eleven men in killed and wounded. While at Helena, 
the regiment suffered much from sickness, losing nearly one 
hundred men. 

Fort Curtis, being completed, was put iti charge of the 
regiment, and Company G, Captain Tlenley, detailed to man 
thi- guns. Lieut. Colonel Robinson having been promoted 



REGIMENTAL HISTOllY. 65 

Colonel of the Seventy-Fifth Indiana, John A. AIcLaughlin 
became Lieutenant Colonel, and Lewis H. Goodwin, Major of 
the regiment. After General Sherman, with a large force, 
went down the Mississippi to commence operations against 
Vicksburg, General Gorman resolved to fit out an expedition 
for White river. The Thirty-Fourth, Forty-Sixth and Forty- 
Seventh Indiana formed part of the forces, and were com- 
manded by Colonel Slack. On the eleventh of January, 
1863, the expedition embarked. 

On the twenty-third of February, the regiment joined an 
expedition, commanded by General Ross, with the intent to 
reach the rear of Vicksburg, and the united forces embarked 
at Helena for Yazoo Pass. On the sixteenth of March, after 
ten days' fighting, they came within range of the rebel Fort 
Pemberton. The gunboats silenced the guns of the fort, but 
as the fort was nearly surrounded by water, so that infan- 
try could not approach with any hope of success, the expe- 
dition returned. 

The forces were now reorganized for the investment of 
Vicksburg. The Forty-Seventh Indiana was placed in a 
brigade with tlie Twenty-Fourth and Twenty-Eighth Iowa, 
the Fifty-Sixth Ohio, and two batteries — the First Missouri, 
and Peoria — under command of Col. Slack ; forming the 
Second brigade, Twelfth division. Thirteenth army corps, led 
by Brig. Gen. Alvin P. Hovey. The division reached Milli- 
ken's Bend, Louisiana, April fourteenth, and marched across 
the Peninsula, twenty miles below Vicksburg, to Perkins' 
plantation, bridging all streams and bayous as they pro- 
ceeded, to facilitate the passage of the wagon trains. From 
this point they embarked for Hard Times, and landed, oppo- 
site Grand Gulf, where the rebels were entrenched, 
behind fortifications a mile in extent. The fleet was to silence 
the rebel batteries, and, this efiected, the infantry were to 
storm the works; but the gunboats failed to efiect their pur- 
pose, and the men marched three miles below Grand Gulf, 
and, destitute of tents, slept on the ground. At ten o'clock 
that night our gunboats ran the blockade at Vicksburg, with- 
out the loss of a single man. The roar of artillery was ter- 
rific. The spectacle was sublime. 
Vol. IL— 5. 



66 REGIMENTAL IIISTOIIV. 

The next morning, embarking on the transports which had 
run the blockade, the division was carried eleven miles, and 
landed on the eastern side of the Mississippi. Here they 
halted long enough to draw rations, and then pushed for- 
ward, marching all night, so as to be ready for the battle of 
the morrow. It was a lovely night. In that southern sky 
the stars seemed to shine with greater brilliancy. The softly 
stirring breeze Avas freighted with the fragrance of sweetest 
flowers. The men marched joyously on ; some jesting, others 
caroling snatches of lively song, or chanting the hymns they 
had learned to love at home. Home ! alwaj's dear to the 
soldier's heart, and doubly so on the eve of battle. Before 
the next morning blushed into day, the storm of battle had 
passed over that joyous column, and the blood of a thousand 
patriots had reddened the field. 

The battle of Port Gibson was fought on the first of May, 
1863. The Forty-Seventh Indiana, under command of Lieu- 
tenant Colonel John A. McLaughlin, Avas ordered into line 
soon after sunrise and formed under fire of the enemy. 

Gen. Benton's forces being heavil}^ pressed by the rebels, 
Gen. Hovey ordered Col. Slack to bring up his brigade to 
their support. The Fifty-Sixth Ohio and Thirty-Fourth In- 
diana at once charged a rebel battery, capturing the guns and 
many prisoners. The following narrative of the engagement 
is draw from official reports, and shows the part taken by the 
Forty-Seventh Indiana on that blood}- field: 

At about six and a half o'clock a. m., the Forty-Seventh 
regiment was formed in line of battle b}' Lieutenant Colonel 
John A. McLaughlin, commanding, on the extreme right of 
the Second brigade, where the battle immediately opened on 
the part of the infantry. An hour later they were ordered 
to the left and front, to support the First Missouri battery, 
(Captain Schofield,) which position was up on the height, on 
the left of the road leading to Port Gibson, and about a mile 
in advance of the first line of battle, and was occupied for 
more than two hours and a half. As the enemy were maneu- 
vering on the right effective volleys were fired into them. 
The bullets of the enemy fell thick and fast, but the hill af- 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 67 

forded protection, and the men stood firm. At eleven o'clock 
Colonel McLaughlin was ordered to move liis men to the 
front. Hurrying his command ten miles for\vai-d,on the Port 
Gibson road, he formed his regiment in line of battle on the 
crest of the hill, to the right of the road. Company D was 
ordered forward as skirmishers, and the regiment advanced 
to the extreme front, over a ridge, across Willow creek, and 
to the top of the hill beyond, and formed in line of battle in 
the open field, the skirmishers being hotly engaged with the 
Third and Fifth Missouri rebel regiments, and all exposed to 
a rebel battery, which was continually playing upon them. 
The contest was fierce for half an hour, the Forty-Seventh 
holding its own to good purpose, when the Colonel discovered 
that the rebels were advancing in line, at double-quick on his 
right, and in a position favorable to take him upon the right 
flank and in the rear. As the Forty-Seventh was far 
in advance of the main body, and believed itself unsup- 
ported, it retired by left flank along the ravine through 
which it had gained the summit of the hill, and formed in 
line of battle at right angles with their former position, their 
left resting upon it, and they immediately opened a brisk fire 
on the enemy's lines, who were in full charge upon them. 
The battle raged furiously for two hours, during which the 
pieces became so heated by rapid, continuous firing, as to 
render it unsafe to continue firing. The Nineteenth Ken- 
tucky came to their relief, and the Forty- Seventh retired a 
few paces to the gulley formed by "Willow creek. The firing 
having ceased, and the enemy being routed at this point, the 
Forty-Seventh stacked arms, and being exhausted by the pre- 
vious night's march, and the heat and fatigues of the day, 
were resting, when suddenly a well directed volley from the 
enemy, who had skulked up under cover of the bushes on 
the crest of the hill, startled them, and again they sprang to 
arms and formed in line of battle under cover of the ravine 
and advanced to the bed of the stream, which they held the 
remainder of the day without farther molestation. 

"During the entire day," says Col. McLaughlin in his re- 
port, "the conduct of both officers and men under my com- 
mand was most admirable. They evinced the coolness and 



68 llKfilMENTAL IIISTORY. 

presence of mind which charactcrizdl veterans." Says 
Colonel Slack, in his official report: "During the whole 
time the Forty-Seventh Indiana, under command of Lieu- 
tenant Colonel John A. McLaughlin, was hotly engaged 
with a heavy force of rebel infantry, on the extreme left, 
who were trying to reach the left Hank, and it repulsed 
them at every effort and drove tliem back with great slaugh- 
ter," In this engagement the Fifth Missouri rebel regi- 
ment was almost literally annihilated, there being but nine- 
teen of them left, who were taken prisoners. Their capture 
closed the battle on the right; it was a fair battle of regiment 
against regiment, of about equal numbers and equally armed, 
resulting in the complete triumph of the troops of Ohio and 
Indiana over the chivalric braggarts and flower of the South- 
ern army. 

" For the cool and gallant conduct of all the field and Hue 
officers, and the persevering determination of each and every 
one in my command, I cannot express too much gratitude 
and admiration. To them belongs the glory of the triumph 
— every officer and every man having done his whole duty." 

The next important engagement in which the Forty- 
Seventh participated was the battle of Champion Hills. The 
combatants confronted each other at close musket range, the 
distance between them varying from twenty to two hundred 
yards. The odds were heavy against the Federal forces, in 
some parts of the field being in the proportion of five to one. 
But the order passed along the line that the Hill must be 
taken, and it was taken. The reports appended will show 
how the bloody field was won : 

James B. Slack, Colonel Commanding Second brigade, Twelfth 
division, Thirteenth army corps: 

"Sir: I respectfully submit the following report of the 
part borne by the Forty-Seventh Indiana in the engagement 
of the sixteenth instant, on Midway or Champion Hills. 

" About nine o'clock, on the morning of the sixteenth, I 
was ordered to form in line of battle on the left of the road 
leading from Clinton to Edward's Depot. After forming on 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 6.9 

Champion's plantation in rear of the houses, the line was 
ordered to be advanced beyond the house one hundred 3'ards, 
where the regiment was halted, and Companies G and B were 
thrown forward as skirmishers, covering the entire front of 
the line occupied by the regiment. Under this cover the 
whole command moved forward, slowly and cautiously, for a 
distance of about two hundred yards, when a brisk fire was 
opened on the left of our skirmishers. The enemy fell back, 
and the two companies, as skirmishers, were relieved by 
Company A. Soon after, word was received that the enemy 
were attempting to flank us on the left. I immediately 
changed the line of battle, and threw the three left companies 
forward, but failing to meet the enemy, after advancing a 
short distance, I was ordered to move to the support of the 
Eleventh and Forty-Sixth Indiana regiments, who were 
engaged on the road upon our right. I ordered in the com- 
panies that were out at the time, and immediately moved by 
the right flank, in double-quick time, crossing the road under 
a galling fire from the enemy, and formed on the crest of the 
hill, within fifty yards of the enemy, who w^ere sheltered 
behind a dwelling house, and out buildings and heavy timber, 
thereby giving them a decided advantage and enabling them 
to pour a heavy fire upon us. Still our position was main- 
tained and the fire returned. This sharp contest lasted about 
an hour, when, by reason of overwhelming numbers, the rebels 
were enabled to flank us upon the right and left, which ren- 
dered our position difiicult to hold any longer. In conse- 
quence of this, we fell back about two hundred yards to the 
crest of the hill, near a corn field, and formed in line of battle 
at right angles with our former position. This ground we 
held about two hours, until reinforcements were received, 
when the enemy were repulsed and driven back, and the old 
position re-occupied, after which the regiment returned to 
the corn field in rear of the field of battle. As the men were 
exhausted, we rested and reorganized our shattered ranks, 
and the men filled their cartridge boxes to complete the work 
of the day. After resting about an hour we were ordered to 
move forward in support of the column that was driving the 
enemy. We marched about two miles when we were ordered 



70 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

into c-canip for the night. The list of killed, wounded and 
missing, numbers one hundred and fortj'-two. Major Lewis 
H. Goodwin was severely wounded, and the two Lieutenants 
of Company B killed. 

Taking into consideration the length of time we were 
engaged, the overwhelming numbers we had to contend with, 
and the loss we have sustained, it is satisfactory evidence of 
the gallantry and courage shown by the oflicers and men 
under my command. They did their whole duty. In regard 
to number and names of killed, wounded and missing of the 
regiment under my command, 3'ou are referred to special 
report. 

I have the honor to be. Sir, 

Very respectfully, your ob't serv't, 
Jno. a. McLaughlin, 

Lieut. Col. Com'dg. 

In his brigade report of the same battle, Col. Slack writes: 
"The Forty-Seventh Indiana, Fifty-Sixth Ohio and Twenty- 
Eighth Iowa, were all engaged at the same time against most 
fearful odds — what seemed to me to be five times their num- 
ber, and held them in check for at least two hours. Rein- 
forcements not reaching us, and our ranks being badly 
depleted, I directed the whole command to retire gradually 
from the field, and take position near the crest of the hill, 
where the rebel lines were first formed, which was done in 
good order, when a brigade came to our relief, and after a 
few, well directed volleys, aided by the batteries which Gen. 
Hovey had massed upon the extreme right, the enemy was 
routed, and fled in great confusion and disorder from the 
field." 

"Thus ended this unequal, terrible and sanguinary conflict, 
which in point of terrific firmness and stubborn pertinacity 
finds but few parallels in the history of civilized warfare. For 
two long hours my brigade held in check fully three times 
their number, and I hesitate not to say that had they not so 
gallantly and determinedly resisted, the fortunes of the day 
might have been greatly damaged, if not our glorious triumph 
turned into a defeat. I cannot speak in too high terms of 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 71 

commendation — every one discharging his duty with that 
degree of cool determination and valor which inspired them 
to deeds of daring and wild enthusiasm, that knew not the 
meaning of resistance. To each and everj- one are the thanks 
of a grateful country due. 

"With reference to the hrave officers and men who fell in 
that sanguinary conflict — who resolved to do or die in defense 
of and for the perpetuation of the best government ever 
known to civilization, we can not now do more than to assure 
their friends at home, that they fell with their faces to the 
foe, in defense of the constitution of a common country. 

"During the terrible charge on the battery, Major Ed. 
Wright, of the Twenty-Fourth Iowa, was wounded in the 
abdomen, immediately after whicli he captured a stalwart 
rebel and obliged him to carry him off the Held. 

" In the battle, Capt. George W. Willhelm, of Co. F, Fitty- 
Sixth Ohio, was badly wounded by a shot through the left 
breast, and taken prisoner. After being removed about six 
miles from the field, he was left in charge of a rebel soldier 
as a guard. The rebel laying down his gun for the purpose 
of taking some observations, the captain seized it, took his 
guard prisoner, and, marching back to camp, gave him into 
the hands of the provost marshal." 

Where all behaved so well, it is difficult to specify instances 
of distinguished personal bravery; but the names of First 
Lieutenant Perry and Second Lieutenant Cole, of Company 
B, of the Forty-Seventh Indiana, were often mentioned after 
the day was won. " The Forty-Seventh never gives back!" 
exclaimed Lieutenant Perry, and, while gallantly leading his 
men, he was pierced by two balls and fell. Lieutenant Cole 
sprang to the front, and rallied the men, but a moment more 
and he fell, mortally wounded. Sergeant Brown, of Wabash, 
now first lieutenant, led the company during the rest of the 
contest. 

The brigade of Colonel Slack, after three days' skirmishing 
at the crossing of Black river, where it had been stationed 
to resist the advance of General Johnston, was ordered to the 
investment of Vicksburg. The Forty-Seventh performed its 
part in the siege and capture of that city. With no respite 



72 IlEUIMENTAL HISTORY. 

from tlicir toil, the regiment was ordered, under command of 
Major Ueneral Sherman, in ])ursuit of General Johnston. 
The men suffered severely, by reason of tlie intense heat and 
lack of water. After several days' lighting, witli varied 
success, around Jackson, the expedition returned. 

During the Mississippi campaign, which commenced the 
latter part of April, and embraced seventj-'-eight days, there 
were sixty-three days of fighting, and the Forty-Seventh, in 
every recounoisance, surprise, or engagement, in which it was 
called to act, conducted itself with distinguished gallantry. 

The Thirteenth army corps vras detached from Gen. Grant, 
and ordered to ^S'atchez, Mississippi, where it was delayed 
until August twelfth, 1863, when it embarked on transports 
for jSTew Orleans. It remained there until September twelfth, 
when the Forty-Seventh, Avith the rest of the division, reached 
Brashear City, and on the first of October went on the Texas 
campaign to Opelousas. The expedition returned in a week 
to Carrion Crow bayou. At Grand Couteau the forces of 
Gen. Burbridge had an engagement with Gen. Green's Texas 
men. In the battle the division of Gen. Burbridge, having 
been suddenly attacked, lost six hundred men, but the enemy 
was completely routed by the arrival of reinforcements. 

While the Forty-Seventh was encamped at New Iberia, ten 
men and two teams were surprised and captured by the 
Seventh Texas mounted infantry. A retaliation was made a 
f6w days afterward, when tlie rebel camp was surprised and 
the entire regiment captured. At this place, also, the call of 
the President upon the old regiments to enlist for three 
years, or the war, was received, and met a hearty endorsement 
from the soldiers in arms.' The Forty-Seventh, the first 
regiment in the department of the Gulf that responded to 
the call, re-enlisted in a body, and returned to New Orleans, 
and encamped at Algiers, December twenty-fifth, 1863, to 
complete their enlistment papers. Adjutant Vance was 
appointed recruiting officer for the regiment. Colonel Slack 
and Lieut. Col. McLaughlin had been ordered home to secure 
recruits, leaving Major Goodwin in command, who, with the 
adjutant, worked untiringly until February ninth, 1864, when 
the regiment had orders to report to Gov. 0. P. Morton, at 



RESIME^TTAL HISTORY. 73 

Indianapolis, and, embarking on the Continental, reached 
that city on the nineteenth of February. The citizens greeted 
the returning heroes with a sumptuous dinner, and, with the 
Twenty-First Indiana, commanded by Colonel Keith, they 
were welcomed by Governor Morton and Mayor Caven with 
speeches and congratulations which converted their return 
into an ovation. 

The Forty-Seventh left Indianapolis in December, 1861, 
with nine hundred and sixty men. Subsequently, one hun- 
dred men were recruited for the regiment. For a year past 
it has constantly been in the field and on duty, more than any 
other regiment in the division, and it enters the veteran ser- 
vice four hundred and thirty-seven men, a much larger num- 
ber than any infantry regiment that has at this time returned 
to the State. 

"While the men of the Forty-Seventh were absent from 
home, they were not unmindful of the duties of morality and 
religion. At Tiptonville, church accommodations were fitted 
up for the entire regiment. At Helena, a church forty by 
twenty-four feet was built, the regimental church was more 
fully formed, a weekly prayer meeting was established, and 
the sacrament of the Lord's Supper administered. Two 
debating societies were organized, and two singing schools 
instituted, one a free school by Mr. Judd, of Tipton, the other 
a pay school, by Lieutenant Hayford. 

The chaplain of the regiment, at the time of his enlistment, 
was President of the College of Indiana. Suspending the 
college till the war should end, he and sixty- two of his pupils 
found their way into the army to battle for their country. 
He possessed the entire confidence of the soldiers, and labored 
cheerfully for their welfare. A special order for a time 
assigned him to duty as Superintendent of Freedmen and 
Commissioner to lease abandoned plantations in Arkansas ; 
but as soon as he could be relieved he rejoined the regiment. 
The moral and gentlemanly deportment of the men, which 
was universally remarked by their friends during their 
recent visit home, is not less a compliment to the officers 
and men, than a high and deserved commendation of the 
efforts and influence of the chaplain. 



74 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

James R. Slack, Colonel of the Forty-Seventh Indiana, is 
a life-long democrat, and from the hour the rebels fired npon 
Fort Sumter came out nobly in defence of the Union. He is 
a true hearted patriot, and rather than the country should be 
rent in twain by the hand of treason, stands readyhythesideof 
Logan, IIovc}', and a thousand peers, to ]ay down his life in 
defense of the nation, lie has led his men gallantly in every 
action ; and has proved himself humane, social, generous, 
brave, and of more than average ability, whether regarded as 
regimental, brigade, or post commander. He enjoys the love 
and confidence of his men in an eminent degree, and merits 
well of the country he has so faithf>illy served. 

Colonel Slack had a peculiar way of dealing with the rebels. 
"While on the Teche expedition a smooth tongued rebel asked 
him. What made the western men make common cause with 
the East in warring upon the South? "Did you suppose" 
asked Colonel Slack, "that we would give up the navigation 
of the Mississippi?" "As for that," replied the Teche man, 
"w^e would have entered into a treaty with you, and for a 
small tariff you could have had the commerce of the river." 
"For a small tariff!" indignantly exclaimed the Colonel, 
"there is no limit to the insufferable impudence of you 
heathen traitors. The Mississippi starts up in our country, 
and gets its volume of water there, and if you have much, 
of that kind of talk, we will monopolize the whole river, 
and sell the w^atcr out to you by the gallon. Talk about 
tariff! you shan't have a pint without paying for it unless 
you come back to the old flag." 

During the time Colonel Slack was Post Commander of 
Memphis, Rev. Mr. Davis, Cumberland Presbyterian, was 
charged with praying, on two successive Sabbaths, for Jeff. 
Davis and the success of the Southern Confederacy. Colonel 
Slack sent for him, and enquired if the charge was true. He 
admitted it was and began to justify his course. "Just 
as I expected," said the Colonel. "If a man is mean and 
vile enough to be a traitor, he is mean and vile enough 
to apologize for it. Xo doubt you thought it very brave and 
chivalrous to pray for Jeff. Davis; but you are very much 
mistaken. It is a matter of taste. Perhaps you supposed 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 75 

you would be persecuted for your briivado. But you are out 
there. I shall not send you to jail if you pray for the devil. 
It would only prove that you are a wolf in sheep's clothing, 
and disgrace your pulpit, and insult your people. If you 
wish to advertise yourself as a traitor, and devoid of all com- 
mon sense and decency, keep on as you have begun, you will 
get your reward by and by." Mr. Davis, it is needless to 
say, left, a wiser man. 

Lieutenant Colonel John A. McLaughlin entered the 
Forty-Seventh Eegiment as Captain of Company A. He 
was an Orderly Sergeant in the Mexican war, and filled the 
position of First Lieutenant in the Eleventh Indiana, during 
the three months campaign in Western Virginia. His 
knowledge of military duty, his known bravery and coolness 
in the hour of danger, and his civil and courteous bearing, 
rendered his connection with the Forty-Seventh of great 
value to the regiment. When Major Mickle resigned. Cap- 
tain McLaughlin, by regular line of promotion, became 
Major; afterwards being appointed Lieutenant Colonel when 
Lieutenant Colonel Robinson was commissioned Colonel of 
the Seventy-Fifth Indiana. He has led the regiment in 
every action in which it has been engaged since it left Helena 
to take part in the seige of Vicksburg. The men have great 
faith in "Colonel Mac," as they call him. They believe in 
him as a soldier and love him as an ofiicer. It is on the field 
of battle he appears to best advantage. There, nothing 
surprises him, and there he is most at home. 

Doctor J. L. Dicken, the ranking Surgeon of the Regi- 
ment, has carefully guarded the health of the men, and they 
confide in his skill. He has frequently acted as Post Surgeon, 
as at Memphis and Helena, and as Brigade and Division 
Surgeon in the field. 

J. R. Mills, Assistant Surgeon, died at Helena, of pneu- 
monia. He was universally respected and beloved by the 
Regiment, 

Adjutant M. P. Evarts lost his health at Tiptonville, re- 
turned home, and died shortly afterward. He was the first 
Btaft' officer summoned by death, and the event cast a gloom 
over the whole Regiment. 



7G REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

Doctor "William 11. Vance, of Portland, succeded him as 
Adjutant, and has proved himself a competent and faithful 
officer. By his companionable qualities he contributed 
largely to the good fellowship of the stafi'. 

Quartermaster George Nichol continued with the regiment 
to the time of its re-enlistment, when he resigned. His qual- 
ifications for business, his integrity and purity of character, 
his intelligence and social qualities endeared him to the men, 
and they parted with him with regret. 

James R. Bruner, Captain of Company D, has recently 
been promoted to the Lieutenant Colonelcy of the One 
Hundred and Thirtieth Indiana Volunteers. 

John R. Wallace, Quartermaster Sergeant, has been pro- 
moted to the Captaincy of Company E, Twenty-Fifth Regi- 
ment, Corps d'Afrique. 

Several other Sergeants have also been promoted to Lieu- 
tenantcies in regiments of colored troops. 




^ ^yUU^yhC/>C'<>^ 



BIOGEAPHICAL SKETCH. 



CHAPTER in. 

GENERAL SOLOMON MEREDITh/ 

The subject of this sketch, was born on the twenty-ninth 
of May, 1810, in Guilford county, North Carolina, from which 
place he came to Wayne county, Indiana, where he arrived 
on the sixth of May, 1829. Here, a penniless boy, he at once 
accepted his destiny of labor. Self-reliant, he threw himself 
into the harness of life with promptitude and intrepidity. 
He was engaged by Air. Jeremy Mansur, of Wayne county, to 
cut cord wood. At this time the grand ambition of young 
Meredith was to raise money enough to buy himself an ax. 
And this ax was to hew a proud way for him in the world! 
At this period of his life the words of the great Poet fit him 
well, — 

" Lowliness is young ambition's ladder." 

His ax acquired, Solomon " worked away" for wages which, 
exclusive of his board, amounted to about six dollars per 
mouth. Soon, (at the age of nineteen or thereabouts), he 
went to school — to the common schools of the country — 
working through the winters, to pay his board. JSTow, a 
great many young gentlemen have "finished" a collegiate 
course at nineteen years of age, and have been good for 
nothing, either to themselves or to society, while their privi- 
leges have been all which birth and patronage could bestow. 
But, as with all things else, so it is with the wealth of knowl- 

(77) 



78 BIOOHArUICAL SKETCU. 

edge. Tliosc who earn, prize their acquisitions. The youth 
who toils his way on foot over lamdreds of weary milc3 
to the hind which he has chosen as liis adoption; who 
sweats his way by inflexible labor to the blessings of the 
schools, knows how to husband each precious moment 
which can be snatched for study. Such youths as these are 
they who literally "hunger and thirst" for knowledge. Such 
youths as these arc those who mean to do something in this 
life; to add to the uttermost to the talents which have been 
entrusted to them. Such youths as these are they who are 
wide awake; looking carefully, intelligently and constantly 
at what is' passing about thcni, with the "intent, soul of ob- 
■^ervation;" students of men and things, as well as of books; 
gatherers up of every useful fact which belongs to the prac- 
tical age in which they live, and so building that strong and 
healthy foundation for the mind of the man who is to help 
things push along to the thronging events which bestud the 
progress of the world. It is in this sort of mould that self 
made men are cast; and to self made men humanity is most 
indebted. We will add (that it may not be supposed that 
any assault is here aimed at regular education) that by the 
expression self made men is intended those who, like young 
Meredith, industriously and with discrimination, enrich their 
understandings with the gold of knowledge. 

Meredith early began to reap what he had so carefully and 
laboriously sown. In 1834, five years only from the date 
wiien, penniless and unfriended, he set his feet on her soil, he 
was elected to the important oflice of sheriff of the prosper- 
ous and intelligent county of Wayne. How^ well he dis- 
charged the delicate and responsible duties of his new posi- 
tion, and how he maintained the confidence of his old friends 
and won new ones, is emphatically told by the fact that he 
was re-elected to this post after the expiration of his term; 
and thus he re-entered upon the duties of sheriff' in 1836. 

After the close of his second term as sherifl:", having mean- 
time married, Mr. Meredith turned hia attention more closely 
than he had heretofore done, to his personal affairs, and 
engaged largely in mercantile operations. But, nevertheless, 
during this period, he was eagerly and constantly interested 



GENERAL SOL. MEKEDITll. 79 

iu the public events whicli were then quite stirring and im- 
portant. Always a devoted friend of Henry Chiy, he was 
found laljoring in the cause of tliat great party leader — and 
constantly awake to the interests of his county and state, he 
was tiien among the foremost in preparing the way for those 
internal improvements which now so enrich and adorn the 
State of Indiana, and he gave his energies, likewise, to the 
then budding agricultural interest of his State. Omitting, as 
space compels us, many noticable details which belong to this 
part of his career, we hurry on to the next public step in the 
course of the subject of this sketch. 

Mr. Meredith entered the House of Representatives of In- 
diana in 1846, to which post he was, successively, re-elected 
in the years 1847 and 1848. He was at once called to import- 
ant duties, to which we have only room to allude. In 1846 
he was appointed chairman of the Committee on lioads. In 
1847 he held the grave trust of chairman of the Committee 
on the State Bank. In 1848 he was made chairman of that 
most important Committee, viz: — the Committee of Ways 
and Means. ISTever distinguished as an eloquent orator, 
or as a captivating, fanciful public speaker, yet what he said 
iu public was marked by a sound judgment upon facts to 
which he had given a careful and unbiased attention; and 
so earnestly and faithfully were his speeches expressed, that 
they won the confidence of his hearers in the soundness of 
his views. His successive re-elections, and the imposing 
trusts coniided to him by his fellow members of the legisla- 
tive body — each succeedinglegislativepost graduating upward 
in dignity — are more eloquent evidences of the esteem in 
which he was held by his constituents and public associates, 
than any mere speeches, reports, or other public acts would 
possibly be, even had we the space (as we have not), to pre- 
sent them here. It should be stated in this connection, how- 
ever, that iu 1847 Mr. Meredith was complimented by the 
vote of liis party as their candidate for the office of Speaker 
of the House of Kcprcsentativcs. After the change in the 
Constitution, making biennial sessions of the Legislature, Mr. 
Meredith, in 1854, was returned to that body for two years, 



80 BIOQRAPniCAL SKETClI. 

when lie was again chosen Chairman of the Committee on 
"Ways and Means. 

In April 1840, by the appointment of President Taylor, 
Mr. Meredith became entrusted with the duties of the high 
office of Marshal of the State of Indiana, which he held 
until the expiration of his term in 1853 — after which (as has 
before been noted), he was once more returned (in 1854), to 
the Legislature. 

Even thus far, the reader will note how rapid, how honor- 
able, how progressive has been the career of Meredith! We 
recur to it, not so much to do him the meed of deserved 
eulogy, as to impress the facts upon the minds of young 
men who may read what is here written, of the progress of 
an honorable boy, with no other inheritance than health — nay, 
who was oppressed by povertj', who was uneducated and 
friendless, until he made his friends and acquired his educa- 
tion by his own constancy and resolution. What a tribute to 
labor! what a commentary upon the fostering influence of our 
great and good government does this example present ! 
What more eloquent inducement than such biographies as 
this aflbrd can be offered to the citizen, to see well to it that 
his votes shall always be given, according to the best dictates 
of his judgment and conscience, to the most worthy; and 
that his life, if need be, shall be offered as an acceptable sac- 
rifice to preserve what he thus enjoys, for posterity and for 
his race. 

We pause here in the recital of the public career of Mr. 
Meredith to allude, briefly, to other matters connected with 
him, which it is both proper and just to record. In all that 
has gone to advance the interests of Indiana, while he has 
been on the stage of active life, he has taken a prominent and 
influential part. In all commanding matters of internal im- 
provement, of the eastern portion of the State, he has lent 
a helping hand; but nowhere have his efforts been more sig- 
nally felt, in this direction, than in the great interest of agri- 
culture. As an importer of rare and expensive stock, espe- 
cially of cattle, hogs and sheep, Mr. Meredith perhaps out- 
ranks all others in the western country. For the period of 
ten years he was the Vice President of the Agricultural So- 



GENERAL SOL. MHILK I>IT;J. 81 

ciety of Wayne county; for many years he was a leading 

member of the State Board of Agriculture, and he has been 

a constant and always successful, exhibitor at the State and 

United States Agricultural Fairs. It is quite sate to say that 

he has received more premiums at these exhibitions than lias 

any gentleman in the West. In this important connection 

let the young reader, especially, remark how tjiuch an active 

and well directed mind can accomplish, if the will and energy 

to do are only enlisted in that, to which all who expect the 

respect of their fellows are bound to contribute, viz: to the 

noble progress of mankind. And let it not be forgotten tliat 

agricultural prizes are contended for by those who have all 

the influence w^hich wealth can attach to laudable zeal; that 

agriculture engages the mind of the world. Hence he who 

triumphs here deserves well to wear the crown that he has 

won. Had Meredith won such asrricultural honors in Ens- 

land, they alone would have made his name famoas, and 

loaded him with distinction. And yet, in his wonderfully 

active life, this is but an item. 

We must needs compact what remains to be said of Gene- 
ral Meredith in the shortest justifiable space. 

From 1854 to 1859, the General was engaged in railroad 
enterprizes; was a Director of the Indiana Central Railroad 
for the spa(?e of four years, and w^as likewise one of the 
financial agents. In 1859 he was elected Clerk of the Court 
of Wayne county ; in 1860 lie was placed on the National 
Kepublican Committee by the great Chicago Convention, 
and it need not be said that he was one of the most useful 
and energetic abettors of that great party. 

We now^ approach Mr. Meredith's military life; and we do 
60 with that sort of diffidence which we consider belongs to 
the subject. 

Among the many great and brave men, among the cluster 
of stars of the first magnitude who have shone clear, and 
constant, and bright in the glorious constellation which shall 
forever illumine the picture of the sad night of the terrible 
rebellion, which now drapes all the land in the weeds of woe, 
— among such heroes dead and such heroes living, yet hold- 
ing their lives as a sacrifice ready to be offered on the sacred 
Vol. II.— 6 



82 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCU, 

altar of our dear native land, — heroes in the ranks, heroes in 
conimissiou — among all of those immortals, it is quite enough 
to say of the faithful and brave Meredith of the "OKI Iron 
Brigade," that be will be conspicuously remembered. 

In the month of July 1861, General Mereditli was appointed 
Colonel of the Nineteenth Indiana, whereby the office of 
Clerk of the County of Wayne v/as vacated; but so great 
was the attachment of his constituents to him, that during 
the following October they re-elected him to the office. He 
was promoted to the rank of Brigadier General on the sixth 
of October, 1862, when his constituents pressed on him a re- 
election to the clerkship, which he properly refused, notwith 
standing all the candidates for that lucrative office indicated 
a desire to decline in his favor. 

And now Meredith and his brigade become as classic and 
enduring as is the fame of the fields of Gainsville, of Bull 
Run, of Antietam, of South Mountain, of Fredericksburg, 
of Chancellorsville and of Gettysburg, in each of which they 
signally participated. Among the incidents personal to Gen- 
eral Meredith may be mentioned the facts, that he was 
wounded at Gainsville, and again at Gettysburg — that he 
forced the crossing of the llappahannock in pontoon boats, 
under the fire of the enemy, in April last, and charged and 
captured the fortifications of the enemy; for wjiich hazard- 
ous and skillful act, himself and command wcve thanked in 
general orders, — finally, that in addition to the above recital, 
he has been under fire about thirty different times. 

The personal appearance of General Meredith tells its own 
story. That tall, commanding form, (six feet six inches in 
height); those strong, marked features; tliose clear, penetrat- 
ing, yet amiable eyes, that resolute mouth, and affable, but 
self-reliant and independent bearing, denote exactly the sort 
of soul which animates them. No one can look on General 
Meredith, and read the word fail. America is written upon 
him. lie is a fine specimen, a fit representative of the genius 
of our country. 

After the battle of Gettysbu^rg, the General was removed 
to Washington, where, under good medical treatment, he so 



GENERAL SOL. MEREDITH. 83 

iiir recovered from his wounds, as to be able to leave for his 
home in August. 

By careful treatment he was soon measurably restored, and 
with his restoration his great anxiety again to return to his 
duties in the field, bade defiance to the advice of his physi- 
cian and friends; his indomitable energy, perseverance and 
patriotism prevailed, and in November he rejoined his com- 
mand in the Army of the PotomaCj and took the field in 
charge of the First Division, First Army Corps. 

Notwithstanding his ardent desire to serve his country, he 
was advised by the Medical Director to abandon his com- 
mand, as his failing health in the exposure of camp life, im- 
peratively demanded rest. Thus urged and expostulated 
with, he again reluctantly sought restoration in the bosom of 
his family and quiet of his home. He was urged not to 
attempt field duty again, as he was subject to severe attacks 
of hemorrhage of the lungs. 

Although still suffering from the efiects of his wounds, he 
reported for duty, and was assigned to the charge of the mili- 
tary post of Cairo, Illinois. 

When General Meredith assumed command at Cairo, he 
found his post by no means a pleasant or idle one. An im- 
mense amount of business had been suftered to accumulate, 
much of it of an intricate nature, involving charges against 
officers and citizens, as well as the title of the Government to 
large amounts of property. With his customary energy, the 
General attacked the work before him, and finally brought 
order out of chaos, and completed his task most satisfactorily. 
He found in the military prison one hundred and thirty citi- 
zens and soldiers confined upon almost every conceivable 
charge. These cases were immediately disposed of, many of 
them receiving the General's personal attention ; the guilty 
were punished, and the innocent were discharged. Few can 
form an idea of the office labor performed while General 
Meredith was in command at Cairo — rarely did he retire to 
rest before midnight, and the earliest dawn found hitn pa- 
tiently^ at work at his desk. 

His investigations brought to light many frauds that had 
been perpetrated upon the Government by one or two subor- 



84 BIOCKAPinCAli SKETCH. 

dinatea, and alst) a flagrant system of corruption. Such a 
state of things was not for a moment to be tolerated under 
General Meredith's command. The guilty parties soon found 
themselves removed from their positions, and proper criminal 
charges were preferred against them. 

This promptness to punish offenders, though beneficial to 
the public and the service, created much prejudice against the 
General, through the machinations of the friends of the 
guilty parties, who possessed much influence both in and out 
of the army. 

The only troops in Cairo, during the Generars administra- 
tion were the One Hundred and Thirty-Ninth Illinois, a one 
hundred day regiment, just raised, and wholly ignorant of 
every duty of a soldier. This regiment he soon brought to a 
high state of discipline, and it bec;\me noted as one of the few 
hundred day regiments that faithfully did its duty, and when 
called upon at the expiration of their term of enlistment to 
remain a few days longer, the men, with great unanimity, 
decided to continue in the service until the Government could 
bring troops from other fields to fill their places. This action, 
presenting so strong a contrast to that of other short time 
regiments from Illinois, is due to the influence of General 
Meredith, and deserves special mention. 

Trade affairs with Cairo and the neighboring states of 
Kentucky, Tennessee and Missouri, had long been a cause of 
complaint with both the War and Treasury Departments, and 
it required a bold and vigilant commander to detect and 
punish the numerous bands of smugglers, who, from their 
headquarters at St. Louis, were flooding the southern states 
with contraband goods. This, in a great measure, General 
Meredith happily accomplished, at the same time securing to 
the loyal citizens of Kentucky and Missouri trading privileges 
which they had for a long season been deprived of. The 
city of Cairo, during his administration, enjoyed unexampled 
prosperity, business increased astonishingly, and her mer- 
chants enjoyed a largo and constantlv augmenting legitimate 
trade with all the surrounding country. So well laid, and so 
strictly enforced were all the measures in regard to passes 
and permits, that loyal men experienced no difliculty in ob- 



GENERAL SOL. MEREDITH. 85 

tain'ng all necessary family supplies, while rebels in vain 
appealed for even the smallest favors. Smuggling was 
wholly broken up, and no complaint was heard from either 
the Government or individuals respecting the conduct of this 
branch of his administration. 

Perhaps the most remarkable feature of General Mere- 
dith's rule at Cairo, was the wonderful change in sentiment 
that occurred among the people of Kentucky who were 
under his control. The post of Cairo included the greater 
portion of Ballard county, Kentucky. This county was 
from the first, one of the strongest rebel counties in the state, 
although a few of her leading men had ever been true and 
loyal to the Government, never faltering even in the most 
dangerous hour. The General took every occasion to point 
out to the citizens their errors and to win them back to their 
allegiance. On several occasions he made them public ad- 
dresses, and always with the happiest effect; and finally, at a 
large meeting resolutions pledging themselves to support the 
administration were unanimously adopted. The result is easily 
seen in the election returns. President Lincoln, in 1864, 
received a vote of over seven hundred, when not a solitary 
ballot was cast for him in 1860. 

It was indeed with feelings of sorrow that the citizens of 
Cairo heard that General Meredith had been transferred to 
another field. His praise was upon every tongue — his kind- 
ness and courtesy had endeared him to every one with whom 
he had come in contact, while his incorruptible honesty, firm- 
ness, and business capacity, all stamped him as better fitted 
for the command of Cairo, than any officer who had preceded 
him. 

On the twelfth of September, 1864, General Meredith was 
assigned to the command of the District of Western Ken- 
tucky, with headquarters at Paducah, The district then 
comprised all that portion of Kentucky lying west of the 
Cumberland river, together with Union City, and Island No. 
Ten, Tennessee, and Cairo, Illinois. His predecessor was 
Brigadier General E. A. Paine, who had made himself notor- 
ious throughout the country by the rigor of his administra- 
tion, and by his banishment of, and cruelty to, peaceable citi- 



86 BIOOR.APHICAIi SKETCH, 

zeiis who had oii'.-c syinitathizcd with tlic rohellioii. Whiiii 
GeiuTiil Mere-dith ustJiimi'd (•()i)iiiiaiid, ho t'oinid the riiujoiity 
of the {.>e()ple sullen and disti-iistt'iil. Tliey had lived tor the 
past two months under a species of despotism, and knew not 
from day to day whetlier or not their [)ersou8 or projierty 
Were Pate from seizure or confiscation. The wiiole com- 
munity was in a state bordering o'l anarchy. It was danger- 
ous to travel anywltere withit) iivc miles from the military 
lines without an escort. Several liundred citizens were at 
work at Mayiield, by military order, buiiding fortitications, 
the only object of which ap[teared to be the destruction of 
the town and oppression of the people. A small clique of 
unprincipled men were allowed the exclusive privileges of 
trade, were constituted the judges of oth r-" ioyalty, and 
controlled the orders to be issued and the policy to be pur- 
sued. General Meredith at once changed this order of things. 
He commenced by lessening the burdens imposed upon the 
people, by reducing military ta.\es and revoking assessments 
— he dismissed the citizens at work on the fortilicatious at 
Mayfield, telling them to return to their homes, where they 
would be protected if they pursued honest and peaceable 
avocatioi>s — he promptly revoked the order giving to certain 
persons the exclusive right to sell merchandize, or do business 
of any kiiid — he recalled those [(rominent and peaceable citi- 
zens to their homes, who had been banished without cause or 
authority — he gave assurances to tlie people that if it became 
necessary to inflict punishment upon any one of them, it 
should be after a fair trial before a regularly constituted mili- 
tary court — he opened the cicil courts which had been closed over 
two years, and protected them while in session icith military 
power. In short, he created a policy wise, just and magnani- 
mous — a common sense policy, the result of which was to 
restore confidence and order, and create a strong union feel- 
ing among all classes. 

In the mouths of October and November, 1864, Paducah 
and Columbus were thre-atenod by the advance of Forrest's 
army from Jackson, Tennessee. Mayfield was promptly 
evacuated, every thing of value brought to Paducah, and the 
troops added to the garrisons of the posts of Columbus and 



GENERAL SOL. MEREDIXn. 87 

Paducah, which were to be held at all hazards. At Puducah 
General Meredith issued a stirring address to the people, 
more to learn their spirit aiid opinions, than to gain their 
aid, calling upon them to organize into companies for the 
defense of the city. The call was universally responded to 
with a degree of earnestness and enthusiasm rarely excelled. 
Every preparation was made to give Forrest a warm recep- 
tion, and all the goods he expected to capture by the raid 
were quietly removed from the stores, and placed on boats 
ready to move ofl* at the tirst note of danger. The conse- 
quence was that Forrest concluded not to come in person. 
The disposition made by General Meredith of his troops and 
goods did not promise General Forrest the faintest hope of 
anything but inglorious defeat. His array, however, suffered 
as terribly as if decimated by battle. Many of them who were 
from Kentucky and the northern counties of Tennessee, and 
were recruited during the administration of General Paine, 
left their homes, as they believed, to insure personal safety. 
Learning the course General Meredith was pursuing, they 
deserted by scores and hundreds, so that the Kentucky and 
Tennessee brigades of Forrest's army were completely disor- 
ganized and broken up in a short time. 

On the eighth of iSTovember, 186-i, the day of the Presi- 
dential election, the wisdom of General Meredith's course 
was demonstrated. In a community of over seven thousand 
inhabitants, which gave only eighteen Union votes at the 
commencement of the war, over tioo hundred majority was 
given for Abraham Lincoln for President of the United 
States. ]S^o influence of any kind was used to control the 
people in the expression of their opinions at the ballot box, 
but every one was left free and untramraeled to vote as he 
thought proper. The election passed off as quietly as a Sab- 
bath day service, and the verdict of the people was for the 
Union ! A ])roud triumph for General Meredith, who had 
created this sentiment, in a community in which he was told 
no Union feeling prevailed. 

From that day forward, the administrative affairs of the 
district were managed with great wisdom and sagacity, and 
the military affairs with skill and success. While the people 



8c i;iu(;uArHicAL sketch. 

were iriviug renewed evidences of their loyalty and a grow- 
ing devotion to the Union was everywhere visible, the Gene- 
ral oornmanding was protecting them IVom rebel invasion 
with all the resources at his command. A clique of vultures 
wlio had formerly fattened on public spoils, and controlled 
the actions of his predecessor, finding they could net &o easily 
manipulate General Meredith, or use his power and inQuence 
for their own profit and aggrandizement, formed a conspiracy 
against him to get him removed. The General could not be 
swerved from the straight line of honor and duty, and his 
honesty was impregnable; hence their enmity toward him. 
Sometime during the month of February, the General received 
notice from the War Department, that by direction of Lieu- 
tenant General Grant, he was relieved from command of 
Western Kentucky, and was ordered to proceed to Indianap- 
olis, Indiana, and report to the Adjutant General of the 
Array. Major General Thomas was ordered to name his 
successor. To show the high opinion entertained of him by 
his immediate commander, the gallant soldier and accom- 
plished gentleman who commanded the Department of the 
Cumberland, and who had won a proud name in history on 
the battle fields of Mission Ridge, Chickamauga, Chatta- 
nooga, and Nashville, we have but to note his reply to the 
Secretary of War, calling upon him to name a successor to 
General Meredith, which was in substance as follows: — 

"I have no general officer in my department who can take 
the place of General Meredith. lie is the right man in the 
right place, and I request that he be retained." 

This was sent by telegraph, immediately on receiving the 
order from the War Department, and without consulting 
General Meredith or his friends. The result was that Sec- 
retary Stanton revoked the order in accordance with Gen- 
eral Thomas' wishes. So justice was done to a noble oflicer 
by a gallant comrade, and the people of Western Kentucky 
had occasion to rejoice therefor. 

At this time General Meredith's command had been re- 
duced by the exigencies of the service to a small force of 
infantry and colored troops, barely sufficient to garrison the 
various posts in his District. Taking advantage of his de- 



GENERAL SOL. MEREDITH. 89 

ploted command and his destitntion of cavalry, the guerrillas 
comnietijed operations in various parts of the district remote 
from our lines, and created great terror among the [»eople. 
The General promptly informed his superiors, made known 
his inability to successfully pursue them for want of cavalry, 
and earnestly urged the importance of a small mounted force 
in his district. His eftbrts to obtain cavalrj'' were unsuccess- 
ful; but having some three hundred dismounted men of the 
Seventh Tennessee Cavalry in his command, he ordered 
horses to be pressed into the service from citizens, and to be 
turned over to the Quarter Master's Department, a sufficient 
number of horses to mount these men, which was soon 
accomplished. From that time forth there was no rest for 
guerrillas. They were pursued day and night with energy 
and success, until not one was left within the limits of the 
district. Over sixty men were killed, and a number taken 
prisoners. Their organizations were broken up, and the men 
scattered, killed, or captured. 

The suppression of guerrillas being fully accomplished, 
and the last armed rebel driven from the district, the people 
settled down in the belief that a long term of peace was in 
store for them, and in the spring of 1865 they commenced 
agricultural pursuits with something of the vigor and on 
nearly as large a scale as before the war. Many Union men 
who had been driven from their homes at the commencement 
of the rebellion were returning, and the country was filling 
up with hardy and peaceable settlers. The capitulation of 
Lee's and Johnston's artnies-j-the breaking down of the 
armed power of the rebellion — strengthened the conviction 
all en'ertained of permanent peace, and the people, with 
wond. rful unanimity, were rallying around General Mere- 
dith ?n support of his government. Every thing looked 
bright and encouraging, and the fullest confidence in the 
cotni sanding General was entertained by all. While the 
gl()'',)ns work in which he had given his best energies; — the 
wor\. of redeeming a people from error — was on the verge of 
conoletion, at a time when the affairs of the district w^ere in 
th<^ niost prosperous and promising state, when every man 
hy' tlic fullest protection, and peace was everywhere univer- 



90 DTOOSAPHrCAL SKKTCH. 

Bal, Geiu!r:i.l Mt'i'editli sli;niiieil liis dc-siic, to tlio War Depart- 
ment to bo li()iioial)ly mustered out o!" the pervice, and was 
duly lelieved tVoiu his coinniaiid on the twenty-eighth day of 
May, I8G0. He returned to his home in Indiana, full of hon- 
ors, followed by the blessings and gratitude, the prayers and 
^ood \vM,(.j of ;ill true and loyal hearts. 

[NoTK. — Since the above sketch of General Meredith was stereotyped, he has 
been brevitted Major General of Volunteers, for gallant and meritorious services 
during the war.] 



REGIMENTAL HISTOEY. 



CHAPTER lY. 

FORTIETH REGIMENT. 

This regiment was recruited mainly from the Eighth Con- 
gressional District, during the fall of 1861. It rendezvoused 
at Lafayette, until organized and mustered into the United 
States service. The companies composing the regiment were 
mastered in at various periods, but the tinal muster bore date 
December thirty-first, 1861. On December twenty-ft)urth, 
the regiment arrived at Indianapolis. The foUowing wore its 
officers: 

Field and Staff Officers. — Colonel, William C. Wilson, La- 
fayette; Lieutenant-Colonel, John W. Blake, Lafayette; 
Major, William Taylor, Lafayette; Adjutant, Henry C. Fin- 
ney, Lafayette; Regimental Quartermaster, Boys T. Sample, 
Lafayette; Surgeon, Robert M. O'Ferrell, Lafayette: Assis- 
tant Surgeon, Grin Aborn, Marshfield; Assistant Surgeon, 
John S. RifHe; Chaplain, Amos Jones, Delphi. 

Company A. — Captain, James N. Ivirkpatrick, Stoekwell; 
First Lieutenant, Charles T. Elliott, Dayton; Second Lieu- 
tenant, Samuel G. Webb, Stoekwell. 

Company B. — Captain, David A. E. Wing, Mexico; First 



92 UIUHMENTAL HISTORY. 

Lit'iiiciiiinr, JoliM C. Ik'lcn, Mexico; Second Lieutenant, 
Janu'S 0. Thompson, Mexico. 

Cowpamj C. — Captain, Henry Learnintr, Romney ; First 
Lieutenant, John W. "VVileon, l^omney; Second Lieutenant, 
Wilson J). Wallace, Lafayette. 

Crnnpanij D. — Captain, Jackson Carter, Lafayette; First 
Lieutenant, John Murphy, Battle Ground; Second Lieu- 
tenant, Alexander L. Brov\'n, Battle Ground. 

Company 'E. — Captain, John B. Pence, Frankfort; First 
Lieutenant, Jesse D. Corneleson, Frankfort; Second Lieu- 
tenant, William A. T. Holmes, Frankfort. 

Company F. — Captain, EliasNeff, Lebanon; P'ir.st Lieuten- 
ant, John H. Dooley, Lebanon; Second Lieutenant, James 
Bra.ffsr, Lebanon. 

Company G. — Captain, James K. Kiser, West Point; First 
Lieutenant, Absalom Kirkpatrick, West Point; Second Lieu- 
tenant, Jacob F. Marks, West Point. 

Company IT. — Captain, AVilliam IL Bryan, Battle Ground; 
First Lieutenant, Alvin Gray, Lafayette; Second Lieutenant, 
John W. Longwell, Lafayette. 

Company I. — Captain, James A. Blake, Lafayette ; First 
Lieutenant, Erasmus Vickerj', West Point ; Second Lieuten- 
ant, Mark Dwire, West Point. 

Company K. — Captain, Anthony E. Gordon, Thorntown; 
First Lieutenant, Preston L. Whitaker, Thorntown ; Second 
Lieutenant, Jacob Shaffer, Lafayette. 

On the last day of 18G1, the regiment left Indianapolis for 
Louisville, and, upon arriving there, went into camp. On 
the sixth of January, 1862, it left Louisville, and on the nintl^ 
reached Bardstown, Kentucky. Here the Fortieth was as- 
signed to the Twenty-First briffade of the Armv of the Ohio, 
tbe brigade being commanded by Colonel Carr, of the Fifty- 
Eighth Indiana. From Bardstown it marched to Lebanon, 
Kentucky, where it arrived on the seventeenth of January, 
and remained at Lebanon nearly four weeks. On tlie 
thirteenth day of February left Lebanon, and on the fifteenth 
reached Munfordsville. The weather was very cold,. the 
ground covered with snow, and the men suffered much from 
exposure. The regiment marched with the sixth division, 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 93 

coninipjuled by Brigadier General T. G. Wood, in General 
Buell's movement upon Beauregard at Bowling Green, Ken- 
tucky. The march from Bowling Green to Gallatiti Junc- 
tion, a distance of sixty miles, was made in two days, which 
was at that time considered extraordinary marching for new 
raetl. Tlie command arrived at Nashville on the thirteenth 
of March. Here Colonel Wilson, Major Taylor, Surgeon 
O'Farrel and Quartermaster Sample, resigned. Two weeks 
were occupied in picket duty and drill. Colonel G. D. Was- 
ner, of the Fifteenth Indiana, succeeded Colonel Carr in the 
command of the brigade. 

On the twenty-ninth of March the regiment moved with 
Buell's army towards Shiloh. About two hundred men, 
unable to march, were left behind. There was a good pike 
to Columbia, but the weather was so warm, and the road so 
dry and dusty, that, with the heavy loads the men then car- 
ried, the march was made with great fatigue and suftering. 
At Columbia, Adjutant Finney was placed on Colonel W^ag- 
ner'a staff, and Sergeant-Major Royse performed the duties 
of Adjutant. 

On the sixth of April the regiment was at a point distant 
thirt}' miles from Shiloh. The reverberations of artillery 
were distinctly heard early in the morning, and swelled louder 
as the command pushed onward. At noon it became known 
that a great battle was being fought, and reports magnified 
the disaster to the Union arms. In the evening orders were 
given for a rapid march. Leaving behind all extra baggage 
the command pushed rapidly forward. The night was dark 
and rainy, and the surface of the country deluged with mud 
and water. The rumbling sound of thunder blended with 
the roar of artillery and the lightning flashes seemed to ren- 
der the surrounding darkness more dense. At midnight the 
command halted, large fires were built and the men lay down 
till morning. At daybreak the column pressed on, the roads 
were muddy and several deep streams were crossed. The 
wagon trains of divisions in front obstructed the march. On 
reaching Savannah the regiment saw the wounded of Grant's 
army collected in a vast hospital. This was the first time the 
men bad witnessed the terrible scenes consequent upon a bat- 



94 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

tlo. Knibark'nig on Ixiard a strainer tlie re<!^imcnt reached 
rittsljiiri,'- La'Klinc: at two p. m. The liring was yet rapid and 
continuous. Tlie command disembarked and moved up the 
stoop liill on tlie douhle-qnick. The men were in fine spirits 
and. \\ ith lliat eagerness which distinguishes the soldier while 
moving to his first battle, moved gallantl}' to the front, and 
were formed in line of battle by General Buell in person. 
Throe companies were deployed as skirmishers under Captain 
Neff, the skirmishers encountered but little resistance, the 
enemy being in the act of withdrawing, covering his retreat 
by cavalry. A few harmless shells passed over the regiment. 
The skirmish line fired a few shots. Darkness came and the 
contest ceased. That night the Fortieth remained on the 
picket line. At dark a cold rain began to fall. The next 
day the regiment moved Avith the reconnoitering force sent 
out under General Sherman. For the following two weeks 
the weather was cold and rainy, and the regiment being with- 
out tents, l:)]ankets, or cooking utensils, suffered greatly. Ra- 
tions were plenty, but had to be carried by the men for three 
miles. In all the movements made by General Ilalleck to- 
wards Corinth, the regiment suffered no loss. 

On the seventeenth of May Captain James Kiser, of Com- 
pany G, died in camp. He was one of the best officers in the 
regiment and one of the noblest citizens of the county in 
which he had resided. 

After the occupation of Corinth by the ITnion forces, the 
regiment moved with Woods' division to luka, Mississippi, 
where it remained in camp ten days, A sad accident hap- 
pened at this place. Lieutenant Colonel James N. Kirkpat- 
rick was drowned in Bear River by the accidental upsetting 
of a boat on the eighth of June. His body was recovered 
and sent to his friends at Culver's Station, Indiana. He was 
an excellent officer. His many noble and social qualities won 
for him the respect and esteem of the officers and men of the 
command. Major ITeff was promoted to the Lieutenant 
Colonelcy, and Captain Leatnins:, of Company C, appointed 
Major. 

From luka the regiment marched to Tuscuinbia ; thence 
to Decatur, Iluntsville, Fayetteville, Slielbyville, Wartrace, 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 95 

Tullahoma, Winchester and Decherd, Tennessee. On the 
twenty-sixth of July it moved to Manchester to reinforce 
General W. S. Smith, who was then threatened by Forrest. 
Skirmishing: ensued with the rebel forces, with no loss to the 
regiment. From Manchester the regiment marched to Ve- 
nilia. While in this section it subsisted chiefly on peaches 
and green corn. On the twenty-fifth of August it marched 
with a reconnoissance in force to Atlanta under General 
Thomas. Afterwards it marched to McMinnville and there 
went into camp. From this point it made several rapid and 
fruitless marches after Forrest. 

On the third of September the general retrogade movement 
towards I^ashville in pursuit of Bragg commenced. The com- 
mand arrived at Nashville on the sixth. The regiment 
there halted to draw clothing, and then marched to Gallatin, 
Tennessee, with the expectation of meeting the forces under 
Bragg. But the rebel General had moved towards Bowling 
Green. The weather was very warm, the pike covered with 
deep dust, rations were short and water scarce, but the men 
most nobly endured their privations and sufterings. They 
remained at Bowling Green four days, and on the fifteenth 
of September started for Cave City. 

The rebel General Bragg, having captured Munfordsville, 
and paroled the prisoners, moved towards Elizabechtown. 
General Buell's army followed, but did not encounter the en- 
emy, and marching viaElizabethtowh and West Point reached 
Louisville on the twentj^-fifth of September, hungry, ragged, 
fatigued and discouraged. 

On the third of October the regiment moved from Louis- 
ville to Bardstown ; but the rebel forces had evacuated that 
position and moved eastward. The pursuit was pressed, and 
the regiment arrived at Chaplain's Hills with Crittenden's 
corps in time to skirmish with the enemy before he withdrew 
from the field. Company F, under command of Captain 
Dooley, advanced as skirmishers and had one man wounded. 
Tlic command then joined in pursuit of Bragg, marching via 
Djiiiville, Stanford, Crab Orchard and liockcastle River. 
Here the pursuit ceased. The regiment remained at Rock- 
castle River for several days in almost a starving condition. 



96 REGIMENTAL IIISToriT. 

Ill Oc'tohor the command stai'tod lor Xiisliville, iiKirtliing 
r>y the wa}' of Statiford, ('olumbia, Giasi^ow, IScottsville, Ken- 
tucky, and Gallatin, Tennessee, arrivinfj at Nashville on the 
twenty-eighth of November. Here it went into camp. Nearly 
a month was spent in reorganizing and refitting the army. 

On the twenty-sixth of December the regiment, with au 
aggregate of four liundred and si.xty men, moved with the 
Array of the Cumberland upon the advance towards Mur- 
freesboro', tlien occupied by the forces of the rebel General 
Bragg, resulting in the battle of Stone's Kiver. At Lavergne 
one man was wounded in a skirmish on the twenty-seventh. 
The regiment was attached to Brigadier General Wood's di- 
vision, and was in position on the left wing of the army un- 
der command of Major General Crittenden. On the evening 
of December thirty-first, the first day's battle, the regiment 
held the same position in the front line whieh it lield in the 
morning. It participated in the whole battle, losing four men 
killed and sixty-seven wounded, among the latter were Lieu- 
tenant Colonel Neflf, Captains Wallace and Harvey, First 
Lieutenant Willard Griswold, and Second Lieutenants W. 
L. Coleman and II. L. Hazel ricjs:. This was the first ij'eneral 
battle in which the regiment was engaged. Near the com- 
mencement of the first day's fight, Colonel Blake was sent 
from the field under arrest, and soon after Lieutenant Colonel 
Neff was wounded, causing the command to devolve on Major 
Henry Leaming, who commanded during the remainder of 
the engagement. The conduct of the Fortieth during this, 
their first fight, was worthy of all praise. 

In the new organization of the army, which took place 
siiortly after the battle of Stone's River, the command to 
which the Regiment was attached was known as the Second 
Brigade, First Division, Twenty-First Army Corj)3. While 
stationed at Murfreesboro' the regiment was eiigagcd in 
picket duty and battalion drill. In April, 1863, it accom- 
panied General Reynolds' expedition to McMinnville, Liberty, 
Alexandria, and Lebanon, Tennessee. On the twenty-fourth 
of .June it moved with the army from Murfreesboro' to Man- 
chester. Bragg retreated from Tullahonia, and a march was 
made to Pelham, twelve miles east of Manchcr^ter. where the 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 9-7 

command camped. On the sixteeuth of August the He'^i- 
ment marched with the Division to Sequatchee Valley. 
From thence to the eastern side of Waldron's Ridge, within 
seven miles of Chattanooga, for the purpose of observing 
the movements of Bragg, who then occupied Chattanooga. 

On the ninth of September, the enemy having evacuated 
Chattanooga, the regiment, in the afternoon, crossed the 
Tennessee river, and was one of the first to enter and oc- 
cupy that stronghold. The brigade, by order of General 
Rosecrans, having been assigned to the post, the regiment 
did not engage in the battle of Chickamauga. In the 
month of October, the Twentieth and Twenty-First army 
corps were consolidated into one, called the Fourth army 
corps, under command of Major General Gordon Granger. 
The regiment remained in the same brigade, but the divi- 
sion was known as the Second, under Major General Phil. 
H. Sheridan. 

The regiment took an active part in the several battles be- 
fore Chattanooga, in November, and acquitted itself with 
honor. In the assault on Mission Ridge, on the twenty- 
fifth, its loss was severe ; twenty men were killed, and one 
hundred and thirty-eight wounded. Great gallantry was 
displayed by both ofiicers and men in ascending the face of 
the ridge under a rapid and well sustained fire from the 
enemy. Artillery plowed their ranks; musketry poured 
forth its deadly volleys ; but, closing up the gaps in the col- 
umn, and halting under fire for rest, the meuibers of the gal- 
lant Fortieth swept on until the crest of the ridge was gained 
and the enemy driven in confusion and disorder from the 
summit. Such was one bold hour's work. Here the regi- 
ment captured two hundred prisoners, a number of wagons, 
animals and commissary stores. It was one among the first 
regiments of General Sheridan's division to gain that difli- 
cult position — the crowning point of Mission Ridge. The 
gallant charge was made directly opposite General Brao^g's 
headquarters. As the Fortieth reached the top of the 
ridge, and swept forward, its right captured a rebel bat- 
tery, stationed near the rebel General's tent, which, during 
the advance, had poured shot and shell vigorously into our 
Vol. II.— 7. 



9^ REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

ranks. It did not, however, stop to hold the guns, but 
rushed on in pursuit of the flying foe. 

Soon after reaching tlic sununit, Lieutenant Colonel Neff, 
gathering the remnant of his command, moved forward half 
a mile, Captain C. T. Elliott, of Company A, leading the 
way, with a line of skirmishers, again encountered the 
enemy drawn up on a crescent shaped ridge, with the horns 
encircling the flat upon which the regiment was adv'ancing, 
thus completely commanding the position. The regiment 
was alone and unsupported. It was dark, and the troops in 
the advance were marching into camp with shouts of victory. 
Bright flashes of spiteful musketry lined that crescent 
shaped ridge, intermingled with the brighter glare and 
deadly discharge of artiller}'-. Through the decimated ranks 
of that noble band, the rebel volleys poured death. To 
storm the hill with the force in hand was impossible, but re- 
treat was not thought of. Taking advantage of every 
shelter, the command kept up an incessant fire, and for an 
hour and a quarter, amid a storm of rifle balls in front and 
on both flanks, the men stood firm. Kone save the wounded 
passed to the rear. It seemed certain that the regiment 
would be annihilated or captured; no help seemed available. 
Finally a movement was made upon the enemy's flank, 
and the rebels fled, leaving in the hands of the regiment two 
pieces of artillery, one wagon load of amunition, and one box 
of new rifles. In this second engagement the regiment lost 
forty men in killed and wounded. The total loss was about 
forty-five per cent, of the number engaged. Eight commis- 
sioned officers, Captains Booley, Marks, and Henry ; First 
Lieutenants Hanna and Kobb ; Second Lieutenants Campbell, 
Yonkey, and Webster, were wounded. 

Soon after the expulsion of Bragg from his position around 
Chattanooga, the dead were buried, the wounded properly 
attended to, and preparations made for what proved to be an 
arduous campaign. The regiment then marched with the 
corps for Knoxville, to relieve General Burnside, then be- 
sieged by the forces of the rebel General Longstreet. The 
men of the Fortieth 'were very poorly clothed, many of them 
marching barefooted. The weather was cold and the ground 



REGIiMENTAL HISTORY. 99 

frozen, yet without a murmur they marched forward. The 
command arrived at Knoxville on the eighth of December. 
Longstreet, fearing a movement on his flank, had raised the 
siege. The command went into camp atBlain's Cross Roads, 
in the vicinity of Strawberry Plains, where it spent the 
greater part of the winter. The weather was intensely cold, 
the men poorly clad, were without tents, and destitute of 
sufhcient provisions. They built large log fires in the 
wooded hollows along the Ilolston river, enduring their hard- 
ships with fortitude. Thus, in the wilds and hollows of the 
Holsten river valley, the last month of 1863 was passed by 
the sturdy soldiers of the Fortieth. 

In January, 1864, the regiment advanced to Dandridge. 
There had an engagement with Longstreet, and soon after- 
w^ard fell back to Knoxville. From thence marched to Lou- 
don, Tennessee, there encamped and commenced putting up 
winter quarters. 

On the thirty-first of January, 1864, three-fourths of the 
men then present having enlisted as veterans. Colonel Blake 
who had been tried by court martial and honorabh' acquitted, 
was ordered by General Sheridan to march the regiment to 
Chattanooga, and have it mustered in as an organization. 
The regiment marched alone to Chattanooga, a distance of 
eighty miles, arriving on the fifth day of February. It 
was mustered with two hundred and forty-five veterans, on 
the fifteenth of February, and ordered home. It reached 
Indianapolis on the twenty-ninth, with seventj^-six thousand 
dollars in its possession, in pay and veteran bounties, and 
was furloughed for thirty days from the third of March. 
"While on furlough several hundred recruits were obtained. 

On the fourth of April the regiment reported at Indian- 
apolis, and on the thirteenth left for Cleveland, Tennessee, 
to join the brigade, arriving at the latter place on the second 
of May. Here Lieutenant Colonel ISTeft' resigned. Major 
Learning was appointed Lieutenant Colonel, and Captain 
Gordon, of Company K, Major. While the regiment was 
home the non-veterans performed duty with the fifteenth 
Indiana, but returned to the regiment at Cleveland. Gen- 
eral Phil. H. Sheridan being transferred to a more important 



100 REOTMKNTAl- IIISTOKV. 

command, Briji^adier General John Xewton commanded the 
division. General Howard liad relieved General Granger in 
command of the corps. 

On the third of May the regiment marched with General 
Sherman's army towards Dalton. The command then num- 
bered five hundred men fit for duty. On the ninth the brigade 
supported General llarker's brigade in an assault on a fort on 
Rocky Face Ridge, the regiment sustaining no loss. On the 
fourteenth and fifteenth of May it was engaged in the battle 
of Resaca, losing two men killed and nine wounded. Marched 
with the army to Kingston, Georgia, and from there to Xew 
Hope Church, arriving on that battle-field about dark on the 
twenty-fifth. Remained there skirmishing with the enemy 
daily until he evacuated on the night of the fourth of June. 
While there, three men were killed and twent^'-two wounded. 
Lieutenant Daniel Reyne, Company A, who was acting aid- 
de-camp on General Wagner's staft', was severely wounded. 

The command rested a few days near Ackworth, then 
moved on the tenth of June on the rebels at Kenesaw moun- 
tain. In a skirmish on the fourteenth, two men were killed 
and five wounded. On the eighteenth the regiment was sent 
to hold an advanced position within three hundred yards of 
the rebel line of works, and were engaged the whole day. A 
cold north-east storm had set in early in the morning. The 
men were soon water-soaked and chilled, their guns were 
wet and their ammunition damp. With no shelter amid 
the storm, and with a heavy rebel force in front, they kept 
up an effective fire of musketry from six o'clock in the morn- 
ing till eight o'clock at night. The loss of the regiment was 
four men killed and twenty-nine wounded. Adjutant Gris- 
wold was severely wounded; Second Lieuteuant Holmes, 
mortally; he died soon afterwards. In skirmishing on the 
twenty-second, two men were killed ; on the twenty-third 
one man was wounded ; on the twenty-sixth one was killed 
and five were wounded. 

On the twenty-seventh of June occurred that disastrous, 
bloody, and unsuccessful assault at Kenesaw Mountain. 
The Fortieth was the head of the assaulting column of the 
brigade. It was formed in divisions of two companies, in 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. lOl 

close column, and commanded by Colonel Blake. The men 
charged bravely, but the enemy met them with such a scath- 
ing fire of musketry and artillery that it was impossible to 
carry the rebel entrenchments. The regiment, after being 
engaged within twenty-five yards of the rebel works for 
thirty minutes, retired from the field, leaving all the dead, 
and many of the wounded, in the hands of the enemy. 
This was the first time the regiment ever failed in battle, 
but it did not fail alone, for other regiments, equally brave, 
failed in the assault on that memorable day. This charge 
cost the command the lives of several valuable officers 
and many brave men. The regiment never before received 
Buch a staggering blow. For some time after that ter- 
rible day a general gloom, amounting almost to despair, 
pervaded the whole regiment. The sacrifice of life was 
deemed useless. In the brief space of thirty minutes three 
officers were killed and four wounded, twenty-one men killed, 
sixty-eight wounded, and ten missing, making a total loss 
of one hundred and six of the three hundred who went into 
action. Captain Charles T. Elliott, Company A, Captain 
Abraham Kirkpatrick, Company G, and Sergeant John C. 
Sharp, Company F, who w^as acting as Lieutenant, were 
killed. All these were faithful soldiers, good officers, kind, 
brave, earnest and honorable men, who performed their du- 
ties cheerfully and efficiently. First Lieutenants Reese and 
Kalb, and Second Lieutenant "Webster, were wounded. First 
Lieutenant Coleman was twice wounded behind the main 
line of works after the battle. On the twenty-ninth, under 
a flag of truce, after the bodies had lain exposed to the 
scorching ray's of the summer's sun for forty-eight hours, 
the dead were brought from the battle field in a decomposed 
state, scarcely recognizable. They were silently and solemnly 
buried. 

On the night of the second of July the enemy evacuated 
his position at Kenesaw Mountain, and on the evening of the 
third was encountered in a well fortified position at Smyrna's 
camp ground. The regiments skirmished here with the 
rebels until the fifth, without loss, when the rebels again 
evacuated their position. The Fortieth then marched to 



102 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

Roswell from Vining's Station, but rctuniod in a few days 
and crossed the Ohattahooche river on a pontoon bridge. 

On the twentietli of July tlie battle of Peach Tree Creek 
was fought. The regiment was engaged, and was comman- 
ded by Lieutenant-Colonel Leaming, Colonel Blake being iu 
command of the brigade. Tlie Fortieth was in the front 
line, and received the first onslaught of the enemy. The 
attack was made with great impetuosity, but was as firmly 
met and as successfully resisted by the regiment. Repeated 
and desperate were the charges hurled against the noble little 
brigade, to force it from position or break its lines; but 
calmly and sternly were the cff'orts of Hood repelled. With 
great loss, ho was driven from the field. The rebel Brigadier 
General Stevens was killed in front of the Fortieth. Fifteen 
dead rebels lined our front the next morning. The men felt 
that Kenesaw was avenged. 

During the siege of Atlanta, the regiment occupied a posi- 
tion in the front line of works on the Buckhead road, from 
July twenty-second until August twenty-sixth. It was under 
fire daily, but met with but small loss, the only casualty to 
the regiment being six men wounded. The Fortieth accom- 
panied Sherman's army in his celebrated flank movement to 
Jonesboro, twenty-two miles below Atlanta, on the Macon 
railroad. Here four men were wounded in the battle of Sep- 
tember first. The regiment marched to Atlanta, arriving 
there on the eighth of September, and went into camp near 
the Howard House. Remained until the twenty-fifth, when 
the division went on the cars to Chattanooga. Here General 
]!lewton was relieved, and assigned to another command, and 
Brigadier General Wagner assigned to the command of the 
division. Colonel Lane, Kinety-Seventh Ohio, took com- 
mand of the 1)rigade. The regiment was constantly kept on 
duty at Chattanooga. While Hood was threatening Sher- 
man's communications, the division was employed in guard- 
ing the railroad from Bridgeport, Alabama, to Resaca, 
Georgia. On the seventeenth of October it marched with 
supplies for Sherman's army at Gailsville, Alabama. On the 
twenty-seventh it marched back over the Lookout and Rac- 
coon Mountains to Stevenson, and took the cars to Athens, 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 103 

Alabama, arriving there Il^ovember second. The regiment 
received at that place three hundred drafted men from the 
third district, Indiana, and marched to Pulaski and Columbia, 
and received two hundred drafted men at the latter place. 

On the twenty-ninth, in the engagement at Spring Hill, it 
had three men wounded. The regiment was not generally 
engaged, although several detached companies did good ser- 
vice in resisting the advance of the enemy's skirmishers. The 
next day, on arriving at Franklin, the regiment was placed 
on the left of the second brigade of General Wagner's divis- 
ion, near the Columbia pike. Lieutenant-Colonel Leaming 
being in command, ordered the men to construct the best 
works they could out of the material at hand. While the 
slight barricade wa,s in process of construction, the enemj' 
was observed moving his troops into line in front. This 
compelled a cessation of the work, and the men were ordered 
to prepare for battle behind their unfinished defences. The 
enemy advanced rapidly in heavy force, driving in the skir- 
mishers. As he came within good range, a vigorous fire was 
opened, and his advance slightly checked. The next moment 
the line on the left of the Columbia pike gave way before the 
fierce charge of the rebels. Lieutenant-Colonel Leaming 
seeing that the position was untenable, and that surrender or 
retreat was the only remedy, ordered an instant retreat to the 
second line of works, which was accomplished with a slight 
loss in killed and wounded, but the regiment lost many of its 
members who were taken prisoners. Most of the men cap- 
tured were drafted recruits. On reaching the second line it 
was found to be occupied by troops whose oflicers united in 
driving off the men who were falling back from the front. 
This created somewhat of a panic, but the majority of the 
regiment, facing about, took position in front and opened fire 
on the exultant enemy. Falling back again, rapidly charged 
by the enemy, they were followed by the greater portion of 
those who a few minutes before had driven them from the 
works on the second line. The eneni}" again charged and 
penetrated our lines. Private James S. O'Piley bayonetted 
a rebel color-bearer and captured his flag. After the panic 
had subsided, the men fought with their accustomed bravery; 



104 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

each cliargc of the enemy was lirmly met, ami a murder- 
ous lire poured into his ranks. lu this affair the regiment 
lost two killed, thirty-six wounded, and ninety-three mis- 
sing. Major A. E. Gordon was severely wounded. Captain 
Coleman woniuled and taken prisoner, Captain Ilazelrig 
captured, and First Lieutenant G. C. Brown, commanding 
Company C, killed. The regiment retreated to Nashville 
with the army, arriving on the first of December. 

The battle of !N"a8hville was fought on the fifteenth and 
sixteenth of December, resulting in tlio utter rout of Hood's 
army. The regiment was engaged on both da3'8, and sus- 
tained but slight loss. It followed in jtursuit of Hood to 
Lexington, Alabama; then marched to Iluntsville, arriving 
there January fifth, 1865, and went into winter quarters. In 
the latter part of March the command moved on the cars to 
Blue Springs, East Tennessee, and returned to Xashville on 
the twenty-fifth of April, 1865, without loss. 

THE FIFTY-FIRST REGIMENT. 

On September fourth, 1861, Colonel Sireight was commis- 
sioned by Governor Morton to recruit and organize this re- 
giment. The task was one of some difficulty. No large 
bounties were paid, and the regiment being recruited from 
the State at large, and not representing any particular dis- 
trict, had not that local influence which so soon fills up the 
ranks. The Colonel addressed himself to the work assigned 
him with that untiring energy which characterize him in all 
his undertakings. He was ablj^ assisted by Major "William 
H. Colescott, wliose enthusiasm and perseverance did much 
to hasten the recruiting and organizing of the regiment. On 
the fourteenth of December, having filled its ranks, the Fifty- 
First was mustered into the service of the United States, at 
Indianapolis. The following was its roster: 

Field and Staff Officers.— Colonel, Abel D. Streight, Indian- 
apolis; Lieutenant Colonel, Benjamin J. Spooner, Lawrence- 
burgh; Major, William II. Colescott, Shelby ville; Adjutant, 
John W. Ramsey, Carpentersville; Regimental Quartermas- 
ter, John G. Doughty, Indianapolis; Surgeon, Erasmus B. 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 105 

Collins, Kent Station; Assistant Surgeon, David Adams, 
Shelby ville; Chaplain, Elias Gaskins, Knox county. 

Company A. — Captain, Jacob H. Fleece, North Salem; 
First Lieutenant, Milton Russell, North Salem; Second Lieu- 
tenant, Harvey Slavens, North Salem. 

Company B. — Captain, David A. McHolland, Kent Sta- 
tion; First Lieutenant, Albert Light, Kent Station; Second 
Lieutenant, Adolphus II. Wonder, Kent Station. 

Company C — Captain, James W. Sheets, Hendricks Coun- 
ty; First Lieutenant, Samuel Tingman, Hendricks County; 
Second Lieutenant, Aaron T. Dooly, Hendricks County. 

Company D. — Captain, Sylvester R. Brown, Columbus; 
First Lieutenant, Wilber F. Williams, Indianapolis ; Second 
Lieutenant, Leonidus Fox, Lewisville. 

ComjJany E. — Captain, William Denny, Yincennes; First 
Lieutenant, Daniel Trent, Nashville; Second Lieutenant, 
John A. Welton, Knox County. 

Company F. — Captain, James E. McGuire, Shelby ville; 
First Lieutenant, John W. Flinn, Shelby ville; Second Lieu- 
tenant, Joel A. Delano, Shelbyville. 

Company G. — Captain, Francis M. Constant, Peru; First 
Lieutenant, Joseph Y. Ballow, Peru; Second Lieutenant, 
William Walliek, Peru. 

Company H. — Captain, Clark Willis, Knox County; First 
Lieutenant, Thomas F. Chambers, Knox County; Second 
Lieutenant, James W. Haley, Knox County. 

Company I. — Captain, Marquis L. Johnson, Indianapolis; 
First Lieutenant, James S. Peeves, Shelby County; Second 
Lieutenant, John Bowman, Shelby County. 

Company K. — Captain, ; First Lieutenant, Jonathan 

Dunbar, Greenfield ; Second Lieutenant, . 

On the sixteenth of December, 1861, the regiment left In- 
dianapolis for Louisville. On arriving near Louisville it 
went into camp. In a short time it started for Bardstown, 
Kentucky. The route was by the Bardstown pike. The 
country was undulating, well watered, and rich in agricultural 
wealth. The farmers were wealthy in lands, stock and ne- 
groes. On the twentieth the regiment arrived at Bardstown, 
formed a camp, and established, under charge of Dr. Collins, 



106 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

a hosjiitul, wliieb was i-untlei-eJ very iieccssury, iVum the fact 
tliiit soon tiiterwartls one buiulrcd and twcuty-livc men wcro 
suffering with measles. Mrs. Streigljt, the Colonel's wife, at 
this juncture, acted the part of a good Samaritan, comforting 
and nursing the sick; and, with heroic courage and perse- 
verance, devoted her energies and time to their welfare. 
Tliere was great remissness on the part of tlic authorities to 
furnish bedding and medicines for the sick. This remissness 
was universal throughout the army during the first years of 
the war. 

The regiment remained at Bardstown nearly a month; the 
time was profitably eni})lo3'ed in company and regimental 
drill. Tlie excellent discipline was highly eulogised by the 
citizens of Bardstown. On the thirteenth of January, 1862, 
the Fifty-First, having been assigned to the Twentieth brig- 
ade, army of the Ohio, marched for Lebanon, Kentucky. 
The scenery on the route was bold and picturesque, towering 
hills, cozy valleys and rippling brooks interspersing the land- 
scape. In three days the regiment reached Lebanon, but the 
inclemency of the weather, and exposure of the men, added 
heavily to the sick list, and the hospital stores were, if possi- 
ble, inferior to those at Bardstown. Remaining a short time 
at Lebanon, during which the men suffered terribly from ex- 
posure to storms, sickness and want of Jiospital room, the 
Fifty-First moved to Hall's Gap, and went into camp on a 
crest of the Cumberland mountains, overlooking the gap and 
commanding an extended view of country noted for the gran- 
deur of its scenery. 

The Twentieth brigade, consisting of the Fifty-First In- 
diana, Sixty-Fourth and Sixty-Fifth Ohio, and Fifteentli 
Kentucky, was now placed under command of Colonel 
Streight, the command of the Fifty-First devolving upon 
Lieutenant Colonel Spooner. The troops were employed for 
two weeks after their arrival in repairing a road for the 
transportation of supplies to Mill Springs, then occupied- by 
the army of General Thomas. The rebel General Zollicoffer, 
with a considerable force, was then confronting tlie forces 
under Thomas, the rebel camp being near Somerset, Ken- 
tucky. This road being the only line of communication with 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 107 

the Uuion army by way of Hall's Gap, its condition was of 
the utmost importance. The road led along the summit of 
a ridge, covered with chestnut trees. The repairs were 
effected by cutting down small trees, splitting and laying 
them across the road, making what is well known to the 
people of Indiana " a corduroy road." The weather was cold, 
wet and stormy, the mud deepened, disease claimed its vic- 
tims, yet the men patiently and uncomplainingly continued 
to labor until the thoroughfare was completed. * 

On the seventh of Februry the Fifty -First returned to Leb- 
anon. From thence went by railroad to Munfordsville. Re- 
mained at the latter place a short time and then went to 
l!^ashville, arriving on the ninth of March. Here it per- 
formed its first picket duty in front of the enemy. The brig- 
ade having been assigned to the Sixth division, under com- 
mand of General Wood, marched with the army of the Ohio 
for Pittsburg Landing. This march was the most disagree- 
able the Fifty-First had yet experienced. It was one of the 
"Army Regulations" at that time to overload the men. In 
addition to gun, accoutrements, ammunition, and three days' 
rations in haversacks, they were burdened with an overcoat, 
dress coat, blanket, and knapsack filled with underclothing. 
The result was, that in a few days over one-half the men 
broke down, the extra load was thrown away or destroyed, 
involving a serious loss to the soldier and benefiting none 
save army contractors. Colonel Streight informed the com- 
manding General that his men were too heavily burdened, 
and asked the privilege of allowing them to send their extra 
clothing home. The request was not granted. As a conse- 
quence seventy-five of the men, on the first day, gave out 
from sheer exhaustion, and were sent to the rear. On the 
second day the weather was intensely hot, the sun's reflected 
heat from the dry, dusty, and unshaded road, overpowered 
the men. The column struggled on, soldiers dropped at 
every step, until only one hundred men of the Fifty-First 
were left to camp on the night of that terrible day. On the 
seventh the rain began to fall, and continued until one hun- 
dred and sixty miles, to Pittsburg Landing, were traversed. 

When the army reached Indian creek, the roads became 



108 REGIMENTAL UISTORY. 

almost impiissiible. JjucH's army was hurrying to tlic rescue 
of Grant. Tlio Fifty-First was placed iu charge of the di- 
vision and supiily tiains. The rest of the division hurried on. 
It was a dark and stormy night — so dark that the men felt 
their way. Yet the Fl'ty-First pushed on with their immense 
trains, the men sinking almost to their knees, and the 
wagons to their axles, the road now winding up steep, rocky 
hills, and anon down dangerous declivities, over deep ravines 
6pann(7d by tottering bridges. Numerous accidents occured 
to the teams, a few of the men missed the road and were 
lost in the woods. All were anxious to reach the Tennessee 
river in time to participate iu the expected battle. 

On the mornins: of the sixth of April the regiment reached 
a position near the Tennessee river, distant forty-eight miles 
from Shiloh. The reverberations of artillery came booming 
down the river. They knew from the continued roar that a 
battle was in progress. Forgetting fatigue, hardship and toil, 
inspired with new life by the hope of participating in the ex- 
citing scenes of battle, they, with exultant cheers pushed on- 
ward. When within six miles of Savannah, Tennessee, the 
regiment received orders to leave the trains, proceed to Sa- 
vannah and take transports for Pittsburg Landing. This 
order was received' with eager enthusiasm; the men soon 
reached the river, and quickly marched to the trans- 
ports. At eight o'clock, on the evening of April eighth, 
they arrived at Pittsburg Landing, landed and bivouacked 
on the battle field. The battle was over and the victory 
won. The regiment was much dissappoiuted and deeply 
chagrined that it did not arrive in time to participate in the 
battle. 

On the ninth it rejoined the division, stationed four miles 
from the river. Gradual approaches were soon made to- 
wards Corinth. The rebel Generals, Johnston and Beaure- 
gard had strongly fortified the position. General Halleck 
advanced by regular approaches and laid siege to the place. 
From the sixteenth to the thirtieth of May, the oppos- 
ing forces were engaged in a constant skirmish. It was 
during this period that the Fifty-First became first en- 
gaged with the enemy on the skirmish line. June second 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 109 

Beauregard evacuated Corinth. The brigade then marched 
for northern Alabama, via Tuscumbia, Town creek, Court- 
land and Decatur. At Town creek Lieutenant Colonel 
Spooner resigned, the regiment thus losing one of its most 
popular and efficient' officers. The Fifty-First halted at 
Town creek, a part of the regiment was detailed to build a 
bridge across the stream, while Major Colescott, with four 
companies, proceeded to Courtland to guard the bridge at 
that place. In two weeks, having finished the bridge, the 
regiment marched via Decatur to Mooresville, Alabama, ar- 
riving there on the first of July. During the absence of 
General Garfield the Twentieth brigade was commanded by 
Colonels Streight and Ilarker. On the fourth of July, the 
Sixth division, General Wood commanding, was encamped 
at Mooresville, and celebrated the day in an appropriate man- 
ner. For two weeks the regiment performed picket duty. 

On the twelfth of July, Colonel Streight, having obtained 
permission of General Buell, took the regiment and marched 
to Davis' Gap, Sand Mountain, about thirty miles south-east 
of Decatur, to relieve the Union men of north Alabama, who 
had secreted themselves in caves to escape the murderous 
guerrillas infesting the mountains. Arriving at the Gap the 
same evening, the regiment went into camp near Colonel 
Davis' residence, and commenced recruiting for the Union 
army. In two days two hundred and two Alabama Union 
men were recruited. Colonel Davis, who had been a soldier 
in the war of 1812, was hidden in a cave near by, to avoid 
the guerrillas, but on the arrival of the Fifty-First he gave 
them a warm welcome. For six weeks his faithful wife had 
carried him food by stealth at night. The news of the ar- 
rival of Union troops soon spread over the neighborhood, 
and men, women and children flocked to them bringing food 
and fruit in large quantities. On the morning of the thir- 
teenth of July, an old lady over sixty j-ears of age, mounted 
her horse, and traversing the country in all directions, brought 
to the camp of the Fifty-First, in the evening, forty men. 
To secure these recruits this old lady rode upwards of sixty 
miles, over mountain and through rocky passes, in a country 
infested with guerrillas, searching out the cave-imprisoned 



110 I'.IICIMKNTAL IIISTUUY. 

Uiiioii licrocs of Al;il);iiii:i. i^^huldciiiiiL:; tlicir cars with tidings 
of relief, and rallviii^- tliciii to tliuir country's standard. 
Colonel Streii^lit nieainvliiic held L^nion meetings and gained 
many recruits. On the Hftecnth the Fifty-Fir?t with the 
new recruits returned to Mooi'esvillc. Two days attcrwards 
tlie regiment left by railroad for Stevenson. The recruits 
were sent to Ilnntsville and assigned to tlie First Middle 
Tennessee cavalry. 

The Twenty-Sixtli brigade went into camp in the suburbs 
of Stevenson on the nineteenth of Jul}-. The camp was 
beautifully situated on a broad, undulating plain, at the foot 
of the cedar crowned mountains, wliich flank Stevenson on 
the west. The suppl}^ of wood and water was abundant, and 
the men enjoyed excellent health. The regiment remained 
at Stevenson six weeks, building fort Ilarker. A detachment 
of six companies, under Col. Streight, went to Woodville, and 
impressed several hundred negroes to work on the fortifica- 
tions, ^lajor W, II. Colescott was promoted to the Lieuten- 
ant Colonelcy, vice Benjamin F. Sponer, resigned, and Cap- 
tain Clark "Willis, Company II, was commissioned Major. 
Captains Fleece, Company A, Johnson, Company G, Brown, 
Company D, resigned and went home. Lieutenants Williams 
and Fox, of Company D, had resigned and left the regiment 
at Pittsburg Landing. 

On the twenty-first of August, the Twentieth brigade left 
Stevenson and marched to Battle Creek, Tennessee, a dis- 
tance of seventeen miles, to join two divisions of General 
Buell's arm3\ The command arrived that night and bivou- 
acked. The next morning the united troops, under General 
McCook, proceeded over a rough, mountainous road, to a 
point about five miles cast of Gasper, and within fifteen 
miles of Chattanooga. Here, learning that the rebel General 
Bragg, with a large force, was endeavoring to get in our rear, 
General McCook countermarched, directing his column to- 
ward Nashville. Having arrived at the foot of the Cumber- 
land mountains, the army destroyed tents, baggage and camp 
equipage. The march over the mountains \vas very difficult, 
the ascent being made b\' a narrow, rocky road, running 
obliquely up the towering ridge, bringing the column to the 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. HI 

summit about two miles from its base. It required tlie uni- 
ted efibrts of soldiers and mules to haul tbe empty wagons 
up tbe mountain. Reacliing tbe summit of tbe mountain, 
tbe command bad a level road of about twenty miles. On 
tbe verge of tbe descent on tbe nortb, a sublime view spread 
before tbeir astonisbed eyes. Far as tbeir vision extended, 
lofty mountains alternated witb green carpeted valleys; tbe 
dim outlines of crests of distant ridges, and a clear atmosphere 
overhung witb fleec}" clouds, formed the background. De- 
scending the Cumberland mountains, tbe column took the 
Manchester road, proceeded to Manchester and bivouacked. 
Resuming tbe march next morning, it went viaMurfreesboro' 
to Nashville, making a march of forty miles in one da}'. At 
xTasbville General McCook's command joined tbe main army 
under General Buell. ISText day it marched for Louisville, 
via Bowling Green, Elizabetbtown and West Point. When 
tbe army reached Nashville, a large proportion of the men 
were barefooted. Time was not given, nor opportunity al- 
lowed to procure shoes, and the column pressed on. General 
Bragg was on the right of Buell's army, marching north upon 
parallel roads, threatening Louisville, and being in advance 
of Buell's army, there was necessity of pressing rapidly for- 
ward to save Louisville and Cincinnati. On rushed the 
column. The arm}' of Buell halted at Bowling Green six 
days, during which Bragg was menacing Munfordsville, 
where the Union forces, under Colonel Wilder, were nobly 
fighting. General Buell directed the bead of his column to- 
wards Munfordsville, for tbe purpose of relieving Colonel 
Wilder, but the movement was too late, for when our forces 
reached Cave City, the rebel General had captured and pa- 
rolled the forces under Colonel Wilder. Buell's advance 
engaged and drove Bragg's rearguard at Green river. Bragg 
turned off on the Bardstown road, and Buell marched to 
Louisville. 

Tbe members of tbe Fifty-First being barefooted, endured 
much pain from marching over the rocky roads. They re- 
mained at Louisville five days. On the first of October the 
regiment marched with the army, in pursuit of Bragg, who 
was then occupying Bardstown. Bragg retreated to Perry- 



112 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

ville, the Union forces pursuing. The Fifty-First brought 
up the rear, and experienced much difliculty in urging Ibr- 
ward stragglers. On the morning of October eighth the 
cohinni halted within eight miles of Perryville. At one 
o'clock, p. M., tbe sixth division received orders to marcli to 
the aid of General McCook, then figliting the enemy, wlio 
greatly outnumbered his forces. Hurrying forward at double 
quick, it reached Perryville at dark, but was too late to take 
part in the battle. The regiment bivouacked near Perry- 
ville that night. On the tentli it continued the pursuit of 
Bragg, passing through llarrodsburg, Danville and Crab 
Orchard, and halted at Wild Cat, where the pursuit ceased. 
At llarrodsburg the brigade captured twenty-eight hundred 
prisoners, sick and wounded, whom the rebels had left in 
their rapid flight. The regiment, while at Wild Cat, sufiered 
much for lack of clothing and blankets, the weather being 
very cold. On the twenty-second of October, it marched for 
Columbia, Kentucky, bivouacking each evening before sun- 
down, and resuming the march before sunrise; it went ninety- 
six miles in four days. While at Columbia the troops were 
bountifully supplied with blankets and overcoats, and par- 
tially with tents. 

On the thirtieth of October, 1862, General Buell was re- 
lieved, and General Rosecrans assumed command of the 
Army of the Oliio, which was designated as the Fourteenth 
Army Corps, popularly called the Army of the Cumberland. 
The same day the Fifty-First left with the division for Glas- 
gow, Kentucky, arriving at Glasgow November first. The 
weather was cold, and, as only two tents were allowed each 
company, the majority of the men had to sleep on the frozen 
ground. The regiment camped at Glasgow a few days, and 
then marched for Silver Springs, via Gallatin, arriving at the 
Springs on the seventh. The command remained there eleven 
days, the men constantly exposed to heavy rains. While en- 
camped there, the rebel General John Morgan captured Leba- 
non, and drove two companies of United States cavalry from 
that post. General Wood's division, under command of 
General Hascall, was ordered to advance rapidly and inter- 
cept Morgan. The Fifty-First accompanied the expedition. 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 113 

The command marched thirty miles in nine hours, but only 
reached Lebanon in time to skirmish with the rear guard of 
the fleet-footed Morgan. Two companies of the Fifty-First, 
under Majnr Colescott, were on the skirmish line, and cap- 
tured Morgan's headquarters about fifteen minutes after his 
departure. The rebel sympathisers had treated Morgan 
sumptuously, and feasted him on the fat of the land. Tiie 
Fifty-First had the pleasure of eating a dinner prepared for 
the guerrilla chief. Pursuit being useless the command re- 
turned to camp. 

On the eio-hteenth the re2:imeut moved with the division 
to Stone's river, within eight miles of ITashville, where it re- 
mained a week. On the twenty-sixth the command moved 
to within three miles of Nashville, and encamped on the 
Franklin railroad. The weather being cold, the men sufi'ered 
for want of clothing, but through the energy of General 
Eosecrans and Colonel Streight, they were soon supplied. 
The regiment remained at this point one month. Christmas 
w^as spent in a foraging expedition. General "Willich, with 
two brigades, had a fight with the Texan rangers, under For- 
rest, which resulted in the utter rout of the latter. The 
Fifty-First lost one killed, private HoUingsworth, company 
H, and two wounded. It was the first man of the regiment 
that had been killed by the enemy. The foraging part}' 
returned with a well loaded train. On the twenty-sixth of 
December, the army of General Rosecrans struck tents, and 
marched on Murfreesboro ', which place was occupied by 
the rebel army of General Bragg, estimated at sixty-three 
thousand. This forward movement resulted in the terrible 
battle of Stone's river. During the first and second day's 
march the rain fell incessantly. Two companies of the Fifty- 
First deploj'ed on the left, skirmished with the enemy's cav- 
alry all the way to Stewart's creek. Resting Sunday at 
Stew^art's creek, the command resumed the march on Monday 
morning, and at four p. M., halted within three miles of 
Murfreesboro', and half a mile north of Stone's river. 
On the approach of darkness. General Wood ordered Colo- 
nel Barker's brigade to cross the river, and, if possible, learn 
the exact position of the enemy. When the movement co u- 
VoL. II.— 8. 



114 REGIMENTAL niSTOKY. 

mcnced the other i-egiinents of tlie bri^'udc were in the ad- 
vance; but Colonel Streight, with the Fifty-First soon out- 
marched them, iind, before the rest of the brlgnde was ready 
to cross, had iiis line formed on the o[ipo8ite side of the 
river, under the tire of the enemy. The brigade soon crossed 
and at once forming, with bayonets lixcd, prepared to meet 
an expected charge. There, alone and unsupported, stood 
this little band, confronting the entire rebel army, determined 
to hold their position. Colonel Streight, in his enthusiasm, 
rod ■ along the line, excluiuiing, " Bo^'s, we will not re-cross 
the river to-night. We will conquer or die on this ground." 
The rebel commanders heard this, and thinking we were in 
force in their front, deferred their attack until morning. At 
ten o'clock that night General Wood gave orders to re-cross 
the river, and the brigade quietly withdrew and rejoined the 
division. 

The thirtieth was occupied by both forces in fighting for 
position. An artillery duel opened the combat. There was 
an angry clatter of musketry, while artillery roared inces- 
santly. ISTothing definite was accomplished. The thirty-first 
of December opened the grand battle of Stone's river. It is 
not our purpose here to describe the battle, but simply to re- 
count inci<lents in connection with the regiment. Early in 
the morning (Jeneral McCook's corjis was attacked and 
driven in by the enemy, llarker's brigade was at once 
ordered to the right as a support, and moved promptly to 
position under a storm of shot and shell. Reaching the ex- 
treme right, the brigade had scarcely formed when it was 
closely pressed by vastly superior numbers. Colonel Streight, 
with great promptness, posted the sixth Ohio battery near 
the Fifty-First, and the brigade maintained its ground, roll- 
ing back the fierce charges of the rebels, and finally driving 
them, with disordered and decimated ranks, from their front. 
At this time the division on the left gave way, and llarker's 
brigade fell back about three hundred yards, in good order, 
re-formed and again checked an attack of the enemy. 
Fighting now ceased for the day, and the regiment returned 
to its position on the left. During the action companies A, 
B, and F, under command of Lieutenant Colonel Colescott, 



KEGIMENTAL HISTORY. 115 

were deployed on the extreme right a« skirmishers, and when 
the brigade retired it was feared, as they were flanked, that 
these companies were captured, but the galhuitry and good 
management of the commanding officer brouglit them back 
to the regiment, not, however, without much loss in killed, 
wounded and prisoners. On the first of January, 1864, a 
rebel battery opened on the Fifty-First, and for a short time 
shelled the regiment with much vigor. Colonel Streight 
then directed Captain Constant, company G, to take his 
company and drive the enemy's skirmishers from a cluster 
of woods in front. The order was promptly and successfully 
obeyed. The next day Colonel Streight, taking companj^ H, 
Captain Chambers, and a number of volunteers, advanced 
the skirmish line. The enemy opened on the line with grape 
and canister. The fighting was severe, but the men pushed 
forward with alacrity, and, driving the enem}^, accomplished 
their object. In this afi'air. First Sergeant John Baird, of 
company II, a brave soldier and a young man of rare merit, 
was killed. On the evacuation of Murfreesboro', the regi- 
ment went into camp and remained three months, during 
which the men were engaged in building fortifications and 
doing garrison duty. 

THE STREIGHT RAID. 

On the seventh of April, 1863, Colonel Streight was se- 
lected by General Rosecrans to make a raid in the enemy's 
country. Bragg's army was then lying at TuUahoma, and in 
inauofuratino; this raid the command of Colonel Streischt car- 
ried terror through the rebel States. Colonel Streight se- 
lected the following regiments, by order of General Rose- 
crans, viz : Fifty-First Indiana, commanded by Captain J. 
"W. Sheets ; Seventy-Third Indiana, Colonel Gilbert Hatha- 
way ; Third Ohio, Colonel Lawson ; Eighth Illinois, Lieuten- 
ant Colonel Rogers ; the command numbering fifteen hundred 
men. This small force was ordered to make a raid through 
northern Alabama and Georgia^ and, if possible, to cut and 
destroy the railroad communications between Richmond and 
the west, to destroy all material of war and public property 



llg REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

which thoy could finil, beh)iigini;^ to tlio rcljol government, 
in short, to do all the damage possible to the rebel cause. 

The command moved from Mnrfreesboro' to Nasliville hy 
railroad. Here the " Provisional JJrigade" — for such it was 
desiornated — was furnished with nine liundred broken down 
mules, which had previously been condemned and pro- 
nounced unfit for service. Taking steamers the command 
sailed down the Cumberland to Palmyra, where it remained 
one day. Colonel Streight ordered that all the men who 
could be furnished with animals should be mounted, and that 
these, with three companies on foot, should scour the country 
between Palmyra and Fort Henry, and collect all horses and 
mules which could be found. But the troops stationed at Fort 
Donelson had previously appropriated the animals in that 
section for their own use, so the foraging party, though they 
promptly executed the duty assigned to them, secured only 
one hundred a!id fifty horses and mules, and these were of 
an inferior quality. Meantime the rest of the command em- 
barked on transports, and proceeding down the Cumberland 
and up the Tennessee rivers, met the foraging party at Fort 
Henry. On the seventeenth of April, the command again 
took transports, and convoyed by General Ellctt's marine 
fleet, proceeded up the Tennessee to Eastport. In landing 
the mules at Eastport, about two hundred of the best animals 
escaped. Colonel Streight was then absent on business with 
General Dodge at luka. 

The foray across the country from Palmyra to Fort Henry 
was attended with many amusing incidents. Most of the 
mules were young and unbroken, and the efforts of the men 
to ride them was attended with strange gymnastics. The 
animals, though lean and scraggy, so soon as saddled, went 
off on what the men called a "sheep gallop." Running 
about a hundred yards, some planted their fore feet firmly in 
the loose soil, and kicking up their hind feet, sent their riders 
flying into the air as if shot from a bow. Others, in the ex- 
hibition of their mulish nature, reversed the order of loco- 
motion, and, running backwards, threw their saddles forward 
on their necks, and, dropping their heads and elevating their 
heels, dumped their riders like sacks upon the ground. The 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 117 

road was strewn for miles with mule-demoralized soldiers, 
making their mark upon mother earth. Mike O'Gonuer, a 
real " broth of a boj-," declared, " be jabers, mi mule kicked 
mi hat af mi head and the very buttons af mi coat, and threw 
me forty fut above its head, and then, divil that he is, he shot 
at me Mnth his heels while I was in the air !" 

The object of Colonel Straight's visit to General Dodge on 
the nineteenth, was to effect with that officer an arrangement 
by which the movements of the Provisional Brigade might 
be protected, so far as Mount Hope, Alabama. This arrange- 
ment being made, the brigade, after a march of twenty-four 
hours," joined General Dodge's forces near Buzzard's Eoost, and 
moved in the rear of that army to Tuscumbia. Instead of 
continuing with Colonel Streight to Mount Hope, as had been 
agreed upon. General Dodge halted his command, promising 
to "keep an eye on the forces of Bragg and Forrest," who 
were then known to be about fifteen miles to the left in the 
neighborhood of Town Creek. Relying on this promise, 
Colonel Streight, on the night of the twenty-fifth of April, 
moved from Tuscumbia in the direction of Moulton via Rus- 
sellville. The sick and those unable to endure the hardships 
of the raid, were left at Tuscumbia. Four hundred mules 
were received from General Dodge on the eve of marching. 

At various points between Tuscumbia and Moulton, Colo- 
nel Streight detached small foraging parties to capture 
horses and mules. Difiiculties were endured and fnn enjoyed 
on these forays. A novel adventure occurred near Russell- 
ville. Captain W. W. Scearce, learning that citizens in that 
vicinity were running off their stock, and that two heavy 
trains were only a few miles distant on the Franklin road, re- 
ported the facts to Colonel Streight. "Go for them," said 
the Colonel, in his usual blunt way. Captain Scearce, with 
his company, dashed off upon the Franklin road, and reach- 
ing Sand mountain, captured one wagon and fifteen horses. 
Taking five picked men — including Mike O'Conner— the Cap- 
tain proceeded aloDg a by-road, in pursuit of a train reported 
in that direction, and dispatched the rest of the company, 
under the orderly sergeant, further along the Russellville road 
to make other captures. After galloping a few miles a train 



118 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

was discovered. Captain Sccarce, accompanied by Mike 
O'Couner, rode np and demanded its surrender. The man in 
charge was armed with a shot gun, and drawing his piece to 
his sliouldcr, peremptorily declined the order, wliereupon 
Mike, with lightning speed, cocked his gun, and bringing the 
muzzle within a few inches of the rebel's breast, shouted, 
"Deliver it up in a jiffey, or its meself will let sunshine 
through ye mighty quick.'"' The gun and train were at once 
surrendered. Sending one mau for reinforcements, the Cap- 
tain with four men took charge of the train, and proceeded 
to inspect his prize — which consisted of six wagons, heavily 
loaded, forty horses, fifty prisoners and a number of double- 
barreled shot guns, revolvers, etc. The courier failed to se- 
cure reinforcements, so the Captain and his gallant band of 
four convoyed the captured train and prisoners through a 
countr}' swarming with guerrillas, to the main command. A 
rumor had reached Colonel Streight that Captain Scarce and 
his company were captured, and two companies detailed to 
support him, were about hurrying to his relief when the 
Captain rode triumphantly into camp with his trophies. 

Each company of the Fifty-First distinguished itself in 
capturing horses, mules and supplies, on the march through 
this region. The expedition reached Moulton at midnight 
on the twenty-eighth, and halted two hours to rest and feed 
the animals. 

The entire command being now mounted, resumed its 
march. Colonel Streight directed his column towards 
Blountsville, passing through Davis' Gap, it marched rapidly 
all the next day. Early on the morning of the thirtieth the 
command again moved forward, and had proceeded onl}- a 
few miles, when the discharge of a single musket in the rear 
announced the presence of the enemy. 

Rapid shots, accompanied by the boom of artillery soon 
followed. The Colonel, learning that there was a road a mile 
in advance, which intersected the one upon which he was 
moving, and along which the enemy could rapidly force a 
column and get in his front, hurried his troops past that 
point, selected an advantageous position, dismounted his men 
— placing every fourth man in charge of horses — formed his 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 119 

line of battle immediately behind the crest of Sand moun- 
tain, and ordered the men to lie down. Company B was de- 
ployed as skirmishers in the rear — now changed to front — 
with orders that if forced to fall back they should retreat 
across the front of the line of battle into a ravine in the rear, 
and then move cautiously to their places, so as to deceive the 
enemy in regard to the position of the Union forces and 
bring them unawares on the Union line. 

Streight's artillery consisted of two twelve pound mountain 
howitzers, which were posted near the road and concealed 
by brush. The enemy advanced rapidly and his skirmishers 
(cavalry) at once charged the skirmish line, i)ut were driven 
back. The main body of the Confederates then charged and 
drove in Streight's skirmish line, who, according to orders, 
retreated across the front of the concealed line of battle, and, 
reaching the ravine, crawled to their position, thus leading 
the rebels to conclude that Streight's main force lay upon a 
hill two hundred yards in the rear. Thus deceived, the 
enemy rushed forward with a yell, which betokened con- 
fidence of success. When about half way up the hill the 
voice of Colonel Streight rang from one end of the line to 
the other. "Up! ready! aim! fire! "and the crest of Sand 
mountain blazed with a sheet of fire. The slaughter was 
terrible. Many a rebel fell to rise no more. The enemy re- 
coiled, wavered, and before he could recover from his con- 
fusion avenging Union bayonets were upon him. For the 
commander's quick eye detected the opportunity, and giving 
the command " Fix bayonets ! now, boys, with a yell, charge I " 
The command swept forward, and a long line of flashing 
steel rushed over the crest with irresistible force and scattered 
the enemy like chaflT before the wind. 

Two pieces of artillery were taken in this charge. The 
column moving back to its first position, prepared to meet 
another attack, which, however, was not made. The Fifty- 
First took a very active part in this engagement, occupying 
the left center. Lieutenant Colonel Sheets, while gallantly 
leading his regiment, fell mortally wounded. The service 
never lost a braver or better man. Lieutenant John Wilson 
was severely wounded while cheering his company forward. 



120 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

By the deatli of Lieutenant Colonel Sheets, the command of 
the Fifty-First devolved upon Major Mcllolland. At four 
p. M. the command mounted and moved forward. 

The I'rovisional Brigade was now in the heart of the en- 
emy's country. It numbered scarcely fifteen hundred men. 
It was eighty miles from reinforcements, twice that distance 
from a base of supplies, and yet it pressed steadily forward 
into the land of treason. The nr/ble little band fought 
against a superior force and hoped against hope. Behind 
them, in close pursuit, was a force of seven thousand well- 
mounted rebels under one of their ablest Generals; the rebel 
citizens, with squirrel rifles and shot-guns, flocked to Forrest's 
standard. Before them was an unknown country, swarming 
with guerrillas, and an unfriendly population. 

At Crooked Creek, near nightfull, Streight's rear guard 
was affain attacked bv Forrest. The command halted, formed 
on the top of a steep hill on the south side of the creek, and 
awaited the onset. Forrest's forces, advancing rapidly, at- 
tacked Streight upon both flanks, charging with great vigor 
and impetuosity. First he essayed to turn the left, fulling in 
this, he moved with great celerity to the right. But the 
skillful combinations of the Federal commander completely 
bafiled the superior numbers of the enemy. Streight, form- 
ing his line just behind the crest of the hill, placed the 
Eightieth Illinois on the extreme right; the Third Ohio, 
Fifty-First and Seventy-Third Indiana being disposed in the 
order named on the left. A considerable space was left be- 
tween eacli regiment, in order to extend the line, and thus 
prevent a successful flank movement b}^ the enemy. Forrest 
concentrated and hurled his force upon Streight's center. 
Having been successfully resisted, he next made a stubborn 
efi'ort to turn the left. This movement was made by Forrest 
under cover of darkness. Streight, with great promptness 
and tact, threw the Eightieth lUinois to the left, forming 
at right angles with tbe line. Falling upon the ground, this 
gallant regiment coolly awaited Forrest's approach. Forrest, 
confident of success, pushed his column to our left and rear. 
Rising from the ground, the Eightieth Illinois poured forth 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 121 

a destructive fire, sending death into the rebel ranks, and 
causing his coUiran to recoil in dismay and confusion. 

The command then pushed on for Rome. Dangers and 
difficulties thickened. The men worn out by constant march- 
ing and fighting finally yielded to overpowering numbers, and 
surrendered to the rebel General Forrest near Rome, Geor- 
gia. Shortly after the surrender, Forrest was heard to say, 
that he "would rather fight any Yankee General than Colo- 
nel Streight." 

The terms of surrender granted by Forrest were, that the 
entire command, oflicers and men, should be paroled at Rome 
and sent through the Confederate lines. This promise was 
broken. The enlisted men and non-commissioned officers 
were paroled after arriving at Richmond ; but the commis- 
sioned officers were held as prisoners of x^ar and placed in 
close confinement in Libby Prison, where the}' endured every 
indignity which the fiendish ingenuity of the rebels could in- 
vent. While at Richmond the enlisted men were imprisoned 
on Belle Island. 

From Belle Island the men were taken to City Point. 
Here they again greeted the old flag. Taking transports 
down the James river they sailed past Fortress Monroe and 
throngh Chesapeake bay to Annapolis. Thence to Camp 
Chase, Ohio, where they were placed in parole camp. The 
time dragged along heavily in Camp Chase and most of the 
men took "French furlough" and started for their homes in 
Indiana. For days squads of them were seen traveling the 
rural districts of Ohio, avoiding the towns and military posts, 
stopping for meals at the hQuses of the hospitable "Buckeye" 
farmers. 

On the thirtieth of May they were exchanged, and reported 
at Camp Carrington, Indianapolis, on the fifth of June. 
Here the regiment was placed under command of Captain 
D. W, Hamilton, of the Seventh Indiana. On the thirtieth 
of June, Sergeants Marr}', Salter, Arnold and Denny, were 
commissioned First Lieutenants, and Sergeants Mallory, 
Brown and Scearce, promoted to Second Lieutenants. On 
the sixth of July, the Fifty-First was ordered to Louisville to 
intercept John Morgan, who was then making his famous 



122 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

mid tlirough Iiuliiina. Tlie regiment joined in the cluiso of 
that swift-footed raider, moving along the Ohio river in trans- 
ports, in order to prevent him from crossing, occasionally 
landing and making marches of twenty or thirty miles in- 
land. At the close of the chase the Fifty-First returned to 
Camp Carrington and resumed its duty of guarding prison- 
ers. Here the men of the regiment presented Captain 
Hamilton with a very handsome sword and belt, in token of 
his efficiency and gallantry while in pursuit of Morgan. 

On the twenty-sixth of October, the Fifty-First left for 
Nashville, under command of Lieutenant Murry, and went 
into camp near the Tennessee State Prison. At this time 
Captain Denny, then in a rebel prison, was promoted to the 
rank of Major. Lieutenant Colonel Comparct, of the Fif- 
teeiitli Indiana, took command of the regiment. The Fifty- 
First was engaged in guard duty while at IS'ashville. On the 
tenth of December, the regiment arrived at Chattanooga, 
and was assigned to the Second brigade. Second division, 
Fourth army corps. On the twenty-fourth, accompanied 
by two thousand convalescent soldiers, it marched for Knox- 
ville, to join its corps. 

At Charleston, Tennessee, on the march to Knoxville, the 
command was attacked by five thousand rebel cavalry, under 
Wheeler. The Fifty-First, with the convalescents, formed 
and charged Wheeler's command, driving it in utter confu- 
sion from the field, and capturing one hundred and forty- 
seven men and five commissioned officers, among the latter 
Wheeler's Inspector General. Continuing the march, the 
command, having halted twelve days at London, Tennessee, 
joined the Fourth corps at Strawberry Plains on the fif- 
teenth of January, 1864. On the seventeenth, companies G 
and B, veteranized. After going with the corps to Dan- 
dridge, Tennessee, and participating in a skirmish with Long- 
street, who was then besieging Knoxville, the regiment re- 
turned to London. During their stay here the two veteran 
companies were ordered home. On seeing these companies 
cross the river, the rest of the regiment became so patriotic 
that nearly all re-enlisted as veterans. The occasion was one 
of unusual interest and excitement. The men literally 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 123 

swarmed around company headquarters, and from sundown 
of one da}^ till two a. m. of the next were engaged in re- 
enlisting. No old-fashioned camp meeting ever excelled this 
affair in enthusiasm. The enrolling of each name called forth 
new bursts of enthusiasm which were followed by patriotic 
songs, and thus passed the most memorable night in the his- 
tory of the Fifty-First. The two companies on the opposite 
shore, hearing of the good work, returned to the command. 

The Fifty-First proceeded to Chattanooga and was mus- 
tered as veterans. It remained here twenty days. On the 
twenty-third of February, it left for Indianapolis, arriving 
there on the twenty-ninth. It was received at Masonic Hall 
by Governor Morton and other distinguished gentlemen. 
While the Governor was speaking a telegram was received, 
that Colonel Streight and Captain Scearce, with other offi- 
cers, had escaped from Libb}^ Prison, and w^ere on their way 
to Washington. The hall shook with the joyful shouts and 
cheers of the veterans. On the third of March, veteran fur- 
loughs were received, and the men spent thirty days at home. 
On the fourth of May, they reported at Indianapolis, and on 
the ninth started for Chattanooga, arriving there on the 
twenty-fifth. Here the Fifty-First was assigned to post duty, 
and for three weeks was engaged in disinterring the bodies 
of Union soldiers who fell at Missionary Eidge and Chicka- 
mauga, and depositing them in the I^ational Cemetery at 
Chattanooga. This noble work was well performed. 

On the twenty-fifth of June, Colonel Streight arrived and 
took command of the regiment. He was accompanied by 
Captain Scearce. They met with a glorious reception from 
the faithful heroes they had so often led to battle. Colonel 
Streight procured seeds and implements and employed the 
men in cultivating a garden which yielded an abundant sup- 
ply of vegetables, and was an important agency in the pres- 
ervation of health. 

Sherman's great Atlanta campaign was now in progress. 
The forces of that General having passed Dalton, the rebels 
were using every effort to annoy Sherman's flank and rear, 
and thus delay his advance. About the fifteenth of August, 
"Wheeler, with six thousand rebel cavalry, attacked Dalton 



124 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

and sacked the town. The small body of" troops stationed 
there took refuge in the Tort. To thwart Wheeler, and, if 
possible, defeat and capture his command, General Steadman, 
with a strouLT force, was ordered to move rapidly upon Dal- 
ton. Colonel Streight was appointed to the command of two 
brigades in this expedition, the Second brigade being in- 
cluded. Moving with celerity, Steadman met Wheeler in 
force three miles east of Diilton, soon after his capture of 
that place, and, after a fight of four liours, defeated an^ 
drove him from the field. Streight's command was in the 
thickest of the fight, the Fifty-First being in the front line. 
The regiment was commanded by Captain Scearce, and dis- 
tinguished itself as a brave and effective command, losing 
five men killed. Lieutenant G. W. Scearce, commanding 
company C on the skirmish line, displayed great coolness and 
bravery. At one time his company was cut oflT, surrounded 
and ordered to surrender, but, by adroit management and 
hard fighting, the Lieutenant saved liis compan}- and in- 
fl.icted severe punishment on the enemy. The battle took 
place about three miles from Rockface Kidge, upon rough, 
hijly ground, covered with thickets of briers and clumps of 
scrubby timber. Wheeler's command being mounted, was 
able to elude Steadman and make his escape, not, however, 
until he had suffered severe loss in killed, wounded and pris- 
oners. After repairing three miles of railroad which had 
been torn up by AV'heeler near Dalton, the command returned 
to Chattanooga, arriving there on the eighteenth. 

Until the commencement of the ]!^ashville campaign the 
regiment participated in several expeditions against Forrest 
and Wheeler. During the month of August, Wheeler was 
met and defeated at Shoal Creek by Colonel Streight, and on 
the twenty-seventh of September, Forrest was forced to evac- 
uate Pulaski by an expedition of which the regiment formed 
a part. On the eighteenth of October, the Fifty-First broke 
camp at Chattanooga, and went to Bridgeport to do garrison 
duty. This was a point of great strategic importance, com- 
manding a bridge crossing the Tennessee river — the main 
railroad line between Chattanooija and Kashville. On the 
seventh of November, Colonel Streight, with three hundred 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 125 

recruits, joined tiie regiment. Caplain J). W. Hamilton, 
having served his time with the Seventh Indiana, and volun- 
teered in the Fifty-First, also arrived, and took command of 
a company. Having been assigned to the Frst brigade, Third 
division, Fourth army corps, the regiment marched to Pu- 
laski to join its command, arriving there on tl)e sixteenth of 
November. Colonel Streight was assigned by General Wood 
to the command of the First brigade, the command of the 
Fifty-First devolving by seniority on Captain W. "VV Scearce. 
The weather was very disagreeable, and the men built com- 
fortable quarters, but, just as the command was prepared to 
stay, it was ordered to move, for a new campaign was open- 
ing. 

The rebel General Hood, the most obstinate and reckless 
of the Confederate Generals, having recruited and reorgan- 
ized the army that Sherman defeated at Dalton, and having 
swung into Sherman's rear, was advancing through North 
Alabama towards Kentucky. The Fourth corps, then lying in 
and about Pulaski, under command of General Stanley, and 
the Twenty-Third corps. General Schofield commanding, 
were ordered to fall back on Nashville. General Schofield, 
commanding the army, directed his column tovvards Colum- 
bia, and, marching night and day, reached that point on the 
twenty-fourth of November. The troops at once threw up 
breastworks, and, on the evening of the twenty-fifth, were 
attacked by the enemy. It was but a mere skirmish, yet it 
kept our troops in the trenches all night. The next morn- 
ing the rebels renewed the attack, driving in the skirmishers. 
Companies B and K of the Fifty-First, were thrown out to 
reinforce the skirmish line, and charging the rebel advance, 
drove it back. In this affair, Sergeant Jeremiah Hurst, com- 
pany B, was killed. On the night of the twenty-seventh, 
the enemy fell back across Duck river. The Third division 
remained at Columbia, till the twenty-ninth, the Fifty-First 
doing picket duty and erecting temporary fortifications. 
That night the force quickly withdrew and retreated toward 
Spring Hill. 

When about two miles of that place the command passed 
within half a mile of Hood's army, and so close to the picket 



1:^6 UElilMENTAL IIISTOKY. 

line oi' the rebel (icnerul Cheatham that the time of night 
could, by the lijj^ht of the rebel camp iires, be easily told on 
the face of an ordinal"}' watch. The rebels made no attack. 
The Fourth corps thus passed, and nothing but the negligence 
of the rebel General saved it from annihilation. The move- 
ment from Columbia liad been tediously and hazardously de- 
layed, and Ilood had pushed a powerful column around our 
left flank before our troops left Columbia. 

Reaching Spring Hill about two o'clock, the corps threw 
up hasty barricades, and resting till morning, proceeded to 
Franklin, reaching there at eleven a. m. During this move- 
ment the Fifty-First had charge of an immense wagon train, 
which was frequently attacked by rebel cavalrj-, and lost 
tw^enty-five wagons. At Franklin the Third division went 
into camp. Soon afterwards it moved back to the Ilarpeth 
river, to protect the crossing of the First and Second div- 
isions. During the battle of Franklin, November thirtieth, 
wdiich resulted in a loss to the rebels of seven thousand killed 
and wounded, the Fifty-First, with its brigade, was posted on 
the extreme left, to protect that flank, and did not become 
engaged. During the retreat to jSTashville, the regiment was 
in the extreme rear, and was several times attacked by rebel 
cavalry, but always repulsed the attack without loss. It ar- 
rived with the corps at JSTashville on the first of December, 
and at once commenced throwing up works. Within sight 
of the spires of Nashville, conscious of the presence of strong 
reinforcements, and under the immediate command of that 
successful and great department commander, General Thomas, 
the troops felt confident of success. From the first till the 
fifteenth of December, the two opposing armies were for- 
tifying and skirmishing. On the fifteenth began the battle 
of Nashville. The Third division was in the left center, and 
had much hard fighting during both days. In the thickest 
of the fight the Fifty-First was found, promptly and bravely 
executing every command. On the first day it took part in 
carrying two lines of rebel works, being always in the front 
line. 

On the sixteenth the Third division was ordered to charge 
and carry Overton Hill, and other strong rebel works in the 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 127 

center. A simultaneous charge was to be made along the 
whole line. General Beatty, commanding the division — Gen- 
eral Wood, in consequence of General Stanley having been 
wounded at Franklin, commanding the corps — formed three 
lines of attack; the Second brigade. Colonel Post, in front; 
the First brigade, Colonel Streight, forming the second line; 
the Third brigade. Colonel Kneffler, the third line. The sum- 
mit of the hill was crowned with a strong fort. Colonel 
Post, charging in gallant style, was repulsed with consider- 
able loss, and fell back and re-formed behind Kneffler's brig- 
ade. Colonel Streight was now ordered forward, and never 
was a command more bravely executed. Up that hill, almost 
to the cannon's mouth, charged the First brigade, the sheets 
of iron and lead from rebel guns and batteries, plowing their 
ranks and mowing scores at every step. But despite the heroic 
efforts of officers and men, the assault failed, and the brigade 
was forced back. The Fifty-First remained within thirty 
feet of the rebel works ten minutes after its supports on the 
right and left had fallen back. They then retreated in good 
order. In this charge Captain Scearce, commanding the regi- 
ment, and Captain Anderson, second in command, each in 
advance of the charging column, and exposed on horseback, 
as prominent targets to the enemy, displayed great bravery. 
Anderson fell near the top of the hill, severely wounded by a 
musket ball passing through his loins. His horse took fright 
and dashed to the rear, leaving him helpless on the ground 
between the two tires. Having no use of his legs, he crawled 
two hundred yards and was rescued. Scearce escaped with- 
out injury, but had his cap pierced by a minnie ball. The 
right of the rebel line having been carried by Generals Smith, 
Schofield, and Kimball, and the retreat becoming hurried 
along two-thirds of the rebel line, the evacuation of Overton 
Hill became a necessity. Hence, when the Third brigade 
charged the works, it had little else to do than occupy them, 
there being scarcely any force to oppose it. Soon Hood's re- 
treat became a rout, and the evening of the sixteenth found 
his entire army hopelessly defeated, a demoralized band of 
stragglers, having lost in killed, wounded and prisoners, over 
two-thirds of its men, nearly all its artillery, and an immense 



128 REGIMENTAL UISTORY. 

number of snuiU anus. In this buttle the FiTty-First lost 
heiivily. The regiment followed in the c^eneral itursuit of 
Ilootl to Lexington, Alabama, reaching there on the twenty- 
eighth of ])ecember. Here the pursuit was abandoned. 

From Lexington the regiment moved with the corps, De- 
cember thirty-first, to Iluntsville, Alabama, arriving there 
Januiiry fifth, 1865. Here comfortable quarters were built, 
and the winter passed pleasantly. On the sixteenth of March 
the regiment moved with the corps to New Market, Tennes- 
8ee, where it remained thirteen days. Here the men decor- 
ated their camp in a beautiful and tasteful manner, and were 
highly complimented by General Wood for their industry. 
A string band was also organized, most of the instruments 
having been made by the ingenuity of the men. While en- 
camped here, Captain Anderson, having recovered from his 
wound, rejoined the regiment. lie was gladly received by 
the entire command. But the wildest exhibition of joy was 
made a few days afterwards by the sudden appearance of 
Major Denny and Captain Gude, who had been upwards of 
three years in Libby and other prisons of the South. They 
had cut their way out of a car in which they were being car- 
ried from one prison to another; had walked more than 
three hundred miles through the most barren, mountainous 
portion of the rebel country to New Marl^et, eluding guerril- 
las and Confederate scouts. The report had renched the regi- 
ment that Denny and Gude had escaped, but that they had 
been recaptured and killed. The men had given up all hopes 
of seeing them again, and w4ien, without any previous notice, 
they presented themselves at regimental headquarters, an in- 
describable scene of joy followed. 

The material composing the Fifty-First was of thi' best 
quality. The men were recruited from the yeomanry of the 
rural districts. Captain Fleece, Company A, was recorder of 
his county, a member of the Christian church and of the 
masonic fraternity. Captain William E. Denny, Senior, was 
Clerk of Knox county for twelve years, and for a few years 
editor of the Vincennes Gazette. Captain William Sheets, 
company C, was a man of the purest morals, and was loved 
and respected by all who knew him. Captain Willis, of 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 129 

Knox county, was distinguished for kindness, intelligence, 
and uprightness. Of Lieutenant Colonel Benjamin F. 
Spooner and Major William H. Colescott, it is only necessary 
to say that their well known characters as men, both in public 
and private life, are known all over Indiana. Doctor Collins, 
Surgeon, was, for a number of years. Secretary of State; a 
man of commanding talents, and has contributed much in 
directing the politics of Indiana. He is one of the State's 
most valued and influential citizens — an honor to his profes- 
sion. Doctor Adams, Assistant Surgeon, was also a man of 
distinguished talents and moral worth. John G. Doughty, 
Regimental Quartermaster, is well known in Indiana. His 
excellent qualities secure for him the respect of all. 

THIRTIETH REGIMENT. 

This regiment was organized at Fort Wayne, and mustered 
into the service of the United States on the twenty-fourth of 
September, 1861. The following was its roster: 

Field and Staff Officers. — Colonel, Sion S. Bass; Lieuten- 
ant Colonel, Joseph J3. Dodge ; Major, Orrin D.Hurd; Adju- 
tant, Edward P. Edsall ; Regimental Quartermaster, Peter P. 
Bailey ; Surgeon, Edward R. Parks ; Assistant Surgeon, 
Samuel A Freeman ; Chaplain, Reuben F. Delo. 

Comjmny A. — Captain, G. W. Fitzsimmons ; First Lieut- 
enant, 11, W. Lawton ; Second Lieutenant, E. B. Stribley. 

Company B. — Captain, Martin L. Stewart; First Lieuten- 
ant, James F. Dunahoe; Second Lieutenant, Alonzo Doty. 

Company C. — Captain, Joseph E. Braden ; First Lieut- 
enant, George S. Hart; Second Lieutenant, Linus B. Hath- 
away. 

Company D. — Captain, Joseph W. Whitaker; First Lieut- 
enant, Charles A. Zollinger; Second Lieutenant, Douglas L, 
Phelps. 

Company E. — Captain, Joseph W. Silver; First Lieuten- 
ant, Joseph Price; Second Lieutenant, Isaiah C. McElfatrick. 

Company F. — Captain, William N. Yoris; First Lieut- 
enant, Oliver McMahan ; Second Lieutenant, Ambrose E'. 
Johnson. 

Vol. IL— 9. 



130 REGIMENTAL IIlaTOIlY. 

Company G. — Captain, William Dawson; First Lieutenant, 
Ebcnezur R. Barlow ; Second Lieutenant, Tiionias Burnell. 

Conipany If. — Captain, Cyrus Ilawley ; First Lieutenant, 
Whedon W. Griswold; Second Lieutenant, Job C. Smith. 

Company I. — Captain, James B. White; First Lieutenant, 
Josepii Aspinwell; Second Lieutenant, Zenas C. Bratt. 

Company K. — Captain, Myron A. Hawks; First Lieuten- 
ant, Samuel B. McGuire; Second Lieutenant, David B. 
Davis. 

On the second of October the regiment left for Indian- 
apolis. Arms, accouterments and clothing were drawn for 
four companies. On the sixth it took the cars for Jetferson- 
ville. Here the remaining six companies were properly 
armed and equipped. On the eighth the regiment left Louis- 
ville for a point fifty-five miles south, on the Louisville and 
Nashville railroad, known as Camp Nevin. Thus, in a few 
days from its organization, was the Thirtieth placed in the 
front line of the Army of the Ohio. The regiment was as- 
signed to a brigade composed of the Twenty-Ninth, Thirty- 
Eighth and Thirty-Xinth Indiana, all under command of 
General Thomas J. Wood. The time was occupied until 
December eleventh, in disciplining the troops. On December 
ninth, the Tljirty-Fourth Illinois and Seventy-Seventh Penn- 
sylvania were attached to the brigade, in place of the Thirty- 
Eighth and Thirty-Kinth Indiana, which were assigned to 
other brigades. 

While at Camp Nevin, the regiment suflfered much from 
disease. Typhoid fever and measles raged to an alarming 
extent. The Medical Department was inefiicient, and seemed 
unable to meet the emergency. On the seventh of Novem- 
ber four hundred and eix men of the Thirtieth were sick. 
On the sixteenth six died. 

On the eleventh of December a general forward movement 
was made. The Thirtieth marched to Bacon creek, fourteen 
miles south, and encamped. Here the enemy had blown up 
one of the massive piers of the magnificent iron railroad 
bridge. In six days the bridge was rebuilt, and the command 
moved for Munfordsville, arriving there at noon of the sev- 
enteenth. As the brigade was taking position on the ground 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 181 

selected for camp, rapid firing was heard on the opposite 
bank of Green river. In a few minutes intelligence was re- 
ceived that part of the Thirty-Second Indiana, then doing 
picket duty on the south bank of the river, were having a 
brisk fight with the Texas Rangers. The brigade moved on 
double-quick to the ferry on the Louisville and ISTashville 
turnpike, and was about to cross the river, when an order 
from General McCook halted the command, which then 
formed on the north bank. Soon news was received that the 
enemy had been repulsed, and the fight at Rowlett's Station 
resulted in a victory for the Union arms. 

ITearly two months were passed at Munfordsville in the 
usual routine of camp life, guard and picket duty, working 
details, foraging parties, and reconnoisances. The health of 
the regiment was good, and it obtained an enviable reputa- 
tion for soldierly conduct. General Wood was assigned to 
the command of a division, and Colonel E. N. Kirk, Thirty- 
Fourth Illinois, in the absence of his senior. Colonel Miller, 
Twenty-Ninth Indiana, assumed command of the brigade. 

On the fourteenth of February, 1862, marching orders were 
received, and McCook's division of the Army of the Ohio 
moved north upon the Louisville pike. The command 
marched fourteen miles to Upton's Station, and bivouacked 
in a cluster of woods. The night was very cold. The heavy 
roads prevented the wagons from keeping pace with the 
troops, and the men were without tents and blankets. 

General Grant was then beseiging Fort Donelson, and great 
anxiety was manifested by the command to arrive in time to 
take part in the fight. On arriving at Upton, news was re- 
ceived that General Grant had compelled the surrender of 
that important position. Although disappointed that a por- 
tion of the glory was not theirs, they made the valleys and 
hills resound with their cheers for this great Union triumph. 

The regiment returned to Munfordsville, and from thence 
marched to Bell's Tavern, fourteen miles south of Green 
river, on the Louisville and Nashvile railroad, near Mam- 
moth cave. Several miles of the track had been destroyed 
by the retreating rebel force, which had also filled up, near 
that point, both ends of a tunnel six hundred feet in length. 



132 REGIMENTAL ULSTUIIY. 

McCook's division halted to repair damages. After five days' 
unremitting- toil the railroad was repaired, and the march re- 
sumed. On the twenty-third the command reached Fort 
Baker, a rebel work on the north bank of Barren river. On 
the twenty-fifth steamboats arrived ; the troops were crossed ; 
and the command, moving through the formidable works of 
Bowling Green, marched with light hearts for Nashville. On 
the afternoon of March first the dome of Tennessee's capitol 
loomed above the hills, and the troops halted at Edgefield 
Junction. On the fourth McCook's division crossed the 
Cumberland, and, marching through the streets of Nashville, 
encamped five miles south of the city on the Franklin pike, 
in a beautiful field, designated camp Andy Johnson. The 
fall of Fort Donelson, and the rapid advance of Generals 
Nelson and Mitchell had compelled the evacuation of Nash- 
ville. 

While in camp the troops were relitted and reorganized. 
On the seventh a party of rebel cavalry, dressed in Federal 
uniform, took four men prisoners on the picket line. On the 
sixteenth a forward movement was made by the Army of the 
Ohio. The country south of Nashville is lovely, and as 
the column crossed the beautiful hills and wound along the 
pleasant valleys of Middle Tennessee, every eye was pleased 
with the scenery. On reaching Rutherford creek the com- 
mand was detailed to rebuild a bridge which had been 
destroyed by the rebels. On the twentieth they completed 
the work, and marched two miles across the creek, encamping 
on the north bank of Duck river, opposite Columbia. 

The turnpike bridge across Duck river had been destro^'ed. 
The river at this point is about two hundred yards wide, very 
deep and swift. Proper details were made, and a bridge was 
erected on the old piers, and a pontoon was thrown across 
the river, enabling the whole army to cross on the thirty- 
first. 

On the first of April the regiment marched for Savannah, 
a small town on the Tennessee river, seventy -five miles south- 
west of Columbia. The progress was slow, and the march 
difiicult. The road passes through a rough, hilly country, 
often following for miles the bed of a mountain stream. 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 133 

Heavy rains had rendered the streams difficult to ford, but 
perseverance and energy triumphed over all obstacles, and on 
the fifth the command encamped within twenty-one miles of 
Savannah. 

The next morning, moving rapidly forward, the regiment 
reached the summit of a high hill, when distant reverbera- 
tions broke upon the ear, sounding like muttering thunder ; 
a halt — a brief silence — and the sound, swelling with in- 
creased volume, and echoing through the mountains and val- 
leys, denoted that a battle had commenced — none could mis- 
takq the boom of artillery and the reverberating crash of 
musketry. They were the first echoes from the bloody field 
of Shiloh. 

Feverish anxiety dispelled listlessness. All were anxious 
to move forward. Soon the order was received to leave the 
trains. With eager faces and renewed energy the brigade 
pushed onward over muddy roads and through almost impas- 
sable streams, reaching Savannah that night. Here were the 
sad results of deadly strife. Every house was a hospital ; 
the wounded of that terrible day's conflict around the church 
of Shiloh filled the air with their cries of agony. Tents were 
filled; steamers were loaded, and still the stream of wounded 
men kept pouring in. To add to the gloomy surroundings, 
a terrific storm, accompanied with heavy thunder and vivid 
flashes of lightning, made horror visible. The measured re- 
ports of heavy artillery, from the gunboats, sounded dismally 
upon the river, adding to that night of terror. 

At two o'clock on the morning of the seventh, the Thir- 
tieth embarked on a transport, and, at daybreak, reached 
Pittsburg Landing. The steep bluff was covered with a mass 
of disorganized men, whose only desire seemed to be to avoid 
danger. Colonel Bass placed a guard around the boat, and 
it was difficult to keep the stragglers off. Some leaped into 
the water and piteously cried to be taken on board. As the 
regiment moved up the steep, sHppery, muddy bank, it was 
assailed by dismal cries from these disorganized soldiers, each 
of whom represented his regiment as cut to pieces. The only 
reply of the Thirtieth was, "come out and help us fight." 



y^^ REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

BATTLE OF SIIILOII — SECOND DAY. 

The brigade was soon formed, a>ul at seven a. m., moved 
towards the front in column by division. The battle had al- 
ready commenced. General Lew. Wallace had opened on 
the right. The heavy tire of the gunboats was heard upon 
the left. The Fifth brigade was formed in line in rear of the 
Fourth, General Kousseau commanding, with the Thirtieth 
on the right of the first line — the extreme riglit of the Army 
of Oliio. General Kousseau at once became engaged, and 
the Fifth brigade, under command of Colonel E. N. Kirk, 
acted as a support. 

The enemy was driven for nearly a mile, when he made a 
determined stand, from which even Rousseau's gallant, deci- 
mated command could not drive him. Here Kirk, with the 
Fifth brigade, advanced to the support, and executed a bril- 
liant maneuver in tactics — "a passage of lines" — Kousseau, 
moving to the rear, Kirk to the front. The commanders 
saluted each other in passing. Rousseau says, "My ammu- 
nition is exhausted, but I will stand by you with the cold 
steel." The brigade at once became engaged. Then was 
heard — 

"The foeman'8 yell, our answering cheer, 

Red flashes throu<ih the gathering smoke, 
Swift orders, resonant and clear, 
Blithe cries from comrades tried and dear, 

The shell-scream and the sabre-stroke ; 
The rolling fire from left to right, 

From right to left we hear it swell; 
The headlong charges, swift and bright, 
The thickening tumult of the fight, 

And bursting thunders of the shell." 

The Thirtieth Indiana was on the right, the Twenty-Ninth 
in the center, and the Thirty-Fourth Illinois on the left. The 
rebel line was strong in front, having been relieved and rein- 
forced simultaneously with ours. Thus two lines of fresh men 
stood face to face, each striving to annihilate the other. Ad- 
vancing across an open field, under a withering fire of mus- 
ketry and artillery, the brigade encountered the enemy posted 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 135 

behind a little ridge, running through a dense thicket of 
woods, the elevation protecting them to their waists. Here, 
cheered b}' the presence and words of Beauregard and Bragg, 
they hoped to stay our further advance. But our column 
pressed on. A rebel battery enfiladed our lines. The men 
moved promptly forward twenty-fi.ve paces nearer the enemy, 
while the Seventy-Seventh Pennsylvania charged and cap- 
tured the battery. Bullets fell like hail ; officers and men 
like leaves before the autumn frosts. Still the line advanced. 
Amidst this glare of sheeted flame and sulphurous smoke, 
Colonel Bass fell mortally wounded. Lieutenant Colonel 
Dodge assumed command, and skillfully handled the regi- 
ment. Adjutant Edsall displayed distinguished gallantry. 
An order was received to fall back a short distance to connect 
with the advanced line. The enemy supposing we were re- 
treating, instantly charged. The brigade at once faced about, 
swept forward, and repulsed the enemy. At this moment he 
was reinforced. In the excitement he forgot to take shelter 
behind the protecting ridge, and, for twenty minutes, with 
lines not fifty yards apart, the combatants hurled death into 
each others' ranks. The contest was terrific. Suddenly the 
firing of the enemy ceased ; a gust of wind raised the cur- 
tain of smoke, and the foe was seen flying in wild disorder. 
An advance was at once made. The command halted to ob- 
tain a new supply of ammunition, when the order to advance 
was countermanded. The battle was won. 

The regiment lost thirty-eight killed and one hundred and 
seven wounded, officers and men. The following compliment 
was paid by the commanding General : 

" Headquarters Second Division, Army of the Ohio, 
Field of Shiloh, Tennessee, April Ihth, 1862. 
Honorable 0. P. Morton, Governor of Indiana : 

Sir — It may be a useless task for me to add another trib- 
ute to the glory of Indiana, while the battle fields of Rich 
Mountain, Pea Ridge and Donelson, speak so eloquently in 
her praise. But justice to the Sixth, Twenty-Ninth, Thir- 
tieth, Thirty-Second and Thirty-Ninth regiments of Indiana 
Volunteers, requires me to speak of their conspicuous gal- 



136 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

lautry wliilc iighting under my command in the battle of 
Shiloi). The Thirty-Second regiment had already won the 
prestige of victory at Rowlett's. Tiie other regiments, actu- 
ated by a proper emulation, unflinchingly stood their first 
baptism under tire; and their action upon the field of Shi- 
loh will embellish one of the brightest pages in the annals 
of our nation. I am, Sir, very Respectfully, 

Your obedient Servant, 

A. McD. McCOOK, 
Commanding Second Division" 

Until the thirtieth of May, the regiment was busily en- 
gaged in the movements which resulted in the occupation of 
Corinth, a place which had been fortified under the instruc- 
tions of the most experienced engineers of the rebel army. 

After the occupation of Corinth by our forces, the Thirti- 
eth, with the division to which it belonged, was left to bold 
the town, w'hile the remainder of the army moved in pursuit 
of the retreating enemy. 

On the tenth of June, the line of march was again taken, 
moving east, across the northern part of Alabama, passing 
through luka — a place noted for its beautiful springs and de- 
lightful residences — Tuscumbia, and crossing the Tennessee 
river at Jackson's Landing, thence through Florence, Athens 
and Huntsville, reaching the mouth of Battle creek, on the 
Tennessee river, two and one-half miles above Bridgeport, 
on the twenty-third of July. The march Avas severe, owing 
to the dryness and intense heat of the season. The regiment 
remained nearly a month in camp, during whicli clothing 
was procured. 

On the twentieth of August, it was ascertained that the 
rebel army, under Bragg, w'ho had been confronting us on 
the south bank of the Tennessee river, with his lines extend- 
ing from Bridgeport to Chattanooga, had withdrawn his 
pickets, crossed the Tennessee, near Chattanooga, and was 
rapidly moving north with the intention of invading Ken- 
tucky. 

Pursuit was at once commenced. The troops, that night, 
moved through Jasper and up the Sequatchie valley five miles. 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 137 

The next morning countermarched, and made an attempt to 
cross the Cumberland mountains, but, finding it impossible 
to move the artillery over the rocky ascent, returned to within 
three miles of their starting place. On the twenty-fourth, 
they moved up the valley of Battle creek, and crossed the 
mountains at Altamont,* descending near Pelham; thence 
marched to Manchester; thence to Murfreesboro' and Nash- 
ville, reaching the latter point on the eighth of September. 
The next day the march was resumed, and the command 
passed through Goodlettsville, White Hill, Mitchellsville, 
Franklin, and reached Bowling Green, where it halted two 
days. On the sixteenth of September, it reached Prnett's 
Knob, and remained there until the evening of the twen- 
tieth. 

On the morning of the seventeenth, sharp firing was heard 
in the direction of Munfordsville. An order to advance was 
expected, but not received. Colonel Wilder, of the Seven- 
teenth Indiana, a brave and efiicieut ofiicer, had been com- 
pelled to surrender the post and garrison at Munfordsville to 
the overpowering forces of Bragg. From that time the com- 
mand regarded General Buell with suspicion. After Bragg 
had full time to avail himself of all the fruits of his victory, 
and had safely crossed Green river, the command was again 
ordered in pursuit. Our advance was constantly skirmishing 
with the rear guard of the enemy ; and, every turn in the 
road, and every position, bore the marks of severe figliting. 
Hundreds of foot-sore and tired stragglers were captured. 

Such was the situation when the army reached Elizabeth- 
town, fifty miles south of Louisville. Here Bragg turned to 
the right, on the road to Bardstown, and Buell to the left, on 
the road to West Point. Until pursuit ceased, the men, de- 
spite the fact that many were barefooted, and all were short 
of rations, had pressed cheerfully forward. A sudden change 
immediately ensued. From a spirit of enthusiasm which 
would have encountered every obstacle, the men sank into a 
state of depression and discontent, which reduced that mag- 
nificent army from a state of high discipline into little less 
than an armed mob. The army reached Louisville on the 
twenty-eighth of September, nearly naked, quite dispirited, 



138 REdlMKNTAL UISTOllY. 

and completely exhausted. Here they found a large mt 

of new troops awaiting their arrival, and were welcomed by 
the citizens, who had feared that Bragg would attack the 
place before Buell could arrive there. 

Here the command was furnished with clothing, and, on 
tlie first of October, marched in tlie direction of Frankfort. 
At Floyd's Fork it had a slight skirmish with the enemy. 
On the third, it had a sharp encounter near Clayville, on the 
Frankfort road, killing one rebel and capturing two Lieuten- 
ants and thirteen men. On the fourth, it reached Frankfort, 
and on the evening of the sixth, was ordered on a reconnois- 
sance, six miles on the Georgetown pike. This developed 
the fact that Kirby Smitb had moved with his forces up the 
river, doubtless with the intention of joining Bragg, who 
was known to be in the direction of Danville. The regiment 
received orders that night to return to Frankfort by daylight. 
On reaching that place it found that the division had moved 
in the direction of Lawrenceburg, a town fifteen miles up the 
Kentucky river ; it followed, and overtook the division at 
Lawrenceburg, engaged in a skirmish, which was soon termi- 
nated ; then moved to Salt river, and bivouacked at a place 
called Dog AValk, having made a march that day of thirty- 
four miles. X 

BATTLE OF THE QUARTERMASTERS. 

Here Kirby Smith made his appearance in our rear with 
his whole force of fifteen thousand men, and, as our division 
was composed of only about six thousand, he would, no 
doubt, have succeeded in doing much injury, had it not been 
that, fortunately for us, there were nine Regimental Quarter- 
masters, with a team each, and about fifty guards, who bivou- 
acked the previous night in an open field, two miles in the rear 
of the division. As they were scattered over much ground, and 
had built large fires, the enemy supposed the whole division 
was there encamped, and when the Quartermasters awoke in 
the morning, they found themselves surrounded by Kirby 
Smith's entire army. Ludicrous as it may seem, skirmishing 
at once ensued ; after some pretty sharp firing, during which 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 139 

a Quartermaster's clerk, be'onging to the Thirtieth, was se- 
verely wounded; and, after one of the most amusing parleys 
ever held under a flag of truce, P. P. Baily, Regimental Quar- 
termaster of the Thirtieth, surrendered himself — and the 
other Quartermasters and men — and train, to Major Generals 
Kirby Smith, Cheatham and Withers, of the Confederate 
army. The affair was so extremely ludicrous, that the sur- 
render was accomplished amid roars of laughter, in which 
all, save Kirby Smith, joined, who was, on reporting to Bragg, 
placed under arrest for not having captured the entire di- 
vision. 

Kirby Smith, having captured the Quartermasters, turned 
his attention to the main force, but, on attacking it, was re- 
pulsed with considerable loss. 

The division moved rapidly towards Maxwell, a small town 
on the Bardstown and Danville turnpike, reaching that point 
early on the morning of the eleventh, and there rejoined the 
main army — a portion of which had fought a severe battle 
on the eighth at Chaplain's Hills. 

On the thirteenth, it moved to Harrodsburg, and thence 
through Danville to Crabb Orchard, near Hall's Gap, where 
the command encamped four days. Reconnoissances were 
sent out in various directions to ascertain the position of 
Bragg's army. 

It being ascertained that he had fallen back, through Cum- 
berland Gap, into East Tennessee, it become necessary, in or- 
der to save the garrison and stores at Nashville, at once to 
re-occupy Middle Tennessee, before Bragg could reach there. 
Accordingly the command started, passing rapidly through 
Danville and Lebanon ; thence to Bowling Green and Nash- 
ville, reaching there on the seventh of November. 

On the thirtieth of October, General Buell, having been 
relieved of the command of the Army of the Ohio, General 
Rosecrans assumed command, and changed its name to the 
Army of the Cumberland. 

A spirited skirmish took place at Lavergne, on the twenty- 
seventh of November. The regiment lost three woundtMl. 
Lieutenant Colonel Hurd was severely wounded in the shoul- 
der. Until the twenty-sixth of December, the command was 



140 regimf:ntal history. 

engaged in drilling, procuring new clotlies and eqnipnients, 
and occasional foraging expeditions. Then General Kose- 
crans determined to move on the enemy. 

Oa the morning of the twenty-sixth of December the col- 
umn moved along the Nolensville pike. The day dawned 
drearily. Daylight struggled through a mass of black clouds. 
Thick volumes of mist arose from the valleys. Raiu fell 
heavily, causing the little brooks which had lately flowed so 
softly among the hills, to foam like rapids. The brigade had 
a lively skirmish about three miles from camp, and bivou- 
acked that night at Nolensville. IText morning the brigade 
was in the advance. The enemy made his appearance in 
force, and skirmishing commenced. The enemy was gradu- 
ally pushed back until an elevation was reached overlooking 
the village of Triune. The fog was dense. The rain fell 
heavily. 

The enemy appeared in force at Triune, and had destroyed 
a bridge north of the village. The stream was not fordable 
at that point, so a detour was made half a mile below, and 
the creek forded under a heavy musketry and artillery fire 
from the enemy. The rebels were driven from position, and 
retreated across the Little Harpeth river. It was now dark, 
and pursuit useless. The regiment stood picket in the 
drenching rain. 

On the twenty-ninth it marched back to Triune, turned off 
on the Ball Jack road, and bivouacked in an open field with- 
out tents or fires, within five miles of Murfreesboro'. At 
daylight it moved in support of Generals Sheridan and Jeff*. 
C. Davis' divisions, which had the advance. Skirmishing 
was continuous and severe. The enemy was steadily driven 
back. At four p. m. our division moved to the right and 
formed in line with two divisions of the corps — the Twen- 
tieth — Kirk's brigade being on the extreme right of the army. 
Willich's brigade formed at right angles to protect the right 
flank. On the thirtieth but little fighting was done by the 
division. At dark our skirmish line was within fifty yards 
of that of the enem3\ The regiment bivouacked that night 
in a dense cedar thicket, about seventy-five yards in front of 



KEGLMENTAL HISTORY. 141 

our main line. The night was fearfully dark, and a heavy 
fog rendered it difficult to distinguish any object. 

BATTLE OF STONE's RIVER. 

An hour before daylight on the thirty-first of December, 
the brigade was under arms; the pickets were strengthened, 
and every precaution takeu to prevent surprise. The heav}- 
fog rendered objects indistinct. At daybreak the enemy was 
observed approaching. He advanced on our front and right 
in immense force, formed in column by battalion, ten bat- 
talions deep. Simultaneously another column by battalions, 
five battalions deep, swept directly upon our right flank. 
They moved up steadily, in good order, without music or 
noise of any kind. Pouring on in mighty force they swept 
away the strong lines of skirmishers, and fell savagely on 
Kirk's lines. The Thirty-Fourth Illinois, which had ad- 
vanced to check them, closed with a crash in an almost hand 
to hand fight, losing one-fourth their number in killed and 
wounded. Edgarton's battery opened with grape and canis- 
ter, plowing huge gaps in the rebel column ; but their bat- 
talions closed up, and rolled on, with resistless fury. The 
gallant Thirty -Fourth, sternly resisting, fell back, and, at the 
eighth round, Edgarton's battery was captured, the gallant 
Captain fighting under his guns, with half his horses killed, 
and his whole command killed or captured. The whole line 
fell back and re-formed behind a fence. Here for a brief 
space, a rapid and deadly fire was poured into the ranks ot 
the enemy. But the rebel column swept on. Kirk is 
wounded and borne from the field. Colonel Dodge, of the 
Thirtieth, assumes command. The rebels still press on, mov- 
ing by the left flank, and closing in upon our rear. The 
brigade falls back, crossing a large corn field, under a mur- 
derous fire. The Seventy-Ninth Illinois rushes to our sup- 
port. Again we are flanked and forced back. The gallant 
Reed falls, cheering on his heroes. Simonson's Fifth Indiana 
battery pours in its fire. Lieutenant Colonel Ilurd, of the 
Thirtieth, forms his regiment on the left of the Third brigade, 
on a Slight ridge. Another murderous fire is poured into the 



142 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

enemy. A treinendiious vollovin our right and rear — Cheat- 
ham, with his veterans, are upon us. Again we fall back, 
and this time to a good [)osition on a ridge, near and parallel 
to the Murfreesboro' pike. Here Colonel Dodge had resolved 
that the further advance of the enemy must be stayed. Tlie 
brigade calmly awaited the onset. Soon the rebel columns 
appeared moving to our front and right. The rebels ad- 
vanced confidently, and poured in a withering volley, which 
was promptly returned. Volley- after volley was exchanged. 
Our ammunition was almost gone, when Colonel Dodge or- 
dered the brigade to charge. With a yell the men s{»rang 
forward. The enemy wavered, and was soon in full retreat. 
Thus the troops that stood the brunt of the first attack, were 
the first to repulse the confident foe. The brigade took no 
further part in the battle of Stone's river. The loss of the 
regiment was twenty-eiglit killed, one hundred and eight 
wounded, and eighty-two prisoners. During the remainder 
of the battle, which lasted two days, the regiment Avas vari- 
ously occupied, once making a reconnoissance, then construct- 
ing breastworks, and again supporting artillery. 

Murfreesboro' was evacuated by the rebel army on the 
fourth of January, 1863, and on the next day the brigade 
took position three miles below, on the Shelb^'ville pike. It 
remained there about one month, employed in picket duty 
and foraging expeditions. It had a spirited affair near Guy's 
Gap, on the twenty-third of January, defeating two rebel 
regiments, killing twenty-two and wounding thirty-one, los- 
ing only five wounded in the brigade. 

On the seventh of February it moved to Murfreesboro', 
and was employed on fortifications until the seventh of June. 

On the twenty-fourth, the regiment, with the brigade, 
under command of Colonel J. F. Miller, moved forward six 
miles on the Shelbyville road, and filed ofi' south in the direc- 
tion of Wartrace. The next, day it had a sharp action at 
Liberty Gap, in which the First brigade of the division, and 
the other regiments of the brigade, lost heavil3\ The Thir- 
tieth, owing to the protected position they occupied, lost only 
one man wounded. It reached Tullahoma on the first of 
July. The maneuvers of General Rosecrans had forced 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 143 

Bragg to evacuate this position, notwithstanding the skill 
with which it was fortified. The division remained atTulla- 
homa as a garrison. The enemy retired to the south side of 
the Tennessee river. 

On the sixteenth of August the regiment, with its brigade, 
again marched, passing through Winchester, Salem, and 
thence to Bellefonte, a small town on the Tennessee river, 
eighteen miles west of Stevenson, Alabama, where it re- 
mained encamped until the thirtj'-tirst, when the command 
crossed the Tennessee river, at Caperton's ferry, and, crossing 
Sand, Kaccoon and Lookout mountains, entered Browntown 
valley, at Henderson's Gap, on the tenth of September. 

Next evening it started for IsTeal's Gap, seven miles down 
the valley, in the direction of Chattanooga, to clear out the 
Gap, which had been obstructed by the rebels, and to obsfirve 
the movements of the enemy. A large force of rebels was 
seen in the valley, but owing to the movements of our cav- 
alry, they did not molest us, and the brigade reached its des- 
tination next morning. From the top of the mountain could 
be seen large forces of the enemy moving to our left, and it 
was evident their destination was Chattanooga, which our 
army then held. On the thirteenth the brigade fell back to 
Henderson's Gap. Then it escorted a train to Stevens' Gap, 
and rejoined the division on the eighteenth, near Lee's Mills. 

BATTLE OF CHICKAMAUGA. 

At daylight, on the nineteenth of September, the division 
was ordered to report to Major General Thomas, on the ex- 
treme left of the army. Heavy and continuous skirmishing 
had been in progress the day previous, each army endeavor- 
ing to find the position of the other. As our column moved 
forward the battle commenced, and as the division was march- 
ing in rear of the line, it had a good opportunity to realize 
the fierceness of the conflict. Seldom was -\\-itnessed such 
bitter determination in the attack of the enemy, or more 
desperate resistance in repelling his charge. 

The division commander. General R. W. Johnson, reported 
to General Thomas at twelve o'clock, and we were at once 



144 REGIMENTAL HISTOUY. 

placed in position — our Lrigadc being on the right of tlie div- 
ision, and the Thirtieth on the right of the second line of the 
brigade, and immediately moved to the support of troops 
already engaged. We soon found ourselves opposed to a 
heavy force of the enemy, and the contest became very severe. 
Our right flank being exposed, the Thirtieth was ordered up 
in continuation of the first line. Then the order was given 
to charge. The line swept rapidly forward, driving every- 
thing before it. It soon reached a ridge, running in an ob- 
lique direction to that from which we were advancing, crowned 
with a line of rebel guns, dealing death at every discharge, 
threatening annihilation to our already thinned ranks. With 
a cheer and resistless rush we charged and drove the enemy 
from his position, compelling him to abandon five guns. 
There was no time to secure them, and they were left in our 
rear, and afterwards picked up and claimed by a force which 
came up to our left and rear. 

In this charge, owing to the nature of the ground, the 
density of the woods and brush through which the column 
pressed, the line became confused, and commands mixed to 
such an extent, that to whatever credit any part of the brig- 
ade was entitled, could not be distinguished from the claims 
of another. No man cared with what regiment he pressed 
forward; all rushed on to victor}'. After passing the rebel 
guns, the line halted and re-formed, and again moved on un- 
til within two hundred yards of Chickamauga creek, the en- 
emy falling buck in confusion. Here, finding ourselves with- 
out support on either flank, the command retired about two 
hundred and fifty yards, on a continuation of the line with 
the rest of the division. 

Here we rested until nearly' dark. Very heavy firing was 
in jtrogress on our right, also somewhat to our rear, show- 
ing that we were detached from the main part of the army. 
Heavy skirmish lines were advanced to our front and flank, 
and the enemy were found moving across the Chickamauga 
creek, evidently preparing to attack us in force. Dispositions 
were made to receive them ; yet great anxiety was felt by all ; 
knowing that we would have to cope with a largely superior 
force. 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 145 

Just before dark the attack was made, iirst striking the 
Third brigade on the left of the division. The fighting at 
once became furious, and soon afterwards struck the front of 
the First brigade; then swept on to the front of our brigade. 
The struggle now became terrible. It was very dark. Our 
line and that of the rebels were in close proximity, and re- 
sembled two walls of living flame, as volley followed volley 
in rapid succession, pouring death into the opposing ranks. 
Suddenly the enemy ceased firing and fell back a short dis- 
tance. Then upon our flank swept a rebel column, which, 
after a short and bitter struggle, was repulsed. The lines 
were re-formed for another attack, when the division was 
ordered to fall back three quarters of a mile to the Ringgold 
road. The enemy had been punished too severely to molest 
us further, and the division withdrew in good order. Our 
loss was severe, more than half our command were either 
killed, wounded or captured. The Thirtieth had butfour of- 
ficers left, six were wounded, one killed and three captured. 

The next morning our brigade moved to the extreme left 
of the army and threw up breastworks. At nine o'clock, a 
scattering fire sounded on the picket line, and in an instant 
the storm of battle burst upon us. The enemy were making 
a desperate eftbrt to turn our left, and gain the Chattanooga 
road. Column after column of the enemy were hurled against 
our lines, only to meet destruction, or to be forced back 
bleeding and shattered. Death held its bloody carnival. 
Grape and canister tore through the rebel ranks. Musketry 
hurled sheets of lead into their columns. On the left, in the 
front, and almost in the rear, successive charges of the rebel 
lines rolled and swayed, only to be driven back with slaughter. 
The left held its position against all eflbrts of the enemy. 
The right met with disaster. 

General Thomas, who had held the rebel hordes in check, 
became convinced that it was necessary to withdraw to save 
the army and Chattanooga. At five o'clock, after nine hours 
hard fighting, the brigade moved to Rossville, five miles 
from Chattanooga, took position and fortified. Next day it 
received rations. On the twenty-first the whole army moved 
Vol. II.— 10. 



146 REOIMENTAL HISTORY. 

to Cliattanooga, the enemy being too badly crippled to 
pursue. 

The whole army at once comniencod fortifying Chatta- 
nooga. In a few days Bragg's army laid siege to the place. 
A steady routine of picket and fatigue duty occupied the 
regiment until October thirty-first. On the tenth, the Twen- 
tieth and Twenty-First corps were consolidated into a new 
organization known as the Fourth corps. The Thirtieth was 
transferred to a brigade of which Colonel Grose, of the Thir- 
ty-Sixth Indiana, was the ranking officer. On the thirty-first 
it moved to "Whiteside Station, on the railroad between 
Chattanooga and Bridgeport, and remained there until Janu- 
ary twenty-eighth, 1864. Thence it moved to Blue S[)ring8, 
thirty miles east of Chattanooga. One hundred and fiftj- 
eight of the Thirtieth re-enlisted as veterans, and went home 
on furlough, leaving two hundred in camp, half of whom 
were recruits, and therefore not allowed to re-enlist. It re- 
mained in camp until the fifth of May. 

THE ATLANTA CAMPAIGN. 

On the fifth of May the army of General Sherman made a 
jreneral forward movement. Our brigade moved in the direc- 
tion of Dalton. The next day it was within four miles of 
Tunnel Hill, preparing to bivouack, when it was joined by 
the "veterans" and two hundred recruits, making the aggre- 
gate of the regiment five hundred and fifty. Early on the 
morning of the seventh the brigade took the advance, and 
after steady skirmishing for three hours, constantly driving 
the enemy, reached Tunnel Hill, and remained there until the 
next morning. The advance was then resumed, the enemy 
contesting every foot of ground, until five o'clock, p. m., when 
batteries were opened on the enemy, for the purpose of de- 
veloping the position of his artillery, but without definite 
result. The brigade halted and passed a disagreeable night. 
The advance continued on the morning of the ninth ; brisk 
skirmishing ensued, almost assuming the proportions of a 
battle. The enemy was constantly driven, until he reached 
the base of a high and almost impassable ridge, bristling with 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 147 

batteries protected by earthworks. This was a strong posi- 
tion. A number of severe attacks were made and repulsed. 
Fortifications were thrown up and constant fighting ensued 
until the twelfth, when the enemy evacuated the position, 
and the command entered his works on the morning of the 
thirteenth. The strong position of Rocky Face ridge was 
carried by a flank movement. The Thirtieth lost eighteen 
killed and wounded. An advance was ordered and the re^i- 
ment pressed closely on the enemy's rear. Skirmishing was 
in progress along the whole line. On the fourteenth the 
enemy was encountered in a very strong position at Resaca. 
An attack was at once ordered. More tlian half the army 
was placed in line, and moved to the assault. After a ter- 
rible conflict, in which our army lost heavily, the enemy was 
routed with a loss of three thousand prisoners and four pieces 
of artillery. The victory at Resaca was closely' followed up, 
the command halted merely long enough to get rations and 
ammunition, and moved rapidly as the nature of the ground 
would permit, driving the rear guard of the enemy. 

He was encountered in force on the seventeenth, at 
Adairsville, protected by works. An attack in force was at 
once made. After two hours' hard fighting, with infantry 
and artillery, a charge was ordered. It was willingly ex- 
ecuted and the enemy driven from his intrenchments. For 
boldness in attack, and spirited recklesness in obedience to 
orders, the action at Adairsville is almost without a parallel. 
The pursuit was rapidly continued, following closely upon the 
enemy's rear. On the nineteenth the regiment passed through 
Kingston, and took possession of important railroad connec- 
tions. The same da}' it reached Cassville, and found the en- 
emy in force strongly intrenched. After severe fighting it 
drove him into his works, and at once threw up fortifications. 
Heavy fighting was kept up until the night of the twenty-fifth, 
when the enemy withdrew. Early the next morning our 
forces entered his works, and at once pushed on in pursuit. 
Leaving the line of the railroad, our forces made a detour to 
the right, and encountered the enemy at Dallas, strongly in- 
trenched. The same routine followed. Constant skirmish- 
ing, severe fighting, and hard labor. 



148 RKOFMENTAL HIKTORY. 

From tho twenty-sixth of May till the fitih of June, the 
Thirtieth participated in tlie severe engagements of J^uDas, 
Burnt Hickory, and Pumpkin Vine creek, in all of which our 
forces were victorious. On the night of the fourth of June, 
the enemy fell hack to Pine Knob, a naturally strong position, 
well fortified. 

Our army was nearly exhausted by the exertions it had 
been compelled to make. Fighting almost constantly by 
day, and fortifying by night. The left wing, to which the 
Thirtieth was attached was granted a few days' rest. The right 
moved in the direction of Rome, threatening the enemy's left 
and rear. The regiment remained near Ack worth until tlie 
tenth, when the column again moved in pursuit of the enemy 
and found him in position at Pine Knob. The usual skir- 
mishing and fighting ensued, and on the night of the four- 
teenth the enemy evacuated that position. Pursuit followed, 
and the rebel forces were found in strong position at the base 
and on the side of Kenesaw mountain. This mountain 
curves upwards — its summit appearing like a black cloud 
against the blue sky. Its position is impregnable to a front 
attack, and every means in the power of skillful engineers 
had been used to repel an assault. Batteries bristled at every 
available point, and long lines of earthworks and rifle pits 
swept around its face and up its sides. 

During the entire time the army was in front of Kenesaw, 
the Thirtieth was under fire. Not a day passed without skir- 
mishing, which culminated in severe fighting. Frequent 
charges were made ; sometimes by the enemy ; oftener by us ; 
and the roar of artillery was almost incessant. On the twen- 
ty-third of June the Thirtieth, Thirty-Sixth and Ninth Indi- 
ana, were ordered to charge the enemy's works in front. 
The column swept forward, scattering the enemy, taking the 
works, and capturing many prisoners. So sudden and fierce 
was the attack that the enemy thought it the prelude to a 
general assault. Soon the enemy made preparations to re- 
capture the works. But we had turned the works and were 
well prepared. Column after column of the rebel foes dashed 
against our lines, only to meet destruction, and at last their 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 149 

frantic eftbrts ceased. Soon after the regiment was relieved, 
and held in reserve. 

On the twenty-seventh of Jnne a general assault upon the 
enemy's position on Kenesaw mountain was ordered by Gen- 
eral Sherman, which resulted disastrously. The Thirtieth 
was in the supporting column, and met with but small loss. 
The regiment returned to its former position, and remained 
until the second of July. Then took post on the front line. 
At daylight of the third an advance was made, and the posi- 
tion found evacuated, the enemy being in full retreat. Ken- 
esaw mountain was carried by a flank movement. 

The column pushed on to Marietta, and about three miles 
beyoifQ, reached the enem^-'s works. It halted, threw up 
breastworks, and engaged in skirmishing. It was now the 
Fourth of July. The light became heavier. Artillery was 
brought into requisition. Captain Kirk, of the Thirtieth, in 
command of the skirmish line, was ordered to charge the en- 
emy's works in front. The gallant band cliarged with a yell, 
capturing the works so suddenly as to terrify the foe and 
send him panic-stricken to his main line. Of the eighteen 
who led the charge. Captain Kirk was severely wounded, and 
two men killed and eight v.'ounded. The works were at once 
turned, and the command halted for that day. At three 
o'clock the next morning, the enemy again fell back. Pur- 
suit was continued. After a march of five miles, the regi- 
ment reached the Chattahoochie river, unfordable at that 
time. It remained there until the twelfth. Pontoon bridges 
were laid, and the command crossed. It marched three miles, 
halted, and threw up breastworks. On the eighteenth of 
July, the command moved to Peach Tree creek, a small, 
crooked and deep stream, difficult to ford. The Thirtieth 
w^as ordered to cross and take a tenable position, and hold it 
while bridges were built for the artillery. This was accom- 
plished after sharp skirmishing. Next morning it resumed 
its march, and arrived before Atlanta, and at once threw up 
strong works. The enemy, after severe actions on different 
parts of the line, was driven into his works. The Thirtieth 
remained in position, constantly skirmishing. On the fifth 
of August, a gallant charge was made on the rebel rifle pits. 



150 REOIMKNTAL IIISTOUY. 

by a detail ol' eighty men, iiiulor Captain II. \V. Lawton, 
Company A, of the Thirtieth, whicli resulted in the capture 
of tlio pits with two officers and forty-eight privates. 

At twilight on the twenty-fifth, the command took uji the 
line of march towards the extreme right of the array. The 
celebrated flank movement was then commenced whicli re- 
sulted in driving Hood from Atlanta. On the twenty-ninth, 
the command struck the railroad running from Atlanta to 
West Point, and destroyed it for miles. On the thirty -first, 
it reached the Atlanta and Macon railroad, which it also de- 
stroyed. On the first of September, firing was heard, and, 
pushing rapidly forward, it soon became engaged in sharp 
skirmishing, driving the enemy steadily back until'^lark, 
when, owing to the unfavorable nature of the ground, we 
were compelled to halt for the night, during which the enemy 
silently withdrew, leaving his dead and many of his wounded 
in our hands. 

Thus ended the battle of Jonesboro', in which our array 
captured sixteen pieces of artillery and three thousand pris- 
oners. Next morning we raovcd forward, and encountered 
the enemy at Lovejoy's. A charge was at once made, and 
the enemy driven into his works, which had been constructed 
with great skill, on a high ridge, several miles in length. It 
remained there until the sixth of September, engaged in 
skirmishes which were interspersed with heavy artillery fire. 

Then the army was withdrawn to Atlanta without annoy- 
ance from the enemy. Atlanta had already been occupied by 
the Twentietli corps. 

On the fourteenth of September, the Thirtieth, its term of 
service having nearly expired, was relieved from duty, and 
ordered to report to Indianapolis for muster out. Until the 
nineteenth, the time was occupied in making out the neces- 
sary papers, transfers, etc., and, on the morning of that day, 
it broke camp and took the cars for home, leiiving in the 
field two hundred and thirty veterans and recruits, under the 
command of Captain II. W. Lawton, Com{>any A, Captain 
N. M. Boydston, Company B, and Captain W. W. Griswold, 
Company II. 

The Thirtieth arrived at Indianapolis on the twenty-fourt^^ 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 151 

had a fine reception, and were mustered out of the service of 
the United States on the twenty- ninth day of September, 
1864, and, with joyful hearts, left for their respective homes. 

INCIDENTS. 

Peter Fleming, fifer, and Richard Sloan, drummer, aged 
respectively about fifteen years, cousins, attached to Company 
B, were the first Federal soldiers in Corinth. They were of 
roving dispositions, and, whenever possible, absent from their 
company and regiment. So early was their arrival in the 
rebel stronghold, that they were ordered by a rebel ofiicer, 
just as the last train was leaving loaded with the rear guard 
of the rebel army, to "get on the cars," they being taken for 
Confederate soldiers. A prominent Major General of the 
Union army, who took great pride in "his troops being the 
first to enter the place," was so enraged at finding these boys 
there — as they did not belong to his command — that he had 
them arrested and placed in the guard-house. An hour after, 
they were seen by General McCook, and at once released. 

At the battle of Chickaraauga, Richard Sloan was Orderly 
for Colonel Dodge, commanding the brigade to which the 
Thirtieth was attached. Sloan was sick, and at the com- 
mencement of the battle was told by the Colonel that he 
"had better stay in the rear." Sloan begged the privilege of 
ffoino; with the brigade to battle, and was allowed to do so. 
In a few moments after the fight opened, the brigade color- 
bearer was killed. Before the colors reached the ground, 
Sloan secured them. A moment afterwards he was shot 
through the hand, and was obliged to give the colors to a 
comrade. Again Sloan was ordered to the rear. He tied up 
the wounded hand, and entreated so earnestly to stay that he 
was permitted. Shortly after, while carrying an order, he 
was shot through the chin, the ball grazing the wind-pipe. 
Being now disabled, he was compelled to go to the rear. 
Sloan afterwards re-enlisted, and is now a veteran. 

At the battle of Stone's river, Sergeant Joseph Cope, of 



152 REGIMKNTAL HISTORY. 

Company K, liad a personal encounter with a rebel, who had 
captured the colors of an Ohio regiment, and was about to 
take tiiem off. Cope secured the colors, and returned them 
the next day to the regiment from wliich they had been 
taken. Lieutenant Cope was afterwards Quartermaster of 
the One Hundred and Twenty-Ninth Indiana. 

Corporal William Rosbrough, of Company B, one of the 
color guard, at the battle of Stone's river, was shot through 
the breast and fell. His comrade, in the rear rank, stepped 
promptly into his place. Rosbrough crawled out of the line. 
As his comrade raised his gun a rebel bullet struck the bar- 
rel, bending it, and rendering the gun useless. Rosbrough 
seeing this, and very much exhausted, said, "Here is my gun; 
there is a load in it, but no cap," at the same time shoving it 
along the ground. His comrade caught up the gun, capped 
it, fired, and, casting his eye towards Rosbrough, saw that he 
was lying in an uncomfortable position. Placing his hand 
on Rosbrough's head, he discovered th-it he was dead. A 
few moments after, a soldier, searching his cartridge-box for 
ammunition, found but one cartridge. Rosbrough had fired 
thirt3--eight rounds! 

A drummer boy in Company D, named Shoaff, a modest 
and neat lad, about sixteen years old, insisted on taking a gun 
at the battle of Chickamauga, and going into the fight. He 
distinguished himself by acts of daring. It became neces- 
sary to ascertain the intention of a movement on the part of 
the rebels in our front. The right wing of the Thirtieth, un- 
der command of Captain Whittaker, of Company D, was 
sent to reconnoiter. Soon it met a rebel column advancing 
to charge our \vorks. To return to the Union works, in ad- 
vance of the rebels, was Captain Whittaker's task. It was 
gallantly accomplished. While falling back, he so annoyed 
the enemy's advance, as to break the force of his charge. 
Bnt, alas! the brave boy, Shoaff, did not return. While 
fighting splendidly he was killed. 

Jacob Liveriughouse, company K, a lad of seventeen years, 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 150 

was captured at Cbickarnauga. He was then acting as or- 
derly for General Johnson commanding the division to which 
the Thirtieth was attached. He was taken to Richmond, and 
there imprisoned, and subsequently sent to Danville. On the 
twenty-sixth of January he made his escape from the rebel 
prison, and reached our lines at Suffolk, on the seventh of 
February. On the twenty- seventh of June, when the Thir- 
tieth made the charge on the enemy's works at Kenesaw moun- 
tain, Liveringhouse was orderly at regimental headquarters, 
and, therefore, not obliged to take place in the ranks. He, 
however, volunteered, and in the charge captured a rebel 
lieutenant and private, and brought them in as prisoners. 

Perington Small, company D, was captured on the twenty- 
third of June, and sent to that hell upon earth, Anderson- 
ville, Georgia. He escaped from the prison five times, and 
was recaptured — once with blood hounds. At last he was 
successful, and reached our lines at Atlanta on the fifteenth 
of August. 

Colonel Dodge, of the Thirtieth, was taken prisoner at 
Cbickarnauga, while commanding the brigade. He was 
placed under guard of a rebel lieutenant and sergeant. By 
using strategy he succeeded in not only escaping, but also in 
bringing in the rebel lieutenant and sergeant prisoners. 

Major Fitzsimmons, Lieutenant Sterling, of company A, 
and Lieutenant Foster, of company I, were captured at 
Cbickarnauga, and sent to Libby prison. From thence they 
escaped through the famous tunnel, and reached our lines in 
safety. 

* 

Private Twomey, of company A, was a good representative 
of the Irish race. Brave to rashness, he never looked for 
consequences, but "went for the cursed ribbles " whenever 
there was a chance. During the battle of Stone's river, there 
was a point in our lines opposite which the enemy's works 
were formed at almost right angles. One day a rebel officer 
was seen riding along the line, and advancing beyond the in- 



154 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

tersection of tlii-ir lines. Twoinoy and ii comrade noticed it, 
and concluded to "go for him." One was to iire at the nnm, 
the other at the horse. Both fired. Horse and rider lell. 
Twomey started like a deer for the officer. His comrade'a 
courage failed. Over the four hundred yartis in front 
Twomey ran v<7ith great speed. The rebels were puzzled at 
the strange movement. Keaching the horse, Twomey fell 
flat alongside, pulled a water-proof over coat frotn the dead 
officer, took a watch from his pocket, and a flask of whisky 
from his saddle bags. Springing suddenly up, he ran swiftly 
toward the Union lines, reaching them without a wound, 
although a heavy volley was fired at him. Twomey was af- 
terwards accidentally shot by a comrade, and disabled for 
life. 

Private McMann, of Company A, was another genius. 
Soon after he joined the Thirtieth, a charge was made by the 
regiment on the enemy's works. The assault was peculiarly 
dangerous, and the old soldiers screened themselves much 
as possible, taking advantage of the protection the ground af- 
forded. McMann rushed on, paying no attention to cover or 
danger, and was the first man to enter the rebel works, using 
his gun as a shillalah, and making a terrible noise. After 
the fight was over, his clothes were found pierced with bul- 
lets, but he was not wounded. The old soldiers cautioned 
him against exposing himself so recklessly, and told him how 
to accomplish his object without so much exposure. Mac's 
answer, after hearing their counsel, was, "And now, will some 
iv 3'ees be afther telling a poor divil how to kill ribbles and 
watch stumps at the same time." 

SIXTY-NINTH REGIMENT. 

This regiment was recruited in the Fifth Congressional 
District, in July, 1862, under the first call for three hundred 
thousand men, and rendezvoused at Richmond. Its roster 
was as follows : 

Field and Staff Officers. — Colonel, William A. Bickle; 
Lieutenant Colonel, Job Stout; Major, Thomas S. Water- 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 155 

house; Adjutant, Oran Perry; Regimental Quartermaster, 
William Smith; Surgeon, David S. Evans; Assistant Sur- 
geon, William B, Witt; Assistant Surgeon, Jacob B. Mon- 
teith ; Chaplain, Alvin I. Ilobbs. 

Company A. — Captain, John li. Finley; First Lieutenant, 
Mayberry M. Lacey ; Second Lieutenant, George C. Gar- 
rettson. 

Company B. — Captain, David I^ation ; First Lieutenant, 
David K. Williams ; Second Lieutenant, Alvin M. Cowing. 

Company C — Captain, George H. Bonebrake ; First Lieut- 
enant, John Martin; Second Lieutenant, J. S. May. 

Company D. — Captain, John Koss; First Lieutenant, 
Samuel J. Miller; Second Lieutenant, Jacob A. Jacknon. 

Company E. — Captain, Joseph L. Marsh ; First Lieuten- 
ant, Cornelius Longfellow ; Second Lieutenant, Francis 
French. 

Company F. — Captain, Lewis Harris; First Lieutenant, 
Joseph R. Jackson ; Second Lieutenant, G. W. Thompson. 

Company G. — Captain, Wilgimton Wingate; First Lieuten- 
ant, William Mount; Second Lieutenant, Cordon W. Smith. 

Company II. — Captain, Frederick Hoover; First Lieuten- 
ant, David Yount ; Second Lieutenant, Hiram B. Bratton. 

Company I. — Captain, Robert K. Collins ; First Lieutenant, 
Andrew J. Slinger; Second Lieutenant, John H. Foster. 

Company K. — Captain, William Kerr; First Lieutenant, 
Jesse Hatton ; Second Lieutenant, William G. Plummer. 

It left for Indianapolis on the seventeenth of August. On 
the nineteenth it was mustered itito the service of the United 
States. Drawing arms and accoutermeuts, it at once started 
for Kentucky to meet the invasion of Kirby Smirli, It ar- 
rived at Jeffersonville at midnight on the twenty-first, crossed 
the Ohio and marched through the streets of Louisville, biv- 
ouacking in the suburbs. ISText day it started for Lexing- 
ton, and went into camp on the fair ground, near that city. 
On the twenty-fifth it marched to the Kentucky rivei-, leaving 
tents and camp equipage behind. ISText day it marched to 
Richmond, and camped in a beautiful grove near that town. 

The Union forces stationed there numbered about six 
thousand, mostly raw recruits, under command of Brigadier 



15G REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

GeTUTiil MiiiisoM. Ivirhy kSniitli was atlvanciiiir witli fifteen 
tliousaiid veterans. Tlie result was such as would uaturiilly 
be expei'tcd, Tlie Union troops wore ovcrjiowei'eil, many 
killed and the greater number cajitured. 

Lieutenant Colonel Kroft" was assigned to tlie coniinand of 
the Sixty-Ninth, its eomnianding oilieer having had no ex- 
perience in the field. On tlie twenty-ninth the regiment 
mari;hed to Rogersville, sleeping that night on their anna. 
The next day the regiment moved one mile, when it was met 
by cavalry, who stated that the enemy in heavy force was rap- 
idly approaching. The regiment at once formed in line of 
battle on the extreme right of our line. The battle was 
opened by the rebels with artillery, eighteen pieces which 
8we})t our lines were in position on a commanding hill. Soon 
the rebel force drove our left. General Manson ordered the 
Sixty-Ninth to the support. The regiment crossed the pike 
under a heavy fire of artillery, and formed. It was at once 
exposed to a heavy musketry fire, which was returned for an 
hour and a half, when our line gave way. The Sixty-Ninth 
was one of the last to leave the field, and formed four times 
during the retreat. For a new regiment, it fought bravely, 
losing thirty-five killed, one hundred and eighty-five wounded 
and twenty-three ofiieers and five hundred and sixty-four 
men prisoners. The prisoners wore at once paroled, and 
returned to Indiana. The wounded were kindly cared 
for by the citizens of Richmond. The regiment afterwards 
assembled at Camp Wayne, liichrnond, where it remained 
until exchanged. Meantime Colonel Bickle resigned, and 
Major Thomas W. Bennett, of the Thirty-Sixth Indiana, was 
promoted to the Colonelcy of the Sixty-Ninth. This excel- 
lent officer at once instituted a thorough system of drill andi 
discipline, and soon made the regiment an efficient organ-' 
ization. 

On the eighteenth of November the regiment again left for 
Indianapolis, and remained in camp at that place until the 
twenty-seventh. Then left, by way of Cairo, to jcjin the 
army of General Grant, which was making preparations to 
open the Mississi[)pi river. At Cairo it took steamboats, and 
landed at Memphis on the first of Dcceuiber, and was as- 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 157 

signed to the Tiiird brigade, General Morgan's division, Gen- 
eral Shernnan's command, and went into camp two miles 
above the city, and prepared for an active campaign. 

Meanwliile General Grant had moved a large force over- 
land, towards Grenada, Mississippi, using Holly Springs as a 
base of supplies, with intention of threatening Vicksburg in 
in the rear. General Sherman was ordered to embark his 
force at Memphis, to operate by the river in front. The Sixty- 
Ninth sailed with the fleet down the Mississippi, to the 
Yazoo river, and up that stream ten miles, landing at John- 
son's plantation on the twenty-sixth. It moved a short dis- 
tance, carefully feeling for the enemy. IS'ight approaching, 
and no enemy having been found, the regiment returned to 
the transports. Next day it dis-embarked and moved three 
miles, halting in line of battle, three miles in the rear of 
Vicksburg. The steeples and spires of the churches of that 
city were plainly visible. The day was occupied in getting our 
forces and batteries into position. In the immediate front of 
the Federal lines was a sluggish bayou, running from the 
north-east to the south-west. Beyond this was a range of 
high hills, on wiiich glistened the enemy's cannon, which 
were judiciously posted and well supported. Thousands of 
rebel bayonets sparkled in the sun, as the rebel lines wound 
along the hills and took position upon their slopes. The for- 
midable position, the frowning batteries and the strong lines 
of rebel infantry, betokened a desperate struggle. 

The morning of the twenty-eighth opened with the roar of 
artillery. The Federal left crossed the bayou and opened the 
assault by a desperate charge. The cheer of battle ran along 
the entire Federal line. The enemy replied from all his bat- 
teries, annoying our front and flank with a well directed fire. 
The Sixty-Ninth was in the center, and moved near the bayou, 
under a most galling fire, supporting the men engaged on the 
pontoons. The rebels soon brought their guns to bear on the 
working party, killing the Lieutenant commanding the squad 
and driving the workmen back. As reinforcements could 
not be thrown across the bayou at this point, the assaulting 
column was forced back with terrible loss. Our lines were 
withdrawn a short distance from the bayou, where wo formed 



158 RKHIMKNTAL HISTORY. 

in line of battle, under fire of the rebel artillery, and carried 
on heav}- skirmishing for three days. On the night of the 
thirty-first the trooi)S embarked on the transports. At four 
A. M., January first, 1863, the Sixty-Ninth withdrew and cov- 
ered the embarkation. The regiment lost two killed and 
eighteen wounded. 

General Slierman was superceded by General McClernand, 
who started with the fleet and troops for Arkansas Post. 
Sailing up the Mississippi to the mouth of White river, and 
up the latter stream t(M) miles, crossed by a narrow bayou to 
the Arkansas river; reached Arkansas Post on the tenth of 
January, and disembarked a short distance below the rebel 
works. The command was covered by a vigiorous fire from 
the gunboats. The troo[)S moved early next morning and 
formed a line around the rebel w^orks. At noon the gun- 
boats, assisted by a number of batteries, opened fire. The 
cannonading on Vjotli sides was terrific. At three p. ^., the 
rebels surrendered. Five thousand prisoners, artillery, am- 
munition and stores, and the rebel General Cliurchill, were 
the fruits of this victory. The Federal loss was six hundred 
in killed and wounded. That of the rebels about the same. 

The battle was mainly fought by the gunboats and batteries, 
only the center line of infantry being engaged. The Sixty- 
Ninth, being on the left, was not an active participant. The 
regiment camped in the rebel works that night. Four days 
were occupied gathering the spoils. The Sixty-Ninth then 
re-embarked and sailed doAvn the river, landing at Young's 
Point on the twenty-first of January. The men suftered 
much from exposure on this expedition. Grant's army 
grouped around Milliken's Bend and Young's Point until the 
spring campaign opened. 

The camp at Young's Point was very sickly. About three 
hundred of the regiment were on the sick list. Surgeon 
Davis and assistants were untiring in their labors, but many 
of the Sixty-Ninth sleep by the turbid waters of the Missis- 
sippi which wash the banks at that fatal point. The regiment 
remained there until the first of March, working on the canal 
and floundering in the mud. It then moved twenty-five 
miles up the river to Millikeu's Bend, and there constructed 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 159 

a better camp, adding much to the health of the regiment. 
While at Young's Point, Lieutenant Colonel Stout, Major 
Waterhouse, and a number of the line officers resigned. 
Adjutant Oran Perry was promoted to the Lieutenant Colo- 
nelcy, and Captain John IL Finley appointed Major. The 
regiment was now superb in drill and discipline. 

General Grant was then planning his celebrated movement 
to the rear of Vicksburg. It was necessary to explore the 
country, across the bend, and ascertain what were the facili- 
ties for crossing the army to some point below. General Mc- 
Clernand was directed to select a trust}^ and daring regiment 
to send out in advance of the proposed movement. Colonel 
Bennett, with his regiment, the Sixty-jSTinth, accompanied by 
the Second Illinois cavalr}', was selected for the hazardous 
undertaking. The Colonel's orders were to move via Rich- 
mond, Louisiana, to take that town if possible, and learn the 
exact nature of the country. K'o Union troops had pene- 
trated this region. The Sixty-Ninth was to survey the route 
for the Union army. 

On the thirty-first of March, at seven a. m.. Colonel Ben- 
nett moved, with his command, through a very rich parish, 
gathering all the small boats he could find, for the purpose 
of crossing any stream or bayou which might delay his pro- 
gress. At two p. M., the command reached Boundeway bayou. 
The enemy was posted on the opposite bank, protected by 
breast works. While the cavalry skirmished sharply with 
the rebels, Lieutenant Colonel Perry placed his men in small 
boats and crossed under a brisk fire. On landing, the Sixty- 
Ninth at once formed, charged vigorously on the rebels, 
drove them from their works, pursued them through the town, 
and held possession. Here it captured a rebel mail, records, 
and medical stores. It quartered that night in the Court 
House. The next day it moved a short distance and camped, 
and reported to the commanding General the progress made. 

On the fourth of April the regiment reached Smith's plan- 
tation, on bayou Vidall. In a few days were joined by the 
Forty-Ninth Indiana, soon afterward by the brigade and di- 
vision to which the regiment was attached. Further advance 
being checked by the back waters in the bayous, the time 



inO REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

was em[il(ne(l in cxplorinc: tlio streams in the hopes of lind- 
iiig' a chute h}' which hoats miglit aHcend from the Missiesippi 
and transi>(>rt the troops to Cartha<(e. At Smith's planta- 
tion, under the supervision of General Osterhaus, the Sixty- 
Ninth built a gunboat called the " Opossum," and manned it 
with two howitzers. Oars were the propelling power. 

On the seventh of April, General Osterhaus, with Captain 
Garrctson's company, started on the Opossum for Carthage, 
to ascertain if an army could be landed at that point. Steer- 
ing their way through the primitive forest, for two miles, 
they came to the levee, which was the only ground above 
water. On this levee the rebel pickets were encountered, 
and, after a sharp tight, driven back. The detachment at 
once charged along the levee — which was just wide enough 
to march on — and secured a lodgment on the Ion plantation; 
thus capturing the first point at which Grant's army landed. 
Next day the rest of the regiment joined the detachment. 
A heav}' rebel force was stationed at Hard Times Landing, 
one mile below. 

The hazardous position of the Sixty-Ninth, at Ion Planta- 
tion, was one of the most remarkable incidents in its history. 
It was stationed on twenty acres of dry land — the strong 
levee alone keeping out the waters. For miles around the 
plantation the country was inundated. A uarrow levee led 
to the rebel camp at Hard Times Landing, where reinforce- 
ments could be seen arriving from Haines' Bluff. There was 
no means of retreat for the regiment, save the little gunboat. 
The rebels planted a battery, and easily threw shells into the 
Federal camp. Our two little howitzers vigorously responded. 
Presently a rebel gunboat hove in sight. The regiment had 
constructed "heavy artillery" out of the smoke-pipes of the/ 
"Indianola." When the officers of the rebel gunboat saw 
the huge mouths of our "siege guns" waiting to receive 
tiiera, they withdraw without firing. 

On the eleventh, the Opossum arrived with the advance 
of the Forty-Ninth Indiana. For five days and nights these 
two regiments waited anxiously. The rebels in overpow- 
ering force, were in close proximity, and could easily 
have captured the whole command. Our fleet, during this 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY, 161 

time, ran the blockade at Vicksbiirg. For a time, in our iso- 
lated camp, the suspense was great. We could hear the roar 
of artillery. Soon the curling smoke of our gunboats was 
seen, and all hearts grew glad, for relief was near. The rebel 
gunboats withdrew under shelter of Fort Gaines, and trou- 
bled us no more. While stationed here, Captain Hobs re- 
signed, much to the regret of the regiment. On the twenty- 
second, the regiment moved to Perkins' Landing. 

On the twenty-eighth of April, General Grant embarked 
his army on transports. The Sixty-Ninth accompanied the 
expedition. At Hard Times Landing the transports anchored, 
and the men witnessed the vigorous bombardment of Grand 
Gulf. On the thirtieth, the troops crossed the Mississippi. 
The same day they marched twelve miles. 

On May the first, the battle of Thompson's Hill was fought. 
General Osterhaus' division, of McClernand's corps, to which 
the Sixty-Ninth was attached, led the advance. Reaching 
Thompson's Hill at three a. m., the enemy was found posted 
with a battery, which at once opened on our advance. A 
sharp artillery fight ensued, disabling three of the rebel guns ; 
the enemy then withdrew, leaving the hill in our possession. 
At six A. M., General Osterhaus' division advanced half a 
mile, and opened the battle, charging for three-quarters of a 
mile, driving the enemy before him. General Hovey's di- 
vision came up with the center, and, for a time, the heat of 
battle was transferred to him. 

The Sixty-Ninth was ordered to hold a ridge — the division 
falling back a quarter of a mile. The regiment was engaged 
in lively skirmishing until three p. m. At that time a body 
of rebel troops, consisting of the Sixth Missouri, Thirty- 
First Alabama, and two companies of Texas Rangers, ad- 
vanced to take the position. A desperate fight at once en- 
sued. Advancing up the narrow ridge, behind which the 
Sixty-Ninth lay, the rebel forces charged, but were repulsed 
with loss. Forming their broken columns, with maddened 
yells, again they charged until within fifty feet of our front, 
A withering volley met them in full career, and, for a brief 
time, a hand to hand fight took place, and again they were 
hurled back. The men of the Sixty-Ninth sang patriotic 
Vol. n.— IL 



162 REGIMENTAL IlISTOUY. 

songs and fought with heroic energy, while the rebels, frantic 
at frequent repulses, became more desperate. For over an 
hour did the gallant Colonel Bennett, with his regiment, repel 
every assault, and hurl defiance in their teeth. Then the 
Forty-Ninth Indiana and the One Hundred and Fourteenth 
Ohio, came to our support, and the rebels were driven from 
the field. 

The other portions of the enemy's line had been driven; 
this completed the rout, and gave us the victory. The ene- 
my's loss was heavy, especially in front of the Sixty-Xinth. 
The regiment lost seventeen killed, forty-four were wounded, 
twelve of whom died soon afterwards. Fresh troops arrived 
and pursued the enemy. The Sixty -Ninth bivouacked on 
the battle-field. 

On the second, the regiment entered Port Gibson without 
opposition, the enemy having fled in the direction of Vicks- 
burg. The occupation of Port Gibson caused the evacuation 
of Grand Gulf. On the third, the regiment moved to Big 
Sandy river, and were reviewed by General Grant. 

Grants' army had now obtained a position from which to 
operate on the rebel stronghold of Vickshurg. The army 
then moved towards Jackson. General McPhersou, having 
fought a battle at Kaymond, moved to assist Sherman's corps, 
then investing Jackson. McClernand's corps, to which the 
Sixty-Ninth was attached, maneuvered to divert the atten- 
tion of Pemberton's army. Meanu^hile, Sherman and Mc- 
Pherson captured Jackson. The whole army at once moved 
towards Vickshurg. On the fourteenth, the regiment reached 
Raymond. Moving the next day, it halted near Baker's 
creek, where the enemy was found strongly posted. 

BATTLE OF CHAMPION HILL. 

On the morning of the sixteenth of May, McClernand 
pushed his corps forwards, in advance of the other corps. 
His command had already fought three battles. It was am- 
bition which prompted this daring movement. McClernand 
had moved three miles when the enemy w^as encountered 
strongly posted on Champion Hill. Line of battle was formed ; 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 163 

Hovey's division ou the right, Osterhaus' in the center, and 
A. J. Smith on the left. The rehel pickets were driven in, 
and the battle opened. The Sixty-Ninth formed the right 
of their division, connecting with the left of General Hovey's 
line. Here the rebels could be seen massing on that portion 
of our line. For several hours the battle raged with terrible 
fury along the front of the gallant Hovey. His troops fought 
with great valor, driving the enemy nearly a mile. At this 
point the rebels massed, and hurled their force against Ho- 
vey's columns, forcing him back. The rebels were massing 
to fall on Osterhaus, when McPherson's corps rushed to the 
rescue. It was now two p. m. McPherson opened vigorously 
on the rebel left, breaking his advancing columns, and, after 
a severe struggle, drove them into a disorderly retreat. Then 
Osterhaus' division pushed forward, and pursued the enemy 
closely, capturing prisoners, guns and ammunition, until the 
disordered ranks of the rebels took refuge on the opposite 
bank of Black river. The heat of the battle fell on Hovey's 
division. The Sixty-Ninth took a prominent part in the ac- 
tion, losing seventeen wounded, and seven prisoners. Nio-ht 
found the Union troops in possession of the field. 

Early on the morning of the seventeenth, the army moved, 
and soon arrived in front of the rebel works skirting the 
banks of the river, and defending the Black river bridge. 
The Sixty-Ninth w^as attached to Lawler's brigade, in posi- 
tion on the left, and was among the first to charge the rebel 
works. With bayonets fixed the brigade moved throuo-h a 
skirt of woods, and then charged on the double-quick for 
nearly a mile, carrying the enemy's works by storm. The 
Union line, witnessing the gallant charge, at once rose, and, 
moving rapidly forward, captured four thousand five hundred 
prisoners. The bulk of Pemberton's army had crossed the 
river, and fallen back on Vicksburg. Bridges were hastily con- 
structed, and, on the eighteenth, the army crossed the Black 
river, and pushed after the retreating foe. The next day the 
regiment skirmished with the rebels, driving them into their 
works. Soon the whole army closed around Vicksburg, and 
entrenched. The siege of Vicksburg now began. 

The Union force was occupid for two days in getting artil- 



164 RKOIMENTAL HISTORY. 

lery into positioa. A rauge of high hills surround the city, 
which were lined with rebel batteries. Our lines encircled 
tliese works, the flanks resting on the river. The Union 
army was now flushed with a series of victories. Its leaders 
deemed an assault necessary. The twenty-second of May 
was fixed on for the grand assault. At a signal of three guns 
the grand charge was made. The thunders of artillery min- 
gled with the sharp crack of musketry, and the cheers of ad- 
vancing troops. To and fro the lines swayed in deadly con- 
flict until darkness put an end to the carnage. The Federal 
troops were repulsed with great slaughter. The Sixty-Ninth, 
charging over clifts and precipices, reached a point within 
two hundred j'^ards of the rebel works, which it held during 
the battle, under an enfilading fire, being partially shielded 
b}^ a cliflT. The regiment lost four killed and fifteen wounded. 
Major John H. Finley and Lieutenant Henry Stratton were 
mortally wounded. The regiment felt their loss deeply. Colo- 
nel Bennett, being obliged to take a short furlough on ac- 
count of sickness, Lieutenant Colonel Perry assumed com- 
mand. 

The rebel General Johnston was now threatening our rear. 
It became necessary to hold his force in check. On the 
twenty-fourth of May, the division to which the Sixty-Ninth 
was attached, moved to Big Black river bridge, for the pur- 
pose of guarding that point and watching the movements of 
the rebel army. 

Vicksburg was captured on the fourth of July. General 
Sherman, with a large portion of Grant's army, at once 
moved in pursuit of Johnston. The Sixty-Ninth moved on 
the sixth. The rebel army fell back in the direction of Jack- 
son. Soon as the advance of the Federal army crossed the 
Big Black river skirmishing commenced. The rebel force 
was constantly pushed back. On the eleventh. General Os- 
terhaus' division was in the advance. After driving the foe 
ten miles, he made a stand in an open field. The Sixty-Ninth 
was ordered to charge his pickets, which were sheltered by a 
house. Lieutenant Colonel Perry at once charged and dis- 
lodged them. The rebel army fell back on Jackson. Our 
army rapidly followed, and laid siege to that place. On the 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 165 

mornitig of the seventeenth, Jackson was discovered to be 
evacuated. The Union army at once took possession, and 
destroyed most of the buildings. The regiment returned to 
their old camp on Black river on the twenty-fifth of July. 
Up till this time the Sixty-Ninth had lost three officers and 
seventy-two men killed; twelve officers and two hundred and 
sixty-seven men wounded, and two hundred and nine men 
who died of sickness. Of one thousand and four men, who 
left Indiana, only one hundred and twenty-nine were present 
for duty. For a time the regiment was relieved from active 
service. 

On the eighth of August, the regiment embarked on a 
steamboat, and were landed at Port Hudson on the tenth. 
On the eighteenth, again embarked; were landed at Carroll- 
ton, six miles above New Orleans, and went into camp near 
the noted shell road. The markets being bountifully sup- 
plied, and the prices reasonable, the regiment enjoyed good 
fare, which had a favorable eflfect on the health of the men. 
Colonel Bennett returned and took command of the brigade. 

On the sixth of September, the regiment crossed the Mis- 
sissippi river and landed at Algiers ; thence took the cars for 
Brashaer City, encamping at that place until the army arrived. 
While here were occupied in preparing for General Frank- 
lin's Teche expedition. 

On the twenty-fifth, crossed Berwick bay ; marched three 
miles to Bayou Teche, and remained in camp there until the 
third of October. Then marched through the beautiful and 
fertile Teche country ; passing through the villages of Pat- 
tersonville, Franklin and New Iberia ; halting at the latter 
place three days; thence marched to Vermillion, arriving 
there on the tenth, and going into camp on Vermillion Bayou. 
In this great sugar garden of the South the regiment remained 
until the twenty-second. The camp was most beautiful. The 
men made beds of the hanging moss, and slept in peace. 

On the twenty-second of October, they marched all day 
through a cold rain, and slept on the banks of Bayou Caleon. 
The march was continued next day to Opelousas. Here the 
regiment halted, while a portion of the corps moved beyond 
that town. 



166 REGIMENTAL UISTORY. 

On the twenty-seventh, the regiment — with its luiL'.iiic — 
retraced its steps, and reached Berwick Bay. On the eight- 
eenth of November, it broke camp, crossed Berwick Bay, and 
took the cars for Algiers, opposite NewOrleaus, arriving there 
on the twenty-second. 

On the twenty-fourth, the Sixty-ISTinth embarked on the 
ocean steamer St. Mary, and next day sailed down the Mis- 
sissippi into the Gulf of Mexico. After rolling and tossing 
in its stormy waters for three days and nights, the regiment 
landed at Decrow Point. An attempt had previously been 
made to land at St. Joseph's Island; but, after getting two 
companies on the shore, information was received that Fort 
Esperaza had been surrendered, and the landing was aban- 
doned. The regiment remained at Decrow Point forty-four 
days, and passed the time gathering shells, and fishing with 
seines furnished by the United States. A bountiful supply 
of fish was always on hand. Oysters were also plentiful. 

On the thirteenth of January, 1864, the regiment sailed for 
Indianola. Here the troops remained eight weeks, and were 
busily employed in constructing fortifications and doing picket 
duty. There were only three thousand troops stationed here, 
they successfully defended the place, and built five forts and 
two miles of breastworks. Several foraging expeditions were 
made into the interior, resulting favorably. 

On the thirteenth of March, the command started for Mata- 
gorda Island, the Sixty-Ninth being in the advance. In order 
to reach this island the regiment had to cross two bayous by 
means of a flatboat, built on three pontoons. The first bayou 
was crossed without accident. At the second bayou a terri- 
ble catastrophe occurred. Seven companies of the regiment 
had crossed in safety. Companies B, G and K, were on board 
the flat to make the final trip, when the attention of the Lieu- 
tenant in charge was called to the unsafe condition of the 
middle pontoon. This officer paid no attention to the report, 
but pushed the boat off. The load on board consisted of 
about one hundred men and three horses. The bayou was 
two hundred yards wide, the tide high, and the waves were 
rough. When near the middle of the stream the defective 
pontoon filled, and the flat instantly sunk. The men, encum- 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 167 

bered with their arms and accoutermeiits, strngj:led in the 
deep waters; but, three officers and twenty-one men sank to 
rise no more. An examination of the affair fully acquitted 
the officers of the Sixtj'-Ninth. The only culpable person 
was the Lieutenant in charge of the ferry. After this disas- 
ter the regiment was unable to reach camp, and spent a mis- 
erable night on the banks of the bayou. Next day it went 
into camp on the ishuul. 

The troops were employed while here in working on the 
fortifications. Much time was spent in perfecting the men in 
drill and discipline. Orders were issued from brigade head- 
quarters offering a prize to the best drilled company in the 
command. One compan}^ was to be selected from each regi- 
ment. Captain Garretson's company, of the Sixty-Ninth, 
carried off the prize. While the regiment was stationed here, 
two hundred and fifty of the non-veterans of the Eighth were 
attached to the Sixty-Ninth, and remained with it, under 
command of Lieutenant Colonel Perry, until after the Red 
river campaign. While at this camp, Surgeon David S. Ev- 
ans, owing to ill-health, resigned. Doctor J. B. Monteith 
was appointed in his place, and remained with the regiment 
until its discharge. On the twentieth of April, the regiment 
sailed for New Orleans, arriving there on the twenty-third. 

General Banks, with his army, was now up Red river. The 
regiment at once embarked on a steamboat and sailed for 
Alexandria, arriving there on the twenty-seventh, A por- 
tion of General Banks' army had nearly reached Shreveport, 
when, meeting with a reverse, it fell back to Alexandria. 
The Sixty-Ninth, being fresh, was sent at once to the front. 
The enemy, who was closely following our retreating troops, 
was met and checked by the Sixty-Ninth. A sharp skirmish 
was kept up all da3^ That night the regiment went into 
camp near Alexandria. The next day it again moved to the 
front, and was ordered back half a mile in rear of their camp; 
then, by order of General Banks, all the camps were de- 
stroyed. The regiment lost its baggage, camp equipage, etc. 
The enemy made no attack, and this destruction of property 
was pronounced useless. On the thirtieth, the regiment was 
placed on the picket line. The second of May, the corps ad- 



f^ REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

vanced, driving the enemy. The corps, falling hack at night, 
^eft the regiment as a rear guard. It lay in line of battle 
during the night, and returned to camp the next morning. 
On the fourth, the enemy vigorously shelled our camp, but 
were soon silenced by our batteries. At six a. m., the next 
day, another advance was made. The enemy was soon en- 
countered, and was forced back seven miles, disputing every 
foot of ground. The Sixty-Ninth was actively engaged, los- 
ing two wounded. At night the army fell back to its camps, 
closely followed by the rebels. Both armies then assumed 
their former positions. 

On the seventh, the Sixty-Ninth was engaged on the skirm- 
ish line, driving the rebels beyond a small bayou at Twelve- 
Mile Bridge. Here a rebel Major was captured, who was 
chief of artillery to Dick Taylor, and bearer of dispatches. 
Important papers were found in his possession. The Sixty- 
Ninth remained without tents at Twelve-Mile Bridge until 
the thirteenth. 

General A. J. Smith's command was detached to cover the 
retreat of Bank's army to the Mississippi river. General 
Lawler's brigade, to which the Sixty-Ninth was assigned, was 
attached to Smith's command. The gunboats having made 
a passage over the bar, the army commenced its retreat. 

On the thirteenth, the "rear guard moved, leaving Alexan- 
dria on the left, and touching Red river below the town. It 
reached Atchafalaya river on the seventeenth, closely followed 
by a large force of rebels under Dick Taylor. While prepa- 
rations were making to cross the army over the river, the 
enemy made a desperate attack. The brunt of the rebel as- 
sault was met by General Mower's division of A. J. Smith's 
command. Although attacked by twice their number, they 
euccessfnlly withstood the onset, and, fighting desperately, re- 
pulsed the rebel columns. This enabled the arni}'^ of Gen- 
eral Banks to cross the river on a bridge of steamboats. 

On the twentieth of May, after one of the most disastrous 
campaigns on record, the army of General Banks reached the 
Mississippi river. 

The Sixty-Ninth went into camp at Morganza Bend, and 
were employed for five months in protecting the navigation 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 169 

of the Mississippi river. A number of raids were made into 
the interior of the country during this time. On the twelfth 
of November, the regiment sailed on steamboats to Natchez, 
Mississippi, and made a raid into the country, which resulted 
in procuring abundant supplies. On the twenty-second, it 
shipped for Baton liouge, Louisiana; remained there until 
the seventh of December, when it sailed for New Orleans, ar- 
riving there next day. There the regiment embarked on the 
ocean steamer North America, sailed for Dauphin Island, and 
landed there on the tenth, when it reported to Major General 
Gordon Granger, who was fitting out an expedition for Pas- 
cogoula, Mississippi. 

On the fourteenth, the fleet sailed, and the next day landed 
at a point a few miles up the Pascogoula river. The com- 
mand marched five miles on the Mobile road, and halted. 
Next morning it moved into Mobile county, and encamped 
on Franklin creek, twenty miles from Mobile. The object 
of this movement was to divert the attention of the rebel 
forces at Mobile, while General Davidson, starting with a cav- 
alry force from Baton Rouge, should make a raid into the in- 
terior of Mississippi. 

The regiment remained at Franklin creek ten days-, and 
during its stay was engaged in several skirmishes Avith the 
enemy. At one time the Sixty-Ninth moved near Grand 
Bay, and held an important post while the army withdrew ; 
skirmishing with the enemy; repulsing him, and taking a 
number of prisoners. On another occasion, a Sergeant and 
squad were sent two miles from camp to guard a bridge. The 
squad was attacked by fifty rebel cavalry. The Sergeant de- 
serted his post, but four privates of the Sixty-Ninth resolved 
to hold the position. A sharp fight ensued, and the rebel 
cavalry were repulsed. The names of these brave men were 
Edward Yaryan, John Yaryan, and George "Ward, of Com- 
pany G, and John McFerren, of Company K. 

AVhile at Pascagoula, General Canby, commanding the 
military division of West Mississippi, issued orders consoli- 
dating the Indiana regiments in his division. On receipt of 
this order. Lieutenant Colonel Perry made special application 
to the General for permission to consolidate the regiment into 



170 REGTMENTAIi niSTORY. 

a battnliou. The request was grunted. Tlie consolidation 
mustered out the Colonel, Major and four line officers. The 
battalion, now numbering three hundred and eighty-two men, 
was formed into four companies, under command of Lieuten- 
ant Colonel Perry. J3y this organization the Sixty-Xinth was 
permitted to retain its old flag and number. The heroes of 
eight hard-fought battles, and numerous skirmishes, were 
proud of the honor conferred on them by General Can by. 

On the thirty-first of January, 1865, the regiment shipped 
on steamer, and were landed at Barrancas, on the Florida 
coast, near Pensacola. Here it was brigaded with the Twen- 
ty-Fourth Indiana, and Seventy- Sixth and Ninety-Seventh 
Illinois, all under command of Colonel W. T. Spicely, of the 
Twenty-Fourth Indiana. They were designated as the 
Second brigade, and attached to th« Second division, of the 
Thirteenth army corps. It was attached to the command of 
General Steele, which consisted principally of colored troops. 
On the thirteenth of March, the regiment broke camp, and 
marched to Pensacola. 

General Canby had now completed his plans for the spring 
campaign. General Steele's column was to march through 
Florida; divert the attention of the rebel army at Mobile; 
while the main Union army moved upon the Spanish Fort 
and Blakely, which composed the principal defences of that 
city. General Steele's maneuver deceived the enemy — as to 
the point of attack — who prepared to meet Steele's column 
at Selma, or Montgomery. But Steele, striking the Mobile 
and Great Northern Pailroad at Pollard, destroyed the track 
for some distance ; then, suddenly changing his course, moved 
on Mobile, and joined the main army. 

The Sixty-Ninth left Pensacola, with the corps, on the 
twentieth of March. Struggling through swamps and pine 
forests; corduroy roads; floundering in mud; short of ra- 
tions ; after eleven days severe toil, it reached Stockton, on 
the Tensas river. The next day it joined the forces which 
were besieging Spanish Fort. On the first of April, it moved 
for Blakely, and joined in the siege of that place. The regi- 
ment, for some days, was engaged in digging trenches, and 
graduall}' advancing upon the enemy's works. On the eighth, 



KEaiMENTAL HISTORY. 171 

the rebels evacuated Spanish Fort, making good their escape. 
It was then resolved to take the works at Blakel}'- by storm. 
At five P. M., on the ninth, the order to charge was given. 
The Sixty- Ninth, by order of Colonel Spicely, led the assault, 
under command of Lieutenant Colonel Perry. At a given 
signal, the whole line arose, and, with a desperate rush, scaled 
the works. The fighting, for a brief space, was terrific ; but 
the sudden assault took the enemy by surprise, and the en- 
tire rebel garrison were captured. Lieutenant Colonel Perry 
was severely wounded in this charge. The capture of Spanish 
Fort and Blakely gave us command of Mobile. The rebel 
army at once evacuated. 

On the twelfth, the divisions of Generals Yeatch and Ben- 
ton, crossed the bay, and entered the city. At the same time, 
General A. J. Smith, with the Sixteenth corps, moved for 
Montgomery. 

The Sixty-Ninth remained at Blakely and Stark's landing, 
until the twentieth of April, with General Steele's command. 

The forces then embarked on steamboats and moved cau- 
tiously up the Alabama river, with gunboats in the adv^ince. 
All the defences of the river were abandoned by the rebels as 
the fleet approached. The regiment made frequent landings, 
and foraged the country. At Cahawba were found twenty 
Union prisoners — mere skeletons — victims of the Andersou- 
ville prison-pen. 

When within a few miles of Selma, the fleet met a skifl^ 
which contained the rebel Colonel commanding that post, 
with a flag of truce. He at once surrendered the town, and 
announced the news of Sherman and Johnston's memoranda, 
and also announced that he was ordered by General Dick 
Taylor, to inform the Federal commander, that the Confed- 
erate authorities had declared an armistice, and requested the 
Union commander to respect the same. 

General Steele at once ordered his men to respect prop- 
erty, and not molest the rebel soldiers. The hearts of the 
men swelled with gladness at this first news of Peace ! They 
now first heard of the fall of Richmond, the surrender of 
Lee's army, and the sudden collapse of the Confederacy. 
With new life they disembarked and filed through the streets 



172 REGIMENTAL UISTORY. 

of Selrna, The Union and rebel soldiery freely mingled and 
talked of battles, and of home. 

The regiment, on the twelfth of May, embarked on a steam- 
boiit and reached Mobile. While there, the brigade to which 
it was attached, was sent to Texas, but, by special order, the 
Sixty-Ninth was detached and assigned to duty at Mobile. 

On the sixth of July, it was mustered out and started for 
Indiai apolis, where it arrived on the eighteenth. Soon its 
members were paid off, and returned to their homes. 

MAJOR JOHN II. FINLEY. 

"When the first gun of the rebellion was fired, and ere its 
peal of alarm had ceased to echo, young Finley left his home 
and all the endearments of civil life, and enlisted as a soldier 
in the Sixteenth regiment of Indiana volunteers. On the or- 
ganization of his company he was elected Second Lieutenant, 
and was afterwards appointed Adjutant of his regiment. ITe 
served with distinction in that regiment until the expiration 
of the period of its enlistment. 

"The war for the suppression of the giant rebellion was still 
raging, and again Lieutenant Finley answered the call of his 
country. He raised a company for the Sixty-ISTinth regiment 
and was elected Captain. He possessed the qualities requisite 
for a Captain in a pre-eminent degree. His success in drill- 
ing, disciplining and providing for his company, challenged 
the admiration of the whole army with which he served, and 
on more than one occasion he received the compliments of 
the commanding General. But his military qualities were 
required in a wider sphere, and he was commissioned a Major 
by Governor Morton, with the unanimous sanction of every, 
oflacer and soldier in the regiment. In this capacity he dis- ' 
played his high military ability, his valor and his chivalry in 
a remarkable degree. He participated in all the memorable 
and bloody conflicts that his regiment had with the enemy, 
up till the time of his fall — conflicts which arc a [)art of the 
history of the country. Richmond, Kentucky; Chickasaw 
Bluffs; Arkansas Post; Ion; Port Gibson; Champion Hills; 
Black River Bridge, were fields on which true courage was 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 173 

ahowu by many a hero, but by none more conspicuously than 
by Major Finley. From the time of the organization of the 
regiment to the clay of his fall, he was not off duty an hour 
— always at his post, foremost in the conflict, cheering on 
his men. 

"But it was reserved for him to fall at his post, in the thick- 
est of the flght. In the memorable charge on the rebel works 
in the rear of Vicksburg on the twenty-second of May, Major 
Finley, while at the head of his regiment, received a mortal 
wound by a musket ball from the enemy. Standing in front 
of the regiment, amid a shower of shot and shell, he was, 
with his uplifted sword, pointing out the rifle-pits of the en- 
trenched foe, when the fatal messenger came. 

None who witnessed that scene will ever forget the noble 
conduct of the wounded Major. "When the ball struck him, 
he betrayed no emotion of fear, nor uttered a word, but de- 
liberately dropping his sword by his side, he cast his eyes 
towards the enemy in scorn, and for a moment his proud and 
haughty lip quivered a defiance never to be forgotten, then 
falling on one knee, then falling prostrate on the ground, his 
career as a soldier was ended. So great was the shock that 
for a moment the energies of the regiment were paralyzed, 
and a tear was in almost every eye. The Colonel, in order 
to break the spell, cried out : "Officers and soldiers of the 
Sixty-Ninth, your gallant Major has fallen, no better man or 
braver soldier ever fell on the field of battle. Let each of us 
raise the right hand and swear to avenge his death." In an 
instant every hand was raised, and then the roar of musketry 
and the advancing column announced that the pledge was 
being gloriously redeemed. The fallen brave was carried to 
the rear of his comrades, as all supposed, in a dying condi- 
tion. When told by Lieutenant Colonel Perry that his 
wound was mortal, he threw his arms around the Lieutenant 
Colonel's neck, and said : " Perry, we've lived together as 
brothers ; tell my friends I fell by the old flag." 

" To the surprise and joy of all, his robust constitution and 
determined spirit buoyed him up and held death at bay, and 
for days he lingered in a hospital, with no comforts, save such 
as the soldier has on the field of battle, and the constant care 



174 REOTMENTAL HISTORY. 

of his sorrowing comrades. But our hearts were cheered 
with tlie tidings tliat Ins friends had come for him and taken 
liim home. How pl6asing tiie thought tliat our friend and 
brother sohlicr lived to get home. And wiiat a dear iiomc 
he had. The onlv son of an aged and honorable father, 
whose pride was centered in his noble, promising boj. The 
idol of an aflfectionate mother, and the adored brother of 
kind sisters. Everything that skill and love could do was 
done to save the life of the brave soldier, but all failed. 

Anxiously his comrades in this far-oft' land of the rebellion 
waited for tidings concerning their Alajor. For months their 
hearts were cheered with the information that he would 
surely recover, and be with them again; then their hopes 
were clouded with the news that he was gradually sinking." 

In a few days tidings of his death reached the camp of the 
Sixty-Xinth. The regiment mourned his loss. 

LIEUTENANT HENRY ST^ATTON, 

Was born at Mount Holly, Burlington county, Xew Jersey, 
on the seventh of November, 183G. In 1856 he moved to 
Salem, Ohio, and a short time afterwards to Richmond, Indi- 
ana. Here he followed his business of painter, and gained 
many friends by his generous and manly bearing. In IsTo- 
vember, 1861, he enlisted as a private in Company B, Six- 
teenth Indiana, and was discharged by reason of expiration 
of term of service, in May, 1862. Xot wishing to remain at 
home while his country called for men, he again enlisted, on 
the sixth of August, 1862, in the Sixty-Xinth Indiana. Soon 
after he enlisted, he was promoted to Sergeant of Company 
E. In Xovember, 1862, he was commissioned Second Lieu- 
tenant. While gallantly leading his company at the battle 
of Richmond, Kentucky, he received a flesh wound, which, 
however, did not prevent him from remaining on the field. 
Soon afterwards he was taken prisoner and paroled. Rejoining 
the regiment, he participated in seven battles, and, while 
fighting before Vicksburg, on the twent^'-second of May, 1863, 
he fell, mortally wounded. On the next day he died in the 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 175 

general hospital. He lived an exemplary life, and died, as 
a soldier should die, conscious of having done his duty. 

SIXTY-SEVENTH REGIMENT. 

This regiment was recruited in the Third Congressional 
District, in 1862. It rendezvoused and was organized at 
Madison. On the twentieth of August it was mustered into 
the service of the United States. The following was its 
roster : 

Field and Staff Officers. — Colonel, Frank Emerson ; Lieu- 
tenant Colonel, Theodore E. Buchler; Major, Augustus H. 
Abbett; Adjutant, George W. Kichardson ; Regimental 
Quarter Master, Joseph B. IsTewcomb ; Surgeon, James W. 
F. Gerrish; Assistant Surgeon, Samuel II. Ruriden; Assist- 
ant Surgeon, James Dodd. 

Com'pany A. — Captain, Francis Sears; First Lieutenant, 
George "W. Rahm ; Second Lieutenant, Leander P. Leonard. 

Com'pany B. — Captain, Samuel Denny; First Lieutenant, 
William R. Carlton; Second Lieutenant, John Campbell. 

Company C. — Captain, Simeon II. Crane ; First Lieuten- 
ant, William T. Days ; Second Lieutenant, Thomas E. Mc- 
Lelland. 

Company D. — Captain, George R. Sims ; First Lieutenant 
Benjamin L. Smith ; Second Lieutenant, Horace L. Brown. 

Company E. — Captain, Byford E. Long; First Lieutenant, 
James B. Stillwell ; Second Lieutenant, Andrew J. Hamilton. 

Company F. — Captain, William C. Hall; First Lieutenant, 
James W. Owen ; Second Lieutenant, Charles D. Prow. 

Company G. — Captain, jSTelson Crabb ; First Lieutenant, 
Stephen Story; Second Lieutenant, George F, Poison. 

Company H. — Captain, David Kelley; First Lieutenant, 
Allen C. Burton; Second Lieutenant, Wiley G. Burton. 

Company I. — Captain, Shepherd F. Eaton ; First Lieuten- 
ant, George W. Friedly; Second Lieutenant, William H. 
Aiken. 

Company K. — Captain, Ralph Applewhite; First Lieu- 
tenant, Stephen Bowers ; Second Lieutenant, Tazwell Vawter. 

On the twenty-third it embarked on steamboats, and, on 



176 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

arriving at Louisville, inarched tiiroiigh the streets of that 
city, iinJ camped near tlie Louisville and Nashville depot. 
Kentucky was, at that time, threatened by the advancing 
columns of the rcl)ols under Bragg and Kirby Smith. Hence 
no time was lost in preparing to repel the invasion. All the 
new troops from the States north of the Ohio were hurried 
forward to meet the veterans of the rebel army, with the 
hope of holding them in check until the arrival of the Army 
of the Ohio. 

On the twenty-seventh the regiment took cars on the 
Louisville and Nashville road, and, on reaching Munfordsville, 
on Green river, reported to Brigadier General Ward, and 
were sent into camp in the works on the bluff, commanding 
the approaches from the south, and defending an important 
railroad bridge, which crosses the river at that point. 

In a few days General AVard was relieved, and Colonel 
John T. Wilder, of the Seventeenth Indiana, assumed com- 
mand of the troops at Munfordsville. The Colonel was on 
his w^ay to his command with recruits, but the railroad, hav- 
ing been destroyed by John Morgan, below Munfordsville, 
rendered a halt necessary. The troops were at once put to 
work on the redoubts and breastworks, and preparations 
were made to receive the expected columns of Bragg. 

On the thirteenth of September, a Lieutenant Colonel of 
Scott's rebel cavalry, approached our pickets, under a flag of 
truce, bearing a peremptory demand for the surrender of the 
Federal forces " to avoid the useless effusion of blood," signed 
b}- Major General Chalmers, commanding the advance of 
Bragg's arm3\' This was the first intimation our forces had 
of the presence of the enemy in force. Colonel Wilder re- 
plied that " if the Confederate commander wished to avoid 
the effusion of blood he had better keep out of reach of his 
guns." 

Our forces numbered two thousand eight hundred men, 
which were disposed of as follows : Four companies of the 
Sixty-Seventh, under command of Major Abbett, were placed 
in the redoubt on the hill, to the left of the railroad ; the re- 
mainder of the Sixty-Seventh was formed behind breastworks 
runniuii' from the redoubt across the railroad, and connect- 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 177 

ing, on the right of the railroad, with the Eighty-Ninth In- 
diana — Colonel Murray's — two companies of the Fourth 
Regulars, two companies of the Seventy-Fourth Indiana, two 
companies of recruits for the Seventeenth Indiana, and one 
company of recruits for the Fifty-First and other Indiana 
regiments. Colonel Wilder, having thus disposed of his 
troops, ordered them to sleep on their arms, in line of battle, 
behind the breastworks, strong picket lines being thrown to 
the front. All was quiet during the night. No picket fired; 
no enemy appeared. 

The first, gray light of early dawn, of September four- 
teenth, was ushered in by the roar of artillery. A signal gun 
first broke the silence, and then the continuous roar of rebel 
batteries filled the air. Under cover of this fire, a rebel di- 
vision advanced and opened with musketry. The rebel line 
took position in a heavy wood, directly in the Federal front, 
aflbrding much protection. The rebel batteries poured in 
shot iind shell — the strange, unearthly scream of the shell 
resounded through the air. 

Soon the enemy approached from the woods in three lines 
of battle, and, dashing for our works, with yells and shouts, 
charged our breastworks. He was met by a volley, terrible 
and destructive, which caused his broken columns to reel and 
fall back to the protecting woods. Re-forming his broken 
lines the enemy again charged, the rebel officers urging on 
the gray clad mass. Again, from redoubt and breastwork of 
the Union lines, roared forth artillery and musketry, deple- 
ting his ranks and rolling back his disorganized battalions. 
A third charge was made. The rebel line advanced steadily 
until within one hundred yards of our line; then, they, with 
furious yells, on double quick, rushed upon us. From be- 
hind our breastworks burst a sheet of flame, and destruction 
and death spread through the ranks of the daring foe. Rais- 
ing their hands, as if deprecating further assault, the gray 
mass surged back, and sought refuge in the protecting forest. 
So complete was the rebel defeat on the first day, that he left 
his killed and wounded on the field. A section of the Thir- 
teenth Indiana battery, commanded by Lieutenant G. A. 
Mason, replied to the fire of the rebel artillery, doing excel- 
VoL. II.— 12. 



178 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

lent service, and dismounting a rebel gun at the first fire. 
Victory crowned the first battle in which the Sixty-Seveuth 
took part. But the lionor was purchased dearly. Here fell 
that brave and deliberate soldier, Major Abbett. During the 
third charge of the enemy, one Texas and two Mississippi 
regiments, with frantic yells, had nearly gained our works; 
then Major Abbett sprang upon the parapet, and, waving 
his sword, called, in a clear voice, on his men to stand fast 
and repel the foe. Ilis clarion voice had hardly died on the 
air, when he was pierced in the heart by a rebel bullet, and, 
with words of cheer on his lips, he fell in the moment of 
victory. The line of Union troops poured forth their deadly 
fire, and avenged his death. Tiie regiment lost eleven killed 
and twenty-six wounded. The Fiftieth Indiana, Colonel 
Dunham, arrived at the close of the battle, and was at once 
placed on the picket line. Soon the enemy sent in a flag of 
truce, asking permission to remove his dead and wounded. 
The request was granted, and the rest of the daj^ occupied 
by both parties in burying the dead and caring for the 
wounded. 

The next day no attack was made by the enemy. He was 
evidently waiting for reinforcements. The rebel pickets could 
be seen in the woods, but did not molest our advance line. 
On the sixteenth Bragg's army joined his advance, and, swing- 
ing round, encircled the Federal works. The rebel batteries 
were planted upon hills, commanding the position. The 
Fiftieth Indiana became engaged in a sharp skirmish, losing 
Lieutenant Caswell II. Burton, mortally wounded. A flag 
of truce from the enemy entered camp, demanding a surren- 
der, stating that it would be madness to resist the overwhelm- 
ing force surrounding our position. Colonel Wilder refused, 
unless granted permission to inspect the rebel lines. This 
was acceded to, and, satisfying himself that further resistance 
would only sacrifice his troops, without benefitting the Union 
cause, agreed to capitulate, his troops to bo at once paroled 
and sent through the Federal lines to Bowling Green, and the 
officers to retain their side arms. 

On the morning of the seventeenth Colonel Wilder marched 
out liis command. They were at once paroled and started 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 179 

for Buell's lines. Before the paroling was complete, skirm- 
ishing began between Buell's advance and the rear of Bragg'e 
army. A forward movement on the part of Buell would 
have saved the command and defeated Bragg. But Buell 
made no effort to assist us, and the troops, afterwards, 
lost confidence in him as a General. The Sixty-Seventh 
marched to Bowling Green; thence to the Ohio river; 
reached Indianapolis on the thirteenth of October, and were 
furloughed for twenty-seven days. On the twenty-seventh, 
the Sixty-Seventh reassembled at Camp Morton, Indianapolis. 
Until December fourth the regiment was engaged in drill. 
Captain Francis Sears, of Company A, was promoted to the 
Majority, to fill the vacancy occasioned by the death of the 
lamented Major Abbett. 

On December fifth, the regiment left camp and proceeded 
by rail to Cairo ; thence by steamboat, to Memphis, arriving 
there on the tenth. On landing, it marched though the city, 
and camped two miles from its suburbs. It was soon brigaded 
with the Sixteenth and Sixtieth Indiana, Eighty-Third and 
Kinety-Sixth Ohio, and Twenty-Third AVisconsin, under com- 
mand of Brigadier General Burbridge, and prepared for an 
active campaign. 

On the twentieth, the brigade embarked on steamers, and 
sailed to Milliken's Bend, arriving there on the twenty-fourth. 
It was at once ordered to make a raid on the Vicksburg and 
Shreveport railroad. This road was used by the rebel army 
at Yicksburg for the purpose of procuring supplies and rein- 
forcements from the Bed river country. On the twenty-fifth, 
the brigade marched rapidly through a rich parish, destroy- 
ing cotton and corn, and, reaching Dallas the same night, ef- 
fectually destroyed the railroad at that point. The next night 
it returned to the fleet, having made a march of sixty miles, 
without sleep, or necessary rest. It at once embarked on 
steamboats and accompanied the fleet up the Yazoo river. 
After sailing up that stream ten miles the brigade landed, 
marched in a southern direction about seven miles, and 
bivouacked on the night of the twenty-seventh in swampy 
woods. The army of General Sherman was encamped there, 
preparing for an assault on Chickasaw Bluffs. 



180 RKOIMENTAL IIISTOUY, 

On the twenty-eiglith, the Sixty-Seventh was awakened })y 
the roar of artillery. It was ordered to advance, and, march- 
ing half a mile, took position in line of battle on the right 
of the army. In its front was a deep bayou, running from 
the north-east to the south-west. Beyond tlie bayou, a range 
of high hills, known as Chickasaw Bluffs, loomed up. Nat- 
urally a strong position, the skill of the rebel engineers had 
rendered these blufts almost impregnable. From the earth- 
works on the summits frowned rebel batteries, supported by 
heavy lines of infantry. The battle liad already commenced 
when the regiment reached its position. The left wing of 
Sherman's army had crossed the bayou, and were assaulting the 
works. Desperately charging up the hills, the Union troops 
succeeded in carrying the outer line of the rebel works, at a 
fearful sacrifice, but were soon forced back by the severity' of 
the rebel tire. Three assaults were made, each of which was 
repulsed. General Burbridge's command— to which the Sixty- 
Seventh was attached — was not ordered to cross the bayou. 
It remained under fire of the rebel artillery, and engaged in 
sha-rp skirmishing. The assault on Chickasaw Bluffs was a 
useless sacrifice of life. The next day an artillery duel en- 
sued. Our army held position until January first, 1863, when 
it withdrew, embarked on transports under cover of night, 
and returned to Milliken's Bend. 

General McClernand, having superceded General Sherman, 
in command of the army, at once sailed for Arkansas Post, 
and, on the tenth of January, landed his forces six miles be- 
low the rebel works. The gunboats meanwhile had engaged 
the rebel batteries, and shot and shell were whizzing through 
the air. At night the bombardment ceased. The sound of 
axes were heard during the night. The rebels were strength- 
ening their works. 

The next morning the regiment took position in the line of 
battle near the center, within half a mile of the rebel works. 
The enemy could be seen repairing the damage inflicted on 
their works by the Union gunboats the day previous. All 
was quiet as our columns moved and took their respective 
positions in the line forming around the rebel stronghold. It 
was Sabbath. All thought it was to be a day of rest. Pres- 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 181 

ently one of our gunboats steamed up and opened fire on the 
rebel fort. The reply was instantaneous; from the frowning 
embrazures of the rebel fort burst forth fire and smoke, and 
shot and shell. Onr gunboats flashed their broadsides ; our 
batteries added their thunder ; while the infantry, gradually 
advancing, and pouring in volleys of musketry, waited for 
the order to assault the rebel works. 

While the battle was in progress, Colonel Emerson, of the 
Sixty-Seventh, was ordered, with his regiment, to the support 
of the right. Moving for two miles ou the double quick, the 
Sixty-Seventh reached the termination of a wood, and halted 
close to the rear of a line heavily engaged. The regiment 
being protected by a slight ravine, the volleys from the rebel 
infantry passed over their heads. The regiment was soon 
ordered to fix bayonets, and it moved to the front, under a 
galling fire of musketry and artillery. It was now within 
seventy-five yards of the rebel works, partially protected by 
fallen timber. Here, for two hours, the regiment returned 
the rebel fire. After four hours' hard fighting, the rebel 
General Chalmers surrendered Arkansas Post, with five 
thousand prisoners, and a large quantity of munitions of war. 
The Sixty-Seventh lost three killed and thirty-five wounded. 
Colonel Emerson, Captain iS'elson Crabb and Lieutenant 
Stephen Story were wounded in this fight. After the fort 
surrendered, the regiment moved into the works, and, for two 
days, were engaged in destroying the rebel fort, burying the 
dead and caring for the wounded. 

On the fourteenth, the Sixty-Seventh embarked on trans- 
ports, and sailed for the Mississippi river. That night a 
heavy snow fell. The men were exposed on the hurricane 
deck of the steamer, and suffered severely. After eleven 
days' confinement on the transport, the regiment was landed 
at Young's Point, and, marching five miles, to James' Point, 
went into camp. While stationed here, the men were em- 
ployed on the levee, and in digging in the mud on the unsuc- 
cessful canal. The command suffered much from sickness. 

On the fourteenth of February, the Sixty-Seventh em- 
barked on a steamboat, sailed up the Mississippi, and landed 
at Greenville, Arkansas, on the seventeenth. Next day 



182 UEfllMENTAL HISTORY 

marched to Smith's pl:iiit:\t"u)ii, nine miles, routod a party of 
rebels, captured supplies, and returned to the i)out. The 
regiment trailed up the river a short distance the next day, 
had a skirmish with guerrillas, and captured the " Ox bat- 
tery." It returned to camp at James' Point on the twenty- 
seventh. 

On the eleventii of March, the Sixty-Seventh marched to 
Milliken's Bend. On the fourteenth of April, it marched, 
with tlie Union army, across the bend, via Richmond, halt- 
ing for ten days at Roundeway bayou. Meanwhile our fleet 
had passed the rebel batteries at Vicksburg, and were pre- 
pared to ferry the Union army across the Mississippi. On 
the twenty-seventh the regiment marched four miles, and, on 
reaching the backwater — which extended two miles from the 
channel of the river and flooded the country — found the 
steamer Moderator. This boat had conveyed the regiment 
from Indiana, when it first took the field. The Sixty-Seventh 
at once embarked, sailed through the woods, and reached 
Perkin's landing on the twenty-seventh. 

Next day the regiment was placed on an old barge, floated 
down the river a few miles, and witnessed the bombardment 
of Grand Gulf. On the thirtieth the Sixty-Seventh crossed 
the Mississippi, and that night marched to Thompson's Hill, 
where the Union army was formed in line of battle. Next 
morning the regiment moved to support the advance — then 
heavily engaged — and, halting, formed in line of battle, as re- 
serves. General Hovey's division was being severely pressed 
by the rebels, and the brigade to which the Sixty-Seventh 
was attached, was ordered to his support. It at once ad- 
vanced, but, on reaching the hill, the rebels had fallen back. 

The country was admirably adapted for defensive warfare. 
Hill succeeded hill, and the rebels used them for lines of de- 
fense. Fresh Union troops were thrown forward, and, charg- 
ing, drove the enemy from the field. The battle at Thomp- 
son's Hill was an important victory. It gave General Grant 
a base from which to operate in the rear of Vicksburg. 

On the second of May, the Sixty-Seventh entered Port 
Gibson, and found it evacuated by the enemy. The same 
day it marched on the Black River Bridge road and went 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 183 

into camp. On the seventh it marched to Rocky Springs, 
where it remained until the tenth, then moved toward Jack- 
son. Then followed marches and counter-marches, during 
which the battles of Raymond and Jackson were fought. 

On the fifteenth, the regiment camped near Raymond. 
Next day, marching rapidly, it encountered the enemy. Cap- 
tain Kelley's company were thrown out as skirmishers, and 
had a sharp fight. The division was not ordered to advance 
until the rebels began to retreat. Hence the main line was 
not engaged. 

On the seventeenth, the regiment moved in pursuit of the 
enemy, and found him in force at Black River Bridge. It 
at once formed on the extreme left, and, the whole line 
charging, carried the rebel works, capturing a number of 
prisoners, etc. Next day it pursued the enemy to a point 
within three miles of Vicksburg. The next daj^ the regiment 
marched down the raih'oad, and, charging over hills, drove 
the enemy within three hundred yards of his works. Then it 
halted and took position behind a range of hills. The regi- 
ment remained here for fortj'^-seven days, strengthening its 
position, under an almost daily fire from the enemy. 

On the twenty-second of May, the regiment participated in 
the memorable assault on the rebel works encircling Vicks- 
burg. At an early hour, it moved from behind the hills, and 
joined in the charge. Under a heavy fire of musketry and 
artillery the regiment advanced, made numerous charges, re- 
turned the heavy fire of the rebel line and held an advanced 
position until eight o'clock at night. Its loss was six killed 
and forty-six wounded. * 

Vicksburg being impregnable to assault by the force under 
General Grant, it was decided to approach by parallels and 
starve out the enemy. This was accomplished, and the last 
rebel stronghold on the Mississippi surrendered to General 
Grant on the fourth of July. 

On the fifth, the regiment left Vicksburg, and marched for 
the Big Black river. Crossing that stream, it moved to 
Jackson ; arrived there on the ninth, and joined in the 
siege of that place. On the tenth, Company A, of the Sixty- 
Seventh, distinguished itself on the skirmish line. For 



184 REaiMENTAL HISTORY. 

several days skirmishing and fighting were continued, in 
which the regiment participated. 

Fighting by day, and digging by night, the Union army 
gradually approached the rebel works. On the morning of 
the seventeenth, it was ascertained that the rebels had evacu- 
ated Jackson. The Union army then entered and destroyed 
the principal portion of that town. 

The brigade, now under command of Colonel Owen, of the 
Sixtieth Indiana, moved in a few days for Vicksburg. The 
regiment went into camp below the city, and was ordered to 
rest. It had been under fire seventy-four days, and now 
numbered three hundred and forty-six men present for duty. 

At the expiration of a month, the regiment took steamers, 
and landed at Carrolton, six miles above New Orleans. Here 
it had excellent fare, and was allowed the privilege of visit- 
ing the city. The regiment, by its good conduct, made many- 
warm friends in New Orleans. 

On the third of October, it crossed the Mississippi to 
Algiers, took cars for Brashaer City, crossed Berwick bay, 
and went into camp on the evening of the fourth. Here 
it joined Franklin's Teche expedition. On the seventh 
it marched, via Iberia, through a beautiful country, abound- 
ing in orange groves and sugar plantations, and halted at 
night within ten miles of Opelousas, within sight of the rebel 
pickets. The regiment remained here four days, having fre- 
quent skirmishes with the enemy. Reinforcements having 
arrived, the Union army moved forward. Colonel Owen's 
brigade took the advance, driving the enemy through, and 
beyond Opelousas, to Barr landing. Here the regiment went 
into camp and remained until the first of November, when 
the army fell back and occupied the same position it had on 
the twentieth of October. 

Colonel Owen's brigade halted three miles from the main 
camps. General Burbridge then took command of this ad- 
vanced post. On the second of November the rebels made 
an attack but were repulsed. The next day the rebel Gen- 
eral Green made his appearance, with a superior force, and, 
after a sharp fight, captured nearly two-thirds of Colonel 
Owen's brigade. 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 185 

When the attack was made by General Green, the Sixty- 
Seventh was posted in the prairie, about a mile from the rest 
of their brigade. A brigade of rebel cavah-y charged the 
regiment. Soon the regiment was surrounded. Further re- 
sistance being useless, Lieutenant Colonel Buchler and one 
hundred and ninety men surrendered. Major Sears, with the 
remainder of the regiment, escaped during the melee. The 
regiment lost ten wounded. 

During the battle, General McGinnis reinforced the Union 
troops with his division, and, making a bold charge, routed 
the rebels. The Union army occupied the battle ground un- 
til the fifth. Then the army fell back, camping on Vermil- 
lion bayou. The troops then moved, by way of Franklin, 
reaching Berwick City on the tenth ; then crossed Berwick 
bay, and, on the thirteenth, reached Algiers by railroad. 

Colonel Emerson joined the Sixty-Seventh at Algiers, but, 
not having recovered from his wound, was detailed on the 
recuiting service in Indiana. Major Sears then assumed 
command. 

On the seventeenth, the regiment embarked on an ocean 
ste.amer, and, sailing down the Mississippi, into the Gulf of 
Mexico, landed at Pass Cavallo on the twentieth. This is a 
narrow peninsula, fifty miles long, dividing the Gulf of Mex- 
ico from Matagorda bay. The Sixt3'-Seventh went into camp 
on the twenty-first, on the peninsula. For a month it per- 
formed camp duty. On December thirty-first, moved up the 
peninsula. 

On the twentieth of January, made a reconnoissance of the 
rebel works at Matagorda City. Finding the works too strong 
for the small force at our disposal, the regiment, after a toil- 
some march of one hundred miles, through heavy sand, re- 
turned to camp. 

On the twenty-second of February it embarked for New 
Orleans. Arrived there on the twenty-fourth ; landed at Al- 
giers, and took cars for Brashaer City. Here it went into 
its old camp. 

General Banks was then engaged in preparing for the Red 
river expedition. The regiment joined the expedition, and, 
on the sixteenth of March, reached Franklin. Continuing the 



186 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

march through a pleasant and fertile country, passing through 
New Siberia, Vermillion and Opelonsas, it rested, on the 
twenty-first, in the beautiful village of Wasliington. Mean- 
while General A. J. Smith's command, assisted by Commo- 
dore Porter's gunboats, had defeated the enemy at Fort 
Dernsa, and captured Alexandria, which point the Sixty- 
Seventh reached on the twenty-sixth. Here it rested two 
days, when the march was resumed on the Natchitoches road. 
On the thirtieth, it arrived at Cane river, and bivouacked. 
Next morning, marched through Natchitoches, and halted 
a short distance beyond that town. 

On the sixth of April, the Fourth division, to which the 
Sixty-Seventh was attached, took the advance and marched 
ou the Mansfield road. Colonel Emerson was in command 
of the brigade. The column wound along a narrow road, 
through heavy pine woods — an immense wagon train imped- 
ing its progress — and halted at night at Pleasant Hill. 

The Union cavalry, under General A. L. Lee, had been 
skirmishing all day with the enemy, six miles in advance. 
The rebel force had thus far been held in check by General 
Lee, who now, being hardly pressed, and encumbered by a 
large train of wagons, bad sent for reinforcements. 

Next morning, at two o'clock, the brigade of Colonel Em- 
erson was ordered to advance and support the cavalry. Mak- 
ing a rapid march to the front, it joined, at sunrise, the 
mounted infantry regiment of Colonel Lucas, of the Sixteenth 
Indiana, which was dismounted, and sharply engaging the 
enemy. Colonel Emerson at once formed in line of battle, 
placing the Twenty-Third Wisconsin and the Sixty-Seventh 
Indiana in advance, and moved to the support of the Six- 
teenth Indiana. A spirited engagement ensued and the reb- 
els fell back, and were pursued for eight miles, the enemy 
making frequent stands, but always falling back on our ap- 
proach in force. His object was to decoy our troops into an 
unfavorable position. At noon the Union troops halted. A 
council of war was called by General Banks, when it was 
decided to camp the Thirteenth corps, and wait for the com- 
mands of Generals Franklin and Smith. Before this junc- 
tion was effected the rebels struck the fatal blow. 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 187 

At two o'clock, April eighth, the enemy approached in 
heavy force, through dense woods, and, suddenly falling on 
the Union cavalry, routed it, and captured the trains. Rap- 
idly advancing, he threw his columns upon the already con- 
fused Union infantry, ^vhose ranks had been disordered by 
the flying cavalry and demoralized teamsters. The battle at 
once raged fiercely. The Fourth division, one thousand 
eight hundred strong, were compelled to fight a large portion 
of the rebel army. For a short time, the Union troops fought 
with great desperation ; but, borne back by overwhelming 
numbers, the Union line gave way in terrible disorder, and, 
a panic-stricken mob, rushed for the narrow road in the for- 
est. Such was the situation, when the fl3'iDg mass encoun- 
tered General Cameron, with the Third division, Thirteenth 
army corps, judiciously posted in the edge of a wood, with an 
open plantation, three-fourths of a mile wide, in front. 
The fugitives quickly sought shelter behind his protecting 
columns. 

The rebels elated w'ith success, rushed, with closely massed 
columns, over the field. With yells of triumph, on surged 
the rebel foe. Suddenly rising from behind logs and fences, 
the Third divison poured a terrible volley into the ranks 
of the enemy. Halting for a brief time, and, re-forming, 
the rebel columns again charged, and swept back the Third 
division. This completed the defeat of the Thirteenth 
corps, and the mass of fugitives fled for four miles, the 
enemy pursuing rapidly until the Nineteenth corps was 
encountered. A desperate struggle ensued ; the enemy was 
checked. Night ended the battle, and the terrible disasters 
of that day. Our forces fell back to Pleasant Hill during 
the night. 

The Sixty-Seventh, which only numbered one hundred 
men for duty, lost heavily, and the gallant Colonel Emerson, 
while leading his command, fell, wounded. 

The Thirteenth corps, with its shattered columns, were 
started next morning, wnth the trains for Grand Ecore. Gen- 
eral A. J. Smith, with his command, met the retreating 
Union army on the ninth, at Pleasant Hill, and most hand- 
somely defeated the enemy, thus saving the army of General 



188 llEOIMENTAL HISTORY. 

Banks, and covering irunsclf and his conmiand witli honors. 
Immediately after the fight at Pleasant Hill, the army fell 
back to Grand Ecore. Having fortified this position, the 
army remained there until the twenty-fifth. On leaving 
Grand Ecore, the rebel force pursued, but were kept at bay 
by the command of General A. J. Smith. 

The advance of the Union army met with no resistance 
until it reached Cane river. Here the enemy was found, 
strongly posted on a bluft', prepared to dispute the crossing. 
The Union advance crossed and a charge was ordered. The 
Sixty-Seventh was in the charging column, and, scaling the 
bluff, under a severe fire from the enemy, routed him. The 
road to Alexandria being now open, the column pushed for- 
ward and reached that place on the night of the twenty-fifth. 
Kere it was reinforced by the First division of the Thirteenth 
corps. While at Alexandria, the enemy's forces were con- 
stantly manucvering. Meantime there was great excitement 
concerning the fleet, which, in consequence of low water, 
was unable to cross the bar. Science and industry were bet- 
ter than generalship, and, on the thirteenth of May, the glad 
new^s Avas received that the fleet was saved. 

On the fourteenth, the Union army left Alexandria, and 
proceeding, by easy marches, reached Atchafalaya bayou on 
the seventeenth. Halting to build a bridge, the rebel Gen- 
eral Dick Taylor, with ten tViousand men, made an assault, 
but was handsomely defeated by General Mower, with two 
brigades. This was a desperate battle, and Mower's division 
covered itself with glory. On the twentieth the army crossed 
the river on a pontoon built of steamboats, and reached the 
Mississippi on the evening of the twenty-first of May. On 
the twenty-eighth it reached Baton llonge on steamboats, 
and went into camp. Here the regiment was joined by the 
prisoners who had been paroled, aud also by many who had 
recently recovered from sickness in the hospitals. Major 
Sears was the only field ofiicer present. 

A force was now being organized under General Granger, 
to operate by land in conjunction with Admiral Farragut's 
fleet, against Forts Morgan and Gaines, at the entrance of 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 189 

Mobile bay. The Sixty-Seventh was selected to join this 
expedition. 

On the twentieth of July, the regiment embarked on steam- 
ers, and sailed for Algiers. Landing there, it exchanged its 
Enfield for improved Springfield rifles. On the second of 
August, it embarked on a steamboat, and, sailing down the 
Mississippi, entered the Gulf of Mexico, and landed on 
Dauphin Island on the fourth. It at once moved into posi- 
tion in range of Fort Gaines. The Sixty-Seventh, with four 
other regiments, composed the land forces. Siege was at 
once laid to the fort, and approaches made by parallels. 
On the fifth the fleet ran past the fort, and cast anchor in 
Mobile bay. A desperate naval combat ensued, resulting in 
the defeat of the rebel fleet. On the sixth, the bombard- 
ment of Fort Gaines began, and was continued with vigor 
from land batteries and gunboats. The infantry took an 
active part in the attack. On the eighth, the rebels sur- 
rendered Fort Gaines. The brigade to which the Sixty- 
Seventh was attached, at once moved up, and received the 
arms of fifty-six officers and eight hundred and eighteen 
men of the rebel infantry. 

The next day the brigade eflected a landing in the rear of 
Fort Morgan. Here it was reinforced by another brigade. 
The combined forces at once laid siege to the fort. The be- 
sieging troops worked day and night, throwing up works and 
planting siege guns. 

Four batteries of the First Indiana heavy artillery did ef- 
fective service. The gunboats fired incessantly on the fort. 
Our lines approached so closely to the enemy that our sharp- 
shooters picked oft" the rebel gunners. On the twenty-second 
a furious bombardment opened, and continued, without inter- 
mission, until the twenty-fourth, when the rebel General 
Paige surrendered the fort, garrison, guns, and equipments. 

On the twenty-fifth, the regiment embarked on gunboat 
number Forty-Eight, and was landed at Cedar Point, on the 
Mobile side of the bay, for the purpose of feeling the enemy 
and exploring the country. N^o enemy was found. It was 
not deemed advisable to approach too near Mobile, and the 
regiment returned and went into camp near Fort Morgan. 



190 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 149 

Here it romiiiried until tiic cleventli of September, when it 
embarked and sailed for the Mississippi river. Resbipping 
at New Orleans, on a river steamboat, it sailed up the Missis- 
sippi, and landed at Morganza Bend, where it remained sev- 
eral months, and was occupied in expeditions from that point 
to the interior, and also in guarding the navigation of the 
river. Here its history as an independent organization ends. 

CONSOLIDATION. 

In December, 1864, the Sixty-Seventh was consolidated 
with the Twenty-Fourth Indiana Veterans, constituting the 
left wing of that regiment. In the muster out, Major Sears 
was appointed Lieutenant Colonel, and Captain David Kelly, 
Major. Colonel Spieely, of the Twenty-Fourth, took com- 
mand of a brigade. Thus leaving the Twenty-Fourth, under 
Command of Lieutenant Colonel Sears and Major Kelley. 

During the latter part of December, the regiment shipped 
for Dauphin Island, and soon afterwards reached Barancas, 
Florida. Here the command remained two months, drilling 
and preparing for the spring campaign. 

On the twentieth of March, 1865, the regiment marched, 
with General Steele's columns, from Pensacola, and moved 
through "West Florida and Southern Alabama. General 
Steele threatened Selma and Montgomery. Striking the 
railroad at Pollard, he effectually destroyed it, then, suddenly 
turning, he marched rapidly to the Tensas river, atStockvvell, 
fifteen miles above Blakely. 

On the second of April, the regiment appeared before 
Blakely, and took an active part in the siege and reduction 
of that place. On the ninth was conspicuous in the assault, 
resulting in the capture of Blakely, in which the regiment 
sustained a heavy loss. Mobile at once surrendered. 

The regiment remained at Stark's Landing until the tv?-en- 
tieth of April, when it embarked on a steamer and sailed up 
the Alabama river to Selma. Here the Twenty-Fourth heard 
the first news of peace. In two weeks, the regiment returned 
to Mobile, where it heard that the troops of 1862 were to be 
mustered out. The regiment, soon afterwards, sailed for 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 191 

Galveston, Texas, and remained there but a short time. Then 
they bid farewell to the veterans of the Twenty-Fourth, and, 
with glad hearts, sailed for home. 

They reached Indianapolis early in August, were received 
with due honors, mustered out, and, with joyful hearts, re- 
turned to their homes. 

THIRTY-FIRST REGIMENT. 

This regiment was recruited in the Seventh Congressional 
District. The diflerent companies were ordered by Governor 
Morton to rendezvous at Terre Haute, on the twentieth of 
August, 1861. It reached its maximum September twentieth, 
was duly organized, and mustered into the service of the 
United States by Lieutenant Colonel T. J. "Wood, U. S. A. 
Its officers were as follows : 

Field and Staff Officers. — Colonel, Charles Cruft ; Lieuten- 
ant Colonel, John Osborn; Major, Frederick Arn ; Adjutant, 
Clifford W. Ross ; Regimental Quarter Master, Levi Wood ; 
Surgeon, James B.Armstrong; Assistant Surgeon, "William 
C. Hendricks; Assistant Surgeon, James W. Morgan ; Chap- 
lain, Hiram Gilmore. » 

Compaiiy A. — Captain, Frederick Arn ; First Lieutenant, 
"William H. Beadle ; Second Lieutenant, Richard M. Water- 
man. 

Company B. — Captain, Isaac IsT. Winaus; First Lieuten- 
ant, Allen T. Rose ; Second Lieutenant, Francis M. Pickens. 

Company C. — Captain, Jeremiah Mewhinuey; First Lieu- 
tenant, Harlan P. Hawkins ; Second Lieutenant, Joseph F. 
Morris, 

Company D. — Captain, James A. Walls; First Lieutenant, 
Francis L. 'Eq&; Second Lieutenant, Craven Reed. 

Com,pany E. — Captain, John S. Welsh ; First Lieutenant, 
William H. Fairbanks ; Second Lieutenant, Francis Brooks. 

Comjpany F. — Captain, William B. Squire ; First Lieuten- 
ant, John T. Smith ; Second Lieutenant, William Thompson. 

Company G. — Captain, Henry L. McCalla ; First Lieuten- 
anty Silas Grimes ; Second Lieutenant, William C. Barry. 



192 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

Compavy II. — Captain, John Beatj ; First Lieutenant, 
Noah Brown ; Second Lieutenant, Francis M. Ilatfleld. 

Company I. — Captain, George Harvey; First Lieutenant, 
William M. Gugger; Second Lieutenant, James K. Ilallo- 
well. 

Company K. — Captain, Charles M. Smith; First Lieuten- 
ant^ James Hamilton ; Second Lieutenant, Robert Woodal. 

During its rendezvous at Camp Vigo, the regiment was in- 
dustriously engaged in the various drills which were neces- 
sary to prepare the men for active service. It was the aim 
and ambition of officers and men to excel in the various evo- 
lutions, and to be fully prepared for any work or position 
to which they might be called. The members of the regi- 
ment here began to learn how to adapt themselves to camp 
life, and to perform many duties besides those which were 
strictly military, and it was amusing to see them display their 
ingenuity or awkwardness in their mechanical and other 
duties. 

The amusements of the camp were various as the dispo- 
sitions of the men. Hence, cards, quoits, checkers, hopping, 
sinsincf, dancinsr — all found their votaries. The more sedate 
and religious employed many of their leisure hours in read- 
ing, and in devotional exercises. There was preaching in 
camp every Sabbath, which was well attended, both by sol- 
diers and citizens. The Rev. Hiram Gilmore, Chaplain of 
the regiment, procured of Rev. W. Terrel, Agent of the 
American Bible Society, testaments to supply each member 
of the regiment. These were thankfully received, with the 
promise that they would be read. 

So soon as the regiment was organized and mustered, the 
men manifested a disposition for more active duty, and the 
order to strike tents and leave for the South was received 
with cheers. 

On the twenty-first a detachment of five companies was 
ordered to Evansville, Indiana, where they were furnished 
with arms and ammunition. They then advanced to Lock 
number one, on Green river, Kentucky, towards which the 
enemy was reported advancing. A portion of this detach- 
ment made several reconnoissances up Green river, to Cal- 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 193 

houn. Meantime fortifications were thrown up at Spottsville, 
for the purpose of defending the Lock against guerrilla raids. 
On the sixth of October, the entire regiment was ordered 
to Henderson, Kentucky, where it remained until the first of 
November. Here it was supposed the enemy would make 
an attack, and the greatest vigilance was observed by ofiicers 
and men in order to prevent surprise. Numbers of promin- 
ent citizens of Henderson were sympathizers with the rebel 
cause, but prudence dictated a quiet policy on their part. 
Such was the discipline of the men, that once, on a night 
alarm, the regiment was formed in line of battle in the short 
space of six minutes. 

The regiment, while at Henderson, lost two men by death. 
An elegant regimental banner was presented to the Thirty- 
First by the ladies of Terre Haute, while the regiment was 
stationed at this point. It was presented, on their behalf, by 
Rev. L. Abbot, in a neat speech. Colonel Cruft replied in a 
brief, soldier-like manner. 

On the first of November, the regiment was ordered back 
to Calhoun, by General Crittenden, who commanded the 
brigade to which the regiment was attached. The command 
suflered much at Calhoun, the weather being inclement, and 
the men without overcoats, rubber blankets, or sufficient 
clothing. The result was that much sickness ensued, and 
eighty-four men died, including Captain John T. Welsh, 
Company E. His well developed intellect, gentlemanly man- 
ner, military talents, and high moral integrity, secured the 
respect of all. His loss was sincerel}' lamented. 

The moral condition of the regiment, at this time, will be 
understood by the following official report: 

Camp Calhoun, Kentucky, December 2d, 1861. 
Colonel Charles Cruft, 

Sir: — In accordance with the requisitions of the U. S. A. 
Regulations, I transmit to you my report on the moral con- 
dition of the officers and privates of the Thirty-First regi- 
ment of Indiana Volunteers, which you have the honor to 
command. And, permit me to say, that I have been highly 
gratified with the high moral tone exhibited throughout the 
Vol. II.— 13. 



194 REGIMENTAL llISToUY. 

regiment since my coiinuctiun witli it. Thci'c are a few ex- 
ceptions, of course,' among both otHccrs and privates; l>ut 
this will always be tlic case, wliere men are cullected from 
various grades of society, and different localities. Yet, 
wherever we have encamped, and among citizens who have 
visited us, our regiment has been proverbial for its honesty, 
temperance, and gentlemanly bearing ; and we ardently hope 
that we will never forfeit our good name we have thus se- 
cured. And, I will only add, that in my labors, and inter- 
course with the regiment, I have met with universal respect 
and kindness. 

I have the honor to be, yours, with respect, 

IIlRAM GiLLMORE, 

Chajplain Thirty-First Indiana Volunteers. 
Colonel C. Cruft, 

Commanding Thirty-First Regiment I. F., U. S. A. 

B}' the thirty-first of December, camp equipage, clothing, 
arms, etc., were supplied to the regiment, and the men pre- 
pared for active service. 

Ou the fifteenth of January, 1862, the regiment was or- 
dered to South Carrolton, Kentucky, where it remained two 
weeks, engaged in fortifications, and returned to Calhoun on 
the thirty-first. It left Calhoun, on a steamboat, on the ninth 
of February, and reached Paducah the next night. On the 
following morning, it left for Fort Henry; but returned to 
Paducah the same day, the fort having been captured by the 
Union forces. 

N"ext day the regiment left for Fort Donelson, arriving 
there on the morning of the fourteentli; disembarked four 
miles below the fort, and, in the evening, marched up within 
six hundred yards of the rebel works, opposite the town of 
Dover. Here it received orders to stack arms and to build 
small camp fires. During the night snow fell two inches in 
depth, and, as the men had left behind their knapsacks, hav- 
ersacks and blankets, an uncomfortable night was passed. 

On the fifteenth, at eight a. m., the brigade was ordered to sup- 
port Captain Dresser's battery, on the right. When it arrived 
at the battery, an ofiicer informed Colonel Shackleford, of the 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. x 196 

Tweiitj'-Fifth Kentucky, that the brigade must advance still 
further. On moving forward, a large force of the rebels was 
discovered, in the brush, only thirty yards distant. This 
force opened on our lines a destructive fire. The Twentj-- 
Fifth Kentucky fell back in confusion; but the officers of the 
Thirty-First succeeded in withdrawing their men to the pro- 
tection of an adjacent hill. This movement separated the 
regiment from the rest of the brigade. The Thirty-First 
soon rallied, and awaited the approach of the enemy, two 
hundred yards from their first position. Here the regiment 
fired several rounds, killing and wounding several of the 
enemy. The Thirty-First, being flanked, retreated two hun- 
dred yards, halted, and awaited another attack. The enemy 
approaching in overwhelming force, Colonel Cruft, who had 
just ordered the regiment to prepare for a charge, withdrew 
his command to a wood, having an open field between it 
and the foe, and there rested until reinforced by the Eleventh 
Indiana, Eighth Missouri, and a portion of the Seventeenth 
Kentucky. 

The Thirty-First then advanced, and soon discovered the 
enemy. The Eleventh Indiana was ordered to the left of the 
Eighth Missouri, then hotly engaged, and the Eleventh was 
supported by the Thirty-First, which was formed ten yards 
in rear of the Eleventh. The Eighth Missouri gave back. 
The Eleventh and Thirty-First were ordered to charge, 
which was instantly executed, with such energy that the rebel 
force hastily retreated, our forces pursuing until they reached 
open ground, about four hundred yards from the enemy's 
works. At this point a rebel battery of five guns, one of 
which was a twenty-four pounder, poured grape, canister, 
solid shot and shell among our men, and our force withdrew 
under cover of a hill. Night approaching, the regiment was 
ordered to rest on its arms. The night being cold, and a gen- 
eral assault on the enemy's works being expected in the morn- 
ing, the men had but little rest. The loss of the regiment 
was ten killed, fifty wounded and three missing. 

On the morning of the sixteenth the Thirty-First formed 
in line of battle, and thousands of troops were moving into 
position, when Gen. Lew. Wallace approached and announced 



196 , REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

that Fort Donclson liad suiTi'iidered. A i^lad and victorious 
shout arose fVom the I'nion forces, and tlioy at once marched 
into the enemy's works. 

Oil the seventeenth the regiment was ordered to march 
across the country to Fort Ileury. It remained at that point 
until the seventh of March, when it moved five miles up the 
river, and embarked for Pittsburg Landing, arriving there on 
the fifteenth. The regiment at once disembarked, and being 
the first Union troops to land, was placed on picket. 

On Sunday, the sixth of April, at half-past nine, a. m., 
the regiment went into action with only three hundred 
and eighty men, and fought, with but little intermission, 
until four p. m., when it was forced to retire, which it did, 
however, in good order. The battle raged with great fury, 
and in one position the Thirty-First averaged forty rounds to 
the man. No spot on the battle-field showed stronger marks 
of hard fighting than that occupied by the Thirty-First. The 
next morning the battle was renewed, and the regiment or- 
dered to the front line, where it soon engaged the enemy, and 
continued in action until the struggle terminated in victory. 
In this battle the regiment lost twenty killed and one hundred 
and seven wounded. Here Major F. Arn, and Captain Geo. 
Harvey fell. They were much esteemed, and were bold, cour- 
ageous and efficient officers. 

Col. Cruft received a severe wound, to which he paid no 
attention, and remained for eleven hours afterward on active 
duty with his regiment. 

Adjutant Ross, Lieutenants Rose and Scott were also se- 
verely wounded. 

The regiment, on the second of May, left Shiloh for Cor- 
inth, where it engaged in two days' hard skirmishing with 
the enemy. After the evacuation of Corinth, the regiment 
was ordered on a forced march in pursuit of Beauregard. 
Passing through Boonville, luka, and Jacinto, Mississippi, 
and then, in rapid succession, through Eastport, Tuscumbia 
and Florence, Alabama, the regiment went into camp near 
Athens, on the first of July. 

On the tenth it left for Reynold's Station, where it remained 
eighteen days; then took the cars for Gallatin, Tennessee. 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 107 

After four days' rest, it returned to Murfreesboro', and tlience 
marched to McMinnville, where it remained in camp seven- 
teen days. Col. Cruft having been promoted Brigadier Gen- 
eral, Lieut Col. Osborn assumed command. The regiment 
destroyed the baggage, guns and provisions which they cap- 
tured from the rebels, and marched fourteen miles in the di- 
rection of Altamont, then returned to McMinnville, where it 
remained four days. 

On the second of September it commenced a long and fa- 
tiguing march to Louisville, Kentucky, passing through 
Woodbury, Murfreesboro', Xashville, Nicholasville, Glasgow, 
Munfordsville, Elizabethtown and West Point. In order to 
recruit the men, after this circuitous march, the regiment re- 
mained at Louisville a few^ days, and then advanced with the 
army in pursuit of Bragg. 

The Thirty-First was engaged in skirmishing in the vicin- 
ity of Perrysville, but took no part in that bloody battle. It 
marched in pursuit of the foe, passing through Stanford, 
Crab Orchard, and Wild Cat. 

Chaplain Gillmore was detailed for hospital service at Dan- 
ville, and remained there three months, comforting the sick 
and caring for the wounded. Here the Chaplain found a 
truly loyal man — John Zimmerman — known in all the neigh- 
borhood as "Uncle Jack." His wife, "Aunt Pat," w^as an 
amiable, intelligent, christian woman, and a devoted friend of 
the Union soldiers. When the Federal advance was driving 
the rebels through the town, "Uncle Jack" rushed from his 
house exclaiming "give it to them, boys! and then come 
back and get your dinner." Many of the soldiers of the 
Thirty-First remembered the invitation and fared sumptu- 
ously at the table of "Uncle Jack." 

The reo-iment crossed Rockcastle river on the seventeenth 

o 

of October, passed up the Wild Cat Mountain, and found the 
road obstructed with fallen timber. On the next day it cap- 
tured the enemy's outposts, and at ]!Telson's cross-roads sur- 
prized the rebels, and took several prisoners. 

On the nineteenth scouting parties w^ere sent out from the 
brigade, wdio returned with two hundred beef cattle, a num- 
ber of mules, and one hundred prisoners. The next day the 



198 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

regiment niarclioJ fourteon miles towards Cunibcrliind I'ass, 
but, finding no oncni}', returned to Nelson's cross-roads. 
From thence the march was to Goose creek salt works, which, 
together with thirty thousand bushels of salt, were destroyed 
by order of General Buell, on the twenty-third. The next 
day the regiment marched seventeen miles in the direction of 
Mount Yernon, reaching Eockcastle river on the twenty-fifth. 
The following day marched through snow four inches deep. 
Many of the men were without blankets or shoes, and suf- 
fered severely. After a march of eighteen miles they reached 
Somerset. From thence they marched fifty miles to Colum- 
bia, Kentuck}", where they pitched tents, and changed clothes 
for the first time since leaving IJowling Green. After a 
severe march, the regiment passed through Gallatin and 
reached Cumberland river. 

On the twelfth of November passed the junction of the 
Nashville and Lebanon pikes, and at eleven a. m., the next 
day arrived at Silver Springs. 

Here it remained in camp until tiie nineteenth. From this 
place the regiment marched to within four miles of Nash- 
ville, on the Murfreesboro' pike, having burned a bridge over 
Stone's river. It remained at this point, and was engaged in 
foraging, until the twenty-sixth of December. 

Then the Thirty-First Indiana and the First Kentucky had 
a heavy skirmish with the rebel cavalry and artillery at La- 
vergne."* These two regiments carried Stewart's creek, and 
drove the rebels before them. Halting for one day, they ad- 
vanced to within three and a half miles of Murfreesboro'. 

On the thirtieth, the regiment took position in line of bat- 
tle, and skirmished all day with the enemy's pickets. Early 
next morning the regiment was ordered to the front of a 
grove, and placed on the right, the Second Kentucky on the 
left. Ninetieth Ohio, and the First Kentucky in support. 

The following official report of Colonel Osborn gives an in- 
teresting and vivid description of the part taken in the battle 
of Stone's river by the regiment: 



regimental history. 199 

Headquarters Thirty-First Ind. Vols., 

Camp JSTear Murfreesboro', Tennessee, 
January 7, 1863. 

Captain Fairbanks, A. A. G. : I have the honor of sub- 
mitting to you the following report of the part this regiment 
took in the late action before Murfreesboro. On the morning 
of the twenty-sixth ult., when the United States forces were 
put in motion, our regiment was doing picket duty six miles 
south-east of ISTashville. Before the pickets could be called 
in, and the regiment in line of march, the brigade to which 
it belonged was some four miles in advance. The regiment 
had a fatiguing march through mud and rain, as it had to 
take the fields in order to pass other troops. 

At three p. m., we joined the brigade, one mile west of La- 
vergne. We were ordered to go in advance, the First Ken- 
tucky on the right, our regiment on the left, and the Second 
Kentucky and Ninetieth Ohio our support. "We were or- 
dered across a field to a wood on the left of the Murfreesboro' 
road, and shortly after taking our position the enemy com- 
menced throwing shells into the wood. We sent out Com- 
panies E and K, and deployed them as skirmishers in the ad- 
vance, and moved on the enemy in line. After advancing 
about one mile we came in range of the enemy's guns, when 
they opened on us with rifles and two pieces of artillery, 
which overreached our line. Our men rushed forward 
with a Hoosier yell, which caused the enemy to leave in great 
confusion. 

We remained in this position until dark, when we moved 
to the right and bivouacked for the night. Both oflicers and 
men conducted themselves with coolness and bravery, and 
without any loss. The next day we moved forward in line 
of battle, which was continued from day to day until the 
evening of December twenty-ninth. We arrived at nightfall 
within three miles of Murfreesboro'. Our brigade filed to the 
right of the Murfreesboro' pike a short distance, and biv- 
ouacked for the night. There was heavy skirmishing in our 
front during the night. Early next morning we were ordered 
to the front of the grove we occupied, which was promptly 
executed, our regiment on the right, the Second Kentucky 



200 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

Oil tiie left, the Ninetieth Ohio and First Kentucky support- 
ing our regiment. 

Upon arriving at this position, I was ordered by you to re- 
port to Coh)nel Sedgewick, of the Second Kentucky, who 
you informed me woukl command the front line. I was or- 
dered to deploy two companies in front of our line as skir- 
mishers, connecting witli a like corps from General Xegley's 
division on the right, and the Second Kentucky on the left, 
which was immediately done by sending out Companies C and 
E. Before our lines were established, the enemy opened ou 
us a brisk fire of shell and ball, Avhich continued all day, 
balls from the enemy's sharpshooters reaching our lines, but 
without any serious injury to our regiment. About four 
o'clock p. .M. we were ordered to advance, our line to 
support a battery, which was done. We remained in that 
position during the night. Companies A, B, C and II, reliev- 
ing alternately Companies C and E as skirmishers. 

Early on the morning of December thirty-tirst we were 
again ordered to move our line forward, which was done. 
Shortly after, our skirmishers were driven in by the enemy, 
our men reserving their fire until all their comrades had 
joined the line. At this time a heavy force of the enemy ap- 
peared in our t'vout in an open field, on a piece of elevated 
ground, when they opened a severe tire upon our lines, which 
was returned with steadiness b}" our men, and soon made them 
fall back. In a few moments they again returned to the crest 
of the field, and attempted to charge our line; but the steady 
nerves of our men, and their deadly aim, caused them again 
to fall back. 

Our men getting short of ammunition, the First Kentucky 
came to our aid, and passing by our line followed the enemy 
up into the field; but the heavy force of the enemy in front, 
and the regiment being exposed to a cross-fire from the en- 
emy's batteries, compelled it to full back with considerable 
loss. Our regiment, remaining in its former position, held 
fi.re until their Kentucky friends had passed to the rear, when 
they again, with the coolness of veterans, poured in another 
deadly volley into the line of the enemy, thinning their ranks, 
and making them, the third time, fall back to their former 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 201 

hiding place. In a short time the enemy changed his point 
of attack, and appeared in great force on the left of our brig- 
ade, and on the right between our regiment and General Neg- 
ley's force, both our right and left falling back. 

I was forced to order the regiment to fall back. The men 
obeying the order so reluctantly, and our left being so far 
turned before the order to fall back was received, caused our 
list of missing to be so large. We were also exposed to a 
cross-fire of the enemy's artillery. Our regiment occupied 
the front line from the morning of the thirtieth until eleven 
o'clock A. M. on the thirty-first, with the exception of a few 
moments when the First Kentucky occupied the front. The 
brigade falling back through a dense growth of cedar, be- 
came scattered somewhat, but were formed again in line ready 
for any emergency. 

Next morning, January first, the regiments with the bri- 
gade took a position farther to the left as a reserve. January 
second this regiment took a front position, sending out Com- 
pany F as skirmishers, and during this day the regiment lay 
in rifle pits exposed to a terrific fire from the enemy's artil- 
lery. Late in the evening, Lieutenant Colonel Smith and 
Captain John T. Smith, acting Major with General Palmer, 
led the regiment in a splendid charge on the enemy, cleaning 
out a piece of wood occupied by them in force. Both ofiicers 
and men acted heroically and to the entire satisfaction of 
the brave General. The regiment lost seven killed and forty- 
five wounded. 

I can not close this report without calling your attention to 
the gallant conduct of the ofiicers under my command. Dur- 
ing the action, Lieut. Colonel Smith was always on the alert, 
cheering the men, passing along the line of skirmishers and 
the regiment; wherever duty called him, there he was, during 
the engagement. Captain Smith, acting Major, was always 
at his post, cool, calm and collected, cheering the men and 
directing where to strike the hardest and deadliest blow. 
Captain Ilallowell, acting Adjutant, was ever on duty visiting 
the outposts and cheering the men; and where the balls flew 
thickest he appeared oftenest. 

I can not speak too highly of the bravery of Captain Wa- 



202 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

ternuui of Company A. When one ot" liis men fell, he picked 
up his gun and nobly kept it in use. Captains Nett* of Com- 
pany D, and Grimes of Company G, were always at their 
posts discharging their whole duty. Lieutenants Pickins of 
Company A, Key of Company C, Scott of Company E, Leas 
of Company F, Browii of Company II, I'ike of Company I, 
and Ilager of Company K were in command of their respec- 
tive companies during the entire engagement, and conducted 
themselves like old veterans, urging their men on and direct- 
ing them to fire with deliberation. Lieutenant Ford, of 
Company A, after the regiment fell back in the morning of 
the thirty-first, after Captain Waterman was missing, took 
command of his company and nobly imitated the gallant con- 
duct of his veteran Captain. Lieutenants Clark of Com- 
pany Dj Hatfield of Company II, Brown of Company F, 
Fielding of Company E, Roddy and McFetridge of Com- 
pany Gr, and Haviland of Company B, were at their posts 
throughout the whole action, vieing each other in noble 
deeds of valor. 

Assistant Surgeon Morgan was ever Attentive to his profes- 
sion. Close in the rear of the regiment he established his 
hospital and refused to leave the wounded soldiers, but nobly 
remained with them, suffering himself to be taken prisoner 
rather than to leave them to suffer. The same is also true of 
Dr. McKinny, who was also taken prisoner. I can not speak 
too highly of the conduct of our Sergeant Major, Noble, 
who gallantly buckled on the cartridge-box and took a rifle 
and was in the front rank of the line dealing out " lead pills " 
for the secesh. Sergeant Douglas, of Company K, who was 
discharging the duties of a Lieutenant, was active in leading 
his brave men to the post of honor. 

Indeed it is not necessary for me to speak of individuals. 
Every man of my command, officer and private, did their 
duty without an exception, as did all the officers and men that 
came under my notice of the entire brigade. Brigadier Gen- 
eral Cruft was at his post, ever watchful of his command, 
fearing no danger where duty called him, frequently riding 
along the lines waving his hat and cheering his command, in 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 203 

the hottest of the contest. Of the few killed on the field in 
my command, three were of the color guard. 

JOim OSBOEN, 
Colonel Commanding Thirtv-First Ind. Vols. 

The enemy evacuated Murfreesboro' on the third of Janu- 
ary, 1863, and our troops entered and took possession of the 
town on the fourth. The brigade trauis arrived from Nash- 
ville on the seventh. The brigade then went into camp three 
miles from Murfreesboro', on the McMinnville pike, where it 
remained until the sixteenth. It then advanced four miles 
east and went into camp at Cripple Creek. During its stay 
here the regiment made several reconnoissances to Wood- 
berry and the mountains, capturing fifteen prisoners, twenty- 
eight horses and three wagons. Chaplain Gillraore, who had 
been on detached duty as Post Chaplain at Murfreesboro', re- 
turned to the regiment, and at once instituted a series of 
prayer meetings and religious exercises, which were well at- 
tended, and much appreciated. Captain Waterman, Doctors 
McKinney and Morgan, who had been prisoners in Libby, 
here joined the regiment. 

On the eleventh of March, the enlisted men of the Thirty- 
First presented Colonel John Osborn with a valuable sword 
and equipments, as a token of their high appreciation of his 
kindness and efficiency. Sergeant J. B. Connelly made a 
neat and eflective speech, in performing the pleasant duty of 
giving to an officer whom all loved, a deserved testimonial. 
Colonel Osborn responded in a very happy manner. He paid 
a high tribute to the patriotism of his men, their courage, 
discipline and efficiency. He looked upon the testimonial as 
an enduring gift of gratitude and respect. 

On the twentieth of May, Lieutenant Colonel John T. 
Smith was presented with a sword by Company F, of the 
Thirty-First. Private James E. Terhune made a very elo- 
quent allusion to the services of Lieutenant Colonel Smith, 
in presenting the gift. Lieutenant Colonel Smith appropri- 
ately replied. He said he looked on the gift as a memento 
of friendship and should bequeath it as a treasure to his chil- 
dren. Colonel Osborn resigned on the fourteenth of July, 



204 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

and Lieutenuiit Colonel John T. kSmith was commissioned aa 
Colonel. Miijor Francis L. Neft' was promoted to the Lieu- 
tenant Colonelcy. 

On the twenty-fourth of June the regiment with the bri- 
gade to which it was attached, struck tents and marched for 
Manchester, Tennessee, arriving there on the first of July. 
During the whole march the skirmishers of the enemj^ were 
driven before the advancing column of the brigade. The 
column then marched nine miles towards Deckard Station. 
Learning that Elk River could not be crossed by reason of 
high water, and that the rebels had left the neighborhood, the 
division, to which the Thirty-First was attached, returned to 
Manchester, arriving there on the eighth. It rained for four- 
teen successive days during this march. The camping ground 
at Manchester was a bare field, but the industry of our troops 
soon transformed it into a beautiful, shady and comfortable 
camp. Here the troops rested until the nineteenth of August, 
when they were again ordered to march. The first day the 
regiment marched thirteen miles through mud and rain, and 
went into camp on Hickory Creek. On the next day it crossed 
a low range of mountains, passed Catlin's Cove, and camped 
near Irwin's College, having marched only ten miles — the 
weather being intensely^ hot. The College was beautifully 
situated, surrounded by hills and mountains. It was designed 
for the education of the sons of w^ealthy Southern men, 
where, undisturbed by the bustle of cities and towns, they 
might pursue their studies. But the rebellion had scattered 
its inmates, and its walls were empty. On the eighteenth, 
the regiment reached the summit of the Cumberland moun- 
tains, and halted beside a beautiful stream until the next 
morning. Then, resuming the march, reached Dunlap, a small 
town in the Sequatchie Valley. Here the regiment met Wil- 
der's cavalry, who had just captured a squad of Ferguson's 
guerrillas. The Thirty-First went into camp at Dunlap and 
remained there until the first of September. Then marched 
to the Little Sequatchie River, and camped five miles north 
of Jasper. Resuming the march, the regiment reached Shell 
Mound, on the Tennessee River, on the third, camped for two 
days ; then marched towards Chattanooga and camped at 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 205 

Whiteside Station. On the sixth, Lieutenant Colonel NefF, 
with four <3ompanies from the Thirtj'-first, took the advance 
for the purpose of clearing the road of fallen timber, which 
had been placed there by the rebels to obstruct our march. 
The rest of the regiment followed on the Trenton road. The 
next day Company K, which had been sent out to guard a 
signal station, attempted to gain the top of Lookout Moun- 
tain, but was repulsed by the rebels. On the eighth the reg- 
iment marched five miles towards Chattanooga. The next 
day it was reported that the enemy had evacuated Chattanooga. 
The regiment then marched over the spur of Lookout Mountain, 
and went into camp within four miles of Ringgold, Georgia, 
"While the troops were preparing dinner on the tenth, the 
enem3^'s cavalry made a vigorous attack on the advance guard, 
throwing it into confusion and capturing fifty of our men. 
The Thirty-First Indiana and Ninetieth Ohio were at once 
thrown forward, and drove the rebels two miles. These regi- 
ments then returned and camped on Peavine Creek. The 
regiment reached Ringgold at four, p. m., on the next day. On 
the twelfth it encountered the enemy's cavalry, and a sharp 
skirmish ensued. The rebels, however, fell back. The corps, 
to which the regiment was attached, concentrated at Lee and 
Gordon's Mills on the same day. Sharp skirmishing ensued 
on the thirteenth. The march still continuing, the regiment 
overtook the other brigades of the division on the fifteenth, 
and went into camp near Pond Springs. 

On the eighteenth, the brigade took position on the left of 
Wood's and Yancleve's divisions, at Gordon's Mills. The 
general preparation and anxiety showed that a battle was ex- 
pected ; yet the men appeared cool and determined. 

The morning of the nineteenth of September was bright 
and beautiful ; but as the sun glistened over the mountains 
and slowly dispelled the rising mists from the winding valleys, 
its advent was greeted by the reverberating crash of musketr}^ 
and the echoing roar of artillery. The first efibrt of the 
enemy was to possess the Ringgold road. At eight o'clock the 
fighting became severe; and brigade after brigade was hur- 
ried to the front. At eleven the engagement became general 
along the whole line. Such was the noise and fury of the 



206 UH(;iMi;XTAL iilstouv. 

surging rebel columii.s that th():5e in tlie re:ir tlionglit the en- 
emy hud broken our line where (jieneral Thouias" division 
was engaged. (Jeneral Palmer's division — to which the regi- 
ment was attached — moved to the support of General Thomas, 
and arrived just at the moment the massed colums of Cheat- 
ham's rebel division were hurled upon Thomas' left. As 
Cheatham's veterans rushed foward they were handsomely 
met and checked by the troops of General Palmer. A severe 
engagement then ensued, which resulted in the repulse of 
the enemy. Our ammunition being exhausted firing ceased. 
Taking advantage of this, the enemy moved new troops to 
our front, and, massing, hurled them on the third brigade, 
forcing it back and exposing our right flank. The brigade at 
once fell back to connect the line. Then General Willich's 
brigade cliarged the advancing enemy, driving him back in 
confusion and capturing a number of prisoners. At five, P. 
M., the brigade moved to the left to support Johnson's divi- 
sion; but the enemy was driven back by Johnson, without 
their assistance. During the heaviest of the battle, the men 
sang, "llally round the flag," and shouted defiance to the 
enemy. 

On the twentieth, at four, a. m., the brigade was ordered to 
throw up defences. Log breastworks were quickly con- 
structed. At eight, A. M., the enemy drove in our skirmish 
line, and made a desperate assault on our left ; but after a ter- 
rible struggle was repulsed. It now became evident that the 
enemy was aiming to turn our left; and the divisions of 
Wood and Yancleve were hurried to the support of Brannan. 
Soon the enemy made another furious assault along our en- 
tire line. After two hours hard fighting he was repulsed in 
our front and to our right. The enemy forced the divisions 
of Wood and Yancleve rapidly back, and plunging through 
the gap, the rebel column passed in rear of Brannan's division. 

At this moment the Xinth Ohio, and two regiments of 
Beatty's brigade, charged the enemy, and drove him back be- 
yond the position first held by the Union troops. The enemy, 
finding that he could not penetrate our center, nor drive our 
left, supposed that our main army was massed on those 
points, and commenced a vigorous attack on our right, held 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 207 

now only by Generals Davis and Sheridan, and the cavalry, 
while on the right of our division there were no troops, save a 
a skirmish line supported by artillery. The battle opened on 
"Wilder, on the extreme right, at three P. M., by a rush from 
Longstreet's corps, whose men boasted that the^' had never 
been compelled to fall back ; but the Spencer rifles of Wilder's 
men proved too much for them, and drove them back in great 
disorder. The rebel attack now extended to the left, and soon 
the columns of the enemy poured through the gap between the 
Thirty -First and Gen. Davis' command, cutting ofi' our right 
from the main army. As the enemy advanced in heavy columns, 
rapidly gaining our rear, they were met by General Steadman 
with the reserve corps, who held them in check until the cen- 
ter withdrew on double-quick, and gained Mission Ridge at 
sunset. The enemy pursued for half a mile and shelled our 
retreating columns. The regiment remained at Mission 
Eidge, with the brigade until dark. Then it marched to 
Rossville, and went into camp. During the night the entire 
Union army concentrated at Eossville. 

On Sabbath morning, during the battle, while the brigade 
was fighting behind the temporary breastworks, the rebels 
made three desperate charges, but our brigade held its posi- 
tion, although subjected to an enfilading fire. 

Chaplain Gillmore was detailed by Colonel Smith, during 
the battle, to visit the diflerent hospitals, and attend to the 
wants of the wounded who had fallen the da}^ before. While 
executing this order, the Chaplain found himself suddenly 
confronting a rebel skirmish line, supporting artillery. As 
he wheeled his horse to escape, a rebel bullet struck the an- 
imal, but, though the horse was wounded the Chaplain was 
not, and, eluding the rebel hosts, he reached the Union hos- 
pital. Soon afterward, the rapidly advancing rebel batteries 
came within range, forcing the Chaplain and Surgeons to 
seek shelter elsewhere. After a rapid, irregular march, the 
Chaplain and party reached Chattanooga. He concluded that 
a charge from a rebel line of sharp-shooters, and the fire of a 
battery was too much for a Chaplain, and prudently retired 
from the field. 

The loss of the regiment in the battle of Chickamauga 



-08 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

was comparatively small, especially when we consider the se- 
vere firing to which it was exiioscd. Tlie enemy had the ad- 
vantage of superior numbers, and the choice of the battle 
ground. 

It is the opinion of many, that had General Thomas com- 
manded the army, the disaster would not have occurred. 

CAPTAIN WxM. J. LEAS. 

Among the fallen braves at the battle of Chickamauga, 
was Captain William J. Leas. From sixth Corporal, he 
was promoted through the various grades, until placed in 
command of a company. lie was a conscientious, religious 
man — one of the most faithful and efficient ofiicers. While 
bravely leading his command into battle, a minnie ball passed 
through his head. He was at once conveyed to a house in 
the rear, and kindly cared for by Chaplain Gillmore. The 
next day the rebels captured the hospitals, and it was after- 
wards ascertained that the rebels had buried the Captain. 
He was a resident of Spencer county, Indiana. 

CAPTAIN GEORGE HARVEY 

Was ranked among the bravest and most amiable of our 
officers. His home was in Parke county, Indiana. The reg- 
iment felt proud of his abilities, and a thrill of sorrow went 
through the ranks when intelligence was received that he had 
fallen by a rebel bullet, while faithfully discharging his duty, 
and urging on his brave company in the battle of Shiloh, 
April six, 18G2. He sleeps in Indiana's consecrated soil. 

LIEUT. COLONEL FRANK NEFF 

Was born near Perryville, Kentucky, was educated for the 
bar, and practiced his profession for several years. Influenced 
by patriotism, when a call was made by the President for vol- 
unteers to defend the nation's honor, and put down rebellion, 
Frank Neff enlisted in the Thirty-First, and received the ap- 
pointment of First Lieutenant. He received a severe wound 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 209 

at the battle of Fort Donelson, from which he had not en- 
tirely recovered when he returned to duty. At the battle of 
Chickamaiiga, also, liis arm was almost disabled by a frag- 
ment of a shell. But at all times, and under all circum- 
stances, he manifested a disposition to perform fl^ithfully 
every duty assigned him, and considered it a great honor to 
be identified with the loyal people of our country in their ef- 
forts to punish treason, and preserve the Union. In all the 
exercises of the drill, camp duties and lengthy marches, the 
skirmish and the battle. Colonel Neft' was never known to 
falter or complain, and as a just reward, he was promoted to 
the various ranks of Captain, Mnjor, and Lieutenant Colonel. 
Colonel Neff was truly a brave man. He understood and 
faithfully performed his duties. He was patriotic, industrious 
and hopeful. Love for country urged him forward in all his 
sufferings and toils. Always kind and respectful to officers 
and privates, he was highly esteemed by all. He was uni- 
formly chaste in his use of language, and so rigidly tempe- 
rate in his habits that he had frequently been referred to as 
an example of total abstinence in the army. Though not 
connected with any church, Colonel Neff had great respect 
for religion. In the camp, or field, or town, he was always, 
when practicable, present at the religious meetings of the 
regiment. Just before the command left Attawah, Tennes- 
see, he waited on Chaplain Gillmore, and requested him to 
preach a series of sermons, for the benefit of the men. The 
Chaplain preached one sermon, to which the Colonel and offi- 
cers listened with much attention ; but an unexpected order 
to march prevented any further religious service at that place. 
Chaplain Gillmore, speaking of the intelligence of bis death, 
says : "When I heard of Col. !N'efl:''s death, I was sick at the 
officer's hospital on Lookout Mountain, and such were the 
numerous pleasant interviews we had enjoyed together, such 
my affection for that noble hearted man, and such his fixed- 
ness of purpose, and cheerful, accommodating spirit, that I 
could scarcely realize the fact, or consent to have the mourn- 
ful tale confirmed. Still I had to yield to the force of evi- 
dence, and unite with the regiment in regret and sorrow, that 
80 useful and good a man should fall a sacrifice to traitors in 
Vol. IL— 14. 



210 REQIiMENTAL HISTORY. 

arms against til cir country." Let his name be honored. Let 
his patriotism and courage be appreciated and imitated by 
every citizen of the hind. 

Lieutenant Colonel Xeft" fell on the twenty-fifth of June, 
18G-4, in front of Atlanta, Georgia, in the thirty-first year of 
his age. 

TWENTY-FOURTH REGIMENT. 

The Administration did not realize, when the rebellion 
commenced, the immense task it had undertaken. Hence 
but a small force was called to meet, what was then thouglit 
to be, an immediate emergency. That call was promptly filled. 
The martial spirit of the west was aroused, and the number 
of volunteers exceeded the troops demanded. By incessant 
application to the President and War Departn^ent, permission 
was given C. M. Allen and others to raise four additional regi- 
ments in Indiana, and a request to that effect made to Gov. Mor- 
ton, by the Secretary of War. The Governor, accordingly, 
on the twenty-second of June, 1861, issued orders, through 
his Adjutant General, that these regiments should be recruited 
in the first, second and third Congressional districts, popularly- 
called '' The Pocket." 

The Twenty-Fourth was recruited and organized under 
this order, and rendezvoused at Vincennes. A military camp 
was a novelty to the citizens of that section, and for miles 
around they flocked to "Camp Knox" with baskets filled 
with substantial fare for their friends — the volunteers. Many 
warm friendships were formed at this camp, and some, who 
were then visitors have since been the heroes of hard fought 
battles. 

On the thirty-first of July, the regiment was mustered into 
the service of the United States, by Lieutenant Colonel T. J. 
Wood, U. S. A. Its roster was as follows : 

Field and Staff Officers. — Colonel, Alvin P. Ilovey, Mount 
Yernon; Lieutenant Colonel, John Gerber, Madison; Major 
Cyrus C. llines, Indianapolis; Adjutant, Richard F. Bax- 
ter, Mount Vernon; Regimental Quarter Master, John M. 
Clark, Yincennes; Surgeon, Robert B. Jessup, Yincennes; 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 211 

Assistant Surgeon, John W. Davis. Yiucennes; Assistant 

Surgeon, , Vincennes; Chaplain, Charles Fitch, 

Mount Vernon. 

Company A. — Captain, Hugh Erwin, Mitchell; First Lieu- 
tenant, George Sheeks, Mitchell; Second Lieutenant, Hiram 
F. Baxton, Bedford. 

Company B. — Captain, Solomon Dill, Paoli; First Lieuten- 
ant, John W. Tucker, Orleans; Second Lieutenant, Stephen 
H. Southwick, Paoli. 

Company C. — Captain, John F. Grill, Evansville; First 
Lieutenant, Charles Larch, Mount Yernon; Second Lieuten- 
ant, William Miller, Vincennes. 

Company D. — Captain, J^elson F. Bulton, Washington; 
First Lieutenant, Jacob Covert, Washington ; Second Lieu- 
tenant, Samuel M. Smith, Washington. 

Company JE. — Captain, Samuel R. Morgan, Petersburg; 
First Lieutenant, John E.Phillips, Princeton; Second Lieu- 
tenant, John T. Devreeson, Petersburg, 

Company F. — Captain, Amizon Connett, Evansville; First 
Lieutenant, Thomas E. Ashley, Evansville; Second Lieuten- 
ant, Joseph A. Launders, Evansville. 

Company G. — Captain, Wrn. T. Spicely, Orleans; First 
Lieutenant, Charles T. Jenkins, Orleans; Second Lieutenant, 
Arthur W. Gray, Orleans. 

Company H. — Captain, Wm. L. Merrick, Petersburg; First 
Lieutenant, John B. Hutchens, Petersburg; Second Lieuten- 
ant, James J. Jones, Winslow. 

Company I. — Captain, Samuel T. McGuffin, Loogootee; 
First Lieutenant, James Wood, Loogootee; Second Lieuten- 
ant, Benjamin J. Summers, Loogootee. 

Company K. — Captain, Thomas Johnson, Washington; 
First Lieutenant, Francis M. Redburn, Princeton; Secoud 
Lieutenant Wm. T. Rolland, Cynthiana. 

Colonel Hovey at once instituted drill, and thoroughly in- 
structed the men in their duty as soldiers. He was ably as- 
sisted by Captain Spicely. 

On the sixteenth of August muskets were drawn, and the 
regiment was equipped for the field. 

Then there was an urgent demand for troops in Missouri, 



•212 REOIMENTAL HISTORY. 

to meet the invasion of thatStiite by the rebel General Price. 
Indiana responded to tliis eall by sending several regiments, 
including the Twenty-Fourth. 

On the eighteenth the regiment left Camp Knox, and 
marching to the depot, took cars for St. Louis, and bivouacked 
opposite the city that night. The next morning crossed the 
Mississippi, marched through the streets of St. Louis, and 
camped in Park Lafayette. Here it remained a few days, 
and then marched to Carondelet, seven miles below St. Louis, 
where it formed camp, and was assigned to guard the gun- 
boats, then in process of construction. 

On the sixth of September, Colonel Ilovey, with six com- 
panies of the regiment, were conveyed twenty-five miles on 
the Iron Mountain railroad. They then made a rapid march 
of fifteen miles, and reached a rebel camp, but the enemy had 
fled. The detachment then returned to Carondelet. 

On the sixteenth the regiment embarked on a steamer, and 
sailed to St. Louis, On learning that the Army of the Poto- 
mac was their destination, the men filled the air with their 
glad shouts. Arriving at St. Louis, the regiment was ordered 
to take cars for Jefferson City, Missouri. 

The train slowly moved, and soon found the track so much 
obstructed by weeds as to impede progress. After forty-eight 
hours hard labor, the cars ran one hundred and twenty-five 
miles. The regiment went into camp at Syracuse. 

On the twentieth the regiment marched seven miles along 
the railroad, and halted where the pioneers were construct- 
ing a bridge. Here it guarded the workmen, and fortified 
the position. The bridge being completed, the regiment 
crossed on the twenty-fourth, and made a wearisome march 
over a plowed prairie to Georgetown. 

On its arrival here, it was brigaded with the Eighteenth 
and Twenty-Second Indiana, the brigade being under com- 
mand of Colonel Jeff". C. Davis, of the Twenty-Second, and 
applied itself to the learning of the various maneuvers nec- 
essary for an active campaign. In a few weeks afterward the 
regiment reached Sedalia, and taking cars, arrived at Tipton, 
where it went into camp. Here it was assigned to General 
Hunter's division. 



KEGIMENTAL HISTORY. 213 

General Fremont was then engaged in gathering an army, 
preparatory to moving on the rebel General Price at Spring- 
field, Missouri. The troops, rapidly as they could be prop- 
erly equipped, were marched to Warsaw, on the Osage river. 
The river at this point is about three hundred yards wide, 
with a swift current. It was soon bridged, and the regiment, 
joining the expedition, crossed on the twenty-fourth of October 
and bivouacked. Next day it marched seven miles, then 
halted and waited for rations from Tipton. Rations having 
been procured, the regiment marched eight miles and bi- 
vouacked. It was then assigned to another brigade. This 
change gave Colonel Hovey the command of a brigade, leav- 
ing Lieutenant Colonel John Gerber in command of the reg- 
iment. 

Soon orders were received for the army to march on Spring- 
field, and the soldiers, with cheerful faces and gladdened 
hearts, pushed rapidly forward. 

On the third of November, General Fremont's advance en- 
tered Springfield, driving out the loitering rebel cavalry. 
Here Fremont's army halted for the purpose of concentrat- 
ing and falling on the rebel General Price, then posted at 
Wilson's creek; but before an advance was made, General 
Fremont was superceded by General Hunter, and the pro- 
posed campaign was abandoned. 

The regiment left Springfield oh the ninth, and reached 
Warsaw on the fourteenth. After resting one day, it marched 
to Tipton, reached there on the eighteenth, and went into 
their old camp, having marched three hundred miles. It was 
now winter, yet the new troops were kept in constant mo- 
tion. 

. On the eighth of December the regiment marched to La- 
moine bridge, and while engaged in putting up huts for shel- 
ter, was ordered to join the Warrensburg expedition. The 
object of this movement was to intercept, and if possible, 
capture a large number of recruits, and a large wagon train 
on their way to join Price's nvmy. The expedition was 
planned and executed by Colonel Jeft'. C. Davis. One thou- 
sand five hundred rebels, with their baggage, arms and am- 
munition, were captured. 



214 iu:(;iMKNT.\L iiistouv. 

The rcgiincnt went into cnnip, at Tipton, on the twenty- 
third of December, and a deep snow had fallen, and there 
was no shelter for the men. Scraping awa}^ the snow, they 
built largo tires and bivouacked. Soon Sibley tents were 
drawn, and the men enjoyed comfortable quarters. 

On the seventh of February the regiment broke camp, and 
after a severe march, reached Jefl'erson Git}- on the tenth. 

On the fifteenth it took cars for St. Louis, and arriving there, 
embarked on a steamer, under orders to join General Grant's 
army on the Cumberland river. Sailing down the Mississippi 
and up the Ohio and Cumberland rivers, the regiment ar- 
rived at Fort Douelson on the eighteenth, two days after its 
surrender. 

On the first of March the regiment marched to Fort Henry, 
and, on its arrival there, was brigaded with the Eleventh In- 
diana and Eighth Missouri, the brigade being under com- 
mand of Colonel Morgan L. Smith, of the Eighth Missouri. 
This brigade was attached to General Lew. Wallace's divi- 
sion. Major Ilynes, being promoted to the Lieutenant Co- 
lonelcy of the Fifty-Seventh Indiana, took leave of the reg- 
iment, and Captain Spicely Avas promoted to tlie Majority. 

On the seventh the regiment, with the Twenty-Third Indi- 
ana, embarked on the steamer Telegraph ]!^[o. 3, and sailed 
up the Tennessee river with the jQcet of General Grant. On 
reaching Savannah the regiment landed, and accompanied 
General Lew. Wallace's division on a reconnoissance to 
Crump's Landing, seven miles distant. No enemy being en- 
countered, the regiment returned with the division to the 
boats. 

Kemaining on the boats five days, the division — to which 
the regiment was attached — disem1>arked and went into camp 
on the bluffs at Crump's Landing on the eighteenth. Here 
it engaged in drill, picketing, and other duties, until tbe fifth 
of April. 

Meanwliile General Grant had landed his main army at 
Pittsburg Landing, and placing it in position to cover and 
defend that point, waited the advance of Buell's army, which, 
by easy marches across the country, by way of ISTashville and 
Bowling Green, was expected to reinforce him. But the wily 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 215 

rebel Generals were fully cognizant of our plans, and, before 
Buell efiected a junction with Grant, assumed the offensive. 

At midnight of the fifth of April, the camp of General 
Lew. Wallace's division was aroused by the beating of the 
" assembly." The division formed and marched through rain 
and mud to Adamsville. No enemy being found, the troops, 
weary and exhausted, returned. 

Early on the morning of the sixth, the sleeping troops of 
Wallace's division were wakened by the roar of artillery. 
The General ordered the division to form, and prepare for an 
instant march. At noon the command received orders, and 
moved for the field of battle. Proceeding several miles it 
was ascertained that because of the falling back of Grant's 
army our line of march would lead to the enemy's rear, and 
expose the division to capture or destruction. A counter- 
march was at once made, and General Wallace's division 
reached Pittsburg landing at dusk. It was immediately hur- 
ried to the front, and placed in position. The Twenty-Fourth 
was placed on the extreme right of the division. No demon- 
stration was made that night by either of the opposing ar- 
mies, and — save the regular thirty minute guns from the gun- 
boats Tyler and Lexington — all was quiet. 

Early next morning General Lew. W^allace opened the bat- 
tle. Bringing an enfilading fire to bear on a rebel battery, it 
was soon driven from position. Then his whole division ad- 
vanced, and reached an open field. Beyond this field was 
timber, through the edge of which the head of a rebel column 
appeared, marching to our right. On this column batteries 
were opened, which were sharply replied to by the rebels. 
Skirmishers were thrown forward. Wallace's main line ad- 
vanced, and the rebel column disappeared in the woods. 

The rebel line was again encountered beyond these woods. 
The regiment advanced, with the brigade, and held its posi- 
tion under a severe fire from the enemy. A well served bat- 
tery of the rebels, named Watson's Louisiana battery, caused 
sad havoc in our ranks. Here the gallant Lieutenant Stephen 
H. South wick, while urging forward his company, fell. Lieu- 
tenant Colonel John Gerber rode up, and, wliile exciting the 
men to avenge the loss of their Lieutenant, was struck by a 



216 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

cannon bull and instantly killed. The brave Captain Samuel 
T. MeGufiin here also fell. The Twenty-Fourth held its po- 
sition four hours, thougli repeatedly charged by the enemy. 

At two, p. M., the enemy's line gave way, then a charge was 
ordered along tlie whole Union line. The enemy fled in con- 
fusion. The Twenty-Fourth joined in the pursuit, took a 
number of prisoners, and bivouacked that night on the battle 
ground. The regiment lost heavily in this engagement. The 
next day was occupied in burying the dead and providing for 
the wounded. For several days the regiment bivouacked in 
line of battle. On the sixteenth tents were received, and the 
Twenty-Fourth went into camp near the battle field, where it 
remained until the fourth of May. It then moved to Gravel 
Ridge. 

During the siege of Corinth the regiment was stationed at 
Gravel liidge, and attached to the reserve of General Ilal- 
leck's army, then advancing by parallels on that important 
position. Corinth was evacuated by the enemy on the thir- 
tieth, then the Union troops took possession. About this time 
Colonel Alvin P. Hovey was commissioned a Brigadier Gen- 
eral, and Captain ISpicely promoted to the Colonelcy. Adju- 
tant Barton was appointed Lieutenant Colonel, and Captain 
Grill received the Majority. 

On the second of June the regiment was ordered to march 
for Memphis. Breaking up camp, the line of march was 
taken, passing through a flourishing section of country never 
before penetrated by Union troops. Private property was 
then respected and no foraging allowed. Hence, neither 
ruined household nor devastated plantation marked the route 
of the moving column. By easy marches, the troops passed 
through Purdy, Bolivar and Summerville, halting long enough 
in each place to rest. 'The weather was intensely warm, and the 
roads were dusty, but good water was plentiful. Thus, by easy 
marches, the regiment reached Memphis on the seventeenth, 
and found it in possession of Union troops. Halting in the 
suburbs of the city, the men were preparing to camp, when 
the regiment was ordered to march into the city. Moving 
amid a terrible storm, it bivouacked in the rain, and the next 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 217 

day encamped on Front street, where it remained for twelve 
days. 

On tlie thirtieth, the regiment embarked on a steamer 
bound for White River, and, sailing down the Mississippi and 
up the White River, reached Crockect's Bluft" on tiie third of 
July. Disembarking, it joined the forces of Colonel Fitch, 
then exploring that section of the country. 

On the sixth. Colonel Spicely was ordered to take the right 
wing of the Regiment and move in the direction of Grand 
Prairie, and instructed to attack the enemy wherever found. 
Colonel Fitch was to follow in supporting distance with the 
brigade. 

The detachment under Colonel Spicely marched at four, a. 
M., and encountered the enemy's pickets a short distance from 
camp. Brisk skirmishing ensued, and the rebels were pressed 
back for three miles, until the command reached Grand Prai- 
rie, when it halted in the edge of the timber skirting tlie 
prairie. Here the enemy was found in line of battle on the 
open prairie, a few hundred yards distant, showing a front of 
two companies of cavalry. Colonel Spicely shrew^dly sus- 
pecting tlie intention of this maneuver deployed three com- 
panies as pickets and flankers, and sent Lieutenant Barton, 
with a squad of men, for reinforcements. The main force of 
the enemy, who was then secreted in the woods in our rear, 
seeing the three companies advance, arose from cover, and 
dashed through the woods, with drawn sabres, on the rear of 
our reserves. The command " About, face " was at once 
given, and as the rebels charged they were met b}^ a spirited 
fire. A sharp light ensued, but soon the rebels fled, leaving 
their killed and wounded on the field. The Twenty-Fourth 
had only eighty men against four hundred rebels. Its loss 
was one killed and twenty-one w'ounded. That of the enemy 
sixty killed and wounded, and thirteen prisoners. Colonel 
Fitch, hearing the musketry, hurried his brigade to our sup- 
port, but arrived too late to participate in the fight, 

Next day the brigade marched through Grand Prairie, 
driving the enemy wherever he made a stand, an~d hy march- 
ing rapidly that day and night reached Clarenden next morn- 
ing. The enemy having disappeared, the brigade embarked 



218 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

on steamboats and sailed down White Kiver and up the Mis- 
sissippi to Helena, where it disembarked and went into camp. 
The object of this expedition was to divert the attention of 
the enem}' while General Curtis moved into Arkansas from 
Missouri. This was accomplished. 

The regiment had a neat camp at Helena, and was occu- 
pied in drill, expeditions and scouting. On the twentj-fourth 
the regiment was pleasantly surprised by the arrival of Gen- 
eral Hovey wnth the rest of the brigade. General Ilovey 
immediately assumed command of the post, and infused ac- 
tivity into the troops. The next day two companies of the 
regiment went up the river, and destroyed all the boats, 
canoes and rafts which they could find, in order to prevent 
the enemy from having communication with the opposite shore 
of the Mississippi. Several days of hard and hazardous labor 
were passed on this expedition. 

On the fourth of August the regiment marched to Claren- 
den in support of a cavalry force under General Washburn. 
ITo enemy being encountered, it returned to Helena and 
worked on the fortifications. On the fifteenth of November 
it embarked with an expedition under General Hovej^ for 
White Eiver, but on arriving at the mouth of that stream 
found that the boats could not pass over the bar. The troops 
landed, procured a large quantity of supplies, and again re- 
embarking, returned to Helena. 

On the twenty-seventh another expedition was projected, 
in which the regiment took a prominent part. The infantry^ 
was under command of General Hovey, and supported the 
cavalry under General Washburn. General Grant was mak- 
ing preparations to move overland against Vicksburg. The 
object of this movement was to destroy the Tennessee and 
Mississippi Central Eailroad. The command embarked on 
transports, and sailing down the Mississippi, landed twenty 
miles below Helena, on the Mississippi shore ; thence marched 
to Coldwater. General Hovey halted his infantry column at 
Coldwater, and dispatched Colonel Spicely, with the Eleventh 
and Twenty-Fourth Indiana as a support to the cavalry. 
Colonel Spicely reached the Yachna river, and detailing two 
coni[)aiiies to guard a ferry, marched to Mitchell's Cross 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 219 

Roads, where he halted until the next evening, the first of 
December. Here he was met by the cavalry of General 
"Washburn, who had accomplished their mission, by destroy- 
ing much rolling stock and cutting two railroads. That night 
sharp musketry firing was heard in the direction of the ferry. 
The regiment started to reinforce their comrades. The cav- 
alry, however, arrived first, and the Twenty -Fourth rapidly 
following, had a sharp skirmish with the enemy. On this 
occasion General Hovey rode twelve miles in forty minutes 
to rejoin his favorite regiment, and was received with wild 
enthusiasm. The rest of the infantry rejoined the command 
at the ferry next day, and remained there w^hile the cavalry 
made another raid on a railroad. On the return of the cav- 
alry, the force marched back to the river, embarked on steam 
ers and reached Helena on the seventh. 

On the eleventh of January, 1863, the regiment accompa- 
nied a fleet under command of General Gorman, which was 
to ascend White Eiver to act in conjunction with General 
McClernand, who was then moving on Arkansas Post. The 
reo^imcnt reached St. Charles on the fourteenth, after beins: 
exposed to a violent snow storm, which caused much suffer- 
ing to the men. Duvall's Bluff was reached on the sixteenth, 
and was found evacuated by the enemy, but the command, 
landing, pursued the retreating foe, capturing a number of 
prisoners. The next day Colonel Spicely, with his command, 
proceeded thirty miles to Des Arc, where the railroad crosses 
the river. The rebels again fled, leaving their sick in the hos- 
pital. Colonel Spicely paroled the sick, destroyed the tele- 
graph, captured a number of small arms, and the military li- 
brary of Jeff". Thomas, and returned to the main force. The 
fleet then sailed for Helena, arriving there on the twenty-first 
of January. 

The last expedition from Helena, participated in by the re- 
giment was for the purpose of opening the Yazoo Pass, and 
thus reach the rear of Vicksburg. This pass was a chute 
from the Mississippi to the Coldwater Eiver. The rebels, 
however, anticipated this movement, and erected Fort Green- 
wood, which the expedition was unable to reach by land, and 
the gunboats could not approach by water. Our forces worked 



220 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

several days and removed the logs out of tlie bayou, then 
marched to Woodbuni and luid a skirmish with the enemy 
The expedition then returned to the boats and went back to 
Helena, where the troops disembarked and went into camp. 

General Grant was now gathering his grand army to make 
his great move against Vicksburg. Notwithstanding the 
many repulses the Union army had experienced, in attempt- 
ing to capture that rebel stronghold, the troops at Helena 
were anxious to renew the attack. 

On the tenth of April, the welcome order to march was 
received, and General Ilovey's division, embarking on trans- 
ports, sailed down the Mississippi, and landed at Milliken's 
Bend on the fourteenth. The next day was employed in 
preparing for an active campaign. On the sixteenth, Ho- 
vey's division started by way of Richmond, to march across 
the bend opposite Vicksburg, and reached Roundaway bayou 
on the twenty-iirst, where they halted until a bridge was 
thrown across the bayou. The march was then resumed, 
and continued until Perkins' plantation was reached. On 
the twenty-eighth, the division embarked on steamboats, and 
reached Hard Times Landing. The next day the regiment 
witnessed the bombardment of Grand Gulf. On the thirtieth, 
Hovey's division crossed the Mississippi. Landing late in 
the evening, it pushed rapidly forward, and reached Thomp- 
son's Cross roads, sixteen miles distant, at three o'clock next 
morning. Here General Benton's brigade, of Osterhaus' di- 
vision, was actively engaged witli a rebel battery posted on a 
hill in their front, supported by infantry. Hovey's division 
at once advanced to Benton's support, when the rebels re- 
tired. Our weary troops then bivouacked. 

The next morning v.-as fought the battle of Magnolia, or 
Tliompson's Cross roads. A corps of Pemberton's rebel army, 
and Hovey's and Osterhaus' divisions, were the troops prin- 
cipally engaged. The battle was commenced by the rebels 
advancing on the division of General Osterhaus, driving in 
his pickets, and pressing heavily his main line. General Ho- 
vey ordered Colonel Spicely to advance Avith the Twenty- 
Fourth to the support of Osterhaus. A lieavy cane-brake 
lined the cliffs in front. When the reofiment heard the voice 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 221 

of their gallant Colonel, giving the command, "Forward!" 
it moved swifr.ly through the cane-brake, clambered over the 
clifls, and reached Benton's brigade, which had just repulsed 
the enemy with terrible slaughter. At this moment. General 
Osterhaus rode up, and ordered Colonel Spicely to move his 
regiment quickly to the left, and fight as his judgment dic- 
tated. "That suits me!" said Colonel Spicely, and, order- 
ing his regiment to move on the double-quick, prepared to 
charge a rebel batter}^ which was annoying our line. When 
the regiment arrived within a few yards of the battery, the 
Eleventh Indiana had captured it. The enemy then fell 
back, took a strong position, and awaited another assault. 

General Hovey's whole division having now reinforced the 
shattered lines of General Osterhaus, an advance was ordered. 
The Twenty-Fourth was sent to the support of Col. Slack's 
brigade. As the regiment gained the summit of a hill, the 
rebels were discovered massing on an opposite hill. Between 
the opposing parties was a level, open country, through which 
run a deep ravine. This ravine formed an excellent defensive 
position. To reach it was the object of both the rebel and 
Federal soldiers. Its shelter was gained by the Twenty- 
Fourth. Quickly forming, it poured a galling fire into the 
rebel ranks, driving him back in confusion. The foe, form- 
ing his shattered ranks, charged, but from that ravine issued 
a fire, so sharp and destructive, that the enemy was again 
hurled back. For an hour and a half were the rebel columns 
precipitated on this position, only to be repulsed with loss. 
They were finally compelled to retreat in great disorder. The 
regiment, owing to the protection afibrded by the ravine, met 
with but small loss — five being killed, and eighteen wounded. 
That night it bivouacked on the battle field. 

The next day the regiment marched through Port Gibson, 
the enemy having evacuated that place. The following day 
the regiment reached Grand Gulf, which had also been aban- 
doned by the enemy. On the fifth, a march of twenty miles 
was made, and the regiment camped at Hawkins' ferry. 

"While stationed here. General Grant issued orders congrat- 
ulating the troops on their success, and commending their 
bravery on the battle field. 



222 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

On the tenth, the regiment advanced ten miles towards 
Jackson ; on the twelfth, our troops pressed the enemy, and, 
by liard skirniishing, drove liim beyond Fourteen-Mile creek. 
The next day the regiment marched three miles, and, when 
uear Edwards' Station, found the enemy in heavy force. 

Sharp skirmishing commenced, and the attention of the 
enemy was occupied, while General Sherman captured Jack- 
son, and ]\Icrherson fought the battle of llaymond. Then 
all our columns united and moved on Vicksburg. 

On the fourteenth, the regiment marched through Ray- 
mond, and thence to Clinton, halting near Bolton, on the 
evening of the following day. It was known that the rebels 
were in force and strong position at Baker's creek, four miles 
distant, and it was evident he intended to make a desperate 
resistance to the further advance of the Union army towards 
Vicksburg. General McCIernand's corps was in the advance, 
and he, without waiting for the rest of the arm\^ to arrive, 
opened the battle of Champion's Hill. 

On May sixteenth, at six a. m.. General Ilovey's division 
moved in the advance — General McGinnis' brigade being in 
the advance of the division, and the Twenty-Fourth the ad- 
vance regiment in the brigade. Three companies of the regi- 
ment were throw^n out as skirmishers, and the command 
moved cautiousl}' forward. The advance was uninterrupted 
until ten a. m., when our cavalry returned from the front, re- 
porting the enemy posted in force on Champion's Hill. 

The brigade was formed in line of battle, and, advancing 
to the open field, soon came in contact with the enemy. In 
a short time the fight became desperate. The rebels massed 
and charged on the brigade battery, w'hich w^as supported by 
tlie Thirty-Fourth Indiana. Colonel Spicely ordered the 
Twenty-Fourth to give the rebels an oblique fire. This vol- 
ley caused them to fall back, then our lines advanced eight 
hundred yards into the woods, driving the enemy. Here the 
rebels massed in front of Ilovey's division, and made a terri- 
ble onset. They were met by a severe fire, but their over- 
powering numbers was pressing severely the riglit center of 
Hovey's division, when Colonel Spicely received orders to 
move to its support. Although sharply engaged with the en- 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 223 

emy, the Colonel executed the order, moving by the left flank 
to the support of the Eleventh Indiana, which, having been 
overpowered, had fallen back a short distance. The Twenty- 
Fourth moved to the assistance of the brave Eleventh, and, 
while the Eleventh retired, the Twenty-Fourth fell into posi- 
tion, and held the point with great coolness under a severe 
enfilading fire. An Indiana Colonel, who witnessed the con- 
test, said : "I was compelled to lie with my regiment where 
I could see the rebels massing in front of the Twenty-Fourth. 
Column after column they advanced, delivering their fire, 
and, as one column gave way, a fresh one took its place, 
keeping the Twenty-Fourth enveloped in flame ! My blood 
boiled for my Iloosier brethren, to whom I could give no as- 
sistance. I wondered how they endured the slaughter." 

The enemy threw a large part of his force against the por- 
tion of the line held by the Twenty-Fourth, yet it stood un- 
wavering, though its brave men fell by scores. It met and 
returned the converging fire of the enemy, holding him in 
check, until part of the main line gave way, then the regi- 
ment retired seventy-five yards to straighten the line, and 
poured into the massed rebel ranks a sheet of flame and lead. 
Again the regiment was compelled to change position, falling 
back a short distance, it again halted, and prepared to meet 
the surging foe. At this moment the colors fell, the staff 
having been broken by a shot from the enemy. Lieutenant 
Colonel Barton rushed forward, seized the colors, and defi- 
antly waved them in the face of the enemy. A shot from 
the enemy shattered his arm. The regiment being out of 
ammunition, fell back, covered by fresh troops, and took po- 
sition with the Eleventh Indiana, whose young and gallant 
Colonel had fallen severely wounded. Colonel Spicely took 
command of both regiments, replenished their cartridge 
boxes, and again moved to the front. McPherson's corps ar- 
rived, and fiercely charging the rebel right, forced him to a 
disorderly retreat. 

Fresh troops rapidly pursued. The command of Colonel 
Spicely halted on the field of battle, and quietly rested after 
the victory they had so nobly won. For three hours the men 
of the Twenty-Fourth had been engaged in constant battle; 



224 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

they tired one liniidrcd rounds each, and used the cartridges 
from the boxes of tlieir fallen comrades. Half its effective 
force was disabled. Captain Felix G. Wellman, Lieutenant 
Jesse L. Cain, Lieutenant Ballwin, Assistant Surgeon T. M. C, 
Williams, Sergeant Dclamater and J. W. Overton, with 
twenty-seven non-commissioned officers and men, were killed. 
Lieutenant Colonel Barton, Lieutenant Samuel Smith, Fred. 
Butler and IL IL Lee, were severely wounded. Of four hun- 
dred and eighty-five men who went into battle, onlj- two hun- 
dred and eighty-three escaped the fire of the enemy. 

General McGinnis' brigade halted on the field, and was de- 
tailed to bury the dead and care for the wounded. Tenderly 
were these duties performed. 

On the nineteenth, the regiment marched to Black river 
bridge. Here our victorious army, following up the victory 
of Champion's Hill, had charged the rebel rear guard, de- 
feated it, and, crossing the Black river, driven tlie rebel Gen- 
eral Pemberton's arm\ into the trenches at Yicksburg. On 
the twenty-first, the brigade of General McGinnis crossed 
the Big Black river, and marched to the supporting line of 
the Union army, then encircling Vicksburg. On the twenty- 
second, the regiment moved to the front, and was placed in a 
ravine near the rebel works. An assault was made during 
that day on the enemy's works, but our forces were repulsed 
with much loss. 

The regiment intrenched in the ravine, and, gradually ad- 
vancing, protected by ti-enches, reached a position where its 
sharp-shooters were able to pick off' the rebel gunners, ren- 
dering his artillery useless. On the twenty-sixth, the regi- 
ment acted as a su}>})ort to heavy artillery until the guns were 
placed in position, and next day returned to the trenches. 

Our army, skirmishing by da}', and digging b\' night, tight- 
ened its grasp on the foe. On July third, a fiag of truce from 
the enemy asked a cessation of hostilities. 

Then the heroes, who so long had listened to the familiar 
sound of musketry, and the roar of artillery, lea[>ed from 
their trenches and rifle-pits, and filled the echoing clitfs with 
their glad shouts. On the fourth of July, Vicksburg, to- 
gether with the arm}' of General Bemberton, was surren- 
dered. 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 225 

General Ilovey's division was not permitted to enter the 
city. General McGinnis — the gallant leader of the First 
brigade of Hovey's division, who had been in every march, 
and battle, and hardship, for sixty-three days — received leave 
of absence, to visit his home. His position was filled b}" the 
cool, determined, and brave Colonel W. T. Spicely, of the 
Twenty-Fourth. The war-worn veterans of the First brigade 
— comprising the Eleventh, Twenty-Fourth, Thirty-Fourth, 
and Forty-Sixth Indiana, and Twenty-lS'inth AVisconsin, de- 
sired no better leaders than the soldier McGinnis, and the 
gallant Spicel}'. 

On the morning of the fifth, the brigade moved toward 
Big Black river bridge, where it arrived the next night and 
bivouacked. The next morning the troops crossed Big Black 
river, and, with parched throats and blistered feet, marched 
rapidly forward. At dark they reached Bolton, where they 
bivouacked. The following morning the march was resumed 
and the brigade reached Clinton and halted. The next day, 
it arrived within two miles of Jackson, where it halted and 
bivouacked. On the eleventh the brigade took position in 
the line of investment of Jackson. 

As it moved into position, General Ilovey selected the 
Twenty-Fourth to accompany him and stafi' on a reconnois- 
sauce. Under command of Major Grill, the regiment formed 
in line, and advanced through the woods, two companies be- 
ing thrown out as skirmishers. The rebel pickets, on the 
Ba^-mond road, were encountered and driven two miles. The 
regiment then rejoined the brigade, which, advancing rap- 
idly, through field and thicket, drove the enemy beyond the 
New Orleans and Great Western railroad. The brigade then 
bivouacked. The next day, the advance was resumed, with 
the Twenty-Fourth and Thirty-Fourth in reserve. By heavy 
skirmishing the enemy was driven into his works, which our 
lines closely invested, and heav}^ picket firing closed the day. 

On the thirteenth, the Twenty-Fourth was moved to the 
front, where it skirmished all day. It remained on this ad- 
vanced line until the morning of the seventeenth, when it 
was ascertained that the enemy had evacuated Jackson, dur- 
ing the night previous. The Union troops entered Jackson 
Vol. XL— 15 



220 llEGIMENTAL UISTOIIY. 

and destroyc'il tlie place. Several days were occupied in de- 
stroyiiiij^ the railroads diverging from Jackson. 

On the twenty-lirst, the regiment niarclied for Yicksburg, 
arriving there on the twenty-third, much reduced in numbers, 
many of the men having fallen from fatigue on the march. 
It remained in camp until August fifth. Then embarked on 
a steamboat, and, sailing down the Mississippi, arrived at 
Carrolton, six miles above New Orleans, on the thirteenth. 

At Carrollton, a well supplied market furnished every 
necessary and luxury, at reasonable rates, and the men, liav- 
iug the appetites of veterans, lived like epicures. The duties 
•were light, and the city furnished sufficient amusement. This 
pleasant interval was broken on the twelfth of September, 
by orders to march. 

On that day the regiment crossed the Mississipi)i, landed at 
Algiers, and took the cars for Brashaer City, on arriving 
there camped, and built quarters, which the men thatched 
with palm leaves. They left these cosy quarters, on the 
twenty-eighth, and, crossing Berwick Bay, camped in a small 
village of the same name, and waited for the rest of the 
Thirteenth corps to arrive. The regiment was now connected 
with General Franklin's Teche expedition, whose object was 
to rescue that fertile garden of Louisiana from rebel sway. 
This country was a great source of supply to the rebel army 
in the Trans-Mississippi department. 

On the third of October, the regiment marched to Frank- 
lin, overtaking and passing the Nineteenth corps at New 
Iberia. The route was through a rich countr}'-, the roads 
were lined with orange groves, and the plantations luxuriant 
with fields of the waving sugar cane. At New Iberia, Colo- 
nel Cameron, of the Twenty-Fourth Indiana, received his 
commission as Brigadier General, and assumed command 
of the brigade, and Colonel Spicely returned to the Twenty- 
Fourth. Resuming the march the regiment reached Vermil- 
lion bayou, where it remained five days. On the fifteenth, 
the march was again resumed, and, at a late hour that night, 
the regiment halted within ten miles of Opelousas. The 
regiment remained at tliis camp four days, having occasional 
skirmishes with a small rebel force. 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 227 

On the twenty-third, the Thirteenth corps advanced, and 
driving a small rebel force, marched eight miles beyond Ope- 
lousas, to Barr's Landing, on Bayou Thibaux. This position 
was held until the thirtieth, when the army fell back. On 
the first of ISTovember, our forces occupied the same position 
they held on the twentieth of October. 

General Burbridge, in command of a small brigade, was 
stationed several miles in advance of the main army, to check 
the small force which had annoyed our march. On the third 
of ISTovember, the enem}^, under command of General Green, 
made an attack on this detached brigade, with a largely su- 
perior force, and, after a short and severe engagement, routed 
General Burbridge, and took most of his command prisoners. 
General McGinnis, hearing the musketry, moved quickly to 
the rescue, and, falling on the exultant enemy, drove him 
from the field, and recaptured the Federal camps. The regi- 
ment bivouacked on the battle field that night, and the next 
day fell back to Vermillionville, where it remained eleven 
days. Then marched through Iberia and Franklin to Bra- 
shaer City, from thence it was conveyed by rail to Algiers. 

jSTo incident of importance occurred until the regiment re- 
enlisted as veterans. It was the first regiment in the Depart- 
ment of the Gulf which re-enlisted. The Twenty-Fourth 
then left for Indianapolis. On arriving there it was fur- 
loughed for thirty days, at the expiration of which time it re- 
ported at Vincennes and was sent to Evansville. After re- 
maining there three weeks, it embarked on a steamboat, and, 
sailing down the Ohio and Mississippi, landed at Baton 
Ivouge. Here it remained six months. Its soldierlike con- 
duct during this stay, won for it the warm friendship of the 
people. Soldiering at Baton Rouge was the poetry of war. 
The members of the regiment will ever remember the many 
happy days passed in that pleasant village. In the fall the 
regiment moved to Morganza Bend, where it went into camp, 
and remained several months, protecting the navigation of 
the Mississippi. 



228 KJiGlMENTAL HISTORY/ 

CONSOLIDATION. 

In December, 1864, t.lie Twenty-Fourth was consorKlated 
•with tlie Sixty-Seventh Indiana, the united regiments being 
known as the Twenty-Fourth. The organization of the 
regiment was reduced to live companies, forming the left 
wing, while tlie same number of companies from the Sixty- 
Seventh composed the right wing of tlie regiment. Colonel 
Spicely retained command of the regiment. Major Sears, of 
the Sixty-Seventh, was appointed Lieutenant Colonel, and 
Captain Kelley, of the Sixty-Seventh, Major. This organ- 
ization increased the rank and file to eight hundred and fifty. 
Soon after its consolidation the regiment embarked for New 
Orleans, and, on arriving there, joined the expedition of Gen- 
eral Canby, against Mobile. 

In January, 18G5, the regiment embarked on an ocean 
steamer, and, sailing down the Mississippi, entered the Gulf 
of Mexico, and landed at Dauphin Island. From thence it 
sailed to Baraucas, Florida, and, on landing, were brigaded 
with the Sixty-Ninth Indiana, and Seventy-Sixth and Ninety- 
Seventh Illinois, designated as the Second brigade. Second 
division. Thirteenth army corps. Colonel Spicely assumed 
command of the brigade, Lieutenant Colonel Sears of the 
regiment. The brigade was then detached to join General 
Steele's column, at Pensacola, which was preparing to move 
through Florida and Alabama, with the purpose of diverting 
the attention of the enemy, while General Canby moved, 
with the Thirteenth and Sixteenth corps, on the defences of 
Mobile. 

On the twentieth of March, the regiment left Pensacola, 
and, after a severe march of eleven days, through swamps 
and bayous, reached the Tensas river, a short distance above 
Blakely. Moving rapidly forward, General Steele's column 
struck the Mobile and Montgomery railroad, at Pollard, de- 
stroying it so efiectually as to prevent reinforcements, and 
then, turning west, marched rapidly for Blakely, and joined 
the troops besieging that place. 

On the second of April, Colonel Spicely's brigade took 
position in the line of troops besieging Blakely, and, the 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 229 

Twenty-Fourth, being in the front line, had much active ser- 
vice. The usual approaches were made by parallels, and 
warm skirmishing was constant. Our sharp-shooters pro- 
tected themselves with logs, which they slowly rolled before 
them. On the eighth, Spanish Fort was evacuated by the 
rebels. This left Blakely the only defence of Mobile. It 
was at once decided to carry these works by assault. 

Colonel Spicely formed his brigade, with the Sixty-JSTinth 
Indiana and ISTinty-Seventh Illinois in front, and the Twenty- 
Fourth Indiana and Seventy-Sixth Illinois in the supporting 
column. The range of the rebel guns was so short that the 
supporting line was equally exposed with the front. 

As the order to charge was given, the brigade arose, and, 
with a rush and cheer, scaled the rebel works. The fighting 
on the parapets was brief but desperate, for the Union troops, 
swarming in, compelled surrender. The regiment lost thirty 
in killed and wounded. Thus ended its last, glorious battle 
in the Department of the Gulf, 

Soon after the capture of Blakely the regiment marched to 
Stark's Landing, where it remained until the twentieth of 
April. It then embarked on a transport, and dropped down 
the river to Mobile, which had surrendered after the fall of 
Spanish Fort and capture of Blakely. 

On the twenty-second, the regiment sailed up the Alabama 
river, with a fleet, under command of General Steele. ISTo 
resistance was encountered, and the regiment landed at Selma 
on the twenty-seventh. Here our troops heard the glad tid- 
ings of peace. The regiment went into camp in a beautiful 
grove near Selma, and passed tw^o happy weeks. There was 
no anxiety respecting the next battle; no work on defences; 
no guard duty; no hard marches, or short rations, to be en- 
dured. All spoke of home and the prospect of reaching 
that beloved spot. 

On the twelfth of May the regiment embarked on a steamer 
and sailed to Mobile, where it landed and encamped in pine 
woods, remaining there three weeks. It then marched to 
Mobile and camped on Broad street, until the first of July, 
when it embarked for Texas. After a disagreeable voyage 
of ten days, it landed at Galveston. Soon after its arrival, 



230 REGIMENTAL IIISTOKY. 

the members ot the Sixty-Seveiitli were mustered out and 
sailed for home. Colonel Spicely having been mustered out 
with the Sixty-Seventh, Captuin Pollard was commissioned 
Lieutenant Colonel of the Twenty-Fourth. 

The regiment arrived at Indianapolis on the fourth of Au- 
gust, and were cordially welcomed by the citizens at a public 
reception in the State House Park. Appropriate addresses 
were delivered by Lieutenant Governor Conrad Baker, Gen- 
eral A. P. Hovey, and others. The returning officers and men 
made an aggregate of three hundred and ten. 

The battalion still remaining in service was composed of 
the veterans of the Twenty-Fourth, and such recruits for that 
and the Sixty-Seventh regiment as were retained in service 
because of the non-expiration of the term of their enlistment. 
The batallion was still, (November, 1865), statio4ied at Gal- 
veston, Texas. 




^ATTDf^AW ^r 



BIOGMPIIICAL SKETCH. 



CPIAPTER V. 



GENERAL NATHAN KIMBALL. 



Immediately after the fall of Fort Sumter, the subject of 
this sketch, Brigadier General Nathan Kimball, commenced 
to recruit a company of volunteers in Martin county, Indiana, 
— the place of his residence, — and in three days succeeded in 
filling it to the maximum number. As soon as the Company 
was organized, he was elected Captain, and shortly thereafter 
commissioned b}' Governor Morton. The Company was as- 
signed to the Fourteenth Indiana Volunteer Infantry, then 
organizing. During the first week of the following May, Cap- 
tain Kimball went with his command into a camp of instruc- 
tion then rendezvousing at Terre Haute, Indiana, and on the 
twenty-second of the same month was appointed and commis- 
sioned Colonel of the regiment. On the seventh of June, 1861, 
the regiment was mustered into the United States service by 
Colonel T. J. Wood, of the United States Army. 

Remaining in camp at Terre Haute until about the twenty- 
fifth, the Colonel, with his command, proceeded to Indian- 
apolis, under orders, for the purpose of arming and equipping, 
after which he was ordered to report, with his regiment, to 
General McClellan, in Western Virginia. In obedience to this 
order, he left Indianapolis on the fifth of July, 1861, and joined 
the army before Rich Mountain on the eleventh day of the 
same month. The regiment at this time numbered over one 

^231) 



232 UIOUllAPUICAL SKETCH. 

thoiisundj^flicers and men. It was at once assigned to the 
brigiulo coMinuinded by Bi'igiulier Geiienil Schleigh, and. 
formed ii part of the reserves at the battle of liioh Mountain 
on the twelfth of the same month. On the sixteenth Colonel 
Kimball took possession of the summit of Cheat Mountain, 
and encamped, with his regiment, where he was joined by the 
Twenty-Fourth, Twenty-Fifth and Thirty-Second regiments 
Ohio infantry, and Drum's (Virginia) battery. lie was placed 
in command of these troops by Brigadier General Joseph J. 
Reynolds, and they formed a part of the Cheat Mountain 
Division commanded by that officer. On the twelfth of Sep- 
tember, Colonel Kimball's brigade was attacked by a rebel 
force under General Robert E. Lee, consisting of the brigades 
of Anderson, Talaferio and Jackson, who were repulsed with 
severe loss. Another attack was made on the following day 
with the same results, and on the fourteenth the rebels with- 
drew. 

Colonel Kimball's command formed a part of the recon- 
noissance in force to Greenbriar river, under General Rey- 
nolds, October fourth, 1861. Upon the completion of the 
reconnoissance. Brigadier General Milroy was placed in com- 
mand of the troops Colonel Kimball had commanded, and the 
Colonel was shortly afterward ordered to lluttonsville with 
his regiment, and still later to Phillippi, where it remained 
until the last week of December. Returning from a leave of 
absence the Colonel rejoined his command at Romney, on the 
fifth of January, 1862, the regiment, in his absence, having 
been assigned to the command of Brigadier General Lander, 
and on the eleventh was ordered to Patterson's creek, where 
he was placed in command, of all the troops at that point, and 
at North Branch Bridge. All these troops were moved to 
Paw-Paw tunnel about the first of February, and the Colonel 
was there assigned to the command of a brigade in Lander's 
division, f^onsisting of tiie Fourteenth Indiana, Fourth, Eighth 
and Sixty-Seventh Ohio, Seventh Virginia and Eighty-Fourth 
Pennsylvania Volunteer Infiintry. 

During the first week of March, the brigade, — excepting 
the Seventh Virginia, — moved from Paw-Paw Tunnel to 
I^Iartinsburcr, and on the ninth instant Colonel Kimball was 



GENEPaL NATHAN KIMBALL. 233 

ordered to report to General Hamilton, and was with Lira at 
the occupation of Winchester. 

,In the attack of Stonewall Jackson upon "Winchester, on 
the afternoon of the twenty-second of March, Colonel Kim- 
ball checked his advance guard under Ashley, two miles south 
of the town, and drove him back beyond Xernstown. During 
the skirmish, General Shields having had his arm broken by 
a shell, Colonel Kimball was placed in command of his 
(Shield's) division, which was the only one left at Winchester. 

Believing the enemy to be in strong force. Colonel Kimball 
posted his own and Colonel Sullivan's brigades in an advan- 
tageous position overlooking Kernstown, keeping the brigade 
commanded by Colonel Tyler in reserve, behind a range of 
low hills. The artillery was posted upon a hill in the centre, 
and commanded the plain to the left in front, and the valley 
and rano^e of hills on the risrht. 

About nine o'clock on the morning of the twenty-third the 
enemy commenced manouvering troops in full view on his 
left, and at one o'clock made a spirited attack, being repulsed 
and driv^en back to his position; during the rest of the fore- 
noon, and until two o'clock in the afternoon, he kept up the 
appearance of an attack on the left and centre, evidently de- 
signing to draw the Colonel from his position. About eleven 
o'clock in the forenoon, and again at two o'clock in the after- 
noon. General Shields ordered him to go forward and fight 
the enem}', assuring him that his force was superior to theirs 
in number ; but so confident was the Colonel that the enemy 
had not yet exhibited their real strength, and that it was their 
purpose to draw him from his position, cut him ofi:' from his 
base, and capture his command, that he disobeyed his orders, 
and remained on the defensive, still keeping Tyler's brigade 
entirely out of sight. His conclusion was correct, for about 
two o'clock, P. M., the action on the left ceased, and it was dis- 
covered that the enemy had massed a large force on the right, 
and was moving forward in the woods on a range of hills run- 
ning at right angles with the line of battle. Tyler's brigade 
was at once ordered forward, and met the enemy directly op- 
posite the right flank. For a short time the conflict was des- 
perate. Tyler was overpowered, and commenced falling back. 



234 BIOGRAPHICAL SKKTCII. 

The enemy had, by this time, trot u battery in action on the 
hill, entihuling tlio rii^ht of our position. Colonel Kimball 
sent three regiments across the valley, in the face of the bat- 
tery, to strike the enemy on the ilank, which succeeded iu 
Cttpturing two guns, and in cliecking the pursuit of Tyler un- 
till he could reform his line. The contest was without appa- 
rent advantage on either si.de until near four o'clock. The 
Thirteenth and Fourteenth Indiana, and seven companies of 
the Sixty-Seventh Ohio were now ordered to move across the 
valley and charge the enemy's flank. This was done with 
such fury as to break his lines, and when the day closed, he 
bad been driven back three miles, and his entire force was in 
full retreat. Pursuit w^as continued at daylight. 

Major General Banks took command at "Winchester on the 
twcnty-foarth of March, and Colonel Kimball remained in 
command of General Shields' division until tlie thirtieth of 
April, when General Shields, having recovered, returned. 
Colonel Kimball resumed command of his brigade. On the 
twenty-sixth of April he received an appointment as Briga- 
dier General of Volunteers, with orders to report to General 
Banks for assignment to duty. General Banks ordered him 
to report to General Shields, by whom he was continued in 
command of his own brigade in that General's division. 

During the months of March and April, and until the 
twelfth of May, the troops under his command formed a part 
of the Army of the Shenandoah, commanded by General 
Banks, and were employed in driving Jackson's array beyond 
Harrisonburg, and occupying the Shenandoah valley. The 
General's staff was organized as follows: Captain E. D. Ma- 
son, Sixty-Seventh Ohio Volunteers, A. A. A. G. ; Lieutenant 
J. R Swigart, Adjutant Eighth Ohio Volunteers, A. A. D. C; 
Lieutenant C. T. Buntin, li. Q. M. Fourteenth Indiana Vol- 
unteers, A. A. Q. M. ; Lieutenant T. II. Collins, R. Q. M. Thir- 
teenth Indiana Volunteers, A. C. S. 

General Shields having been ordered to join General 
McDowell with his division. General Kimball left camp near 
New Market on the twelfth of May with his brigade, reaching 
Fredericksburg on the afternoon of the twentieth, and going 
into camp near Falmouth. Here he was appointed a member 



GENEKAL NATUAN KIMBALL. 235 

of a Board of Examination to report upon the character and 
qualifications of such officers as miglit be brought before it. 
The General did not serve on the Board, however, as infor- 
mation was received the same evening of Banks' retreat down 
the Shenandoah, and of the evacuation of Thoroughfare Gap 
by General Geary. Shield's division was ordered to be ready 
to march at a moments' notice, and on the morning of the 
twenty-fourth General Kimball, with his brigade, left Fal- 
mouth in advance, reaching Manassas Junction at noon on 
the twenty-sixth. 

On the afternoon of the twenty-ninth General Shields 
ordered General Kimball's brigade to Front Royal, to attack 
and retake the place. Here he attacked and routed the enemy, 
pursuing him beyond the Shenandoah, taking one hundred 
and five prisoners, and recapturing three officers and seven- 
teen privates — prisoners in the hands of the enemy. Before 
leaving the place the enemy fired the railroad buildings and a 
train of cars loaded with stores and forage. The latter was 
saved. General Kimball's loss was eight killed, seven woun- 
ded and one missing. At five o'clock General Shields, and 
the brigade which was to have supported him, came up. 

On the morning of the first of June, heavy firing was heard 
in the direction of Strasburg and Cedar Creek Bridge, and 
the smoke of an engagement could be distinctly seen from the 
hills upon which a part of the General's command was en- 
camped. General Shields at once ordered him to move out 
on the Winchester turnpike, but, after proceeding six miles 
the order was countermanded, and he returned to Front 
Royal. 

During the day Ord's division arrived, and General Shields 
took up the line of march up the valley of the south fork 
of the Shenandoah. The sound of cannon on the west 
side of the Massannutten mountains continued until they 
reached Luray. The swollen condition of the Shenandoah, 
owing to late heavy rains, made it impossible to cross the 
river. At Luray an aid-de-camp from General Fremont came 
into camp and reported Jackson in full retreat up the valley, 
and it was thought that he was endeavoring to reach the 
bridge across the Shenandoah at Port Republic. General 



230 uiu(;kai'I1I(.'al .sketch. 

Shields ordered (loiieral Jviiuhall to cross the inouiitaiii and 
oeeu[»3' Staiiardsvillo. The Second brigade (Terry's) was or- 
dered to Cuhiiiibia Jiridge, and Tyler's and Carroll's to Port 
lieiiublie. 

On the evening of the ninth, while on the march ibr Staa- 
ardsville, General Kimball received information of the defeat 
of Tyler and Carroll, with orders to march with all speed to 
their assistance. lie met and covered their retreat at ten 
o'clock next da}', having marched thirty-two miles without 
rest. The same day he was ordered to march for Luray, 
which place was reached on the afternoon of the twelfth. 
On the following week it was marched to Front Royal and 
furnished with all necessary supplies, which were much need- 
ed, many of the men being barefoot and nearly naked. 

Orders having been received for tlie brigade to reinforce the 
Army of the Potomac, it was transported by rail to Alexan- 
dria, Virginia, on the twenty-seventh, and from thence down 
the Potomac to Harrison's Landing, where it disembarked on 
the second of July, and was put on picket duty on the front 
towards Malvern Hill. 

On the morning of the third, General Kimball was ordered 
out on the Charles City road to dislodge a portion of Stone- 
wall Jackson's force, which had [)lanted a battery command- 
ing McClellan's camp at Harrison's Landing. After a brisk 
engagement, with a loss of but three killed and seventeen 
wounded, he succeeded in occupying the enemy's ground, and 
during the night threw up log breast-works in the edge of the 
woods, with the enemy's pickets within a hundred yards of 
his own. At daylight he sent one-fourth of his command to 
act as pickets and skirmishers in case his line was attacked. 
At ten o'clock, a. m., the enemy made an attempt to drive in 
his pickets, but was repulsed with severe loss. The brigade 
was that day (fourth of July) attached to Smith's Division, 
Sixth Provisional Army Corps, commanded by General 
Franklin, and so remained until the fifteenth instant, when it 
was assigned as an independent brigade to the Second Army 
Corps, commanded by Major General E. V. Sumner. 

After the evacuation of Harrison's Landing by the army, 



GENERAL NATHAN KIMBALL. 237 

General Kiniball's brigade marched to I^ewport ISTews, and 
then embarke-d for Alexandria, where it went into camp. 

Passing over some unimportant movements we find General 
Kimball, with his command transferred on the eighth of Sep- 
tember, and designated as First Brigade, Third Division, 
Second Array Corps, commanded by Brigadier General Wm. 
H. French, the One Hundred and Thirty-Second Pennsylva- 
nia — nine months regiment — having been assigned to it. 

Early on the morning of the seventeenth, General Kimball's 
force forded Antietam creek near Red^'sville, and formed in 
the third line of battle on the left of Sedgwick's division to 
take part in the battle of Antietam. At eight o'clock he was 
ordered forward and advanced to the hills on the Pomlette 
farm, where the line of battle was first formed by the Third, 
and afterwards by the Second brigade of French's division. 
Here he took position and held the point without support, 
until half-past twelve, repulsing the enemy several times. At 
half-past ten the ammunition gave out, and during the rest of 
the fight supplies w^ere obtained from the dead and wounded. 
The ditch, since become so celebrated for the number of the 
enemy's dead and wounded found in it, was in front of Gen- 
eral Kimball's right wing, and was enfiladed by a part of his 
left. The troops were for four hours exposed to an uninter- 
rupted fire of musketry, and of the thirteen hundred and fifty- 
six men who went with the General into the battle, six hun- 
dred and thirty-nine were killed or wounded. 

On the first of October General Kimball, by command of 
General Sumner, made a reconnoissance to Leesburg with his 
brigade, the Sixth United States Cavalry, with four three-inch 
rifle guns, and Frank's Q^ew York) battery of light twelve- 
pounders. Passing through Lavetteville and Waterford, he 
encamped at night near the Kittocten mountains, on the Lees- 
burg and Winchester turnpike, and at daylight entered the 
towm and captured and paroled one hundred and twenty-two 
prisoners. 

Passing over the long march along the Blue Pidge, and the 
occupation of several unimportant towns, we find General 
Kimball, on the morning of the twelfth of December, crossing 
the pontoon bridge at Fredericksburg, Maryland, where he 

\ 



238 LiuuiiAriucAL sketch. 

occupied a part of Carolina street during the attcriioou aii(J 
following nigiit. At ten o'clock the next morning, the First 
Kegiment Delaware Volunteers reported to him, and he was 
ordered to lead his command in advance on the enemy's works 
in rear of the town. About twelve o'clock the command was 
formed in line of battle. The skirmishers soon cleared the 
plain between the General and the enemy, and he moved rap- 
idly to the top of a slight elevation which had partially cov- 
ered his position, when a terrific fire of grape and canister 
was poured into his troops from the works in front. While 
going forward across the open [)lain, he was so severely woun- 
ded by a rilie ball in his right thigh, as to make it necessary 
for him to be carried off the field. 

Leave of absence for sixty days on account of wounds was 
granted him, w^hich was afterwards extended ten days, at the 
expiration of which time he proceeded to Vicksburg, and re- 
ported to General Grant on the nineteenth of March, 1863. 
He was ordered by General Grant to report for assignment to 
duty to Major General S. A. Ilurlbut, at Memphis, which he 
did in person on the twenty-fourth, and was ordered to relieve 
Brigadier General Jer. Sullivan, commanding district of Jack- 
son. The troops in the district were organized into a division, 
designated as the Third Division, Sixteenth Army Corps, and 
divided into three brigades. 

On the twenty-ninth of May he received orders from Gen- 
eral Ilurlbut to report at Memphis with the First and Second 
brigades of his division, at which place he was ordered to re- 
port to General Grant at Vicksburg, after having four regi- 
ments of the Sixteenth Army Corps added to his command. 
With these as a Third brigade, he left Memphis on the first 
of June. Tiie division thus formed was designated "Kim- 
ball's Provisional Division," by order of General Ilurlbut. 
Upon reporting to General Grant he was ordered to proceed 
with one brigade np the Yazoo river as far as Satartia, towards 
which place General Mower had just started with his brigade 
by boat. Here he found General Mower disembarking. He 
also disembarked, and assuming command, immediately start- 
ed for Mechanicsburg, where he met and attacked a force of 
the enemy, routing him with inferior nunil)er3. On the morn- 



GENERAL NATHAN KIMBALL. 239 

ing- of the fifth he received dispatches from General Grant, 
warning him of the danger of being cut off from the main 
body of the armj^ ; and in the evening another directing him, 
in case he was threatened, to fall back to Oak Ridge or Haines' 
Bluff. Meantime, a small body of cavalry reported to him by 
land from Vicksburg. On the evening of the fifth, the enemy 
planted a battery commanding his camp, and opened upon it, 
but were s-oon compelled to retreat. During the night his 
scouts brought in reports that a body of from six to ten thou- 
sand of the enemy's cavalry were between Yazoo City and 
Black river, and he received another dispatch from General 
Grant cautioning him about being cut off from the main body 
of the army. Early on the morning of the sixth he deter- 
mined to fall back. Finding no water at Oak liidge, he fell 
back to Haines' Bluff", and there remained, forming the ex- 
treme left of the outer line during the siege of Vicksburg. 

During the last week of July he received orders to report 
with his command at Helena, Arkansas, and did so on the 
first of August. On the fourth he was relieved of command, 
and ordered to report to General Hurlbut at Memphis, where 
he received leave of absence for twenty days on account of 
sickness. Upon the expiration of his leave of absence, he 
reported, according to orders, to Major General Steele, com- 
manding the Arkansas expedition, and was by him assigned 
to the command of his old division, then a part of the army 
at Little Rock, On the thirtieth he was again relieved from 
command, and ordered to report to the commander-in-chief 
at Washington for special duty. He remained at Washing- 
ton until the fifth of January, 1864, when he was ordered to 
report back to Major General Steele, at Little Rock, where 
he took charge of the registering of loyal citizens preparatory 
to reorganizing the State government. On the twelfth of the 
same montli he relieved Brigadier General E. A. Carr of the 
command of the Second Division, Seventh Army Corps, de- 
partment of Arkansas — his old division — and performed both 
the civil and military duties incumbent upon his new posi- 
tion. 

On the twenty-third of March he assumed command of all 
the troops along and north of the line of the Arkansas river 



)iHJ BIOORArillCAL SKETCH. 

in the Seventh Army Corps, Department of Arkansas, in ohe- 
dience to General Order No. 24, dated " Head-quarters, De- 
partment of Arkansas, Little Rock. Arkansas, March twenty- 
second, 18G4." 

Such is a hricf outline of the public services of one of Indi- 
ana's noblest sons, during a rebellion which threatened tlie 
very life of the nation. A lawyer by profession, lie left his 
office and his books for the tented field and the sword, and 
well did he wield it for his country's good. 




'ig ? V A.H.?itco')-«'- 



Gen. lewis wall AC L 



REGIMENTAL HISTOM. 



CHAPTER VI. 

ELEVENTH REGIMENT. 

In June, 1861, prior to tlie expiration of its terra of enlist- 
ment for three months, Colonel Wallace received authority 
to recruit and reorganize the Eleventh, for three years' ser- 
vice. He detailed officers to proceed to Indiana, who, taking 
advantage of the popular excitement, had nearly a sufficient 
number of recruits collected at Camp Morton, Indianapolis, 
to complete its organization when the regiment returned from 
the three mouths' campaign. 

On the fourth of August the regiment was mustered out of 
the three months service ; the next day the officers were mus- 
tered in for three years, or during the war, and immediately 
began the work of disciplining, drilling, and transforming the 
citizens into soldiers. 

In its reorganization, the old officers, except those who had 
been promoted and transferred to other regiments, were re- 
tained. The changes left the roster as follows : 

Field and Staff Officers, — Colonel, Lewis "Wallace, Craw- 
fordsville ; Lieutenant Colonel, George F. McGinnis, Indian- 
apolis ; Major, William J. H. Eobinson, Indianapolis ; Ad- 
jutant, Daniel Macauley, Indianapolis ; Regimental Quarter 
Master, Joseph P. Pope, Indianapolis; Surgeon, Thomas W. 
Fr}^, Jr., Crawfordsville ; Assistant Surgeon, John C. Thomp- 
son, Terre Haute; Chaplain, Ilcnry B. Hibben, Bloomington. 
Vol. II.— 16. (241) 



242 REGIMENTAL IIISTOIIY. 

Company A. — Captain, George Butler, Indianapolis; First 
Lieutenant, Joseph II. Livsey, Indianapolis; Second Lieu- 
tenant, David B. Hay, Indianapolis. 

Company B. — Captain, Charles W. Lyman, Indianapolis; 
First Lieutenant, Daniel B. Culley, Indianapolis; Second 
Lieutenant, James V. Troth, Indianapolis. 

Company C. — Captain, Jesse E. Ilamill, Terre Haute; First 
Lieutenant, Francis 6. Scott, Terre Haute; Second Lieuteu- 
ant, Henry McMullin, Terre Haute. 

Company D. — Captain, Jabez Smith, Terre Haute; First 
Lieutenant, John A. Bryan, Crawfordsville; Second Lieu- 
tenant, John E. Wilkins, Terre Haute. 

Company E. — Captain, Dewitt C. Rugg, Indianapolis; 
First Lieutenant, Henry Tindall, Indianapolis; Second Lieu- 
tenant, Nicholas Ruckle, Indianapolis. 

Comjmny F. — Captain, Edward T. Wallace, Tipton ; First 
Lieutenant, John L. Hanna, Indianapolis; Second Lieuten- 
ant, Robert A. King, Terre Haute. 

Company G. — Captain, Henry M. Carr, Crawfordsville; 
First Lieutenant, John F. Cavin, Crawfordsville; Second 
Lieutenant, Milton Clark, Thorntown. 

Company H. — Captain, Fred. Kneiler, Indianapolis; First 
Lieutenant, James R. Ross, Crawfordsville; Second Lieuten- 
ant, Samuel J. Wilson, Crawfordsville. 

Company I. — Captain, Isaac C. Elston, Crawfordsville; 
First Lieutenant, Thomas C. Persel, Crawfordsville; Second 
Lieutenant, Randolph Kellogg, Crawfordsville. 

Company K. — Captain, William W. Darnall, Indianapolis; 
First Lieutenant, Samuel A. Cramer, Indianapolis; Second 
Lieutenant, Theodore Wightman, Indianapolis. 

The regiment having been transferred from Camp Morton 
to AVallace Barracks, thence to Camp Robinson, during the 
month of August — was rigidly instructed in the school of the 
company and battalion, in skirmishing and Zouave exercises. 
Its efficiency drew large numbers of spectators to its daily 
drills. 

On the thirty-first of August, the regimental muster in was 
made by Lieutenant Colonel Thomas J. Woods, L^nited States 
Army. On the fourth of September, marching orders were 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 243 

received. Late in the afternoon of the fifth, the line was 
formed, and, bidding adieu to their beautiful camp, on the 
banks of White river, named "Camp Robinson," in honor 
of its worthy Major, the members of the regiment marched 
to the Terre Haute depot ; thence to the State House grounds, 
where it bivouacked. 

The next night the regiment left on cars for St. Louis. At 
every stopping place on its route, the regiment was greeted 
by the enthusiastic people. Arriving at St. Louis on the 
eighth, it marched through the streets of that city, and re- 
ported to General Fremont at Benton Barracks. The next 
day it was ordered to take steamboat and proceed to Padu- 
cah, Kentucky, then in possession of a small force of Federal 
troops, commanded by General C. F. Smith. Landing at 
Paducah, the regiment was assigned to the brigade of Gen- 
eral E. A. Paine, and went into camp. 

The enemy at that time was in force near Paducah, had 
fortified Columbus, and held the Tennessee river with Forts 
Henr}' and Heiman, and the Cumberland river with Fort 
Bonelson. There were only two brigades of Federal troops 
at Paducah, which place had few natural advantages for de- 
fence. Hence our little army was in a critical situation. By 
constant labor breastworks were thrown up around the city, 
the dense timber in front slashed, and forts and palisade de- 
fences constructed. 

In September, Colonel Lew. "Wallace received the appoint- 
ment of Brigadier General. Lieutenant Colonel George F. 
McGinnis was promoted to the Colonelcy, Major Robinson to 
the Lieutenant Colonelcy, and Captain Elston, Company I, 
to the Majority. General Wallace took from the regiment 
Captain Lyman, as Brigade Quartermaster; Doctor Fry, as 
Brigade Surgeon ; and Captain Fred. Knefler, as Assistant 
Adjutant General. John W. Ross was promoted Captain of 
Company I; Lieutenant Culley, Captain of Company A; 
Lieutenant Livsey, Captain of Company H ; Doctor Thomp- 
son, Surgeon ; and Doctor Clay Brown, Assistant Surgeon ; 
Sergeant John P. Megrew was appointed First Lieutenant of 
Company A. Shortly afterwards Captain H. M. Carr was 
transferred to the Fifty-Eighth Indiana as Lieutenant Colo- 



244 RECJIMKNTAI, IIISTOKV. 

iicl, and Cajitain Rngg appointed Major of the Forty-Eighth 
Indianii. Licuteiuiiit Nichohis K. Ruckle succeeded Captain 
Rugg, and Lieutenant John F. Cuven, Captain Carr. Second 
Lieutenant Chirkc was made First Lieutenant, vice Caven, 
and Sergeant Jesse Custer, appointed Second Lieutenant. 
First Lieutenant Tindall resigned, and Thomas W. Fry, Jr., 
was appointed in his phace, while Sergeant Leighty became 
Second Lieutenant, vice Ruckle promoted. Second Lieuten- 
ant AVilkins succeeded Lieutenant Livsey in Company A, and 
Sergeant S. S. Allison, Lieutenant Wilkins in Company D. 
Sergeant Major Fishbaek was discharged on account of phys- 
ical disability, and John W. Coons appointed from the ranks 
in his stead. 

The monotony of camp life was frequently broken by 
scouting expeditions. The regiment constantly improved in 
drill and discipline, until its parades were thronged by pleased 
spectators. 

In the early part of January, 18G2, General Grant, then in 
command of the district, at Cairo, ordered a reconnoissance 
from Paducah, in the direction of Fort Ilenr}-, The expedi- 
tion was commenced when the weather was cold, and the 
ground frozen. During the second day's march a thaw oc- 
curred, which was followed by steady rain. The roads be- 
came almost bottomless, yet the command pressed on, endur- 
ing cheerfully every hardship. 

At Murray our advance was met by a detachment consist- 
ing of two companies from the Twenty-Third, and two from 
the Eleventh Indiana, under command of Major Elston 
This party had proceeded up the Tennessee on a transport, 
disembarked, and, encountering two hundred rebels, drove 
them from their camp. 

The column soon reached Crown Point, on the Tennessee 
river, and halted for one day. At this point steamers met 
the expedition bringing provisions and a mail. Doctor Clay 
Brown, also, arrived from Indianapolis. A gunboat recon- 
noissauce was made, and shots were exchanged with Fort 
Henry. The expedition then returned to Paducah by another 
and better route, and the regiment, after an absence of eleven, 
days, reached its old camp. 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 245 

Oa the second of February, orders were received to be 
ready to move at a moment's notice. A fleet of gunboats 
hud anchored in the Ohio river. On the evening of the third, 
a fleet of transports, crowded with troops from Cairo, arrived. 
The next afternoon the principal part of General Smith's di- 
vision embarked. The following day the Eleventh accompa- 
nied a fleet of eighty steamers, up the Tennessee river. The 
landing was quietly efiected, four miles below Fort Henry. 

The Aleck Scott reached the landing at about nine 
o'clock p. M., and from its deck the soldiers looked with thril- 
ling emotion upon the grand army, stretching away as far as 
the eye could reach on either side. The gaily decorated 
steamers, the many-colored lamps, the long lines of tents, 
with their blazing camp fires, and all the materiel composing 
the "pomp and circumstance of war," formed a pageant new 
and novel to those who had so lately left the ofiice, the shop, 
or the farm for the tented field. 

CAPTURE OF FORTS IIEIMAN AND HENRY. 

At six o'clock on the morning of the sixth, the order to 
march came ; one day's rations in haversacks ; catridges, etc., 
indicating the certaintj- of portending battle. "Wallace's brig- 
ade — under General Smith — was ordered to attack Fort Hei- 
man, on the west bank of the river; a work on the hill 
opposite and commanding Fort Henry. The march was a 
difficult one owing to the recent overflow of the river, and 
the men were obliged to ford several bayous and creeks, con- 
taining ice, with their guns and ammunition held over their 
heads, and the water sometimes reaching their arm-pits. 

The gunboats were moving up slowly to the attack, and 
had commenced the cannonade — which resulted in an import- 
ant naval victory — when Smith's division sprang forward, 
within sight of the enemy's pickets. Captain Ruckle's com- 
pany was thrown forward as skirmishers. Major Elston, with 
three or four companies, took possession of a hill some distance 
to the right, occupied by a force of rebels, driving them before 
him on the "double quick." The entire line now moved for- 
ward, eager for victory, when the gunboats ceased firing. 



246 REGIMENTAL IIISTOUV. 

Fort Henry had surrendered, and Fort Ileimun was precip- 
itately evacuated by the rebels, as the galhint Eleventh, at the 
head of the column, dashed by the front. The colors of the 
Elevcntli were soon streaming IVom the very summit of the 
heights. The rebels left behind thom good winter barracks 
and large quantities of provisions, arms, hospital stores, etc. 

The night was ushered in by a heavy hail and rain storm 
which was all the more severe, as the knapsacks and baggage 
had been left on the steamer, and could not be obtained. That 
Fort Henry had falleii was a certainty, for the glorious stars 
and stripes were flaunting defiantly from the flag stafi". Gen- 
eral Smith was anxious for information, orders and supplies, 
but had not e"ven a small boat with which to communicate. 
A feed trough large enough to contain two persons was avail- 
able, but for any one to venture in such a vessel, on the rush- 
ing, swollen river, filled with floating drift-wood, seemed as 
hazardous as going to sea in a washtub. The General would 
order no soldier to turn sailor under such circumstances, but 
a member of his staff asked for volunteers. Lieutenant 
Harry McMullen, of the Eleventh, and Major McDonald, of 
the Eighth Missouri, at once responded, and to the astonish- 
ment and admiration of their comrades in arms, successfully 
crossed and recrossed, bringing the necessary information. 
By this time the exposure and bad water began to tell fear- 
fully upon the men, and the camp. dysentery became common. 
Dr. Thompson, and his faithful assistant. Dr. Clay Brown, 
■worked incessantly, and did all in their power; and yet the 
sick list fearfully increased. However, the recent victories, 
gained with so little loss, had Avonderfully elated the men, and 
they endured the sufferings of a winter campaign heroically. 

Meanwhile the rebel army had concentrated at Fort Don- 
elson, some twelve miles from Fort Henry, the key of the 
State of Tennessee, and without which the navigation of the 
Cumberland river would be of little avail. It soon became 
apparent that General Grant contemplated attacking that for- 
midable fort, and the oflScers and men, wearied of camp life^ 
and anxious for another victory, were eagerly waiting for the 
order to march. 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 247 

CAPTURE OP FORT DONELSON. 

General Grant had perfected his plans as early as the twelfth 
of February, and proceeded to move upon Donelson with his 
main army, leaving the troops at Forts Heiman and Henry 
under General Wallace. On the thirteenth, heavy firing was 
heard in the direction of Donelson, and rumors of " our troops 
being cut to pieces," "the gunboats all blown up," " General 
Grant killed," &c., were rife. The excitement in camp was in- 
tense, and the Eleventh began to have hopes that they w^ould 
yet take part in the engagement. 

The night of the thirteenth was very severe. The hail, 
sleet and piercing wind tore through the camp with terrific 
fury, and the tents were frozen stiff as boards. Shortly after 
one o'clock came the order to embark at once on the Aleck 
Scott, cross the river, and march to Donelson. "Turnout, 
men, turn out, we start for Donelson immediately," was the 
startling summons of the Adjutant. The drums beat the 
long roll, scarcely audible above the roar of the storm, and 
soon the preparations for the march were complete. 

The embarkation was a very difficult matter. The bottom 
was covered with water too deep to ford, and a raft bridge was 
constructed from the main bank to the boat. A section of 
Company A, Chicago Battery, was also to be embarked, and 
it was found necessar}'' to lift the horses on with spars, and 
the guns and caissons were taken apart before they could be 
managed at all. 

The battle ground was reached late in the afternoon of the 
fourteenth. All was bustle and confusion. The ambulances 
hurrying to and fro with their loads of suftering heroes — the 
erection of large field hospitals — troops manipulating — mes- 
sengers rushing hither and thither — the roar of artillery, soft- 
ened by the sharp reports of small arms, told plainly that a 
greater work than the taking of Fort Heiman was before the 
Union army. The Eleventh was immediately transferred 
from Wallace's brigade to Smitli's reserve. General Wallace 
being placed in command of a division of new troops. 

The battle being over for the day, the men cooked their 
supper, and bivouacked on the frozen ground, a fall of snow 



248 REGIMKNTAL lllSTuRV. 

during the night adding to tlicir discomfort. The reveille 
next morning was the rour of battle. Breakfast was hur- 
riedly eaten and the line formed. General McClernaud had 
been driven back from an important position, with consider- 
able loss, and several attempts to regain the lost ground had 
proved unsuccessful. The Eleventh, together with the Eighth 
Missouri, were placed in a brigade under command of Colo- 
nel Morgan L. Smith, and retransferred to General Wallace's 
command. They were held in reserve until about one o'clock, 
p. M., when they made a most gallant and desperate charge, 
retaking the position and holding it during the afternoon. 
The following official report of the part taken in this battle 
by the Eleventh, made immediately after by Colonel McGin- 
nis, will convey an accurate idea of the conduct of his brave 
men: 

"Head Quarters Eleventh Indiana Regiment, 

Fort Heiman, Ky., February 19th, 1862. 

Colonel Morgan L. Smith, 

Commanding Fifth Brigade, Gen. C. F. Smith's Division : 

Sir : I beg leave to make the following report of the op- 
erations of the Eleventh Indiana, under my command, in the 
battle of Fort Donelson, on the afternoon of the fifteenth 
instant : 

"At about one o'clock, p. m., the order was given to prepare 
for action. Our regiment was immediately formed in line of 
battle, under a heavy fire from the enemy, and advanced in 
good order to sustain the Eighth Missouri, which, being on 
the right, was the first engaged. As the enemy occupied a 
very advantageous position on a hill covered with thick un- 
dergrowth, which almost hid them from our view, I directed 
Captain N. R. Ruckle, of Company E, to deploy his company 
as skirmishers so as to cover our whole line, advance as rap- 
idly as the nature of the ground would permit, and find out 
the position of the enemy; and nobly was the duty performed. 

"Afer a few well directed rounds from our men, the enemy 
began to retire, and the Eleventh, gallantly supported by the 
Eighth Missouri, advanced rapidly, driving the enemy be- 
fore them, and soon occupied a position in advance of that 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 249 

from which a portion of our force had been compelled to re- 
tire in the morning, and within five hundred yards of the 
enemy's entrenchments, which we had been ordered positively 
not to attempt to carry. 

"We held that position under a heavy fire from the enemy's 
guns, until ordered to fall back and take position for the 
night. The night was the coldest of the season, but, being 
within eight hundred yards of the enemy's guns, we were not, 
of course, permitted to build fires, although greatly needed. 
All, however, submitted willingly and cheerfully, and without 
a word of complaint, expecting to meet the enemy in the 
morning. On the morning of the sixteenth we were again 
formed in line of battle, and advanced to within four hundred 
yards of the enemy's line, expecting every moment to be at- 
tacked, when we heard the glorious news tliat Fort Donelson 
had surrendered. 

" I cannot close this report without sincerely thanking every 
company ofiicer engaged in the action, for the gallant manner 
in which they performed their duties, and especially First 
Lieutenant John P. Megrew, of Company B, and John L. 
Hanna, of Company F, who, being the only commissioned 
officers with their respective companies, controlled them to 
my entire satisfaction. Lieutenant Colonel Robinson, Major 
Elston and Adjutant Macauley behaved with great gal- 
lantry, always at the post of greatest danger, encouraging all 
and cheering on to the conflict. To them I am indebted for 
valuable assistance. Second Lieutenant Henry McMullen, of 
Company C, while gallantly performing his duty, was dis- 
abled during the earl}^ part of the engagement, and compelled 
to retire from the field. Surgeon Thompson and Assistant 
Surgeon Brown are deserving of especial mention, for their 
unremitting attention to the wounded and dying, not only of 
our own command, but of all' others who came under their 
observation. They labored incessantly for twenty-four hours, 
attending to all that were brought to their notice, thereby 
setting an example that it would be well for other Suro-eons 
who could be mentioned to have imitated. 

Respectfully, GEORGE F. McGINMS, 

Colonel Eleventh Indiana.'" 



250 UElJIMENTAL lll.STOiri. 

The loss sustained by the Eleventh in this engagement was 
surprisingly small. Their Zouave tactics enabled them to 
drop suddenly and simultaneously on their faces during the 
heavy firing, and rise and rush forward when it lulled. 

The night previous to the surrender was one of great Buf- 
fering. The weather was extremely cold, and the overcoats 
and haversacks had been left in a pile where the line of bat- 
tle was first formed, and could not be obtained. The wounded 
suflered terribly, and the lack of hospital accommodations 
occasioned as much loss of life as did the rebel bullets. 

When the flag of truce arrived, and surrender was an- 
nounced, the cheering of the soldiers made the welkin ring, 
and then, with the Eleventh at the head of the column, (b}'' 
order of General Wallace,) the troops on the right marched 
in and took possession of the fort. Early on the morning of 
the seventeenth, Wallace's brigade was ordered to return in- 
stantly to Fort Ileiman, and the almost exhausted soldiers 
reached there the same evening. The sick list had fearfully 
increased, owing to the severity of the weather, exposure, 
bad water, and the miasmatic atmosphere arising from the 
swamps. There was a great scarcity of hospital and sanitary 
supplies, and the Qnartermaster's department, then hardly 
organized, issued inferior and insufiicient rations, W'hich added 
much to the growing ill health of the troops. Still, the brave 
hearts of the soldiers were full of courage and enthusiasm, 
and, gathered around their camp fires, they sang the songs of 
yore, and recalled the dear memories of "Home, sweet homo." 

Quartermaster Sergeant Greenfield having been discharged 
on account of disability, the genial George L. Peck was ap- 
pointed to succeed him, and a faithful and competent ofiicer 
he proved to be. 

On the twenty-seventh orders were received to prepare for 
amarch, w^ith light train — nothing but rations and blankets 
— and the sick and slightly w^onnded were sent to the General 
Hospital at Paducah. 

General Grant's fleet of transports, in conjunction with 
Commodore Foote's, of the Navy, had already assembled in 
the Tennessee river, and fresh troops were daily arriving from 
the States. The extraordinarv hio-h sta2:e of water rendered 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 251 

it impossible to embark at tlie fort, and, after several days 
delay, the regiment marched to Paris Landing, some twelve 
miles above, during a heavy snow storm, on the sixth of 
March. Here the Eleventh, together with the Eighth Mis- 
souri, a portion of a battery of light artillery, and a number 
of horses, mules and wagons, embarked on the steamer John 
J. Roe, which swung out into the stream and proceeded to 
the large railroad bridge, a few miles up the river, which had 
been designated as a general rendezvous. Here the entire 
fleet of one hundred and five transports, with its convoy of 
gunboats, assembled, and falling into line, steamed gaily up 
the river. The sun shone resplendent, glistening on the bay- 
onets and reflecting in the water. Bands were playing, flags 
flying, ladies, — wives of oflicers — smiling, and sixty thousand 
voices cheering, as the glorious panorama unfolded to view. 
Spring, warm, genial spring had come, and with it the warble 
of the birds, which welcomed to Tennessee the brave men 
who were to deliver her from the thraldom of traitors. 

On the evening of the twelfth of March Wallace's Division 
disembarked at Crump's Landing, during a heavy rain storm, 
and proceeded in the direction of Adamsville, in support of a 
raid being made by cavalry. The destruction of a portion 
of the Mobile and Ohio railroad was thoroughly accomplished, 
and then the detachment, wet and muddy, returned to the 
boats. On the morning of the seventeenth of March, orders 
were received to disembark and go into camp, which was ac- 
cordingly done, and Crump's Landing became the abiding 
place of the Eleventh for a time. The same evening. Dr. 
Brown, who had been seriously ill for some time, breathed 
his last. He was much lamented by the regiment, and his 
remains were sent to his family in Indianapolis, in charge of 
Adjutant Macauley. 

BATTLE OF SIIILOH. 

Nothing further of unusual interest occurred until the 
morning of the sixth of April, when heavy cannonading and 
an occasional volley of small arms announced that the clouds 
of battle were gathering for a storm. Orders from General 



252 REGIMENTAL HISTOUY. 

Wallace placed the entire division under arms at an early 
hour in the morning, and by a prudent foresight all were in 
readiness to step otf the moment the command should be 
given. Up to noon the fire steadily increased, and when, at 
that hour, the order came, "Forward!" it was received with 
yells of delight, and immediately the command was in motion. 
The road pursued would have brought the division on the 
battle field early in the afternoon, had it not been that the 
repulse of our troops had given the enemy possession of the 
ground between Wallace and the desired point. As soon as 
this was discovered, an order to retreat almost back to Adams- 
ville, and reinforce Grant by the river road, was promulgated, 
and it was almost dark when the command reached a friendly 
quarter of the battle field. Here the reinforcements were 
greeted with cheer upon cheer by the already wearied troops, 
which were heartily responded to by the gallant hoosiers. 
Arms were stacked in line of battle, and the men cooked 
their suppers and rested for the night as best they could, with 
mud beneath and a drenching rain over head, while the gun- 
boats thundered as though they would rend the very Heavens. 
The conflict of the seventh is so graphically described in 
the able report of Colonel McGinnis, that we give it in full: 

" Head Quarters Eleventh Indiana, 
Near Pittsburg Landing, Tenn., Ajyril 9th, 1862. 

Colonel M. L. Smith, 

Commanding First Brigade, Third Division, 

Sir: I have the honor to submit the following report of 
the part taken in the battle of the seventh instant, at this 
place, by the Eleventh Indiana: 

"At five and a half o'clock, a. m., I received an order from 
you to form our regiment in line of battle, and take position 
on the left of Thompson's Ninth Indiana Battery, for the 
purpose of supporting it. Your order was immediately exe- 
cuted, and skirmishers deployed in advance of our line. We 
occupied the position for about an hour, when we were 
ordered to advance and take position half a mile to the front, 
on a hill, and within five hundred yards of a rebel battery. 
Our position at this point was on the right of Thompson's 



IIEGIMENTAL HISTORY.' 263 

Battery, This position was occupied by us under a heavy 
fire from the enemy's guns for two hours, when the rebels 
changed the position of their battery some distance to the 
rear, and we Avere again ordered to advance, a short distance 
in the rear of the Twenty-Fourth Indiana, and then to take 
position on their left, thereby placing us on the extreme left 
of the division. 

"During the whole of this time, and, in fact, during the 
entire engagement, we had difi'erent companies deployed as 
skirmishers. Our advance was slow, but steady and certain. 
At about ten o'clock we were notified that, in connection with 
the Twenty-Fourth Indiana, we would be required to charge 
and take a rebel battery some five hundred yards in front of 
us. I ordered bayonets to be fixed, and gave some instruc- 
tions as to how the charge should be conducted. Every man 
was ready and anxious for the word, but for some reason, and 
much to the disappointment of the men, the order to charge 
was not given. At twelve, M., the rebel infantry made their 
appearance in large numbers in front, and gave us the first 
chance during the day of opening a steady and long continued 
fire upon them. This opportunity was heartily embraced, and 
such a deadly and destructive fire poured upon them that their 
advance was stopped, and, after a desperate struggle to main- 
tain the ground, they were compelled to retreat. We were 
again ordered forward, and from this time until the close of the 
engagement, a continual fire of musketry was kept up on both 
sides, the enemy doggedly falling back, we advancing. At two 
and a half o'clock I discovered the Federal forces on our left 
were falling back and the rebels advancing, and that they 
were nearly in rear of our left flank. I immediately notified 
you of their position, changed front with our left wing, 
opened fire upon them, and sent to you for assistance. Dar- 
ing this, the most trying moment, to us, of the day, I received 
your order to fall back if it got too hot for us; but feeling 
that the reputation of our regiment was at stake, and know- 
ing that no portion of our division had been compelled to 
fall back, we determined to hold the position to the last. 
Fortunately, and much to our relief, at this critical moment 



254 IlKtJlMliNTAL HISTORY. 

» 

tlic Thirty-Second Indiiina, Colonel Willieh, ciunc up on our 
left, iind with their assistance the advancin;^ enemy was com- 
pelled to retire. 

"Our left wing was iuimediately moved into line with the 
right, and we again made a forward movement, which was 
continued until four and a half o'clock, when we received 
with three cheers the intelligence that the rehel army was in 
full retreat. Every officer and man engaged in the battle did 
his duty to my entire satisfaction, and I have no special men- 
tion to make of any. 

"Of the non-combatants, Chaplain II. B. Ilibben deserves 
especial notice for valuable assistance to Surgeon Thompson, 
which was cheerfully rendered until all of our wounded were 
cared for and made as comfortable as the circumstances would 
admit. Quartermaster Pope also rendered much assistance 
to the wounded, and was indefatigable in his efforts to bring 
up our train at the proper time, with much needed comforts 
for our men. 

" I herewith enclose a correct list of our killed and 
wounded : 

Respectfully, GEORGE F. McGINNIS, 

Colonel Eleventh Indiana." 

The loss was again comparatively light, there being but 
eleven killed and Hfty-two wounded. 

The battle over, the regiment bivouacked for the night di- 
rectly in front of Shiloh Church, and another very wet and 
cold night passed. The Quartermaster found it impossible to 
get up the tents, baggage, &c., from Crump's Landing, on ac- 
count of a recent overflow of the roads, and it was several 
days before the}' were obtained by river. But the brave sol- 
diers only laughed the louder at their misfortunes, and 
anxiously awaited events. Soon a flood of visitors from the 
ITorth arrived; sanitary committees, surgeons, nurses, and 
sorrowing relatives of the killed and wounded on their mourn- 
ful errands. Among the honored visitors to the Eleventh on 
this occasion, was the lamented Professor Miles A. Fletcher, 
so well and so favorably known. It w^as on a second mission 
of mercy to Indiana's soldiers that he met his untimely death. 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 255 

Dr. John A. Coraingore had be£n appointed Assistant Sur- 
geon, to fill the va<jauey occasioned by the death of Dr. 
Brown, and reported for duty. Major Elston was forced to 
resign on account of serious illness, and left behind him a 
large circle of friends. Lieutenant Colonel Robinson's con- 
stant exertions at Fort Ileiman had compelled him to return 
home, where he remained until the news of the Shiloh battle 
brought him back scared}^ able to stand. 

About the nineteenth of April, the baggage having been 
received, the Eleventh was moved, with its brigade, some two 
miles to the front, where it remained quietly till the advance 
on Corinth. Drs. Barnes and Rooker reported about the 
twenty-eighth of April as additional surgeons, under com- 
mission from Grovernor Morton, and brought with them a 
commission as Major to Adjutant Macauley, vice Elston, re- 
signed, which gave general satisfaction. 

On the fourth of May wagons were loaded, tents struck, 
and the line of march taken up for Pea Ridge, where the re- 
serves, during the siege of Corinth, were held. A number 
of sick were left behind; among the number. Lieutenant Col- 
onel Robinson, whose fast failing health finally compelled him 
to resign. An order from the commanding General announc- 
ing the death of Major General C. F. Smith, at Savannah, 
caused the most profound grief. 

On the fifteenth of May, Governor Morton and his inde- 
fatigable assistant. Adjutant General Laz. N'oble, paid a visit 
to the regiment, and were the honored visitors at one of its 
inimitable dress parades. At the close. Colonel McGiunis in- 
troduced the Governor, who was received with three rousing 
cheers, and delivered a brief and stirring address, concluding 
with the compliment, "Indiana is proud of the Eleventh." 

By this time the famous old banner, presented the regiment 
at the commencement of the war, was worn out, and it was 
accordingly sent, in care of Lieutenant Colonel Robinson, to 
the State Library at Indianapolis. Another beautiful fl^ag 
was immediately forwarded to the regiment by the patriotic 
citizens of the capitol. 

The lapse of time had wrought many changes in the list of 
officers. Captain J. E. Ilamill had been dismissed for absence 



256 Ki;t;iMi:MAi. history. 

without leave, and First Lieutenant Frank Scott promoted to 
his place — a promotion gained by distinguished gallantry iti 
the iield. Lieutenant Harry McMullen was made First Lieu- 
tenant in his stead, and Sergeant Kuder, of Company C, suc- 
ceeded him. Lieutenant J. P. Megrew succeeded to the 
Adjutantcy, and Sergeant Calloway, of Comjiany B, was pro- 
moted to the First Lieutenantcy. Captain Jabez Smith re- 
signed, and John A. Bryan was made Captain in his stead; 
and Sergeants Isaac JN". Adams and William S. Mullen were 
ad%'anced to the Lieutenantcies of Company D, one of which 
was vacated by the resignation of L. L. Allison. Lieutenant 
John Wilkius also resigned, making an advance of otie step 
for Lieutenant Dave Hay, and Sergeant Kemper was made 
Lieutenant to fill the vacancy. Lieutenants Koss and Troth 
had been for some time on General Wallace's staff, as was 
also Captain Ed. Wallace. A still further draft was made by 
him on the regiment^ by the detailing permanently of Lieu- 
tenant Pope, as Division Quartermaster, and Lieutenant Hay, 
as Division Train master. Lieutenants Wightman and Cra- 
mer resigned, and were succeeded hy Sergeants John Frick 
and Charles McGinley, all of Company K. 

On the thirtieth of May it was announced that Corinth 
was evacuated, the enemy having quietly decamped, taking 
everything of value, and leaving the troops outside in blissful 
ignorance of their movements until the evacuation was suc- 
cessfully accomplished. 

On the second of June, the Eleventh moved in the direc- 
tion of Memphis, via Purdy, Bethel, and Bolivar. The brig- 
ade was then under command of Brigadier General A. P. 
Hovey, lately promoted from the Colonelcy of the Twenty- 
Fourth Indiana. Reaching Bolivar on the evening of the 
fifth, the regiment remained a few days, nothing of unusual 
interest occuring. 

On the tenth of June, the regiment marched again from 
Bolivar towards Memphis, passing through Summerville and 
Oakland, and on the twelfth, went into camp, with the re- 
mainder of the division, at Union Station, some twelve miles 
from Memphis. Colonel McGinnis now accepted a leave of 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 257 

absence, aiul left for home via Memphis, that place havino- 
been captured while the regiment was at Bolivar. Major 
Macanley was left in command. 

At midnight, on the sixteenth, tents were struck, and again 
the regiment took up the line of march for Memphis, enter- 
ing the city next morning, and halting before the Gayoso 
House for orders. The rain was again pouring down in tor- 
rents. About ten o'clock on the eighteenth, orders were re- 
ceived, and the regiment went into camp on the small plat in 
front of the hotel. 

General Grant at this time established his headquarters at 
Memphis, and General A. P. Hovey assumed command of 
the division. 

Most of the time in Memphis was spent in drilling, and the 
dress parades of the Zouaves became the rage, thousands 
flocking to see them go through the exercises of their unique 
drill. Several members of the regiment died in camp of dis- 
ease. Among the number was Sergeant Miles II. Test, a 
promising, intelligent young ofhcer, who was much lamented. 
Colonl McGinnis, and several other oflicers now returned 
to their commands, and dn the twenty-second of July, the 
regiment again struck tents, and embarked on the steamer 
City of Alton, for Helena, Arkansas. They left the landing 
on the twenty-fourth, and pitched their tents the same day 
in their new camp. 

Scarcely was this camp arranged, when news arrived that 
General Steele's command, at Old Town, some eighteen miles 
below, had been attacked, and the Eleventh was marched to 
its support. There being no battle, the regiment returned to 
camp on the twenty-eighth. 

Marching orders were received on the fourth of August for 
Ilovey's entire division to proceed to Clarendon, Arkansas, 
distant some eighty-five miles. Colonel McGinnis being in 
command of the brigade, Major Macauley took charge of 
the regiment. The march was made in light traveling order, 
and Clarendon was reached on the seventh instant, but the 
enemy, who had been scouting, conscripting and pillaging^ 
had fled in the direction of Little Rock. 

On the fourteenth, the regiment took the back track for 
Vol. II.— 17. 



258 REGIMiiNTAL HISTORY. 

Helena, arriving on the evening of the seventeenth, having 
marched about one hundred and seventy-five miles in thirteen 
days. Here they constructed a permanent camp of neat log 
houses, with streets well ditched and graded, which they 
named "Mortonville," in honor of Governor Morton. 

Here a recruiting party, under command of Captain Ruckle, 
returned, bringing sixty recruits. Major Macauley was pro- 
moted Lieutenant Colonel, vice Robinson, resigned. 

On the twenty-second of October, a scouting party, under 
command of Major Darnall, who had succeeded to that pos- 
ition by the promotion of Major Macauley, proceeded up the 
river thirty or forty miles, and efl'ectcd a material change in 
the guerrilla organizations with which the Arkansas shore 
was at that time infested. 

November first, Lieutenant Colonel Macauley performed a 
like service without loss, and the attacks on boats became 
much less frequent as a result. 

Under the direction of the Chaplain of the Twenty-Fourth 
Indiana, and Chaplain Hibben, of the Eleventh, volunteers 
from both regiments built a large and comfortable log church, 
near camp, and soon quite a warm religious excitement 
sprang up among the soldiers, and the house was crowded 
every night for weeks. 

In the early part of November a large expedition was or- 
ganized by General Ilovey, having for its object the capture 
of Arkansas Post. Some sixteen steamers laden with troops, 
started from Helena on the sixteenth, and proceeded to the 
mouth of White river. It was intended to ascend this river 
some fourteen miles, and reach the Arkansas river by a cut- 
off connecting the two. To the chagrin of the little army it 
was found impossible to cross the bar at the mouth of the 
river, and the glory of capturing that post was reserved for 
the energetic McClernand and his gallant Vicksburg army. 
The crowded boats were frequently fired into by guerrillas 
from the shores, but the Eleventh, fortunately, had but two 
men injured. After several ineficctual attempts to cross the 
bar, the fleet was ordered back on the twentieth. The Rocket, 
with the Eleventh, was sent on an errand to Napoleon, at the. 
mouth of the Arkansas river. This place was reached about 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 259 

da3'liglit on tlie twenty-tirst, a landing quietly effected, and 
Major Darnall, with two companies, sent some distance up 
the opposite bank of the river, to cross and come in rear of 
the town. The boat, then dropping down, disembarked the 
remainder of the regiment, and Captain Carew was sent with 
one company to complete the circuit, while a search was 
made by details from the front. All the flat boats and other 
craft capable of rendering service to the enemy were destroyed, 
a few prisoners taken, and the expedition started for Helena 
again. " Morton ville" was reached on the twenty-second, 
and a siesta indulged in by the weary soldiers. 

A number of expeditions against the stronghold of Vicks- 
burg were projected, previous to the grand one which accom- 
plished the result. One of these was an attempt to reach the 
rear of Vicksburg from Memphis, on the Grenada road. The 
troops at Helena were to co-operate by landing on the Mis- 
sissippi side, and by forced marches along the Cold "Water, 
cut and destroy the railroad in rear of the enemy at Oxford, 
and, if possible, strike a decisive blow in conjunction with 
Grant's forces from the front. On the twenty-seventh instant, 
the Eleventh, as part of the expedition, embarked on the 
steamer Fanny Bullitt, and proceeded a few miles below 
Helena to a landing on the Mississippi side, called Delta, 
where the troops disembarked and bivouacked for the night. 

The infantry was commanded by General A. P. Hovey, and 
the cavalry by General C. C. Washburn. The latter was im- 
mediately pushed forward that night, and succeeding in sur- 
prising and capturing the enemies pickets, marched forward 
to Cold "Water. The infantry marched early on the mornino- 
of the twenty-eighth, and made a march of twenty-six miles 
on a miserable road, through a swampy, cypress country. 
Colonel McGinnis, being ill, did not accompany the expedi- 
tion, and the command of the brigade fell upon Colonel 
Bringhurst, the efficient commander of the Forty-Sixth Indi- 
ana, On the twenty-ninth, but fifteen miles were made, and 
the Cold Water river crossed, where the cavalry had con- 
structed a floating bridge.. 

Next morning the Eleventh and Twenty-Fourth were de- 
tached and ordered to Mitchell's cross roads, a position fifteen 



260 RKCIMKNTAI. IIISTOKY. 

miles in atlvmice, where they wore to remain in support of 
the cavalry, which, by a bold movement, had advanced to 
within one mile of Grenada, and ciicctually destroyed the 
rail road for miles. During its absence, Company C, Captain 
Frank Scott, of the Eleventh, was sent back, in conjunction 
with one company from the Twenty-Fourth, to an important 
ford on the road to Panola. Major Darnall was placed in 
command. In a short time a rapid and heavy firing in 
the direction of the ford was heard, plainly denoting a spirited 
battle. At this instant General Washburn's advance arrived 
from the raid on Grenada, and, with the cavalry in front, the 
entire arni}^ rushed to the rescue. It was soon ascertained 
that a large force of the enemy had, by a rapid movement, 
placed Major Darnall's force in great danger, but by a stub- 
born resistance he held them at bay until assistance was at 
hand. The enemy decamped at sight of the cavalry, and 
saved themselves from capture. The infantry bivouacked for 
the night, and the cavalry made a dash on Panola, capturing 
some prisoners, and routing, with severe loss, a large body of 
the enemy. 

Learning from a number of prisoners and deserters that 
General Grant's expectations had not been realized, and that 
the enemy, instead of being captured, were falling back, with 
a view of cutting ofl' the expedition, the troops returned to 
the Mississippi, reaching Helena on the seventh of December. 
The boys fared finely on this expedition, as orders were issued 
for foraging, and few turkeys, chickens, eggs, or anything 
else eatable was left to the unfortunate inhabitants. The 
mention of a few changes in officers will close the history of 
the regiment for 1862. 

Captain Frick, Lieutenant McGinley, and Lieutenant Fred. 
Frank w^ere the officers of Company K. Lieutenant Chirk, 
of Company I, had resigned, and Custer was advanced another 
step, followed by Sergeant T. B. Wood, as Second Lieutenant. 
First Lieutenant John L. Ilanna, of Company F, resigned, 
and his place was filled by Lieutenant Wood ; while Second 
Lieutenant Baker also left the same company, and Sergeant 
Joshua Budd succeeded him. First Lieutenant Dave Hay 
also left the service, and was succeeded by the promotion of 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 261 

Henry Kemper. Sergeant Frank Copeland was made Second 
Lieutenant to till the latter vacancy. The faithful Dr. Thomp- 
Bon being completely worn out by long and constant services 
was compelled to resign, much to the regret of the whole 
regiment. Dr. John A. Comingore, who had resigned ia 
Memphis, was appointe-d in his stead, and proved a w'orthy 
successor. Captain D. B. Cully also resigned, and Lieutenant 
Pursell was appointed Captain of Company B, leaving Lieu- 
tenant Kellogg the First Lieutenant of Company I, and Ser- 
geant Henry Grcendyke, Second Lieutenant. Captain Bryan, 
Company D, was dismissed, and Adjutant Megrew appointed 
in his stead, while Lieutenant McMullen was made Adjutant. 
Second Lieutenant Leighty of Company E, succeeded McMul- 
len in Company C, and Sergeant Henry "Wentz was made 
Second Lieutenant of Company E. About the same time 
Lieutenant Adams resigned, and Lieutenant Mullen and Ser- 
geant H. H. Jones advanced in consequence. Sergeant Major, 
John W. Coons, was made Second Lieutenant of Company 
G, vice Wood promoted, and private Asa P. Yaft made Ser- 
geant Major. Quartermaster Sergeant, George Reck, had 
been discharged for physical disability, and Sergeant Augus- 
tus Cassell of Company C, promoted to the vacancj'. Ser- 
geant Edwin R, Foster of Company B was made Commissary 
Sergeant, vice Yest, deceased. 

After the long and laborious service the regiment had seen 
it could still boast of good health and fine spirits, and under 
the efficient guardianship of McGinnis and Macaulej'^ fully 
sustained its enviable reputation. 

COMMENCEMENT OF THE YEAR 1863. 

The year 1862 had been fraught with important results. 
An active and successful campaign under Grant added laurels 
to the Army of the Tennessee, and a glorious list of victories 
to the Union cause. That of '63 proved even more grand as 
well as more decisive. Desperate battles took place, and the 
campaigns in the West added undying honors to the officers 
and men engaged in them. 

Among the changes of officers in the Eleventh, in the early 
part of the year, was the promotion of Lieutenant Coons to 



262 RE(3IMKNTAL IIISTOUY. 

Quartermaster, vice Pope, promoted to Captain in tlic Quar- 
ter Master's Department. Lieutenant Fry was also advanced 
to a like grade in the Commissary Department, and was suc- 
ceeded by Second Lieutenant Wentz as First Lieutenant. 

On the eiglith of January rumors of Sherman's failure in 
the attack on Vicksburg reached Helena, to ascertain the 
truth of which, General Gorman, with Companies B and D 
of the Eleventh, passed down the river. 

On the following day General McClernand, (having suc- 
ceeded Sherman), with his forces on transports, was reported 
at the mouth of Arkansas river, on his return from Vicks- 
burg. On the tenth the two companies which had accom- 
panied General Gorman having returned, marching orders 
were received for the entire regiment to break up camp, and, 
with baggage and equipage, prepare to embark on the Anglo 
Saxon. 

On the eleventh nearly the entire Helena army had em- 
barked, and the expedition, being intended to co-operate with 
McClernand's attack on Arkansas Post, steamed to the mouth 
of White river. 

The sufferings of soldiers on crowded transports, in such 
inclement weather, can hardly be realized by the uninitiated. 
The opportunities for cooking are so extremely limited, that 
it is with the utmost difficulty that food can be prepared fit to 
eat. Many had their feet and fingers frozen, and numbers 
were added to the sick list. 

Ascending White river, which had risen to a deep and 
rushing stream, the fleet, on reaching the cut-off, halted, and 
there learned that McClernand, after a spirited assault, had 
carried the works and taken six or seven thousand prisoners. 

Starting on, the fleet halted for the night at Prairie Grove, 
where some repairs were made to the boats, and then pro- 
ceeded to St. Charles, a fortified bluft' of considerable strength, 
where the year before the gunboat Mound City met with 
such a terrible accident. But the foe had fled on the news of 
the capture of Arkansas Post, leaving his heavy guns a prey 
to our army. On the sixteenth Duvall's Bluff w^as reached, 
but the rebels had taken tlie hint and left. 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 263 

Remaining here a few clays the regiment enjoj-ed a few 
days on picket duty, and, although several inches of snow 
had fallen, the change from a crowded, filthy boat to terra 
firma, with pure, fresh air was a luxury. A part of the expe- 
dition went still further up the river and captured a number 
of prisoners and a quantity of small arms and ammunition. 
At daylight on the nineteenth, the entire fleet of thirty-six 
boats started again for Helena, having first destroyed the rail- 
road depot and road for a great distance. 

The cabin of the Anglo Saxon was honored by the pres- 
ence, on this occasion, of " fair women" as well as " brave 
men," — the courageous and devoted wives of Colonel McGin- 
nis, Captain Butler, and Sutler C. B. Rockwell, being on 
board. These ladies, forsaking the pleasures and luxuries of 
home to follow the rough fortunes of their husbands, threw 
a gleam of sunshine into the dark hours of camp life. 

On reaching Helena on the twenty-second of the month, 
the high water rendered it impossible to re-occupy the old 
camp, and accordingly the brigade was ordered to camp some 
four miles back of the river, among the hills, "While there 
a complete set of uniform log houses were built, the streets 
graded and drained, and preparations made for a protracted 
stay. 

THE YAZOO PASS EXPEDITION. 

All former plans for the reduction of Yicksburg having 
failed, three others were projected and put into operation, one 
of which was the celebrated •' canal " scheme, another the 
opening of the levee in order to render the Red river naviga- 
ble, via Lake Providence, and still another to cut the bank 
during high water, and allow the Mississippi to flow into 
Moon Lake, just below Helena, and thence through Yazoo 
Pass and Cold Water river, into the Yazoo, above Yazoo 
City. This latter was performed by the Helena troops, and 
is known to the country as the " Yazoo Pass Expedition." 

'On the second of February a detachment of the Eleventh, 
armed with axes and spades, proceeded to a place above Delta 
and cut a gap in the levee through which the waters of the 



264 UKta.MKNTAL IlISTur.Y. 

great rivor rusliod in torrents. Willi iixes, tlic detachment 
then proceeded along the proposed path, removing obstruc- 
tions of all kinds, in the manner of cutting a wagon road, 
assisted by detachments from other regiments. The object 
was to clear a road for gunboats. 

In a few days the entire regiment followed under command 
of Major Darnall, (Lieuteiiant Colonel Macauley being sick), 
and assisted several days in the necessary guard duty and 
finishing of the work so advantageously commenced. On 
the twenty-fourth, the provisions were entirely consumed, 
and as there was not time to send to Helena the mechanical 
genius of the men was brought out in furnishing the com- 
mand. Corn was gathered and shelled, and, by the manage- 
ment of some engineers and millers, was made into first-rate 
meal in an old mill near the camp. Scouting parties were 
sent in every direction, and acted as caterers to the men who 
■were at work and on guard, providing them bountifully with 
the "milk and honey" of the land. 

On the twenty-sixth the iron-clads DeKalb and Chill icothe, 
floated down the current, controlled by cables fastened to 
trees, and, as the gloomy looking monsters crashed through 
the overhanging limbs and branches, in their narrow chan- 
nel, the oft threatened movement of taking gunboats against 
the rebels overland seemed almost realized. They were fol- 
lowed next day by the Mosquito fleet and General Ross' divi- 
sion on transports. 

In a few days the regiment returned to camp and found it 
had been moved into the city in accordance with orders. 
Lieutenant Colonel Maeauley had started for Cairo a few days 
before with some prisoners and a short leave of absence from 
General Gorman. 

Another chan£:e now occured in the field officers: Colonel 
McGinnis, w^ho had so long and ably commanded either a 
brigade or division, was confirmed by the Senate a Brigadier 
General, and Lieutenant Colonel Dan. Maeauley, succeeded 
to the Colonelc}-, Major Darnall to the Lieutenant Colonelcy, 
and Captain George Butler to the vacant Majorship. 

The severity of Winter having passed, the fine weather of 
approaching Spring was spent in drills and dress parades, and 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 265 

SO accustomed did the Eleventh become in the Zouave tactics, 
that the most difficult evolutions were performed v/ith per- 
fect ease. The Yazoo Pass and Lake Providence projects, 
having failed to accomplish the objects for which they were 
designed, were abandoned. 

An immense army under General Grant, was now assemb- 
ling in the vicinity of Vicksburg, preparatory to a campaign 
having no parallel in the history of the War, and but few 
indeed in the chronicles of th^ World. The Eleventh, which 
had seen its last important battle at Shiloh, were destined to 
take part in it. 

THE VICKSBURG CAMPAIGN. 

On the ninth of April marching orders were received, and 
the regiment embarked with Hovey's division, and was once 
more on the Mississippi. The Eleventh, together with a sec- 
tion of Beech's Sixteenth Ohio Battery, were placed on board 
the steamer Universe, and waited until the sixteenth, for the 
remainder of the fleet. Just before the. fleet sailed, Colonel 
Macauley arrived and took command, much to the delight of 
the officers and men. 

On the fourteenth the troops landed at Miliken's Bend, 
Louisiana. The Eleventh was to march across the peninsula 
in General McClernand's corps — the Thirteenth — striking the 
Mississippi again below Carthage. Not a tent or baggage 
of any kind was taken, but with extra rations of crackers the 
men started out at four o'clock one morning, to make the 
march. On the eleventh the little town of Richmond was 
reached, and that night the heavy rumbling of cannon at 
Vicksburg, was distinctly heard by the soldiers. The next 
day's march brought the troops to Dawson's plantation, where 
they halted to allow other divisions to come up. 

On the eighteenth a mark of high respect was paid by 
the officers of the regiment to its old commander, General 
McGinnis, by the presentation to him, on dress parade, of a 
magnificent sword, sash and belt, and saddle, with complete 
trappings befitting his new rank. The regiment was formed 
into a hollow square, facing inwards, with the spectators in- 
side. A graceful and eloquent presentation speech was made 



2(iG HKOIMENTAL HISTORY. 

by Cnptnin Caven, but tlic Genoral was so overcome with 
emotion, that he couUl say little else but " Thank you." At 
the coiKlusion the reginient ij^avc three liearty cheers and a 
"ti<:j:cr" for their beloved old coimiiaiidcr, General George 
Y. McCrinnis. 

A few dnysafk-r the rc£,nnient moved on as far as Dunbar's 
plantation, on Roundaway liayou, having passed to the right 
of the divisions commanded by Generals Osterhaus and Carr. 
Here alone Hovey's division advanced along the bayou until 
it was impossible to go farther toward the Mississippi without 
bridges. In the absence of pontoons the indefatigable Ilovey 
determined to bridge the swift, wide bayou himself, and with 
his fatigue parties and pioneer cor{)S, persevered, until, sure 
enough, the bayous were bridged. The entire army. having 
passed over, the march was resumed, and t})e Eleventh reached 
the Mississippi on the twenty-eighth of April. 

Standing in line of battle toward evening, a steamer tow- 
ing a barge on either side indicated the place of embarka- 
tion, and the soldiers were soon stowed away in the bot- 
toms of the barges. 

In the evening a grand council of war was held by Grant 
and his generals in the cabin of the boat, and later another 
by General llovey and his brigade and regimental com- 
manders. 

It was decided to take Grand Gulf by storm. The gun- 
boats, seven in number, were to silence the guns, and the 
transports, sailing down, were to land in line. The troops 
were then to rush off, form in line, and charge the works. 
The boat contaning the Eleventh and Twenty-Fourth Indiana, 
and Twenty-Ninth Wisconsin, headed the column, and the 
rest followed in line. 

The boats moved off at two o'clock that night, and at day- 
light were landed all together at Hard Times Landing, Lou- 
isiana, in plain sight of the rebel works. The men went on 
shore and cooked breakfast, and about ten o'clock the gun- 
boats, cleared for action, steamed slowl}' down in line of 
battle. Soon the terrible combat commenced, and for five 
and a half hours, raged unceasingly. After a desperate 



BEGIMENTAL HISTORY. 267 

struggle, the rebels fired their last salute, and an entire new 
phase was given to affairs. 

In a few monaents came the command to disembark in 
marching order, and proceed by land on the Louisiana side 
around the outside garrison and await the transports, which 
would run the blockade at night. Ilovey's division took 
the advance, and in a few hours reached the river again, 
below Grand Gulf, but still in sight. 

Lying on their arms in a plowed field the Zouaves prepared 
to sleep. About ten o'clock the rebel batteries could be seen 
and heard, belching forth their thunder, and the gunboats 
between them and the transports, slowly fighting their way 
down. Every boat came through safely, and the greatest 
obstacle to the capture of Vicksburg was overcome. Owing 
to the limited amount of transportation, not a horse had been 
brought farther than Hard Times Landing, and all, generals 
and staflT officers included, were truly on an equal footing. 

About seven o'clock next morning orders were received to 
embark on the gunboat Carondelet, every thing available be- 
ing used for transportation. There being but seven gunboats 
and five transports, but a small portion of the army could 
embark at a time. When every thing was in readiness, to 
the surprise of the men, the fleet started down the river, in- 
stead of over to the Grand Gulf batteries. A few miles be- 
low the advance boats rounded to and landed, and the Elev- 
enth was the first to disembark. Guns were stacked, and 
three days rations drawn from a supply boat, with the inform- 
ation that no more would be issued for five days. Having 
eaten a hearty meal the residue of the rations were stowed 
away in haversacks, and the regiment took its place in line 
of march. The- divisions of Osterhaus and Carr were in ad- 
vance, together with a number of batteries, and the roads 
being bad the progress was necessarily slow, and a long and 
tedious night march was inevitable. 

Preparations for a battle on the hill were being made as the 
Eleventh halted for breakfast, but before it was prepared 
orders came to advance at once and report to General Mc- 
Ginnis, on the ris^ht of the battle-field. "Without a murmur 



268 RKOIMKNTAL IIISTOUV. 

the palluiit men Rj)rung chcorfnlly to their guns, and the 
regiment moved oiY quickly to the front. 

On the right of tlie roiid was General McGinnis and staff, 
on foot, phicing his regiments in i)Osition. The Eleventh was 
ordered to stack arms and await further orders. The hattle 
had heen gradually commencing on the left, hut did not as- 
sume a general character until uhout seven o'clock. General 
W. P. lienton and his trusty brigade were hotly engaged on 
the right, but Ilovey's division remained passive till eiglit 
o'clock, at which time the order to " take arras " was sharply 
given. 

In front of the Eleventh there were three ravines, the 
banks of each being so nearly perpendicular as to be impassa- 
ble had it not been for the trees and thick undergrowth with 
which they were lined, and the almost superhuman exertion 
required in their passage, brought the men in a state of ex- 
haustion immediately in the face of the enemy. No time 
was allowed for recovering, but the still greater fatigues of a 
hotly contested battle, was immediately entered upon and 
successfully carried out. 

As the regiment scaled the last bluff and emerged from the 
woods on to the open ground, a heavy fire was opened upon 
them from the enemy's lines. A wagon road run along the 
edge of the timber, with a fence on the opposite side, and on 
a rise of ground two or three hundred yards to the right and 
front, was a log house, beside which was stationed a section 
of a rebel battery, playing on the federal troops immediately 
in its front. 

Colonel Maeauley had been ordered to attack in company 
with the Forty-Sixth Indiana, as soon as the ravines were 
passed, but not seeing this regiment he resolved to attack 
alone, and accordingly moved the Eleventh on "double 
quick" to the right. AVhcn almost in front of the battery 
the fearless Zouaves, with a yell, faced to the left, sprang over 
the fence, and rushed upon the surprised rebels. Their hesi- 
tation was momentary. Making one ineffectual attempt to 
turn the guns, already loaded, upon their contiguous foe, they 
abandoned them and fled in confusion from the position. 
Company K was immediately assigned to the abandoned 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 269 

guna, and quick as thought the loads already in were dis- 
charged after the retreating enemy. 

With this dashing charge the entire line came forward, and 
a heavy fire was kept up until the rebels had retired out of 
range. The firing ceased, and as Generals Grant, McGinnia 
and Ilovey, rode along the lines, their faces fl.ushed with vic- 
tory, cheer upon cheer filled the air which had so recently 
been resonant with the roar of battle. 

About eleven o'clock it was ascertained that the rebel army 
was strongly posted some half mile or more to the front. 
Captains Ruckle and Caven, of the Eleventh, with their com- 
panies, were at once sent forward as skirmishers, and in a 
short time the army again advanced in line of battle. 

The manner in which the enemy were again encountered 
and beaten back, though obstinately resisting, till night set in, 
and then forced to retreat in confusion and disorder, is already 
a matter of history. Though under a heavy fire during the 
progress of the battle, the loss of the regiment was surpris- 
ingly small, being but one killed instantly, one missing, and 
twentj'-four Avounded. Several of the latter, however, died 
upon the battle field, and were buried by the detachment sent 
out with the Assistant Surgeon, on his mission of mercy. 

Colonel Macauley, in his oflScial report makes special men- 
tion of Captains Ruckle and Caven, and their companies, E 
and G, in the capture of the battery, and gives all credit for 
doing their duty bravely and efficiently. General Grant, in 
an order issued on the seventh of May, 1863, thus speaks of 
the importance of the brilliant victory gained by this battle : 

" The triumph gained over the enemy near Port Gibson, on 
the first, was one of the most important of the war. The 
capture of five cannon and more than a thousand prisoners, 
the possession of Grand Gulf, and a firm foot-hold upon the 
highlands between the Big Black and Bayou Pierre, from 
whence we threaten the whole line of the enemv, are among 
the brilliant fruits of this achievement." 

It is not to be wondered at that when the order came on 
the morning of the second, to march forward, the men were 
almost unable to move. But some of the haversacks brought 



270 REiilMKNTAL IIISTOIIY. 

Up in the iiiijlit funiislied a luiicli and some colibc, and away 
they tram[)L'd in the direction of Vicksl>ui-G^. 

Ill the mcantiiiio other divisions of the f^rand army were 
crossing at Grand Gulf, and coming forward to assist in the 
many rapid movements heing made on dift'erent roads leading 
to Vicksburg and Jackson. 

We will not weary the reader with a detailed account of 
the marches from day to day in this campaign. There was 
no rest, no "cessation of hostilities;" and the enemy found 
no security until closely invested within the fortified liills of 
Vicksburg. 

On the eighth of May, General Grant and a large number 
of generals with their staft's, gave a flying inspection of the dif- 
ferent regiments in the army, the troops every wliere receiv- 
ing them in the most enthusiastic manner. 

Next evening while in bivonac in line of battle, the arrival 
of Mr. Earl Eeid of Knightstown, Indiana, with a newly or- 
ganized brass band for the Eleventh, was liailed with loud 
manifestations of delight by the music loving "Zouaves." 
After being so long deprived of this important ornament, the 
oflScersof the regiment generousl}- resolved to support a band 
themselves, and that the enterprise was properly carried out 
is shown by the fact that the talented director, Earl Reid, 
made it the finest band, without an exception, in the De- 
partment of the Gulf. 

On the twelfth, while General McGinnis' brigade was in 
the advance, the enemy was found in strong force on the road 
to Edwards' Station. A very strong force of skirmishers was 
thrown forward, the regiments deployed in line of battle, and 
a sort of running fight maintained till dark, at which time the 
enemy had all withdrawn to the far side of a large creek near 
which the army halted for the night. 

Ilovey's division was ordered across in the morning and 
made a strong demonstration on the enemy's line, while the 
remainder of the army made a rapid and successful march on 
Jackson. This change of position placed Ilovey's division, 
(as it followed in the rear toward Jackson), again in the ad- 
vance, when McClernand was met by orders from Grant to 
"about face," and pursue the r'ailroad toward Vicksburg. 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY, 271 

General McGinnis' brigade wus again in advance of the 
grand army, and on the morning of the sixteenth, the enemy 
were discovered strongly posted on Champion Hills, evidently 
disposed to dispute the ground. 

The Eleventh was formed in line of battle about ten 
o'clock, A. M., on the left of the Forty- Sixth Indiana, and 
there remained while other dispositions were being made for 
the impending conflict. In about an hour and a half the line 
was formed. The Eleventh bore a prominent part in this 
battle, losing very heavih'. AYe may indulge in a some- 
what lengthened account of its action, quoting largely from 
Colonel Macauley's official report, which we believe has never 
been published. 

Companies A, Captain Kemper, and B, Captain Pursel, 
were ordered forward to cover the front as skirmishers. Ad- 
vancing some distance, the line was halted at the foot of the 
hill, the skirmishers resting near the top. 

About noon the final command was given to advance, and 
the willing men sprang forward to the contest. Pushing 
rapidly up the first hill with the Twenty-Xinth Wisconsin on 
the right, and the Twenty-Sixth Indiana in the rear as sup- 
port, the enemy's skirmishers were driven off without slack- 
ening speed. From this time the regiment became complete- 
ly isolated from support. 

Colonel Macauley's report says : 

" On the second hill a heavy line awaited us, and made a 
strong resistance, but with fixed bayonets we dashed forward, 
and in a moment had the hill. On the next one the battery 
support was stationed, and as we advanced on a double quick 
a charge of grape from one of the guns tore through our 
lines, which was the last the rebels ever fired from it. "With 
a loud '* Hurrah !" the regiment rushed forward, and for a 
few moments the struggle against superior numbers was des- 
perate ; clubbed muskets and bayonets were freely used. 
They fell back slowly from the brow of the hill and rallied at 
the foot, among the trees, not thirty yards distant. For a 
moment we poured a destructive fire down on them, and 
charged again. This was decisive, and they fled in confusion, 
closely pursued by our men over the next hill, and another, 



272 UEOIMKXTAL IIlSTuRY. 

where, after great exertion I succeeded ia halting and rctorm- 

ing." 

The position gained was a stroDg one. Tiie brow of the 
semi-circular hill served for an earthwork, while beyond lay 
an open country for so great a distance that the enemy could 
make no movement on any side, unseen by our men. The 
fight at the battery had been one of a most desperate nature, 
and the guns of one section were only taken by the free ap- 
plication of the bayonet and stocks of muskets. 

Colonel Macauley soon ascertained that he was fully half 
a mile in advance of the federal lines, but determined not to 
lose 80 important a position, if within the bounds of reason 
to hold it. He immediately dispatched a messenger for sup- 
port. 

Saj's the report: 

" Large rebel reinforcements were seen advancing en masse 
on our right, evidently with the intention of flanking us. 
Several reliable messengers were immediately started back, 
one after the other, for assistance, and the front changed to 
the right with four companies, placed under command of 
Captain Ruckle. The rebels were now advancing on the left, 
and I threw back two companies, under Lieutenant Colonel 
Darnall, as protection there." 

During the entire four hours and a half that the regiment 
was in the battle it was constantly under fire, and even while 
these changes were being made on the right and left, the cen- 
ter was able to hold the hill only by hard fighting. 

After fighting half an hour in this position Colonel Bring- 
hurst, and his gallant Forty-Sixth Indiana came up, and by 
passing a few yards to the front, enabled the center compan- 
ies to rest. But the reinforcements were insnfiiciont. That 
great mass of grey-coated rebels was now almost opposite the 
right flank of the heroic little detachment, and threatened to 
cut off the last hope for retreat. The Forty-Sixth fell back 
in a moment to the stronghold of the Eleventh, and it was 
evident that nothing short of a miracle could prevent the 
loss of ground. Tiie Forty-Seventh Indiana came up, but a 
reinforcement of one or more brigades alone could have turn- 
ed the scale. 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 273 

The situation is thus described in the report: 

"The fire was terrible from the front and both flanks, ^nd 
I felt that unless support came up at once my position would 
have to be abandoned. Captain Ruckle here reported to me 
that large bodies of rebels were passing to the right, and I at 
once gave the command to fall back on the next hill." 

The men fell back in good order, contesting every inch of 
ground as they went. Meanwhile the rebels advanced rapidly 
up the valley, and took several of the men prisoners who had 
"• dehiyed a moment to have a parting shot at those in front." 
Rallying around their flag the brave soldiers resisted the rebel 
advance on the hill for full fifteen minutes, when the Twenty- 
iSTinth Wisconsin came dashing up, and forming on the right, 
assisted in making the traitors' onset a bloody one. 

"Too late, however, for the rebels hurled regiment after 
regiment against us, and we fell back fighting as before. Our 
ammunition gone, we were depending on that of the killed 
and wounded. Here the Twenty-Fifth Indiana, Colonel 
Spicely, and several other regiments assisted in making a final 
rally, and the enemy, advancing to within thirty yards of our 
line, were checked." 

The line now became a solid mass of regiments, but con- 
spicuous among the foremost, maintaining to the last their 
proud prerogative, were seen the peculiar uniforms of the 
shattered Zouaves. 

Colonel Macauley, received a wound which compelled him 
to quit the field, and the command of the regiment devolved 
upon the brave Darnall. The tide, however, was turned ; the 
rebels had exhausted their power, and after wavering a mo- 
ment, they beat a hasty retreat. 

Another brilliant victory was added to the list of this re- 
markable campaign; but the regiment, alas! had suffered 
terribly; twenty-eight killed instantly; one hundred and 
twenty-six wounded — twelve of whom were afterwards 
buried on the field — and thirteen missing. 

In a battle so closely contested, many instances of personal 
bravery occur. We may mention some in this case without 
doing injustice to others. 

The color-bearer. Sergeant David A. Hill, of company I, 
Vol. II.— 18. 



274 REGIMENTAL IIISTOUY. 

Wfts coTistantly ill the advance, atiil tliiclccst. of tliu fic'lit. His 
movenuTt.s to the rear, as the ri'ii^itneiit foil Ijack, were slow, 
and only on the positive order of the Coh)neL In tlie last 
desperate rally he advanced ten or twelve paces from the line, 
wavini^ the stars and stripes on high, and planted tlie staff 
firmly in tlie gromid, while his gnard fell dead around liim. 
Standing beside it, he looked quietly at his dead comrades, and 
to the astonishment of all remained unhurt. Of the color- 
guard, Corporals Charles Brown, of con)]»any Iv, Henry 
Shell, of company E, and Joseph ITollis, company F, were 
killed. William Ilollingsworth, company C, and Robert 
Matthews, company G, were dangerously wounded, while the 
other three, Louis Wright, company L, AVilliam T. Wilson, 
company A, and Michael Welch, compau}' II, escaped injury. 

Joseph R. Fitch, of company L, ruslied in advance of his 
company and w^reuched the enemy's flag from the color-bear- 
er. It was a richly made banner, bearing the inscription: 
"Fowler Guards." Clay Smith, of company B, shot a rebel 
sharp-shooter from the top of a tree. Orderly Sergeant 
James S. Casper, of company E, a valuable young officer, 
who was killed in the taking of the battery, was especially 
regretted by his comrades and officers. The heroism and gal- 
lant conduct of all the officers, receives the highest encomi- 
ums in Colonel Macauley's report. 

Owing to the great loss sustained by General McGinnis' 
bri""ade, in this battle, it was left behind to clear the field, take 
care of prisoners, gather arms, etc. The wounded, under 
competent surgeons and nurses were left behind in a large 
general hospital. 

On the evening of the twentieth, the regiment, after a halt 
at Black river pushed on for Yicksburg, which place it reach- 
ed at noon on the twenty-first, and took its position in sup- 
port of General Osterhaus' division, on the left of the center. 
On the twenty-second was made that desperate charge on the 
breastworks, in which so many lives were lost, in the vain 
attempt to capture that almost impregnable position. On 
failure of the attack the Eleventh resumed its former place, 
and participated in the ever memorable siege of Vicksblirg. 
Colonel Macauley, who had remained with the regiment in 



KEGIMENTAL HISTORY. 275 

an old buggy since the sixteenth, was forced by the severity 
of his wound to make his way to a hospital boat at Haines' 
Bluff, and go north. 

The part taken by the Eleventh in the protracted siege of 
the confederate Gibraltar, was about the same as that of "i it- 
er regiments. The opposing lines of pickets often stood all 
night within two paces of each other. In front of the Elev- 
enth, the feeling, apart from the rigid prosecution of the 
siege, was- very amicable. Colonels Johnson and Jackson, 
commanding the Twenty-Ninth and Fifteenth Georgia regi- 
ments, more than once, when the approach of the irresistible 
working parties were more rapid than usual, sent word to 
Colonel Darnall, that if the work was not stopped, batteries 
would be opened upon them. On such occasions. General 
McGinnis would get his brigade in readiness, and order the 
work to go on. 

About this time the enlisted men of the Eleventh, present- 
ed to General McGinnis, a valuable horse brought from Indi- 
ana for the purpose. Although, on account of the siege 
there was no formal ceremonies, the general received the gift 
with a high appreciation of the motives prompting it. 

On the morning of the fourth of July, after the glorious 
news of the fall of Vicksburg was officially promulgated^ the 
soldiers imagined that they would have a season of rest from 
such unnatural fatigue ; but such was not the case. Without 
being permitted even to march into the captured city, an order 
reached the regiment within an hour, to be prepared to march 
to Jackson early the next morning in an advance against 
Johnson's army. 

On the seventeenth of July, Jackson was occupied by the 
federal troops, after a vigorous siege of seven days, in which 
the Eleventh was constantly in the front and under fire. John- 
son's army evacuated in the night, and left Jackson partially 
in flames. The entire destruction by Sherman, of the rail- 
roads and Government property, left its occupation by the 
rebels no longer a matter of fear, and the troops returned to 
Vicksburg. 

On the twenty-fourth, the tents and baggage were sent for, 
and a camp established on the bank of the Mississippi, just 



27G REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

below the town, wlic-n many of tlic oflicerH and men were re- 
galed with furloughs, and left to visit their friends in the 
north. 

The loss in the regiment at Vicksburg, was five killed and 
nine wounded. The total loss to the regiment in the cam- 
paign, was thirty-six killed instantly, one hundred and sixty- 
eight wounded — many of whom died — and thirteen missing; 
an aggregate of two hundred and seventeen men. 

The new camp was hardly arranged, before the boats of the 
massive fleet commenced landing, and on the fourth of Aug- 
ust, the regiment was ordered to embark on the Diana, for 
Natchez. The same day Colonel Dan. Macauley, having re- 
covered, rejoined the regiment, and Lieutenant Colonel Dar- 
nall, relieved from his arduous duties, took advantage of a 
" leave of absence," and went north, accompanied by the 
worthy Adjutant McMullen. 

The regiment remained in Natchez, about one week, and 
then removed to New Orleans, and pitched their tents in Car- 
rolton, a suburban portion of the Crescent city. 

On the twenty-second, and also on the twenty-ninth of 
Auo-ust, General Banks reviewed the Thirteenth Corps, and 
it was again reviewed by Generals Grant and Banks, on the 
fourth of September. The soldiers received their old Gen- 
eral with the most enthusiastic demonstrations. 

In a few days after this occurence, the regiment broke up 
camp and embarked on a steamer for Algiers — opposite New 
Orleans — from whence they were transported by rail road, to 
Brashear City, Louisiana, which was to be the base of sup- 
plies for the contemplated movement, overland, against Texas.. 

Tents and baggage were now left behind, and in light 
marching order, the regiment moved ofi" for a march through 
the Techee country. After three months of constant travel, 
the men found themselves late in November, encamped at 
New Iberia, Louisiana. 

The regiment at this time, had present for duty, twenty- 
seven officers, and four hundred and forty enlisted men. 
Many changes in officers had occurred, a number having re- 
signed, as follows : Captain, Ed. T. Wallace — loss of sight — 



REG.IMENTAL HISTORY. 277 

Lieutenants Calloway, Troth, Kuder, Jones, Budd and Ha- 
mar. Captain Livsey was made Assistant Adjutant General. 

December fourth, a large recruiting party was sent home 
from each Indiana regiment. That of the Eleventh consisted 
of Lieutenant Colonel Darnall, Captain Custer, company F, 
and ten sergeants. About this time General Cameron, re- 
ceived the afflicting news of the death of his beloved wife, at 
Valparaiso, Indiana, and went home at once to care for his 
family on short leave of absence. His departure and that of 
the other Indiana Colonels, on recruiting service, left the 
command of the brigade to Colonel Macauley, and the regi- 
ment to Major George Butler, an accomplished officer. 

The question of veteran re-enlistments was now being 
strongly agitated in the Eleventh, and at first all seemed to 
favor it, but the disappointment of the soldiers in not receiv- 
ing veteran furloughs, as had been promised, and the utter 
lack of co-operation on the part of the Department Com- 
mander, General Banks, and his numerous assistants, discour- 
aged the men, and all thoughts of re-enlistment was for the 
time abandoned. 

On the eighteenth, the division under General McGinnis, 
was ordered to Algiers, en route for Texas. The brig-ade ar- 
rived at Algiers on the twenty-second, and spent a very wet 
and gloomy Christmas, while waiting for General McGinnis 
to come up from Brashear. 

Thus, in the rain, and mud and cold, the brigade waited 
for transportation, till January 17, 1864, when the order 
was countermanded as far as related to the troops at Algiers, 
and the Texas bubble, as far as the Eleventh was concerned, 
exploded. 

The brigade was then transferred to Major General Rey- 
nolds' command, who, being an Indiana General, was shelved 
in the city of New Orleans, by being ordered to relieve a col- 
onel in command of " defenses," after which the brigade was 
ordered to Madisonville, across Lake Ponchartrain — a most 
beautiful spot. Quite a tbrce was sent there under command 
of Brigadier General C. Grover, a regular ofiicer, and a fine 
one. 

Being so far removed from New Orleans influence, th-e vet- 



278 UKOIMENTAL IlISTOKY. 

erjin quostion \v;is ai^ain .subinitte<l to the iiiuii, jukI al'ier a 
week or more recruiting, tlie requisite nuiubcr to form tiie 
new orgauizatioii was obtained. Those who did not re-eulist 
were transferred to serve out tlicir time, wliilo the regiment 
was absent on furlough, to the Eighty-Third Ohio Volunteers, 
there being no Indiana regiment at the place, except those in 
a similar condition. 

On the twenty-second of February, Chaplain llibbeu, who 
had been, for the past year, on detached service in Mem{)liis, 
arrived, and on the same day the order from Department 
Ilead-qudrters, granting furloughs to the regiment to go 
home, via New York, was received. 

On the twenty-third, the regiment moved from Madison- 
ville, across the lake, to a place called Gentilly Station, near 
New Orleans, where it remained until the fourth of March, 
when it marched to Bull's Head Landing, and embarked on 
the ocean steamer Charles Thomas, for New York. 

Reaching New York on the 17th, the regiment marched to 
the Soldier's Home, in City Hall Park, Broadway, and were 
well entertained. It afterwards marched through Broadway 
and other principal streets, eliciting much attention and 
praise. They also had a dress parade in front of the City 
Hall, drawing an immense concourse of eager spectators. It 
was said by the New York Herald, to be the finest dress pa- 
rade ever witnessed in that city. 

The regiment arrived at Indianapolis, on the twenty-second 
of March, 1864, and, on the next day had one of the grandest 
receptions, ever tendered by citizens to returning heroes. 

On the twenty-third the regiment disbanded, and each 
member went his way with a thirty days furlough, leaving 
arms and equipments in the State House at Indianapolis; and 
free from military restraint, they all enjoyed themselves finely 
until the twenty-ninth of April, when they again assembled, 
took up arms, and on the thirtieth, marched from Camp Car- 
rington to the cars, and were " off to the war again." 

THIRD ORGANIZATION. 

Having received about ninety recruits, the regiment num- 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY, 279 

bered in all, three hundred and ninety men. The following 
is the roster under the new organization : 

Field and Staff. — Colonel, Daniel Macanley ; Lieutenant 
Colonel, AV. W. Darnall ; Major, George Butler; Adjutant, 
Ilarrj' Mc?vlullen ; Quartermaster, John W. Coons; Surgeon, 
John A. Com.ingore ; Assistant Surgeon, John T. Scearce ; 
Second Assistant Surgeon, James Wilson ; Chaplain, H. B. 
Hibben. 

Company A. — Captain, Henry Kemper ; First Lieutenant, 
B. IL Copeland. 

Convpany B. — Captain, Thomas C. Pursell ; First Lieuten- 
ant, Fred. Frank. 

Company C. — First Lieutenant, George Simmons. 

Company D. — -Captain, John E. Megrew; First Lieutenant, 
William S. Mullen. 

Company E. — Captain, Nicholas R. Ruckle ; First Lieuten- 
ant, Henry Wentz. 

Company F. — Captain, Jesse Custer; First Lieutenant, 
William Pause. 

Compayiy G. — Captain, John F. Caven ; First Lieutenant, 
Thomas B. Woods; Second Lieutenant, Thomas W. Dur- 
ham. 

Company H. — Captain, Randolph Kellogg; First Lieuten- 
ant, David Wilson. 

Company I. — Captain, John W. Ross ; First Lieutenant, 
Joseph B. Simpson.. 

Company K. — Captain, John Frick ; First Lieutenant, 
Charles McGinley. 

The regiment proceeded from Cairo, down the river to 
Memphis, where it remained a few days, and then started for 
Kew Orleans. At Carrolton, Louisiana, it was under orders 
to prepare for Red River, where General Banks and his army 
and naval squadron, were blockaded after the disastrous Red 
River Expedition. The regiment remained at Carrolton, fit- 
ting out for the field, until the twenty-fourth of May, and the 
non-veterans were returned for duty, adding about one hun- 
dred and fifty men to the ranks. On the twenty-first the 
regiment Buffered a severe loss, by the death of Willis Reid, 
a member af the band, and a gentleman beloved by all. 



280 iu:(;i.mi:nt.\l iii.stoky. 

On tlio twenty-sixtli, the Kleveiitli reiiclicd Thiboiliinx, a 
beautiful little town on the Hayou La Fourche, whore C()h)iiel 
Macaulcy was placctl in foinniaiid ol" the post, ani] Brigadier 
GeiU'ial Cameron, in command of the district. Here Chap- 
lain Ilibben resigned, and was succeeded by Kev. A. S. Ames, 
of Shelbyville, Indiana. 

On the eighth of July, the regiment moved to Algiers, and 
on the tenth. Colonel Macauley was [)ut in command of the 
brigade, by General McGinnis, On the eleventh, by order of 
General Canby, the regiment was transferred from the Thir- 
teenth to the Nineteenth (General Grover's) Corps. This 
chan"-e was much regretted by every man in the Eleventh, 
for they were much attached to their old commander. General 
McGinnis. 

Under sealed orders, the regiment embarked on the nine- 
teenth, on the steamer Cassandra, with fifteen days rations. 
The orders were opened on the twentieth, when out in the 
Gulf and it was ascertained that the regiment was destined 
for Fortress Monroe, Virginia, at which place itarrivedon the 
twenty-eighth, and was ordered by Captain Shafer, of Gen- 
eral Butler's staff, to proceed without disembarking to Wash- 
ino-ton, which place was arrived at next morning disembark- 
ing, it marched to Chain Bridge, and reported to Major Gen- 
eral Emory, of the Nineteenth Corps. 

On the thirtieth, General Grover not arriving. Colonel 
Macauley was placed in command of the second division of 
the corps, consisting of ten regiments and a half, and was 
ordered the same day to proceed immediately to the Monocacy 
Junction, with ten da^'s rations and two hundred rounds of 
ammunition. 

Early and his rebel hordes were ravaging the Shenandoah 
Valley, threatening many of our most important points. Har- 
per's Ferry was threatened, and fears that General Grant's 
Richmond Campaign would bo seriously interfered with 
were entertained. Our force at Motiocacy, consisted of de- 
tachments of the Nineteenth Corps, under Major General 
Emory, together with some hastily organized cavalry. Wiiile 
there General Hunter's army returned from their fatiguing 



REGIMENTAL IIISTOKY. 281 

trip to Staunton, which for want of ammunition, came near 
being disastrous. 

The 8hena.ndoah Valley had been truly a " Valley of Hu- 
miliation " to the federal armies, and fears were entertained 
that the proposed campaign would prove as fruitless as those 
preceeding it. 

On the fourth of August, Colonel Macauley was relieved 
from the command of the division by Colonel J. L. Molineaux 
— senior in rank — and he again assumed command of the 
regiment. An order to reinforce Harper's Ferry came the 
same evening, and the Eleventh was selected by General 
Emory, to proceed there immediately by rail. When five 
companies had succeeded in climbing on to the box cars, fur- 
ther delay was thought to be dangerous and the train was 
started — Colonel Macauley going with the detachment — leav- 
ing Major Butler in command. By the sixth of August 
however, the entire force from Monocacy was on the march 
from Harper's Ferry — in the language of the " boys " — to 
" see where Captain Early was." 

Colonel Macauley was placed in command of the brigade, 
consisting of the Eleventh, Fourteenth New Hampshire, and 
Third and Thirty-Eighth Massachusetts. Camping at Hall- 
town a few days they were joined by the Sixth and Eighth 
Corps, with some good cavalry, making an efficient army for 
the pursuit of " Captain Early." 

About the tenth of August, General Phil. Sheridan — a 
stranger to the Eleventh — took command of the army, and 
began a forward movement toward the enemy at Winchester. 

We will not tire the reader with a detailed account of the 
marching and counter-marching in the Valley — with its 
numerous skirmishes and incidents — in which the Eleventh 
bore a prominent part, but, after noting a few changes that 
occurred, will proceed with a relation of the action of the 
regiment in the battle of Winchester. 

General Grover, having arrived and taken command of the 
division, Colonel Molineaux took charge of the brigade, and 
Colonel Macauley returned to his regiment. 

On the twenty-eighth the Eleventh found itself advanced 
to Summit Point, on the road to Winchester, and the non- 



282 P.ECr.MENTAL HISTORY. 

veter:iiis whose term of onliptnuMit had expirod, here left, the 
regiment, under charge of Captain Caven, f(»r Harper's Ferry, 
to be mustered out. Lieutenant Coh)nel Darnall, tired of the 
service, accompanied tliem. The parting between these war- 
worn veterans was very atfecting, one part going toward the 
battlc-iield to face new dangers and gain more laurels, the 
Others going liomc to meet their friends. God bless them all ; 
they served their countr}' faithfully. On the thirteenth, Sur- 
geon Comingorc's resignation was accepted. He was u tal- 
ented and genial gentlemati, and an excellent surgeon ; his 
loss was much regretted. 

About this time the elections in the north created quite 
an excitement, and the vote of the regiment was taken. It 
resulted as follows: Lincoln, 320; McClellan, 16 ; Fremont, 
1; Morton, 333; McJ)onald, 5. The officers voted unani- 
mously for Lincoln and Morton. 

BATTLE OF WINCU ESTER. 

On the eighteenth of September, orders came to be ready 
to move at a moments notice. Early in the morning, after a 
sleepless night, the regiment reached Opequan creek, about 
half way between Berryville and AVinchester. Heavy firing 
was heard in the front, and the very air seemed heavy with 
battle. As the regiment marched on towards Winchester, 
wounded in great numbers were being brought to the rear, 
and field hospitals were passed at every turn. AVhen the 
field was at last reached, the corps was filed to the right, the 
Sixth corps holding the left, while the Eighth was held in 
reserve. The brigade in which was tlie Eleventh, was in the 
second line, di recti}' in rear of that of General Birge. Soon 
the order "forward!" was given, and on went the lines, 
through apiece of woods into which the shot and shell were 
falling thick and fast. Keaching the edge of the woods, an 
open field some eight hundred \'ards wide, was discovered, 
descending from both sides to the center, on the opposite side 
of which was the rebel lines of battle. For a moment the 
brigade was halted in the edge of the woods, before entering 
the fatal field. Birc^o's line advfinced direetlv across it in fine 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 288 

style, under a murderous tire, and broke the rebel lines. The 
second line followed fast, and iu a moment was in the midst 
of the storm of bullets. Soon the meu began to fall on every 
side. The enemy liad rallied, and Birge's line began to waver. 
Captain Jesse Custer, of company I, and Lieutenant T. B. 
"Woods, of company G, two gallant officers of the Eleventh, 
had fallen, severely wounded. Still on went the regiment 
without faltering, and when within two hundred yards of the 
woods, Birge's line, much broken, came back in haste, though 
not running or panic stricken. The enemy were hot upon 
their heels, and the second line were halted iu the field to re- 
ceive both friend and foe. The exultant rebels pressed on to 
the edge of the woods, plowing the field with their artillery. 
The troops on the left of the brigade had fallen back to the 
woods, and those on the right had gone to a considerable dis- 
tance on the flank, leaving a large gap uncovered. The 
consequence was that the line was enfiladed, and a most dam- 
aging fire came tearing up and down the ranks, as well as 
from the front. All had fallen back but the Eleventh and 
One Hundred and Thirty-First New York, which was on the 
left. A large force of rebels now boldly advanced against the 
right flank of the regiment. Captain Is^. R. Ruckle was in- 
stantly directed by Colonel Macauley, to attend to them wdth 
an oblique fire of the two companies on the right. The 
rebels still advanced to within pistol shot, and at this moment 
Lieutenant Copeland of the brigade stafi", came dashing up 
with an order from Colonel Molineaux, to fall back across the 
field to the woods. This order was reluctantly obejed, the 
two little regiments facing the enemy and fighting as they 
slowl}^ retreated. A few of our men were so busily engaged 
in fighting that the order to fall back was not heard by them, 
and they fell into the hands of the enemy. Lieutenant Joseph 
Simpson and Sergeant Ristine, were among the number. 
Major Butler's horse was shot from under him. 

A desperate attempt to gain the woods was now being 
made by the enem3\ Our first advance had failed, with a 
heavy loss, but they made a grand mistake in supposing us' 
whipped. The lines were rallied in the very edge of the 
woods, presenting an unbroken and undaunted front. On 



284 HKdrMKNTAL lIl.-KiKV. 

they came, almost to the woods, and uiidei* a terrihlo fire ; but 
they were beginning to waver, and mingled with the noi.se ot 
battle was heard the derisive cheers of oar men. Suddenly 
the rebels broke — stopped — tired another volley into our lines 
— and lied, straggling and falling back confusedly. 

in an instant, and ajiparently without orders, our line 
moved steadily forward, our color-bcarer, the gallant Seston, 
pressing steadily in advance of all, waving the dear old flag 
high in air, regardless of the dangers surrounding him. "When 
about lialf way across the field orders were received to lialt 
and hold the position. General Sheridan, then at that part 
of the line, had determined to throw in his reserved Eighth 
Corps, and it was accordingly marching around our rear to 
the extreme right, to perform a flanking operation in con- 
junction with a grand charge of the glorious Cavalry Corps. 
The rebels rallied again in our immediate front, and gave 
signs of an earl}'' and formidable advance movement. The 
ammunition was nearly expended, the cartridges averaging not 
more than three to a man. It was partially divided, and pre- 
parations made for a bayonet charge, the orders being impera- 
tive to hold the position. Word was received that ammuni- 
tion would be sent if possible. The enemy were now 
moving slowly from the woods in front, and it was uncertain 
how soon a charge by them would be made. Orders were 
received to wait as long as possible, and new regiments would 
be sent out. By great exertion the ground was held until 
the promised relief came, and with it an order for the Eleventh 
to march back to the ammunition train in the woods, and fill 
cartridge boxes. At this time poor Seston, whose devotion 
to the beloved flag had been so sincere and prominent, fell, 
shot through the breast, and crying " Some one catch the 
flag !" threw it into the hands of Corporal Henry Bierbovver, 
and fell dead to the ground. 

As the regiment passed back to the ammunition train, they 
were met by General Sheridan and staflt*. The General, reign- 
ing his horse, inquired of Colonel Macauley, " Where are you 
going!" " For cartridges," answered the Colonel. "That's 
right, fill up and come right back. 11 — 1, we havn't com- 



BEGIMENTAL HISTORY 285 

menced the fight yet — got ten thousand fresh men we're just 
sending in on the right!" 

Cartridges were obtained and boxes filled, and Colonel M., 
ordering the regiment to lie down and rest, walked forward 
— his horse having been shot — to the front, to see how things 
were going and obtain orders. In a few moments the order to 
bring the regiment to the front was given, and immediately 
obeyed. As it reached there the fianking Eighth Corps burst 
upon the scene, far to the right and at right angles with our 
present line. Every thing was pushed forward in an instant, 
and the cavalry was seen dashing en masse, to the charge. 
The movement so skilfully executed was perfectly successful, 
and the rebels fell back faster and still faster — and the day 
was w^on. This was the last of the actual fight, but the re- 
treating rebels were pursued quite a distance by the cavalry. 

The total loss of the regiment in the engagement was eighty- 
one killed and wounded. 



BATTLE OF FISHER S HILL. 

The next day the rebels were pursued to Fisher's Hill, some 
twenty miles from Winchester, the strongest position in 
the valley, and only accessible from the extreme left. The 
place was reached early in the evening, and skirmishing be- 
gan with the rebel outposts. Late in the evening. General 
Grover — commanding the division — placed Colonel Macauley 
in command of the Third brigade, to supply the place of 
Colonel Jacob Sharpe, who was wounded on the eighteenth. 
Major George Butler assumed command of the regiment. 

Early on the morning of the twenty-first, a movement 
nearer the enemy was made, while strong demonstrations 
were kept up during the day and ensuing night. At four 
o'clock, A. M., of the twenty-second came the order to advance 
in earnest. The Nineteenth Corps had the left of the army, 
and the Eighth the right, while the Sixth was supposed to be 
in reserve. Colonel Macauley's brigade was on the extreme 
left, the Second brigade in which was the Eleventh, being 
next. Within rifle shot distance in front, was the precipice 
defended by Early and his host, bristling with field pieces. 



286 REOIMKNTAli IlIPTORY. 

At tlie base was the Slicnamloali, crossed by a little stone 
bridge, tlie only available means of eotnniiinication witli Fish- 
er's Hill. Tlie enemy bad planted a strong skirmish line in 
ritli'-{>its on our siilo of" tlie \v;it(>r. M^lic ground we bad bold 
during ibe day was bigb, and a descent to tbe level of the 
bridge was necessary before crossing. Here under a damag- 
ing fire from tbe enemy's sbarp-sbootei's tbey tbrew up a rifle- 
pit, wliile a skirmish line was sent out to annoy and engage 
tbe attention of tbe enemy as much as possible. Light bat- 
teries were put into position, and kept up a desultory fire, but 
how Fisber's Hill was to be taken in tins manner, was a 
mystery. General Slieridan frequently came around, and 
after looking serenely at tbe batteries on tbe bill, would look 
at bis watch, as impatiently as tbe Duke of Wellington, at 
the battle of "Waterloo, wben be exclaimed, "0, tbat night 
or Blucber would come !" Tins he did several times, until it 
became apparent to those near him tbat tbe watch had some- 
thing to do with the taking of the bill. About three o'clock 
he came around to witness a cbarge to be made by a regi- 
ment from each brigade, ui)on the rifle-pits. Watcbes were 
set, and the charge made exactly at four o'clock, p. m. It was 
entirely successful, and the rebels were driven to the other 
side of the creek. Matters were now fast coming to a crisis. 
All were ordered to be ready to cbarge at once. Tbe cannon 
were all set to work, the men yelled, fired tbeir guns, and 
filled tbe air with all kinds of demoniacal noises. Tbe rebels 
responded vigorously, and in a few moments came tbe order 
to charge. Forward moved the entire line, under a most 
galling fire from the enemy. The range was short, and there 
was no protection. All were wondering what such a strange 
movement meant. None knew but Sheridan. The part of 
the line in which was the Eleventb, advanced through an 
open field, where the rebels could be plainly seen in their 
works. Nearer and still nearer they drew, men falling on 
every side, when all at once a commotion of an extraordinary 
nature seemed to have startled the rebels. Suddenly they 
stop firing and cheering, and then, as though the very devil 
was after them, they scamper from their position like so many 
sheep. What is the matter? But look! The ubiquitous 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 287 

Sheridan and staff now bursts upon the view, from tlie woods 
just in the rear of our line, mounted on a beautiful white 
charger. "With hat in hand, and an excited expression on his 
face, be dashes along the lines and shouts, " Forward, men! 
D — n it, we have everything! Forward! Their guns and 
works, and their army ! Forward men : forward! they're run- 
ning !" And his voice died on the air, as he swept to the 
extreme left, an exultant and enthusiastic conqueror. His 
watch and the Sixth Corps had kept good time. This corps 
had spent the day in passing in rear of the army, far to the 
right, through by paths and blind roads, until at the exact 
moment, they came down upon the rebels like a whirlwind, 
struck them in the vital spot, and ruined their army beyond 
redemption. 

A strife immediately commenced between the regiments, 
to gain the little bridge first. The road was choked by them. 
Some went through the creek, yelling and cheering, others 
crowded and scrambled through the bridge without method 
or order, after the flying enemy. 

As so much space has already been occupied with the Elev- 
enth, we will not follow them in pursuit of the rebels through 
the valley, when they were constantly in the advance and 
rendered most valuable service. 

In the second battle of Fisher's Hill, where the sudden 
arrival of Sheridan so miraculously saved the day, it bore a 
prominent part, and secured for itself a still more pro-minent 
page in the history of the war. General Molineaux, com- 
manding the brigade in which it served, states in his official 
report, that " Corporal Henry Bierbower, carrying the colors of 
the Eleventh Indiana, was the first man with a flag upon the 
breast-works of the position lost in the morning. The regi- 
ment lost fifty-two, killed and wounded. Major George Butler, 
Adjutant John Macauley, Captain iST. R. Ruckle, and other 
officers received special mention. Colonel Macauley, com- 
manding the Third brigade, had his horse shot from under 
him, and had a very narrow escape from being wounded. 

On January sixteenth the Eleventh started for Baltimore, 
Maryland, en route for Savannah, with General Grover's divi- 
sion. By special order of General Grunt, it remained on 



288 REGIMKNTAL IIISTORT. 

duty until mustori'd out, .Inly twentiotli. It left Baltimore, 
July twenty-eighth, for lM<li:iii:ii-olis, where it arrived on the 
third of August. On the fourth the citizens gave it another 
grand reception, and it was payed off, and finally discharged. 

SIXTH REGIMENT. 

This regiment, immediately after disbanding from the three 
months service, commenced reorganizing under the Presi- 
dent's call for three years volunteers. Many of its ofiicers 
accepted positions in new regiments, Captains Baldwin, 
Abbett and Tripp being all the officers of the original organi- 
zation who remained with the regiment after re-enlistment. 
The regiment met in general rendezvous at North Madison 
on the twenty-sixth of August, 1861, and was mustered into 
the service on the eleventh of September following. The 
roster, under the new organization, was as follows : 

Field and Staff Officers. — Colonel, Thomas T. Crittenden, 
Madison ; Lieutenant Colonel, Iliram Prather, North Vernon ; 
Major, Augustus II. Abbett, Columbus; Adjutant, John Earn- 
shau, Madison; Pegimental Quarter Master, William E. 
McLeland, Madison ; Surgeon, Charles Shussler, Madison ; 
Assistant Surgeon, Nathan B. Sparks, Madison; Chaplain, 
Resin M. Barnes, Madison. 

Company A. — Captain, Phileman P. Baldwin, ^Madison; 
First Lieutenant, Delaney Kavanaugh, Madison; Second 
Lieutenant, Thomas J. Moore, Madison. 

Compaivj B. — Captain, Ilegerman Tripp, North Vernon; 
First Lieutenant, Samuel F. McKeehan, North Vernon ; Sec- 
ond Lieutenant, Frank M. Rush, North Vernon. 

Company C. — Captain, Allen W. Prather, Columbus; First 
Lieutenant, James A. "Willette, Columbus; Second Lieuten- 
ant, Jacob Hoover, Canal Fulton, Ohio. 

Company D. — Captain, Samuel Russell, Madison; First 
Lieutenant, Andrew J. Grayson, Madison ; Second Lieuten- 
ant, Charles F. Miller, Madison. 

Company E. — Captain, Charles Van Trees, Washington ; 
First Lieutenant, Henry C. Hall, senior, Washington; Second 
Lieutenant, Abanson Solomon, Washington. 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. " 289 

Company F. — Captain, J. R, B. Glasscock, Madison; First 
Lieutenant, Andrew J. Newland, Madison; Second Lieuten- 
ant, Moses Crawford, Madison. 

Company G. — Captain, James Moffit, Elizabethtown; First 
Lieutenant, Samuel T. Finney, Elizabethtown; Second Lieu- 
tenant, Josiah Fultz, Elizabethtown. 

Company H. — Captain, William M. Davis, Bennington ; 
First Lieutenant, John Charlton, Bennington ; Second Lieu- 
tenant, John Neal, Bennington. 

Company I. — Captain, Calvin D. Campbell, Butterville; 
First Lieutenant, Silas D. Huckleberry, Butterville; Second 
Lieutenant, George W. Crabb, Butterville. 

Company K. — Captain, George W. Brown, Holton; First 
Lieutenant, William H. Smock, Hanover ; Second Lieutenant, 
George R. Green, Holton. 

A few days after the re-organization of the Sixth for the 
three years' campaign, the exciting rumors of Morgan's ad- 
vance upon Louisville were freely circulated, and fears of an 
invasion of our own State were entertained. The regiment 
not being supplied with arms or uniforms, a requisition was 
immediately made for six hundred stand of arms and ammu- 
nition, and on the twentieth of September it started by river 
for Louisville. The Sixth at this time presented a motley 
appearance. Some of the members wore uniforms worn 
thread-bare in the service, while others were clothed in a 
variety of habilliments befitting the different avocations they 
had pursued previous to enlisting. These variegated cos- 
tumes called forth severe strictness from the press of the city 
they had volunteered to defend, and they were termed an 
"armed rabble," capable of but little service. 

After partaking of a supper prepared by the ladies of Lou- 
isville the regiment proceeded to the depot of the Louisville 
and Nashville railroad, and as they marched with measured 
tread through the streets rebel banners were flaunted in their 
faces by secessionists, while cheer upon cheer was given by 
the union loving inhabitants. The Sixth was the first regi- 
ment from any other State, that entered Kentucky to rein- 
force the gallant Rosseau and his brave legion. The regiment 

Vol. II.— 19. 



290 REGIMENTAL HISTORY, 

was hurried on to Lebanon Junction, where were stationed 
several companies of " Louisville Home Guards." 

The next day they marched to Colesburgh, wading Rolling 
Fork, a branch of Salt River, w^aist deep. At Colesburgh 
they halted and received their uniforms, when they renewed 
their march to join Rosseau at Muldrough's Hill. Two Ohio 
and two Indiana regiments joined them there. 

The forces were now under command of General Sherman. 
The Sixth was sent forward four miles beyond Elizabethtown. 
The enemy were on the retreat, stripping the country of 
horses, mules and provisions. A detachment under Captain 
Baldwin, was immediately sent to Nolin Station, about eight 
miles distant, but encountered no enemy except a few strag- 
gling cavalry. The forces under command of General Mc- 
Cook were now moved to Nolin Creek, and the Sixth was in 
advance on the south side of the stream. Captain Tripp was 
put in command of a small detachment to discover rebel 
sympathizers in the surrounding country, and arrest all per- 
sons found giving *' aid and comfort" to the enemy. This 
party consisted of Lieutenants McKeehan and Charlton, Ser- 
geants Patterson and Prather, and seven privates. An old 
man familiarly known as "silver head" acted as guide. His 
property had been confiscated by the rebels, and his sons were 
conscripts in the rebel army. The party wended its way to 
his residence, ten miles distant, and partook of the hospitality 
of the old guide, whose wife and children had mourned him 
as dead. Their joy at his return can be better imagined than 
described. Several arrests were made in this vicinity, and at 
dark the party started to disarm a noted rebel and desperado 
named Pucket, who was the terror of the neighborhood. 
They reached his house about nine o'clock, where a light was 
dimly burning. Dismounting, they quietly and cautiously 
surrounded the house, and the captain and two men went to 
the door and demanded admittance. Receiving no answer, 
the door was burst open, when Pucket was discovered in the 
act of taking down his rifle from the rack. The captain or- 
dered him to let his weapon remain, as no violence was in- 
tended. The order was disobeyed, and he raised his gun to 
fire, when the captain shot him through the breast. Sergeant 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 291 

Prather at the same time shot him through the right arm. 
His guQ dropped to the floor, and the captain and sergeant 
stepped from the house. The door was immediately set on 
fire by the women inside. An entrance was again forced, 
and then followed a scene of v/ild confusion, which was 
enough to make the blood curdle in one's veins. There lay 
the desperado, still wild and defiant, weltering in his blood; 
the children screamed and the women wailed most piteously. 
In the midst of the uproar the house was searched, and a 
rifle, shot gun, revolver and two small pistols were found 
secreted. Pucket's wounds were dressed by Lieutenants Mc- 
Keehan and Charlton, and the party pursued its way disarm- 
ing and arresting many rebels. At dawn of day their prison- 
ers were brought safely into camp. The Sixth became well 
known in this part ofc Kentucky, and was well spoken of by 
the loyal citizens. Here the " pioneer brigade " was formed, 
composed of the Sixth Indiana and First Ohio, Louisville 
Legion and battallions of regulars ; all under command of 
Colonel Rosseau. As soon as brigaded they were moved 
back across^ the stream, where they established " Camp 
Hoosier," near the famous "Camp Nevin." During their 
stay here they were reviewed by Governor Morton and Hon. 
John J. Crittenden. 

At Upton Station, eight miles south, there was a recruiting 
rendezvous for the rebel army. The Sixth was sent to dis- 
perse them, and it accordingly marched to within one mile of 
the place where Colonel Crittenden halted the main body, send- 
ing Captain Tripp in command of two companies, to the rear 
of the village, and Lieutenant McKeehan, with a detachment 
of twenty men, two miles beyond the village, to the residence 
of the guerrilla leader, with instruction to capture him if 
possible. At the appointed time all moved upon the village, 
but the rebels had evacuated it, and the " leader " was also 
gone. The detachment confiscated the contents of a store 
belonging to a Mr. Upton, and brought in three serviceable 
horses. 

On the twenty-fifth of November, another advance of the 
whole force was made to within two miles of Upton. Here 
the Sixth tried the experiment of burrowing in the ground 



292 RK(iIMl!:NTAL HISTORY. 

likenibbits, bntu hard winter storm soon made thera conclude 
tluit, liouuver well adapted such houses were to quadrupeds, 
they were totally unfit for bipeds. About midnight the 
" boys " crawled from their holes, as wet as drowned rats. 
Morning came at last, and with it, an order to move camp to 
the west side of the railroad. * 

The twenty-eighth (Thanksgiving) was a gala day for the 
Sixth. A special train from Louisville brought to the camp 
about one hundred ladies and gentlemen. The patriotic 
ladies of the sixth ward, fully appreciating the former ser- 
vices of the regiment in protecting the city from the threat- 
ened invasion, selected this day as a fit time to present some 
token of their gratitude. A splendid flag, with the inscrip- 
tion " Presented to the Sixth Regiment Indiana Volunteers 
by the ladies of the Sixth Ward of Louisville," was present- 
ed to the regiment in a neat and appropriate address by one 
of the ladies. A suitable response was made by Colonel 
Crittenden, and speeches delivered by Hon. Mr. Guthrie and 
General Rosseau. A splendid and most bountiful repast was 
spread by the fair visitors, on a temporary table composed of 
inverted wagon beds, and all were invited to partake of the 
Thanksgiving dinner, to which they did full justice. As the 
train carried the ladies toward their homes, the band of 
the Sixth struck up " Home, Sweet Home." Many a tear 
was seen coursing its way down sun-browned and weather- 
tanned cheeks — many a sigh was heaved from rough breasts — 
and many a prayer for the "ministering angels" ascended. 
There are but few such oases in a soldier's life. No member 
of the Sixth will ever forget it. The camp was immediately 
christened " Sixth Ward." About this time the burning of 
the Bacon creek bridge caused an advance upon that point. 
The bridge was quickly rebuilt. 

Here Colonel Crittenden was presented with a beautiful 
sword by the officers of the regiment. On the seventeenth 
of December they marched to Green River, and found Wil- 
lich's Germans bringing in their dead and wounded from 
Rowlett's Station, where they routed the Texan forces under 
Terry, killing the latter. The regiment lay at this place dur- 
ing the winter, there being no excitement except that inci- 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 293 

dent to reconnoitering and picket duty. General Mitchell 
here passed McCook's column, and proceeded south, and the 
latter was ordered to the mouth of Salt river. After one 
day's march the order was countermanded, and he followed 
in the wake of Mitchell. The tunnel at or near Pruitt's 
Knob, had caved in, and the railroad track was torn up, which 
caused a halt of several days. The rebels having evacuated 
Bowling Green, Mitchell took possession of it. 

McCooks' division reached JSTashville, crossing the Cumber- 
land on the second of March, and Rosseau's brigade was sent 
four miles out on the Franklin Pike. No harder night was 
ever passed by the brigade. A heavy March shower fell and 
froze to a sleet ; a few members of the brigade were severely 
injured, and one man was frozen to death. Next morning 
they went into camp " Andy Johnson." 

General Buell now commanded five divisions. On the six- 
teenth of March they started for Columbia, Tennessee. The 
bridge being destroyed, a pontoon bridge was laid, under the 
supervision of Lieutenant Moore of the Sixth. On the thirty- 
first of March they left Columbia, and marched toward Ten- 
nessee river, the regiment on the morning of the sixth of 
April, being twenty-eight miles distant. The cannonading in 
the distance was heard about nine o'clock, a. m., and all hast- 
ened forward, feeling that a terrible battle was in progress. 
After a severe march, they reached Savannah at ten o'clock, 
p. M., and embarked on transports for Pittsburg Landing. 
The worst of rumors were afloat concerning our troops ; 
" Cut to pieces !" " Driven to the river !" and like ejaculations 
were common. The Landing was at last reached, but the 
transports were anchored in the river to prevent stragglers 
from boarding them. In the morning the Sixth disembarked, 
and proceeded through the mass of panic stricken soldiers, 
with bayonets fixed, to separate the crowd. When they reach- 
ed the top of the steep bluff, knapsacks were unsTung, and 
the men hurried away to the scene of action. They took 
position on the extreme left of McCook's division. A slow 
but steady advance was made until about eight o'clock, a. m., 
when all came to a stand. The position of the Sixth was 
much exposed to the fire of the enemy, as well as to that of 



294 lUiUIMENTAL IIISTOUV. 

the federal gunboats, and wliile lying down in this j>osiii()n, 
two or tbrce men were killed. There was heavy tiring to 
right and left, as well as in front, until half past one o'clock, 
when the artillery and musketry of the enemy came rattling 
and crashing terrifically through the ranks. Company B 
was deployed to fill up a vacant space caused by the flurging8 
of the division on the left. The rattle of the musketry was 
now nearly drowned in the roar of the deep-mouthed cannon, 
which, to untutored ears, sounded like the "wreck of matter 
and the crash of worlds." Trunks of large trees were shat- 
tered, and the splintered fragments whirled in wild confusion 
through the ladeued air. Shells screeched, and grape and 
canister fell like hail. Ou came the enemy with a hideous 
yell. A battery to the right of the Sixth was in danger, but 
it poured a volley into the rebel ranks which made them reel 
and stagger, and brought their colors to the ground. Up go 
the colors, and onward dash the enemy. Another volley, and 
again they waver, but rally again to the onset. Another 
death-dealing volley, and they "right about" and retreat. 
They move to the right, but only to meet a new disaster. 

The danger at this point was over, and about one o'clock, 
p. M., the fire from the enemy became weaker. At half past, 
the}' were in full retreat for their fortifications at Corinth. 
The battle of Shiloh was ended. The Sixth lost forty-three 
members in killed and wounded. "What a scene was presented 
after the battle ! Thousands of wounded with mangled limbs, 
made night hideous with their heart-piercing groans and 
screams, and when the morning dawned many of them were 
numbered with the gallant dead. The battle field was a 
gloomy forest, and now 

" Each tree that guards its darkaess from the day, 
Waves o'er a warrior's tomb." 

For ten days after this sanguinary conflict our troops lay 
on the field in rain and mud, without tents or covering. 
Then they slowly marched forward, and when within eight 
miles of Corinth, encamped. While here some important 
changes occured : Colonel Crittenden was appointed a Briga- 
dier, and the Lieutenant Colonel resigned. An election was 
held, and Captain Baldwin was elected Colonel, and Captain 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 295 

Tripp Lieutenant Colonel ; Lieutenant Kavanaugh took com- 
mand of company A, and Lieutenant McKeehan of com- 
pany B. 

On the eighth of May, General McCook called upon Cap- 
tain Tripp, to ascertain whether the enemy were in full force 
in the direction of Monterey, a small town five miles from 
our picket lines, and four miles from Corinth. Taking with 
him Lieutenant Williams and six or seven men, he succeeded 
in reaching the town and learning the number and position 
of the enemy. He then returned safely to camp, having pen- 
etrated two lines of rebel outposts. The party narrowly 
escaped capture. 

On the twenty-seventh there was sharp skirmishing in front 
of Corinth, and the 8ixth, with McCook's division, was 
ordered to the front. On the following day they took pos- 
session of a ridge which the enemy were occupying in force. 
Two companies of each regiment were deployed as skirmish- 
ers, and ordered to advance ; those of the Sixth under com- 
mand of Captains Kavanaugh and McKeehan. The other 
eight companies followed close as a reserve. A heavy fire, 
which continued for an hour, was opened upon the skirmish- 
ers. They slowly and steadily advanced until the ridge was 
gained, and the enemy driven toward their works. Here fir- 
ing was kept up all day, and many hair breadth escapes were 
made. The Sixth threw up substantial entrenchments tiiree 
hundred yards in rear of the ridge. On the morning of the 
thirtieth, before daylight, a prisoner from the Twenty-Fifth 
Alabama regiment was taken by company B, who reported the 
evacuation of Corinth. Soon after, the magazine blew up, 
confirming his report. The troops were soon in the city, and 
that night the Sixth made beds in her deserted streets, with 
curb stones for pillows, and 

" Dreamed of battle fields no more, 

Days of danger nor nights of waking." 

Here the regiment remained until the tenth of June, when 
a long and toilsome march was commenced over the sandy 
plains and cedar hills of northern Mississippi and Alabama, 
via Iuka,Tuscumbia, Jackson's Ford, Athens and Huntsville, 
to Stevenson, Alabama, a distance of more than two hundred 



296 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

miles, during the most sultry months of the year. Some, foot- 
sore and weary, dropped by the way side, aad others fell dead 
from the effects of sun-stroke. Many were badly bitten by 
enakes. 

At Stevenson the troops were scattered, and the Sixth w^ere 
ordered to guard the Nashville and Chattanooga railroad. 
They accordingly established their quarters in Little Crow 
Valley, through which the dark and sluggish Crow creek 
wends its way. In a few days however, the regiment went 
to Cowan by rail, and the wagon train was sent overland in 
charge of Captain McKeehan. The trip was a hazardous one, 
as the mountain path was very rugged, and the country in- 
fested with guerrillas. It w^as successfully accomplished, 
and the captain, with bis train and escort, reported at Cow- 
an next day. 

Here Brigadier General Sill, of Ohio, took command of 
the brigade. On the twenty-fourth an advance toward Chat- 
tanooga was made, and from thence to Pelham, where a junc- 
tion was formed with the other two brigades, which had 
crossed over the mountains from Battle creek, hotly pursued 
by the rebel General Bragg's forces. At this place rations of 
green corn and potatoes were all that could be obtained. Mc- 
Cook's division moved out to Alta Monte, in parallel lines 
with Bragg, who was northern bound. Three of Bragg's 
escort were captured by company A, of the Sixth. The divi- 
sion then moved on, having a dash at Forrest's cavalry at the 
base of the mountains, and proceeded without further inter- 
ruption through Manchester, Murfreesboro', Lavergne and 
Nashville, and thence to Bowling Green, Kentucky. From 
there they moved to Green River, where, halting long enough 
to see the brave little garrison at Mumfordsville captured, 
without being allowed the privilege of an attempt to rescue 
them, they moved on to Louisville, reaching there on the 
twenty-seventh of September, and having marched over six 
hundred miles, beneath a scorching sun. 

After a rest of four days the regiment moved to Frankfort, 
where the rebels \vere shelled from the town, and pursued to 
Lawreiiceburg. A skirmish took place with the forces under 
Kirbv Smith. A by-road was here taken leading into the 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 297 

Salt River Knobs. While on the route the rear of General 
Sill's brigade was attacked, and brisk skirmishing continued 
four or live hours, in which five men were killed and thirty 
wounded. The brigade was entirely cut off from the main 
body and surrounded, being extricated only by the magnifi- 
cent manceuvering of General Sill. 

From Perryville they marched to Crab Orchard, and 
counter-marched to Perryville again; thence to T'owling 
Green and Nashville, remaining some time at the latter place. 

On the twenty-fifth of December, a general advance was 
made upon the enemy at Murfreesboro'. McCook's corps 
composed the left wing. Johnson was commanding the divi- 
sion and Colonel Baldwin the brigade, to which the Sixth, 
now under command of Lieutenant Colonel Tripp, belonged. 
Moving toward Triune they met large bodies of the ene- 
my. It was one of the most disagreeable days of the 
year. The rain fell in torrents and the wind blew a heavy 
gale. Streams were swollen and bridges washed away. 
Steadily all day were the enemy driven, and at length com- 
pletely routed. Thus ended one of the hardest day's w^ork 
the Sixth had ever accomplished. Cold and cheerless was the 
night that followed. For the next two days the troops were 
marched and counter-marched. 

On the night of the thirtieth. Colonel Baldwin's brigade 
was ordered four miles to the right of our lines to support a 
cavalry reconnoissance. At one time it was completely sur- 
rounded by the enemy, who were massing their troops on 
that flank, but it made its way back and got into position on 
the right near midnight. 

Bright and early next morning the troops were under arms, 
and had been in line of battle nearly an hour, when the 
euem}^ in serried ranks, came down upon them. The Sixth 
was concealed from view behind temporary breast-works. 
The skirmishers were overwhelmed, but they rallied and fell 
back to the regiment. The enemy moved steadily on. Scat- 
tering volleys were poured into them, nnd the artillery plow- 
ed them through, but they closed tlieir ratiks and came 
steadily on. When within one humlrod and fifty 3'ards of the 
Sixth it poured a destructive fire into their ranks, ])ut again 



298 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

they cloRod up and still advanced. Volley after volley was 
poured successively into their column, yet onward came the 
overpowering host. Retreat was now necessary to prevent 
annihilation. Reluctantly the order was given. The enemy 
were in front, on the right, and on the left. The Sixth ran 
the gauntlet, but galling was the fire that shivered its ranks. 
Vainly did Colonel Baldwin try to rally his brigade, but the 
Sixth was the last of the broken and demoralized right wing 
to leave its post. Thrice had its colors dropped, only to be 
hoisted again. The color sergeant, John E. Tillman, of 
company B, was thrice wounded before he gave up his charge. 
A ball through the knee caused him to fall upon the field. 
Nearly all of the color guard were killed or wounded. Car- 
son was wounded in the thigh, Young received three wounds, 
Meades was shot in the head, and Harold was killed. Captain 
Strader and Lieutenant McGannon were conspicuous in rally- 
ing the scattered fragments. Colonel Baldwin used strenuous 
endeavors to rally the brigade, recklessly exposing his per- 
son to the galling fire of the enemy. Colonel Tripp and 
Major Campbell acted with great coolness and bravery, rally- 
ing their commands at every point where the foe could be 
impeded. With but few exceptions the officers and men 
acquitted themselves nobly. By two o'clock the regiment 
had got into position, and aided in driving the enemy back. 
Its flag was riddled with bullets and torn with shell, but was 
afterwards carried triumphantly by the same gallant sergeant, 
who fell wounded on Stone River's bloody field. 

The regiment after this battle mourned the loss of many 
a brave soldier. Its wounded were in every hospital. A 
noble and christian soldier was lost when brave Ben. Simp- 
son fell. Bitter tears were shed when Harold died, un- 
der the banner he had saved with his blood. No purer 
patriot ever gave his life an offering on Liberty's shrine than 
Corporal Jayne ; no man more brave than Jolly. 

On the twenty-fourth of June the movement against Tulla- 
homa began. The Sixth marched by the way of Liberty 
Gap, where, after a sharp conflict, they dispersed the rebels. 
Remaining at Tullahoma until the sixteenth of August, they 
moved via Winchester and Bellefonte to Alpine, Georgia, a 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 299 

distance of one hundred and twenty-five miles, forming the 
extreme right of the army under General Rosecrans. From 
here they retraced their steps, and by a march of forty- 
five miles, closed npon the main army on West Chicamauga 
creek, on the seventeenth of September. 

About twelve o'clock on the nineteenth of the same month, 
they were thrown into the breach at Chicamauga, where so 
many brave men had already fallen. During the afternoon 
they were in two successful charges, and also participated in 
the grand charge of Saturday night, where Colonel Baldwin, 
commanding the brigade, fell, mortally wounded. He was a 
brave soldier and kind-hearted, genial gentleman. He fell, 
as thousands of others have fell, a victim to his own patriotic 
ardor. In this dreadful conflict the Sixth lost heavily. 

On Sunday the regiment held its ground all day long, 
under a deadly fire, and were among the last to withdraw at 
midnight. Colonel Tripp was severely wounded, and the 
command of the regiment devolved upon Major Campbell, 
who was afterwards promoted to the Lieutenant Colonelcy, 
and commanded it until the expiration of its term of service. 

lu the neighborhood of Chattanooga the regiment skirmish- 
ed two days with the rebels under General Hood. For five 
days it held Lookout creek. At Mission Ridge it was with 
Hazen's brigade, Wood's division, and bore an important part 
in that successful engagement on the twenty-eighth of l^o- 
veraber. Captain Strader, of company H, was severely wound- 
ed, from the effects of which he subsequently died Here 
upon the gory mountain side, where the green verdure min- 
gles with the clouds, the regiment left many of its gallant 
dead; before the slain could be buried, they were pushed for- 
ward to the relief of Burnside at Knoxville. The regiment 
remained in East Tennessee until the Spring of 1864, when it 
marched with Sherman upon Atlanta, and bore an honorable 
part in the various battles of that grand campaign, among 
which may be mentioned Tunnel Hill, Rocky Face Ridge, 
Resacca, Buzzard Roost, Dallas, New Hope Church, Alla- 
toona Ridge, Kenesaw Mountain, Marietta, and before At- 
lanta. 

In the bloody contest at ]^ew Hope Church, May twenty- 



300 IlEGIMCNTAL HISTORY. 

eevon, 1864, Captains Newland and Connor were killed, and 
Major McKeehan, so severely wounded that he died in a few 
days at Atlanta, having fallen into the hands of the enemy. 

When the army was almost in sight of Atlanta the term 
of service of the Sixth expired, and the few remaining war- 
worn veterans were honorably mustered out, and by a lo3'al 
people welcomed to their homes again. 

The regiment had been recruited at different times until 
the names of fourteen hundred men stood upon its muster 
rolls. Of this number three hundred and thirty were mus- 
tered out at the expiration of its term of service, not more 
than forty or fifty of this small band having escaped wounds. 

The Sixth always maintained an excellent reputation for 
discipline and valor, and few regiments, indeed — even from 
Indiana — have left as bright a record for the pen of the his- 
torian. 

Major Samuel F. C. McKeehan, who was killed near Dal- 
las, Georgia, on the twenty-second of May, 1864, was a gallant 
soldier, an accomplished gentleman, and a fine scholar. In 
1857 he edited the Jennings Banner^ at North Vernon, Indi- 
ana, and subsequently the Southern Broad Axe, at West Point, 
Mississippi. He was a ready writer, and furnished several 
productions of merit to the press. 

Colonel Baldwin, killed at Chicamauga, was universally 
loved and respected, no less for his gentlemanly qualities than 
for his soldierly bearing and true patriotism. 

Of Captain Frank P. Strader, who received a mortal wound 
at Mission llidge while gallantly leading his men, the same 
may be truthfully said. His death was much lamented by his 
comrades in arms. 

Peace to their ashes. May a grateful country award them 
the meed of deserved praise. 





-^ ''^- Gear:. terms ' 



:R3.JE[F[Fo(Co[1)A^0Sc 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETM. 



CHAPTER VII. 

GENERAL JEFFERSON C. DAVIS, 

The subject of this sketch, was born in Clark County, Indi- 
ana, March 2, 1828. His father, William Davis, was born 
and raised in Kentucky. His mother was born in Indiana, 
and is over sixty years of age, being probably the oldest liv- 
ing native of this State. His grand-father, William Davis, 
was an old Indian fighter, and took part in many of the 
skirmishes and battles with the savages on the frontier in an 
early day, being one of the pioneer settlers of Kentucky. 
Several uncles of our subject were also active participants in 
the battle of Tippecanoe, and other engagements with the 
aborigines. Thus it will be seen that General Davis is a 
member of a family whose mettle has often been tried upon 
the " dark and bloody ground." 

Young Davis was quick at learning and fond of books. 
His studies began at an early age, and he progressed rapidly, 
easily excelling in many of the branches. In 1841 he entered 
the Clark County Seminary, at that time the finest in the 
State. He remained there four years, and obtained what was 
then, in the west, considered a liberal education. He was still 
a student when the Mexican war began. The news of Palo 
Alto and Resaca de la Palma, filled many hearts with a patriotic 
ardor, but none more intensely than that of young Davis, then 

(301) 



302 BIOCRAPiriCAL SKETCH. 

eii::liteeti years of as^-e. Love of study was succeeded by a new 
ami more absorbing [)assion — a thirst for the rotnancc and 
excitement of military life. So one morning he threw up hia 
books, and in the afternoon was the lirst enrolled member of 
a volunteer company then forming under the auspices of 
Captain T. "\V. Gibson — a West Pointer in early days — then 
a prominent lawyer, and now one of the most distinguished 
in the West. This company was called the " Clark Guards," 
and attached to the regiment commanded by the now noted 
General James II. Lane, of Kansas. Davis was a non-com- 
missioned officer, and as sucb served through the entire Mexi- 
can campaign under General Zachary Taylor, participating in 
the battle of Buena Vista. For gallant conduct in this battle 
he was appointed Second Lieutenant in the First Regiment 
United States Regular Artillery, to date from June 17, 1848. 

On receiving his commission he reported at Cincinnati, on 
recruiting service, where he remained until the following 
October, being very successful in obtaining recruits for the 
regiment. He was then ordered to join his company, which 
had just returned from Mexico, at Baltimore. His messmates 
and associates in the regiment, while there, were Magruder, 
" Stonewall" Jackson, Hill, Winder, Slaughter, and others — 
since of the rebel avmy — and French, Brannan, Band, Bodges, 
Anderson, Doubleday, and others, holding distinguished posi- 
tions in the Union army. Of the officers of this one regi- 
ment, twenty-one have become distinguished generals. 

From Baltimore, Lieutenant Davis was ordered to Fort 
Washington, on the Potomac nine miles below Washington 
City, and opposite Mount Vernon, where some two years of 
his life- were spent on post duty and in the study of his pro- 
fession, his researches embracing every branch of the profes- 
sion of a soldier. Much advantage was derived by him from 
constant association with officers of skill and experience, 
whose theoretical knowledge had been tested in the trying 
scenes of the Mexican war. In July of 1850, he commanded 
a portion of the militar^^ escort at the funeral of President 
Taylor, and in the fall of the same year was ordered to New 
Orleans barracks, then under command of General Twiggs. 
In the fall of 1851, his command was ordered to the Rio Grande 



GENERAL JEFFERSON C. DAVIS. 303 

to enforce the Neutrality Laws, and while there was engaged 
in several expeditions on that river. February 29, 1852 he was 
promoted to First Lieutenant, vwe " Stonewall " Jackson, re- 
signed. In the Summer of the s,ame year he returned to 
New Orleans, and from thence to Pascngoola, Mississippi, 
where his ranks were decimated by the yellow fever, and 
the Lieutenant himself came near dvinc: of the same disease. 
The following Autumn he was transferred to Florida, and took 
command of his company on the Carlowhatchie river, where 
he made several reconnoissances against the Indians, and was 
engaged in several skirmishes with them. In June, 1853, 
after five years continued service, Lieutenant Davis obtained 
his first leave of absence, and came West on a visit. 

Rejoining his cjoramand in the fall, at Fortress Monroe, he 
spent two years at close study in a school of Artillery prac- 
tice. 

In the fall of 1855 he was ordered to join French's Light 
Battery, at Fort McIIenry, Baltimore, and during his two 
years' sojourn at that place, became very proficient in light 
artillery practice, being accounted one of the most skillful 
artillery officers in the service. 

In the fall of 1857, having completed his detail of service 
at Fort McHenry, he was ordered to a station on Indian river, 
on the east coast of Florida, where he arrived in November. 
The Winter and Spring were consumed in Indian scouting 
expeditions, and, with his command he scoured that whole 
countr}^, from the everglades of the northern boundary of the 
State, a distance of three hundred miles. 

In May 1858, in accordance with the provisions of the treaty 
then made, the Indians were removed to the West, and in 
June the troops were withdrawn from Florida, Lieutenant 
Davis and command being ordered to Charleston harbor. In 
August of the same year he was placed in command of Fort 
Sumter, being the first commander of that now famous Fort- 
ress. While there he had charge of a crew of captured Af- 
ricans, the cargo of the Echo, captured by the Dolphin, under 
command of Lieutenant Maffitt, late of the rebel navy. The 
people of Charleston, always ready to fan themselves into a 
blaze, were intensely excited, and threatened to take them 



804 BIOGRAPHICAL 8KliTCH. 

from liis custody by i'orce. Tliey took recourse to the law, 
and served several writs of hdbcas corpus upon him. Lieu- 
tenant Davis, however, remained firm, and refused to give 
them up, and in this position was sustained by high legal 
authority, who decided»that " negroes were not citizens," and 
consequently not entitled to the habeas corpus act. While 
the controversy was yet pending, the yellow fever set in and 
rageil with fearful fatality, large numbers of the garrison and 
m;iny <»f the negroes dying. Those Africans who survived 
were taken charge of by the agents of the Colonization So- 
ciety, and thus the matter ended. Lieutenant Davis remain- 
ed at Fort Sumter until the breaking out of the rebellion at 
Charleston, still devoting himself to the study of artillery 
practice, and passed a rigid examination in his profession. 
He was present in December, 1860, when South Carolina took 
the initial steps for rebellion. When Major Anderson cut 
down the flag staif at Fort Moultrie, spiked the guns, burst 
the carriages, and took refuge in Fort Sumter, Lieutenant 
Davis was by his side, and one of his most active supporters. 
During the long and weary siege, he looked out from Sumter 
upon the line of batteries with which the rebels were encir- 
cling it and hemming in its little brave but patriotic garrison. 
On the morning of the twelfth he was upon the ramparts, in 
the act of relieving the sentinels, when at four o'clock in the 
morning, the first shell of the rebellion, thrown from Fort 
Johnson, burst over his head. There was no time to be lost; 
the contest was upon them, and the seventy lone representa- 
tives of the Government established by our fathers, were pit- 
ted against as many hundred rebels, whose sole object was, to 
tear it down and erect a slave oligarchy upon the ruins of the 
old Republic. Our readers all know the story of that memo- 
rable engagement. " They fought like brave men, long and 
well;" and at last, well nigh suffocated by the flames of their 
burning quarters, were compelled to strike their flag and sur- 
render. During the engagement Lieutenant Davis command- 
ed one of the batteries on the north-west face of the work, 
and turned his pieces principally upon the celebrated floating 
batter}'', silencing several of its guns, and almost completely 
wrecking it. He accompanied Major Anderson and the gar- 



GENERAL JEFFERSON C. DAVIS. 305 

rison to iSTew York, where he found orders detailing him as 
mustering officer for the State of Indiana, and received intel- 
ligence of his promotion to the rank of Captain, to date from 
May 14, 1861. His headquarters were at Indianapolis, where 
he remained several months engaged in mustering volunteers 
into the service and discharging Quartermaster and Commis- 
sary duties, to the entire satisfaction of the Government and 
his superiors. 

The defeat of the union forces at Wilson's Creek, Missouri, 
and the death of the gallant General Lyon threw a deep 
gloom over the country, and rendered it important that im- 
mediate eflbrts be made for organizing a.nd sending troops for 
the protection of St. Louis, then being menaced by the rebel 
army. 

Captain Davis being desirous of service in the field was 
commissioned as Colonel of a full regiment — the Twenty- 
Second Indiana — and ordered to Missouri to assist in the de- 
fence of St. Louis. Three days after the receipt of the order 
the regiment and the Colonel were in St. Louis. Remainine: 
there ten days. Colonel Davis was ordered by General Fre- 
mont to relieve General Grant of the command of all the 
forces between the Osage and Missouri rivers. This territory 
constituted a district, with headquarters at Jefferson City, 
and on the twenty-eighth of August, Colonel Davis assumed 
command. At this time Price and McCulloch were at Spring- 
field, threatening an advance on Jefierson City, and the new 
commander commenced fortifying the place and disposing his 
forces — about fifteen thousand in number — with a view to its 
defence. Under his direction the place was put in such a 
complete state of defence that the enemy, no doubt deeming 
discretion the better part of valor, abandoned all idea of at- 
tack, and marched to Lexington, capturing the place. Col- 
onel Davis rapidly repaired the Pacific railroad and rebuilt 
the Larnine bridge, which had been destroyed by the 
rebels. During the succeeding few weeks, many skirmishes 
and some severe battles occurred, among which was the en- 
gagements at Booneville (which was successfully defended by 
Major Eppstein) and at Lexington and Arrow Rock. 

General Fremont now established bis headquarters at Jef- 
VoL. IL— 20. 



300 BIOGIIAPUICAL SKETCH. 

fersou C'ity, iiiul orgaiiizfJ liis forces lor uii udvaiiec upon 
Springfield. Colouel Davis was appointed an acting Brigadier 
General, and assigned to a brigade in General Pope's divis- 
ion. The army advanced to Springticld, and Trice and Mc- 
Culloch fled to Arkansas. Fremont was recalled ; Hunter suc- 
ceeded to the command, and the federal forces fell back to the 
Lamine. General Pope was now assigned to the command 
of all the forces in central Missonri, and Davis placed in 
charge of that district, with about fifteen thousand men, and 
instructed to go into winter quarters. The months of No- 
vember and December were occupied in building these quar- 
ters, instituting camps of instruction, etO. AVhilc thus engaged 
Colonel Davis was ordered to his company at "Washington, 
but through the influence of General Ilallcck, Department 
Commander, the order was countermanded, and lie returned 
to his position. 

About the middle of December, he started with General 
Pope, on the famous Blackwater Expedition, and, coming 
upon the enemy with his cavalry, after a sharp fight, captured 
the entire force — nine hundred and fifty men — with all their 
tents, camp equipage, horses, mules, and seventy-five wagons. 
Being ordered to convey the prisoners to St. Louis he arrived 
there with them the day before Cljristmas. Obtaining forty- 
eight hours leave of absence, he made a flying visit to Indian- 
apolis, where he was married, and then returned with his wife 
on a bridal tour to his camp, at Otterville. Here he was or- 
dered to join General Curtis' column, moving from Holla and 
preparing to advance upon Springfield. 

The march overland from that place was a hazardous un- 
dertaking, and pronounced impossible by many military men, 
but General Halleck persisted in his order, directing the ex- 
pedition to proceed, saying that Colonel Davis' skill and 
energy would carry him safely through. With this assump- 
tion it set out. Tents and all surplus baggage, together with 
camp equipage, were destroyed, and nothing but indispensa- 
ble articles carried along. The Osage being unusually swol- 
len, was crossed on rafts; troops and artillery were ferried 
over in the midst of a heavy snow storm, raarlin spikes being 
used to prevent the scows from being wedged in by floating 



GENERAL JEFFERSON C. DAVIS. 307 

masses of ice. Thursday was occupied in the crossing, and 
as the soldiers ferried themselves over on their frail 
structures, they were reminded of " "Washington cross- 
ing the Delaware " — a more famous but not a more peril- 
ous adventure. In ten days from the time of starting, Col- 
onel Davis formed a junction with Curtis at Lebanon, and 
his command became a part of the Army of the South West. 

As Curtis advanced. Price retreated, only stopping long 
enough now and then to have a small skirmish with the Fed- 
eral advance, commanded by Colonel Davis. At the Missouri 
line and Cross Timbers, Arkansas, Price again made a stand, 
but was forced to continue his retreat. 

Colonel Davis now took command of all the cavalry — about 
eighteen hundred in number — and on the exact line of 
36° 80' made a dashing charge on the enemy's rear brigade 
and a battery, driving them in confusion. After this engage- 
ment the army remained in "Camp Halleck" until Price, re- 
inforced by McCulloch and Van Dorn, came back, when 
occurred the battle of Pea Ridge. 

On the seventh of March, the division under Colonel Davis, 
numbering about three thousand, was opposed to McCulloch's 
command, reported at twelve thousand, but the latter were 
utterly routed, with the loss of McCulloch and Mcintosh, 
killed, and General Herbert taken prisoner. McCulloch was 
attacked in his own position, and though desperate, the strug- 
gle was a short one, lasting only a little over thirty minutes. 
The next day Colonel Davis, with his whole division, stormed 
and carried the bights of Elkhorn, capturing five cannon, 
and deciding the battle against the eneni}'. 

After the battle of Pea Ridge, General Curtis began his 
fearful and exciting march through Arkansas, and Colonel 
Davis accompanied him as far as Sulphur Rock, where he re- 
ceived orders from General Halleck to take his command by 
forced marches to Cape Girardeau, Missouri, and thence pro- 
ceed by river to join the army in front of Corinth. 

Starting on the tenth of May, with two brigades, after an 
exhausting march of two hundred and forty miles, through a 
rough and sparsely settled country, he reached Cape Girar- 
deau on the twentieth, averaging twenty-four miles per day. 



BOS BIOQRAPHICAL SKETCH. 

Imtuciliutoly eiubarkiiig on steamers, lie reiiclied Pittsburg 
Landing and marched at once to Corinth. There he was as- 
signed to the left of Pope's command, and when the evacua- 
tion of Corinth took place, he acconi[)anied Generals i'ope 
and Kosecrans in their pursuit of Beauregard. The pursuit 
aliaiidoned, the army fell back to Clear Creek. I'ope was or- 
dered to Virginia and Kosecrans assumed command in his 
stead. By him General Davis was ordered to Jacinto and 
remained there until about the first of July, when he was or- 
dered to make a reconnoissance to llipley, Mississippi. On 
this expedition he advanced to within a few miles of Holly 
Springs, when he received orders to return by forced marches 
to his original camp at Jacinto. This he did, and remained 
there until August, when ill health compelled him to tempo- 
rarily leave his command; with a twenty days leave of 
absence, he went home on a visit. 

While he was absent Bragg advanced into Kentucky, pursued 
by Buell's forces. This threatening state of affairs induced Gen- 
eral Davis, still in ill health, to leave home and offer his services 
to General "Wright in the defence of Louisville. His division, 
which had been placed in charge of General Mitchell, and 
joined to Buell's army, had now arrived at Louisville, and he 
again assumed command of it. 

While in the city an unfortunate personal difficulty occurred 
between himself and Major General Nelson, which resulted 
in the death of the latter, and led to the arrest of General 
Davis. After twenty days confinement he was released, jus- 
tified by universal public opinion, and ordered to report to 
Cincinnati for duty, where he was assigned to the temporary 
command of the forces around Newport and Covington. Af- 
ter the subsidence of the fear of an attack on Cincinnati, he 
was ordered to reassume command of his old division, and did 
so at Edgefield, opposite Nashville. 

At the battle of Stone River, the division was in the thick- 
est of the fight, holding the center of the right wing. After 
the attack upon General Johnson's division the enemy fell 
upon it with crushing weight, and it too was forced to retire 
rapidly, but did so in comparatively good order. Its com- 
mander did all that a General could do, and that his efforts 



GENERAL JEFFERSON C. DAVIS. 309 

were appreciated is evident from the fact that in the official 
report, the Commanding General places him second on the 
list of those whom he recommends to be made Major Gener- 
als, or, as he phrased it, who " ought to be made Major Gen- 
erals in our service." 

The general plan of this work will not admit of a more 
lengthy account of General Davis' services in detail. His 
name is now prominently connected with the general history 
of the war, and we leave him, only stating that he was ap- 
pointed a Major General by brevet, on the eighth of August, 
1864, and was assigned to the command of the celebrated 
Fourteenth Corps before Atlanta, and commanded it with 
marked skill and ability during Sherman's celebrated march 
to the sea. lie is at the present writing in command of a 
Bub-department under General Palmer at Louisville, Ken- 
tucky. 

It is not in accordance with the general plan of this work, 
to comment at length upon the general character of the sub- 
jects of our sketches, though a few words regarding the 
prominent traits of such a man as General Davis, are often 
of service to those who make human nature a study, or who 
use the examples of prominent men, as a lamp to guide them 
to the temple of Fame. 

It will be observed that in entering the arm}^ and devoting 
his life to the study and profession of a soldier. General Davis 
only followed the natural bent of his genius. The bugle blast 
of war, which struck terror to the hearts of men of more 
docile and philanthropic natures, only fired the brain of youno- 
Davis, and supplied the excitement so necessary to men of 
his ambition. lie gloried in the " pomp and circumstance " 
of the tented field, and when the tocsin sounded, he would 
have chafed like a caged lion if not permitted to be where the 
clouds of battle gathered thickest, and the cannon dealt the 
most terrible destruction. He simply followed the dictates 
of his own feelings, and the bent of his natural inclinations. 
Having determined to follow the profession of a soldier, he 
lost no time in grappling with the difficulties which beset him 
on every side, and overcoming them one by one, until, by the 
natural course of events, an opportunity offered to put what 



810 BIOORAPniCAL SKETCH. 

he bad loarned by hard study and application, to a practical 
use. 

There are but few more striking illustrations of the power 
of will to accomplish grand results, under the fostering pro- 
tection of our Kcbublican institutions, tlian is presented in 
the biography of the subject under consideration, and it 
would be well if some of our young aspirants for fame would 
follow his example; select their profession, and then follow 
it assiduously, until they reach the crowning point — sdccess. 



EEGIMENTAL HISTORY. 



CHAPTER VIII. 

THIRTY-EIGHTH REGIMENT. 

On the nineteenth of August, 1861, Colonel B. F. Scribner, 
commanding the Seventh Regiment Indiana State Legion, 
received authority from Governor Morton, to organize this 
regiment of Infantry, in the Second Congressional District. 
Without loss of time, Colonel Scribner commenced the work. 
Authority was given to officers to raise companies. Captain 
Daniel F. Griffin, of company A, (formerly known as the 
Anderson Rifles), of the Seventh Regiment State Legion, was 
appointed Adjutant, and correspondence opened with the sev- 
eral recruiting officers. 

Companies commenced arriving at Camp Noble, N^ew Al- 
bany, the rendezvous of the regiment, about the first of Sep- 
tember, and squad, company and officer's drills were at once 
instituted. 

By the middle of the month the command was reported 
ready for muster ; the commissions of the several officers had 
already been issued, and the roster of the regiment stood as 
follows : 

Field and Staff. — Colonel, Benjamin F. Scribner; Lieuten- 
ant Colonel, "Walter Q. Gresham ; Major, James B. Merri- 
wether; Adjutant, Daniel F. Griffin ; Quartermaster, John R. 
Cannon ; Chaplain, Lewis E. Carson ; Surgeon, William A. 
Clapp ; Assistant Surgeon, Lod W. Beckwith. 

(311) 



312 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

Comjmny A. — Captain, William C. Wheeler, First Lieuten- 
ant, George W. "Webb ; Second Lieutenant, John P. Southern. 

Company B. — Captain, Charles V. Xunemacher ; First 
Lieutenant, William L. Leneau ; Second Lieutenant, Charles 
W. Lopp. 

Company C. — Captain, James C. Fouts ; First Lieutenant, 
James Colein ; Second Lieutenant, Milton J. Davis. 

Company D. — Captain, John 13. Glover; First Lieutenant, 
Stephen C. Atkisson ; Second Lieutenant, James II. Low. 

Company E. — Captain, William L. Carter; First Lieuten- 
ant, Daniel A. Perrinner; Second Lieutenant, William II. 
Springer. 

Company F. — Captain, Wesley Conner ; First Lieutenant, 
Stephen S. Cole; Second Lieutenant, Joshua B. Jenkins. 

Company G. — Captain, James Secrist, First Lieutenant, Gil- 
bert K. Perry ; Second Lieutenant, James McCormick. 

Company H. — Captain, Gabriel Poindexter ; First Lieuten- 
ant, Alexander Martin; Second Lieutenant, Andrew J. How- 
ard. 

Company I. — Captain, Henry L. Williams ; First Lieuten- 
ant, Tolbert D. Potter; Second Lieutenant, William Leon- 
ard. 

Company K. — Captain, John Sexton ; First Lieutenant, 
John Curry; Second Lieutenant, George W. Windell. 

At this time the enemy under General Buckner, were lying 
at Bowling Green, Kentucky, occupying the country as far 
north as Elizabethtown, and daily threatening the occupation 
of Muldrough's Hill, and an advance on Louisville. Briga- 
dier General Robert Anderson commanded the Department 
of the Cumberland, with headquarters at Louisville, and Col- 
onel Rousseau, with his two regiments, lay at Camp Holt, op- 
posite the city. 

The invasion of Indiana, and the transfer of the battle 
fields to our own door was universally feared. Accordingly, 
Colonel Scribner hurried his preparations for the impending 
crisis. 

The general Government had no depot of supplies in the 
West, and everything necessary for the out-fit of troops was 
procured only through the most strenuous personal exertions. 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 313 

But the energetic Colonel, with considerable difficulty, pro- 
cured the following order: 

Louisville, Kentucky, September 19, 1861. 
" Colonel Scribner, of the thirty-eighth regiment Indiana 
Volunteers, is hereby authorized to purchase, at a cost not to 
exceed the price laid down in the ordnance manual^ all the 
necessary haversacks, canteens, cartridge boxes, cap boxes, 
and belts for the equipment of his regiment of nine hundred 
and eighty men." 

By order of Brigadier General Anderson. 
Oliver D. Green, A. A. G. 

" Colonel Scribner is also authorized to procure tents for his 
entire regiment under the above conditions." 

O. D. Green, A. A. G. 

Thus matters stood, companies A, B, C, D and G, having 
the maximum number of men; the remaining companies the 
minimum ; when an order was received from Louisville, di- 
recting Colonel Scribner to leave two active and discreet offi- 
cers to recruit the remainder of the regiment, and move out 
immediately for Louisville. 

On an order from General Anderson, United States mus- 
kets were procured from the Arsenal in the Jefiersonville 
prison, when an aid from General Anderson arrived with or- 
ders for the removal of the regiment with the least possible 
delay. Orders were issued and the command moved prompt- 
ly at three o'clock, P. m., passing through ITew Albany, 
where they halted for a few moments to receive a beautiful 
national flag from the hands of the patriotic citizens. 

Meeting the teams with knapsacks, cartridge boxes, etc., 
they were again halted, and issues made to the men, when 
they crossed the river, with an aggregate of seven hundred 
and twenty-one men, and received an ample collation from the 
hands of the citizens of Louisville, who were looking to them 
for protection. At the depot cartridges were issued, and at 
12:30 a. m., though only partially equipped, they moved south- 
west to meet the enemy, then reported to be advancing on 
Muldrough's Hill. 



314 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

" Arriving at Sheppardsville, company A was detached by 
orders from General Sherman, — commanding in the field — to 
relieve a company of the Forty-Ninth Ohio, guarding the 
Salt River Bridge. 

Delays of the train prevented the regiment from arriving 
at Lebanon Junction, until 7:30 A. m. Here they disembarked, 
ate a lunch which had been prepared, and followed the 
troops which had gone before. 

After a march of fifteen miles the regiment arrived at Eliz- 
abethtown, and were not a little disappointed at finding no 
enemy. Next morning they counter-marched to Muldrough's 
Hill, w^here they encamped, with neither tents or camp equip- 
age, and remained until the tenth of October, when the en- 
tire command moved forward again to Camp Nevin, on Nolin 
creek, ten miles south. Here the troops were brigaded, and 
the Thirty-Eiglith was assigned to the Second Brigade, Mc- 
Cook's Division, under command of Brigadier General T. J. 
"Wood, consisting of the Twenty-Eighth, Twenty-Ninth, Thir- 
ty-Eighth and Thirty-Ninth Indiana Volunteer Infantry. Dur- 
ing the months of October and November, the regiment was 
increased by recruits to an aggregate of nine hundred and 
ninety-five. The recruiting officers were then called from the 
field, and the energies of all devoted to drilling and disciplin- 
ing the command. Through the influence of Governor Mor- 
ton, Enfield rifles were procured for four companies — A, B, C 
and H. Soon after. General Buell assumed command of the 
Department, and the troops were re-brigaded in such a man- 
ner as to place regiments from difierent States in the same 
brigade. Under this arrangement, the Thirt^'-Eighth was 
assigned to the Seventh Brigade, consisting of the Seventy- 
Eighth and Seventy-Ninth Pennsylvania, First Wisconsin and 
Thirty-Eighth Indiana, Brigadier General James S. Negley, 
commanding. 

We will be obliged for want of space to pass lightly over 
some two months, which was spent by the Thirty-Eighth in 
diflferent camps, only remarking that many of their number 
suflered and died from the efl'ects of typhoid fever, and the 
various diseases incident to camp life ; that the time was well 
occupied in drilling and disciplining, and that the soldiers wei'e 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 315 

much chagrined, when early in February, the division of Gen- 
eral Mitchell passed them en route for the front. 

The morning of the thirteenth, however, brought the glad 
tidings of a prospective movement, and at day light on the 
fourteenth, the heavy snow which fell the preceding night 
was brushed from the tents; they bade adieu to Camp 
Wood and its varied associations, and were soon on the march. 
After marching to Upton Station and bivouacking for the 
night, the high hopes of the soldiers, that at last the}' were 
to take an active and prominent part in scotching the serpent 
of secession, were nipped in the bud, by an order to counter- 
march. Donelson had fallen, and their services were not need- 
ed in that direction. They then moved southward to Bow- 
ling Green, and went into camp on the east bank of Barren 
river, close to the fortifications built and abandoned by the 
rebels, where they were occupied three days in making pre- 
parations for the crossing, and an advance on Nashville, both 
railroad and pike bridges having been destroyed by the rebels. 
Meantime a pontoon bridge of steamboats and flatboats was 
constructed, and the brigade crossed upon it, moved forward 
and bivouacked near Franklin. From thence they proceeded 
to within three miles of Nashville, Tennessee, and pitched 
their tents in camp Andy Johnson. Here, by special order 
from Department Headquarters, the Seventh brigade was de- 
tached from the Second Division, being assigned to the im- 
portant duty of protecting and keeping open the communica- 
tions, while their old comrades pressed on to Shiloh and Co- 
rinth. 

They removed to Franklin, where details were made to get 
out timber for the railroad bridge across the Harpeth river, 
which was being constructed by the Michigan Mechanics and 
Engineers. "While there, official notice was received of the 
appointment of Lieutenant Colonel Gresham, to the Colonelcy 
of the Fifty-Third Indiana, and promotion of Major Merri- 
wether to Lieutenant Colonel, Adjutant Griffin to Major, and 
Sergeant Major George H. Devol to Adjutant. 

From Franklin the Thirty-Eighth moved, on the first of 
April, toward Columbia, where they crossed Duck river, in 



816 UElJIMKXTAL III.STORY, 

the rear of General liueU's army, and encamped on tlie 
Mount Pleasant pike, four miles from the town. 

On the first of May, the rebel General Morgan made his 
appearance, threatening a raid u[)Oii AVartrace, His move- 
ments were closely watched by the little garrison, and on the 
third the Thirty-Eighth were ordered to make a forced march 
to the scene of action. The order was countermanded, how- 
ever, and they marched in the direction of Farmington, in the 
hope of cutting oft' the rebel cavalry. But they were too 
late to accomplish this object, as the cavalry passed two 
hours before they arrived. The regiment remained in camp 
at Sholbyville some time, and wore well treated by the inhab- 
itants. Colonel Scribner commanded the brigade and Post, 
Lieutenant Colonel Merriwether the regiment, and Major 
Griffin was on duty on General Negley's staft'. 

Leaving Shelbyville, they marched to Pulaski, where they 
formed a junction with the forces under the immediate com- 
mand of General Negley, consisting of two brigades, one 
battery, and about three hundred cavalry. From here the 
entire force marched to Rodgersville, which place they took 
possession of and had a slight skirmish with the enemy's cav- 
alry. The same evening the brigade of which the Thirty- 
Eighth formed a part, moved in the direction of Florence, Ala- 
bama. At Bainbridge Ferr}', they drove the rebel cavalry 
across the river, and captured and destroyed all the boats in 
that neigborhood. The}' then moved on to Florence and 
took possession of the place without opposition. The com- 
mand marched and conntermarchcd through Alabama and 
Tennessee, driving the rebels before them wherever the}'' went, 
but we have not space sufficient to give accounts of the vari- 
ous skirmishes and fatiguing marches of the campaign. Suf- 
fice it to say that they succeeded in breaking up numerous 
predatory guerrilla bands, and in ridding the country to a 
great extent, of bushwhackers. 

On the evening of June seventli, after a long and fatiguing 
march along the west range of the Cumberland mountains, 
they found themselves encamped opposite Chattanooga. The 
next morning while the position of the enemy was being re- 
connoitered, they opened upon the troops with a battery. 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 317 

The Thirty-Eighth, together with the First Wi&consiii and 
Ninth Michigan, advanced to the river, engaged the enemy 
in tlieir rifle-pits on the other shore, and drove them com- 
pletely out of them, through the town. After two hours en- 
gagement, the command re-ceived orders to retire, and were 
soon again on the march np the mountains. Passing through 
the Sequatchie Valley, and moving by way of Altamont, 
"Winchester, and AVartrace, they arrived at Shelbyville on the 
thirteenth. 

In Colonel Scribner's congratulatory order, published after 
this expedition, he pa3's the following deserved compliment 
to his soldiers : "You have proved to your country that you 
are not only manly, sturdy men, but that you are worthy de- 
fenders of the glorious heritage purchased for us by the blood 
of our fathers." 

On the twenty-third, after a rest of ten days, the command 
took up the line of march for Elk Mont Station, Avhere they 
took the train for Athens, Alabama, and from thence by way 
of Iluntsville to Stevenson, where they awaited the arrival 
of the train conveying their transportation. 

The transportation having arrived, they marched up the 
valley of the Tennessee river to Battle creek, at that time the 
extreme left and front of the federal army. The enemy oc- 
cupied the opposite shore of the Tennessee river, wnthin rifle 
range of our camps, and the pickets were within speaking 
distance of each other. Rifle-pits were throwm up on both 
sides of the river, and every precaution taken to prevent a 
crossing. Meanwhile, General Buell was moving up the val- 
ley of the Tennessee. Already the divisions of Generals Mc- 
Cook and Crittenden had arrived at Battle creek. General 
Negley's headquarters were at Athens, and hence the Thirty- 
Eighth found itself isolated from the brigade. General Rous- 
seau having taken command of the Third Division, with his 
headquarters at Huntsville, the Thirty-Eighth was transferred 
to it, by order of General Buell. During the month of July, 
General Sill having been assigned to the command of Rous- 
seau's old brigade, Colonel Lee Harris, of the Second Ohio, 
by virtue of seniorit}', assumed command of the Ninth Bri- 



318 Kl'dlMKNTAL IIISTOIIY. 

gade, now consisting of the Second and Thirtj-'Third Ohio, 
Tenth AV^isconsin and Thirty-Eighth Indiana. 

On the seventeenth the Thirty-Eighth moved out for 
Dechard Station, on the Xashville and Chattanooga railroad, 
where large quantities of supplies were being collected for 
the army. They arrived at their destination in a few days, 
and Colonel Scribner assumed command of the post. Small 
field works had been thrown up, and four stockades were in 
course of construction. The little garrison under Colonel 
Scribner went to work with zeal and energy, and in three 
days the stockades were complete and properly garrisoned, 
and every avenue leading to the position properly picketed. 
General Buell's entire army was furnished from that point. 
Soon after, General Buell and staff arrived, making it his 
headquarters for several days. Other troops having arrived 
at the same time, General William S. Smith relieved Colonel 
Scribner from the command of the post. 

Colonel Harris, with the remainder of the brigade, having 
been compelled to abandon a position he was garrisoning, re- 
treated to Dechard, and the Thirty-Eighth was again assigned 
to his command. A retrogade movement having been de- 
cided upon, the railroad was held until every available engine 
and car were removed, and as the last train passed, every- 
thing was in readiness to move. Bridges and water tanks 
were burned, telegraph wires w^ere cut, and the Ninth brigade, 
with a few other troops, moved out to Tullahoma, where they 
were re-joined by the command from Stevenson. 

Early next morning, the entire force started for "Wartrace, 
where were added to their ranks not only the garrison at that 
place, but the guard at Duck river bridge. They then moved 
on to Murfreesboro', and from thence by way of ISTashville to 
Bowling Green, near which place the entire Army of the 
Cumberland were concentrating, while Bragg was moving 
his rebel army in the vicinity of Glasgow, cutting the com- 
munications, both by rail and wire, between the Union forces 
and Louisville, advancing on Mumfordsville, defeating and 
capturing the garrison at that point. Why the rebels were 
allowed to capture the brave little garrison at Mumfordsville, 
and destroy all these communications, with such a vast army 



KEGIMENTAL HISTORY. 819 

SO near at hand, we leave for General Buell and his friends to 
answer. 

Early on the morning of the eighteenth, the command 
moved to the front, making a detour to the right, and having 
a skirmish with the enemy, driving them in on the twenty- 
first, four miles from Mumfordsville. From here the com- 
mand moved to "West Point, and from thence up the river 
bank on the Louisville road. 

To the members of the Thirty-Eighth the occasion was one 
of joy and yet of sorrow. Many of their homes were in 
sight, and the ground that had been the theater of their boy- 
ish sports, spread out to their enraptured vision, while the 
turbid river rolled between. Loved friends were standing on 
the opposite shore, waving their handkerchiefs, wet with the 
tears of afl'ection, and shout answered to shout, making the 
welkin ring. Nothing but duty and the river were between 
husbands and wives, fathers and sons, brothers and sisters; 
and j^et an ocean intervening, would not have made a wider 
gulf between them. 

The command entered Louisville on the twenty-sixth of 
September, just one year and five days from the time of their 
departure from that city. Eut many weary miles had been 
traversed ; many hardships patiently endured. Here Major 
Grifiin was appointed Lieutenant Colonel, vice Merriwether, 
resigned. Captain John B. Glover, was elected Major, and 
duly commissioned. The Kinety-Fourth Ohio, Colonel Fri- 
zeele, and Simondson's (Fifth) Indiana Battery, were added 
to the brigade, and they moved from Louisville in good fight- 
ing trim, the Thirty-Eighth numbering about five hundred 
eflfective men. Colonel Scribner now commanded the resri- 
ment, Colonel Harris the brigade, General Rousseau the divis- 
ion, and General McCook the corps. 

After moving out from Louisville, the command marched 
byway of Taylorsville, Bloomfield and Springfield, over dusty 
roads and with a great scarcity of water, the cavalry in ad- 
vance continually skirmishing with the enemy. When near 
Springfield constant firing was heard, which increased until 
they reached Perryville, where a severe engagement took 
place, in which the regiment bore a prominent part. We 



320 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

quote from Colonel Scribner's olliciiil report of the action of 
his regiment in this battle : 

"First they fought under a heavy fire till they had spent 
their forty rounds of cartridges; then used those in the boxes 
of the killed and wounded. After exhausting all their re- 
sources for ammunition, they waited with fixed bayonets 
for further orders; standing their ground while other parts 
of the brigade gave way, till ordered to retire ; then doing so 
in good order, notwithstanding a terrific fire from the enemy, 
who had opened on them with a battery. Being ordered to 
halt, they did so, and were trampled by a regiment in full re- 
treat, while awaiting the arrival of ammunition. In all the 
panic not a man was observed to waver, remaining firmly in 
their places with bayonets fixed, ready to repel whatever 
should come." . 

The Colonel says further, in speaking of the severity of 
the engagement, " Of the color rank and guard, but one re- 
mained unscathed. Five were killed, and the color-bearer 
wounded in two places. The colors themselves were com- 
pletely riddled, the top of the staff* shot away, and the center 
cut in two." 

Colonel Harris, commanding the brigade, and also the divi- 
sion and corp commanders, in their official reports speak in 
terms of the highest praise of the conduct of the Thirty- 
Eighth, and its gallant commander, whom they styled the 
"gallant little Scrib." 

In Colonel Scribner's report. Lieutenant Colonel Griffin and 
Adjutant George Devol in particular, and all the line officers 
in general are mentioned as having acquitted themselves 
with great bravery. In this engagement the regiment lost 
thirty-seven killed, one hundred and twenty-five wounded, 
and seven missing. 

Early dawn of the next day discovered the enem^^ to have 
ingloriously left the field, their dead unburied and their 
wounded to be cared for by the Union soldiers, who were en- 
gaged all next day in taking care of the wounded and bury- 
ing the dead, the saddest duty of a soldier's life. 

The following morning the regiment moved from the bat- 
tle field, passing the graves of their fallen comrades, and halt- 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 321 

ing to perform the last sad honors to those heroes, quietly 
sleeping beneath the sod. Arriving at Danville, the regiment 
and Colonel Scribner were publicly complimented by General 
McCook for gallantry on the field of Chaplain Hills. From 
here they moved to Stanford and bivouacked, the advance fol- 
lowing Bragg's retreating army to the mountains. Colonel 
Harris having been taken quite sick the command of the 
brigade devolved upon Colonel Scribner, and the former after- 
ward resigning, the latter continued in command. Lieuten- 
ant Colonel Griffin assumed command of the regiment. 

On the twentieth of October, the Third division marched 
to J^ew Market, where they remained several days, when 
they again took up the line of March, via Glasgow to Bow- 
ling Green, arriving at the latter place on the second of No- 
vember. 

General Rosecrans shortly afterwards assumed command 
of the Department, and visited the camps, where he was en- 
thusiastically received by the soldiers ; for he brought with 
him from the fields of "West Tennessee the prestige of a sol- 
dier and a gentleman. He told the men that he needed no 
better assurance of their courage, than the appearance of 
their tattered flags. The command soon "moved by way of 
Mitchelville and Tyree Springs, to Edgefield Junction. 

While at this place information was received that there 
were large supplies of flour, bacon and whisky, in the direc- 
tion of Springfield, Robinson County, which were being 
transported by circuitous routes through the Union lines. 
Colonel Scribner detailed the Thirty-Eighth, with twenty 
wagons, to proceed to Springfield, and ascertain what subsist- 
ence stores were in the neighborhood, and bring away what 
they could, giving the proper government receipts therefor. 
Immediately upon arriving at Springfield, pickets were thrown 
out, and the town quietly taken possession of. Thirteen 
hundred barrels of flour were found in one depot, and several 
smaller lots in other warehouses. The wagons were at once 
loaded and a courier dispatched, asking for a large train. 
The next day the loaded wagons were sent to camp, under 
escort of two companies, and in the afternoon the Second 
Ohio with forty wagons, arrived. These were loaded and 

Vol.. n.— 21. 



322 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

sent buck, while the reniuiiider of the reginicnt still held the 
town. 

Meantime, information having reached lieadquarters that 
the enemy's cavalry, thirteen hundred strong, had crossed the 
Cumberland, Colonel Scribner ordered this comn\and to look 
for them, and drive them, if possible, from the vicinity. The 
Tliirty-Eighth and Second Ohio moved immediately in the 
direction of Russelville, their reported whereabouts. Learn- 
ing nothing of their movements, and that Colonel Bruce'a 
cavalry force from Bruceville, had scoured the country, they 
returned to Springfield, visiting three mills on Red river, and 
securing five hundred barrels of flour. Several lots of bacon 
were found ; also twenty barrels of whisky, which, being 
contraband, were appropriated. The command reached camp 
on the third of December, having forwarded two thousand 
barrels of flour, four thousand pounds of bacon, and twenty- 
five barrels of whisky. Here they found some welcome visi- 
tors in the persons of Colonel Ed. Maginnis of the Seventh 
Regiment Indiana Legion, and IL N. Devol, and John Cul- 
bertsou, Esquires, of New Albany. They were delegated by 
the patriotic citizens of that place to present the Thirty- 
Eighth with a handsome stand of colors, to replace their for- 
mer gift, now 80 sadly defaced. The presentation was made 
in presence of the entire brigade, with appropriate speeches 
and responses. After which they assembled at the head- 
quarters of the regiment, where an ample feast was in 
Avaiting. The same day the regiment moved to Nashville, 
where they remained until the twenty-sixth of December, 
when they marched to ISToliusville. While there General Mc- 
Cook's Corps passed through, driving the enemy beyond 
Triune. 

BATTLE OF STONE RIVER. 

On the evening of the thirtieth of December, the regiment 
with the rest of the corps, bivouacked before Murfreesboro'. 
Heavy skirmishing liad been kept up all day, the Union forces 
steadily driving the enemy before them, until a position had 
been gained within a few hundred yards of their works. The 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 823 

lines were disposed for tlie morning's battle, tlie soldiers slept 
on their arnas, and two liours before day were ready for orders. 
Just before daylight the inspiring order of General Roeecrans 
to his troops was read to the command, and immediately 
afterward they moved forward into position. The Thirty- 
Eighth went into the battle about four hundred strong. 
From the report of Lieutenant Colonel Griffin we learn the 
following facts concerning the action of the regiment in this 
battle : 

About eight o'clock, a. m., they moved through a dense 
cedar forest, toward the right wing of the army, which was 
then hotly engaged by the enemy. After occupying this 
position about one hour, they were ordered to retire to near 
the position first occupied. There the enemy were discovered 
in strong force on the right and rear, charging toward the 
turnpike. The command was immediately faced to the rear 
rank, and moved down on the flank of the enemy, who were 
then retiring before a column of Union troops moving from 
the pike. Company H, Captain Poindexter, and company B, 
First Lieutenant Leneau, were deployed as skirmishers. 
They moved steadily on the skirmishers of the enemy, cap- 
turing six, who were sent to the rear. Meeting the left of 
General I^egley's command, who were retiring before a heavy 
column of the enemy, they moved to their support. Soon 
after this, and before they were fairly in position, the enemy 
opened a galling fire upon them, and the troops on the right 
falling back, the left was completely exposed. The line then 
moved by the flank, striving to keep the connection, but the 
enemy opening upon them, they faced at once to the front, 
keeping up a continuous fire for the space of twenty minutes, 
completely checking the enemy, and holding them in check 
till orders to return to the pike were received. The enemy 
appearing in force, they were ordered forward into a corn- 
field, where they lay from two o'clock till dark, exposed to 
the fire of the enemy from the woods, and waiting their ex- 
pected advance. Night closing the engagement, they lay in 
the same position till daylight, when, being relieved, they 
retired to the woods in the rear. They were afterwards or- 
dered to the front, where they remained to the. date of the 



824 REGIMENTAL UISTORY. 

report, exposed to the enemy's fire. The command lost in 
killed, Captain James E. Fouts and thirteen men. Wounded 
and missing, three men. Wounded and in the federal hospi- 
tals. Second Lieutenant Milton T. Davis, Second Lieutenant 
S. W. Hawkins, and eighty-one men. 

Lieutenant Colonel Griffin speaks in the hightest terms of 
the coolness and courage of the officers and men in the field, 
(joinniendiug them for their patient endurance of sufiering 
from cold, hunger and fatigue, during the five days of the 
battle, making special mention of Major Glover and Adjutant 
Devol. He also says : 

''Of the Chaplain, L. E, Carson, too much cannot be said. 
In his attention and devotion to the wounded he w'as untiring, 
making this his especial duty. We have the satisfaction of 
knowing that all were cared for properly and efficiently. In 
the death of Captain Fouts, we lament the loss of a brave 
officer, a true patriot, and a warm friend." 

Colonel Scribner, in his report, speaking of the Tenth 
Wisconsin and Thirty-Eighth Indiana, says : " I am satisfied 
that both regiments would have suffered extermination rather 
than have yielded their ground without orders." 

Some days after the battle of Stone river camp equipage 
arrived, and the command went into regular encampment. 
Adjutant Devol was then appointed by Colonel Scribner, A. 
A. A. G., on his staff", for meritorious conduct in the field. 
The time in camp was principally occupied in foraging, picket 
duty, etc. During the month of February the Thirty-Eighth 
went to Nashville, as escort to a train of three hundred 
wagons, returning on the fourth day with four hundred, in 
safety. March third, as part of an escort to a forage train, 
under Colonel Shepard, they met and repulsed an attack 
made on the train by the enemy's cavalry. This was quite a 
brisk skirmish, and reflected credit on all concerned in it. On 
the fifteenth the camp was moved to a point east of Murfrees- 
boro', where every thing was comparatively quiet. At this 
time the command numbered an aggregate present of four 
hundred and seven ; present and absent, five hundred and 
seventy. Since entering the field, they had marched one 



ILEGIMENT^L HISTORY. 325 

thousand six hundred and twenty four miles, and traveled one 
hundred and twenty-eight miles by rail. 

On the twenty-fourth of March, the regiment left camp at 
Murfreesboro', taking the pike leading to Hoover's Gap, de- 
fended by the enemy. Here they found General Wilder, hotly 
engaged with tliem. On the morning of the twenty-fifth, the 
brigade under command of Colonel Scribner, formed in line 
of battle, with their left resting on the pike, where they were 
subjected to a terrible storm of shot and shell all day. Our 
batteries replied vigorously to those of the enemy, dismount- 
ing several pieces of cannon. The next day the entire line 
advanced, driving the enemy at every point, meeting with 
little opposition until arriving at Winchester, where they 
halted, preparatory to the advance on Tullahoma, where the 
enemy had made a stand. Before arrangements were com- 
pleted however, they retreated in the direction of the Tennes- 
see river. Pursuit was made, but only light skirmishing en- 
eued. The march was continued, and on the seventh of July 
the command went into camp at Cowan Station, on the Nash- 
ville and Chattanooga railroad. Here they remained until 
August, when thej' removed to Anderson Station, where a 
shady camp was already prepared. 

On the second of September, the regiment left Anderson 
Station for Bridgeport, Alabama, crossing the Tennessee river 
on the fourth, assisting the division ammunition train upon 
Sand Mountain. They then rejoined the command, and de- 
scended into Lookout Valley. September tenth they crossed 
Lookout Mountain, the brigade assisting the train over, and 
camped in McAlmon's cove. On the eleventh, the brigade 
marched to the assistance of General Negley's Division, which 
was threatened with an attack. Went into line of battle at 
noon, with companies B, C, I and F, on the skirmish line. 
Company B lost one corporal killed, and one private wounded ; 
company C, one private dangerously wounded. At dusk, 
finding it impossible to cope with the enemy, General Negley 
gave orders to retire to the foot of Lookout Mountain, fortify, 
and await reinforcements. On the eighteenth, the division 
moved to a point near Chicamauga creek, and on the nine- 
teenth took position in line of battle, became hotly engaged, 



826 REGIMENTAL UISTORY. 

and uftcr an lionr'.s hanl figlitiii^, were iliinkcd by a licavy 
force on tlie rii^^lit, and eonipelled lo retreat from tlie niiecjnal 
conflict. Sunday, the twentieth, the regiment again took 
position in center of line of battle, with the Fourth Indiana 
battery, on their iinniediate right. They repulsed the enemy, 
who came down upon them in columns seven deep, several 
times. At three o'clock, the lines on the right and left having 
given way, by orders from General Thomas, the brigade fell 
back in good order to the Rossville road. The next day they 
vvei'e under artillery fire upon the range of hills around Ross- 
ville, and in the afternoon of the twenty-second, the regiment 
moved out of their works, taking the road to Chattanooga, 
being the last to leave their position, and the rear guard of 
the entire army. At sunrise next morning they arrived at 
Chattanooga, and were placed in line with the brigade, be- 
tween the Chattanooga and Knoxville, and Chattanooga and 
Atlanta Railroads, with orders to construct breastworks with 
the greatest possible dispatch. The loss of the regiment ia 
the battle was eleven killed, fifty-nine wounded, and forty 
missing ; a total of one hundred and ten. 

The regiment remained at Chattanooga, until the reorgan- 
ization of the army by General Grant, when it was assigned 
to the First Brigade, First Division, Fourteenth Army Corps, 
under the immediate command of Brigadier General Carlin, 
commanding the brigade, and placed in position on the ex- 
treme right of the line of battle, near Moccasin Point, below 
Chattanooga, on the river, within range of the guns u})()n the 
point of Lookout Mountain. General Grant's plans being 
matured, the command moved out on the twenty-fifth of No- 
vember, in front of Fort Negley, as reserve for Baird's divis- 
ion, in the contemplated storming of Mission Ridge. How- 
ever, before the advance was made. General Carlin received 
orders from General Thomas, to move his command to the 
right, cross Chattanooga creek, ascend the slope of the moun- 
tain, and assist General Hooker, who was at this time advan- 
cing over the brow of the hill, under the point, driving the 
enemy before him. On arriving at the creek it was found 
that the bridge had been destroyed, flat-boats were procured, 
lashed together, and swung across the stream, when the bri- 



KEGIMENTAL HISTORY. 327 

gade crossed, and began the ascent. Arriving at the Wliite 
House, Gene^'al Carlin reported to General Hooker, who or- 
dered him into position on the left of the line, covering the 
Ringgold road, and reaching to the bluff under the point. 
There was considerable skirmishing during the night, and on 
the morning of the twenty-sixth, the brigade moved back 
across Chattanooga creek, and took position on the right of 
the line there formed to assault Mission Ridge. Tlie regi- 
ment took part in the charge and assisted in the capture of 
some four hundred prisoners, when they were detailed by the 
General Commanding to take them back to Chattanooga. 
The regiment then rejoined the brigade, and accompanied the 
army to Graysville, wdiere the pursuit was abandoned, and 
they returned to Chattanooga. 

The loss of the regiment upon Lookout Mountain and 
Mission Ridge, was twenty-five wounded, Major W. L. Carter 
being among the number, seriously wounded in the thigh. 

The brigade now moved to Rossville, Georgia, and were 
engaged on outpost duty. December twentieth, a majority 
of the regiment re-enlisted as veterans, and on the twenty- 
eighth were mustered in as a veteran organization — paid oft' — 
and on the third of January started for Indiana, arriving at 
'New Albany on the thirteenth. 

In obedience to orders from Governor 0. P. Morton, the 
following report was forwarded : 

Headquarters Thirty-Eighth Indiana V. V. L, 
New Albany, Indiana, January 13, 1864. 
Colonel — In obedience to orders, I have the honor to re- 
port the arrival of the Thirty-Eighth Regiment Indiana Vet- 
eran Volunteers, in camp of rendezvous at this point. 

strength of command. 

Veteran Volunteers (enlisted and mustered), 240 

Enlisted men who have given written obligations to 

re-enlist at the expiration of two years' service,... 10 

Veterans re-enlisted during furlough, awaiting muster, 6 



Total Veterans 256 



B28 Ri;(iI.MKNTAL HISTORY. 

Recruits for Regiment jnustered at Indianapolis 

during furloiigli, 16 

Recruits enlisted during lurlough, awaiting mus- 
ter, 55 

Total new recruits 71 

Total officers, 25 ; Enlisted men, 327 

Very respectfully, your most obedient, 

B. F. SCRIBNER, 

Colonel Thirty- Eighth Indiana V. V. I. 
To Conrad Baker, Col. and A. A. V. M. General Indiana. 

The men were furloughed for thirty days, and the officers 
engaged in recruiting. They succeeded in obtaining many ac- 
cessions. February thirteenth, the expiration of the term of 
furloughs, the regiment assembled at the rendezvous in New 
Albany. On the twentieth the regiment started for the front, 
under command of Major Carter, Colonel Scribner and Lieu- 
tenant Colonel Griffin, remaining on recruiting service. They 
arrived at Chattanooga on the twenty-fourth, when they were 
re-assigned to their old brigade, under command of General 
Carliu, and ordered to report to him at Tyner's Station, Ten- 
nessee. They arrived there on the first of March. Here the 
officers of the Thirty-Eighth joined those of the other regi- 
ments of the brigade in the presentation of a fine horse to 
General Carlin, their worthy brigade commander. 

On the third of March the brigade moved to Graysville, 
the regiment accompanying it. Prior to this date, however, 
an order was received transferring the Thirty-Eighth from the 
First to the Third brigade, on which occasion the following 
order was promulgated : 

GENERAL ORDER NO. 12. 

The Brigadier General commanding the brigade, regrets 
that the exigencies of the service have called for the transfer 
of the Thirty-Eighth Indiana Veteran Volunteer Infantry 
from this brigade. 

The efficiency of the officers, and the gallant and honor- 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 329 

able deportment of the enlisted men of tliis refcinient, on all 
occasions, whether in camp or in battle, have given it a repu- 
tation of which they may justly feel proud. 

In losing the regiment from his command, the General 
will not lose his interest in their welfare and glory. 

By order of Brigadier General Carlin, 
R. J. "Waggoner, Captain and A. A. G. 
To Commanding Oificer Thirty-Eighth Indiana V. V. I. 

Upon the transfer of the regiment to the Third brigade 
the command of the brigade devolved upon Colonel Scribner 
by seniority, Lieutenant Colonel Griffin assuming command 
of the regiment. 

On the third of May, the brigade broke camp, moving in 
the direction of Ringgold, Georgia, which was the beginning, 
as it afterwards proved, of the famous campaign against Gen- 
eral Johnson and Atlanta. 

As Lieutenant Colonel Griffin's official report gives a con- 
cise account of the part taken by the regiment in this cam- 
paign, we append it in full : 

Headquarters Thirty-Eighth Indiana Veteran Volunteers, 
JoNESBORo, Georgia, September 5, 1864. 

Lieutenant — I have the honor to report the following as 
the part taken by the Thirty-Eighth Regiment Indiana 
Veteran Volunteer Infantry, in the summer campaign of 
1864, in the State of Georgia. 

May 3, 1864 — Moved from Graysville, Georgia, as part of 
the Third Brigade, First Division, Fourteenth Army Corps, 
(Colonel B. F. Scribner, Thirty-Eighth Indiana Commanding 
Bri ade) ; stopping at Ringgold until May 7, 1864, when the 
regiment participated in the advance on, and occupation of 
Tunnel Hill, the eneniT retiring to Buzzard Roost Gap. 

May 9 — Advanced on Buzzard Roost with the brigade, 
driving the enemy's skirmishers and occupying an advanced 
position under a heavy fire of artillery ; losing in this ad- 
vance and position, two enlisted men killed, three officers and 
eleven enlisted men wounded. 

May 12 — Marched from Buzzard Roost, passing through 



330 RFCIMKNTAL IIISTOIIY. 

Snake Crcrlc ^uip, juhI part icijiatini^ witli tlio ln'iifadt' in tlie 
iidvamc on liosacca, May toiirteeiitli and liftoontli, without 
loss. 

May It) — CoMUHiMKH-d pursuit of the enemy, passing 
throtiirh Calhoun, Adaii'sville and Kingston, crossing Etowah 
river at Ishind Ford, (May 23d) taking jtosition (May 2l)th) 
in front of enemy's works near Dalhis. 

May 27 — Moved witli the brigade and divifiitui supporting 
Gont'ral ^\'^ood's division, Fourth Ami}' Corps, passing to tlie 
front aiul left, striking tlie enemy on Little Pumj)kiri Vine 
creek; the brigade advancing on the left of said division, 
the Thirty-Eiglith, with First Wisconsin Infantry, was order- 
ed to the left flank, to occupy and hold a liill of some import- 
ance, which was done, driving the enemy's skirmishers and 
cavalry from it with a loss to the Thirty-Eighth of two en- 
listed men wounded. At midnight the cdmmand was with- 
drawn, by order, building works on a new line, and from that 
date until June fifth, when the enemy were forced to with- 
draw from their position, the regiment was under continuous 
fire of both artillery and musketry, losing one private killed, 
and two wounded. June sixth, participated in the pursuit, 
going into position some three miles in front of Kenesaw 
Mountain, where, on the sevonteenth of Juno, the Thirty- 
Eighth was ordered to the front to advance the lines, an<l did 
so, charging their pits, capturing four prisoners, and driving 
the enemy in front to their main works near the foot of Kene- 
saw Mountain, and holding the jiosition, six hundred yards 
therefrom, under a heavy artillery and musketry fire. During 
these advances the regiment lost two killed and five wounded. 

The enemy being again forced tVom his linos, the regiment 
with brigade wont into position near the south-west end of 
Kenesaw. Again moving, on the night of the twenty-second, 
about one and a half miles to right, taking position on Bald 
Knol), seven hundred yards from the enemy's main works, 
and from which the most vigorous shelling was kept up tlaily 
upon our lines; the regiment losing one killed and three 
wouutled. liemainod in tliis position until the niir-lit of July 
second, when the brigade moved to tlie left flank, only to find 
the enemy in retreat. Mornv iir oK July third, followed ia 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 331 

pursuit at once, passing through Marietta and forcing the 
enemy (July 5th) to near their main works on the Chatta- 
hoochee river. On this date, Colonel Scribner having been 
taken quite sick, the command of the brigade devolved upon 
Colonel Given, Seventy-Fourth Ohio Veteran Volunteers. 
July ninth, the regiment supported the Twenty-First Ohio 
Veteran Volunteers, in advancing the skirmish line north of 
the Chattahoochee river, when a spirited and gallant affair 
ensued ; the Twenty-First charged and carried the enemy's 
rifle-pits, the Thirty-Eighth as a reserve, losing five wounded 
during the affair. 

July 15— Colonel M. F. Moore, Sixty-:N'inth Ohio Veteran 
Volunteer Infantry, having been assigned to the command 
of the brigade, and subsequent operations of the regiment 
coming under your personal observation, I shall be as brief 
as possible. July seventeenth, crossed the Chattahoochee 
r.iver near Vining's Station, advancing and participating in the 
skirmishing from that point to the crossing of Nancy's and 
Peach Tree creeks. On the twentieth, was in the front line 
during the engagement of that day, losing one captain and 
four enlisted men, wounded. 

July 21 — The regiment was ordered on a reconnoissance, 
finding the enemy in force three fourths of a mile to the 
front. Returned with a loss of one killed and one wounded. 
Afternoon of the twenty-first^ as part of the first line, sup- 
ported Lieutenant Colonel Brigham, Sixty-I^Tinth O. V. V. I., 
in his advance of skirmish line. Tiiis regiment and line gal- 
lantly charged across open fields, driving and capturing many 
of the enemy. The Thirty-Eighth, with the Twenty-First 
Ohio and Thirty-Seventh Indiana, followed as supports, press- 
ed the lines to within four hundred yards of the enemy's main 
works, and occupied the same at one o'clock, a. m. The 
enemy retreated to Atlanta. In this advance the regiment 
lost one killed and four Avonnded. 

July 22 — Participated in the advance on Atlanta, going 
into position in front of their works and about two miles from 
the city. July twenty-eighth, moved with the bi-igade to 
support the Army of the Tennessee tlien engaged with the 
enemy; went into position on the flank of said army, throw- 



332 RE(3rME.NT.\L IIISTOHY. 

ing 11 1> works, but did not beeonie engaged. From this date 
until August twenty-fifth, (afternoon) tlie regiment participa- 
ted in tlie sicirmishes and advances made by tlie brigade in 
the vicinity of Atlanta, taking with the brigade an advanced 
position in the lines (August 9th and 10th) within one thous- 
and \ar(ls of the enemy's main works. Losses, though light, 
were of almost daily occurrence. 

August 25 — Nine o'clock, p. M., left position in front of 
Atlanta to take part in the movements south of that point. 
Joined the division (from which the brigade had bcjen tempo- 
rarily detached) on the night of the twenty-fifth. August 
t|renty-sixth, occupied a flank line of works. August twenty- 
seventh and twenty-eighth, move/1 south-westerly, striking 
the Atlanta and West Point liailroad, six miles south of East 
Point. On the afternoon of the twenty-eighth and twenty- 
ninth, assisted in destroying the railroad, which was done 
•effectively. August thirtieth, moved in the direction of the 
Macon Railroad, advancing to within four miles of Jonesboro. 
September first, commenced a movement eastward toward the 
railroad, Third brigade in advance of the Corps; moved out 
on the Rough and Ready and Jonesboro road ; soon meeting 
the enemy's skirmishers, lines were formed. Second brigade 
on the right, Third on the left, advancing thus for about a 
mile through fields, swamps, sloughs and creeks, driving the 
enemy's skirmishers and gaining the railroad about two miles 
north of Jonesboro; thereconnecting with the Fourth Corps. 
Lines reformed about four o'clock, p. m., in same order, facing 
south, the left of Third brigade resting on the railroad. The 
Thirty-Eighth on the right of the second line, advanced 
through an immense thicket, under fire of the enemy's skir- 
mishers, who were driven by our skirmish line (of which 
company D, Captain Low formed a part), across an open field, 
and into their works in the woods beyond. The first line of 
brigade followed closely, putting up eight lines of works in 
the edge of the timber, while the second line were halted a 
hundred yards in the rear, and also put up a light line of 
works. The first line advancing, became hotly engaged in 
the woods, the fight extending to the right for some distance 
with great fury. The other regiments from the second line 



■REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 333 

were ordered forward to support the tirst, leaving the Thirty- 
Eighth for a time spectators to the gallant charges of their 
comrades. Soon, however, came an order for the Thirty- 
Eighth to advance, and, crossing the field, it was ordered to 
take if possible, the enemy's works. Moving to the right of 
the brigade line, the woods were entered ; then deploying com- 
pany 6, Captain 11. F. Perry, and company II, Lieutenant Da- 
vid H. Patton, commanding, as skirmishers, the advance was 
given and acted upon with alacrity. The men, in the face of a 
terrible fire, charged over the fallen timber and abattis, 
struck the works, and carried them ; then, swinging by a wheel 
to the left, advanced down the line towards the railroad, clear- 
ing the pits and traverses as they passed, and hurrying the 
prisoners to the rear. In a short time the brigade front was 
cleared, the railroad gained, and a rebel section of artillery 
and infantry colors barely escaped capture. On the left of 
the railroad no advance seemed to be made, and the enfilading 
fire from there was such that safety required that the left bank 
should be taken ; so across the railroad, down and up the 
sides of a ten feet cut, did the men charge, clearing the works 
for sixty yards beyond until in fact they came under the fire 
of our men of the Fourth Corps, who were three hundred 
yards to the rear. This caused a withdrawal towards the left 
bank of the railroad, which was held, together with the right 
bank, and rebel works to the right. The enemy's battery 
was now in its second position, and four hundred yards down 
the railroad, hurling the canister directly against us. No 
advance being made on the left of the railroad, the enemy 
rallied, advanced up their traversed line to within four rods of 
our position, and finally caused a withdrawal from that side 
of the road, after losing Major Carter, wounded. Captains 
Jenkins and Perry wounded, and Lieutenant Osborne killed, 
while enlisted men fell in proportion. 

Having now withdrawn to the right bank of the railroad, 
still occupying the full brigade front of rebel works (the 
Seventy-Fourth Ohio having taken position on the right) and 
seeing no prospect of the advance of the troops on the left 
of the railroad, and having received notice that all the troops 
of our brigade were then in action, I deemed it but slauc^hter 



334 UKiil MIA'TAI, HISTORY. 

of the iiieii, who IkhI Ui-IkivciI so M^alhuiily, to remain longer 
exposed to tlie terrible entiladins: iire from the left, and con- 
sequently withdrew ahoiit dusk in good order to the open 
field in our rear. 

The enemy fought with the greatest desperation, and after 
first entering their works, 'twas a continuous tight along their 
line of (rarerscs for each section, many not dropj)ing their 
truns until tired on or clubbed with the rifle. Tiie smallness 
of the command deterred rae from sending prisoners to the 
rear under guard, although forty-one were thus disposed of, 
but I am certain the estimate is none too high, when I say 
one hundred at least were sent to the rear by the regiment. 

To botli officers and men of the regiment, I desire to say, 
they did their every duty, and did it well. Major Carter 
was ever at his post until stricken down. Captains Jenkins 
and Perry and Lieutenant Osborn, were also struck while in 
the very front. The color-bearer, (Lance Sergeant George 
"VV. Field, company C), was instantly killed as he planted the 
colors on the railroad bank. They were taken up and carried 
throughout the balance of the action by Lieutenant Joseph 
W. Redding, company J), whom I would especially mention 
for his gallant conduct. The regimental colors were carried 
safely through by Sergeant Owen, company I. The losses in 
the engagement were, one officer and seven men killed, three 
officers and twenty-five enlisted men wounded, one enlisted 
man missing. -^ * * * '■^' * * * 

* * * =!^ During tlie entire campaign of four 
months, although exposed to almost continuous tire, hard 
labor, and marches, both officers and men have at all time> 
acted with alacrity, energy and cheerfulness. 

Very respectfull}', your most obedient servant, 

D. F. Griffin, 
Lieutenant Colonel, Commanding Thirty- Eirjhth lad. V. V. I. 

To II. O. Montague, Lieutenant and A. A. A. G. 

Third Brigade, First Division, Fourteenth A. C. 

From Jonesboro the regiment moved with the command 
back through Rough and Ready to Atlanta, going into camp 
one mile and a half east of the city. 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. o3o 

Colonel B. F. Scribner commanded the brigade during 
the campaign, leading it in the battle of Buzzard itoost Gap, 
Resacca, Pumpkin Vine creek, Xew Hope, Kenesaw Moun- 
tain, Chattahoochee river, and almost innumerable skirmishes, 
but on the seventh of July, he was compelled, on account 
of sickness, to relinquish the command. At the expi- 
ration of his term of service, (August 21, 1864), seeing no 
hope of regaining his health, and not willing to be an expense 
to the Government, he reluctantly offered his resignation, 
wliich was accepted. By this act, the army lost an efficient 
and patriotic officer. One who by his kindness and calm de- 
liberation and cool courage upon the field of battle had won 
the love and admiration of all under his command. 

The following order, issued at the instance of the division 
commander, with reference to the battle of Is'ew Hope 
Church, will explain itself: 

Headquarters First Division, Fourteenth A. C, 

Kear Dallas, Ga., May 28, 1864. 
Colonel — General Johnson desires to express to you his 
high appreciation of the gallantry exhibited by the whole 
troops of your brigade in the night engagement of the twen- 
ty-seventh inst. The admirable spirit displayed by them on 
that occasion, is above all things desirable and commendable. 
Soldiers animated by such courage and fortitude, are capa- 
ble of the very highest achievements. Considering the short 
time of your connection with this brigade as its commanding 
officer, the good conduct of your troops was equally credita- 
ble to you and to them. 

The General Commanding is proud of both. 
You will publish this to each of the regiments of your 
brigade. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

E. T. Wells, 
Captain arid A. A. G. 
To Colonel B. F. Scribner, Commanding 

Third Brigade, First Division, Fourteenth A. C. 

On the third of October, the regiment broke camp to par- 



386 RKOIMF.NTAL UlSTuKY. 

tici[i:ite ill tlio niovfiiK-iit airniiist 1 lood, who was at tluit time 
threatciiinif our linos of coiiiiimniciitioii. Prior, however, to 
starting upo!! the caiiipaiirii i" Georgia, an event oceurred 
which was tleeitly regretted by the regiment. We refer to 
the resignation of Lieutenant Colonel Daniel F. Griffin, on 
account of sickness and a fracture received by being thrown 
from his horse. Before leaving the regiment he issued the 
following order: 

IIeadquarters Thirty-Eighth Indiana V, V. I, 

Kingston, Ga., Novembers, 18()4. 

GENERAL ORDER NO. 39. 

Officers and Soldiers of the Thirty -Eighth — In taking leave 
of you, I cannot but express thanks for the uniform kindness 
you have at all times evinced toward me; of the cheerfulness 
of your behavior and general good conduct in camp and upon 
the field. 

Your record as heroes in action has been written on too 
many fields, to require here a repetition. Let your future 
deeds but equal your illustrious past, as I believe they will, 
and your names will live upon the brightest pages of our 
Nation's history. 

Let your starry banner, so often carried in triumph through 
every strife, be raised still higher than the battlements of a 
Jonesboro. 

To the officers, I have been indebted for unswerving devo- 
tion to the interests of the command, and thank them all for 
their unity of action. 

To the brave boys I can but say, every thing is due to their 
valor on the field, an-d remember that now you have a leader, 
in the commander of Jonesboro's gallant skirmish line. 

May victory crown your every efibrt, a happy and peaceful 
Nation bless your devotion to her flag, and a joyful home 
greet your victorious return. 

To one and all I breathe kind regards and a fervent " God 
bless you !'' 

D. F. Griffin, 
Lieutcna))t Colonel, Commnndincj TJrirfu-Eifjhth Ind. V. V. 1. 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 337 

The following letter was forwarded to the Colonel, prior to 
his leaving for his home in New Albany, Inaiana : 

Headquarters First Division, Fourteenth A. C, 

Kingston, Ga., November 8, 1864, 
Colonel — As you have left the military service of the 
United States, after serving through the term for which you 
enlisted, I wish to give you this testimonial of my respect for 
you as an officer and as a man. 

You have belonged to my command for thirteen months, 
during which you have participated in many of the most im- 
portant battles that have occcurred in this war. 

From Lookout Mountain and Mission Ridge to Jouesboro, 
you have never failed to fight the enemy with courage, zeal 
and skill. You have always kept your command in such a 
state of discipline, as to give me the assurance that all was 
well where you commanded, and in consequence thereof, you 
and your regiment have probably been called upon to do 
more than an equal share of duty. 

"Whether you remain in civil life, or return in the course of 
the war, to the army, I shall ever wish you success, and sin- 
cerely recommend you to the favor of your fellow citizens, 
and to your Governor and the President. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

William P. Carlin, 
Brigadier General. 
To Lieutenant Colonel D. F. Griffin, 

Late of Thirty-Eighth Indiana V. V. L 

Captain Low, being the senior officer present, (Major Car- 
ter and Captains Jenkins and Perry, being absent on account 
of wounds received in the battle of Jouesboro), took com- 
mand of the regiment. 

The following is the report of Captain Low, detailing, the 
part taken by the Thirty-Eighth in " Sherman's march to the 
Sea:" 

Headquarters Thirty-Eighth Lndiana Y. V. L, 

Savannah, Ga., December 24, 1864. 
Lieutenant — I have the honor to report the following as 
Vol. IL— 22. 



338 llE^;I.^^l;^TAL history. 

the p:irt t;ikeii by tlie Thirty-Eighth Indiana V. V. I., in the 
fall caiupaigu, i'rom the date of moving from Atlanta, ami 
its participation in the campaign to circumvent the move- 
ments of the enemy, under General llood — .its termination — 
the return to Atlanta, and the march from that place through 
Georgia — the operations bcl'ore Savannali, ending in the evac- 
uation of the same b}' the enemy, and its occupatiou by our 
forces, December 21, 1864. 

The regiment participated in and as a part of the Third 
Brigade, First Division, Fourteenth Array Corps, Colonel II. 
A. Ilambright, Seventy-Ninth Pennsylvana V. V. I., com- 
manding. In the absence of any correct data, I must neces- 
sarily be brief in this portion of the report, as the regiment 
was at that time commanded by Lieutenant Colonel D. F. 
Griffin, who retained command until November 10, 1864, when 
the command devolved upon me. 

In the march against the enemy, who was moving north- 
ward, threatening communications, the regiment passed 
through Marietta, crossed the Etowah, passed through King- 
ston, marching to near Rome, occupying in the march to this 
place until the thirteenth. From there, on the fourteenth, 
marched to Resacca, passed through Snake Creek Gap, in 
pursuit of the enem}', taking the road leading to Simerville, 
arriving there on the twentieth. On the twenty-first, marched 
to Galesville, Alabama. ' On the twenty-fourth, the regiment, 
with the brigade, was sent to scour the adjacent country in 
search of guerrilla bands infesting the same, returning to 
Galesville, October twenty-seventh. October twenty-eighth, 
resumed the march, taking the road to Home, arriving there 
October twenty-ninth. November second, marched to King- 
ston, remaining there till the twelfth. Commencing marcli to 
Atlanta, on the thirteenth, passed through Cartersville, crossed 
Etowah river, and assisted in destroying the railroad as far 
as Big Shanty, moving through Marietta, crossing the Chat- 
tahoochee river on the fourteenth, arriving at Atlanta, on 
the fifteenth. 

November sixteenth, the regiment with the brigade, com- 
mcuced the march from Atlanta, moving on the road leading 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 339 

to the Atlanta and Augusta Ivailroad. On the seventeenth, 
continued the march, assisting in destroying the above men- 
tioned raib'oad at a point near Yellow river. Crossed the 
same on the eighteenth, and marched through Covington. 
On the same day the command of the brigade (Colonel Ham- 
bright having been taken quite sick), devolved upon Lieuten- 
ant Colonel L. Miles, Seventy-Ninth P. V. V. I., and the 
subsequent operations of the regiment came under your 
observation. I shall be as brief as possible. 

November nineteenth, the regiment continued the march, 
moving in a southerly direction, until reaching and passing 
through Milledgeville, (November twenty-third), thence pass- 
ing through Sandersville, (November twenty-seventh). No- 
vember twenty-eighth, crossed the Central Railroad. No- 
vember twenty-ninth, passed through Louisville. From this 
date continued the march, reaching and assisting in destroy- 
ing the Augusta and Savannah Railroad, at a point between 
Waj'nesboro and Millen. 

December seventh, came to main Augusta and Savannah 
Railroad, running near and parallel to the Savannah river, 
which was followed until arriving near and going into posi- 
tion in front of the enemy's works, about five miles from 
Savannah and south of Canal. December eleventh, the regi- 
ment, with the brigade, relieved the Second brigade in the front 
line of works, remaining in the same position until December 

22, 1864, when it went into camp in its present position. 

;;< H< ^ ^ ^ ^ jji 5ii i!; ^; ^ >!« 

During the campaign, inclusive of that which the report is 
made to cover, I believe that not more than one month's 
whole rations were issued. For the greater portion of the 
campaign, the command subsisted exclusively upon the coun-' 
try. 

Respectfully, your obedient servant, 

James H. Low, 
Captain, Coynmanding Thirty-Eighth Indiana V. V. I. 
To Lieutenant L. G. Bodie, A. A. A. G. 

The army encamped at Savannah, after the evacuation, un- 
til the morning of the twenty-first of January, when they 



840 IIKC I MENTAL HISTORY. 

took 11}) the liiu' of niarcli for Raleigh, North Cjirolina. 
Nothiii£i^ of uiiusujil iniftortance occurred until the twenty- 
ninth, when a squad of rebel cavalry dashed into the camp of 
the regiment and captured a few men. They were soon com- 
pelled to retreat, however, so rapidly as to be unable to retain 
their prisoners. They then moved on, the cavalry skirmish- 
ing with the enemy as usual, until the nineteenth of March, 
when the battle of Bontonville took place. We give the fol- 
lowing particulars of this engagement from the report of 
Captain Patton to'Lieutenant L. G. Bodie, A. A. A. G. : 

" On the morning of the nineteenth, the enemy's skirmish- 
ers in our front seemed unusually stubborn ; so much so that 
the usual forage parties were unable to dislodge them from 
their barricades, which crossed the road. Stronger parties 
were sent out, and from time to time reinforced, until it was 
found necessary to send a brigade. The First brigade of the 
First Division, Fourteenth Army Corps, was assigned to this 
duty and after pressing them out of two positions they were 
driven back rapidly, until they again opposed in force. 
Then we reached the ground where the battle of Bontonville 
was fought. 

The enemy being too strong for the brigade which was then 
in the front, the entire division was deployed into line — the 
Second brigade to the left, and the Third to the right of the 
First. 

As soon as the line was thus formed it was pushed forward. 
The woods through which the line was formed were very 
dense, and in some places swampy. 

The Third brigade, which was composed of three regiments, 
numbering from right to left as follows: SeventA'-Ninth P. 
Y. V. I., Thirty-Eiglith I. V. V. I., and Twenty-First O. 
V. V. I., occupied a very swampy part of the line. But a 
short distance was gained before we were met by an over- 
whelming force of rebels. After an hour's hard skirmishing 
the enemy seemed to have withdrawn, but in order to decide 
this matter, General Carlin ordered the Seventy-Ninth P. Y. 
Y. L, and the Thirty-Eighth I. Y. Y. I., to move forward, 
press them back until they learned their position, and ascer- 
tain whether they had works> or not. Accordingly, when the 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 341 

signal was given, every man pressed forward through the 
swamp and tangled undergrowth until the enemy's skirmishers 
were driven within their works. A murderous fire was then 
opened upon us, and in endeavoring to correct the lines which 
had necessarily been disarranged in crossing the swamp, 
Captain Low fell mortally wounded. 

The object of the advance being accomplished, and the men 
being exposed to a severe fire for no purpose, the entire line 
fell back to its original position, where I, being the next senior 
oflicer present, took command of the regiment. 

Works were strengthened and every preparation made for 
a stubborn resistance to their expected attack. At this time 
the fighting on our left seemed to be growing more fierce, 
when it was soon understood that a part of the line in that 
direction had given away. 

The enemy pressed their advantages in that direction, and 
forced themselves through, swinging down upon our rear, thus 
placing us between two fires. Colonel McMahon, Twenty- 
First Ohio, being on the left of the brigade, observed the situ- 
ation first, and swung his regiment back just in time to save 
it. I followed with the Thirty-Eighth, and a new line was 
formed in the same order, at right angles with the old one. 
But no sooner had the line been formed than the enemy came 
down upon us. We soon checked them, and would have 
driven them had it not been for a new force coming down on 
our left flank, which again compelled us to change position 
by swinging our left back and placing our backs almost on 
the enemy that had been in our front. This new line being 
formed. Colonel Miles, commanding the brigade, gave orders to 
charge forward and drive the enemy from our front (late our 
rear.) The line moved steadily forward, met the enemy, and 
drove them back into a swamp so deep and wide that it was 
impossible for a line of troops to advance in any thing like 
order. In this position we lost a number of men, among 
whom was First Lieutenant Charles S. Deweese, killed, and 
Adjutant Ilazzard, wounded. 

It was in this condition, isolated from the division, without 
a brigade commander, and almost surrounded by the enemy, 
when Lieutenant Colonel McMahon assumed command of 



342 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

the brigade and ordered it to the rear to a third position, 
which was held. Colonel Miles had been previously wound- 
ed and taken from the field. 

Tlie lines which had been broken on our left had been re- 
inforced by a portion of the twentieth Corps, so that by strong 
fif^liting the position was regained. The whole line was then 
pushed back and the old line pernuincntly established. Kight 
brought partial rest; new and strong works were built, so 
that when the next morning came all felt confident that we 
were able to hold our positions. But little fighting occurred 
during the morning; skirmishing grew warmer and warm- 
er, until in the evening considerable fighting took place at 
difl^erent points on the line. Xight brought quiet. 

On the twenty-first skirmishing grew warmer until late in 
the evening, when the Fifteenth Corps upon our right, made 
a charge upon the enemy's lines, breaking them, striking 
their flanks and driving them in confusion from their po- 
sition. Night came and fighting ceased. 

Morning dawned ; the enemy w^as gone. We took up our 
line of march for Goldsboro, leaving details behind to bury 
the dead. Crossed JJ^euse Kiver and reached' Goldsboro on 
the twenty-third of March, where we went into camp with 
promises of a " good time coming." 

Since assuming command of the regiment I can not speak 
too highly of the ofiicers and men w^ho compose it. 

The death of Captain Low is lamented by all. He was a 
gentleman and a true soldier. 

The death of Lieutenant Deweese is also deeply regretted, 
and his memory will be cherished as long as a man of the 
gallant old Thirty-Eighth remains. 

I am very respectfully. 

Your obedient servant, 

D. H. Patton, 
Captain J Commanding Thirty-Eighth Indiana V. V. 1. 

In this campaign the Thirty-Eighth lost thirty-seven, offi- 
cers and men, killed, wounded and missing. 

A short time after the arrival of the regiment at Goldsboro, 
notice was received by the regimental commander of the res- 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 343 

ignation of Major Wm. L. Carter, which was accepted, to 
take effect from the twenty-ninth day of March, 1865. 

The Major, it will be remembered, was quite severely 
wounded in the battle of Jonesboro, and not being able to 
serve with the regiment, offered his resignation. 

Too much can not be said of the high qualities possessed 
by the Major. He was a true gentleman in every sense of 
the word ; polite, generous and kind, yet exercising all the 
qualities that make an efficient officer; his acts were in just 
keeping with the laws and rules of right and justice. 

At a called meetine: of the res^iment on the evening: of the 
seventh of April, 1865, the following resolutions were report- 
ed and adopted : 

Camp of the Thirty-Eighth Ind. Vet. Vol. Inf., 

GoLDSBORO, IST. C, April 8, 1865. 

At a meeting of the officers of the regiment held upon the 
seventh inst. for the purpose of drafting and adopting reso- 
lutions expressive of deep regret and sympathy entertained 
in memory of the departed dead. 

On motion, Captain J. A. Sheckels was called to the chair, 
and Captain "VVm. C. Shaw appointed Secretary. Captains 
Edmond Hostetter, David H. Patton and "VVm. D. Moore, 
were appointed as a committee to draft resolutions, when the 
following were reported and adopted : 

Whereas, We have been deeply grieved by the recent ti- 
dings of the death of our late loved and respected comman- 
der, Lieutenant-Colonel Daniel F. Griffin, who was spared to 
us in the turmoil of battle only to be stricken down by fell 
disease when amid the quiet of home; therefore, be it 

Resolved, That we make this public testimonial of our high 
regard for our long time commander, who, on the fields of 
Chaplain Hills, Stone River, Dug Gap, Chicamauga, and the 
wild crags of Lookout Mountain, in midnight gloom, scaling 
the steep sides of Mission Ridge, at the head of his regiment; 
and during the long, tedious, wearying and dangerous advance 
on Atlanta, manifested those qualities of high courage, calm 
deliberation, and determined purpose, which will surely make 
his name distinguished as a military leader; 



344 KKOIMENTAL HISTORY. 

Resolved, Tlnit wliili! those qualities so necessary for the 
officer, won our respect, yet we shall never forget the gentle- 
manly iloportnient, impartial judgment, and sympathizing 
breast, which will render the name of our "Little Dan" dear 
to us, and make it imperishable while a man of the "gallant 
Thirty-Eighth" remains in life. 

Jicsoh'cd, That we extend to the many friends of the " no- 
ble lamented," to his kindred, and in a special manner her, 
who must mourn his loss, our most tender and hearty sym- 
pathies. 

AVijEHEAS, We are called upon to mourn the loss of our 
late commander, Captain James H. Low, and brother officer 
Lieutenant Charles Deweese, who fell before the bullets of 
the foe on the nineteenth of March, at the battle of the 
swamps near Bentonville, North Carolina, be it 

Resolved, That we make this public manifestation of the 
esteem and regard in which we held both of the lamented 
dead who fell bravely at their posts, manifesting in their last 
engagement the same unflinching courage which distinguish- 
ed them on every field from Chaplain Hills to this, their last 
well-fought battle. 

Resolved, That v;ith the respect we bear these brave dead 
as officers, we mingle with it a deeper and more tender feel- 
ing for their qualities as men, for while they never flinched 
as soldiers, they never failed as kind and courteous gentle- 
men. 

Resolved, That we extend to their friends and families our 
heartfelt sympathies with their loss, and ofler to them the 
consolation that we ourselves feel, that those who are missed 
died bravely at their posts, with name untarnished and honor 
unimpaired. 

:is Hi H< ^ ^ 5}: ^c 

Captain J. A. Siieckles, Chairman. 
Captain Wm. C. Shaw, Secretary. 

On the eighth of April, three hundred conscripts, who had 
been serving in General Thomas' Department during Hood's 
advance upon Xashville, reported to the regiment for duty. 
At noon of the same day they took up the line of march, 



REGIMENTAL UISTORY. v 345 

moving soutli-west, passing through Sniithfield, where they 
received the news of Lee's surrender. Great rejoicing and 
tossing of hats was indulged in, and the soldiers felt that the 
end of their toils and sufferings was near at hand. They en- 
tered Raleigh on the thirteenth, and from thence moved to 
Martha's Vineyard, where they established a regular camp 
pending negotiations between Generals Sherman and John- 
son. The army broke camp on the twenty-eighth of April, 
and the Thirty-Eighth arrived at Alexandria, near "Washing- 
ton City, on the nineteenth of May, and went into camp. 
Here Captains Patten, Brinkworth and Shaw received their 
commissions respectively as Colonel, Lieutenant-Colonel and 
Major. 

On the twenty-fourth of May the regiment participated in 
the grand review at Washington City, after which they re- 
crossed the riv^er and went into camp near Georgetown. On 
the eighth of June they received an assignment of one hun- 
dred and forty-two men from the Eighty-Eighth Indiana V. 
V. I., and on the ninth left "Washington, via Parkersburg, 
Virginia, for Louisville, arriving at the latter phice on the 
fourteenth inst., and going into camp. Here about twenty 
per cent, of the men present were furloughed for the period 
of ten days. 

In conformity with orders from the "^V^ar Department the 
regiment was mustered out of the service of the United 
States on the fifteenth of July, 1865, and ordered to report at 
Indianapolis for pay and final muster out. Accordingly the 
regiment left Louisville on the seventeenth, arriving at In- 
dianapolis on the eighteenth, with thirty-seven ofiicers and 
four hundred and eighty-six enlisted men. Quarters were as- 
signed the regiment in Camp Carrington, and at three o'clock 
the same day the usual reception was given them. They were 
addressed by Governor Morton, General Hovey, General Ben- 
nett and others. On the twenty-third the regiment was paid 
off by Major Grover, after which the Thirty-Eighth Regi- 
ment Indiana "\^eteran Volunteer Infantry ceased to exist as 
an organization. 



346 llEOIMENTAL HISTORY. 

NINTH REQIMENT. 

This regiment, after serving faithfully three months, (a his- 
tory of which will he found in the first volume of this work), 
was re-organized for the three years' service at LaPorte, on 
the twenty-seventh of August, 1801, and was mustered in at 
the same place on the fifth of September. Tlic following is 
the roster : 

Field and Staff Officers. — Colonel, Robert II. Milroy, Ren- 
sellaer; Lieutenant Colonel, Gideon C. Moody, llensellaer; 
Major, William II. Blake, Michigan City; Adjutant, Thomas 
J. Patton, LaPorte; Regimental Quartermaster, James J. 
Drum, Indianapolis; Surgeon, Daniel Meeker, LaPorte; 
Assistant Surgeon, Mason G. Sherman, Michigan City; 
Chaplain, Safety Layton, Logansport. 

Company A. — Captain, John B. Milroy, Delphi ; First Lieu- 
tenant, Thomas Madden, Del])hi; Second Lieutenant, Jacob 
K. Armor, Delphi. 

Company B. — Captain, William Copp, Michigan City ; First 
Lieutenant, Joseph AV. Harding, Calumet; Second Lieuten- 
ant, Reuben Piatt, Calumet. 

Company C. — Captain, Douglas G. Risley, Elkhart ; First 
Lieutenant, James D. Braden, Elkhart; Second Lieutenant, 
Ezra Willard, Elkhart. 

Company D. — Captain, Amasa Johnson, Plymouth ; First 
Lieutenant, William II. II. Mattingly, Plymouth ; Second 
Lieutenant, Washington Kelley, Plymouth. 

Company E. — Captain, John K. Blackstone, Hebron; First 
Lieutenant, Leonidas A. Cole, Hebron; Second Lieutenant, 
Stephen P. Hodsden, Valparaiso. 

Company F. — Captain, George II. Carter, LaPorte ; First 
Lieutenant, Charles S. Morrow, LaPorte; Second Lieutenant, 
William H. Merritt, LaPorte. 

Company G. — Captain, Joshua Ilealey, Rensellaer ; First 
Lieutenant, William II. Rhoades, Rensellaer ; Second Lieu- 
tenant, John 0. Cravens, Rensellaer. 

Company if.— Captain, Isaac B. Suman, Valparaiso ; First 
Lieutenant, Dewitt C. Hodsden, Valparaiso; Second Lieu- 
tenant, William II. Benny, Valparaiso. 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 34t 

Company I. — Captain, James Houghton, Mishawaka; First 
Lieutenant, Isaac M. Pettit, Mishawaka ; Second Lieutenant, 
William Merrifield, Mishawaka. 

Company K. — Captain, William P. Laselle, Logansport; 
First Lieutenant, Joseph ' S. Turner, Logansport ; Second 
Lieutenant, Joseph A. "Westlake, Logansport. 

On the fourteenth of September, the regiment took the cars 
for Western Virginia, proceeding by rail to Webster, where 
it disembarked and marched to Elkwater Valley. Soon after- 
wards it was moved to Cheat Mountain Summit, where win- 
ter quarters were built, and occupied. 

On the third of October they moved down the Staunton 
pike, and took part in the fight at Green Piver. The advance 
became first engaged at Grcenbriar bridge, with the rebel 
pickets, who soon fell back to their camp on Georgia Heights. 
The command crossed the bridge, where the fight was renewed 
The Ninth took position in the front line, and held it dur- 
ing the battle, sustaining a loss of twenty killed and twenty 
wounded. The same night they fell back to their camp on 
Cheat Mountain Summit. 

Remaining there but one day the regiment marched by way 
of Huttonsville to Elkwater. but were soon ordered to Cheat 
Mountain. Meanwhile General Milroy, (September 3, 18G1), 
was appointed Brigadier General of Volunteers and assigned 
to command the "Cheat Mountain Brigade." Lieutenant 
Colonel Moody was accordingly promoted to Colonel, Major 
Blake to Lieutenant Colonel, and Captain Milroy to Major. 

From information obtained from scouts of the Ninth, 
General Milroy planned the attack on the rebel Colonel John- 
son's command at Allegheny Heights. The General divided 
his forces into two columns. The battle began early on the 
morning of December thirteenth. Colonel Moody, with the 
Ninth, and a small detachment of the Second Virginia, passed 
to the rear of the rebels by a bridle path over the mountains. 
The passage was extremely difficult, and the guide lost his 
way. Consequently Colonel Moody did not arrive on the 
battle field until the forces under General Milroy had been 
beaten back, and withdrawn from the field. The advance 
guard being fired upon by the rebel pickets, the Colonel post- 



348 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

ed the unarmed artillerymen (afterwards the Wilder Buttery), 
on the left of eompany A, and facing the rcgin.ent by the 
right tiank, ordered a charge. Cheering wildly, the men 
rushed down the mountain fully a mile before they were op- 
posed. The men were much exhausted by the march, and by 
the time they reached the abattis in front of the enemy's 
works, they were unfit to make a successful attack. Here the 
command of the column passed into the hands of Mnjor 
Alilroy, ]jieutemint Colonel Blake being at home on leave of 
absence. A portion of the command were immediately de- 
ployed behind logs and stumps, and a vigorous skirmish fight 
maintained for several hours, when the Major deemed it ex- 
pedient to withdraw. The w^ounded were carried oft" in 
blankets, and the killed were buried. The loss was forty, 
killed and wounded. 

On the eighth of January, the Xinth entered upon the be- 
ginning of new scenes and operations, and the echoing sliouts 
of the boys as they passed down the mountain, attested their 
willingness for a change. On the eighteenth of January- they 
reached Fetterman, Virginia, and encamped. "While here the 
measles made their appearance, and many of the soldiers died. 
February nineteenth, the regiment boarded the cars and were 
transported to Cincinnati, and from thence to Nashville by 
steamer. Here they were assigned to General Hazon's bri- 
gade, General Kelson's division, of General Buell's army, and 
went into camp near the Murfreesboro' pike, a few miles from 
Nashville. March twenty-eighth the division moved to 
Spring Hill, while the army marched to Savannah, Tennes- 
see. 

On Sunday morning, April sixtJi, loud cannonading was 
heard in the direction of Pittsburg Landing, and at three 
o'clock, p. M., General Nelson's command was put in motion. 
During the night the division was conveyed across the Ten- 
nessee river, and took its place in 1"'"^ of battle. Early next 
morning, Colonel llazcn's brigade was marched out to engage 
the enemy, the Ninth Indiana and Sixth Ivontucky in the 
front, and the Forty-First Ohio in reserve. Under cover of 
a fog the brigade was slowly and cautiously advanced. Soon 
heavy discharges of shell, grape and canister, falling into the 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 349 

ranks, discovered the presence of the enemy. Without wav- 
ering, and with their pieces at " right shoulder shift," they 
steadily advanced. Companies E and K, under command of 
Lieutenant Colonel Blake, were promptly deployed, when he 
charged and took the rebel battery with his skirmishers. 

Being unsupported, however, and opposed by vastly supe- 
rior numbers, he was compelled to fall back to the main line. 
The battle now raged furiously, but the position of the J^inth 
was held throughout the fight, ammunition being supplied by 
details from wagons in the rear. Two batteries were bearing 
on the regiment, one in front, and the other enfilading the 
right flank. Adjutant Patton was killed by a cannon ball, 
when Captain Lyman mounted his horse and performed field 
duty during the remainder of the battle. Captain Laselle 
was acting Major, and did gallant service. While the com- 
mand was engaged in repulsing a furious attack of the enemy, 
General Nelson rode behind the column and complimented 
the men for their gallantry. Colonel Moody being absent for 
some unexplained reason, the command of the regiment de- 
volved upon Lieutenant Colonel Blake, who displayed great 
courage and skill. About ten o'clock a charge was made 
upon our lines by massed columns of rebels. Many of them 
paid dearly for their temerity. Colonel Blake gave a com- 
mand not known in the tactics : " Go for them, boys !" Fix- 
ing bayonets as they pressed forward, firing and cheering, 
they broke through the columns of the enemy. The pursuit 
was kept up until, unsupported and out-flanked, they Avere 
withdrawn by order of the commanding General. In this 
charge a rebel battery was captured by the regiment. Later 
in the day Lieutenant Colonel Blake again charged the rebel 
lines, driving them before him, when, beaten back, dispirited 
and discouraged, they made their way to Corinth, Mississippi. 

The Ninth went into the battle of Shiloh with four hun- 
dred and eighty-five, ran kand file, of which one hundred and 
seventy-two were killed or wounded. The following are the 
casualties among the officers: Killed — Adjutant Patton, Cap- 
tain Houghton and Lieutenant Turner. Wounded — ^Captains 
Copp and Johnson, and Lieutenants Grose, Harding and 
Willard. 



350 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

Alexander W. Gil more was commissioned Assistant Sur- 
geon, and joined tlio regiment. For the gallantry displayed 
by the Ninth in this battle, General Nelson procured a beau- 
tiful stand of colors, inscribed " Shiloh ! General Nelson to 
the Ninth liegiinent Indiana Voluntcjcrs." Owing, however, 
to the unfoftiinute death of the General at Louisville, the flag 
was not formally presented until after the battle of Chica- 
manga. General Nelson's command went into camp after 
the battle on the field, remaining until May, when the camp 
was broken up, and the combined forces of Grant and Buell 
marched to the investment of Corinth. "While on the march 
the Ninth was often on the skirmish line, losing heavily in 
killed and wounded. During the investment of the rebel 
works it was often under tire, either employed upon fortifica- 
tions or in skirmishing and picketing. 

After the evacuation of Corinth by the rebels, the Fourth 
Division marched to luka, where it remained during the 
month of June, when it was removed to Athens, Alabama. 
The camp at this place was named " Camp Houghton," in 
honor of Captain Houghton who was killed at Shiloh. From 
Athens they moved to Bowling Green, Kentucky, and thence 
back to Nashville. While here Colonel Moody received or- 
ders to report to the Nineteenth Regulars, in which regiment 
he held a captaincy. 

About this time General Nelson was assigned to command 
the troops in Kentucky, operating against Kirby Smith. Rail- 
road communications being cut off from Louisville by Mor- 
gan's .guerrillas, the Ninth Indiana, Seventy-Ninth Pennsyl- 
vania, and an Ohio battery, were selected to escort the General 
to Bowling Green, that being the nearest point at which com- 
munications could be eftected. AVhile returning, the regiment 
joined theTwenty-Second Kentucky and Michigan Mechanics 
and Engii>eers, and was employed in building bridges and 
stockades on the Louisville and Nashville railroad. They re- 
joined the division at Louisville, on the twelfth of September. 
It was now commanded by General W. S. Smith. While 
here Lieutenant Colonel Blake received a commission as Col- 
onel, Captain J. C. B. Suman as Lieutenant Colonel, and Cap- 
tain William P. Laselle as Major. The following' promotions 



REGIMENTAL HISTOllY. 351 

were also made in the line officers : Company 11, First 
L'u'UtiMiunt DeWitt C. Ilodsden to Captain; First Sergeant 
Robert F. Drullinger to First Lieutenant; Company K, First 
Lieutenant D. B. MuConnell to Captain ; Second Lieutenant 
Aladison M. Coulson to First Lieutenant ; Sergeant John 
Shirk to Second Lieutenant. 

The Fourth Division participated in the pursuit of General 
Bragg's forces through Bardstown, Perryville, Danville, Camp 
Dick Robinson, Crab Orchard and Loudon, to the Wild Cat 
Mountains. The regiment lost a few men on the skirmish 
line at Perryville. 

October tenth they approached Danville, where were sta- 
tic !ir<l a rebel force of cavalry. The jSTinth were placed on 
picket duty, and kept up regular skirmish fighting during the 
night and morning. At seven o'clock, a. m., Colonel Blake 
received orders to drive the enemy out of Danville. Deploy- 
ing a part of each company as skirmishers, the advance was 
sounded. A heavy cavalry force, supported by a buttery, dis- 
puted the way. Shot and shell flew thick and fast, and heavy 
volleys of small arras were continually resounding. The regi- 
ment pressed rapidly forward, and the rebel commander soon 
found it prudent to withdraw. Colonel Blake followed the 
rebels, driving them through the city, and four miles beyond, 
on "double quick," capturing some prisoners, horses, mules, 
arms and ammunition. As the regiment returned American 
flags were streaming from the windows, and the citizens of 
the place received them with a hearty welcome. 

On the sixteenth the mountain region was reached, and the 
Ninth was again on the skirmish line. It moved on rapidly 
and under a storm of shell and canister, captured squads of 
the enemy, left to block the way with fallen timber, and 
impede their advance. The enemy finally escaped, taking 
refuge in the mountains. 

From the camp at Wild Cat, ILizen's brigade was ordered 
to Glasgow, Kentucky. Marching through mud and snow, 
without blankets, with tattered clothing and worn out shoes, 
they reached Glasgow on the twelfth of November. Before 
supplies of clothing could be obtained the regiment was sent 
to o-uard a wa£:on train to Mitchelville. 



852 IlEOIMENTAL HISTORY. 

December twenty-sixtli, tlie :inny hci^^iin to advimce upon 
Miirfrecsboro', ralnier's (formerly Smith's) Division, beino^ in 
the advance. On reaching Lavergne, tlie Ninth Indiana and 
Sixtli JCcntiickv wore sent to drive the enemy ont of a wood, 
on the rii^ht of tlic Mnrfrcesboro' pike. Wliile nearing the 
Wdoils a heavy volley of musketry was received. The order 
to load was immediately given, a strong skirmish party sent 
out, and the regiments followed in line of battle. The enemy 
was driven into his works at Lavergno. The Ninth lost one 
killed and a few wounded. 

December twenty-seventh, the Nineteejith Brigade was sent 
to the left of the army, to obtain possession of a bridge over 
Stewart's creek, held by a brigade of rebel cavalry. The 
Ninth, as usual, was on the skirmisli line, incessantly engaged 
during the da}'. The bridge was gained and several prison- 
ers captured. 

BATTLE OF STONE RIVER. 

On the morning of December thirty-first, General Rose- 
crans' order, announcing the order of battle was read to the 
regiment, and preparations for the fight commenced with a 
determination to conqueror die. On the morning of the last 
day of 1862, many of the officers and men of the Ninth looked 
for the last time upon their old flag, tattered and torn at Shiloh, 
where near one half their Jiumber were killed or wounded. 
When night closed the conflict the regiment's line of defense 
was marked by the blood of more than one third of its 
members. It may well be said of tlie Ninth — in com- 
mon with other Indiana regiments — that it bore a most 
gallant and honorable part on that sanguinary field, and 
was not driven throughout the day. The hardest fight- 
ing was done immediately around the spot where a 
monument was afterwards erected to the memory of the 
noVile fallen of the Nineteenth Brigade. Five distinct charges 
were made upon the regiment, and were each repulsed. 
The ground was strewn with rebel dead from within 
twenty feet of the line to within six hundred yards distant. 
The number of guns used was three hundred and thirty-nine ; 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 353 

roun^ls of ammunition expended, fifty-two thousand three 
hundred and forty. 

Captain Isaac M. Pettit, and Lieutenant Henry Kesler, were 
killed. Lieutenant Colonel Suraan, Lieutenant James D. 
Braden, and Lieutenant Joseph B. Brinton, were wounded. 
The number of men killed and wounded was one hundred 
and eight. 

The night was' occupied in burying the dead and taking 
care of the wounded. At early dawn the regiment was with- 
drawn, and was not hotly engaged again during the battle. 

Camps were established at Reedyville. From this place 
four reconnoissanees were made to Woodberry and one to 
Bradyville, in all of which more or less skirmish fighting was 
indulged in. The rebels were whipped in every instance. 

Colonel Blake having resigned his commission, Lieutenant 
Colonel Suman was promoted to Colonel, Major Laselle to 
Lieutenant Colonel, and Captain Carter to Major. Of the 
line oflicers, First Lieutenants Merritt, Braden, Nutt and Mc- 
Cormick, were commissioned Captains, Second Lieutenant 
Hodsden to Adjutant, Lieutenant Kelly, Regimental Quarter- 
master, and Second Lieutenants Marshall, Sidenbender, Crev- 
iston, Crebbin, Criswell, Craner, Bierce and Brinton to First 
Lieutenants ; Sergeants Thompson, Sheppard, Wilber, Parks, 
Martin, Puckett, Davis and Leonard to S-econd Lieutenants. 

Hazen's brigade, participating in the move on Tullahoma, 
was on the left flank of the array, and, passing through Man- 
chester, went as far as Elk river. Some irregular skirmishing 
took place. 

The following officers were commissioned while in camp at 
Manchester: First Lieutenant, John Craner, Captain ; Second 
Lieutenants Leonard and Prickett, First Lieutenants ; Ser- 
geant Benjamin Franklin, Second Lieutenant. 

BATTLE OF CHIOAMAUGA. 

August sixteenth, 1863, the left flank of the army, under 
General Hazen, began the march to Chattanooga. Travers- 
ing the Cumberland Mountains and Walden's Ridge, Poe's 
Tavern, in the Tennessee Valley, was made a camping ground 
Vol. IL— 23. 



354 RECIMENTAL IlISTUUY. 

for the army. The left flank was employ cd in making con- 
tinual demonstrations up and down tiie river, guarding the 
banks from above Harrison's Landing to the town. The 
Ninth skirmished along the Tennessee while the forces camp- 
ed in the Valley. No sooner was Chattanooga evacuated 
than General Ilazen was crossing the river. Colonel Suman 
caused his men to strip their clothing, and with cartridge 
boxes around their necks, and knapsacks on their bayonets, 
the regiment entered the river, the gallant Colonel leading the 
way. Arriving on the south bank, they proceeded to Fish- 
er's Creek. September sixteenth the regiment was on picket 
duty, when a rebel brigade charged the line. Breaking 
through, some penetrated to the line, only to be made pris- 
oners. After assaulting the regiment four times, and gaining 
nothing, they withdrew, minus many men and horses, killed. 
September nineteenth, as our left was retiring before vastly 
superior numbers, the Nineteenth Brigade was double-quicked 
to that point. Hurling themselves boldly upon the foe, they 
for a time turned the tide of battle. The Ninth was in the 
advance, and lost heavily. Afterwards, as the rebel columns 
were massing against a weak point, the brigade was brought 
up, but was compelled to retire. The fighting was of the 
most desperate character. The Ninth was the last regiment 
to leave the ground, and held the front line throughout the 
day. 

Early on the morning of the twentieth the men commenced 
constructing breast-works. Quite formidable works were 
thrown up, when loud and continued artillery and musketry 
firing announced that the battle was renewed. Many despe- 
rate charges were made on the Ninth, but it wavered not. 
About two o'clock the regiment was sent to reinfc/ree Colonel 
Opdyke, where it was formed in two lines, and fought till sun- 
set. Finally it was sent to hold a hill which the rebels were 
making desperate efforts to obtain. Late in the night an as- 
sault was made cJn this position, but, with a few well directed 
volleys the rebels were sent fl^'ing down the declivity. Thus 
the Ninth Indiana fired the last shot at the battle of Chica- 
mauga. 

O^nt of the three hundred and thirteen men with which the 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 355 

regiment went into the battle, one hundred and sixteen were 
killed or wounded. Among them the following officers: 
Killed — Lieutenants Criswell, J^ickerson, Parks, Shepherd and 
Franklin. "Wounded — Captains Healy, Craner and Merritt, 
and Lieutenants Culverton, Marshall, Martin and Prickett. 
Lieutenant-Colonel Cassell was captured while executing an 
order from General Ilazen. Colonel Suraan handled his reg- 
iment most gallantly throughout the entire battle. Lieuten- 
ant Colonel Laselle and Major Carter proved themselves true 
soldiers, and the line officers and men fought most gallantly. 

Skirmishing was quite brisk on the twenty-first. Falling 
back to Chattanooga the regiment was put upon quarter ra- 
tions and obliged to work constantly on earth-works. 

When the reorganization of the army was efi:ected, the 
Ninth was assigned to the Third Brigade, First Division, 
Fourth Army Corps, commanded by Colonel Wm. Grose, 
Thirty-Sixth Indiana Vols. Before parting from their old 
brigade, however, they were sent out on a reconnoitering ex- 
pedition in which they lost three killed and eleven wounded. 

General Grose's Brigade was relieved at Chattanooga, and 
sent over the mountains to Whiteside, where winter quarters 
were built on llaccoon Mountain, a lofty peak overlooking 
Whiteside Valley. I^ovember twenty-third found them toil- 
ing over muddy roads to join Hooker's command. Lookout 
Mountain was all ablaze with rebel camp fires, and presented 
a scene of magnificent splendor. At ten o'clock a. m, of 
the twenty-fourth all was ready for an onward and an up- 
ward movement. Amidst the hissing and bursting of shells, 
the successive and successful charges that gave us the victory 
and possession of the mountain, were made. The Ninth 
were hotly engaged for two liours actual!}- fighting among 
the clouds, which hung around the peak and lowered over 
the plateau. The rebels left during the night, and in the 
morning Colonel Suman called for volunteers to place his 
regimental colors on the peak. But he was anticipated, for 
soon the flag of the Eighth Kentucky waved from the crest. 

On the morning of the first the division marched for Mis- 
sion Ridge — the Ninth in advance. Being ordered to take 
the Hill, Colonel Suman placed his regiment in line of battle, 



356 REOIMKNTAL IlISTnKV. 

and charged tluit portion of Mission Ridge to the left of 
lio88vilIc, encoiinterini,^ a brii;;ule under the rebel General 
Breckenridge. While occupying Mission Kidge the regiment 
bad built ;i lino of log works. Beliind these the rebels were 
now making a stand. The regiment cbarged and took the 
works, killing seventy rebels and capturing three hundred 
prisoners. For this gallant action the Ninth were greeted 
with three long and hearty cheers from the Eighty-Fourth 
Illinois. General Hooker also complimented the men for 
their bravery. The battles of the twenty-fourth and twenty- 
fifth cost the regiment four killed and twenty-one wounded. 

Raccoon Mountain was regained December fifth, when an 
effort was made to reorganize as a veteran regiment. Though 
two and a half years of hard service had been passed through, 
and but one-fourth of their original number still survived, 
the re-enlistment was effected. After reorganizing the regi- 
ment numbered two hundred and ninety-five enlisted men, 
and of these nearly every one could point to honorable scars 
received in battle. The regiment returned to Indiana on vet- 
eran furlough. They were highly complimented by Gov- 
ernor Morton and others, as they deserved to be. The Ninth 
was the first veteran regiment from the State, and we believe 
the only one serving through three successive terms with its 
organization perfect. 

One hundred and three volunteer recruits were added while 
at home. Returning, the regiment re-joined General Grose's 
Brigade at Blue Springs, Tennessee. Here fifty-six non-vet- 
erans, who had been temporarily attached to the Thirtieth 
Indiana, made the aggregate six hundred and thirty-seven. 
Four hundred and forty was the number with which it en- 
tered upon the Atlanta campaign. 

The Ninth was busily engaged skirmishing during the four 
days that General Howard's Corps was confronting Rocky 
Faced Ridge, and was the first regiment to plant its colors on 
the rock-bound fortress of Buzzard Roost Gap. It passed on, 
and was among the first regiments that entered Dalton, Geor- 
gia. Moving from thence, it was continually engaged with 
the rebel rear guard, until the enemy took position behind 
their works at Resacca. Operating in the front line through- 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 357 

out that battle, it sustained a loss of twenty killed and 
wQiiiide'd. 

The reg^iment participated in the battles of New Hope, 
Dallas and Kennesaw, and were the skirmishers at Cassville, 
Pine Mountain, Altoona, and other places of less note. For 
forty-nine successive days they were continually under fire, 
and every da}' brought more or less loss to the regiment. 
Several valuable and efficient officers were among the killed 
and wounded at Kentiesaw. Captain DeWitt C. Hodsden 
was shot down at the head of his company. He was an ex- 
perienced officer, having elevated himself from the ranks. 
He was present at every battle and skirmish of the regiment 
from its first organization for the three months' service. Ad- 
jutant S. P. Hodsden, while advancing a skirmish line, was 
severely wounded for the fifth time. Captain J. B. Brinton 
was struck by a musket ball while overseeing a fortification 
at Dallas. Captain McConnell was severely wounded at New 
Hope Church. 

July fourth, the regiment was lying in the second line, in a 
strip of timber, a wide expanse of cornfield spreading out in 
front, fully three-fourths of a mile. Towards noon orders 
were received to advance. With colors flying, Grose's Bri- 
gade was marched through the field, exposed to a deadly fire 
of artillery from the enemy's works. Captain Craner, with 
thirty-six men, composed the skirmishers of the Ninth. He 
performed his duty most ably, driving the rebel skirmish line 
across the open field into its entrenchments. Halting within 
sixty yards of these works, he awaited the coming of the 
Brigade. 

The Ninth took position one hundred yards in rear, and 
began throwing up entrenchments. At dark it was ordered 
to relieve the Fifty-Ninth Illinois on the front line. The cas- 
ualties are as follows: Lieutenant Isaac N. Leonard, severely 
injured by a musket ball, and fifteen enlisted men wounded; 
one mortally. Obtaining trenching tools, though greatly 
wearied by the operations of the day, works were soon erect- 
ed capable of resisting the heaviest missiles. By two o'clock, 
A. M., they were completed, and the weary soldiers lay down 
in their fresh dug ditches to snatch a few moments of sleep 



358 iU':<;imi;nt.\l iiist.»kv. 

before daybreak sliould reveal tlieir itositioi; to the enemy, 
and draw forth tlieir usual coniplenieiit of shot and shell. 

Daylight found tlio enemy's tretiches empty. J3eing imme- 
diately started in pursuit, their rear guard was soon overta- 
ken, when brisk skirmish fighting began. The passage of 
the Chattaboochee was accomplished during a drencbing raia 
storm. On the fifteenth of July another evacuation by the 
rebels was witnessed. 

For a month the regiment was before Atlanta, behind 
works of their own construction. The enemy was similarly 
entrenched, but a short distance in front, and skirmishing 
was of daily occurrence. On several occasions it bore an hon- 
orable part in what the worthy Brigade Commander termed 
" demonstrations." This consisted of a heavy picket detail 
attacking the rebel outposts and driving them to their main 
line for strategetical purposes. Frequently large numbers of 
rebels would be captured. One instance : Colonel Suman 
discovering a point from which the rebel line of picket pits 
— or as the boys termed them, "gopher holes" — could be ap- 
proached unseen, called for volunteers. Sergeants Edward 
Kennedy, Co. H, and Frank Childs, Co. I, with ten men, res- 
ponded. Approaching the lines cautiously until within ten 
yards, they gave a yell, and, dashing along, succeeded in cap- 
turing a pit, taking the men prisoners. Moving rapidly in 
rear, with a portion in front, they took one pit after another 
until all in front of two of our regiments in line had been 
relieved of pickets. 

The Ninth went into the battle of Jonesboro at four o'clock 
p. M., occupying an advanced position in front of the brigade, 
and one hundred yards in front of the rebel fortifications. 
Next morning fifty-nine dead rebels lay in their immediate 
front. It occupied the same time-honored position at Love- 
joy- 

From Pine Mountain it marched northward to Galesville, 
Alabama, passing through Atlanta, Cassville, Adairsville, 
Ackworth, Calhoun, Kingston, Resacca and Rome. They 
were then detached from the corps, and sent along the summit 
of the Lookout range on a scouting expedition. This ended 
the Ninth's participation in the campaign. It had cost them 



KEGIMENTAL UISTORY. 359 

seveu commissioued officers and about one hundred and sev- 
enty-five enlisted men. 

The regiment re-joined the brigade at Pulaski, Tennessee, 
and was reinforced by a large accession of drafted men and 
substitutes; making an aggregate of six hundred and forty- 
seven. 

Falling back on ISTashville before Hood's advance, the men 
were marched night and day, and, footsore, sleepy and weary, 
took their position in the line of battle at Franklin. After 
fighting till a very late hour the regiment was retained as 
rear guard until the army was well under way. 

While in camp at Nashville the following officers were 
mustered: Adjutant S. P. Hodsden and First Lieutenant L. 
B. Creviston, as Captains. They had been absent on account 
of wounds, and returned just in time to take part in the 
!N^ashville fight. 

In this battle the ISTinth, as usual, was in the front line. 
December fifteenth. Colonel Suman charged a portion of the 
rebel works upon which was placed a battery. They were the 
first to gain the rebel defences — theirs the first flag to wave 
on the rebel works. The regiment captured four pieces of 
artillery and four Imndred prisoners. On the sixteenth it 
was again among the first to reach the enemy's fortifications, 
capturing three hundred prisoners. Thus it was engaged for 
two successive days, charging entrenchments. The number 
of men engaged was four hundred. Loss, twenty killed and 
wounded; among them First Lieutenant C. W. Roberts, 
struck by a piece of shell. In the battle the drafted recruits 
and substitutes fought like veterans. 

Following up to Franklin, Colonel Suman, with his regi- 
ment, was detained to rebuild the bridge over Harpeth. It 
was completed in a single night. 

Passing Lexington, Athens and Huntsville, camp was es- 
tablished at Destitute Hollow, January fifth, 1865, where the 
regiment remained until March, when it marched to Bull's 
Gap, East Tennessee, and from thence to ISTashville, where it 
arrived on the twenty-fifth of May. Soon after it was trans- 
ferred to the vicinity of New Orleans and thence to Texas, 
where it remained as part of General Sheridan's Array of 



8G0 kk<;imi;m.\i- history. 

Occupation until Sopteniber, 18(J5, when it was mustered out 
of Hcrvioe and roturneil to Indiana. 

Tlie following are the battles in which the regiment has 
been engaged : Green Briar, Allegheny Iligbts, Shiloh, Btone 
Rivor, Chicaraauga, Perryville, Lookout Mountain, Mission 
Ridge, Ringgold, Dalton, l\esacca, New Hope, Uallan, Keu- 
nesaw Mountain, Battle of July Fourth, Peach Tree Creek, 
engagements before Atlanta, Jonesboro, Lovejoy Station, 
Franklin and Nashville, besides skirmishes and minor en- 
gagements, one hundred and thirty-nine. 

Number of recruits received, five hundred and eighty-six; 
number discharged for disability, three hundred and thirty- 
three; number killed, near two hundred; number wounded, 
five hundred ; number died of disease, one hundred and 
eighty. 




^^^V^.; 



</^-t^ 



, ^-.t*-*, C^'^zr^ 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH. 



CHAPTER IX. 

GENERAL WILLIAM E. GROSE. 

Brevet Major Geueral William E. Grose, was born in Mont- 
gomery County, Ohio, December sixteenth, 1812. His father 
William Grose, Sr., removed to Fayette County, Indiana, in 
1816 — the year of the organization of the State. He was a 
farmer of limited means, and young William assisted him in 
clearing and making his farm. When the son was seventeen 
years of age, the father removed to Henry County, Indiana, 
where the subject of this sketch and his parents still reside 
(January 1866). 

General Grose's grandfather, Jacob Grose, was killed in the 
Revolutionary war, and John Hubbard, his mother's father, 
served during that struggle for freedom. 

The general acquired all the education he could with the 
very limited means at his disposal, in the common schools of 
the country, and then studied law, after which he entered up- 
on the practice of his profession at New Castle, Indiana. He 
was soon admitted to the bar of the Supreme Court of the 
State, and also to the Circuit Court of the United States, and 
followed his profession exclusively, with great success. 

In 1852, lie was one of the Presidential electors for General 
Franklin Pierce, and in 1856, was elected to the Legislature 
by the voters of Henry County. In 1860 he was elected 
Judge of the Common Pleas Court of his District, and served 

(361) 



362 BI'Hilt MMIICAL SKKTCII. 

on tlic l)oi;cli, Avitli lioiior to liimsclf and satisfaction to his 
constitnonc\v. 

When the bugle blasts first sounded for the war he was one 
of those who felt that duty to their country was superior 
to all other obligations, and he accordingly resigned his 
Judgeship and accepted a commission as Colonel of the Thir- 
ty-Sixth Indiana — a noble regiment whose history will be 
found elsewhere in these pages. The regiment was raised in 
a few days, rendezvousing at Ilichmond, Indiana, an-d soon 
after left for the field, reporting to General W. T. Sherman, 
October 1861, in Kentucky. Shortly after, he was ordered 
with his regiment to Xew Haven, where he remained until 
December, when he joined General Nelson's (Fourth) Divis- 
ion at Camp "Wicklifte. The Thirty-Sixth was attached to 
the Tenth Brigade of that division, commanded by Colonel 
Ammen of the Twenty-Fourth Ohio. The fall and winter 
were occupied in drilling and disciplining the troops until 
Februarj', when they were moved to J^Tashville, where they 
remained until March seventeenth, when the Division removed 
to Savannah, on the Tennessee river, at the head of Bueli's 
army. At one o'clock, p. iM., Sunday the sixth of April, Col- 
onel Grose marched with his regiment at the head of the col- 
umn to Pittsburg Landing, and the Thirty-Sixth was the only 
regiment of Bueli's army that took any part on the first day 
of that bloody battle. Colonel Grose received his orders on 
that occasion from General Buell in person, who was present 
on the grounds. 

The Colonel commanded the regiment with great skill and 
daring, during the day, losing eight killed, forty wounded 
and one missincr. The Colonel was severelv wounded in the 
shoulder, and his horse was killed under him. 

Immediately after the battle of Shiloh, Colonel Grose was 
made commander of the Tenth Brigade, composed of his own 
regiment, the Sixth and Twenty-Fourth Ohio, and Seven- 
teenth Kentucky. In command of this brigade he advanced 
with Bueli's army to take part in the siege of Corinth, in 
which he participated until the evacuation of that place by 
the rebels. He then marched with the army into Mississippi 
and Alabama, returning to Xashville, Jul}- seventeenth, 1862. 



GENERAL WILLIAM E. GROSE. 363 

From here, General Grose advanced to Murfreesboro', which 
had been captured by General Forrest, and retook the place 
with a small force, pressing the rebels to the mountains be- 
yond McMinnville. 

On the twenty-seventh of August, the Colonel, with his 
brigade, was retiring to Murfreesboro', escorting a large sup- 
ply train, and, when near Woodbury, was attacked by the 
rebel General Forrest's cavalry. After a hotly contested 
engagement the rebels were repulsed. 

A few days after this battle, Buell's array was concentrated 
at iN'ashville, and Colonel Grose and command returned with 
it to Louisville, Kentucky, where they arrived on the twenty- 
fifth of September. The Eighty-Fourth Illinois Infantry 
was then added to his brigade, making five regiments under 
his command. The Colonel was on the right of the line dur- 
ing the Perryville fight, but not heavily engaged, as the right 
wing of Buell's army was not ordered to attack, while Mc- 
Cook's corps was being driven back on the left of their line. 
The command of Colonel Grose pursued the fleeing forces of 
Bragg to within thirty miles of Cumberland Gap. On 
returning they went into camp at Silver Springs, Tennessee, 
where they remained passive (occasionally moving camp to- 
ward Nashville), until Rosecrans' army moved toward Mur- 
freesboro'. Colonel Grose's brigade was changed to the 
Third Brigade, Second Division, Twenty-First Army Corps, 
and companies H and M, of the Fourth United States Artil- 
lery, were attached to it. 

In the battle of Stone river, this brigade fought desperately, 
as is fully evidenced by the fact that they sustained a loss of 
eix hundred and fifty-nine killed and wounded, being over 
twenty-five per cent, of the command. Colonel Grose led his 
men gallantly, and was always seen where the bullets flew 
thickest. He had another horse shot from under him. Gen- 
eral Palmer, the Division commander, in his report of that 
bloody battle, says : " I can not see wherein the management 
of Colonel Grose's brigade could have been bettered." The 
Colonel was officially recommended for promotion after every 
battle in which he was engaged. 

At Chicamauga he commanded the ^ame brigade as at 



364 BIUtJKAPllICAL SKETCE 

Stone river, and lost five Imndred and fcrtj-se^-en, killed, 
wounded and missing, lie was again wouiided, in t'ne neck, 
by a canister shot. After the battle, a reorganization of the 
Army of the Cumberland took place, and the Ninth, Thir- 
tieth, and Thirty-Sixth Indiana, Fifty-Ninth, Seventy-Fifth, 
Eightieth and Eighty-Fourth Illinois, Twenty-Fourth Ohio 
and Seventy-Seventh Pennsylvania, composed the Third Bri- 
gade, First Division, Fourth Army Corps, commanded by 
Colonel Grose. 

While in front of Atlanta, July thirtieth, 1864, he was pro- 
moted Brigadier General of Volunteers. In August, at the 
same place, the Eighty-Fourth Indiana was assigned to his 
brigade in place of the Fifty-Ninth Illinois. He commanded 
this brigade — except when temporarily in command of the 
division — until sometime in June, 1865, when, at his own re- 
quest, he was relieved of the command. He immediately 
forwarded his resignation, but it was not accepted, and he 
was then appointed President of the General Court Martial, 
for the trial of Colonel John C. Crane, Inspector and A. Q. 
M. of railroads at Nashville. 

August fifteenth, 1865, he was appointed by brevet to Major 
General of Volunteers. On the second of December follow- 
ing, the Court Martial, having completed its labors, adjourned 
sine die. The General's resignation was accepted, and he re- 
turned to his family and friends at home. 

General Grose has a clear record in the war, and Indiana- 
ians justly feel proud of him as a soldier and a citizen. He 
will be revered while living and mourned when dead. 



EEGIMENTAL HISTOEY. 



CHAPTER X. 



THIRTY- SIXTH REGIMENT. 



This regiment was raised ia the Fifth District, and organ- 
ized at Richmond, Indiana. It was mustered into service for. 
three years on the sixteenth of September, 1861. The roster 
was as follows : 

Field and Staff. — Colonel, William Grose, N'ew Castle; 
Lieutenant Colonel, Oliver II. P. Carey, Marion; Major, 
Thomas W. Bennett, Liberty ; Adjutant, George W. Lennard, 
New Castle; Quartermaster, Philemon F. Wiggins, Rich- 
mond; Chaplain, Orange Y. Lemon, Richmond; Surgeon, 
Daniel D. Hall, Connersville ; Assistant Surgeon, Silas H. 
Kersey, Milton. 

Company A. — Captain, William D. Wiles, Lewisville; First 
Lieutenant, Lewis C. Freeman, Lewisville; Second Lieuten- 
ant, Nathan H. Wiles, Lewisville. 

Com.-pany B. — Captain, Alfred Kilgore, Muncie; First 
Lieutenant, Thomas H. Kirby, Muncie; Second Lieutenant, 
Abraham D. Shultz, Muncie. 

Company C. — Captain, Pyrrhus Woodward, New Castle ; 
First Lieutenant, Joseph W. Connell, New Castle ; Second 
Lieutenant, John E. Holland, New Castle. 

Company D. — Captain, Isaac Kinley, New Castle; First 
Lieutenant, David W. Chambers, New Castle; Second Lieu- 
tenant, Robert S, Swain, New Castle. 

(365) 



866 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

Company E. — Cuptiiiii, .Siiimicl G. Kearney, Fairview; 
First Jjieutciiaiit, Juidcs K. Jiaker, Indiauapolis; ISecond 
Lieutenant, Charles li. Case, New Castle. 

t'uini>any F. — Captain, George Hoover, Kicbmond ; First 
Lieutenant, Isaac F. Gsburne, liiehiuund ; tSecond Lieuten- 
aut, Lewis K. Harris, Rieliiiiond. 

Company G. — Captain, James i*. Orr, Liberty; First Lieu- 
tenant, James II. King, Liberty ; Second Lieutenant, James 
H. McClung, Liberty. 

Company H. — Captain, Gilbert Trusler, Connersville ; First 
Lieutenant, Addison M. Davis, Connersville; Second Lieu- 
tenant, William F. Limpus, Connersville. 

Company I. — Captain, John Sim, Cambridge City; First 
Lieutenant, George B. Seig, Cambridge City ; Second Lieu- 
tenant, George L. Weist, Cambridge City. 

Company K. — Captain, Morrow P. Armstrong, Blounts- 
ville ; First Lieutenant, Milton Peden, Knightstown ; Second 
Lieutenant, John S. Way, Winchester. 

On the eleventh of October the regiment left Camp Wayne 
for Louisville, Kentucky, via Indianapolis, one thousand and 
forty-seven strong, and reported to General W. T. Sherman 
on the twenty-third. A few days afterward they reported 
to General Luell, at Xew Haven, Kentucky, where they re- 
mained until ordered to join the Fourth Division, (General 
Nelson's), then forming at Camp Wickliffe, at which place 
they arrived on the fifteenth of December. They were then 
assigned to the Tenth Brigade of that Division, Colonel Ja- 
cob Aramen, of the Twenty-Fourth Ohio, commanding. 
February tenth, 1862, the Division moved to Camp Hart, four 
miles north of Green river, and from thence took up the line 
of march for West Point, on the Ohio river. Here the regi- 
ment embarked on the steamer Woodford, and joined a fleet 
of eighteen transports which conveyed the Division to Nash- 
ville. The Thirty-Sixth Indiana and Sixth Ohio were the 
first federal troops that entered the city, driving out the few 
remaining rebel cavalr}'. 

BuelTs army was concentrated at Nashville. On the sev- 
enteenth of March the Division commenced the long march 
to Savannah, on the Tennessee river, at which place they ar- 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 867 

rived on the fifth of April; forming the advance of the Army 
of the Ohio. 

General Grant's army was then at Pittsburg Landing, 
eight miles above, on the south bank of the river, and fifteen 
miles from Corinth, where the rebels were encamped. 

Early on the morning of the sixth of April, the clash of 
arms in the direction of the Landing was heard in camp, and 
the clangor gradually increased until noon, when Nelson's 
Division started for the scene of action, with the Thirty- 
Sixth at the head of the column. Upon reaching the Land- 
ing the regiment was ferried over, and was the only portion 
of Buell's army engaged in the first day's fight on the bloody 
battle-field of Shiloh. 

BATTLE OF SHILOH. 

After crossing the river the regiment was formed in line 
of battle, when it was ordered to advance in support of Cap- 
tain Stone's Battery, about one hundred and fifty yards in 
front. Here they maintained a steady fire until near dusk, 
when they were joined by the brigade, and took an advanced 
position on the extreme left of the line of battle, where they 
lay on their arms during the night. At half past five o'clock 
the next morning they moved forward in line of battle, with 
two companies thrown out as skirmishers. They advanced 
to a position on the left of the Corinth road, when the skir- 
mishers became actively engaged. The enemy fell steadily 
back a distance of about two miles, when they made a stand, 
and the engagement became general. The enemy making 
strenuous endeavors to turn their left, a third company of 
skirmishers was sent forward, which, together with the skir- 
mishers of the Twenty-Fourth Ohio on the right, prevented 
the success of the enemy's flank movement. The line slowly 
advanced, driving the enemy before them, and at eleven 
o'clock the five companies not on the skirmish line were or- 
dered forward in conjunction with the Twenty-Fourth Ohio, 
and part of the Fifteenth Illinois, into the general engage- 
ment. The enemy were in strong force, with infantry, cav- 
alry, and a heavy battery in their front. The regiment ad- 



368 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

vanced to a fence, mostly thrown down, when a desperate 
contest ensued, during which the hne advanced about sev- 
enty-five yards, to a second fence. Here the ammunition 
gave out, and Colonel Grose ordered them to fall back to the 
first fence and procure a fresh supply, which was obtained, 
and they again advanced. The enemy at this time held a 
position on a hill about a hundred yards distant, in the woods. 
A ^ayonet charge was ordered, and commenced in quick 
time, but when they reached the summit of the eminence, 
the rebels had retreated out of reach. The main struggle, at 
the fence, lasted about two hours. Colonel Grose, in his re- 
port, says : 

" My officers and men behaved well, and stood the fire 
with great bravery, and even to daring, without flinching. I 
know not how, in truth, to compliment any one of my com- 
mand over the rest, for I was "well satisfied with all." 

The actual loss to the regiment in the battle was one offi- 
cer and seven enlisted men killed, forty wounded, and one 
missing. 

Colonel Grose's horse was killed under him, and he was 
slightly wounded in the neck. Companies B, Lieutenant 
Shultz, C, Captain Woodward, and G, Lieutenant King, were 
the skirmishers, and defended the left of the line of battle. 

During the advance. Colonel Grose discovered two compa- 
nies of rebel infantry pressing toward some buildings about 
midway between the contending lines, in front of the right 
of his regiment. He directed Lieutenant Lewis C. Freeman, 
commanding Company A, to advance with him to the build- 
ings. The order was promptly executed on " double quick," 
and the enemy repulsed and severely punished. The entire 
line was then advanced to the spot. 

Immediately after the battle of Shiloh, Colonel Grose as- 
sumed command of the Tenth Brigade, and Lieutenant Colo- 
nel Carey took command of the regiment. 

On the first day of May the array moved toward Corinth, 
and on the thirtieth the regiment entered the place (after its 
evacuation), in advance of the army. 

In June, the Division advanced forty miles south into Mis- 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 369 

sissippi, thence north- east to Tuscumbia, where they crossed 
the river, marched to Athens, Alabama, and encamped. 

In the ear].y part of July the rebels captured Murfreesboro', 
Tennessee. The regiment, with the brigade, started en route 
for that place, via Nashville, and recaptured that town on the 
eighteenth of the month. 

The regiment then marched with the division to McMinn- 
ville, in pursuit of the enemy, and were engaged with the 
Tenth Brigade in the fight with Forrest's cavalry, near 
Woodbury, Tennessee, July twenty-seventh. It was encamped 
at Smithville when Buell's army was ordered to assemble 
at Nashville, on the first of September. From Nashville 
they moved to Louisville, arriving on the twentj'-sixth, 
having traveled, since leaving there in October, 1861, one 
thousand eight hundred and tiiirty-seven miles. 

On the first of October the arm}- commenced its movement 
after Bragg. The regiment played a light part in the battle 
at Perryville, on the eighth, and went with the pursuing 
column. On the seventeenth, with the brigade, it was en- 
gaged in a hea%'y skirmish at Wild Cat Mountain, and lost 
ten wounded. The enemy were pursued to within thirty 
miles of Cumberland Gap, when the regiment returned to 
Silver Springs, Tennessee. After several changes of camp, 
Christmas found them encamped near the Murfreesboro' 
pike, three miles from Nashville. 

In the reorganization of the army, the Thirty-Sixth was 
assigned to the Third Brigade, Second Division, Army of the 
Cumberland, under command of Major General Rosecrans. 
General Palmer commanded the division. Colonel Grose the 
brigade, and Lieutenant Colonel Carey the regiment. Major 
Bennett having been appointed Colonel of the Sixty-Ninth 
Indiana, Captain Kinley was promoted to Major. Captains 
Kearney and Hoover resigned while the regiment was at 
Camp WicklifFe, and Captains Kilgore, Wiles and Armstrong 
shortly after the battle of Shiloh. 

Lieutenant Colonel Carey being absent on leave. Major 
Kinley commanded the regiment when the army commenced 
its movement upon Murfreesboro'. 
Vol. II.— 24. 



370 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

BATTLE OF STONE RIVER. 

On the twenty-ninth of December, at Stewart's creek, the 
Thirty-Sixth entered the front line, waded the creek, and 
drove the enemy to Stone river. On the thirtieth, they 
maintained the position gained on the previous day, and were 
reheved on the morning of the thirty-first by the Ninth Indi- 
ana. They were again formed in line of battle, and were 
preparing to advance, when a terrifi.c fire from the right dis- 
closed the fact that the battle had commenced. In compli- 
ance with orders from Colonel Grose, the regiment counter- 
marched, changed front, and advanced to the edge of a cedar 
thicket, to the right and rear of their first position, forming 
the right flank of the brigade. Hardly had they taken posi- 
tion, when the enemy, who had been concealed in the thick 
undergrowth of cedar, rushed upon them, the first indication 
of his presence being a volley of musketry. Major Isaac 
Kinley, (who was in command of the regiment), laboring 
under the impression that the Fifteenth United States In- 
fantry was in his front, had not taken the precaution to 
throw out skirmishers. The Major was severely, and Cap- 
tain A. D, Shultzs, of Company B, mortally wounded, while 
every mounted ofiicer, except the Adjutant, had their horses 
shot from under them. After firing a few well-directed vol- 
leys, it became apparent that the position could not be held, 
the Fifteenth regulars having confused the line by passing 
out between the regiment and the Sixth Ohio, leaving the 
center and both flanks exposed to the enemy's fire. Quickly 
discovering their advantage, they charged upon the regiment 
with greatly superior numbers, compelling it to retire, cutting 
it oft" from the brigade, and separating Companies A and C 
from the rest. Great eftbrts were made by the oflicers to 
rally the men, but the fire of the enemy being too hot, they 
retired to a spot near the scene of the first conflict. Here 
the oflicers succeeded in reforming the line, and the regiment 
again advanced, under a galling fire, to the front, i^ot a 
man wavered, and for eight long hours they maintained their 
position against the furious assaults of the enem}'. 

First Lieutenant J. W. P. Smith and Second Lieutenant J. 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 371 

C. Bryan, of Company G, were wounded in the early part of 
the day, and compelled to retire from the field. At four 
o'clock, p. M., the fire having slackened, they noted their con- 
dition, and found that out of four hundred and thirty officers 
and men with which they entered the hattle in the morning, 
two hundred and thirteen only remained. This number was 
subsequently increased by the arrival of those who had be- 
come separated from the main body in the morning, to two 
hundred and eightj^-threo. 

The next day — January first, 1865 — the regiment was not 
actively engaged, but on the third, by order of Colonel Grose, 
they moved across the river and took a position on the north- 
east bank, behind a rudely constructed barricade. They had 
remained there some time, when the enemy made a sudden 
attack from the direction of the right flank, while his bat- 
teries poured a raking tire in on the left. The regiment 
changed position, moviiig, by the left flank, a distance of two 
hundred yards. A terrific struggle ensued, but the terrible 
fire to which the enemy was exposed, compelled them to re- 
tire in disorder. At this juncture the regiment made a gal- 
lant charge, driving the rebels, and halting not until total 
darkness made it unsafe to follow up the pursuit. Captain 
J. H. King was killed in this last engagement, while nobly 
encouraging his men at the barricade. 

Captain Pyrrhus Woodward commanded the regiment 
from the time Major Kinley was wounded, and nobly did he 
do his duty. It is from his official report that we have ob- 
tained the facts from which the account of the part enacted 
by the Thirty-Sixth is written. 

The regiment lost twenty-five killed, ninety-one wounded 
and eighteen missing; an aggregate of one hundred and 
thirty-four, a large per cent, of which were officers. 

The Captain concludes his lengthy and detailed report as 
follows : 

"In concluding my report to you, Colonel, I wish again to 
call your attention to the bravery and gallant conduct of both 
the officers and men of my regiment, and to thank tlicm for 
their noble conduct and bearing thronG^hont all tlie trvin^ 



872 REGIMENTAL IIISTOllY. 

scenes from the twenty-eighth of December until the third 
of January. They are worthy of immortal honor. Too 
much can not be said in praise of the glorious dead. Cap- 
tains Shultz and King still live with us though their bodies 
moulder in the earth. The enemy encountered no braver or 
truer spirits in those trying battles. 

" How sleep the brave who sink to rest, 
By all their country's honors blest." 

I am, Colonel, Avith great respect, 

Your most obedient servant, 

Pyrrhus Woodward, 
Captain, Commanding Thirty-Sixth Regiment Ind. Vols. 

Shortly after this battle the regiment moved to Cripple 
creek, nine miles east of Murfreesboro', where it remained 
with the brigade until June twenty-fourth, when it moved to 
Manchester — remaining there until August sixteenth, when 
it advanced with the army into the Sequatchie Valley, and 
on the ni^ht of the fourth of September crossed the Tennes- 
see river on rafts made of logs. They then moved into Look- 
out Valley, to the western base of Lookout mountain. 

September ninth, the rebels retreated from Chattanooga, 
and the regiment, with the division, pursued them to Ring- 
gold, Georgia; thence west to Chicamauga creek, and on to 
the battle-field of Chicamauga. 

The regiment participated in the great battle of Chica- 
mauga, first under Lieutenant Colonel Carey, (who was 
wounded in the first day's fight), when the command de- 
volved upon Major Trusler, who had succeeded Major Kinley. 
We regret that we have no material from which to Avritc an 
account of the gallant conduct of the officers and men in this 
terrible battle. The casualties show that they bore a large 
share of the brunt, and suffered terribly. They are as fol- 
lows : Killed, fourteen ; wounded, ninety-seven ; missing, sev- 
enteen. Total, one hundred and twenty-eight. Among the 
number were Lieutenant Patterson, of Company II, and 
Captain George M. Graves, of Companj' F, killed. The lat- 



REGIMEXTAL HISTORY. 373 

ter was serving as a staff officer for Colonel Grose, command- 
ing the brigade. In his official report, the Colonel says of 
him : " Captain George M. Graves, my Assistant Adjutant 
General — a brave and good officer — fell by my side, mortally 
wounded, on the nineteenth, while rendering efficient service." 

George Shirk, of Company C, (orderly for Colonel Grose), 
fell mortally wounded, while bearing the brigade battle flag 
in the thickest of the action. Sergeant Powell, of the same 
company, was pierced with a Minnie ball, and fell dead while 
gallantly charging the enemy. 

The regiment retired with the army on the night of the 
twentieth to Rossville, and on the following night to Chat- 
tanooga. 

By the reorganization of the army under General Thomas 
the Thirty-Sixth became a part of the Third Brigade, First 
Division, Fourth Corps, Army of the Cumberland, and with 
its brigade marched across the river and down that stream to 
Shell Mound, and thence to White Side Station on the rail- 
road, where it remained on duty until November twenty- 
third, when it marched to Lookout mountain, and reported 
to General Hooker. 

On the twenty-fourth, the regiment, under command of 
Major Trusler, ascended the mountain, " above the clouds," 
and assisted in driving the rebels dov/n into the valley. The 
next day it marched with the brigade upon Mission Ridge, 
assisted in dislodging the enemy from their works, and joined 
in the pursuit to Ringgold, where it participated in the en- 
gagement at that place, and then returned via the Chica- 
mauga battle-ground, assisting in covering the unburied dead 
of that sanguinary conflict. 

In this series of battles the regiment lost one killed and 
ten wounded. 

The regiment lay at Whiteside until January twenty- 
seventh, 1864, when, with the brigade, it marched to Charles- 
ton, in East Tennessee, as escort to a train of bridge builders. 
Returning, it encamped at Blue Springs, where it remained 
until February twenty-second, when it moved with the divi- 
sion to make a reconnoissauce to Dalton, Georgia. It was 
now commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Carey, who had re- 



37-1 REGIMENTAL UISTORY. 

covered from his wound. They came upon the enemy on 
the twenty-fourth, and drove in his outposts. Having been 
reinforced during tlic night, they engaged the rebels next 
da\', but finding them in heavier force than was anticipated, 
tliey were withdrawn and returned to camp. The regiment 
lost one man killed and two wounded. 

On the third of May following, the regiment moved with 
the grand army of one hundred thousand men, under General 
Sherman, to take part in the famous Atlanta campaign. It 
was engaged in all the battles of that campaign, except the 
two last — their term of service having expired previous to 
those engagements. The regiment was under fire one hun- 
dred and eight days, out of the one hundred and twenty- 
three of the campaign, losing five killed, and sixty-one 
wounded. 

The following is an aggregate list of the casualties in the 
Thirty-Sixth, during its term of service, as near as can be as- 
certained : 

Total loss in action, ". 398 

Killed on the field, 53 

Died of wounds, 37 

Died of disease, 100 

Total number of deaths, 190 

While in front of Atlanta, Lieutenant Willard, of Com- 
pany B, was mortally wounded in leading a charge upon the 
enemy's lines. Lieutenant Fentress w^as killed at New Hope 
Church; Lieutenant George II, Bowman, at Ivenesaw moun- 
tain, on the nineteenth, and Lieutenant Mahlon Hendricks 
on the twenty-third of the same month. 

The regiment left the army near Atlanta on the sixth of 
September, and was mustered out on the twenty-first, with 
the exception of twenty veterans and about sixty recruits, 
which were retained and formed into provisional Company 
A. Lieutenants John P. Swisher and Samuel V. Templin 
were the retained officei's. This company remained on duty 
with the old brigade, and marched back to Tennessee after 
Hood's army, participiiting in the battles of Franklin and 
before ISTashvillo, pursuing the rebels to the Tennessee river. 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 375 

It halted at Iluutsville, Alabama, until March thirteenth, 
when it went with the command, by rail, to Knoxville ; thence 
marched to Bull's Gap, East Tennessee, where it remained 
until after the fall of Eichmond, Avheu it returned to Nash- 
ville with the corps. It remained there until June, and was 
there attached to the Thirtieth Indiana. With that portion 
of the Fourth Corps not mustered out, it went to Texas, 
where it remained until ordered home, when it was mustered 
out with the Thirtieth regiment in December, 1865. 

Thus ends the glorious histor}' of one of the best regi- 
ments of Indiana volunteers. 

TWENTY-FIRST REGIMENT. 

On the twenty-fourth of June, 1861, Governor Morton 
issued an order for the raising of ten more regiments in 
Indiana. James W. McMillan was appointed Colonel, and 
authorized to raise one of the new organizations. Accord- 
ingly he proceeded to recruit the Twenty-First, which was 
rendezvoused at Camp Sullivan, Indianapolis, and mustered 
into the service on the twenty-fourth day of July following. 
The roster was as follows : 

Field and Staff Officers.— Co\one], James W. McMillan, 
Bedford; Lieutenant Colonel, John A. Keith, Columbus; 
Major, Benjamin F. Hays, Gosport ; Adjutant, Mathew A. 
Latham, Indianapolis; Quartermaster, William S. Ilinkle, 
Sullivan; Chaplain, ISTelson L. Brakeman, Indianapolis; Sur- 
geon, Ezra Read, Terre Haute; Assistant Surgeon, .John B. 
Davis, Brookville. 

Company A. — Captain, William Roy, LaGrange ; First 
Lieutenant, Charles D. Seely, LaGrange; Second Lieutenant, 
William S. Smurr, LaGrange. 

Company B. — Captain, James Grimsley, Gosport; First 
Lieutenant, John W. Day, Gosport; Second Lieutenant, 
James R. Moore, Gosport. 

Company C. — Captain, Elihu E. Rose, Bloomfield ; First 
Lieutenant, William Bough, Bloomfield; Second Lieutenant, 
Spencer L. Bryan, Bloomfield. 

Company D. — Captain, James H. Garrett, Sullivan ; First 



876 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

Lieutenant, John S. Melam, Sullivan ; Second Lieutenant, 
David Edmiston, Sullivan. 

Company E. — Captain, William H. Shelton, Greencastle; 
First Lieutenant, James AV. Ilamrick, Greencastle; Second 
Lieutenant, Eli Lilly, Greencastle. 

Company F. — Captain, Francis "W. o^oblet, Dover Hill; 
First Lieutenant, Robert C. McAfee, Dover Hill; Second 
Lieutenant, Jesse Elliott, Dover Hill. 

Company G. — Captain, Edward McLaflin, Vincennes; First 
Lieutenant, Henry A. Louis, Vincennes ; Second Lieutenant, 
George AVood, Vincennes. 

Company H. — Captain, John T. Campbell, Rockville; First 
Lieutenant, Thomas D. Bryant, Rockville; Second Lieutenant, 
James W. Connelly, Rockville. 

Company I. — Captain, Richard Campbell, Bowling Green ; 
First Lieutenant, Walter C. Elkin, Bowling Green ; Second 
Lieutenant, Samuel E. Armstrong, Bowling Green. 

Company K. — Captain, Jacob Iless, Martinsville; First 
Lieutenant, Thomas Grinstead, Martinsville; Second Lieu- 
tenant, Clayton Cox, Martinsville. 

The regiment, being fully organized, w^as hastily armed 
with the old fashioned smooth-bore muskets, and left the 
State on the thirty-first of July, en route for Baltimore, Mary- 
land, on the cars. They arrived at Baltimore, on the third 
day of August.. While on the way, their arrivals at the dif- 
ferent stations and cities, had been hailed by demonstrations 
of great joy, and ovations fit for a king, but the reception in 
that hot bed of treason, where so many damnable plots of 
treason had been hatched, was of quite a different nature. A 
few months before, their comrades in arms of the Sixth Mas- 
sachusetts Regiment, had been mobbed as they were passing 
through the city, to defend the Capitol of the Nation, and 
the city ofllcials ha.d publicly declared that they would spill 
the blood of all Union soldiers, who dared to pass through 
their cesspool of treason. The march of the Twenty-First, 
however, through the streets of Baltimore, was grand and 
impressive. The band sent the thrilling strains of a national 
air, with piercing impressiveness upon the unwilling ears of 
the rebels, and the stars and stripes floated defiantly in the 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 377 

breeze, while the tramp, tramp, tramp, of the hoosier patriots, 
warned them to keep aloof. After marching through the 
principal streets, with unloaded muskets, the regiment estab- 
lished a camp on Locust Point. While here they were prin- 
cipally engaged in guarding vessels loaded with array sup- 
plies, and perfecting Jthemselves in regimental drill, and the 
various duties incumbent upon soldiers. From Locust Point 
the camp was afterwards removed to Druid's Hill Park — a 
most lovely and excellent camp. They had up to this time 
had no communication with the citizens, but their gentle- 
manly conduct and true soldierly bearing, gained, at least, the 
respect of all. 

On the eleventh of November they started with General 
Lockwood on the "Eastern Shore Campaign," which pene- 
trated into the counties of Accomac and ^NTorthampton, Vir- 
ginia, for the purpose of dispersing some rebel camps of 
instruction. The rebels were under the command of a Gen- 
eral Smith, who, upon hearing of the approach of the Union 
forces, fled precipitatel}'. After thoroughly scouring the 
peninsula, the regiment returned to their old camp at Balti- 
more, arriving on the sixth of December. Here they gar- 
risoned Fort Marshall, which commands the bay on one side, 
and the approaches to the city by land on the other. Drills 
were again instituted, and the regiment became very profi- 
cient in executing the various military evolutions. 

On the nineteenth of February it was ordered to the front 
and immediately sailed to Fortress Monroe, where it was re- 
ported to General Wool, and was ordered to Newport News. 
Here they set up camp on the twenty-second of February, on 
a sandy beach, where the gale from the sea was so strong that 
the soldiers could hardly cook their food, or keep their tents 
standing while they slept. This camp was near the mouth 
of the James river. Here they fitted out, exchanged arms, 
and prepared to go on the celebrated Butler expedition 
around the coast. The Twenty-First was the only Indiana 
regiment on this expediton, and a period of eighteen months 
elapsed before the soldiers saw any other troops from their 
native State, being isolated at New Orleans, until General 



378 REGIMENTAL UISTORY. 

Grunt and liis noble army opened navigation on tlio Missis- 
sippi river. 

Tlio rei^inient embarked, and as the fleet was passing Sew- 
ell's Point, it was iired npon by tlie rebel batteries. Some 
of the shot fell very near tlio ships, -while others passed over 
and fell into tlie camp of the Twentieth Indiana, at Newport 
News. The fleet anchored that night at Fortress Monroei, 
and was either intentionally or providentially delayed two 
days. It was the intention of the rebels to attack tlie fleet 
with tlie iron-elad monster Merrimac, which had for some 
time been lying in wait. However, during the interim., the 
celebrated naval engagement between that confederate craft 
and the federal monitor, took place, after which the rebel 
ram was no longer to be feared. 

On the sixth of March the fleet sailed for Ship Island. At 
first all was quiet, and nothing disturbed the eager gaze of 
the soldiers, as they looked wonderinglj- and half bewildered 
out upon the blue expanse of the realms of Neptune, or 
watched tlie playful porpois' sportive pranks. Soon sea- 
sickness began to manifest itself, however, as the mad break- 
ers rocked the good ship Constitution, with its three thou- 
sand souls, from side to side, and burst over its decks in 
terrific fury. The hatches were closed, and the men, all 
huddled together, were compelled to lie in their own filth, 
sick, nigh unto death. The scene of suffering can be better 
imagined than described. On the fourth day the gale sub- 
sided, and the remainder of the trip was comparative!}' pleas- 
ant. They were now rounding the coast of Florida. The de- 
mand for fresh water was larger than the supply, in conse- 
quence of which, the soldiers suftered considerabl}' from thirst. 
All began to be alarmed on the fifth da}', on account of the 
scarcity of water, but a calm sea and favorable weather per- 
mitted them to soon reach their destination. On the sixth 
they passed Key West and Fort Taylor, and on the evening 
of the seventh they anchored oft' ship Island. Here they 
were landed on the Island by means of small boats, which 
was quite a hazardous undertaking. The Colonel and several 
of the men came near being lost in a gale. Ship Island is 
situated ofi' Biloxi and Mississippi City. It is nothing more, 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 379 

in reality, than a sand bar, some seven miles in length, and 
from a half mile to one and a half miles in width. It contains 
no vegetation, save a few stinted shrubs and a small pine grove. 
The scene on one side, fades away into the blue waters of the 
Gulf of Mexico. Bog, Cat, and Horn Islands are visible, the 
first to the left,' and the two latter to the right. 

It has since been made a place of banishment for federal 
criminals, and if it proves as disagreeable to them as it did 
to the soldiers of the Twenty-First, we pity the unfortunate 
victims. Before proceeding farther we will state that the 
regiment was brigaded with the Fourth Wisconsin and Sixth 
Michigan — the only Western troops with the expedition — 
commanded by Brigadier General Williams. 

On the island the time was occupied in drilling, notwith- 
standing the unfavorable locality, and the sand, which filled 
the eyes, mouth and face. The wags styled these exercises 
" General Williams' order of combat drills." During the 
stay at Ship Island an expedition was sent over to the Mis- 
sissippi shore, and captured Biloxi and Mississippi City, with 
a large amount of sugar and other stores, which added con- 
siderably to the stock of rations. Quite a naval engagement 
occured at the former place, but our gunboats were successful 
in driving off those of the rebels. 

The command lay on Ship Island for some time, and was 
delayed in consequence of the large boats being unable to 
cross the bar. The only event worthy of note was the arri- 
val of a mail from the North, which was hailed with pleasure. 
The gunboats having successfully crossed the bar, the regi- 
ment embarked on the ship Great Republic, April fifteenth, 
and was towed by the gunboat Jackson, anchoring off South- 
west Pass, on the eighteenth. On the twentj'-third the troops 
crossed the bar on a small vessel, the Great Republic being 
able to cross only when lighted of her freight. They were 
again embarked on her, and lay just out of range of the 
rebel guns, during the bombardment of Forts St. Phillip and 
•tlackson. 

These forts were found to be too formidable for the gunboats, 
and hence it was determined to run the blockade, and land 
the infantry in rear of the forts. Accordingly on the morn- 



380 UEGIMKNTAL HISTORY. 

ing of the tweiity-iourth tlic mortars opoiicd a licavy fire, 
steam was raised, and the squadron ran the gauntlet witli but 
little damage. They met the rebel Hoet, and a sharp naval 
engagement ensued, resulting in the virtual destruction of the 
rebel gunboats, together with three transports. The federals 
lost but one vessel, which was sunk. 

At this stage of the action the rebel General Duncan, com- 
manding the Forts, ottered to surrender them, with all their 
guns, garrison and equipage, provided his men could be al- 
lowed to march out with their small arms. But the offer 
was spurned bj" the federal commanders. 

On the twenty-fifth the command started around the South- 
west Pass, to the rear of Fort Jackson. The soil was very 
swampy, and it was almost impossible to land the troops. A 
portion of the Twenty-First was landed, however, by means 
of small boats, in rear of the forts, and on the twenty-eighth, 
when the rebels saw the infantry closing up in their rear, they 
ran up the white flag and capitulated. General Duncan, with 
some seven hundred prisoners, and all theguns and munitions 
of war fell into our hands. The infantry then embarked and 
sailed around to the mouth of the river, and from there up 
the stream to New Orleans. The Twenty-First was the first 
regiment to touch the New Orleans wharf, on the first of 
May, when they immediately marched up into the city, the 
regimental band playing "Piccayune Butler's coming, com- 
ing." The wharf was crowded with rebel citizens, but they 
were not there to welcome our soldiers. The women spit at 
them as they passed, and the men taunted and jeered. The 
manner in which General Butler ruled the people at New 
Orleans is well known, and comments would not be proper 
here. The rebels paid dearly for their whistle. 

The Twenty-First took possession of Algiers, a small city 
opposite New Orleans. Here they camped until the thirtieth 
of May, making frequent bold incursions into the very heart 
of the enemy's country. For these expeditions the}' received 
great praise for their courage and daring. * 

On the fifth of May — four days after their arrival — Colonel 
McMillen, with a detachment of the regiment, boarded a train 
of cars, placed a caiinon on the locomotive, and penetrated 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 381 

the enemy's country eighty miles, to Brashear City. This 
being the terminus of the road, they remained all night, ob- 
tained all the supplies the place afforded, and returned. The 
inhabitant-s threatened to mob them and exhibited all manner 
of insolence, but none of them dared harm a hair of the 
heads of the " boys in blue." Just as the train was starting, 
however, a large crowd of rebels gathered around the cars, 
and gave three cheers for Jeff. Davis. The train was imme- 
diately stopped, and the soldiers, jumped from the cars. 
The rebels took to their heels, but each man singled out hia 
"Johnny," and in most cases capturc-d him. The prisoners 
were taken to New Orleans and turned over to General But- 
ler. We are of the candid opinion that they paid dearly for 
the exhibition of their zeal for the arch traitor. 

An expedition from the Twenty-First, under Colonel Mc- 
Millan, captured many steamers in Red river, and the sea- 
going blockade ru-nner. Fox, at the mouth of Grand Caillou, 
on the Gulf Coast, where it had been secreted in the marshes. 
It was loaded with a rich cargo of contraband goods, consist- 
ing of small arms, swords, hats and imported cloth. They 
were turned over to General Butler, who ordered a lot of 
felt hats and side arms distributed to the men of the regiment 
as a reward. A few days after, the regiment left Algiers, and 
when in the vicinity of a place called Ilouma, several of the 
men became exhausted and unable to travel further. Colonel 
McMillan pressed a wagon, and putting four men into it, 
started it back to the railroad that the men might return by 
the cars. They were attacked by some citizens of Ilouma, 
who killed two of them, and severely wounded the others* 
The latter escaped, however, and proceeded to camp and re- 
ported the proceeding. Lieutenant Colonel Keith, upon 
hearing of this inhuman treatment of the soldiers, took a 
detachment, and went to Ilouma. They started on a special 
train, and the next day surrounded the town. Lieutenant 
Colonel Keith immediately issued a proclamation to the in- 
habitants, stating his mission, and demanding the surrender 
of the murderers of the soldiers; on failure of which he 
threatened to hang a number of the most prominent citizens, 
who were immediately arrested. A scaffold was erected in 



382 KE(JIMENTAL HISTORY. 

the 6treot, jiiul just as the executions wore to coiniiieiice, a 
rebel stopped out and read the names of the guilty parties. 
The graves of tlie Union soldiers were also pointed out, by 
the side of a barn, where they had been buried in ofial. The 
citizens were compelled to dig them up, procure good 
coffins, and give them a respectable burial in the ceme- 
tery. AVhile this was going on, the women were set to work 
on a national flag, which was raised over the Court House, 
where it remained until worn out, Colonel Keith threatening 
to pay them another visit if it was taken down. Such was 
the summary manner in which rebels were treated by the 
Twenty-First. 

The next movement was on the nineteenth of May, when 
Colonel McMillan took seventy-five men and two pieces of 
artillery on board a small transport, and proceeded up the 
Mississippi river, making the first expedition of Union troops 
up that stream. After proceeding some distance they cap- 
tured the Morning Star, a rebel craft laden with cotton, sugar 
and molasses. They finall}- met the rebels in strong force, 
when they turned down stream and escaped, being hotly pur- 
sued. Major Ila^'s at one time went with a small force as 
far as Fort Scott, and captured a number of cannon and 
small arms. 

On the twenty-sixth an incident worthy of record took 
place. A train was being run each day under charge of a 
Lieutenant, detailed for the purpose, and that morning, as it 
started out for Brashear Cit}-, a company of rebels came 
dashing down and captured Lieutenant Cox, with his train. 
After making a prisoner of the Lieutenant, the rebels run 
the train down the road on time, until they met the other 
train in charge of Lieutenant Connelly. This the}'' also cap- 
tured, and run down to near Algiers. They then started 
back toward Brasliear City, destroying the bridges behind 
them. From this time until December the rebels held the 
road. Lieutenants Cox and Connelly wer<j taken to Opelou- 
sas, where they sufi:ered the tortures of a rebel prison for six 
months, when they made their escape They waded swamps 
and swam streams — stealing along stealthily by night — and 
finally reached the Mississippi river at Donalsonville, Louis- 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 383 

iana. Tliey were much surprised and chagrined to find that 
they had ran upon the bayonets of rebel pickets, instead of 
into the arms of Union soldiers; and they were carried back, 
again to prison. 

On the tv.'cnty-ninth, the regiment was ordered to rejoin the 
brigade, which had already taken possession of Baton llouge. 
Here they encamped in a beautiful magnolia grove, which 
was in full bloom, and the air was ladened with fragrance. 
* The first expedition from here was one after guerrilla cotton 
burners. The detachment started on the evening of the 
ninth of June. On arriving at the place it was found that 
the rebels had burned the cotton and fled. Major Ila^^s, 
however, learned from some negroes the whereabouts of a 
rebel Captain and two men, when Colonel McAlillan, himself, 
and two men started after them. On arriving at the house 
they were fired upon, Colonel McMillan receiving a severe 
buckshot wound. They returned the fire, killing the Cap- 
tain and wounding the soldiers. 

On the nineteenth, General Williams took the other regi- 
ments of the brigade on an expedition up the river to Vicks- 
burg, and left the Twenty-First to hold Baton Eogue. Colo- 
nel McMillan, as soon as he recovered from his wound, 
assumed command of the post. 

In the meantime, General Van Born assumed command of 
the confederate district of Louisiana, and issued his orders in 
true Major Gorrigan style, ordering the people to move back 
from the river, as be was going to rid that stream of Yan- 
kees. Van Doru having quite a large force, the garrison at 
Baton Bogue were kept constantly on the alert. 

On the twenty -fifth of July, Colonel McMillan moved his 
forces into the arsenal yard, and commenced throwing up 
rifle pits. 

The same day, General Williams returned from his expe- 
dition, and on the twenty-seventh the federal gunboat Essex 
came down from Commodore Bortcr's fleet, above Vicksburg. 
Simultaneously, Lieutenant Colonel Keith, with a detachment 
of the Twenty-First, had a fight with the rebels at Williams' 
bridge, on the Amite river, and a skirmish on his return, 
whipping the rebels in both engagements. 



384 REGIMENTAL UISTORY. 

Picket firing was of coiKstunt occuiTencc, but notlnng of 
much importance transpired until the fifth of August, when 
was fought the 

BATTLE OF BATON ROUGE, 

In which tlie Twenty-First distinguished itself. The rebel 
General John C. Breckinridge, with six thousand men, at- 
tacked the Union forces, four thousand strong. The latter 
were, at first, driven back into the town, when they rallied, 
driving, and most signally defeating the rebels. It was a 
close, and almost hand to hand conflict. 

The Twenty-First marched out about one mile and a half 
from the town, and engaged an entire brigade of the enemy. 
A sharp fight ensued, in which they were slowly driven back 
by overwhelming numbers. They, however, contested every 
inch of ground, until reaching their camp, when the line was 
reformed, and they made a determined stand. After four 
hours of most desperate and terrible conflict, in which the 
rebels got possession of, and burned a part of their camp, 
they made a sudden and desperate charge, which decided the 
battle, and drove the rebels in confusion. The rebels left 
their dead upon the field. The Union loss in this battle was 
reported at sixty killed, one hundred and sixty-one wounded, 
and twenty-nine missing. The loss of the rebels must have 
been twice that number. General Williams, commanding 
our forces, was killed. The loss of the regiment was one 
hundred and twenty-six killed and wounded. 

Adjutant Matthew A. Latham, and Lieutenants Seely, 
Grinstead, Bryant and Gust were also killed. They were all 
much lamented by the regiment. 

After the battle, the regiment lay on their arms in the 
street during the n'.ght, and were employed in throwing up 
entrenchments for several days afterwards, when they re- 
turned to camp. 

On the twentieth, the rebels attacked the picket lines of 
the regiment, but the gunboat threw shells into their camp 
and they retreated. 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 38S 

On the tweutj -first, the federals evacuated Baton Rouge., 
and the regiment removed to Carrollton, near iSTevv Orleans. 

On the eighth of September it surprised Waller's Texas 
Rangers, at Des Allamands, killing twelve, and capturing 
thirty or forty prisoners. They also had a number of skir- 
mishes with the enemy at different times, always coming off 
victorious. 

Ill October they moved for Berwick's Bay, where they re- 
mained until the latter part of February, 1863, Two gun- 
boats, the Calhoun and i^estrella, accompanied the expedi- 
tion, and companies E and G were detached to man them. 
Considerable time was occupied in clearing the channel of 
Atchafalayja river, which runs up to Berwick City. 

On the thirtieth, while on their way up the river or bayou, 
a most disastrous accident occurred. A rebel gunboat was 
moving down to attack them, and the deck was crowded with 
soldiers watching her movements, when Colonel McMillan 
ordered the discharge of a piece of cannon which was in po- 
sition on the hurricane deck. The shell burst prematurely, 
just as it left the mouth of the cannon, instantly killing 
Lieutenant Wolfe. Lieutenant Fisher lost both legs, and 
one private was severely wounded. The loss of two such 
gallant officers by accident was a terrible calamity. 

On the first of November they came in sight of Berw^ick 
City, where they found the rebel gunboat Cotten, which they 
immediately attacked, but, being a fleet craft, it made its 
escape. 

The object of the expedition was to interfere with the re- 
treat of Dick Taylor's armj', and act in conjunction with 
General Weitzel, who was moving against Taylor, for the 
purpose of driving him out of the Lafourche district, and re- 
gaining possession of the Great Western Railroad. They 
were so long delayed, however, that when they arrived they 
could see the last of the rebels crossing the bayou. In their 
flight they had destroyed a vast quantity of supplies, and the 
ground was covered, and the water sweetened, with sugar 
and molasses. On the next day they landed and took posses- 
sion of the town. Here tiiey were again isolated and alone 
in the heart of the enemy's countr}'. 
Vol. II.— 25. 



386 PKniMKNTAI, m.^ToKV. 

On tlie third of November, trie gunboats went up the 
Bayou Teche as far as Pottersville, and attacked a rebel bat- 
tery. After a severe eiigac^einent tliey were ci^mpollcd to 
withdraw. Tlic detaclinicut from the Twenty-First lost three 
killed aud five wounded. 

On the sixth, the rebel gunboat Ootten came down and 
gave battle, but was soon made to retreat. It could not be 
pursued on account of the locality of the obstructions not 
being known to our pilots. 

On the seventh, the regiment lost two good soldiers in the 
persons of Sergeant Delemode and private Oulbertson, by 
the explosion of some powder in a car. 

Space will not permit a detail of the various excursions 
made by the regiment while at Berwick City. 

The rebel gunboat Gotten, of which we have previously 
spoken, was continually annoying them by coming out of 
tlie Bayou Teche, firing into them, and then running back 
past the obstructions. General Weitzel ordered an expedi- 
tion in force for the purpose of capturing or destroying her. 
On the thirteenth the Twenty-First started, part going by 
land and part by water. On the fourteenth they came iu 
sight of the Gotten, and the batteries were opened upon her. 
The rebels, to save her from being captured, set lire to and 
destroyed her. The regiment then returned to camp. 

Colonel McMillan, having been appointed Brigadier Gen- 
eral on the twentj'-ninth of November, the command of the 
regiment devolved upon Lieutenant Colonel John A. Keith, 
who was duly commissioned liis successor. 

This closes the eventful history of the Twenty-First as an 
infantry organization, and we shall now follow them through 
quite as important a career in another brunch of the service. 

FIRST HEAVY ARTILLERY. 

By order of General Banks, who had succeeded General 
Butler in command of the Gulf Department, tli(^ Twenty- 
First, in February, 1863, was changed from the infaiiTry to 
the heavy artillery branch of the service. Tuey were imme- 
diately moved to Xew Orleans, where they drew two heavy 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. o87 

guns for each company, and commenced to drill themselves 
in artillery practice. Subsequently, by order from the "War 
Department, measures were adopted and put into operation 
for filling up the regiment to the minimum number required 
by the regulations. Accordingly, Major Hays was dispatched 
to Indiana, and Governor Morton went to work to raise the 
two additional companies — L and M — which were in due 
time added to the regiment. Company L was commanded 
b}' Captain Isaac C. Hendricks, and Company M by Captain 
Samuel C. Armstrong. These additions gave the regiment 
the minimum required, and also entitled them to three more 
Majors, and two additional Lieutenants to each company. 
These ofiices were immediately filled, mostly by promotions 
of old officers. 

After the reorganization a portion of the regiment accom- 
panied General Banks up the Teche, and participated in the 
second battle of Camp Bisland, doing excellent service, and 
manning their guns like old artillerists. After this engage- 
ment they returned to Brashear City, not being able to follov?" 
the infantry. 

Their next prominent action was at the siege of Port Hud- 
eon, where they were particularly distinguished for accuracy 
in firing. Companies A, B, C, G, H and K participated in 
the entire siege, and batteries C and D joined them on the 
fourteenth of June. They went into position on the twenty- 
sixth of May and maintained a spirited fire most of the time 
for forty-two days and nights. The loss of the regiment, 
during the engagement, was twenty-eight killed, wounded 
and missing. 

On the twenty-first of June, part of one company manned 
a light battery in a desperately contested little fight at La- 
fourche crossing, and on the twenty-third of June, most of 
Company F were captured at Brashear City. 

After the siege of Port Gibson the regiment went into 
garrison at Baton Rouge and New Orleans. 

In August, three companies, under Major Ray, accompa- 
nied the expedition to Sabine Pass, and (engaged the enemy 
at that place. 

During the winter of 1863, a large majority of the regi- 



388 REOIMENTAI, HISTORY. 

ment rc-eiilisted and were rc-nuistored as veterans, at New 
Orleans. The veterans were furloughed and returned to In- 
diana. A grand reception was given them at Indianapolis, 
on the nineteenth of Fcbrnary, in Metropolitan Ilall. Spir- 
ited and complimentary addresses were delivered b}' (Jovernor 
Morton, General Hovey, Colonels Slack and Keith, and 
Mayor Caven. 

While the veterans were at home, the non-veterans, com- 
prising a number of new recruits, were formed into two com- 
panies — G and II — and bore an active part in the disastrous 
Red River expedition under General Banks. After return- 
ing from the expedition, (the veterans having returned to the 
field), the different companies w^ere stationed at various points 
in the Department of the Gulf. 

In April, 1865, six companies, under Major Ray, partici- 
pated in the investment of Mobile, the reduction of Forts 
Morgan and Gaines, and Spanish Fort, and the final capture 
of Mobile. This was the close of active operations, and the 
different batteries were assigned to duty at Forts Morgan, 
Thickens and Barancas, and in the works at Baton Rouge and 
other points of river defense, with regimental headquarters 
at Mobile. 

The regiment, at the closing of this sketch, is still in active 
service, doing the duty above mentioned, under command of 
Colonel Benjamin F. Hays. 

FIFTEENTH REGIMENT. 

The Fifteenth was originally organized as one of the six 
regiments of State troops, at Lafayette. The companies com- 
jtosing it represented nearly every district in the State. 
Failing to get into service at the time of its organization, 
owing to the promptitude with which the State's quota had 
been filled, it remained at Camp Morton, Indianapolis, until 
the passage by the Legislature of the act, authorizing the 
Governor to raise four regriments for State service, when it 
was ordered to Camp Tippecanoe, Lafayette, to be mustered 
and receive instructions. The regiment was mustered into 
the State service May twelve, 1861, by George D. Wagner, 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 389 

who Lad been regularly authorized by Governor Morton, for 
that purpose. In the latter part of May there was a second 
call for volunteers, and the Governor ofi'ered the State troops 
the privilege of volunteering for the United States service. 
The Fifteenth promptly responded, and within a few days 
had recruited its ranks to the maximum number. January 
fourteenth, 1861, they were mustered into the United States 
service, by Lieutenant Colonel T. J. Wood, having an aggre- 
gate of one thousand and forty-six men, rank and file. 

The following was the roster : 

Field and Staff. — Colonel, Geo. D. Wagner, Pine Village ; 
Lieutenant Colonel, Richard Owen, New Harmony; Major, 
Gustavus A. Wood, Lafayette ; Adjutant, Michael W. Smith, 
New Harmony ; Quartermaster, Salem F. Fry, Lafayette ; 
Chaplain, Evan Stevenson, Benton County; Surgeon, Rich- 
ard C. Bond, Aurora; Assistant Surgeon, John M. Youart, 
Lafayette. 

Company A. — Captain, A, A. Rice, Attica; First Lieuten- 
ant, John M. Coleman, Attica; Second Lieutenant, John 
Pearce, Attica. 

Company B. — Captain, Alexander Fowler, South Bend; 
First Lieutenant, John H. Gardner, South Bend; Second 
Lieutenant, John E. George, South Bend. 

Company C. — Captain, John M. Comparet, Fort Wayne; 
First Lieutenant, Oliver H. Ray, Fort Wayne; Second Lieu- 
tenant, John F. McCarthy, Fort Wayne. 

Company D.- — Captain, William J. Templeton, Oxford; 
First Lieutenant, John Burns, Oxford ; Second Lieutenant, 
James Young, Oxford. 

Company E. — Captain, George W. Lamb, Crawfordsville ; 
First Lieutenant, George W. Riley, Crawfordsville ; Second 
Lieutenant, William B. Kennedy, Crawfordsville. 

Company F. — Captain, Frank White, Greencastle ; First 
Lieutenant, Jeremiah E. Dean, Bedford ; Second Lieutenant, 
Alfred B. Berr^', Bedford. 

Cojnpany G. — Captain, Samuel Burns, Westville; First 
Lieutenant, Reuben S. Weaver, Westville; Second Lieuten- 
ant, Henry F. Jennings, Lafayette. 

Company H. — Captain, Samuel Miller, Renssellaer; First 



390 HK(;iMKN"rAL UrSTOKY. 

Lieutenant, Horace K. Waiicn, Konssellaer ; Second Lieiiten- 
aiit, Alex. S. IJiinictl, New All):my. 

Company I. — Captain, Tlioinas W. liennt'tt. Liberty; First 
Lieutenant, Alvali U. Tattcrson, Lafayette ; vSecoml Lieuten- 
ant. William M. McKinney, ■C(»vini;t()n. 

Company K. — Captain, John B. .\L-Kut<-lien. Latavf' ii; ; 
First Lieutenant, Cleiidenin Z. Bedford, Lafayette ; kSeeoiid 
Lieutenant, Harlow C. Hohibird, Lafayette. 

Tlie oru^anization beinij: completed, the reiriment proeetded 
to rndiamipolis, and reported to liriicadier (jcneral J. J. Rey- 
nolds. On the first of July, mandiiiio; orders were received, 
and it proceeded by rail anci river to Camp Clay, Ohio. On 
the fourth, orders were i'eceive<l from General McClellan to 
join him in Western Viririnia. 

I'roceeding by rail to Clarkshuiir. it marched from thence 
to Rich Mountain, where it arrived on the eleventh, while 
the battle was in progress. The regiment formed a portion 
of the pursuing column whicli captured Colonel Pegrum and 
his command the next day, and thus auspiciously commenced 
its career in the Held. 

For several months subsequently the Fifteenth was sta- 
tioned at Elkwater, in the T\gart Vallev, where it was prin- 
cipally engaged in scouting and picketing. It took an active 
part in the operations which resulted in the discomfiture of 
the rebel General Lee, in his advance against General Rey- 
nolds' command, [Participating in the battle of Green Biiar, 
Octol>er third, 186L The regiment then remained at Kut- 
tonsville, until November eigliteenth, when, by order of the 
Secretary of War, it was transferred to the Army of the 
Ohio, and reported to General Hiiell at Louisville, December 
first. 1861. 

The Fifteenth took an active part in the Bowling Green- 
Nashville campaign under General Buell — first in Nelson's 
and then in Wood's division. The regiment arrived in Nash- 
ville during the latter part of Fel)ruary, 1862, and went into 
camp, preparatory to the Shiloh campaign, which was com- 
menced in the latter part of March. The distance to the 
Tennessee river was made by easy niirches, and on the morn- 
ing of April sixth, while yet some thirty miles distant from 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 391 

Savannah, heavy cannonading was heard in the direction of 
Shiloh. By a forced inar<;h through rain, mud and darkness, 
the regiment, together with the other troops of Wagner's 
brigade, reached Savannah next morning, and shortly after- 
wards embarked on a steamer and proceeded to Pittsburgh 
Landing, where they arrived about noon, and reported to 
General Grant in person. Under the lead of Lieutenant 
Colonel McPherson, the regiment was hurried to the front, 
and rendered important service during the closing scenes of 
the terrible battle of Sliiloh, It also formed a portion of the 
reconnoitering column that went out next day under General 
Sherman. 

Throughout the entire campaign against Corinth the regi- 
ment was engaged in all the duties attendant upon a siege, 
and after the evacuation of that place by the rebels, it was 
sent with other troops of Buell's army through Northern 
Mississippi and Alabama to Tennessee. 

Arriving at Huntsville, orders were received to proceed by 
forced marches to Shelbyville, Tennessee, which place was 
then being threatened by Forre^st. A rapid movement frus- 
trated the designs of the rebels. Wood's division to which the 
Fifteenth was attached, was stationed along the railroad from 
Wartraceto Decherd. The regiment remained at the former 
place several weeks, and then went to McMinnville, where 
they remained until the retrogade movement of Buell's army 
commenced. The long march to Louisville was duly per- 
formed, and after a few days rest the army once more took 
the field. The regiment took part in the operations against 
Bragg, including the battle of Perryville, and the pursuit to 
Cumberland Gap. 

The Kentucky campaign being ended by the escape of 
Bragg's forces, the federal army was transferred to the 
vicinity of Nashville, and passed as the Army of the Cum 
berland, into the hands of Major General Rosecrans. The 
Stone Eiver campaign was soon after inaugurated, the array 
moving on the twenty-sixth of December, in three grand col- 
umns, towards Murfreesboro'. The Fifteenth formed a part 
of the left wing, commanded by Major General Crittenden. 
This column moved on the Murfreesboro' pike, and the 



392 RKGIMKNTAL HISTORY. 

rebels sharply contested its advance. Consequently a great 
deal of Bkirmishingtook place, in which the regiment actively 
participated. 

TUK BATTLE OF STONE RIVER 

Opened on the morning of December thirty-jfirst, 1862, by the 
rebels attacking the right wing of our army under Alex. Mc- 
I). McCook, and closed on the evening of January second, 
1863, with the repulse of Breckinridge's attack on the left. 
During the first days' battle the Fifteenth was posted on the 
extreme left of the army, its left flank resting on the bank of 
Stone river. It was exposed to a heavy fire from the open- 
ing of the battle until night closed over the scene of blood 
and carnage. The regiment, together with the Fifty-Seventh 
[n(liana,held the front without any support whatever, repuls- 
ing three separate attacks of the rebels. The Fifteenth made 
two center charges, capturing over two liundred prisoners. 

During the last day of the battle, the regiment aided ma- 
teriuUy in checking Breckinridge's advance, and sufiered 
severely from the artillery fire of the enemy. It lost 
fully two hundred officers and men, killed and wounded, be- 
sides three missing. It received the personal thanks of Gen- 
eral Crittenden, and also a complimentary notice from General 
Rosecrans. 

Remaining at Murfreesboro' until January twenty-fourth, 
1863, the regiment marched with the remainder of the army 
on the Tullahoma campaign. It was actively engaged in the 
operations resulting in the capture of Tullahoma, and the 
retreat of Bragg to Chattanooga. 

Ill the Chattanooga campaign, which soon followed, the 
Fifteenth took a prominent part, with the other regiments of 
Wagner's Brigade, which crossed the Cumberland Mountains 
and Waldron's Ridge, appearing before Chattanooga on the 
north bank of Tennessee river. This brigade, being the first 
to enter the city, was assigned to post dutj', and the Fifteenth 
was therefore spared participation in the disastrous battle of 
Chicamauga, which soon took place. 

After that battle the regiment took its position in the 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 393 

trenches, and, with the reorganization of the army was as- 
signed to the Second Brigade, Second Division, Fourth Army 
Corps. This division was commanded by Brigadier General 
Wagner, Major General Sheridan and Major General Gran- 
ger, respectively. 

At the battle of Mission Ridge, N'ovember twenty-tifth, 
1863, Sheridan's division assaulted the rebel works immedi- 
ately in front of Bragg's headquarters. The Fifteenth be- 
haved with its usual gallantry, capturing thirteen guns and 
many prisoners. The loss of the regiment at this place was 
even greater than at Stone River, being two hundred and 
seven officers and men, killed and wounded. The regimental 
colors were fairly riddled with bullets, and every color guard, 
save one, shot down. 

Without stopping to rest, or even to bury the dead, the 
regiment was hurried on to Knoxville, forming a portion of 
the reinforcements sent to General Burnside at that place. 
It remained at Knoxville for nearly two months, taking 
part in the vexatious winter campaign which followed, be- 
tween Burnside and Longstreet's forces. 

About the first of February, 1864, the regiment was ordered 
to Loudon, where it was detached from General Sheridan's 
command, and ordered to report to General Steed man at 
Chattanooga for post duty. 

While at Loudon some eighty of the men re-enlisted, and 
were sent home on furlough. Afterward, with the recruits 
of the regiment, they were transferred to the Seventeenth 
Indiana Mounted Infantry, and gave an excellent account of 
themselves during General Wilson's celebrated raid throuo-h 
Alabama and Georgia. 

The regiment remained on duty at Chattanooga until June 
fourteenth, 1864, when, by order of General Thomas, it pro- 
ceeded to Indianapolis, to be mustered out, its term of ser- { 
vice having expired. It arrived at Indianapolis on the twen- 
tieth, and was mustered out on the twenty-fifth. 

During its term of service, the regiment had many skir- 
mishes with Morgan's, Wheeler's and Forrest's cavalry. The 
following officers were killed in battle: 

Captain R. J. Templeton, company D, and Captain Joel 



394 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

W". Foster, company G, at Stone River; Captain John F. 
Monroe, conipan}^ C, and First Lieutenant W. D. iSering, 
company I, at Mission Ridge. 

The tollou'ing officers were promoted from the regiment to 
other commands : 

Colonel G. D. Wagner, appointed Brigadier General Vol- 
unteers. 

Lieutenant Colonel Ri.chard Owen, a[»pointe(l Colonel 
Sixtieth Indiana. 

Captain W. J. Templeton, company i), apjiointed Lieuten- 
ant Colonel Sixtieth Indiana. 

Major Alex. Fowler, appointed Colonel Ninety-Xinth In- 
diana. 

Major Frank "White, appointed Lieutenant Colonel Seven- 
teenth Indiana Mounted Infantry. 

Captain T. W. Bennett, comjtany I, appointed Major Thir- 
ty-Sixth Indiana and Colonel Sixty-Ninth Indiana. 

The following officers received Captains' commissions, while 
at Indianapolis, to be discharged, but not being mustered in, 
did not take rank : 

First Lieutenant Edwin Nicor, comjumy II, to be Cajttain 
company IL 

Second Lieutenant Edwin Turiiock, company B, to be 
Captain company B. 

The roster of tlie regiment when mustered out, June second, 
1864, was as follows : 

Field and Staff. — Colonel, Gustavus A. Wood ; Lieutenant 
Colonel, John M. Comparet; Major, Frank White; Adju- 
tant, Wm. E. Doyle; Regimental Quartermaster, Wm. M. 
Weber; Surgeon, J. R. Adams; Assistant Surgeon, Gideon 
Wensutler; Chaplain, Jno. M. Whitehead. 

Non- Commissioned Staff. — Sergeant Major, Charles II. 
Smith ; Quartermaster Sergeant, Ilenr^' IL Metcalfe ; Com- 
missary Sergeant, Godfrey Gundrura ; Hospital Steward, 
Thos. F. Dryden; Principal Musicians, Hiram Adams and 
John C. Curtis. 

Company A. — Captain, B. F. Ilegler ; First Lieutenant, 
Jno. T. McKnight ; Second Lieutenant, Alonzo Pearce. 



REGIMENTAL IIISTOKY. 395 

Company B. — First Lieutenant, Joseph Haller; Second 
Lieuteuant, Edwin Turnock. 

Company C. — First Lieutenant, Daniel W. ISTettleton. 

Company D. — Captain, Daniel Eedmond; First Lieutenant, 
Mark Walker; Second Lieutenant, A. Moxen. 

Company E. — Captain, Wm. Marks ; First Lieutenant, 
Wm. Graham ; Second Lieutenant, J. Horrey. 

Company F. — Captain, J. E. Dean; First Lieutenant, A. 
Berry ; Second Lieutenant, L. Irwin. 

Company G. — Captain, Jno. IL Smith ; First Lieutenant, 
Wm. Cole; Second Lieutenant, Tlios, Graham. 

Company H. — First Lieutenant, Edwin Nicor; Second 
Lieutenant, B. F. Musselman. 

Company I. — First Lieutenant, Clias. Burgess; Second 
Lieuienant, ISToble. 

Company K. — Captain, Z. C. Bedford; First Lieutenant, 
Jno. M. Jones. 

SIXTEENTH REGIMENT. 

This regiment was, in pursuance of orders from the War 
Department, reorganized and mustered into the United States 
service, on the nineteenth of August, 1862, for " three years 
or during the war," with an aggregate of one thousand offi- 
cers and men. The following is the roster : 

Field and Staff Officers. — Colonel, Thomas J. Lucas, Law- 
renceburg; Lieutenant Colonel, Joel Wolfe, Rushville; Ma- 
jor, John M. Orr, Connersville ; Adjutant, Robert Conover, 
Shelby ville; Quartermaster, Henry B. Hill, Carthage; Chap- 
lain, Benjamin F. Gatch, Dillsboro; Surgeon, George F. Chit- 
tenden, Anderson ; Assistant Surgeon, James D. Gatch, 
Dillsboro. 

Company A. — Captain, John M. Orr, Connersville; First 
Lieutenant, John A. Haines, Connersville; Second Lieuten- 
ant, Timothy Doherty, Connersville. 

Company B. — Captain, James H. Redfield, Salem; First 
Lieutenant, Cyrus liayhill, Salem; Second Lieuteuant, John 
N, Thompson, Salem. 

Company C. — Captain, Paul J. Beachbard, Rushville ; First 



396 REOIMKNTAL UISTORY. 

Lieutenant, liDtlnum L. Davis, Kushville; Second Lieutcn- 
aut, George W. Marsli, Rusliville. 

Company D. — Captain, Columbus Moore, Mitchell; First 
Lieutenant, William Mannington, Mitchell ; Second Lieuten- 
ant, Milton X. Moore, Mitchell. 

Company E. — Captain, William II. Terrell, Manchester; 
First Lieutenant, James Stevenson, Aurora; Second Lieuten- 
ant, William II. Jordan, Manchester. 

Company F. — Captain, John C. Jones, Greencastle; First 
Lieutenant, Elijah Hawkins, Peru; Second Lieutenant, James 
R. S. Cox, Indianapolis. 

Company G. — Captain, Elwood Hill, Indianapolis; First 
Lieutenant, Isaac Steel, Ogdeu ; Second Lieutenant, Aaron 
McFeely, Carthage. 

Company H. — Captain, James M. IIildreth,Rushville; First 
Lieutenant, James D. Glore, Rushville; Second Lieutenant, 
Elijah J. Waddell, Rushville. 

Company I. — Captain, Jabez Smith, Tcrre Haute ; First 
Lieutenant, Alonzo Foster, Terre Haute; Second Lieutenant, 
William E. Chenowith, Terre Haute. 

Company K, — Captain, Charles T. Doxey, Anderson ; First 
Lieutenant, Edward O. Doxey, Anderson ; Second Lieuten- 
ant, James E. Macklin, Richmond. 

As soon as organized, the regiment was ordered to Ken- 
tucky, and accordingly left Indianapolis on the nineteenth 
of August, 1862, going by rail to Louisville, where it re- 
mained in camp for a few days, and then marched to Rich- 
mond, Kentucky, via Nicholasville. About six thousand new 
troops were encamped at that place, commanded by Generals 
Manson and Cruft. On the evening of the twenty-ninth, the 
brigade to which the regiment was attached marched four 
miles south of Richmond, and engaged in a brisk skirmish 
with the advance of Kirby Smith's army, driving the rebels 
several miles, and capturing a mountain howitzer. 

The regiment was engaged in the disastrous battle of Rich- 
mond, Kentucky, August twenty-eighth, with Kirby Smith's 
army. In this battle the rebels were in overwhelming force, 
and our small army was completely routed, after suffering 
terrible losses in killed, wounded and captured. The Six- 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 397 

teenth lost one luiiidred and seventy-five officers and men, 
killed and wounded, and five hundred and sixty taken pris- 
oners or missing". The remainder of the regiment dispersed 
and escaped to Lexington, where they w'ere reorganized into 
two companies, and accompanied the army in its retreat to 
Louisville; thence they were sent to Indianapolis, and t'ur- 
ioughed, w^ien they dishanded and went to their several 
homes. Those who were captured were paroled by General 
Smith, when they, also, returned to Indianapolis, and were 
likewise furloughed, to await exchange. 

Among the killed were the following officers : Lieutenant 
Colonel Joel Wolfe and Captain Elwood Hill, Company G ; 
Captain Jabez Smith, Company I; First Lieutenant Alunzo 
Foster, Company I; First Lieutenant Elijah Hawkins, Com- 
pany F; First Lieutenant Cyrus Rayhill, Company B ; and 
First Lieutenant Timothy Doherty, Company A. 

About the last of September, 1862, by order of Governor 
Morton, the regiment assembled at Indianapolis, and were 
assigned to quarters at Camp Morton. They were placed 
under strict discipline in this camp, where they remained 
until the sixteenth of IsTovember, when official notice was re- 
ceived of the exchange of the paroled men, and orders pro- 
mulgated for the regiment to prepare for the field immediately. 

On the twenty-third, the officers of the regiment presented 
Colonel Lucas with a handsome sword. Major John M. Orr 
was promoted Lieutenant Colonel, and Captain James H. 
Redtield, of Company B, Major. 

The same day the regiment left Indianapolis, by railroad, 
for Cairo, where they embarked on the steamer Universe, and 
arrived at Memphis, Tennessee, on the tw^enty- eighth. They 
were here brigaded with the Sixtieth and Sixty-Seventh In- 
diana, Eighty-Third and Ninety-Sixth Ohio, and Twenty- 
Third Wisconsin Infantry, and the Seventeenth Ohio Light 
Artillery, commanded by Brigadier General S. G. Burbridge, 
and denominated the First Brigade, Tenth Division of the 
Army of the Mississippi, in the division commanded by Brig- 
adier General A. J. Sniith. 

On the twenty-first of December, the array embarked under 
General Sherman for Vicksburg. The brifi^ade disembarked 



898 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

on the twenty-sixth, at Millikon's Bend, and made a raid to 
Dalhis, for the purpose of cutting the Vicksburg and Shreve- 
port raihoad at that place. After accomplishing their pur- 
pose — burning two long railroad bridges, and destroying some 
ten miles of track — they returned, joining the army in the 
Chickasaw swanips, investing Vicksburg. They were placed 
in jKisitioii on the right of the line, and had a few men 
womiiled in the ensuing engagements. 

January first, 1862, the attack from that quarter being 
abandoned, the army re-embarked, and proceeded up the Mis- 
sissij>[)i river, and thence up the Arkansas to Arkansas Post. 
The brigade was engaged in the battle at that place, Januiiry 
eleventh, 1863, being posted on the left of the line and op[io- 
site the principal fort. The Sixteenth was the first regiment 
inside the enemy's works, and captured the garrison flag, 
losing seven killed and sixty-four wounded. It captured a 
large amount of wagons, arms and accoutrements lost by 
them at the battle of Richmond, Kentucky. Lieutenant 
Colonel John M. Orr, commanding the regiment, was severely 
W(Hinded in the head by apiece of shell, and was consequently 
obliged to leave the field, ^lajor Redfield assumed command. 

The regiment arrived at Napoleon, at the mouth of the 
Arkansas river, January seventeenth, 1863, and from thence 
accompanied the army down the river to Young's Point, dis- 
embarking and going into canip on the tw'enty-third, within 
sight of A'icksburg. Here the soldiers spent the darkest days 
of their army life. Many of them were sick, and a large per 
centage died of disease. It was sometimes a hard matter to 
find convalescent men enough to bury the dead. Daring the 
month of January, First Lieutenant Edward O. Doxey, of 
Company K,and Assistant Surgeon John H. Spurrier resigned. 

On the first of February, Major General Grant arrived and 
took command of the army. Smith's division, to which the 
regiment was attached, was assigned to the Thirteenth Army 
Corps, commanded by Major General John A. McClernand. 

On the fifth of February, the aggregate strength of the 
regiment present was five hundred, of which but three line 
officers and one hundred and fifty enlisted men were fit for 
duty. The number of troops at Young's Point was about 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 399 

forty thousand, and the deaths averaged eighty-five per day. 
One day a transport was loaded with the sick to be sent 
North, and in less than twenty-four hours thirty of them 
had died. 

February fourteenth, Burb ridge's brigade embarked on 
transports, and proceeded up the river to Greenville, Missis- 
sippi. On the seventeenth, a skirmish took place with Fer- 
guson's force of rebels, who were endeavoring to blockade 
the Mississippi river. The rebels were driven and dispersed. 
On the nineteenth, another rebel force was driven from Cy- 
press Bend, Arkansas, our men capturing one field piece and 
a number of prisoners. 

During the month of February the following changes in 
officers took place: Captain Elwood Hill, and First Lieuten- 
ant Isaac Steel, Company G, and First Lieutenant Henry B. 
Hill, Regimental Quartermaster, resigned. Second Lieuten- 
ant Aaron McFeely, Company G, was promonted to Captain, 
and Commissary Sergeant Gec^rge A. Woorster, to Regi- 
mental Quartermaster. John C. Cullen was appointed As- 
sistant Surgeon. 

The regiment remained at Young's Point, working on the 
famous canal, and throwing up levees to keep the river from 
overflowing the camps, until the twelfth of March, when the 
Thirteenth Army Corps proceeded to Milliken's Bend, twelve 
miles up the river, where they w^ent into camp. Having dry 
ground to sleep on at this place, the health of the soldiers 
improved rapidly. During the month, First Lieutenant Cy- 
rus Rayhill, Company B, First Lieutenant Rodman L.Davis, 
Con)pany C, First Lieutenant James D. Glore, Company H, 
and Second Lieutenant George Marsh, Company C, resio;ned. 

On the fifth of April, General Grant established his head- 
quarters at Milliken's Bend, where a vast army was assem- 
bling. On the fourteenth, the regiment left Milliken's Bend 
and marched to a point below Vicksburg, on the Louisiana 
side, where they embarked, with other troops, on transports, 
and proceeded to Grand Gulf, Mississippi, and were present 
at the bombardment of that place, April twenty-ninth. 

During the month of April, Lieutenant Colonel John M. 
Orr. Ca[)tain John A. TTMincs, Company A, First Lieutenant 



400 RE(5IMKNTAL HISTORY. 

WilliiUii M;iiiirniL,'-ti)ii, Company J), and First Lieutenant 
Aloiir.o FostiT, C(>ni['any 1, ruhigiR'd on account of disabili- 
ties contracted in the service. 

The i;iinl>oat tleet liavin<j^ failed to silence the batteries at 
Grand Cjiull', tiic coniniand landed on tlie Louisiana shore, 
and niarcheil down, crossini;- the river at Bladensburg, Miasis- 
aippi. The regiment participated in tlie buttle at Magnolia 
Hills, having several men wounded, and was the tirst to enter 
Port Gibson alter the baUle. Taking part in Grant's Hank 
movement to the rear oi Vicksburg, it was engaged at the 
battle of Champion Hills, May sixteenth, capturing a few 
prisoners and souic pieces of artillery, and losing a few 
men, wounded. 

May seventeenth, it was en,gaged at Black river, eliarging 
the enemy's works on tlie left, and taking prisoners, guns and 
colors. It was the advance of McClernand's column march- 
ing on Vicksburg, where it charged the enemy's works, losing 
largely in both oiticers and men. Colonel Lucas was slightly 
wounded. Captain James L. Hildreth, Company H, and 
First Lieutenant John Kensler, Company A, were severely 
wounded. 

During the entire siege of Vicksburg, until the surrender, 
July fourth, the regiment was actively engaged, being posted 
on the right of, and near the railroad. 

On the tenth of June, Colonel Lucas went home on leave 
of absence, and Major Redlield took command. 

During the months of May and June, Captain William 
Terrell, Company E, and Second Lieutenant William C. 
Chenowith, Company I, resigned. First Lieutenant James 
Stevenson, Company E, was promoted Captain. 

On the morning of the fifth of July the regiment marched 
with Sherman's army in pursuit of the rebels under General 
Joe Johnston. It participated in the siege of Jackson, Mis- 
fcissippi, and after the fall of that place returned to Vicks- 
burg, and went into camp below the city. During the cam- 
paign, the regiment sufiered terribly from heat, thirst and 
hunger, and had a few men wounded. During the month of 
July, First Lieutenant Milton N. Moore, Company D, and 
Assistant Surgeon James D. Gatch resigned. Major James 



REGHMENTAL HISTORY. 401 

H. Redfield was promoted Lieutenant Colonel, Adjutant 
Robert Conover, Major, First Lieutenant Timothy Dough- 
erty, Company A, and First Lieutenant John N. Thompson, 
Company B, Captains. 

In August, the Thirteenth Army Corps was transferred to 
the Department of the Gulf, and the regiment went into 
camp at Greenville, near New Orleans, on the ninth. Here 
Captain Jabez Smith, Company I, resigned, and Colonel 
Lucas returned to his command. A large number of men 
died of chronic diarrhea. 

On the fifth of September the troops were reviewed by 
Major Generals Grant and Banks. At this time General 
Washburne commanded the corps and General Lawler the 
division. 

On the eighteenth, the regiment was mounted and assigned 
to Brigadier General A. L. Lee's cavalry division, and on the 
twenty-seventh, with a detachment of Illinois cavalry and 
Burbridgc's brigade of infantry, went in pursuit of a force of 
rebels sixty miles above New Orleans. The men being un- 
used to the saddle, the forced march of over one hundred 
miles was very fatiguing, and they returned to camp very 
much exhausted. 

During the month of September, Captain Paul J. Beach- 
bard, Company C, and First Lieutenant George A. "Woorster, 
Regimental Quartermaster, resigned. 

October sixth, the regiment having been fully mounted and 
equipped, it crossed the river to Brashear City, thence across 
Berwick's Bay, and marched up the Bayou Teche, through 
the towns of Franklin, New Iberia, and Vermillionville, to 
Carew Crow bayou, a distance of ninety miles. On the thir- 
teenth they returned to Vermillionville, and reported to Ma- 
jor General Ord, commanding the Thirteenth Army Corps. 

On the seventeenth, Major Conover, with a detachment of 
two hundred men of the regiment, captured from the enemy, 
and brought safe to camp, thre« thousand head of fine beef 
cattle, without the loss of a man. On the twenty-fourth, 
Colonel Lucas was assigned to the command of the Post of 
Vermillionville, and Lieutenant Colonel Redfield assumed 
command of the regiment. 
Vol. IL— 26. 



402 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

November Hixtli, the regiment was assigned to Colonel Lu- 
cas' brigade of cavalry, and on the eighth, in a skirmish, 
Captain A. McFooly, Company G, and several men were cap- 
tured by the eneni}'. The regiment was emplo^'ed iu scout- 
ing and skirmishing until the sixteenth, when the army fell 
back to ]S"ew Iberia, Lucas' brigade covering the rear during 
the movement. 

On the twentieth, Lucas' brigade attacked the enemy's out- 
posts at Camp Pratt, a few miles from isTew Iberia, capturing 
twelve officers and one hundred men ; also, a stand of colors. 
The regiment sustained no loss. On the twenty-third a de- 
tachment from the regin^eut captured forty rebels while on a 
scouting expedition, and on the twenty-fifth the regiment, 
with the Sixth Missouri cavalry, captured seventy of the 
eneiiiy, and drove their advance across Bayou Vermillion. 
On the thirtieth, another skirmish took place, in which the 
regiment captured twenty-three rebels. During the month 
of November, Second Lieutenants Henry Boyce, Company 
F, and William L. Peckham, Company G, resigned. 

December tenth. Second Lieutenant William E. Clieno- 
with. Company I, was appointed First Lieutenant of Com- 
pany C. On the eleventh, a detachment of the regiment de- 
stroyed a rebel camp, but captured nothing in the shape of a 
rebel, unless we except a huge black bear, w^hich afterwards 
furnished a sumptuous Christmas dinner at division head- 
quarters. On the seventeenth a recruiting party from the 
regiment left for Indiana, in charge of Major Conover. On 
the twenty-sixth. Captain McFeely, who had been exchanged, 
returned to the regiment. January nineteenth, 1864, the reg- 
iment was ordered to Xew Orleans to be remounted and 
newly equipped. 

February nineteenth, having received complete new out- 
fits, the regiment returned to Franklin, Louisiana, and went 
into camp, with orders to prepare immediately for the Spring 
campaign. 

March fourteenth, it left Franklin wnth General A. L. Lee's 
division of cavalr}', and marched to Alexandria, on Red 
river, a distance of one hundred and thirty miles, driving a 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 403 

force of rebels all the way. At Alexandria they reported to 
Major General A. J. Smith, commanding at that place. 

March twenty-second and twentv-third, Lucas' brigade, 
with a brigade of infantry, all under command of General 
Mower, marched twenty miles, surprised and cut off the 
enemy's advance post at Henderson Hill, and captured four 
hundred men of the Second Louisiana cavalry, one thousand 
horses, and a field battery of four guns. The surprise and 
C£fcpture was accomplished by the Sixteenth alon^, as the in- 
fantry did not arrive until after it was completed. On the 
twenty-sixth. Sergeant Major John E. Wilkins was pro- 
moted to First Lieutenant and Adjutant. 

On the twenty-seventh, another advance was made upon 
the enemy, and the regiment was engaged in skirmishes at 
Cain river, on the thirty-first, and again at Crump's Hill, 
April third, capturing a number of prisoners, and driving the 
enemy handsomely. The Sixteenth lost a few men, wounded. 
On the fifth. Lieutenant Colonel jRedfield left for home dan- 
gerously ill, and Captain Charles T. Doxey took command. 
The regiment was next engaged at the battle of Sabine Cross 
Roads, where it lost sixty men in killed, wounded and miss- 
ing. First Lieutenant Jacob H. Jones, commanding Com- 
pany I, was killed early in the day, while gallantly leading 
his men. Captain Columbus Moore, Company D, was se- 
verely wounded. At the battle of Pleasant Hill, April ninth, 
Captain Doxey, commanding the regiment, was dangerously 
wounded, and had several men killed and wounded. Captain 
James M. Hildreth then took command of the regiment. 
During this battle, private Hubbard, of Company B, dis- 
tinguished himself by killing two color guards and capturing 
the color-bearer and colors of a Texas regiment. 

After this engagement, the army fell back to Grand Ecore, 
Louisiana, on Red river. The Sixteenth was posted on the 
left of the line, where they threw up defensive works. 

April twentieth, twenty-first and twenty-second, the regi- 
ment was engaged at Natchitoches, covering the retreat of 
the army. It was also engaged at Cutiersville on the twenty- 
third and twenty-fourth, and at Monnett's Ferry on the latter 
day. It was next posted three miles in aavance of the in- 



REOIMENTAL HISTORY. 

fantry, on the extreme right, whore it was engaged on the 
twenty-ninth, losing sixteen men killed, wounded and miss- 
ing. It was engaged at Moore's Plantation, near Alexan- 
dria, May sixth, seventh, eighth and ninth, and had a few 
men wounded. 

The retreat from Alexandria commenced on the thirteenth, 
Lucas' brigade having the advance. It w^as engaged at 
Marksville, May fifteenth and sixteenth, without loss. The 
army marched to New Orleans, and went into camp at 
Greenville, June fourteenth. While there, Assistant Surgeon 
John C. Culleu was promoted Surgeon, and Joseph J. Sadler 
was appointed Assistant Surgeon. Lieutenant Colonel Ked- 
field and Major Conover rejoined the regiment and the 
former took command. 

The Sixteenth was soon afterwards assigned to duty in 
New Orleans, and reported to Brigadier General T. W. Sher- 
man. On the twent^'-fourth of July they w^ere ordered to 
Thibodeaux, about sixty miles distant, and they accordingly 
reported to Brigadier General Cameron, commanding that 
post. Here the headquarters of the regiment remained. 

August fourteenth, three companies were ordered to Bra- 
shear City, and stationed as follows : one at Brashear City, 
one at Bayou Beauf, and one at Bayou Terre Borne. August 
seventeenth, the detachment at Brashear City was engaged 
with the enemy, losing some men in wounded and prisoners. 
On the fourth of September a detachment of the regiment 
was surprised and dispersed at Bayou Corn, and First Lieu- 
tenant Elijah J. Waddell and fifteen men captured by the 
enemy. On the ninth, the regiment drove a superior force of 
the enemy from Labadieville without loss. On the twenty- 
first Lieutenant Colonel Redfield and Captain Charles T. 
Doxey were honorably discharged on account of disabilities 
received in the service. Major Conover took command of 
the regiment. 

November twenty-first, Captain Columbus Moore, Com- 
pany D, Captain James Stevenson and First Lieutenant Wil- 
liam Jordan, Company E, with seven enlisted men, were cap- 
tured by the enemy at Bayou Grand CuUion, while engaged 
in scouting. These officers, locked up in rebel prisons, with no 



REdlMENTAL HISTORY. 405 

opportunity to defend themselves, were unjustly dismissed 
the service of the United States. On the twenty-sixth Lieu- 
'tenant Macklin arrived from Indiana with one hundred and 
twelve one-year recruits. 

December lirst, Quartermaster Sergeant George F. Wil- 
liams was promoted to First Lieutenant and Quartermaster, 
and First Lieutenant Wm. Chenowith, Company E, to Captain 
Company I. On the twentieth, First Lieutenant James E. 
Macklin, Company K, was promoted Captain of same com- 
pany. On the twenty-first, the companies stationed at Bayous 
Beauf and Bonne returned to regimental headquarters. On 
the twenty-eighth, a most lamentable occurrence took place 
at Houma, about twenty miles from Thibodeaux. A force of 
the enemy had been reported in that vicinity, and a company 
of the Eighteenth ISTew York cavalry was sent to watch their 
movements. Captain John N. Thompson, Company B, of 
the Sixteenth, with a detachment of the regiment, was also 
sent to the same place. Neither detachment commander had 
been notified of the movements of the other. About mid- 
night the two detachments came together, and, each mistak- 
ing the other for the enemy, a skirmish ensued, in which 
Captain Thompson received a mortal wound. He died Jan- 
uary eighth, 1865. He was a brave, able and gallant officer, 
much respected by all who knew him. 

January twenty-fifth, 1865, three companies, under com- 
mand of Captain James R. S. Cox, were sent to Donaldson- 
ville, to occupy that post. On the twenty-sixth of February 
the company from Brashear City returned to the regiment. 

During the month of February some eighty recruits for 
one year arrived at the regimental headquarters. 

On the second of March, Major Con over was promoted to 
Lieutenant Colonel, and Captain James M. Hildreth, Com- 
pany H, to Major. 

April fifth. Major Hildreth, with a detachment of the reg- 
iment, attacked and dispersed a guerrilla band near Donald- 
sonville, capturing prisoners, arms, etc. Lieutenant James 
Steel, Company G, with another detachment, captured some 
prisoners and a large amount of contraband goods on the 
Bayou Beauf. 



406 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

June tenth, orders were received to concentrate the regi- 
ment at Thibodeaux, and proceed to New Orleans for mnster- 
ont. 

On the thirtieth of the same month, the regiment, (^except 
those whose time wouhi not expire before the tirst of Octo- 
ber, 1865), were mustered out. The others were transferred 
to the Thirteenth Indiana cavalry. 

The regiment embarked on the steamer Autocrat, July- 
first, arriving at Indianapolis on the tenth. On the twen- 
tieth they were finally discharged and paid off". 

During its term of service the Sixteenth traveled over six- 
teen thousand miles, and was engaged in sixteen battles and 
innumerable skirmishes. 

The following is the roster of the regiment as shown by 
the muster-out rolls : 

Field and Staff. — Lieutenant Colonel, Robert Conover; 
Major, James M. Hildreth ; Adjutant, John E. Wilkins; 
Quartermaster, George F. Williams; Surgeon, John C. Cul- 
len ; Assistant Surgeon, Joseph J. Sadler. 

Company A. — Captain, Timothy Doherty; First Lieuten- 
ant, John Kensler, 

Company B. — First Lieutenant, William H. Weston. 

Company C. — First Lieutenant, William A. Iiigold. 

Company D. — Captain, David B. Moore ; First Lieutenant, 
Cyrus Crawford. 

Company E. — First Lieutenant, John Simms. 

Company F. — Captain, James R. S. Cox; First Lieutenant, 
Elijah Hawkins. 

Company G. — Captain, Aaron McFeely ; First Lieutenant, 
James Steel. 

Company H. — Captain, Elijah J. Waddell ; First Lieuten- 
ant, John Ellis. 

Company I. — Captain, William E. Chenowith; First Lieu- 
tenant, James M. Allen. 

Company K. — Captain, James E. Macklin ; First Lieuten- 
ant, Clarke P. Slade. 



\ 




n§?-VAJi.Bitt:1>i^- 



BKir.CiEKH H.MILROY 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH. 



CHAPTER XI. 

GENERAL ROBERT H. MILROY, 

The subject of this sketch, was born in Washington county, 
Indiana, June eleventh, 1816, He is the son of General 
Samuel Milroy, a man of considerable reputation in Indiana. 
Of his earlier history, but little is known, except by his im- 
mediate relations, friends and neighbors. He received a 
good common school education, and while a boy labored up- 
on the farm and in the mills of his father, in the district of 
county now known as Carroll county, Indiana. 

In the year 1840, being then twenty-four years of age, 
he entered the Military Academy of Captain Partridge, at 
Norwich, Vermont. By incessant labor, and close applica- 
tion to study, he graduated in 1843, having received the de- 
grees of A. B., Master of Military Science, and of Civil En- 
gineering. After spending several months in traveling 
through New England, he returned to his home in Indiana, 
in the spring of 1844, and commenced the study of law. 
The following spring he removed to the then Republic of 
Texas, intending to become a citizen of that State, but his 
father and eldest brother having been called from earth, he 
returned to his native soil in the fall of the same year, when 
he again commenced preparing himself for the legal profes- 
sion. 

At the breaking out of the Mexican "War he was appointed 

(407) 



408 I3in(;KAlMllCAL SICETCII. 

to the command of coinpuiiy C, First Indiana Volunteer In- 
fantry, and served in that capacity during the terra of en- 
listment. In the years 1848-9, he attended the Law School 
of the Indiana University at Blooraington, and was admitted 
to practice during the latter year. The following May, he 
was married to Miss Armatage, his present wife, — who was 
reported to have been captured at Winchester, — and com- 
menced the practice of his profession at Delphi, Indiana. 

In 1850, he was elected a member of the Constitutional 
Convention of Indiana, and in 1853, was appointed by Gov- 
ernor Joseph A. Wright, a Judge of the Circuit Court of 
the State. In 1854, he removed to lienssellaer, and resumed 
the practice of law. 

On the seventh of February 1861, even before hostilities 
had commenced, he issued a call for the organization of a 
volunteer company in his county, to assist President Lincoln, 
when inaugurated, to enforce the laws and punish treason. 
This was the first company mustered into service from North- 
ern Indiana, and upon its arrival at Indianapolis, its Captain 
was unanimously chosen Colonel of the Ninth Indiana Vol- 
unteers — the first regiment from Indiana to tread upon the 
" sacred soil " of Virginia. During their three months ser- 
vice, the gallant regiment, under its noble commander, gain- 
ed an enviable reputation for bravery, skill and efficiency. 
Colonel Milroy commanded the Ninth at the battles of Phil- 
lipi. Laurel Hill and Carrack's Ford. 

On the thirtieth of July, 1861, the regiment was mustered 
out of service and returned to Indiana, but with indefiitigable 
industry and zeal. Colonel Milroy was again in camp with 
his regiment, recruited to its maximum, on the fourteenth of 
August, and was re-mustered on the fifth of September. On 
the nineteenth, he reported to General Reynolds at Elkwater, 
Virginia, and participated with him in the action at Green- 
briar on the third of October. Meanwhile he had been pro- 
moted Brigadier General, to rank from September third, 
1861. 

After the resignation of General Reynolds — January, 1862 
— General Milroy assumed command of the Cheat Mountain 
District, which, however, was a "pent up Utica," and he was 



GENERAL ROBERT H. MILROY. 409 

afforded but little opportunity to engage in active service. 
During the winter he fought the battle of Allegany Moun- 
tain and the skirmish at Huntersville. After General Fre- 
mont assumed command of the Mountain Department, Gen- 
eral AJilroy abandoned Camp Allegany, and pursued the 
fleeing rebels across the Shenandoah mountains, and was with 
his small force engaged in action with the enemy at Monterey 
and McDowell. Afterwards, forming a junction with General 
Fremont at Franklin, Virginia, he accompanied him on his 
famous march in pursuit of Stonewall Jackson, up tiie Shen- 
andoah Valley. With his brigade reduced to but twelve 
hundred men, he held the center at the battle of Cross Keys, 
where glorious deeds of valor were performed by his gal hint 
Ohioans and Virginians, who remained under tire from ten 
and a half a. m., until eight and a half p. m., and were then 
compelled to fall back on account of the repulse of 
Blenker's division on the left. 

After the retreat of Jackson, and the burning of the bridge 
at Port Republic, the federal army returned to Strasburg. 
There General Milroy's brigade held the advanced position. 

Being ordered to Eastern Virginia, General Milroy served 
successively under Generals Sigel, Pope and McClellan, tak- 
ing an active part in the battles of Cedar Mountain, Free- 
man's Ford, Warm Springs, Waterloo Bridge, and in the 
two days fight at the second battle of Bull Run. Having 
been refused permission by General Ilalleck to accompany 
the Army of the Potomac, in its pursuit of Lee, he was by 
that officer ordered to take command at Winchester, Virginia. 
While there — November twenty-ninth, 1862 — he was com- 
missioned a Major General, and maintained command of that 
post until the twenty-sixth of June, 1863, when he was re- 
lieved from command, and placed under arrest by that mili- 
tary Moloch, General Ilalleck. As the facts in the case of 
General Milroy's arrest have never been laid clearly before 
the public, and especially as there is great danger that a true 
patriot, an efficient soldier and a gentleman, may be placed in 
a false light before his fellow citizens of Indiana, we think it 
our duty to enter somewhat fully into an explanation of the 
facts concerning the evacuation of Winchester. We can do 



410 nionuAPHicAL PKKTcn. 

this in no ln-ttcr way than hy apiit'iuliiijji^ the following "Letter 
to the J'resiilent of the United States, explanatory of the 
Court of Inquiry, relative to the evacuation of Winchester, 
Virginia, by the command of Major General R. II. Milroy," 
which has been furnished us, and which we believe to be a 
true statement of the matter in question. We have examined 
papers sufficient to fill a large volume, bearing upon the case, 
and believe that the facts contained in the "Letter" are fully 
substantiated : 

To Ills Excellency, Abraham Lincoln, 

President of the United States: 

Sir— Under Special Order, No. 346, from the the War De- 
partment, a court of inquiry was detailed, b}' your authority, 
"to inquire into the facts and circumstances connected with 
the recent evacuation of AVinchester." This order was sub- 
sequently so amended as to make it the duty of the court to 
report the facts without expressing any opinion upon them. 

As I was in command of the forces which evacuated Win- 
chester, my reputation and usefulness may be affected by the 
result of this investigation. Right and justice, therefore, 
require that you, the Commander-in-chief of the army of 
the United States, should read the brief remarks which I 
now have the honor to submit, in explanation of the testi- 
mony taken before the Court of Inquiry. 

The evacuation of Winchester took place about two 
o'clock, on the morning of Monday, June fifteenth, 18G3, 
and "the facts and circumstances" connected with that 
event were all comprised within the three preceding days, 
beginning with Friday, the twelfth. 

Whether Winchester was or was not an important post, 
was a question not submitted to my judgment. It was de- 
termined by my superior officer, whose orders it was my duty 
to obey. 

The orders received by me on Friday morning, June 
twelfth, 1803, from Major General Schenck, my immediate 
commander, were as follows: "You will make all required 
preparations for withdrawing, but hold your position in the 



GENERAL ROBERT H. MILROY. 411 

meantime. Be ready for movement, but await further 
orders." 

This emphatic command irresistibly implied that, in case of 
necessity, further orders would be given ; and it now appears, 
by the testimony of Major General Schenck, that on Satur- 
day night, he did attempt to give me the proper orders ; but 
as the lines had been cut, the dispatch was not received. 
General Schenck testifies distinctl}' that I did not disobey 
any of his commands. 

In the same order above quoted, General Schenck further 
says: "I doubt the propriety of calling in McReynolds' bri- 
gade at once. If you should fall back to Harper's Ferry, he 
will be in part on j^our way, and cover your flank. But use 
your discretion as to any order to him." In the exercise of 
this discretion, I ordered Colonel McReynolds, on Saturday 
morning, June thirteenth, to join me at AYinchester. At 
this time there was no information of the approach of Lee's 
forces, nor any thought of evacuating the post. The object 
was to concentrate, in order to repel an attack either of the 
forces under Imboden, Jones and Jenkins, or of Stuart's cav- 
alry, then expected to appear in the valley. Colonel McRey- 
nolds left Berryville on the morning of the thirteenth, and, 
by a circuitous route of thirty miles, reached Winchester 
about ten o'clock that night. In the meantime, at about six 
o'clock that afternoon, I learned from prisoners and deserters 
that Ewell's and Longstreet's corps of Lee's army were in 
front of me. This was the first intimation I had received of 
the fact, and it bronglit to my mind, for the first time, the 
consideration of the necessity of evacuating the post. To 
have left with my forces, before the arrival of Colonel Mc- 
lieynolds would have exposed the whole Third Brigade to 
capture, and would certainly have brought me into conflict 
with the enemy in the absence of one-third of my command. 
Thus divided, my forces would have been destroyed or cap- 
tured in detail. The enemy had followed Colonel McRey- 
nolds in force, and on the same day had attacked our forces 
at Bunker's Hill, on the Marti nsburg road. 

My line of communication with Major General Schenck 
was not cut until some time on Satnrdav eveninor. Down to 



412 lUotiliAI'llICAL .'^KHrcil. 

that moineiit lio couKl ut any time liave ordered nie to re- 
treat, Hinl might have communicated any information wliich 
he deemed important. As his orders of the day before were 
not changed in any [jurticuhir, while it was all tlie time in 
his ])(>wer to have modified tliem, I had the continuing com- 
mand of my superior officers to remain at Winchester, at 
least down to the time when communication b}' telegraph was 
cut off. 

Everything is necessarily left to the discretion of a com- 
mander, when suddenly and unexpectedly Burrounded on all 
sides hy the enemy in overwhelming force, and with no or- 
ders adapted to the emergency. Colonel McReynolds found 
the Berryville road occupied by the enemy on Saturday, so 
that he could not march directly to Winchester. He had 
been followed, also, on his circuitous route, and the enemy 
was probably on the Martinsburgh road. It is douljtful 
whether I could have marched by either of those roads, on 
Saturday night, without a serious engagement, under great 
disadvantages. But even if I could have done so, I did not, 
and could not, know why General Schenck had withheld any 
orders during Fr'iday and Saturday, while the telegraph was 
in operation. Was it not reasonable for me to suppose that 
General Hooker would intercept the march of Lee's army, or 
that General Schenck would in some way provide for reliev- 
ing me? No one could have anticipated, as I certainly did 
not, that Lee's army could have escaped the Army of the 
Potomac, and penetrated the Shenandoah Valley as far as 
Winchester, without timely notice of it being given to me, 
through General Schenck at Baltimore. It is in proof that 
my small force of cavalry was most actively and industrious- 
ly engaged in reoonnoitering; but it was impossible for them 
to push their reconnoisances beyond the Blue Ridge, and 
they had no suspicion of the presence of any other enemy 
but those under Imboden, Jones and Jenkins, whom they 
had long watched and thwarted in the valley. 

Under these circnmstanccvS, I deemed it wise and prudent 
to await the developments of Sunday, the fourteenth. If I 
should not, during that day, receive orders, or be relieved, I 
knew that the enemy would be compelled to reveal his pur- 



GENERAL ROBERT H. MILROY. 413 

poses, and in some measure to mass his forces, so that I could 
then best determine how and when to cut my way through 
his lines. Accordingly, on Sunday night, after the enemy 
had massed his forces, and made an attack from the west, a 
council of war was held by ray order; and it was therein re- 
solved that the Martinsburgh road, being commanded by the , 
guns of the forts, and being apparently open, offered the 
best route for a retreat upon Harper's Ferrj^ and that it was 
indispensable for the safety of the command to evacuate the ' 
place during the night, or in the early morning. But the 
enemy's pickets were within two hundred yards of our lines; 
and in order to escape without his notice, it was necessary to 
abandon the guns and wagons, which could not have been 
brought away, without so much noise in descending the rocky 
hills from the forts, as to defeat the indispensable purpose of 
secrecy. The precautions adopted by the council of war 
were successful. We eluded the enemy who surrounded us 
on three sides, and marched four and a half miles before en- 
countering any of his forces. Then, after a sharp engagement 
of one hour, we succeeded in passing the enemy, and most 
of my forces escaped. 

A single view of the situation will make the matter too 
clear for a moment's doubt. 

On Friday, I had the plain, clear, direct and positive order 
of General Schenck, commanding me to remain at Winches- 
ter, and await further orders. There was no known change 
of circumstances, after I received that order, until Saturday 
afternoon when the prisoner was taken. But at that time 
the Third Brigade under a signal given in the morning, was 
on the march to Winchester, and reached that place at ten 
o'clock at night. They had then marched thirty miles on 
Saturday, and required all Saturday night for rest and re- 
freshment. I could not have left Winchester, at the earli- 
est possible date, till Sunday morning, and then it would 
have been improper to do so by daylight. I waited, therefore, 
till Sunday night, and then called a council of war. We 
left at two, in the morning of Monday; and as we left in 
darkness, so we had to do so in quietness, as the one was as 
essentia! at^ the other to effect our escape. We, therefore, 



414 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH. 

left evorytliiiis: tlmt wvut on wlieels. Weighed against the 
lives of my hruve iikmi, they were less than nothing, 

I do not siij)pose it necessary to defend the act of finally 
retreating from Winchester, although I had no orders to do 
80. It is now apparent to all men, that the alternative was 
between retreating or remaining to surrender. The only 
matter upon which there can be any inquiry, is as to the 
manner of the retreat — the energy, the watchfulness, the 
skill and success with which it was conducted. The severe 
fighting of Sunday, vigorously maintained through the whole 
day, had checked, if not crippled the enemy, and had doubt- 
less served to mislead him as to ray designs. He fully ex- 
pected to find me in Winchester on Monday morning. Hav- 
ing succeeded in making this impression upon him, and thus 
allayed his suspicions as well as his vigilance, that time was 
the most favorable that could possibly have been selected for 
the retreat. No skill or precaution on my part, however, 
could have enabled me to evade the enemy where we met 
him on Monday morning. He was posted in a position to 
command both roads, at the point where the one leading to 
Summit Point diverges from the Martinsburgh road. Here 
w© fought him until we heard a signal gun in the direction 
of Winchester, and two sections of the enemy's artillery, on 
the road from that place, were seen in hot pursuit of us. I 
then ordered the march to be continued, and the larger part 
of my forces went in different directions from the field of 
battle. 

The result of this engagement would have been far difier- 
ent if my orders had been obeyed, or my example followed. 
When the retreat commenced, we anticipated the attack from 
the rear. But as soon as I heard the firing in front, I hast- 
ened to the scene of action. In passing along the line I 
found Colonel McReynolds some distance in advance of his 
brigade, and ordered him to return and hurr\- u[) his forces 
to the front. It was not my intention to continue the en- 
gagement longer than was necessary to enable all my forces 
to pass away. While I was actively engaged in front, I sent 
back no less than three difierent orders for the Third Brigade 
to come up ; but neither of my aids could find Colonel Mc- 



GENERAL ROBERT H. MILROY. 415 

Reynolds on the field, nor any part of his command, except 
thQ First New York Cavalry. Ln consequence of this failure 
— waiting for the Third Brigade to come up — I held my 
forces in the fight longer, and lost more men of the First and 
Second Brigades than would have been necessary, if my orders 
had been promptly obeyed. The regiments of the Third 
Brigade were separated, and though they were not in the en- 
gagement, they lost as many as the other brigades, and 
escaped by different routes from the scene of this action. 
Whatever irregularities and losses occurred during the march 
are attributable to the failure on the part of this brigade 
to respond to my commands. You will find the testimony 
sufficiently clear on this point; although, I regret to say, 
the Court denied my request to summon and examine 
two of the Colonels commanding regiments in the Third 
Brigade, who allege that their commanding officer gave them 
no orders, and was not seen by them on the field. 

!N^otwithstanding this unfortunate occurrence at the critical 
moment of my retreat, by which my plans were somewhat 
thwarted, out of the six thousand nine hundred brave and 
effective men who started from Winchester, upwards of six 
thousand have be«n ascertained by General Schenck to be 
now on duty. Upwards of two thousand men have been 
paroled by the enemy; but these consist of the sick and dis- 
abled who were left at Winchester, in addition to those who 
were taken in the engagement on the morning of the retreat. 

A great misapprehension has existed in the public mind, 
and has been promoted by reckless correspondents of the 
public press, in reference to the amount of public property 
abandoned and lost on the retreat from Winchester. You 
will see by the testimony that the stores on hand were ex- 
tremely small. My ammunition was nearly exhausted, the 
men were on half rations, and a large portion of the wagons 
had already been sent away in pursuance of my orders, to be 
prepared for evacuation. It was my intention, and orders 
were given accordingly, to keep always on hand five days' 
supply of ammunition and subsistence. Fortunately the 
latest requisitions of my ordnance officer, for some reason 



416 BrooRAPiircAL sketch. 

luikiiowii to mo, li;ul nut been tilled, and even this small 
amount was saved tu the Government. 

It' tlie investigation made by the Court of Inquiry has not 
been full and satisfactory upon all points, it is not from any 
deficiency on my part. Anxious to la}- open the whole trans- 
action, even to its minutia', I earnestly urged the Court to 
summon and examine many other officers, who bore a con- 
spicuous part in the retreat from Winchester, as well as 
others who could throw light on the general subject. The 
Court refused to grant my application, doubtless because 
they were satisfied that I had made my justification complete. 
I think I may assume that no court would refuse to hear the 
testimony of some of the principal actors in the events under 
examination, so long as any room for censure remained 
against him who desired additional evidence. 

So far, I may have no right to complain of the decision of 
the Court ; but in another rejected application, I think I 
liave. At the commencement of the investigation, immedi- 
ately upon the organization of the Court, the General-in- 
chief of the army sent in, as testimony, copies of several 
telegrams, addressed by him to Major General Schenck, in 
which he speaks of me most disrespectfully and unjustly, and 
with imputations not true in fact. I asked the Court to 
summon Major General Ilalleck; and as they required a 
statement of what a witness was expected to prove, I filed 
the paper, which, with others of the same kind, will be found 
appended to this letter. These papers were all endorsed and 
retured to me, as will be seen, with a refusal to hear the tes- 
timon}'. 

If it was admissible for the General-in-chief to introduce 
his telegrams, charging me at some time with having been 
'• on a stampede," it was certainl}^ legitimate for rae to call 
that officer, and inquire the occasion to which he referred, in 
order that I might prove, as I certainly could, the falsity of 
his information. The imputation conveyed in the words of 
General Ilalleck, and perpetuated in the record of this Court, 
is highly disreputable to a soldier ; and the most obvious 
principles of justice require that I should be permitted to re- 
fute it. If the substance of these telegrams V»o not a pro[)er 



GENERAL ROBERT 11. MILROY. 417 

subject of investigation by the Court, then the introduction 
of them was calculated to serve no otlier purpose but to 
create a prejudice, and do me a wrong which I could have no 
opportunity to repel. 

In another telegram put in evidence before the Court, I am 
charged with "madness" by the General-in-chief, for send- 
ing part of my forces on a certain expedition in the valley. 
I could easily show that this " madness " would have resulted 
in the capture of the enemy's camp with a large amount of 
supplies, which had been left exposed by the withdrawal of 
his forces into Western Virginia. But this affair had no 
connection with the evacuation of Winchester, and the in- 
corporation of this telegram into the record is calculated 
unjustly to injure my reputation, without serving any public 
purpose. 

In another telegram, likewise made a part of the record, I 
am charged with a failure to protect the Baltimore and Ohio 
Railroad at Harper's Ferry, when I never had any command 
there; also with incompetency in this respect, when, with my 
forces at Winchester, I successfully guarded that road for six 
months, so that during that period the enemy never touched 
it, within the limits of ni}- command. 

General Ilalleck's telegram, of the fifteenth of June, con- 
taining another ungenerous thrust at me, might well have been 
omitted from the record, inasmuch as it was written after the 
evacuation, and could not have the slightest bearing on the 
investigation. But it is quite as legitimate as the others, 
its only possible effect being to throw into the scale against 
me the weight of General Ilalleck's personal enmity. 

On the twenty-seventh of June last, I was placed in arrest 
by order of the General-in-chief. jSTo charges have been pre- 
ferred against me, unless the splenetic and censorious tele- 
grams of that officer, above referred to, can be considered 
such. Since the commencement of this war, no ofiicer of 
my rank has been subjected to the indignity of an arrest, 
without the exhibition of charges to justify it. I have not 
yet been relieved from this arrest; and the peculiar phrase- 
ology of the articles of war seems to render it doubtful 
whether the expiration of the time limited for making 
Vol. IL— 27. 



418 BIOGRAPHICAL SKKTCII. 

charges operates to give me that relief. I entered the army 
at the beginning of the war; and, until my arrest, I have 
never asked for leave of absence, nor been one day off duty. 
It has been my greatest pleasure continuously and faithfully 
to perform a soldier's part in defense of my country. I con- 
fess the humiliation I feel, that the first period of rest allowed 
me has been one of implied censure, if not of disgrace. 

J. am very confident that an impartial examination of the 
record of this Court will show nothing to justify the treat- 
ment I have received. But, at all events, I have the proud 
satisfaction of knowing that I have not failed, in any instance, 
to give my best energies of mind and body to the service. 
Even in the defense and final evacuation of "Winchester (al- 
though with timely and correct information, I would have 
acted differently), yet I am sure that the holding of that 
place, and the engagement there, gave us the information we 
could not otherwise have obtained, developed the plans and 
pnrpose-s of the enemy, checked and delayed his advance into 
Maryland for three days, and by these means enabled the 
Army of the Potomac to follow with timely resistance, and 
to prevent the loss of millions of property, which would oth- 
erwise have fallen into his hands. The inconsiderable loss 
sufiered at Winchester was a trifle compared with these ad- 
vantages ; and so far from feeling that I am chargeable with 
any error in judgment, or failure in duty, I shall ever, in my 
own bosom, enjoy a conscience without self-reproach, and 
wholly void of any oflense to ni}'^ country. 

I have caused this letter to be printed for your convenience, 
and ask the privilege of publishing it, together with my offi- 
cial report made to Major General Schenck, which has not 
yet been permitted to be made public. 

I have the honor to be, with great respect, your obedient 
servant, 

R. H. MiLROY, 

Uajor General U. S. V. 
Washington City, D. C, Sept. 10, 1863. 

It may be necessary to state that the "Court of Inquiry " 
referred to was composed by General Halleck of officers of 



GENERAL ROBERT 11. MILROY. 419 

lower rank than General Milro}', while there were a great 
many Major Generals not engaged in active service. General 
Milroy was not allowed to pro-duce evidence, or to properly 
defend his case. The result of the arrest of the General, 
and the calling of the *' Court of Inquiry," was simply to ex- 
clude a worthy and efficient officer from duty for some ten 
months, and gratify the malice of General Ilalleck, who 
never lost an opportunity to throw a stumbling block in the 
way of volunteer officers. During the time of his exile from 
the field. General Milroy made repeated applications to the 
President, and to the Secretary of War, to be permitted to 
enter the field and engage in active service, offering to com- 
mand even a company, or go as a private soldier. At one 
time he made application for permission to raise a brigade of 
negro troops, but his endeavors to serve his country were 
always futile, as Halleck, for some mysterious reason, never 
relented, but pursued his victim with a zeal worthy of a 
better cause. All volunteer officers, (except a few who have 
had influence enough in the Nation to override West Point 
influence), will understand his motives in so doing. 

Finally, May thirteenth, 1864, General Milroy received the 
following order from the War Department: 

special orders no. 169. 
War Department, Adjutant General's Office, 
Washington, May 6th, 1864. 
\_Extract.'] 
27. Major General Robert H. Milroy, U. S. Volunteers, 
will proceed, Avithout delay, to Nashville, Tennessee, and re- 
port in person to Major General Thomas, U. S. Volunteers, 
commanding Army of the Cumberland, for duty in receiving 
and organizing the militia regiments sent to that place, and 
also for assignment to the command of Indiana troops, when 
organized. 

By order of the Secretary of War. 

E. D. TOWNSEND, 

Assistant Adjutant General. 
He at once reported, and entered upon his duties with en- 



420 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH. 

eriry and efficiency, but as lie was not engaged in active op- 
erations in the field, wc will not follow his history' further 
General Milroy very justly fools, as hundreds of volunteer 
officers have reason to feel, that he has been dealt with very 
unfairly, and that he has just cause for grievance. Had it 
not been for the unfortunate affair at Winchester, we believe 
he would have made as bright a record as any volunteer offi- 
cer in the service. lie is as brave as a lion, and as patriotic 
as a man can be. AVith the advantages of an excellent mili- 
tary education, a natural love for arms, sound judgment, and 
dauntless courage, he must have made his mark among the 
first of our Union's defenders, had he been permitted so to 
do. Let his fellow-citizens, of Indiana, at least, bestow u|ion 
him the meed of praise so richly deserved. 



EEGIMENTAL HISTOEY. 



CHAPTER XII. 

EIGHTY-FOURTH REGIMENT. 

This regiment was organized during the summer of 1862, 
under President Lincoln's call for three hundred thousand 
soldiers. The main portion of the command was recruited 
in a few days, by the energy of a small number of recruiting 
officers, who were subsequently made captains in the regi- 
ment they had labored so earnestly and patriotically to or- 
ganize during the darkest hour in our country's history. It 
is but justice to mention the circumstances under which the 
Eighty-Fourth was so hastily brought into the field. It was 
to save the State of Indiana from the disgrace of a draft. 
All felt that it would be a dishonor to allow a draft when 
there were so many men at home who could leav^e for the 
battle-field. Liberty, nationality and honor were at stake. 
Hence, the men of the Fifth District rallied to the support of 
the old flag. 

The regiment was mustered into the service of the United 
States by Captain J. H. Farquhar, U. S. A., on the fourth of 
September, 1862, at Richmond, Indiana. 

The following were its officers : 

Field and Staff Officers. — Colonel, Nelson Trusler, Con- 
nersville ; Lieutenant Colonel, Samuel Orr, Muncie; Major, 
Andrew J. Neif, Winchester; Adjutant, Le Roy Wood, 
Centerville ; Quartermaster, William M. Jarrell, Liberty ; 

• (421) 



422 REGIMENTAL IIISTOIIY. 

Surgeon, Samuel S. Boyd, Dublin ; Assistant Surgeon, Zieba 
Zieba Casterilie, Liberty ; Chaplain, Morrow P. Armstrong. 

Company A. — Captain, "William Biirrcs, Farmland; First 
Lieutenant, Henry T. Semaus, Farmland; Second Lieuten- 
ant, William A. Burres, Farmland. 

Company B. — Captain, John II. Ellis, Muncie ; First Lieu- 
tenant, George C. Hatfield, Muncie; Second Lieutenant, 
"William II. Spence, Muncie. 

Company C. — Captain, William A. Boyd, Centerville; First 
Lieutenant, Joseph M. Taylor, Dublin ; Second Lieutenant, 
Luke D. Roark, Milton. 

Company D. — Captain, John C. Taylor, Muncie; First 
Lieutenant, James II. Orr, Muncie; Second Lieutenant, Wil- 
liam A. McClellan, Muncie. 

Company E. — Captain, Martin B. Miller, Winchester; 
First Lieutenant, Henry T. Warren, Deerticld; Second Lieu- 
tenant, Joseph Fisher, Deerticld. 

Company F. — Captain, Robert M. Grubbs, Knightstown ; 
First Lieutenant, Valentine Steiner, Knightstown ; Second 
Lieutenant, Jerome B. Mason, Knightstown. 

Company G. — Captain, Hiram B. Vaneman, Newcastle; 
First Lieutenant, John M. Moore, Newcastle; Second Lieu- 
tenant, John A. Shirkey, Newcastle. 

Company H. — Captain, George II. Carter, Winchester; 
First Lieutenant, Andrew J. Nefl", Winchester; Second Lieu- 
tenant, William II. Focht, Winchester. 

Company I. — Captain, James W. Fellows, Lewisville; First 
Lieutenant, Franklin Tullidge, Lewisville; Second Lieuten- 
ant, Leonidas Fox, Lewisville. 

Company K. — Captain, Henry Kirby, Granville; First 
Lieutenant, Noble B. Gregory, Granville; Second Lieuten- 
ant, George S. James, Granville. 

On the eighth of September the regiment left on the cars 
for Covington, Kentucky, under command of General Mor- 
ris, no fixed officer having reached the regiment. The rebel 
General Kirby Smith was threatening Cincinnati, and troops 
were being concentrated to repel him. Upon arriving in 
front of the enemy, the command had neither arms, ammuni- 
tion, accoutrements or uniform. 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 423 

At two o'clock, on the morning of the tenth of September, 
the regiment was furnished with arms and ten rounds of am- 
munition to the man; but the cartridges were too large for 
the guns. The result Avas that the regiment w^as marched 
two miles to the right on the Lexington pike, where cart- 
ridges of proper calibre Avere procured. Captain Erwin, 
Sixth Ohio, was placed in command. Major ISTeff was pres- 
ent, but was not posted in military maneuvers. The com- 
mand was formed in line of battle by Captain Erwin, on the 
Bouth-w^estern side of a hill, one mile to the right of the Lex- 
ington pike. The heat of the sun was terrible, and water 
scarce. The men chewed cornstalks to allay their thirst. In 
a short time picks and shovels were furnished the regiment, 
and, being familiar with those tools, they soon intrenched 
themselves. Captain Erwin showed his sagacity in this re- 
spect. He knew the men w^ere not prepared to fight, yet 
they could dig. 

The command was assigned to the First Brigade, First Di- 
vision, United States forces. General Judah commanded the 
division, and General Love the brigade. Lieutenant Colonel 
Orr took command of the regiment on the fifteenth of Sep- 
tember, and was relieved on the twentieth by Colonel Nelson 
Trusler. In the meantime the rebel troops had fallen back. 
The regiment remained in camp among the hills of Ken- 
tucky until October first. The Eighty -Fourth w^as then or- 
dered to report to Point Pleasant, Virginia; Transported by 
rail from Cincinnati to Portland, Ohio, it marched to Gallia- 
polis, arriving on the fourth. Here the command remained 
until October fifteenth, and then left for Guyandotte, Vir- 
ginia. The brigade consisted of the Fortieth Ohio, Eighty- 
Fourth Indiana, a squadron of cavalr}^ and a battery of four 
twelve-pounders, under command of Colonel Cramer, of the 
Fortieth Ohio. Arrived at Guyandotte on the next day. 
Here it remained until the fourteeiith of November. In the 
meantime a detachmcnt'of the Eighty-Fourth, two pieces of 
artillery and a squadron of cavalry was sent on a reconnois- 
sance to Catlettsburg, Kentuck}', at the mouth of the Big 
Sandy river. No enemy being found the command returned 
to camp. Company K joined the regiment during the last 



424 REfilMENTAL HISTORY. 

of October. Atljutant AVood resigned on the ninth of No- 
vember. 

On the morning of the fourteenth of November, the com- 
mand started for Catlettsbnrg, arriving the same evening. 
Here the time ^vas passed in drill and picket duty, until the 
twelfth of December, when the command moved to Louisa, 
Kentucky, thirty miles up the Big Sandy, arriving on the 
fourteenth and going into camp. The roads were deep with 
mud. The men went to social gatherings and parties to 
while away the time. The first paymaster appeared about 
this time, and made every man feel rich for a little while. 
And so, with song and dance, and mud, the year of 1862 
went out, and 1863 found the regiment still in winter quar- 
ters on the banks of the Big Sandy. 

On the seventh of February, 1863, orders were received to 
report at Cincinnati. The command proceeded by steamer 
down the Big Sandy and Ohio rivers, arriving at Cincin- 
nati on the thirteenth. From there the regiment proceeded 
to Louisville, and thence to Nashville, arriving on the seven- 
teenth. The Eighty-Fourth was now assigned to the Second 
Brigade, Third Division, Army of Kentuck}', and went into 
camp three miles south of Nashville, on the Franklin pike. 

On the fifth of March the command left for Franklin, ar- 
riving the same evening. On the ninth the}' drew five days' 
rations and started on a reconnoissance, in force, in the direc- 
tion of Duck river. Marched fourteen miles the first day, 
and Ijivouacked in the midst of a rain storm. Next day 
reached Rutherford's creek and bivouacked on the north 
bank. There was some fighting with a portion of the expe- 
dition and the enemy, but the Eighty-Fourth was not en- 
gaged. On the tw^elfth the regiment returned to its camp on 
the north bank of the Ilarpeth river, near Franklin, making 
a march of twenty miles in six hours and a half. The day 
was warm; the men heavily loaded; A'et all arrived safe in 
camp. 

The regiment remained at Franklin until the third of 
June, assisting in building Fort Granger, when it was or- 
dered to move to Triune, Tennessee. The command arrived 
at Triune on the evening of June third, and went into camp 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 425 

in a large clover field. The men were in good spirits and 
condition, and felt that soon there would be hot work with 
the enemy, as his cavalry was constantly skirmishing in the 
front, driving in the videttes, and being checked by our re- 
serve of infantry on picket. 

On the eleventh of June the enemy made an attack upon 
our position. The affair lasted one hour and a half, the 
rebels being driven back. The Eighty-Fourth occupied the 
extreme left of the front line, and was among the foremost 
in pursuit, which was continued until dark, without loss to 
the regiment. The command then returned to camp at 
Triune. 

On the twenty-third of June the command, with five days' 
rations, moved in the direction of Murfreesboro'. Arriving 
at Middletown during the afternoon of the twenty-fifth, it 
halted. 

On the morning of the twenty-seventh the command was 
ordered to advance on Guy's Gap, where the enemy appeared 
to be in force. Upon the approach of our cavahy, Avith in- 
fantry supports, however, they retired in the direction of 
Shelbyville, our columns following in close pursuit. Reached 
Guy's Gap and bivouacked, having had no encounter with 
the enemy. Early next morning the Eightj'-Fourth was de- 
tailed to guard five hundred rebel prisoners and convey them 
to Murfreesboro'. Upon reaching Middletown the prisoners 
were placed in custody of troops stationed there, and the 
regiment bivouacked. 

The next day they marched to Shelbyville and camped 
three miles north. AVliile in this vicinity the camp was 
moved several times. 

On the third of July it marched to Wartrace, Tennessee, 
where the regiment rested until August twelfth, living upon 
the fat of the land. Chickens, green corn, potatoes, peaches 
and other luxuries were plentiful, and the men improved in 
health upon the change of diet. 

On the twelfth of August the command took up the line 
of march for Ilossville, reaching Tullahoma next day, and in 
the afternoon marched to Estcll Sjirings, crossed the Elk river 
and went into camp. 



426 r.EUIMENTAL IlISTOUY. 

On the twenty -first tlio rogiiiicnt returned to Tullahoma, 
and remained in ciiin}) there until the seventh of September, 
at which time it was ordered to mareli for Stevenson, Ala- 
bama. I'assing through various small towns the regiment 
arrived at Stevenson at sundown on the ninth, and bivou- 
acked ill tlie southern suburbs of the place. The next day 
they marched to Bridgeport, reacliing there at noon, tired, 
hungry and thirsty. 

On the twellth they crossed the Tennessee river and 
camped, and tlie next morning received orders to draw twelve 
daj's' rations and march for Chattanooga — distant some 
thirty miles. 

After a toilsome march, during which they climbed the 
steep and rugged sides of Lookout mountain, they reached 
Rossville next morning. 

On the eighteenth the regiment received orders to march 
for the front. General Wliittaker was at the head of the 
column. Tlie comiuaiid had inarched five miles in the direc- 
tion of Tiinggold, when it came suddenly upon the rebel 
pickets, who fired upon the General and stafi:", but with no 
result, except to hasten forward our skirmishers. A detail 
was at once sent forward and skirmished with the enemy till 
dark. Tlie Eighty-Fourth was formed in line of battle on 
the left of the liinggold road, near a small stream called Pea 
Vine, or Little Chicamauga. The rebel batteries threw sev- 
eral shells over and around them, but did no damage, the 
command being protected by a slight elevation in front. Af- 
ter dark the regiment moved one hundred yards in advance, 
where the men lay down in line of battle, on their arms, for 
the night. Xcxt morning they fell back to McAfee church, 
distant one mile, where the men prepared breakfast. Two 
companies were thrown forward as skirmishers, and were 
soon reinforced by a third; all under command of Major 
Nefi: Three scouts being called for to act as videttes, E. D. 
Baugh, 0. N. Taylor and John Wall, of Company E, ten- 
dered their service, and started for the front. They had 
hardly disappeared from view when the sharp crack of the 
rebel rifles was heard, answered at once by the fire of the 
scouts. Our skirmishers at once advanced, became sharply 



REGIMEXTAL HISTORY. 427 

engaged with those of the enemy, and drove them back upon 
his main line. The reserve of the regiment then moved to 
the support of the skirmishers. The Eighty-Fourth was 
formed on the right of the Ringgold road behind a fence. 
A brisk fight ensued, lasting an hour and a half, the regiment 
losing twenty-two killed, wounded and missing. No support 
arriving, the command was forced back. They had been 
fighting a brigade of the rebel General Longstreet's com- 
mand. In fact, owing to the heavy woods and thick under- 
brush obstructing the vision, and the enemy's familiarity with 
the countr}', the regiment was nearly surrounded before they 
were aware of their situation. The Fortieth Ohio and the 
One Hundred and Fifteenth Illinois, however, covered their 
flanks and rear, and saved them from being captured. They 
bivouacked that night near the McAfee church. The weather 
was extremely cold, a heavy frost covering the surface of the 
earth. Many of the men were compelled to build fires to 
keep from freezing, having no blankets. Drawing rations, 
and eating supper, the men lay down, little dreaming of the 
dreadful shock of arms on the battle-field of Chicamauga, 
which followed on the morrow. 

BATTLE OF CHICAMAUGA. 

Early on the morning of September twentieth skirmishers 
were sent out to feel the enemy, but found he liad retired 
from the front. Soon orders came to General Steedman to 
bring his division to the right in support of General Thomas, 
who was fighting against overwhelming numbers of the 
enemy, and to save the gallant army of the Cumberland from 
ruin. Thomas w^as the hero of that fight, and saved the 
army. General Steedman at once put his troops in motion, 
and hastened to the rescue of the Fourteenth Corps. The 
command arrived just in time. The Eighty-Fourth was 
formed in line of battle on the right of the rear line of the 
brigade, preparatory to making an assault upon the rebels, 
who were posted on two hills, with a deep ravine between 
them. Colonel Trusler was ordered to remain where he was 
until the assault was made on either side of the ravine, and 



428 KKCI.MKNTAI, HISTORY. 

in case tlie fi-ont. line wns broken to fill tlic breach. The 
Colonel, seeing a breaeli in the front line, rnsbcd liis recfinicnt 
into the ravine, when the ciieniy ponred a most deadly fire 
upon it from three directions; right, left and front. It was 
impossible for men to rernai!i and live nnder such a fire. In 
the brief space of fifteen minutes nearly one-third of the 
Eighty-Fourth were killed or wounded. Tlio terrible result 
of the day footed up ninety-six killed, wounded and missing. 
Three officers were killed: Captain John II. Ellis, Lieuten- 
ant Hatfield and Lieutenant Mason. Three wounded : Cap- 
tain Sellers, Lieutenant Smith and Lieutenant Moore. The 
division went into battle at one o'clock, p. m., and fought 
until dark, making three assaults upon the enemy's lines. 
The command withdrew under cover of night, and marched 
to the old camp at Kossville. 

On the morning of the twenty -first the command was or- 
dered to fall back towards Chattanooga, and at one o'clock, 
p. M., they took position on Missionary Tiidge, on the left of 
the Army of the Cumberland. Here they threw up a line of 
works, and held the position until ten o'clock at night, when 
they quietly retired towards Chattanooga, reaching that 
town at four o'clock, a. m., having marched slowly all night. 
Kext day they crossed the Tennessee river and bivouacked 
on the magnificent hills on the north bank of that stream, 
which bear the general name of Waldron's Ridge. On the 
twenty-fourth they moved down the Tennessee river opposite 
Lookout mountain. The Eighty-Fourth was sent down the 
river on picket duty, where it remained for nine consecutive 
days and nights, keeping up an almost constant fire upon the 
rebels who were posted on the opposite shore, behind the 
rocks, in a small stockade they had built. The Eighty- 
Fourth lost but one man killed. Upon being relieved they 
marched to Moccasin Point and went into camp. Soon re- 
ceived orders to move camp half a mile and erect winter quar- 
ters. They went to work at once, and notwithstanding the 
daily shellings from a rebel battery [ihuited upon the point of 
Lookout mountain, soon had their log houses complete. The 
sufiering was terrible at this place. Having no tents or 
blankets, the weather being wet and cold, with short ra- 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 429 

tions, it was strange that the soldiers survived the exposure. 
Sometimes they would be seen gathering grains of corn out 
of the mud, where the mules and horses had been fed, so 
long before that the grains had sprouted, and eagerly de- 
vouring them. Tvventj^-five cents was freely given by the 
hungry soldiers for a single ear of corn. But the men were 
cheerful and patient, and willing to endure all for the cause 
in which they were engaged. 

Early in October the Eighty-Fourth was assigned to the 
Second Brigade, First Division, Fourth Arni}^ Corps. Colo- 
nel Trusler resigned on the nineteenth of October. 

On the first of November the command was ordered to 
cross the Tennessee river and march in the direction of 
Bridgeport. The column moved around the base of Look- 
out mountain — the rebel batter}', upon its crown, throwing 
shells in close proximity as it passed — bivouacking that night 
in Wauhatchee Valley. Next day they reached Shell 
Mound, Tennessee, at sundown, hungry and cold, not a 
mouthful to eat having been given them during the whole 
day's march. General Whittaker rode along the line and 
told the men that they should have rations, which announce- 
ment was received with hearty cheers. Five day's full ra- 
tions were at once issued. Most of the men sat up and 
cooked and ate all night. In fact, soldiers are something like 
wild Indians, whenever they halt to rest they want to eat. 

On the morning of jSTovember third the command went 
into camp on the south bank of the Tennessee river, near 
Nickajack cave, and put up winter quarters. Major General 
Stanley took command of the First Division, to which the 
brigade was attached. The Eighty-Fourth Indiana was left 
in camp at Shell Mound to guard that point, while the rest 
of the brigade was sent to participate in the battles at Look- 
out Mountain and Mission Bidge. They were detailed 
for this purpose on account of having neither tents nor 
blankets, those articles having been captured and burned by 
the enemy at Waldron's Bidge, on the fourth of October, 
while being transported from Bridgeport to Camp Clark, 
Tennessee. 

On the ninth of December, Lieutenant Colonel Orr re- 



430 KKCIMKNTAI. HISTORY. 

signed. A recruiting {'iiity hud been sent to Indiunu :ind re- 
turned with fifty-four men. 

On the twenty-sixth of -lanuary, 18G4, the coniinund 
marched to the Narrows, a distance of three miles. Here it 
was detailed to build the road to enable teams to pass. The 
next day they marched to White-side Station; thence to 
Lookout creek, at tlie foot of Lookout mountain. 

On the twenty-ninth the regiment marched over Lookout 
mountain to Chattanooga; tlience through the town to Mis- 
sion llidge. On the thirtieth it crossed the waters of Chica- 
mauga creek, and went into camp near Tiner's Station. 

On the third of February they moved to Ottawa Station, 
and from thence, on tlie sixth, to Blue Springs, Tennessee. 
On the twenty-second they marched to Red Clay, and readied 
Chickasaw creek on the twenty-third, where the division 
joined the left of the Fourteenth Corps. Next day they fell 
back three miles, and, taking another road, moved in the di- 
rection of Tunnel Hill to the support of the Fourteenth 
Corps. On the twenty-fifth it marched in the direction of 
Dalton, Georgia. After marching eight miles they found 
the rebel army drawn up in line of battle. Preparations 
were at once made for an attack. The Eighty-Fourth was 
formed in the center of the second line, to support the For- 
tieth Ohio. The charge was made at eleven, a. m., resulting 
in driving the rebels two miles through the dense thickets of 
undergrowth near Buzzard Roost. Our forces skirmished 
with the enemy during the remainder of the day. The 
Eighty-Fourth was ordered to remain under cover of a small 
hill that afforded but little protection. The rebels kept up a 
furious fire of artillery during the day, doing considerable 
damage. The Eighty-Fourth lost in this engagement one 
man killed and two wounded. At nine o'clock, A. m., tliey 
retired from the field, and reached the camp they had left in 
the morning, at two, a. m., of the twenty-sixth. 

During the afternoon of the same day they marched to 
Tunnel Hill, arriving at sunset, and ate supper in sight of 
the rebel camp fires. At eight, p. m., they countermarched 
to Tiger's creek, arriving at one, a. m., of the twenty-seventh, 
when, after a few hours, the command moved, leaving the 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. * 431 

Eighty-Fourth as rear guard to protect the train. After 
proceeding half a mile, the rebel cavalry fired upon the regi- 
ment from a hill to the left. The regiment at once formed 
in line of battle, and threw out skirmishers. Two pieces of 
artillery were posted at the Stone Church, and fired several 
rounds, checking the rebel advance, when the foe retired. 
Skirmishers were called in, and the command marched in 
the direction of Blue Springs, bivouacking that night on the 
rebel Colonel Ewing's farm; reached Blue Springs next day. 
The soldiers were now much worn down by the constant 
marching and skirmishing. 

On the tenth of March, Major A. J. NefF was promoted to 
the Lieutenant Colonelcy, and Captain William A. Boyd ap- 
pointed Major. The command remained at Blue Springs, 
drilling and performing the usual duties of camp life for two 
months. 

That glorious campaign, resulting in the capture of At- 
lanta, which has rendered the name of General W. T. Sher- 
man famous in history, was commenced on the third day of 
May, 1864. The part taken by the Eighty-Fourth Indiana 
will be told in simple language. 

At twelve o'clock. May third, the command broke camp 
and marched to Red Clay. The next day they reached Ca- 
toosa Springs, and threw up a temporary line of works, be- 
hind which the Eighty-Fourth laid for the night. On the 
morning of the fifth they moved northeast of the Catoosa 
Springs, remaining there until the seventh, when they 
marched towards Tunnel Hill. When within two miles of 
the Hill the advance skirmished with the enemy. Two com- 
panies of the Eighty-Fourth were deployed as skirmishers. 
The brifi^ade was ordered to march to the left and charafe 
upon the enemy, who were in position upon an elevation east 
of the Tunnel. The movement was successful, the rebels be- 
ing driven from the hill, with no loss to the regiment. The 
Eighty-Fourth was on the left of the front line. The bri- 
gade was the first upon Tunnel Hill, and the Eighty-Fourth 
the second regiment. 

On the eighth instant they moved in line of battle towards 
Rocky Faced Ridge. Some skirmishing took place, with no 



432 REGIMENTAL IlISTURY. 

loss. At ni^jlit, tlic briij^ade fc-ll back to Tunnel Hill and 
bivouacked. 

On the ninth the command advanced in the direction of 
the gap in Rocky Faced llidgc. Alter marching two miles 
the Eighty-Fourth Indiana and Xinety-Sixth Illinois were 
ordered to unsling knapsacks and prepare for an assault on 
the enemy's works. Three companies of the Eighty-Fourth, 
under Major Boyd, were thrown forward as skirmishers, 
with orders to press up the hill as far as possible, the regi- 
ment following in close support. The skirmishers became 
warmly engaged, and, being })res.sed by the heavy skirmish 
line of the cnem^-, two companies, under Captaiu Miller, 
were sent to reinforce them. The rebeJs had a decided ad- 
vantage in position and shelter, and, as our men pressed 
forward, the}' took advantage of every rock and tree to cover 
them from the deadly fire blazing forth from the summit of 
the Ridge. At six, p. m., the Eightj'-Fourth charged the 
enemy's works, but were met by such a fierce and deadly 
fire as to be repulsed, with a loss of fourteen killed and 
wounded. Major William A. Boyd was mortally wounded 
while gallantly leading his companies. The main portion of 
the command retired a short distance and bivouacked, leav- 
ing four companies on the skirmish line till morning. On 
the tenth, the command moved to the left in support of a bat- 
tery, and remained until niglit of the next day, when they 
moved to the right of the gap to relieve a portion of the 
Fourteenth Corps. The Eighty-Fourth took position be- 
hind temporary- works on the front line. One company of 
fifty-two men, under Caj»tain Carter, was advanced as skir- 
mishers. The skirmishing was quite brisk during the 
twelfth. On the thirteenth it was ascertained by our advance 
that the rebels had evacuated Rocky Faced Ridge during the 
night, and the Eighty-Fourth moved through the Gap, pass- 
ing through Dalton, and halting for the night nine miles 
south. The next morning they advanced towards Resacca, 
and found the enemy in force. The regiment at once formed 
in line of battle on the right of the road, forming the right 
of the Second Brigade. The Third Brigade was in front, 
and they moved forward to their support, taking a hill in 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 433 

front of the enemy's works. They then started to reform 
the Second Brigade, but while making the movement the 
enemy made an assault upon our front line, driving part of 
the Second Brigade in confusion from its position. The 
Eighty-Fourth, however, stood firm, and was soon formed in 
a strong position by General Stanley in person. The enemy 
was approaching in heavy force, four columns deep. The 
command was m a critical situation. The weight of the 
enemy's columns was irresistible. Yet the command awaited 
the shock with the calmness of heroes. At this thrilling 
moment, rescue came. New columns of Union troops 
marched through the woods, and the fighting Twentieth 
Corps of General Hooker fell upon the rebel columns like an 
avalanche, hurling them back in dismay and confusion. 

The Fifth Indiana Battery did glorious work that day 
among the wild hills of Resacca. The rebel ranks were 
decimated by the skillful practice of its gunners. Though 
the firing was terrific the Eighty-Fourth met with no loss, 
owing to the protection afibrded by the hill. The loss was 
heavy in other portions of the field. At night a strong line 
of works was built on the hill upon which the Eighty-Fourth 
was posted. Here the command remained until the morn- 
ing of the fifteenth, when they moved, by the right flank, 
half a mile, where another line of works was built by the 
command, and one-half the regiment stood at arms during 
the night. On the night of the fifteenth the rebels evacuated 
Resacca and the works covering it, leaving many of their 
killed and wounded on the field of battle; also, arms, ammu- 
nition and army stores; indicating a precipitate retreat. The 
command entered E-esacca at noon of the sixteenth, and 
halted until a pontoon bridge was laid across the Coosa river. 
Crossing the river they marched three miles toward Calhoun 
and bivouacked. The next day passed through Calhoun, 
and pushed on for Adairsville. Upon nearing that place the 
command was formed in line of battle, in expectation of 
meeting the enemy. The rebel force left during the night, 
falling back on Kingston. Our column at once pursued, 
halting on the eighteenth three miles from Kingston. At 
sunrise the next day, the Eighty-FourtB in advance, passed 
Vol. II.— 28. 



434 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

on ill pursuit, and soon encountered tiie rebel pickets. One 
company deployed as skirmishers, under Lieutenant McLel- 
lan, briskly advanced. The rebel Kkirmishers fell back be- 
fore our advance, until our column passed through Kingston. 
A short distance south the enemy showed a bold front. Two 
additional companies of the Eighty-Fourth, under Lieuten- 
ant Lemons, reinforced the skirmish line. The enemy still 
retreated; our forces slowly following. Soon the reb<il force 
was encountered, formed in three lines of battle, across a 
large op«n field, threatening an immediate attack. It proved, 
however, to be only a feint of the rebel rear guard, covering 
the passage of their wagon train. Our batteries were soon 
in position, pouring shot and shell into their ranks. The 
rebel lines retired. The column moved to Cassville, and 
halted. The command rested here four days. For sixteen 
days they had listened to the roar of cannon and rattle of 
musketry, had marched and fought almost constantly. The 
whiz of bullets and screaming of shells had been their 
daily and nightly music. The men rested and drew clothing- 
and rations. 

On the twenty-third of May the command broke camp, 
and again moved forward to hunt the enemy amid the hills, 
valleys and forests of Northern Georgia. They crossed the 
Etowah river at sunset, marched until midnight, and camped. 
Next day they still pressed forward. On the twenty-fifth 
they crossed Pumpkin Vine creek. On the twenty-ninth 
they were in the front line and built works, losing a few men, 
wounded. So for four days the skirmishing and marching 
continued. One man was killed on the twenty-ninth. All 
who participated in Sherman's advance upon Atlanta, know 
of the constant toil, both day and night, performed by the 
whole army. 

On the first of June one hundred men worked all night on 
the breastworks. "Working and fighting, halting and march- 
ing, the soldiers of the Eighty-Fourth kept mind and body 
bus}', and reached Ackworth, Georgia, on the sixth of June. 
Four days were passed here. On the tenth, they marched 
eight miles south, through rain and mud, and camped. On 
the fifteenth, they moved towards Marietta. After marching 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 435 

two miles the whole corps was formed in double column at 
half distance, and pushed through the woods and under- 
brush for some distance. But no enemy being encountered 
in force, the column deployed in line of battle, threw up 
slight defenses, and rested for the night. On the seventeenth 
they took possession of a line of works abandoned by the 
enemy. Next day the brigade moved to the right and joined 
the Twentieth Corps. And so, with continued advances, 
building works, skirmishing, artillery roaring, musketry 
crashing, the army advanced, like the sure and steady tread 
of Fate, until the nineteenth of June, when the base of Ken- 
esaw mountain was reached, and upon its towering summit, 
in an impregnable position from the front, the rebels were 
found in heavy force. 

The Eighty-Fourth built a line of works across a corn 
field in the afternoon. At dark they relieved the Twenty- 
First Kentucky on the skirmish line; advanced after dark, 
approaching so close to the enemy's lines that the rebels 
quarreled with our men about the rails we were making 
breastworks with. In fact, the darkness of the night pre- 
vented the color of the uniform being detected, and the bel- 
ligerents became mixed together, each party industriously 
building temporary defenses from the material furnished by 
the same rail fence. Early next morning the Eighty-Fourth 
advanced its main line, under a galling fire, losing six killed 
and wounded. Two regiments of the "Iron Brigade" made 
a charge in our front, captured the rebel skirmish line, and 
established a line of breastworks. Upon these the rebels 
made several unsuccessful charges during the night. 

On the twenty-first the rebel batteries were very annoying. 
Lieutenant Gregory and two men were wounded by a tree 
top falling on them, which had been cut off by a solid shot. 
At dark of the twenty-second the command was relieved by 
the Eighteenth Regulars. They at once moved by the right 
flank three miles, and halted at daylight. The Eighty-Fourth, 
with other regiments, was now sent on the front line, to re- 
lieve a portion of the Twentieth Corps. The regiment held 
the center of the brigade line; sending out skirmishers. In 
the afternoon, orders were given the Eighty-Fourth to rein- 



430 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

force tho skirmish line with three companies, preparatory to 
making a charge. The rebel line was near the summit of a 
hill, beyond a small wheat field. The signal was given, and 
amid a perfect storm of bullets, the Eighty-Fourth rushed 
across tho wheat field, up the hill, capturing, on the skirmish 
line, thirty-seven prisoners, and penetrating within thirty 
paces of the main line of the enemy. The timber and thick 
underbrush through which they advanced, prevented the 
enemy from discovering their numbers, and protected them 
from his fire. They held the position one hour and a half, 
keeping up a brisk fire on the enemy. Meantime the rebels, 
learning that their right flank was unprotected, massed for 
an assault, and drove them back to their main line. The 
loss of the regiment in this affair was five killed, twenty-five 
wounded, and eleven prisoners. The regiment fortified 
during the night, and remained on the front line. One man 
was killed and one wounded on the twenty-fourth. Lieuten- 
ant Burres and one man were wounded on the twenty-sixth. 
At daylight on the twenty -seventh they were relieved by the 
Fourteenth Corps, and retired to the rear and left, where 
they were held in reserve during the unsuccessful charge which 
followed, upon the enemy's position on Kenesaw mountain. 
That terrible and fatal assault is familiar to readers of mili- 
tary history. The position was soon afterwards turned by 
a flank movement, and the rebels evacuated in the night. 
The Eighty-Fourth joined in the pursuit, and early on the 
morning of the fourth of July they were again drawn up 
in line of battle, and advanced nearly a mile, when the 
rebels were found in force behind a line of works. The 
regiment was again sent on the skirmish line, where they 
lost one man killed and four wounded. During the fol- 
lowing night the enemy abandoned the works, and was 
pursued to Viniug's Station, on the Chattahoochee, where 
the Eighty-Fourth went into camp. 

They were now in sight of the doomed city of Atlanta, 
and commenced throwing up works. All felt that bloody 
work was before them e'er the coveted prize was captured, 
but none doubted the ability of the army that had fought 
its way from Chattanoooa, over hills and mountains brist- 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 437 

ling with rebel camion and bayonets, to accomplish the 
work. 

On the morniDg of the tenth the command was ordered 
to march up tlie river about nine miles. The march was 
made on the double quick, as the Union forces had com- 
menced to cross, and determined resistance was expected. 
The day being hot, hardly one hundred men were left in 
the brigade on arriving at their destination; many being sun- 
struck, and otbers giving out from fatigue and exhaustion. 
Tlie Eighty-Fourth had about thirty representatives. 

The regiment went into camp in the evening, where 
they remained till the twelfth instant, when they moved 
about two and a half miles on the south bank of the Chat- 
tahoochee. Remaining there till the eighteenth, they again 
moved about five miles in the direction of Atlanta. On 
the nineteenth they took up the line of march in advance 
of the entire column. Moving forward about three miles, 
the brigade, with the exception of the Eighty-Fourth, went 
into camp. This regiment was sent as an escort to Gen- 
eral Howard's Inspector General to ascertain the location 
of the right of the Twenty-Third Corps. Returning at 
dark, having accomplished their mission, they bivouacked 
for the night. 

On the twenty-eighth the line of march was taken up 
at eight o'clock, p. m. The advance of the brigade were 
continually skirmishing with the enemy until evening, 
when they were considerably advanced, and built a line of 
works, while the bullets were whistling about their ears. 
But one man was killed, however. Next morning they 
moved to the right, and relieved the Ninety-Sixth Illinois, 
throwing up another line of works. Five companies of 
the Eighty-Fourth were sent on the skirmish line, where 
they remained until dark, when they were relieved by the 
Twenty-First Kentucky, and retired to their line of works. 
The enemy evacuated and fell back to Atlanta during the 
night. Our forces advanced in pursuit, but had not pur- 
sued them more than one mile and a half when they came 
upon their outer line of works. The regiment went into 
position about noon, on the left of the front line of the 



438 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

brigade, and threw up a line of bomb-proof intrenchments. 
They remained in these works until tlie night of the twen- 
ty-sixth, continually skirmishing witli the enemy, when 
they were sent back with the l)rigade about three miles, 
and occupied a line of works previous!}' built by the rebels. 
On the morning of the twenty-seventh they were placed 
in position on the extreme left of the entire line, in the 
immediate vicinity of Atlanta, where they built still an- 
other line of works, with abattis in front. Here they pitched 
tents and remained until the night of the first of August, 
when they moved to the right a short distance, and re- 
lieved a portion of the Twenty -Third Corps. Here they 
remained until the sixteenth, continually skirmishing, and 
occasionally making a feint on their lines, losing one man 
killed, instantly, and several severely wounded. Captain 
J. M. Taylor was slightly wounded in the arm. 

The regiment was transferred, on the fifteenth instant, 
to the Third Brigade, same division, and was under com- 
mand of General Grose. Nothing of importance, except 
skirmishing, occurred. Several ofiicers and men, including 
Lieutenant J. S. Fisher, were wounded. 

At dark, on the twenty-fifth, General Sherman com- 
menced his grand flank movement around Atlanta. In 
this movement the Eightj^-Fourth bore an active and im- 
portant part, being engaged in many of the battles and 
skirmishes, and assisting in the destruction of railroads, 
bridges, and other property belonging to the so-called con- 
federacy. At the engagement near Jonesboro, the regiment 
lost Captain Fellows and two privates, wounded. 

At the battle of Lovejoy's Station, the Eighty-Fourth was 
in the front line, whei^ they made a gallant and desperate 
charge, carrying their front line of works and capturing 
about thirty prisoners. In this charge the regiment lost six- 
teen men, killed, and three wounded ; among them Cap- 
tain Taylor, commanding the regiment. 

Nothing of unusual interest occurred until the evening of 
the fifth of September, when the regiment, with the rest of 
the army, took up the line of march, and entered Atlanta on 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 439 

the eighth, going into camp near the spot where the la- 
mented General McPherson was killed. 

October third the regiment left Atlanta and marched to 
Chattanooga, where it arrived on the thirtieth. The Fourth 
Corps, to which it was attached, was assigned to the com- 
mand of General Thomas. The regiment moved by rail from 
Chattanooga to Athens, Alabama, and from thence to Pu- 
laski, Tennessee, arriving at the latter place on the fourth of 
November. It left Pulaski on the twenty-third, and 
marched to Columbia, and on the thirtieth reached Frank- 
lin. From thence it marched to I^ashville, where it arrived 
on the first of December. 

December fifteenth the army of General Thomas moved 
upon the forces of the rebel General Hood, then strongly en- 
trenched, and holding the southern approaches to E'ashville. 
The regiment did not participate in the action of the first 
day, but upon the second day it was engaged in a charge 
upon the enemy's skirmish line, and at three p. m., it took 
part in a general charge upon the enemy's works, resulting 
in carrying their strongly entrenched position, and driving 
them in confusion from the field. In this battle the regi- 
ment lost twenty-three killed and wounded. 

Joining in the pursuit of Hood, the regiment crossed the 
Tennessee river, when it was ordered to Iluntsville, Ala- 
bama, where it arrived on the fifth of January, 1865. 
March thirteenth it moved to Knoxville, Tennessee, and 
from thence to Strawberrj- Plains, Bull's Gap and Shield's 
Mills. Here it remained till the thirteenth of April, when it 
moved back again to ISTashville. 

The Eighty -Fourth was mustered out of the service on 
the fourteenth of June, 1865, at Nashville, the remaining re- 
cruits being transferred to the Fifty-Seventh Indiana Vet- 
eran Volunteers, with which regiment they continued in 
service in Texas until its muster out, in JSTovember, 1865. 
The regiment left Nashville on the fifteenth of June, for In- 
dianapolis, where they arrived on the seventeenth. 

They formed a portion of the returned heroes who had a 
public reception on the twenty-sixth, in the State House 
Grove, on which occasion they were welcomed in behalf of 



440 RIXJIMKNTAL HISTORY. 

the State of Indiaiiu, by Caovernor Morton, General Hovey, 
General Wilder, and otliers. They then returned to their 
peaeeful homes, to reap the laurels so richly wqu. 

The Eighty-Fourth left for the field with an aggregate of 
nine hundred and forty-four officers and men, and returned 
with three hundred and twenty-seven men and twenty-two 
officers. 

THIRTY-SEVENTH REGIMENT 

Was organized at Lawrenceburg, and mustered into service 
on the eighteenth of September, 18G1. 

The following was the roster: 

Field and Staff. — Colonel, George W. Ilazzard, Indiana- 
polis ; Lieutenant Colonel, Carter Giizlay, Lawrenceburg; 
Major, James S. Hull, Moore's Hill; Adjutant, Livingston 
Howlaud, Indianapolis; Regimental Quartermaster, Francis 
Riddle, Knightstown ; Surgeon, William Anderson, Ver- 
sailles; Assistant Surgeon, John R. Goodwin, Brookville; 
Chaplain, John H. Lozier, Versailles. 

Company A. — Captain, William D. Ward, Versailles ; 
First Lieutenant, William Hyatt, A-^ersailles; Second Lieu- 
tenant, Washington Stockwell, Versailles. 

Company B. — Captain, Thomas V. Kimble, Brookville; 
First Lieutenant, Robert M. Goodwin, Brookville ; Second 
Lieutenant, William H. Wilkinson, Brookville. 

Company C. — Captain, Thomas W. Tate, Rising Sun; 
First Lieutenant, James T. Matteson, North Vernon ; Second 
Lieutenant, Robert C. Pate, Lawrenceburg. 

Company D. — Captain, Ilezekiah Shook, Versailles ; First 
Lieutenant, Jesse B. Holman, Versailles ; Second Lieutenant, 
James M. Hartley, Versailles. 

Company E. — Captain, Mahlon C. Connet, Adams ; First 
Lieutenant, Frank Hughes, Adams; Second Lieutenant, An- 
drew J. Hangate, Waldron. 

Company F. — Captain, Wesley G. Markland, Dillsboro; 
First Lieutenant, John B. Hodges, Dillsboro ; Second Lieu- 
tenant, Joseph P. Stoops, Dillsboro. 

Company G. — Captain, John McCoy, Franklin County; 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 441 

First Lieutenant, Archibald Allen, Franklin Connty; Second 
Lieutenant, Daniel S. Shafer, Franklin County. 

Company H. — Captain, William H. Tyner, Decatur Connty ; 
First Lieutenant, Quartus C. Moore, Decatur County; Second 
Lieutenant, George W. Pye, Decatur County. 

Company I. — Captain, William N. Doughty, Laurel; First 
Lieutenant, John Bleakey, Lawrenceburg ; Second Lieuten- 
ant, Isaac Abernathy, Knightstown. 

Company K. — Captain, John G. McKee, Rushville; First 
Lieutenant, Henry E. Lord, Lawrenceburg; Second Lieuten- 
ant, John B. Reeve, Rushville. 

On the twenty-first of October, the regiment left camp, 
and, taking steamer, proceeded down the Ohio river, arriving 
at the mouth of Salt river the next morning, going into 
camp on the north bank of the river. In a few days the 
Ninth Michigan regiment. Colonel Duifield, joined the Thir- 
ty-Seventh, and went into camp near. The two regiments 
erected fortifications back of the village of West Point, on 
high bluffs, commanding the Ohio river and surrounding 
country. 

On the sixteenth of November the regiment left camp, and 
reached Elizabethtown at noon of the next day. Here the 
Eighteenth Ohio and Nineteenth Illinois were in camp. In 
a short time, the Twenty-Fourth Illinois arrived. These 
regiments were formed into a brigade with the Thirty-Sev- 
enth, under command of Colonel Turchin, of the Nineteenth. 
Illinois. This brigade became known as the "Eighth Bri- 
gade," and acquired a far-famed notoriety during its seven 
months campaign on rebel soil. The very name of Turchin's 
brigade struck rebel sympathizers with terror. 

On the ninth of December the brigade marched to Nolin 
creek, remaining there until the eighteenth, when it resumed 
its march southward, and encamped at Bacon creek. In a 
few days General O. M. Mitchell arrived, with several addi- 
tional regiments from Louisville and Elizabethtown, and 
completed the organization of his division, which comprised 
the brigades of Colonel Turchin, Colonel Sill and General 
Duraont, together with Colonel Ken net's Fourth Ohio Cavalry 
and Captain Loorais' famous Michigan battery. 



442 RKGTMENTAL HISTORY. 

This wnn the far-fiuiied "Tliird Division" of General 
jMitcliell. It8 leader was called " Old Stars," on account of 
his Scientific and Astronomical reputation. Its movements 
■were so sudden and uniformly successful, as to cause more 
excitement in Alabama and Mississippi, than the whole of 
Grant's army. " It is Mitchell coming ; none of us are safe I" 
was a common exclamation among the rebels in the interior 
towns of those States. If a private of that division was asked 
where he belonged, he would answer proudly, — not designat- 
ing any company or regiment, — "I belong to the Third 
Division." Such Avas the body to which the Thirty-Seventh 
was attached. 

On the eleventh of February, 1862, the Third Division 
marched towards Mumfordsville, and camped on the south 
side of Green river, opposite that place. Here it remained 
two days. 

At daylight on the thirteenth the column moved towards 
Bowling Green. General Mitchell's division was in the ad- 
vance, and the Thirty-Seventh had at last an opportunity of 
moving upon the enemy's works. Bowling Green was forty- 
two miles distant. Here the rebels had held a strong position 
for several months. General Buell determined to take the\ 
place. The advance moved a few miles, when numerous trees 
were found lying across the road, having been cut by the 
rebels to obstruct their progress. The Michigan mechanics 
and pioneers speedily removed these obstructions, and the 
eager troops proceeded forward. The enemy had also driven 
broken down horses and mules into the numerous ponds 
along the road, and there shot them, rendering the water un- 
fit for use. At night the force bivouacked near Bell's tavern. 
A severe snow storm raged during the night. 

The next morning the column pushed on. About three p. 
M., Turchin's brigade, preceded by the cavalry and Loomis' 
battery, reached the crest of a hill overlooking Bowling 
Green. The enemy were evacuating the place. That morn- 
ing both bridges had been burned, and columns of smoke 
enveloping the town, told of destruction still going on. 
Loomis quickly had his guns throwing shot and shell into 
the retreating enemy. A train was just starting wlien the 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 443 

shriek of our shells gave the rebel General Hindman the 
first notice of our approach. The rebel train disappeared, 
and soon afterwards a flag of truce was seen approaching the 
river bank. 

The bearers of this flag of truce stated that the rebel force, 
with the exception of a few Texan rangers, had abandoned 
the town, and that these Texans were destroying their prop- 
erty, and requested that the Union commander would at once 
send a force to put a stop to further outrages. 

The night was intensely cold. Both bridges had been de- 
stroyed by the rebels, and the stream was too deep to ford. 
Turchin's brigade moved by a circuitous route to a mill three 
miles below, and by means of an old barge, efi'ected a cross- 
ing by daylight. No resistance was made to the passage of 
our troops. Soon after daylight the Eighth Brigade stacked 
arms in the public square of Bowling Green, the Thirty-Sev- 
enth being the first Indiana regiment to take possession. A 
large quantity of commissary stores, which the rebels in their 
hasty retreat had neglected to destroy, fell into the hands of 
the Union forces. Our troops occupied the dwellings just 
vacated by the enemy. 

On the twenty-third the Eighth Brigade took up its line of 
march for Nashville, and on the night of the twenty-sixth 
encamped on the premises of Ex-Governor Brown, in the 
village of Edgefield, opposite Nashville. Meanwhile, Gen- 
eral Grant had taken Fort Douelson, and the panic which 
had caused the evacuation of Bowling Green, had culminated 
at Nashville, producing a scene of excitement seldom wit- 
nessed in a civilized city. As at Bowling Green, a flag of 
truce appeared, and the citizens, with that inconsistency 
W'hich has characterized the rebel non-combatants through- 
out this war, were anxious that the Union troops should save 
them from their friends. (?) 

On the twenty-seventh the Union troops crossed the Cum- 
berland, on a steamboat, the enemy having destroyed the rail- 
road and suspension bridge. Mitchell's division went into 
camp on the Murfreesboro' turnpike, three miles from Nash- 
ville. On the fifth of March, Colonel Ilazzard received an 



444 REGIMENTAL IlISTOKY. 

order to return to liis coiiiniaiul in the regular army. The 
next day Lieutenant Colonel Gazlay assumed conmiand. 

On the eighteenth of March, General Mitchell's division 
was detaclied from Buell's army, and sent on an expedition 
towards Iluntsville, Alabama. The same day that General 
Buell left with his main army for Pittsburg Landing, Gen- 
eral Mitchell started on liis famous campaign to north Ala- 
bama, The history of this campaign is a story of thrilling 
incidents and surprises. The movements were so ra[tid ; the 
blows inflicted on the rebel communications so unexpected; 
that it seemed to the enemy as if armed men sprang from the 
ground to confront them. 

On the sixth of April, General Mitchell marched to Shelby- 
ville. On the eighth Lieutenant Colonel Gazlay was appointed 
Colonel of the Thirty-Seventh. The same day the column 
left Shelbyville, reaching Fayetteville the next day. ^Nfews of 
the battle of Shiloh was received while on this march. 

General Mitchell then moved for Iluntsville, Alabama, 
thirty-miles distant. It was necessary that the movement 
should be made with celerity to insure its success. The col- 
umn started at midnight. The weather was cool and beauti- 
ful for marching, but there was no turnpike, and the country 
roads were very muddy. A series of swamps and mud holes 
was succeeded by a long precipitous range of rocky hills, 
about six miles from Fayetteville, and it was found necessary 
to hitch several teams to the wagons to take them up. 
Colonel Turchin's brigade and Simonson's battery were in 
the advance. Colonel Sill's brigade, with Loomis' battery, 
followed closely after. At nine o'clock that night the col- 
umn halted within eleven miles of Iluntsville. 

Early on the morning of April eleventh, the column moved 
upon the town, meeting with no resistance, and effecting a 
perfect surprise. An advance force of cavalry and a section 
of Captain Simonson's battery, first caught sight of Ilunts- 
ville, and the lovely scenery surrounding it. They were ad- 
vancing upon the double quick, when two locomotives, with 
trains attached, made their appearance, moving in the direc- 
tion of Stevenson. A shot or two from the battery soon 
brought one train to a halt, but the other escaped. Three 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 445 

cavalrymen galloped into the town and captured a large 
number of sleeping rebel soldiers. 

When our troops advanced into town they found they had 
made a prize of seventeen locomotives and one hundred and 
fifty passenger cars, with a large amount of freight, together 
with a splendid machine shop. The rapid movements of 
the Third Division are thus spoken of by General Mitchell 
in his congratulatory order to his soldiers : 

" Soldiers — Your march upon Bowling Green, won the 
thanks and confidence of our Commanding General. With 
engines and cars captured from the enemy, our advance guard 
precipitated itself upon Nashville. It was now made j^our 
duty to besiege and destroy the Memphis and Charleston Rail- 
way', the great military road of the enemy. With a supply 
train only sufficient to feed you at a distance of two days' 
march from your depot, you undertook the herculean task 
of rebuilding twelve hundred feet of heavy bridging-, which, 
by your untiring energy was accomplished in ten days. 

" Thus, by a railway of your own construction, your de- 
pot of supplies was removed from ^tTashville to Shelbyville, 
nearly sixty miles, in the direction of the object of your at- 
tack. The blow now became practicable. Marching with a 
celerity such as to outstrip any messenger who might have 
attempted to announce your coming, you fell upon Hunts- 
ville, taking your enemy completeh* by surprise, and captur- 
ing not only his great military road, but all his machine 
shops, engines and rolling stock. 

" Thus providing yourselves with ample transportation, 
you have struck blow after blow, with a rapidity unparal- 
leled. Stevenson fell, sixty miles to the east of Huntsville. 
Decatur and Tuscumbia had been in like manner seized, 
and were now occupied. In three days you have extended 
your front of operations more than one hundred and twenty 
miles, and your morning gun at Tuscumbia, may now be 
heard by your comrades on the battle field, made glorious 
by their victory before Corinth. 

" A communication of these facts to headquarters has not 
only won the thanks of our Commanding General, but those 



446 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

of the Department of War, which I aunounce to you with 
proud satisfaction. 

"Accept the thanks of your commander, and let your 
future deeds demonstrate that you can surpass yourselves." 

The country between Iluntsville and Decatur is mostly 
level along the line of the railroad. Spurs of the Cumber- 
land mountains can be seen in the distance. A few swamps 
liere and there, a sparkling creek or two, whose borders are 
decked with flowers, and an occasional reach of woodhmd, 
give variety to the scenery. Immense cotton fields stretch 
away on either hand, and at long intervals could be seen the 
family mansion, surrounded bj' a village of negro huts. Our 
forces reached Decatur in time to save a splendid bridge that 
the rebels had just set on tire. 

Our line now extended from Bridgeport on the east, to 
Tuscumbia on the west, a distance of one hundred and lifty 
miles. We had captured a whole line of railroad, witl; all 
its rolling stock, machine shops and depots. In two days 
from the time General Mitchell entered Iluntsville, he had a 
time table printed, and the whole track carefully guarded. 
The object now was to hold this new territory. But General 
Mitchell was equal to the task, for he drew on the wealthy 
rebels for subsistence, and thus saved any details to guard 
trains. In one place he captured five hundred bales of cot- 
ton, and built a bridge of it, afterwards turning it over to 
the Government, realizing thirty thousand dollars for the 
benefit of the United States. The Third Division was self- 
sustaining, as it fed oflT the enemy, and believed that war 
meant war in earnest. 

General Mitchell appointed Colonel Gazlay Provost Mar- 
shal of Iluntsville, and the Thirty-Seventh was detailed as pro- 
vost guards. As the railroad was in General Mitchell's pos- 
session, he at once used it to the best advantage. Colonel 
Turchin, with his brigade, went as far as Tuscumbia, most of 
the Thirty-Seventh accompanying the expedition. Scouting 
parties scoured the mountain region for miles on either side 
of the railroad. Like busy bees, Mitchell's troops swarmed 
everywhere. 

On the twenty-first the balance of the regiment took all 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 44Y 

the baggage and camp equipage to Courtlaiid, where tents 
were pitched on the banks of Big Nance creek. About this 
time the rebel General Price sent a large cavalry force from 
the vicinity of Corinth to repel the Union forces, and Gen- 
eral Mitchell deemed it best to order a gradual withdrawal 
of his troops towards Huntsville. The scattered fragments 
of Turchin's brigade were united at Courtland on the twen- 
ty-tliird. Before decamping from tiiis place, orders were 
given to destroy the bridges over which the enemy would 
have to pass in pursuit. This order was at once executed. 

On the twenty-eighth, Turchin's brigade encamped at 
Huntsville, and the Thirty-Seventh was again placed on dut}'' 
as provost guards, witli Colonel Gazlay as Provost Marshal. 
On the fourth of May heavy reinforcements were hastily 
sent from the brigade to assist the Eighteenth Oliio, which 
had been surprised at Athens, Ahibanui, and driven from 
thence in the direction of Huntsville. The detachment from 
the Thirty-Seventh was commanded by Major AVard. The 
reinforcements met the Eighteenth Ohio ten miles from 
Athens, when the combined force at once marched upon the 
place. Upon the re-occupation of the town by the Union 
forces, great destruction of rebel property ensued. The 
Thirty-Seventh, however, took no part in the work of des- 
olation, remaining outside the town until the next day, at 
which time the pillaging had ceased. 

On the ninth. Captain Connet, of company E, with forty- 
nine men, while guarding the trestle work on the railroad, 
was attacked by a vastly superior force. After a desperate 
light. Captain Connet having five men killed and twelve 
wounded, was compelled to surrender. The rebel loss was 
twelve killed and twenty-five wounded. The rebels partially 
burnt the trestle work, and hurried away with their captives 
to Courtland, Alabama. Captain Connet and three of his 
men, being severely wounded, were kept at Athens until 
paroled. The others were taken to Tuscumbia, thence to 
Macon and Rome, and from thence to Richmond, Virginia, 
where they were kept prisoners until exchanged. 

On the twenty-sixth, Turchin's brigade began another 
march, and arrived the next day at Fayetteville, Tennessee. 



448 REGIMENTAL niSTORY. 

Oil tlio RoconJ of Juno, about three hundred picked men from 
tlie Thirty-Seventh, with an equal number from the Nine- 
teenth and Twonty-Fourtli Illinois, were detached to accom- 
pany an expedition to Chattanooga, under command of Gen- 
eral Negley, who had for two or three months previously, 
been operating in various parts of Middle Tennessee. 

On the seventh the expedition reached the river blufl's 
above Chattanooga, but had no means of crossing. At this 
point the town is two miles distant from the river, and con- 
cealed from view by a belt of timber land. The enemy's 
artillery was planted in an opening above the town. An 
artillery duel at once commenced and lasted a few hours, 
without any serious result. The rebel sharp shooters were 
posted in rifle-pits near the river bank to dispute the crossing 
of the Union troops. Our sharp shooters soon became en- 
gaged, and brisk skirmishing ensued, resulting in a few being 
wounded on either side. General Negley, not desiring to 
occupy Chattanooga, withdrew, leaving on his return march, 
the detachment of the Thirty-Seventh at Stevenson, Ala- 
bama. 

About the eighteenth the balance of the regiment, taking 
all tlie baggage, marched from Fayetteville to Huntsville, 
where all took the cars for Stevenson. The train could run 
no further than Bellefont, fourteen miles from Stevenson, so 
the cars were unloaded at Bellefont, and the regiment march- 
ed to Stevenson. The headquarters of the regiment were 
kept here, until the general evacuation of North Alabama, 
by order of General Buell, who had in the meantime arrived 
with his forces at Huntsville. 

Early in July, General O. M. Mitchell took final leave of 
his command, and started for "Washington. This gallant and 
energetic commander had endeared himself to every member 
of his division. Brave, patriotic and honest, his name will 
be fondly remembered while history records his many virtues. 
The members of the Thirty-Seventh, while relating the stir- 
ring incidents of their campaign in Kentucky, Tennessee and 
Alabama, point with a soldier's pride to their gallant leader, 
General Mitchell. Shortly after reaching Washington, he 
was ordered to Port lloj'al. South Carolina, where he died of 



• HEOIMENTAL HISTORY. 449 

a malignant fever. His death was a National calamity. His 
name will be cherished while patriotic blood flows in Ameri- 
can veins. 

For a short' time the Thirty-Seventh was stationed along 
the Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad, guarding bridges. 

On the first of September, Stevenson was evacuated, the 
enemy making a harmless demonstration with artillery as 
the rear guard of the federal troops was leaving. A train 
of cars with company F, of the Thirty-Seventh on board, 
was fired into by guerillas, near Tantalin Station, wounding 
four men, one mortally. Brigadier General William S. Smith, 
with the rear guard of the Union army, gathered up the 
scattered companies of the Thirty-Seventh, stationed along 
the railroad at the various bridges, and. after an exhausting 
march of three days, the regiment reached ISTashville. 

Here the old "Eighth Brigade" was broken up. The 
Thirty-Seventh was assigned to a new brigade, commanded 
by Colonel John F. Miller, and was retained in Negley's 
division for the defense of Nashville, while the main army 
followed Bragg through Kentucky. A great deal of hard 
labor was performed by the troops in fortifying Nashville. 
The rebel army were in strong force at Murfreesboro', and 
threatened an assault. A few days before the return of the 
Union army to Nashville, the enemy, under Forrest and 
Morgan, made a« attack with artillery and cavalry on the 
outer defenses of the city, but were soon repulsed. On the 
arrival of General Rosecrans, who had assumed command of 
Buell's army, at Nashville, Lieutenant Colonel Hall was ap- 
pointed Colonel of the Thirty-Seventh. 

On the tenth of December, Negley's division moved out 
five miles from Nashville on the Franklin pike. On the 
twenty-sixth the Army of the Cumberland moved upon the 
position of General Bragg in front of Murfreesboro'. 

BATTLE OF STONE RIVER. 

The part taken in the battle of Stone River, by Negley's 
division, reflected credit on the Union army. On the thirtieth 
his division had fought into position, as the center division 
Vol.. II.— 29. 



450 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

of the army, on a ridge no:ir the river. In liis rear was the 
famous "cedars;" an almost impassahk' forest. In front was 
the force of the rebel Geneml Withers, |)rotected by an oak 
forest. The rebel cannon opened furiously on ISTegley, our 
artillery replying effectively. The right of our army giving 
way before the overpowering force of the enemy, the rebels 
gained our rear, and the division was subjected to a deadly 
cross fire; yet for four hours it held its position. At last its 
ammunition gave out, and it was compelled to cut its way 
through the swarming masses of the enemy in the cedars. 

The division took part in the battle of the two following 
days, and on the second of January, made a grand charge 
upon Breckinridge's troops on the west bank of Stone river, 
utterly routing them, and capturing a large number of pris- 
oners, and a rebel battery. The rebel loss here was over two 
thousand. 

In each days' fight the Thirty-Seventh took part. It gal- 
lantly withstood the shock of the rebel charging columns, 
and only fell back when out of ammunition, and with the 
rest of the division. It joined in the pursuit of the enemy's 
broken right wing to its intrenchments, when night rendered 
further pursuit useless. 

In this battle the regiment lost twenty-five killed and one 
hundred and six wounded, making a total of one hundred 
and thirty-one. 

We ha.ve thus far written the history of the Thirty-Seventh 
from notes furnished us by officers of the regiment shortly 
after the battle of Stone River, but as we have no further 
data, we copy the remainder from the report of the Adjutant 
General of the State : 

" After this, engagement it encamped near Murfreesboro', 
and remained there .vmtil the army moved toward Chatta- 
nooga in Jiiqe, when it participated in that campaign. Prior 
to the battle, Qf^Chjckaniaiiga, it engaged the enemy at Dug 
Gap, Georgia, 0Q.tJ;ie. eleventh of September, and had several 
wounded. It participated iutlie battle of Chickamauga that 
followed, on the nineteenth and tv-'entieth of September, los- 
ing eight men in wounded. Falling back to Chattanooga 
with the army, it remained there until the spring of 1864. 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 451 

During the winter five companies, (A, B, C, D and I), re-en- 
listed, and visited Indiana on veteran furloughs, rejoining the 
regiment at Graysville, Georgia. 

In the Atlanta campaign it marched with Sherman's army, 
participating in the battle of Resacca on the fifteenth of 
May, 1864, and having a few men wounded ; and at Dallas, 
on the twenty-seventh, losing heavily. It also took part in 
the battle of Kenesaw Mountain, Chattahoochee River and 
Peach Tree Creek, losing a number in killed and wounded. 
After the occupation of Atlanta, the non-veterans were or- 
dered to Indianapolis, where they were mustered out in the 
month of October, 1864. 

The five veteran companies and the remaining recruits 
were consolidated into two maximum companies, known as 
A and B, detachment of Thirty-Seventh Regiment, in pur- 
suance of orders, and marched with Sherman's array through 
Georgia, to Savannah, and through the Carolinas, to Golds- 
boro. On the surrender of Johnston's army, the detachment 
moved with the army to Washington City, and was after- 
wards transferred to Louisville, Kentucky, where it was mus- 
tered out on the twenty-fifth of July, 1865, the two companies 
having, altogether, one hundred and fifty men. Returning 
home, the detachment was present at a reception given to 
returned troops in the Capitol grounds, at Indianapolis, on 
the thirtieth of July, 1865, on which occasion it was ad- 
dressed by Lieutenant Governor Conrad Baker, General 
Hovey and others. A few days afterward it was finally 
discharged." 

RESIDUARY BATTALION. 

The following is the roster of the residuary battalion of 
the Thirty-Seventh : 

Company A. — Captain, Socrates Carver, Franklin ; First 
Lieutenant, James Coulter, Metamora ; Second Lieutenant, 
Mitchell H. Day, Vernon. 

Company B. — Captain, George W. Meyer, Lawrenceburg ; 
First Lieutenant, Thomas Kirk, Versailles. 

The following oflficers of the regiment were either killed 



452 UEGIMENTAL IIISTOUY. 

or (lied of disease coiitnicted in tlie service. First Lieutenant 
Jesse B. Ilolman, killed at Stone River, December thirty-first, 
1862 ; Second Lieutenant Jonas M. Hartley, died of disease 
at Osgood, Indiana, April twenty-sixth, 1862; Captain Frank 
Huges, died at Nashville, Tennessee, July twenty-eighth, 
1864; Second Lieutenant William Spears, killed in action at 
Dallas, Georgia, May twenty-seventh, 1864; Captain John L. 
Ilice, died July ninth, 18G4 , First Lieutenant Isaac Aberna- 
thy, killed at Stone River, December thirty-first, 1862. 




■VArrwK iitntMiivi Co. Cmic*oo. 



/df^Ci^^Cn^z^^-^ 



COL.B.R SCRIBNER. 

33'_" REGT IND.VOL? 



BIOGMPHICAL SKETCH. 



CHAPTER XIII. 

COLONEL B. F. SCRIBNER 

Is the son of Abner Scribuer, who, with two of his brothers, 
became the proprietors, and laid out the city of New Al- 
bany, Indiana, in the year 1813. The son was born in that 
city, on the twentieth of September, 1825. He is, by profes- 
sion, a druggist and chemist, and for many years has carried 
on one of the most extensive drug houses in the city. 

"When quite a youth he became a member of the " Spen- 
cer Greys," a company formed from the young men of the 
city. This company, by its superior drill, soldierly appear- 
ance, and handsome uniform, gained for itself an enviable 
reputation, and was praised and feted at home and abroad. 
They took the prizes on all occasions of competition with 
other companies. At the military encampment, near Louis- 
ville, Kentucky, in July, 1845, a gold-mounted sword was 
awarded them. 

When the Mexican war broke out, and when, after the 
battle of Palo Alto, the public mind trembled for the safety 
of General Taylor, the Spencer Greys ofiered their services 
to the Governor. 

After the call was made upon Indiana for troops, they 
were accepted, and formed Company A, Second Regiment 
Indiana Volunteers, A little volume containing extracts 
from his private journal, entitled "Camp Life of a Yolun- 

(453) 



454 BIOORAIMIICAL SKKTCII. 

teer," published by CJrogg, Elliott et Co., I'liiiiKk-liiliia, givos 
a vivid description of the battle of liut-iiu Vista, and many 
interesting incidents of the Mexican war. Suffice it to say, 
that, during the twelve months, from a private, he became a 
corporal, and then a sergeant, the highest vacancy that oc- 
curred in his company. Having naturally a very decided 
taste for a military life, his duties were performed with alac- 
rity and pleasure, lie was never reprimanded by a superior 
officer, never missed a drill, a turn of guard duty, or failed to 
march with his company. lie conducted himself at Buena 
Vista with self-possession and courage, and was publicly 
praised by General Lane, on the field. Early on the morn- 
ing of the twenty-third of February, his regiment was thrown 
to the front, beyond support, and were opposed by three 
thousand infantry and twelve hundred lancers, and flanked 
on their left by a battery of five guns. Here, without panic, 
they stubbornly maintained their position until they had fired 
twenty-one rounds, and were ordered to retreat. In this re- 
treat, he, with others of his company, joined with the First 
Mississippi, Colonel Jeff. Davis, (now so unenviably notori- 
ous), who, wnth General Taylor, were just arriving on the 
field, from Saltillo. "With this regiment he remained during 
the day, sharing with them their temporary reverses and bril- 
liant successes. To show how the conduct of these brave 
boys was appreciated, we will state, that Jeft'. Davis after- 
wards sent a committee to the company for the names of the 
gallant fellows who behaved so nobly, and to their credit be 
it spoken, they declined to give them, being unwilling to 
gain reputation at the expense of their comrades, who had 
been placed by the fortunes of war in other positions, and 
who, situated as they were, would doubtless have done as 
well. 

When the nation was awakened from its dream of peace 
by the guns of Sumter, his patriotism gave new life to 
his military spirit, which had so long lain dormant, and mili- 
tary books and military tactics occupied his attention in all 
his leisure moments. He entered a company enrolled for 
home defense, and feeling himself bound, by a large and 
complicated business, to remain in civil life, he contented 



COLONEL B. F. SCUIBNER. 455 

himself for a while by trying to do all in liis power to build 
up public spirit, forming coni[)}inies, and drilling tliem with 
indefatigable zeal. lie was promoted from one grade to an- 
other, until, at last, he was niade Colonel of the Seventh 
Kegiment Indiana Organized Militia. As the war pro- 
gressed, and our country's peril became more apparent, he 
began to doubt that his duty lay at home, and finally yielded 
to the conviction that his place was in the field. He had been 
offered some twenty companies by ofiicers who had raised 
men in difterent parts of the State, and being authorized by 
the Governor to raise a regiment, went into camp at New 
Albany on the twenty-second of August, 1861. 

In September, Buckner advanced on Louisville, and Rous- 
seau was ordered out to meet him. Colonel Scribner's regi- 
ment, the Thirty-Eigiith Indiana, was then without arms 
or accoutrements; but, on being asked by General Anderson 
if they could not go to the rescue, the Colonel promptly as- 
sented, saying they would do what they could. 

They were armed and partly equipped, and on the twenty- 
first of September, 18G1, left New Albany to join the heroic 
Rousseau, who, under Sherman, was moving on Muldrangh's 
Hill and Elizabethtown. Without blankets oi* tents, and 
almost without food for three or four days, these brave fel- 
lows entered the service. 

But in the hope of meeting and crushing the enemy, they 
forgot their discomforts and inexperience. 

The regiment was first assigned to Wood's Brigade, 
McCook's Division, but before crossing Green river, was 
transferred to jSTegley's Brigade, in the same Division. Dur- 
ing the spring and most of the summer, this command was 
employed in keeping open the communication with Mitchell, 
at Huntsville, and with Buell, at Corinth. In May, 1862, 
the Thirty-Eighth, with others, marched to Florence, Ala- 
bama, and back, in ten days; a distance of two hundred 
miles. In one week after their return, Negley's demonstra- 
tion against Chattanooga was made, in which Colonel Scrib- 
ner commanded a brigade. This expedition was successful 
as far as it went, and had the advantage then gained been 
followed up by snfKcient force, important results would have 



45G lilUCKAPlllCAL SKETCH. 

ensued. Tlio eneiny'H urtillen' was sileiice'ii, and they, driven 
from tlieir works on the river, would have capitulated, had 
this been demanded ol" tlicni. l>ut as the force was insulli- 
cient to hold the place, of course it was useless to occupy it. 
On the return march. Colonel Scribner was left with his brig- 
ade to bring up the reai-, a task fraught with danger and diffi- 
culty. This he accom[)li3hed with credit to liimselt" and 
safety to his charge. 

They encamped at Shelbyville on their return, making the 
march of over three hundred miles, in fifteen days. In July 
the regiment was ordered to Battle Creek, where they re- 
mained until Buell abandoned the Tennessee river, when 
Colonel Scribner was ordered in the advance, to take com- 
mand of the post and fortifications of Decherd. When the 
ami}' came up, he moved on with it to Louisville. 

Tlie hardships of this terrible march from Alabama to 
Louisville, and the subsequent pursuit of Bragg in Ken- 
tucky, with the terrible fight at Chaplin Hills, are vividly 
portrayed in the history of the Thirty-Eighth Kegiment, 
which will be found elsewhere in these pages. 

The brunt of the battle fell upon llousseau's Division, in 
which Colonel Scribner Avas placed at Battle Creek. Jack- 
son's and Terrell's forces being new levies, and unable to 
withstand the attack of the enemy, made desperate by their 
disappointed hopes, soon melted away before the flower of 
the rebel army. Not so did liousseau's veterans, who, in one 
thin line, without reserves or support, fought with a deter- 
mination hardly paralleled in the war. The statements of 
losses on both sides, and the ofiicial reports, show this. Here 
Colonel Scribner exhibited his fitness for command. Self- 
possessed, although his mind was employed wnth the details 
of his own regiment, he was ever active to discover the 
enemy's movements. 

The assistance rendered by his constant advices, is ac- 
knowledged in the official reports. Here he began to reap 
the fruits of his patient labors to instruct his officers and 
men in their duties, under all contingencies; and here the 
importance of discipline and drill were made apparent. 



COLONEL B. F. SCRIBNER. 457 

These brave fellows, beside the Tenth Wisconsin, for two 
hours and a half, held their ground before the dense masses 
of the enemy, under the destructive tire of artillery. The 
leaden hail from the small arms, and the grape, canister and 
ghell, cut up their ranks; but not a man was seen to falter. 
Their colors were riddled, the staff shot in two places, six of 
tlie color-guard killed, and two wounded, leaving only one 
unhurt. Out of four hundred men, they lost, in killed and 
wounded, one hundred and lifty-seven. Having shot away 
their own ammunition, they used that of their killed and 
wounded comrades; and then, with fixed bayonets, deter- 
mined to die sooner than retreat until ordered to do so; for 
the Colonel had told them that the safety of the Seventeenth 
Brigade depended upon their maintaining their position. 
When, at length, the orders came, they fell back with a cool- 
ness not exceeded on battallion drill While lying down, 
awaiting ammunition, they were trampled over by hordes of 
new recruits, who, in their terror, were flying from the field, 
with the enemy at their heels. These noble soldiers, without 
a round of ammunition, but with fixed bayonets, yielded not 
an inch, stubbornly resolved to try the virtue of steel. A 
soldier's bravery can be put to no severer test. 

The Colonel was wounded in the leg, and had his horse 
shot. 

Soon after the battle, Colonel Scribner was placed in com- 
mand of the brigade; Colonel Len. Harris, its former gallant 
leader, having been forced to resign on account of ill health. 

The First Brigade, formerly the Ninth, composed of the 
Thirty-Eighth Indiana, Tenth AVisconsin, Second, Thirty- ■ 
Third, and Ninety-Fourth Ohio, with Colonel Scribner at its 
head, bore an important part in the battle of Stone river. 
They, with the rest of Eousseau's Division, were sent into 
the cedars on the morning of the thirty-first, to the support 
of McCook, who was being driven by the enemy, who had 
massed upon him. Here it again fell to Colonel Scribner's 
lot to get into the thickest of the fight. Two of his regi- 
ments (the Second and Thirty-Third Ohio) had been ordered 
to the support of our batteries on the pike, and bore a con- 
spicuous part in the repulse of the enemy, who, having 



458 BrO(1HAPIIICAL SKKTCH. 

turned our left fliiuk, charged upon tliet>e batteries. Mean- 
time the otlier tliree regiments, with the Colonel command- 
ing, — iVom the right of Neglej, on the Wilkinaou pike, — 
maneuvered through the cedars, as the movements of the 
enemy made it necessary, and were at lengtli also ordered 
back to the pike. His leading regiment, the Ninety-Fourth 
Oliio, had just began to emerge from the thicket, into the 
field on the left of the Nashville pike, when they came upon 
the enemy retreating from their rei^ulse on the pike; pursu- 
ing them into the cedars some six hundred 3'ards, on a line 
nearly parallel with the pioneer road, they were completely 
routed. Soon after this they were met by a large column of 
our own forces, retiring before the enemy. Opening his line, 
the Colonel permitted them to pass, when, elated by success, 
the rebels came down in dense musses to within twenty-five 
paces of his line; here they were checked by the galling fire 
they received, and here occurred one of the most desperate 
struggles of the day. For a time he appeared to be sur- 
rounded, the enemy pressing down upon his left, but by 
slightly retiring his left regiment, a cross-tire was obtained. 
For twenty minutes the command stood firm, although fear- 
fully decimated; and they would have been exterminated 
before yielding or falling back. When the orders came to 
withdraw from the cedars, it was obeyed reluctantly, but in 
good order; the enemy not daring to follow. The import- 
ance of this stand in the cedars will be appreciated when we 
reflect that this was now the left of the enemy's line, and 
being thus held, retarded the advance of the rest of their 
column. Thus, the noble fellows in the edge of the cedars, 
to the rear, and left, were enabled to hold their ground. 
It was only after the smoke of the battle had cleared away, 
that it was known that this little band was thus fighting, far 
in the forest, while those on the outside were keeping the 
enemy back on the left. 

Colonel Scribner commanded the brigade, through the 
campaign in Tennessee and Alabama, until they arrived at 
Chattanooga, where, by the re-organization of the army by 
General Grant, he again assumed command of his regiment, 
which was transferred to the First Brigade, First Division, 



COLONEL B. F. SCRIBNER. 459 

Fourteenth Army Corps, uuder the command of Brigadier 
General Carlin. In the battles around and upon Lookout 
Mountain, including the assault upon Mission Ridge, the 
regiment rendered gallant service, and Colonel Scribner con- 
ducted himself most nobly. • 

December twentieth, 1863, Colonel Scribner succeeded in 
re-enlisting the majority of his regiment as veterans, at Ross- 
ville, Georgia, where they had been stationed on outpost 
duty, and on the Third of January, started with them for 
New Albany, on furlough. Colonel Scribner and his subor- 
dinate officers were not to be idle, however, even at home. 
They immediately commenced recruiting, and shortly after- 
wards returned to the field with a number of new recruits. 
Prior to the summer campaign of 1864, the Thirty-Eighth 
was transferred from the First to the Third Brigade of the 
same division, when the command of the Brigade devolved 
upon Colonel Scribner, by seniority. He commanded it in 
all the skirmishes and battles of that campaign, until after 
the evacuation by the enemy, of Kenesaw Mountain, when, 
(July fifteenth), he was taken very sick, and the command 
devolved upon Colonel Given, of the Seventy-Fourth Ohio. 

This ends Colonel Scribner's active military career. "Who 
shall say it has not been a bright one? — who withhold the 
meed of such well earned praise ? 

August twenty-first, 1864, finding his health so much im- 
paired from continued exposure and over exertion, he of- 
fered his resignation, which was accepted. A short time 
afterwards, he was tendered a brevet, which he promptly, 
and, we think, very properly, refused to accept. Colonel 
Scribner is one of those who have learned by experience, 
that valor, energy and ability weigh but little in the scale, 
when West Point or political influence are on the other 
side. 

Nothing but his own patriotic ardor and love for his coun- 
try took him into the field. He to^^k up the sword as a vin- 
dication of true principles, and now that the war is over, and 
the Union restored, he has resumed his usual business avoca- 
tions, asking nothing, and expecting nothing, at the hands of 
his countr3'men but their respect and esteem. He is not a 



460 niOCKAl'lIICAIi .-SKETCH. 

Bchcnier and he uschI no nndiiu or improper means to gain 
promotion. Conscious of his own merit, and content with 
whatever position the Government deemed fit to tender him, 
lie did his duty without faltering, and was always among the 
first to hare his hreast to the leaden storm. No commander 
has won more esteem from his suhordinates than Colonel 
Scrihner, and few indeed, have retired from command with a 
clearer conscience, or a brighter record. Uis memory will be 
cherished, and grow green in the hearts of his fellow-citizens 
even after he steps ofi:* the stage of action. 



EEGIMENTAL HISTORY. 



CHAPTER XIV. 

SEVENTEENTH REGIMENT. 

This regiment was organized at Carap Morton, Indianapo- 
lis, during the month of May, 1861, and was mustered into 
the United States service on the twelfth of June following, 
for " three years or during the war," by Colonel T. J. A\^ood, 
U. S. A. The roster was as follows : 

Field and Staff. — Colonel, Milo S. Hascall, Goshen; Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel, John T. Wilder, Greensburg ; Major, George 
W. Gorman, Owensville ; Adjutant, Edward R. Kerstetter, 
Goshen ; Quartermaster, Winston P. JS'oble, Indianapolis ; 
Chaplain, Henry 0. Huftman; Surgeon, John Y. Hitt, 
Greensburg; Assistant Surgeon, David H. Henry. 

Company A. — Captain, Silas F, Rigsby, Greensburg; First 
Lieutenant, William H. Carroll, Greensburg; Second Lieu- 
tenant, Jacob R. Stewart, Memphis. 

Company B. — Captain, Peter A. Huffman, Thorntown ; 
First Lieutenant, Richard W. Hargrave, Thorntown ; Sec- 
ond Lieutenant, Lorin C. Wood, Thorntown. 

Company C. — Captain, Henry Jordan, Corydon ; First 
Lieutenant, William T. Jones, Corydon ; Second Lieutenant 
Emanuel R. Hawn, Leavenworth. 

Company D. — Captain, Geo. W. Allison, Franklin; First 

(461) 



462 REr.IMKNTAL HISTORY. 

Lieutenant, Robert S. Kane, Greenwooil; Second Lieuten- 
ant, "William A. Owens, Franklin. 

Company E. — Captain, George. W. Stougb, Colurabii 
City; First Lieutenant, James E. Sergeant. Columbia City; 
Second Lieutenant, Isaiab B. McDonald, C/oIurabia City. 

Company F. — Captain, James Tbompson, Indianapolis; 
First Lieutenant, George Cubberl}", La Gro; Second Lieu- 
tenant, John R. Fiscus, Indianapolis. 

Company G. — Captain, Robert C. l\eid, Anderson ; First 
Lieutenant, Etbau M. Allen, Anderson ; Second Lieutenant, 
Hiram J. Daniels, Anderson. 

Company II. — Captain, Jacob G. Vail, Princeton ; First 
Lieutenant, Silas W. Boswell, Princeton; Second Lieutenant, 
William S. Berr3% Patoka. 

Company I. — Ca[)tain, John Mastin, Sullivan; First Lieu- 
tenant, Uriah Coulson, Sullivan; Second Lieutenant, Thomas 
B. Silvers, Sullivan. 

Company K. — Captain, Julius C. Kloenne, Peru; First 
Lieutetiant, Greenbury F. Shields, Xew Albany; Second 
Lieutenant, Charles R. Beck, Indianapolis. 

The regiment was armed as follows : Companies B and F, 
Enfield rifles; Companies C, D, E, G, II, I and K, smooth- 
bore muskets. Company A had charge of two pieces of a 
battery of artillery; six-pounders. There was also a com- 
pany of scouts, composed of fifty men, from the various com- 
panies of the regiment. They were armed with Enfield 
rifles, and were commanded by Lieutenant Green F. Shields, 
of Company K. 

During the month of June the regiment lay at Camp Mor- 
ton, drilling and preparing for the field. 

On the first of July it left Indianapolis for Parkersburg, 
Virginia, which place it reached on the fifth, after stopping 
three days at Cincinnati. 

While bere, Lieutenant Colonel Wilder, with Companies 
B, E, G and K, marched in search of the enemy to Eliza- 
betbburg, Spencer and Walton, and returned to camp on the 
twenty-first of July, having marched a distance o'f two hun- 
dred miles. 

On the twenty-tliinl the regiment took the cars and moved 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 463 

to Oakland, Maryland. Thence, inarching sixteen miles to 
the north branch of the Potomac, it was engaged until the 
seventh of August in constructing the fortifications known as 
Camp Pendleton. Proceeding by rail from Oakland to Web- 
ster, and thence on foot up Tygart's Valley to Iluttonsville, 
the regiment reached Cheat Mountain Pass on the twelfth, 
and afterward went into camp at Elkwater. While in this 
vicinity the Seventeenth participated in the operations of 
General Reynolds' army, including the battle of Greenbriar, 
on the third of October, in which it lost one man, killed. 

November nineteenth it proceeded to Louisville, Ken- 
tucky, and reported to General Buell on the thirtieth. It 
lay in camp on Oakland Race Course until the tenth of De- 
cember, when it was assigned to General Nelson's Division. 
It then marched to Camp Wicklitie, near iSTew Haven, where 
it was engaged in drilling until the tenth of February. 
While at Camp Wicklitfe, a great deal of sickness, including 
several cases of small-pox, prevailed in the division, and it 
was found necessary to establish a convalescent camp at Nel- 
son's Furnace. Moving toward and crossing Green river, 
the regiment was assigned to General T. J. Wood's Division, 
and accordingly reported to him at Munfordsville. Thence 
marched to Nashville, and encamped at Edgefield Junction, 
where it remained until the march to the Tennessee river be- 
gan. 

On the twenty-fifth of March, Colonel Hascall being ap- 
pointed Brigadier General, he was succeeded in command of 
the regiment by Lieutenant-Colonel John T. Wilder. 

Leaving Nashville on the twenty-ninth of March, the regi- 
ment reached the field of Shiloh on the eighth of April. It 
then participated in the march to, and the siege of Corinth, 
and after its evacuation, moved with Buell's army through 
Northern Alabama to McMinnville, Tennessee, where, on 
the thirtieth of August, it overtook, attacked and routed 
General Forest's rebel army. 

September third the regiment left McMinnville and 
marched via Murfreesboro', Nashville, Bowling Green, Eliza- 
beth town and West Point, to Louisville, Kentucky, where 
it arrived on the twenty-fifth of S/2ptember, after marching 



4G-4 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

two hundred and seventy miles, and having a skirmish with 
Bniirtr's rear guard on tlic twenty-first, near Munfordsvillc. 

Leaving Louisville on tlie first of October, it moved to 
Bai'dstown, wliere it remained in camj) until the eighteentli, 
and then marehed to Nashville via Lebanon, Columbia, Glas- 
gow and Gallatin, reaching there on the twenty-sixth of No- 
vember. Between this and the first of February, 1863, the 
regiment was engaged in numerous expeditions in different 
directions from Nashville, and then moved its camp to Mur- 
freesboro'. 

February twelfth the regiment received orders to be 
mounted, and the following month was occupied in foraging 
and pressing horses, until the men were fully mounted; after 
which they were kept constantly moving on scouting expedi- 
tions. 

On tlie eighteenth of May the men were armed with Spen- 
cer rifles, and they afterwards became so proficient in the use 
of these guns that they were almost invincible, as their his- 
tory fully proves. 

On the twenty-nintli it moved to Hoover's Gap, where 
they found the enemy strongly posted, after having driven 
their pickets for ten miles. The regiment formed in line ou 
the fork of Duck river, and repulsed in fine style several 
charges of the enemy, whose force was composed of five reg- 
iments of infantry, three companies of sharp-shooters, and a 
battery. The Seventeenth held the rebels at bay until they 
ran out of ammunition, when re-inforcements from the other 
regiments of the brigade came up and drove the enemy from 
the field. The regiment captured seventy-five prisoners and 
one hundred and twenty stand of arms. The enemy's loss 
was very heavy, — being six hundred killed and wounded. 
The loss of the regiment was forty-eight, killed and 
wounded. 

After this engagement it marched to Manchester, driving 
the enemy and capturing many prisoners. It then marched 
on a raid to Cowan, after which it scouted the country in 
various directions, and on the twenty-first of August, skir- 
mished with the enemy across the TcDncssec river, near 
Chattanooica. After the evacnalioii of rliat place, the Seven- 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 465 

teenth moved towards the North Chicamauga and Dalton, 
trequently skirmishing with the enemy. On the eleventh of 
September it marched to near llinggold, where it met Scott's 
brigade of rebel cavalry, with two pieces of artillery, when & 
sharp fight ensued, resulting in driving the enemy to Tunnel 
Hill, and killing and capturing many of the rebels. Com- 
pany H, had a sharp engagement with Forrest's body guard, 
driving them from the railroad embankment. The regiment 
lost one man killed and two w^ounded. 

Between this and the eighteenth, frequent skirmishes oc- 
curred, and on that day the regiment was attacked by the 
enemy in force, and compelled to fall back. 

The next day, the Seventeenth fought nearly all day in the 
battle of Chicamauga, breaking the enemy's lines every time 
he charged. 

On the twentieth, the regiment changed position, to con- 
form to the line, forming on the right of the Twentieth 
Corps, The enemy charged on the line and were repulsed. 
The regiment then charged the rebels and drove them, kill- 
ing, wounding and capturing a great number. In one charge 
they captured eighty rebels. At three o'clock they were or- 
dered back towards Chattanooga. They moved back slowly, 
and camped at llossville. 

On the first of October, the regiment started in pursuit of 
General Wheeler, who was in the Sequatchie Valley, It 
crossed Waldron's Kidge, and marched across the valley to 
the top of the Cumberland mountains. 

About dark on the third, after the regiment had marched 
all day on the mountains, an order came from General 
Crook, (who commanded the forces), to Major Jones, to move 
forward with the regiment. The Major moved on and met 
the General, who commanded him to drive the rebels out (»f 
a cove, saying, " There's only a brigade of them." The rey;- 
iraent was immediately dismounted and moved down Thomp- 
son's cove, under cover of the darkness. Wheelino- ri«-ht 
and left, as they followed its windings, expecting to meet the 
enemy at every step, they marched some distance, and halted 
to rest for a moment, when & voice from the front called out 
grufily, " Who are you ?" The Major answered in true Van- 
VoL. IT.— 30. 



^^j{^ hi:(j1Mi;nt.\i, ihstouy. 

kee style, by rcpeiitiug the intorrogjilory. At this the voice 
called out, " We're rebels; come over!" " Forward, double- 
quick, inarch !" cried the Major, and siiiuiltaneously with the 
movement, the fire flashed from the Spencer's. Giving a 
hideous yell the regiment went "over" with a bound, but 
the rebels didn't wait to \velcome thetn. They left a lew 
wounded and a number of arms on the iield. The regiment 
lost but one wounded. 

October fourth the Seventeenth had ;i skirmish with the 
enemy at McMinnville, Tennessee, driving him out of the 
town, and following him to Glascock's, where they encamped. 
The regiment lost two killed and four wounded. 

On the seventh, it marched to Shelby ville, and encountered 
the enemy, driving him from the field. lie left thircy killed 
and a number of wounded, besides several horses. The 
enemy were pursued to Farmington, by the One Hundred 
and Twenty-Third Illinois, the Seventeenth mounting and 
following immediately. We find the following account of 
the battle at that place in a pamphlet history of the Seven- 
teenth regiment, published by Adjutant William E. Doyle : 

"At Farmington, Wheeler had disposed his entire force 
and awaited our attack. The One Hundred and Twenty- 
Third on striking him, dismounted and advanced, and we 
dismounted to support them. They moved forward on the 
left side of the road, but by a turn in the road crossed and 
o-ot on the other side. In following them six of our right 
companies did the same thing. The other four advanced on 
the left of the road. The enemy kept up a terrible fire from 
their line, that lay behind stone and rail breastworks, on the 
One Hundred and Twenty-Third, and our six companies 
on the riijht of the road, under Major Jones. The four com- 
panies on the left advanced and charged, breaking the ene- 
mv's line, and getting into town in their rear. At this time 
the rebels witlidrew their artillery to the opposite edge of 
the town, and at the same time. Captain Vail, with compan- 
ies C, K and G, had reached the public square, and were 
within about fifty yards of the artillery. Captain Goad, of 
company C, proposed taking it. The men opened a rapid 
$re and shot down the horses and gunners, at the same time 



REGIMEiNTAL HISTORY. 467 

running forward and taking the guns. The enemy on the 
right of the road finding their line broken, gave way and 
retreated. Just at this, Major Jones came into town on the 
double-quick, along the main street, to where the two guns 
were taken, and the regiment moved forward again to where 
the enemy, failing to get the third gun away, had just blown 
up the caisson. We took that also. We followed the enemy 
about one mile from town, skirmishing and taking many 
prisoners. The guns captured were two twelve pounder 
howitzers and one rifled gun. We also captured a great 
number of arms, several wagons laden with supplies, and 
about three hundred prisoners. The enemy's loss must have 
been very heavy; not less than five hundred killed and 
wounded in the day's fight. The regiment lost forty-eight 
killed and wounded, including three commissioned officers." 

Crossing the Tennessee river at Lamb's Ferry on the ninth, 
further pursuit was abandoned, and the regiment moved to 
Huntsville, Alabama, from whence it started, on the thir- 
teenth, in pursuit of the enemy under Forrest, Roddy, Whar- 
ton and others. 

On the twenty-seventh, it went into winter quarters at 
Maysville, from whence, on the eighteenth of November, in 
pursuance of orders from General Thomas, two hundred and 
fifty of the best mounted men marched to near Chattanooga, 
and crossed the Tennessee river on Sherman's pontoon. Mov- 
ing in the direction of Cleveland, they went around by Ty- 
ner's Station, whilst the battle was raging at Mission Ridge, 
to within seven miles of Ringgold, and destroj'ed rebel wagon 
trains and stores. After destroying seventy-seven wagons, 
they returned to Cleveland, where they arrived on the twen- 
ty-sixth. 

The next day they were attacked by Kelly's brigade of 
rebels, and forced to fall back to near Chattanooga, after de- 
stroying the foundry at Cleveland. The regiment lost one 
man killed. On the thirtieth, they marched towards Knox- 
ville, running through the rebel lines to get into the town. 
Leaving there on the fifth of December, they crossed the 
Chilhowee Mountain, into North Carolina, and thence into 
Tennessee, camping at Charleston on the fourteenth. 



468 KIUilMKN'TAL IHriTOUY. 

Jiiiuiary fourth, 18()4, the majority of the regiment, 
proposed "veteranizing." A vote was taken, and re-enlist- 
ment began. From this date the regiment was a veteran or- 
ganization, and the next day it started for Nashville, where 
it arrived on the eleventh. 

That portion of the regiment in camp at Charleston, 
inarched by way of Chattanooga and the Nashville and 
Chattanooga pike, to Nashville, where Captain Eckles mus- 
tered in two hundred and eighty-six as veterans. The non- 
veterans were left at Pulaski, Tennessee, where they 
remained a short time, and then moved to Huntsville, re- 
maining there and at Mooresville all winter. 

Company A and many of the 1862 recruits went home 
with the veterans, expecting that they would be allowed to 
" veteranize," but they were disappointed. 

Arriving at Indianapolis on the twenty-fifth, the regiment 
was publicly received at the Capitol grounds, and addressed 
by Governor Morton, Colonel Wilder and others. 

While in Indianapolis the veterans were permitted to pur- 
chase horses, and, being re-mounted, left Indianapolis by rail 
on the second of April, and on arriving at Louisville, went 
into camp until the 18th, when it proceeded to march to 
Nashville, reaching there on the twenty-fifth, after riding 
one hundred and eighty -six miles. 

Leaving Nashville the next day, the regiment overtook 
Sherman's army, then on the march to Atlanta, on the tenth 
of May. From this time until the thirty-first of October, 
it was actively and constantly engaged in the cavalry and 
scouting operations incident to the march upon and capture 
of Atlanta, and the pursuit of Hood's retreating army north- 
ward. It participated in the numerous skirmishes, and the 
raids to cut off the enemy's communications; and was con- 
spicuously engaged at Pumpkin Vine Church, Big Shanty, 
Belle Plain Road, Kenesaw Mountain, Marietta, Chatta- 
hoochee river (being the first troops to cross the stream), 
Stone Mountain, Flat Rock, New Hope Church, Rome, Coo- 
saville, Leesburgh and Goshen. 

November first, 1864, after turning over its horses to Kil- 
patrick's cavalry, the regiment left Rome, Georgia, for Louis- 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 469 

ville, Kentucky, where, on the twenty-fourth, it was re- 
mounted. It was then transferred to Gravelly Springs, Ala- 
bama, where it arrived on the twenty-fifth. 

And now commences a new era for the Seventeenth. 
Leaving behind all its former brilliant exploits and valiant 
deeds, we approach that portion of its history which came 
under our own observation, and which forms the cap stone 
of its magnificent record. We refer to the part taken by 
the regiment in the celebrated 

WILSON RAID. 

Before proceeding with a history of this raid, we will state 
that a number of recruits had been added, though we are not 
apprised of the aggregate force of the regiment. As a mat- 
ter of course, many changes of officers had taken place, and 
we therefore append the roster as it stood on the twenty- 
eighth of February, 1865 : 

Field and Staff. — Colonel, Jacob G. Vail; Lieutenant- 
Colonel, Frank White; Major, John J. Weiler; Adjutant, 
William E. Doyle; Quartermaster, Henry W. Tutewiler; 
Assistant Surgeons, John B. Larkin and George M. Collins ; 
Sergeant-Major, George Welch. 

Company A. — Captain, Charles H. McCarty; Second Lieu- 
tenant, Lafayette Lindley. 

Company B. — Captain, John C. Lamson ; First Lieuten- 
ant, James H. McDowell ; Second Lieutenant, Francis M. 
Cowan. 

Company C. — Captain, Press. J. O'Brannon; First Lieu- 
tenant, George S. Wilson ; Second Lieutenant, Joseph Sut- 
ton. 

Company D. — Captain, William A. Owens; First Lieuten- 
ant, James M. Waggoner; Second Lieutenant, Edwin 
Churchill. 

Company E. — Second Lieutenant, David Gerver. 

Company F. — Captain, John W. Collins; First Lieuten- 
ant, William B. Edwards; Second Lieutenant, William J. 
Wriffht. 



470 laoHIMIiNT.AL HISTORY. 

Company G. — Caiitain, James J). Taylor ; First Lieuten- 
ant, John H. Wagner; Second Lieutonant, Tliilij) ]lill. 

Company IT. — Captain, James W. vXrinstront!;' ; Fir^t ]jieu- 
tenant, Fountain i.\. Wasson ; Second Lieutenant, TliomaB J. 
Myers. 

Company I. — Captain, James W. Louthan ; First Lieuten- 
ant, James B. Patton ; Second Lieutenant, John J. Nesbitt. 

Company K. — Captain, John L. Jones; First Lieutenant, 
Charles C. IlilL 

In the organization of Wilson's cavalry corps, the Seven- 
teenth was assigned to the First Brigade, Second Division. 
The division was commanded by Brevet Major General Eli 
Long, and the brigade by Colonel A. U. Miller. 

The Seventeenth lay in camp at Gravelly Springs, perfect- 
ing itself in drill and discipline, until the twelfth of March, 
when marching orders were received. Camp life had be- 
come very tedious to the soldiers, and they were conse- 
quently much elated at the prospect of an active cam- 
paign. They marched to Waterloo, fourteen miles, and 
during the night were ferried across the Tennessee river by 
steamboats. They then encamped, awaiting the crossing of 
other troops, getting supplies, and packing up and sending 
ofl' all surplus baggage. But little transportation was per- 
mitted, — two wagons to each brigade being the allowance. 
Officers were reduced to the same amount of baggage as 
the men. 

By the twenty-first, everything was in readiness, and 
marching orders were received for the twenty-second. At 
daylight that morning the entire command moved out by 
different roads, to go — the men knew not whither. 

For several days nothing of an exciting nature occurred, 
and the columns moved steadily on, through mud, rain, rivers 
and creeks, seldom seeing the face of an inhabitant of the 
wild and rugged regions of [S'orthern Alabama. Reveille 
was sounded at half-past three o'clock every morning, and 
seldom did the regiments go into camp until after dark. On 
the thirtieth, while crossing Black Warrior river, private 
Keeran, of Company F, was drowned, and many were un- 



REGIMENTAL HISTOKY. 471 

horsed and compelled to wade, holding' to their horses' tails 
to keep from being washed down by the rapid current. 

April first, while marching towards Selma, Alabama, the 
road was contested by the rebels under Forrest, Roddy and 
Armstrong. They were steadily driven by the advance 
guard until they reached a place on Bogue's creek, near Eb- 
enezer Church, where they made a stand. The following is 
the official report of the action of the regiment in that bat- 
tle, as well as at Selma : 

nEADQUARTERS SEVENTEENTH INDIANA MOUNTED InFANTRT, 

Selma, Alabama, April 6, 1865. 
Captain 0. F. Bane, A. A. A. G., 

First Brigach^ Second Division Cavalry Corps: 
Sir : — I have the honor to make the following report of 
the part taken by my regiment in the afiair near Bogue's 
creek, on April first, 1805, and in the taking of Selma, on 
April second, 1865. 

K)n the first, the regiment was third in order of march of 
the brigade, which was following the i-etreating enemy in the 
direction of Selma, continually skirmishing with, and driving 
them. The advance had pushed them easily until near 
Bogue's creek, (twenty miles from Selma). Here they made 
a stand and ofl'ered a good deal of resistance to our further 
advance. Four companies (E, G, II and I), were ordered 
forward by Colonel A. O. Miller, commanding First Brigade, 
Sexjond Division cavalry corps, to charge the euemj'. Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel F. White took command of them and moved 
forward, charging the enemy, who were engaging our skir- 
mishers, overtaking Patterson's regiment, and, running past 
them, sabred a number. Dashing on, they struck the eiie- 
my's line of battle about one mile from where the charge 
commenced; charged on and cut through them, under a 
fierce fire, to where the artillery (four pieces), which had 
been firing as our men advanced, stood. Here Lieutenant- 
Colonel White, finding another line of battle confronting 
him and firing on him, having so few men, and being so far 
from support, turned ofif the road into the woods, to the 
left, charging upon the enemy there, and cutting his way out 



472 UKtilMKNTAL HISTORY. 

with his ('(iimn;ui(l, wilh the exception of Captain Taylor and 
sixteen enlisted men. The Captain had command of the ad- 
vance company (G), and did not hear the order to turn oft' 
the road, so he charged on heyond the artillery, cutting the 
enemy right and left, until shot down by them. Of the six- 
teen enlisted men following him, six were kille^l, five 
wounded, and five were taken prisoners. 

Lieutenant-Colonel AVhite having to fall back with his 
command, could not retain or bring off the captured artil- 
lery. When the enemy afterwards fell back, they left one 
twelve-pounder howitzer on the field, — one wheel being bro- 
ken by the horses rushing against it in cliarging. There 
were about one hundred of the enemy captured, but being 
unable to guard them, they escaped — all but fifteen or 
twenty. The four companies that took part in the affair 
numbered about two hundred and twenty men. The loss 
was, — 

Killed — One commissioned officer and seven enlisted. 

Wounded — Eleven enlisted. 

Missing — Five enlisted. 

The enemy's loss cannot be ascertained. It could not have 
been less than fifty, killed and wounded, — far more than that 
number having been sabred. They got their killed and 
wounded oft' the field, with the exception of one killed and 
ten wounded that fell into our hands. 

We camped for the night near riantcrsville. 

On the second instant the march towards Selma was re- 
enmed, and we marched on the Plantersville road until with 
in six miles of Selma; we then moved on a cross-road to the 
Sammerfield road, and advanced by it. On arriving within 
sight of the enemy's w^orks that encircled Selma, we were 
dismounted, by order, and formed in line of battle in single 
rank. The line was changed shortly afterwards, and the 
regiment placed on the left of the brigade. At about five, p. 
M., we were ordered to commence the attack on the works, 
and we advanced across an open field and swamp — across a 
deep ravine and up to the works, under a terrible fire from 
the enemy's line behind them. As we advanced, we deliv- 
ered our fire rapidly — drove the enemy from their position. 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 473 

and breaking through the palisades and abuttis, rushed over 
the works and through the embrasures into the forts, cheer- 
ing and firing. The enemy, driven back, fought stubbornly. 
The enemy's batteries fired with seemingly little effect, injur- 
ing but few of our men. The left of the regiment was oppo- , 
site to and took forts numbers fifteen and sixteen ; and the 
centei* and right took fort number seventeen and the lunette 
near fort number eighteen. The enemy having fallen back 
to the railroad, which served them as a breastwork, being 
about three feet higher than the adjacent ground, and having 
a line still in rear, we re-formed our line preparatory to ad- 
vancing on them. 

At this time, Colonel A. 0. Miller being wounded, I being 
next in rank, assumed command of the brigade, and turned 
over the oommand of the regiment to Lieutenant Colonel 
Frank White. 

Sufficient credit can not be given to the officers and men 
of the regiment for their gallantry, and for the promptitude 
with which every order was executed. To mention acts of 
individual bravery would be to speak of every man of the 
regiment engaged. Special mention, however, is due Lieu- 
tenant Colonel F. White and the officers and men that par- 
ticipated in the fight on the first instant, for their bravery, 
and for the gallant manner in which they broke through the 
enemy's lines, ran over their artillery, and sabred their men ; 
and then, in the face of such overwhelming numbers, cut 
their way out. 

For the lists of killed and wounded, and official figures, I 
refer you to Lieuteuant Colonel White, to whom I turned 
over the regiment. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

J. a. Vail, 
Colonel Seventeenth Indiana Volunteers. 

Headquarters Seventeenth Indiana Volunteers, 

April 6th, 1865. 
Captain O. F. Bane, A. A. A. G. 

Fir^st Brigade, Second Division, Cavalry Corps : 
Sir: — On the 2d instant, the command of the regiment 

I 



474 REC.IMENTAL HISTORY. 

having been turned over to inc by Colonel J. G. Viiil, shortly 
after piissiug through tlie enemy's works, and the enemy be- 
ing in force in our front, behind the railroad embankment 
and ijiterior line of works and forts, I moved forward with 
the regiment, charged and drove the enemy from their posi- 
tion, and followed them into town so closely that they had 
no time to rally. On my aj^suming command, the regiment, 
almost deployed as skirmishers, held all the ground between 
the Summeriield road on the left and the enemy's works on 
the right; and in advancing into town we moved parallel 
with the western line of defences of the town, and inside of 
them, — driving the enemy from all along the line, and taking 
all the forts from number eighteen to the river on the west 
side of town. We captured four pieces of artillery in the 
works; also their caissons. 

We took, during the tight, about three hundred prisoners, 
including most of the First Mississippi regiment, and a large 
portion of the Tenth Mississippi regiment, with the Colonel, 
Lieutenant Colonel, Major and Adjutant of the former regi- 
ment; Colonel White, of the Eighth Mississippi, and a num- 
ber of officers of inferior rank. The prisoners were sent to 
the rear, and were turned over to and picked up by various 
officers having charge of prisoners. We also captured the 
ordnance wagons of Armstrong's brigade, (two in number); 
destroyed the ammunition and ro-tained the wagons. 

We took into action seventeen commissioned officers and 
four hundred and four enlisted men. 

We lost as follows : 

Killed — Commissioned officers — 

p]nlisted men 12 

Total killed — 12 

Wounded — Commissioned officers 7 

Enlisted men 73 

Total wounded.. — 80 

Aggregate killed and wounded 92 

To all the officers and men engaged, I have to return my 
heartfelt thanks for their unflinching gallantry. 

Frank White, 

Lieutenant Colonel Seventeenth Indiana Volunteers. 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 475 

The Seventeenth, together with the rest of the corps, re- 
mained at Selma until the eighth of April, assisting in de- 
stroying the arsenals and Confederate buildings, burning 
cotton, and picketing. They then moved out, crossing the 
Alabama river on a pontoon bridge, and proceeded towards 
Montgomery. Xothiug of importance occurred until the 
thirteenth, when they marched into Montgomery — the city 
having been evacuated by the rebels — and went into camp. 
The march was resumed next morning, and kept up, with 
no incidents wortiiy of note until the twentieth, when the 
regiment was in advance of the column, — Companies E, G, 
H and I acting as advance guard. The rebels were contest- 
ing the road at every available spot, and skirmishing was 
kept up all day. The enemy would build rail barricades 
across the road, wait until the advance guard came within 
range, and then lire and run. At Tobesotfkee creek quite a 
sharp skirmish occurred. The rebels w^ere driven before 
they had time to burn the bridge; and charging over it, 
through fire and smoke, the regiment pursued them so hotly, 
that, in their confusion, they threw away guns, knapsacks, 
coats and blankets, strewing them all along the road. Sev- 
eral prisoners and horses were ca[)tured from them. 

About two miles from the bridge, the advance was met by 
the rebel General Robinson and staff, bearing a flag of truce, 
and a letter from General Cobb, commanding at Macon, 
stating that an armistice had been agreed upon between 
Generals Sherman and Johnston, and proposing a cessation 
of hostilities. Colonel White sent the message to Colonel 
Minty, commanding the division, (General Long having been 
severely wounded at Selma.) who sent it by courier to Gen- 
eral Wilson. lie then notified General Robinson of the dis- 
posal of the message, telling him that he could not halt the 
column without orders from the General commanding, warn- 
ino^ him to return to Macon, and at the same time directing^ 
Lieutenant Colonel White, commaTiding the advance, to 
move on in five minutes from the time General Robinson re- 
ceived his reply, and save the bridge over Rocky creek. At 
the appointed time the advance moved off at a trot, and find- 
ing the flag of tiMice party endeavoring to delay him, Adju- 



476 REGIMENTAL IIISTOUY. 

taut ])(>\k', with lit'tfcii iiu-n, charged ujion and captured 
three' oi" them. Thu advance ke[)t on and pursued a Init- 
tulioii cf cavalry, when u running figlit entsued. Terror- 
stricken and demoralized, the rehels tired at random, and 
retreated jiell-mell into the tbrtitications of Macon, foMowed 
by our advance. The following is the official report of the 
day'.s action, in full : 

Headquarters Seventeenth Indiana Mounted Infantry, 

April 2l8t, 1865 
Captain O. F. Bane, A. A. A. G. 

First Brigade^ Second Division Cavalry Corps : 

Sir, — I have the honor to make the following report rA 
the action of this regiment, wliich I liad the honor lo com- 
mand on the twentieth instant: 

On the morning of the twentieth, the regiment being 
the advance regiment of the division, four companies, with 
sabres, were sent forward as advance guards of the divis- 
ion, under Major Weiier. Three companies were in rear of 
the division, guarding prisoners, and I had the remaining 
three companies of the regiment in proper order of 
march, in the rear of the headquarters. From our camp 
of the preceding night, from whence we started in the 
morning, it was forty-tive miles to Macon. After march- 
ing about twelve miles, and when near Spring Hill, the 
advance guard first met a small party of the enemy, 
and drove them off, cajituring a few of them. I then moved 
forward, and assumed command of the advance. We rested 
near Spring Hill about one hour; then moved on. Xear 
Montpelier we again met the enemy, and charged him 
through the village and into a barricade of rails across tha 
road, charging it and driving the enemy, and capturing about 
a dozen of them, including three officers and a few horses. 
Resting a minute, I again moved forward at a fast trot, in 
order to save the bridge over the Tobesofi'kee, at Minim's 
mill. Here we found the enem}'' in line, about two hundred 
strong, and attacked them. Our advance charged, mounted, 
through the burning bridge, until stopped b}' the plank be- 
ing torn up; they then dismounted, as did the first two com- 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 477 

pauies, and I double-quicked them across, dismounted, and 
after a sharp skirmish of about five minutes, drove them off 
in confusion. In the meantime I had part of the other two 
companies at work extinguishing the fire on the bridge, the 
men carrying the water in their hats and everything else 
available. As we drove the enemy from the bridge, I sent 
two companies across a ford below the bridge, to pursue the 
enemy, and gave pursuit at the same time with the men dis- 
mounted. The road, after crossing the bridge, makes a bend, 
and the enemy had to retreat around this bend, whilst my dis- 
mounted men, double quicking across the bend, had the en- 
emy under fire for about two hundred yards, and took good 
advantage of it, firing very rapidly, breaking the enemy to 
pieces, causing them to throw away their guns, blankets, 
haversacks, etc., and fly for their lives. The fire on the 
bridge was sufficiently suppressed in about fifteen minutes to 
admit of horses crossing, and leaving men still at work at 
the flames, I crossed the command and pushed on ; about 
two miles from the bridge and thirteen miles from Macon, I 
met a flag of truce under the rebel Brigadier General Robin- 
son. I sent word to division headquarters in regard to the 
matter, and the flag of truce detained us. I then received 
orders to give them five minutes to get out of the road, and 
then to ride on again to save the bridge over Rocky creek, at 
Bailey's mill. 

I placed Adjutant Doyle in command of the advance 
guard of fifteen men, giving him instructions and sending 
him forward on a trot, supporting him closely- with the 
regiment. After going about two miles, he came in sight 
of the flag of truce party, covering the rear of a force of 
about two hundred and fifty men, said to be Blount's bat- 
talion and Wheeler's corps. They were going slowly, and 
evidently trying to delay us; seeing this, the Adjutant, as I 
instructed him, charged them, causing the flag of truce party 
to take to the woods, and capturing three of the officers with 
it, and driving the enemy's cavalry pell-mell along the road. 
They kept up a continuous fire on us, but with no efi'ect, as 
they were so frightened and excited. On gettitig- within 
eight of Rocky creek bridge, the enemy was discovcnM] on 



478 REOTMRNTAL HISTORY. 

foot, jitteniiitiiig to fire; the bridge. The advance drove them 
oft", liowevor, and pursued them to the palisades in the road. 
Before getting to the bridge, the Adjutant called for a gmall 
reinforcement, and I sent liim Lieutenant James McDowell, 
with Company E. lie caught up bef(jre getting to the 
bridge. On arriving at the palisades, the advance got up 
among the rebels, and some firing ensued, the rebels break- 
ing right and left in confusion. The advance, then reduced 
to tivc men, tore up the palisades and passed through and up 
to the rel>el works. Here Adjutant Doyle rode upon the 
works and demanded their surrender, telling them that we 
hud two divisions of our cavalry in their rear in the cit^'. 
The Colonel commanding the brigade (rebel) not l)eing 
there, the men believed they were cut off, and subordinate 
ofhcers surrendered their commands. The men threw down 
their arms and marched down to the road, where Lieutenant 
^[cDowell took charge of and formed them; he had then 
four men with him. The Adjutant was at this time riding 
along the line of works, telling the men to throw down their 
arms and surrender; that they were cut off and our prisoners; 
that resistance was vain, and fighting would avail naught; 
and the rebel soldiery were throwing down their arms and 
hastening to the road, and their otiicers were following the 
men. 

I came up at this time, with the regiment, and found 
the rebel prisoners in line along the road, under McDowell. 
Adjutant Doyle had gone on the forts, on to the right of the 
road, and received their surrender. As soon as the regiment 
got inside the line of works, the entire line surrendered. 
Finding themselves cut ofl' from town, Colonel Cumming, 
who commanded the brigade immediately on the road, came 
down with one hundred and fifty men, and surrendered to 
me. I left tw^o companies in charge of the prisoners, and 
moved on towards town with the other five companies. At 
the edge of the town I was met by a flag of truce, and re- 
ceived the surrender of the city. I marched into town and 
up to General Cobb's headquarters. Taking formal posses- 
sion of the city, I placed patrols on duty, and camped the 
regiment for the night; part in the Court House and part in 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 479 

the main street. We captured in the works and city, Major 
General Howell Cobb, Brigadier General Mackall, Brigadier 
General Mercer, and Brigadier General Gustavus W. Smith, 
1;hree thousand prisoners, including officers of all grades be- 
low general officers; five stands of colors, sixty pieces of 
field artillery and heavy artillery, of all calibres, and three 
thousand small arms. We had in the action during the day, 
twenty-one commissioned officers and four hundred and 
thirty enlisted men. We lost one killed and two wounded. 
I have to return thanks to Major Weiler for the efficient 
aid given me in commanding the regiment; to Adjutant 
Doyle for the able manner in which he handled the advance 
guard, and to Lieutenant J. II. McDowell, who ably assisted 
him and took charge of the prisoners. I have also to return 
my thanks to every officer and man in the regiment for the 
cheerfulness with which they endured the hardships incident 
to the march ; for the alacrit}- with which tliey obeyed every 
order; and for the gallant manner in which they have gone 
at the enemy wherever they have found him, since the open- 
ing of the campaign. I had omitted to say that we captured 
over two hundred horses and mules, also a battery of four 
guns, made and intended for General Forrest. 

Respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Frank White, 
Lieutenant Colonel Commanding. 

The regiment remained in camp near Macon, until the 
eighth of August, 1865, when it was mustered out of service. 
Colonel J. G. Vail was assigned to command of the post, and 
Lieutenant Colonel White took command of the First Bri- 
gade, Second Division, of the Corps. The regiment Avas 
afterwards assigned to post duty, when Lieutenant Colonel 
White was appointed Provost Marshal, Adjutant Doyle, 
Acting Assistant Adjutant General, Captain C. H. McCarty, 
Aid de Camp, Lieutenant Tutewiler, Post Quartermaster, and 
Captain Owens, Post Commissary. Captain J. C. Lamson, 
was placed on duty in command of Columbus, Georgia, 
and had with him one hundred and fiftv men of the reo-- 



480 REGIVrNTAL HISTORY. 

iniciit. Major J. .). W'oiler, liad command of the regiment 
wliilc doing provost duty in Macon. 

Kll.I.KI) AND WOUNDED. 

The following is a complete list of the killed and wounded 
during the campaign, from March twenty-second to May 
first, 1865, inclusive: 

KILLED. 

1. Captain James 1). Taylor, company G. 

2. Corporal Stewart Evans, company G. 

3. Private Jason S. McMullen, company G. 

4. Private Elijah Sntphin, company G. 

5. Private Andrew J. Summer, company G. 

6. Private John Shawlian, company G. 

7. Private Clement M. Griffeth, company G. 

8. Private John Ilane, company I. 

WOUNDED. 

1. Sergeant Martin D. Hamilton, company G ; severely. 

2. Corporal James M. Stapleton, company G; severely. 

3. Private William Akers, company G ; severely. 

4. Private John Barrack, compan}' G ; mortally. 

0. Private James Hoover, compan}' G ; severely. 

6. Private John Jerrall. company G; severely. 

7. Private Charles Sherwootl, company G ; severely. 

8. Private Hansom P. Wolder, company G ; mortally. 

9. Private Alexander Caruthers, company II; slightly. 

10. Corporal Caleb J. Thompson, company I ; severely. 

11. Private Isaac Ilarbert, company I; severely. 

SELMA, ALABAMA, APRIL 2, 1865. 

KILLED. 

1. Sergeant John M. Davis, company A. 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 481 

2. Private Levi Fox, company A. 

3. Private William Coffill, company A. 

4. Private James 1S[. Prestage, company B. 

5. Private Joseph Bailey, company B. 

6. Corporal Alex. Brown, company C. 

7. Private Jeremiah Driscoll, company C. ^ 

8. Private Thomas Maxwell, company D. 

9. Private Ashel G. Carmin, company E. 

10. Sergeant Charles Harvy, company F. 

11. Corporal Andrew Zull, company F. 

12. Private Jacob Shelly, company K. 

WOUNDED. 

1. Captain John W. Collins, company F; dangerously. 

2. Captain John L. Jones, company K ; painfully. 

3. Captain Charles McCarty, company A ; painfully. 

4. First Lieutenant George S. "VYilson, company C ; pain- 
fully. 

5. First Lieutenant James I^. Waggoner, company D ; 
slightly. 

6. Second Lieutenant William Wright, company F; pain- 
fully. 

7. Second Lieutenant Lafe Lindley, company A; severely. 

8. Corporal James Williams, company A ; dangerously. 

9. Private Wm. Morgan, company A ; mortally. 

10. Private Charles W. McCarty, company A ; severely. 

11. Private Henry Martin, company A; severely. 

12. Private George Houghton, company A; slightly. 

13. Sergeant Allen J. Yeoman, company B ; severely. 

14. Corporal David Bryant, company B ; slightly. 

15. Private William Jerrold, company B ; severely. 

16. Private Milton E. Scott, company B ; severely. 

17. Private Robert White, company B ; severely. 

18. Private Joseph Kane, company B ; mortally. 

19. Private Moses Shinnerman, company B; severely. 

20. Private David C. Smith, company B ; severely. 

21. Private James Bhodes, company B; severely. 

22. Private Leonard Browning, company B; severely. 

Vol. II.— 31. 



482 REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 

23. rrivatc Samuel Brown, coiiii»Jiiiy li ; severely. 

24. Private Guilford Williams, company li ; severely. 

25. Private Robert Maxwell, company B; severely. 
2G. Sergeant Marshal Lancl, company C; slightly. 

27. Corporal Isaac N. iN^elson, company C; slightly. 

28. Corporal Albert P. DeBrulcr, company C ; severely. 

29. Private Valorous Brown, company C ; severely. 
SO. Private Morris Ilatiield, company C ; severely. 

31. Private Francis Hudson, company C; severely. 

32. Private Joe Miller, company G ; severely. 

38. Private Jesse D. Miller, company C; severely. 

34. Private Felix G. !N"oble, company C; severely. 

35. Private John Parker, company C ; severely. 

36. Private Isaac Pugh, company C; severely. 

37. Private William W. Ramsey, company C ; slightly. 

38. Private William Ross, company C; severely. 

39. Private Fred. Sidenstuckcr, compaii}- C; severely. 

40. Private Christian Shakcl, company C; severely. 

41. Corporal Henry C, Smiley, company D; severely. 

42. Private Samuel Brown, company D ; severelj'. 

43. Private Henry Martin, company D ; severely. 

44. Private Benjamin Kemble, company D; severely. 

45. Private Chalmer Dunn, comj»any B; severely. 

46. Private James Phelps, comjiaiiy D ; severely. 

47. Private Solon French, compatiy B ; slightly, 

48. Private Benjamin Cochran, company J); slightly. 

49. Private Lewis Whiteman, company E; slightly. 

50. Sergeant Charles Feisner, compiiny F; severely. 

51. Private Nathan King, company F; severel3\ 

52. Private William Morri.^, company F; slightly. 

53. Private Thomas Richards, company F; severely. 

54. Private Columbus West, company F ; slightly. 

55. Private Robert Greenwood, company F; slightly. 

56. Corporal Richard Gossctt, company G ; severely. 

57. Private Abraham Gallion, company G; painfully. 

58. Private Edward Maxwell, company G; slightly. 

59. Private John J. Sheay, company G ; severely. 

60. Private Madison Cox, company G ; severely. 

61. Corporal William Burner, company 11; severely. 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 483 

62. Private Joseph Wilson, company H; severely 

63. Private Thomas Stotts, company II ; slightly. 

64. Private Kewton Knight, company H ; slightly. 

65. Corporal Henry II. Lane, company I ; slightly. 

66. Private Thomas jST. McClun.g, company I ; severely. 

67. Private George W. Sopplee, company I ; severely. 

68. Sergeant William L. Hess, company K ; slightly. 

69. Corporal l!Tervell Kepley, company K; severely. 

70. Corporal Guilford D. Snodgrass, company K; slightly. 

71. Private Dennis A. Coleman, company K; severely. 

72. Private Joseph II. Day, company K ; slightly. 

73. Private John G. Hoge, company K ; severely. 

74. Private Wm. Ingraham, company K; slightly. 

75. Private Egidus D'Isay, company K; slightly. 

76. Private Thomas Jones, company K ; severely. 

77. Private Albert M. Robinson, company K; severely. 

78. Private Erastus Manger, company K; severely. 

79. Private Manley King, company K; severely. 

80. Private William Yandle, company K; severely. 

81. Sergeant Major George Welch ; slightly. 

MACOJ^, GEORGIA. 

KILLED. 

1. Corporal Milton Whiteman, company E. 

WOUNDED. 

1. Private Walter S. Collins, company E; slightly. 

RECAPITULATION. 

Killed — Commissioned .* 1 

Killed— Enlisted 20 

Total 21 

Wounded — Commission ed 7 

Wounded— Enlisted 87 

Total 94 

Total killed and wounded H5 



4»4 iu;(;iMi;.\T.\i, iiistouy. 

OIIANClCd IN Ul'l'lCKIlS, IKIUa'AllY TWKNTV-KIUHTII TO JULY 
TIlIRTY-rillST. 

John B. Larkin, Surgcoii, Mardi sixtli, 18G5 ; promoted 
from Assistant Surgeon. 

David C. Done, Assistant Surgeon, March sixth, 18(35; pro- 
moted from Hospital Stcwanh 

John L. Craig, Cha[>lain, March eighteenth, 18G5 ; ap- 
pointed from civil life. Died July thirteenth, 18G5. 

"Wilher Havens, Regimental Quartermaster ; appointed 
from Sergeant company D. 

Lafayette Lindley, First Lieutenant company A; promoted 
from Second Lieutenant company A. 

David Gerver, Captain company E, March sixteenth, 1805 ; 
promoted from First Lieutenant company E. 

D. R. Ilemmick, First Lieutenant company E, March 
second, 1865; promoted frcmi Second Lieutenant company 
E. 

John II. "Wagner, Captain company G, July fourth, 18G5; 
promoted from First Lieutenant company G. 

Philip Hill, First Lieutenant company G, July fourth, 18G5; 
promoted from Second Lieutenant company G. 

CHANGES IN NON-COMMISSIONED STAFF. 

Charles P. Ilolloway, Quartermaster Sergeant; appointed 
from private company C. 

Charles H. Garrigues, Hospital Steward ; appointed from 
private company II. 

A recapitulation of the history of the Seventeenth, shows 
that it has marched over four thousand miles, captured over 
five thousand prisoners, together with six thousand stand of 
arms, seventy" pieces of artillery, eleven stand of colors, and 
more than three thousand horses and mules. All this with 
a loss of three officers and sixty-six men killed, and thirteen 
officers and one hundred and seventy-six wounded — a total 
of two hundred and fifty-eight killed and wounded. 

The regiment has fought in every State in the South and 



REGIMENTAL HISTORY. 485 

their dead lie buried in Virginia, Kentucky, North Carolina, 
Tennessee, Mississippi, Georgia and Alabama. 

We can not close this history of the gallant Seventeenth in 
a more befitting manner than by quoting the concluding por- 
tion of Adjutant Doyle's pamphlet history of the regiment. 
It is as follows : 

" Can any regiment in the service show a brighter record ? 
ITone have strove harder for it than we have. The trophies 
of our victories hang in the State House at Indianapolis, and 
in the Capitol at Washington. Terry's Texan Rangers, 
Second Kentucky Cavalry, Augusta Guards, Seventh Arkan- 
sas Infantry, WofFord Greys, and many other rebel regiments 
and battalions, had to see us carrying their colors ofi" the 
field. 

We ask our country to give us the credit due our actions. 
We never were defeated. With a cry of " make way for the 
Seventeenth," that almost drowned the roar of our Spencer 
Rifles, we always carried every thing before us. But we are 
now through with our work, and we go to our homes with 
the brotherly feeling for each other that our trials and tri- 
umphs have made. With open hand we welcome each other, 
and the password that will always lead to our hearthstones, 
will be the ever welcome, " I belonged to the Seventeenth 
Indiana." 



THE MUNFORDSVILLE SURRENDER. 

MuNFORDsviLLE, September, 1862. 
Colonel J. I. Wilder and a recruiting detail from the regi- 
ment having been in Indiana, recruiting for the regiment, 
during August, 1862, were very successful, having obtained 
over two hundred recruits. Of the«e, Captain Ilenly had 
besides his lieutenants, ninety-seven men, who were assigned 
to the regiment as company A. The rest of the recruits were 
under Lieutenants Armstrong and Benton. They left Indi- 
anapolis about August twenty-fifth, and arrived at Louisville 
game day and camped two days near the Louisville and Nash- 



486 nKOIMENTAL HISTORY. 

ville Depot; then started toward >,'aslivillc, but railroad com- 
munication being obstructed stopped at Munfordsville. Here 
orders were received by Colonel Wilder, to remain and defend 
the place, and save the bridge over Green River from the 
rebels, whose army under Bragg liad crossed the Cumberland 
river on the seventh of September at Carthage, and were 
advancing toward Kentucky. Colonel Wilder having as- 
sumed command of the place, commenced strengthening the 
old works and building new ones. The Seventeenth Indiana 
detachment were on the right of the line, between the rail- 
road and the river, facing south-west. The rest of the troops, 
consisting of parts of the Sixty-Seventh and Eighty-JSTintk 
Indiana regiments, and two companies of the Eighteenth 
Regulars, were posted on the right and left of the railroad, 
in the positions best suited for defense, where they fortified. 
On September twelfth, the eneni}' were heard of at Glasgow, 
and efforts to complete the fortifications, so as to make them 
fit for use, were made. 

On the evening of the thirteenth Lieutenant Colonel Nix- 
on, of Scott's (rebel) brigade of cavah-y, came in with a flag 
of truce, demanding the surrender of the place. Colonel 
Wilder received him cordially and treated him w^ell, enter- 
taining him for several hours (and no doubt getting some in- 
formation from him) and then sending him back with the 
message to General Chalmers, that he believed he would fight 
a little first. Next morning, Sunday, the fourteenth, our 
pickets were attacked before sunrise, and by sunrise were 
forced back on the main body. At about one hour after sun- 
rise the enemy's batteries, three in number, placed on k